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International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619111/intratympanic-gentamicin-for-intractable-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-a-review-and-analysis-of-audiovestibular-impact
#1
Sertaç Yetişer
Introduction  Intratympanic gentamicin regulates the symptoms in most patients with incapacitating Ménière's disease. The treatment protocols have changed over the years from medical labyrinthectomy to preservation of vestibular function. Objectives  This study aims to review the audiovestibular response related to the effect of the drug in controlling vertigo. Data Synthesis  Articles were identified by means of a search in the PubMed database using the key words Meniere and intratympanic or transtympanic gentamicin ...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619110/comparison-of-bite-force-with-locking-plates-versus-non-locking-plates-in-the-treatment-of-mandibular-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
José Cristiano Ramos Glória, Ighor Andrade Fernandes, Esmeralda Maria da Silveira, Glaciele Maria de Souza, Ricardo Lopes Rocha, Endi Lanza Galvão, Saulo Gabriel Moreira Falci
Introduction  Mandibular fractures represent a high percentage of all facial fractures, and the bite force is a fundamental parameter to measure the actual mandibular function and, subsequently, the masticatory efficiency and quality of life. Objectives  The purpose of the present systematic review was to verify if there is any difference in the bite forces of patients with mandibular fractures fixed by locking or non-locking plates, testing the null hypothesis of no difference in this parameter. Data Synthesis  A systematic review of the literature was conducted using four databases (PubMed, Virtual Health Library, Web of Science and Science Direct) without restrictions as to publication date or language...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619109/polysomnography-applied-to-patients-with-tinnitus-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Liane Sousa Teixeira, Ronaldo Campos Granjeiro, Carlos Augusto Pires de Oliveira, Fayez Bahamad Júnior
Introduction  Tinnitus has been defined as an "auditory phantom perception," meaning that tinnitus results from an abnormal activity within the nervous system, in the absence of any internal or external acoustic stimulation. About 10 to 15% of the adult population is affected by tinnitus, and a relevant percentage of tinnitus sufferers experience symptoms severe enough to significantly affect quality of life, including sleep disturbances, work impairment, and, in some cases, psychiatric distress...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619108/the-effects-of-experimental-intratympanic-steroid-administration-on-organ-of-corti-type-1-spiral-ganglion
#4
Turgay Topcuoglu, Murat Kocyıgıt, Erdogan Bulut, Safiye G Ortekın, Mehmet Kanter, Recep Yagız
Introduction  It is unclear how effective is the intratympanic (IT) steroid treatment on organ of Corti type 1 spiral ganglion, its optimal dosage and frequency of administration. The effect of dexamethasone on cochlear functions in individuals with a normal hearing ability is also unknown. Objective  The aim of this study was to evaluate, at the electrophysiological and ultrastructural levels, the effect of IT dexamethasone administration in guinea pigs with normal hearing on organ of Corti type 1 spiral ganglion...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619107/unusual-presentation-of-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-metastasis
#5
Haissan Iftikhar, Mubasher Ikram, Adnan Yar Muhammad, Karim Rizwan Nathani
Introduction  The rates of thyroid cancers are on a rise, especially well-differentiated thyroid cancers. This could be partly due to newer diagnostic modalities, like high-resolution ultrasound, that can pick up smaller lesions. Differentiated thyroid cancers with distant metastases are not common, and even rarer is the initial presentation with complaints not related to the neck. Objectives  The objective of this series was to study and report the unusual cases of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer with distant metastasis...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619106/an-analysis-of-anatomic-variations-of-the-sphenoid-sinus-and-its-relationship-to-the-internal-carotid-artery
#6
Myrian Marajó Dal Secchi, Ricardo Landini Lutaif Dolci, Reginaldo Teixeira, Paulo Roberto Lazarini
Introduction  The sphenoid sinus (SS) has a high variability; its anatomical relations and variations must be well understood prior to the expanded endoscopic surgery (EES) at the skull base via the endonasal transsphenoidal approach. A feared complication is injury to the internal carotid artery (ICA). Objective  To evaluate the anatomic variations of the SS and its relationship to the ICA using computed tomography (CT). Methods  Cross-sectional retrospective study. Analysis of 90 patients' CT scans on axial, coronal and sagittal planes with 1 mm slices, evaluating lateral and posterior extensions of pneumatization of the SS, deviation of the sphenoid septum, presence of septations and their relationship to the parasellar and paraclival segments of the internal carotid artery (psICA and pcICA, respectively)...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619105/assessment-of-pulmonary-function-before-and-after-sinus-surgery-in-lung-transplant-recipients
#7
Bernardo Faria Ramos, Fábio de Rezende Pinna, Silvia Vidal Campos, José Eduardo Afonso Júnior, Ricardo Henrique de Oliveira Braga Teixeira, Rafael Medeiros Carraro, Richard Louis Voegels
