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International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746846/treatment-and-prognosis-of-facial-palsy-on-ramsay-hunt-syndrome-results-based-on-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Rafael da Costa Monsanto, Aline Gomes Bittencourt, Natal José Bobato Neto, Silvia Carolina Almeida Beilke, Fabio Tadeu Moura Lorenzetti, Raquel Salomone
Introduction Ramsay Hunt syndrome is the second most common cause of facial palsy. Early and correct treatment should be performed to avoid complications, such as permanent facial nerve dysfunction. Objective The objective of this study is to review the prognosis of the facial palsy on Ramsay Hunt syndrome, considering the different treatments proposed in the literature. Data Synthesis We read the abstract of 78 studies; we selected 31 studies and read them in full. We selected 19 studies for appraisal...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746845/supra-auricular-versus-sinusectomy-approaches-for-preauricular-sinuses
#2
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmed Shaker ElAassar
Introduction Several surgical techniques and modifications have been described to reduce the high recurrence rate after excision of preauricular sinus. Objectives The aim of this study is to review the literature regarding surgical approaches for preauricular sinus. Data Synthesis We performed searches in the LILACS, MEDLINE, SciELO, PubMed databases and Cochrane Library in September, 2015, and the key words used in the search were "preauricular sinus," "sinusectomy," "supra-auricular approach," "methylene blue," and/or "recurrence...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746844/clinical-value-of-high-mobility-group-box-1-and-the-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review
#3
Austin Nguyen, Sheila Bhavsar, Erinn Riley, Gabriel Caponetti, Devendra Agrawal
Introduction High mobility group box 1 is a versatile protein involved in gene transcription, extracellular signaling, and response to inflammation. Extracellularly, high mobility group box 1 binds to several receptors, notably the receptor for advanced glycation end-products. Expression of high mobility group box 1 and the receptor for advanced glycation end-products has been described in many cancers. Objectives To systematically review the available literature using PubMed and Web of Science to evaluate the clinical value of high mobility group box 1 and the receptor for advanced glycation end-products in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746843/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-bismuth-subgallate-on-wound-healing-in-rats-histological-findings
#4
Rafaela Mabile Ferreira Dos Santos, Claudia Paraguaçu Pupo Sampaio, Daniela Pache de Moraes, Rubianne Ligório de Lima
Introduction Bismuth subgallate (BS) is a yellow and odorless powder that has hemostatic astringent properties. Some otorhinolaryngologists and dentists currently use this substance to enhance wound healing. Objective The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of bismuth subgallate on wound healing, through the analysis of inflammatory process, collagen production, and angiogenesis. Method A standard wound was made on the back of 60 male Wistar rats, using a biopsy punch. We created two groups: the experimental group, which underwent daily application of 0...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746842/curcumin-reduces-the-noise-exposed-cochlear-fibroblasts-apoptosis
#5
Tengku Siti Hajar Haryuna, Wibi Riawan, Ardyansyah Nasution, Suprapto Ma'at, Juliandi Harahap, Indri Adriztina
Introduction The structural changes underlying permanent noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) include loss of the sensory hair cells, damage to their stereocilia, and supporting tissues within the cochlear lateral wall. Objective The objective of this study is to demonstrate curcumin as a safe and effective therapeutic agent in the prevention and treatment for fibroblasts damage within the cochlear supporting tissues and lateral wall through cell death pathway. Methods We divided 24 Rattus norvegicus into 4 groups, Group 1: control; Group 2: noise (+); Group 3: noise (+), 50 mg/day curcumin (+); Group 4: noise (+), 100 mg/day curcumin (+)...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746841/granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-production-and-tissue-eosinophilia-in-chronic-rhinitis
#6
Aleksandar Peric, Cveta Spadijer-Mirkovic, Svjetlana Matkovic-Jozin, Ljiljana Jovancevic, Danilo Vojvodic
Introduction Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a strong proinflammatory cytokine that takes part in allergic nasal inflammation as an eosinophil colony-stimulating factor. However, the role of GM-CSF in non-allergic rhinitis has not been fully explored. Objectives The aim of this investigation was to assess the concentration of GM-CSF in nasal secretions of patients with non-allergic rhinitis with eosinophilia syndrome (NARES) in comparison to patients with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) and healthy subjects, as well as to assess the relationship with the degree of eosinophilic inflammation and clinical characteristics of the patients...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746840/early-and-delayed-effect-of-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-on-intraocular-pressure
#7
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Mohammad Abdelhady, Hazem Saeed Amer, Manar A Ghali
Introduction Due to the close anatomical relationship between the paranasal sinuses and the orbit, involvement or injury of the orbit from paranasal sinuses procedures may occur. Objectives We aimed to study the early and delayed effect of endoscopic sinus surgery on intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods We included in the study 38 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), undergoing FESS. We performed FESS with the standard anterior to posterior approach. We measured IOP at the same time one day before surgery as well as day 1 and 6 weeks after surgery...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746839/residual-hearing-preservation-with-the-evo%C3%A2-cochlear-implant-electrode-array-preliminary-results
#8
Ricardo Ferreira Bento, Fabiana Danieli, Ana Tereza de Matos Magalhães, Dan Gnansia, Michel Hoen
Introduction The preservation of residual hearing is currently an important challenge for cochlear implant surgeries. Indeed, if patients exhibit functional hearing after cochlear implantation, they can benefit from the combination of acoustical stimulation, usually in the low-frequencies and electrical stimulation in the high-frequencies. This combined mode of stimulation has proven to be beneficial both in terms of speech perception and of sound quality. Finding the right procedures for conducting soft-surgeries and designing electrode arrays dedicated to hearing preservation is an open issue...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746838/-positive-to-negative-dix-hallpike-test-and-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-recurrence-in-elderly-undergoing-canalith-repositioning-maneuver-and-vestibular-rehabilitation
#9
Karyna M O B de Figueiredo Ribeiro, Lidiane Maria de Brito Macedo Ferreira, Raysa Vanessa de Medeiros Freitas, Camila Nicácio da Silva, Nandini Deshpande, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
Introduction Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is the most common cause of dizziness in elderly people. Recent studies have shown that the elderly present higher Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo recurrence and that vertiginous symptomatology remission varies according to comorbidities and the therapeutic techniques applied. Objective To assess the short-term effectiveness of Vestibular Rehabilitation in addition to Canalith Repositioning Maneuver on positive to negative Dix-Hallpike test, on recurrence and number of maneuvers to achieve a negative test in elderly patients with chronic Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746837/the-influence-of-tinnitus-on-the-audiometric-threshold-of-sufferers
#10
Onyinye Ukaegbe, Basil Ezeanolue, Foster Orji
Introduction Tinnitus is a worldwide problem. Objective The objective of this study is to evaluate the audiometric hearing thresholds of adult patients with ongoing tinnitus as their only otological symptom. Methods We evaluated the hearing thresholds of 43 adult patients with ongoing tinnitus and no history of hearing loss from the otolaryngology department of a tertiary health institution at speech and high frequencies. A total of 56 tinnitus ears were compared against 30 contralateral normal ears as well as with the 100 ears of 50 healthy volunteers...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746836/workplace-activity-in-health-professionals-exposed-to-chemotherapy-drugs-an-otoneurological-perspective
#11
Natália Martinez Fernandes, Isadora Gonçalves Pelissari, Licia Assunção Cogo, Valdete Alves Valentins Dos Santos Filha
Introduction The manipulation of antineoplastic drugs presents high risk for accidents and occupational diseases. Objective To evaluate the auditory and vestibular systems of workers who are exposed to chemotherapeutic treatment in the University Hospital of Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil, and to identify the use of individual protection equipment, related to the obtained results. Methods This study is a cross-sectional study using a quantitative method. We evaluate 33 male and female workers, ranging from 21-60 years old, of the nursing and pharmacy sectors...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746835/auditory-temporal-resolution-in-individuals-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#12
Rajkishor Mishra, Himanshu Kumar Sanju, Prawin Kumar
Introduction "Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by elevated blood sugar and abnormalities in insulin secretion and action" (American Diabetes Association). Previous literature has reported connection between diabetes mellitus and hearing impairment. There is a dearth of literature on auditory temporal resolution ability in individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2. Objective The main objective of the present study was to assess auditory temporal resolution ability through GDT (Gap Detection Threshold) in individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2 with high frequency hearing loss...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746834/pitch-and-loudness-tinnitus-in-individuals-with-presbycusis
#13
Bruna Macangnin Seimetz, Adriane Ribeiro Teixeira, Leticia Petersen Schmidt Rosito, Leticia Sousa Flores, Carlos Henrique Pappen, Celso Dall'igna
Introduction Tinnitus is a symptom that is often associated with presbycusis. Objective This study aims to analyze the existence of association among hearing thresholds, pitch, and loudness of tinnitus in individuals with presbycusis, considering the gender variable. Methods Cross-sectional, descriptive, and prospective study, whose sample consisted of individuals with tinnitus and diagnosis of presbycusis. For the evaluation, we performed anamnesis along with otoscopy, pure tone audiometry, and acuphenometry to analyze the psychoacoustic characteristics of tinnitus individuals...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746833/relationship-between-speech-perception-and-level-of-satisfaction-of-hearing-aid-users