Introduction  The association between sinus and lung diseases is well known. However, there are scarce studies regarding the effects of sinus surgery on pulmonary function in lung transplant recipients. The present study describes our experience with sinus surgery in lung transplant recipients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Objectives  To assess the impact of sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis on pulmonary function and on inpatient hospitalization days due to lower respiratory tract infection in lung transplant recipients...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619104/the-role-of-the-level-of-interleukin-33-in-the-therapeutic-outcomes-of-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis
#8
Wail Fayez Nasr, Samir Sorour Sorour, Atef Taha El Bahrawy, Ghada Samir Boghdadi, Alia A El Shahaway
Introduction  Allergic rhinitis (AR) affects up to 40% of the population and results in nasal itching, congestion, sneezing, and clear rhinorrhea. Objectives  This study aimed to evaluate the changes in the clinical symptoms and in the level of serum interleukin (IL)-33 before and after pollen immunotherapy (IT) in patients with AR. Methods  The total symptom score and the levels of total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IL-33 were determined in the serum of 10 non-allergic healthy controls and 45 patients with AR who were equally divided into 3 groups: GI (patients did not receive IT), GII (patients had received IT for 6 months) and GIII (patients had received IT for 2 years)...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619103/ent-foreign-bodies-an-experience
#9
Al Hussein Awad, Mostafa ElTaher
Introduction  Ear, nose and throat (ENT) foreign bodies (FBs) are common occurrences, particularly among children. The proper recognition, study, and management of FBs are required to prevent complications. Their consequences are greatly variable, from mild disturbances that may not require hospitalization up to life-threatening complications. Objective  To analyze the clinical spectrum of ENT FBs, the methods of removal, the outcomes and complications as seen in a tertiary referral hospital. Methods  This hospital-based cross-sectional retrospective study was performed from July 2014 to June 2016...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619102/dynamic-slow-motion-video-endoscopy-as-an-adjunct-to-impedance-audiometry-in-the-assessment-of-eustachian-tube-function
#10
Sanoop E Sanu, Shilpa Divakaran, Sabarinath Vijayakumar, Sunil Kumar Saxena, Arun Alexander, Suryanarayanan Gopalakrishnan
Introduction  Eustachian tube (ET) dysfunction plays an important role not only in the pathophysiology of various middle ear disorders, but also in predicting the outcome of the treatment. As there is no single test that assesses both the anatomic and physiological functions of the ET, a combination of tympanometry and dynamic slow motion video endoscopy may improve the sensitivity of ET function assessment. Objective  To find out if there is any correlation between dynamic slow motion nasal video endoscopy and impedance audiometry in assessing ET function in patients with middle ear diseases...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619101/frequency-of-cervical-nodal-metastasis-in-early-stage-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tongue
#11
Sadaf Qadeer Ahmed, Montasir Junaid, Sohail Awan, Maliha Kazi, Hareem Usman Khan, Sohail Halim
Introduction  Oral cavity carcinoma is an aggressive tumor, with the tongue being one of the most common subsites of involvement. Surgery is a gold standard method of dealing with advanced-stage tumors. However, for early-stage carcinomas of the tongue, the management remains controversial. Several studies have indicated that early-stage cancers have a high chance of occult cervical node metastasis, which, if left untreated, can greatly affect the prognosis. Certain parameters can help identify patients with occult cervical node metastases, and can avoid unnecessary neck dissection in node negative patients...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619100/comparative-study-between-peristomal-patches-in-patients-with-definitive-tracheostomy
#12
Liset Lansaat, Bertram de Kleijn, Frans Hilgers, Bernard van der Laan, Michiel van den Brekel
Introduction  To prevent or diminish pulmonary problems in laryngectomized patients, continuous use of a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) is recommended. Therefore, automatic speaking valves are also often combined with an HME to enable hands-free speech. In order to keep these devices in place, most commonly, peristomal patches are used. Objective  This prospective clinical 2 × 2 crossover study aims at assessing the added value of a new patch for HME application, the Provox StabiliBase OptiDerm (SBO)...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619099/the-impact-of-deep-brain-stimulation-on-the-quality-of-life-and-swallowing-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Maira Rozenfel Olchik, Marciéle Ghisi, Annelise Ayres, Arthur Francisco Shumacher Schuh, Paulo Petry Oppitz, Carlos Roberto de Mello Rieder
Introduction  Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is little evidence regarding the effect of DBS on dysphagia. Objective  To assess the swallowing and quality of life of individuals with PD before and after DBS surgery. Methods  Our sample consisted of people who had undergone DBS surgery in a referral hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of PD and having undergone DBS surgery. A cognitive screening, through a questionnaire about depression and quality of life, was conducted...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619098/short-term-audiological-results-of-diode-laser-in-comparison-with-manual-perforation-in-stapes-surgery
#14
Rogerio Hamerschmidt, Stephanie Sbizera Saab, Bettina Carvalho, Carolina do Carmo