#14
Erika Barioni Mantello, Carla Dias da Silva, Eduardo Tanaka Massuda, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Dos Reis
Introduction Hearing difficulties can be minimized by the use of hearing aids. Objective The objective of this study is to assess the speech perception and satisfaction of hearing aids users before and after aid adaptation and to determine whether these measures are correlated. Methods The study was conducted on 65 individuals, 54% females and 46% males aged 63 years on average, after the systematic use of hearing aids for at least three months. We characterized subjectś personal identification data, the degree, and configuration of hearing loss, as well as aspects related to adaptation...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746832/temporal-resolution-and-active-auditory-discrimination-skill-in-vocal-musicians
#15
Prawin Kumar, Himanshu Kumar Sanju, J Nikhil
Introduction Enhanced auditory perception in musicians is likely to result from auditory perceptual learning during several years of training and practice. Many studies have focused on biological processing of auditory stimuli among musicians. However, there is a lack of literature on temporal resolution and active auditory discrimination skills in vocal musicians. Objective The aim of the present study is to assess temporal resolution and active auditory discrimination skill in vocal musicians. Method The study participants included 15 vocal musicians with a minimum professional experience of 5 years of music exposure, within the age range of 20 to 30 years old, as the experimental group, while 15 age-matched non-musicians served as the control group...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746831/comparison-of-pre-attentive-auditory-discrimination-at-gross-and-fine-difference-between-auditory-stimuli
#16
Himanshu Kumar Sanju, Prawin Kumar
Introduction Mismatch Negativity is a negative component of the event-related potential (ERP) elicited by any discriminable changes in auditory stimulation. Objective The present study aimed to assess pre-attentive auditory discrimination skill with fine and gross difference between auditory stimuli. Method Seventeen normal hearing individual participated in the study. To assess pre-attentive auditory discrimination skill with fine difference between auditory stimuli, we recorded mismatch negativity (MMN) with pair of stimuli (pure tones), using /1000 Hz/ and /1010 Hz/ with /1000 Hz/ as frequent stimulus and /1010 Hz/ as infrequent stimulus...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746830/newborn-hearing-screening-in-a-public-maternity-ward-in-curitiba-brazil-determining-factors-for-not-retesting
#17
Idalina Luz, Angela Ribas, Lorena Kozlowski, Mariluci Willig, Ana Paula Berberian
Introduction Law 12.303/10 requires hearing screening in newborns before hospital discharge to detect possible hearing problems within the first three months after birth. If the newborn fails the test or presents signs of risk for hearing loss, it must undergo a retest and monitoring during the first year of life. In practice, this often does not happen. Objective To identify, in a group of mothers of children with risk factors for hearing loss, the determining reasons for non-compliance with the auditory retest...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746829/influence-of-hormonal-changes-on-audiologic-examination-in-normal-ovarian-cycle-females-an-analytic-study
#18
Indri Adriztina, Adlin Adnan, Ichwanul Adenin, Siti Hajar Haryuna, Sorimuda Sarumpaet
Introduction There is only limited information from previous studies that suggest that auditory function may be influenced by hormones. Recent advances in the field have exposed the potential role of hormones in modulating the auditory system. Objective This study aims to investigate the relationship between menstrual cycle and outer hair cell function with audiological examination. Methods This is an analytic study with a cross-sectional design. The sampling was a systematic random sampling. We found 49 women with normal menstrual cycle and collected their data through interviews, physical examination, and examination of the ear, with otoscopic and other routine otorhinolaryngology examinations...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746828/prof-dr-aroldo-miniti-a-great-master
#19
Ricardo Ferreira Bento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413413/high-frequency-audiometry-hearing-on-monitoring-of-individuals-exposed-to-occupational-noise-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Cleonice Aparecida Silva Antonioli, Teresa Maria Momensohn-Santos, Tatiana Aparecida Silva Benaglia
INTRODUCTION: The literature reports on high-frequency audiometry as one of the exams used on hearing monitoring of individuals exposed to high sound pressure in their work environment, due to the method́s greater sensitivity in early identification of hearing loss caused by noise. The frequencies that compose the exam are generally between 9 KHz and 20KHz, depending on the equipment. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to perform a retrospective and secondary systematic revision of publications on high-frequency audiometry on hearing monitoring of individuals exposed to occupational noise...
July 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
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