Introduction  Diode laser is a new alternative in stapes surgery for otosclerosis. The present study is the first to compare the short-term results of the surgery performed using diode laser to those obtained through the conventional fenestration technique. Objective  To use audiometry to establish a comparative analysis between the functional results obtained through surgery for otosclerosis using diode laser and the conventional technique. Method  Audiometric evaluation of 12 patients submitted to stapes surgery for otosclerosis, using diode laser or conventional fenestration by needle and drills, between 2014 and 2015...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619097/pitch-matching-accuracy-and-temporal-auditory-processing
#15
Congeta Bruniere Xavier Fadel, Angela Ribas, Débora Lüders, Vinicius Ribas Fonseca, Monica Nunes Lima Cat
Introduction  Pitch-matching refers to the ability to vocally reproduce an acoustic model in a corresponding tone to the presented sound. This ability, which is dependent on pitch perception ability, can vary among individuals, and some are not able to sing in the correct tune or discriminate differences between tones. Objective  To correlate pitch-matching accuracy and auditory processing in individuals without musical training. Methods  A Pitch-Matching Test (vocal reproduction of synthesized and human voice sounds) and two commercially available tests of auditory temporal processing (the Pitch Pattern Sequence Test and the Random Gap Detection Test) were administered to all participants...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619096/development-and-administration-of-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-questionnaire-12-comq-12-and-chronic-otitis-media-outcome-test-15-comot-15-in-kannada
#16
Prashanth Prabhu, Anusha Chandrashekar, Anita Jose, Aishwarya Ganeshan, Lavanya Kiruthika
Introduction  It is essential to determine the quality of life among individuals with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). However, there is limited literature on health-related quality of life measurements in Kannada-speaking individuals with CSOM. Objectives  The present study attempted to translate and validate Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media Questionnaire-12 (COMQ-12) and Chronic Otitis Media Outcome Test-15 (COMOT-15) in Kannada. Method  The English questionnaires were translated and back-translated, and they were later verified for content validity...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619095/platelet-rich-plasma-in-reconstruction-of-posterior-meatal-wall-after-canal-wall-down-mastoidectomy
#17
Mohammad El-Sayed Abd Elbary, Wail Fayez Nasr, Samir Sorour Sorour
Introduction  Canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy has many drawbacks, including chronic otorrhea not responding to medications, granulations, dizziness on exposure to cold or hot water, and tendency of debris accumulation in the mastoid cavity, demanding periodic cleaning. Many of these problems can be solved by reconstruction of the posterior meatal wall (PMW). Objectives  To assess the results of PMW reconstruction after CWD mastoidectomy for cholesteatoma using titanium mesh and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) mixed with bone pate...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379574/speech-evoked-brainstem-auditory-responses-and-auditory-processing-skills-a-correlation-in-adults-with-hearing-loss
#18
Taissane Rodrigues Sanguebuche, Bruna Pias Peixe, Rúbia Soares Bruno, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio, Michele Vargas Garcia
Introduction  The auditory system consists of sensory structures and central connections. The evaluation of the auditory pathway at a central level can be performed through behavioral and electrophysiological tests, because they are complementary to each other and provide important information about comprehension. Objective  To correlate the findings of speech brainstem-evoked response audiometry with the behavioral tests Random Gap Detection Test and Masking Level Difference in adults with hearing loss...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379573/the-effects-of-yoga-in-patients-suffering-from-subjective-tinnitus
#19
Sümbüle Köksoy, Can Mehmet Eti, Meltem Karataş, Yusuf Vayisoglu
Introduction  Tinnitus is a perception of sound in the absence of an external source and it is a distressing issue. Yoga is a system of mind-body practices with the goal of uniting the body, mind and soul. It has been shown to reduce anxiety and stress, as well as improving the quality of life. Objective  The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of yoga in patients suffering from chronic subjective tinnitus. Methods  Twelve subjects previously diagnosed with chronic subjective tinnitus were selected for the study...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371905/clinical-features-and-treatment-of-fibrous-histiocytomas-of-the-tongue-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Austin Nguyen, Adam Vaudreuil, Paul Haun, Gabriel Caponetti, Christopher Huerter
Introduction  Benign fibrous histiocytomas are common lesions of the skin that rarely affect the tongue. Such cases are available in the literature exclusively as case reports. Similarly, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, now classified as undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, is exceedingly rare in the tongue and not fully understood. Objectives  This study systematically reviews the available literature discussing the clinical and pathological features of malignant and benign fibrous histiocytomas. Data Synthesis  A total of 20 cases were included in this review...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
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