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International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050216/cochlear-implantation-through-the-middle-fossa-approach-a-review-of-related-temporal-bone-studies-and-reported-cases
#1
REVIEW
Juan Carlos Cisneros Lesser, Rubens Vuono de Brito Neto, Graziela de Souza Queiroz Martins, Ricardo Ferreira Bento
Introduction Middle fossa approach has been suggested as an alternative for patients in whom other routes of electrode insertion are contraindicated. Even though there are temporal bone studies about the feasibility of introducing the cochlear implant through the middle fossa, until now, very few studies have described results when cochlear implant surgery is done through this approach. Objective The objective of this study is to review a series of temporal bone studies related to cochlear implantation through the middle fossa and the results obtained by different surgical groups after cochlear implantation through this approach...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050215/rhinoplasty-complications-and-reoperations-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Paulo Fernando Tormin Borges Crosara, Flávio Barbosa Nunes, Danilo Santana Rodrigues, Ana Rosa Pimentel Figueiredo, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker, Celso Goncalves Becker, Roberto Eustáquio Santos Guimarães
Introduction This article is related to complications of rhinoplasty and its main causes of reoperations. Objectives The objective of this study is to perform a systematic review of literature on complications in rhinoplasty. Data Synthesis The authors conducted a survey of articles related to key terms in the literature by using three important databases within 11 years, between January 2002 and January 2013. We found 1,271 abstracts and selected 49 articles to this review. Conclusion The main results showed that the number of primary open rhinoplasty was 7902 (89%) and 765 closed (11%) and the percentage of reoperations in primary open complete rhinoplasties was 2...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050214/satisfaction-of-elderly-hearing-aid-users
#3
Lorena Kozlowski, Angela Ribas, Gleide Almeida, Idalina Luz
Introduction The impact of auditory sensory deprivation in the life of an individual is enormous because it not only affects one's ability to properly understand auditory information, but also the way people relate to their environment and their culture. The monitoring of adult and elderly subjects with hearing loss is intended to minimize the difficulties and handicaps that occur as a consequence of this pathology. Objective To evaluate the level of user satisfaction with hearing aids. Methods A clinical and experimental study involving 91 elderly hearing aid users...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050213/auditory-alterations-in-children-infected-by-human-immunodeficiency-virus-verified-through-auditory-processing-test
#4
Ana Carla Leite Romero, Lívia Marangoni Alfaya, Alina Sanches Gonçales, Ana Claudia Figueiredo Frizzo, Myriam de Lima Isaac
Introduction The auditory system of HIV-positive children may have deficits at various levels, such as the high incidence of problems in the middle ear that can cause hearing loss. Objective The objective of this study is to characterize the development of children infected by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in the Simplified Auditory Processing Test (SAPT) and the Staggered Spondaic Word Test. Methods We performed behavioral tests composed of the Simplified Auditory Processing Test and the Portuguese version of the Staggered Spondaic Word Test (SSW)...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050212/otoneurological-abnormalities-in-patients-with-friedreich-s-ataxia
#5
Bianca Simone Zeigelboim, Juliana Cristina Mesti, Vinicius Ribas Fonseca, João Henrique Faryniuk, Jair Mendes Marques, Rafaella Cardosa Cardoso, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive
Introduction Friedreich's ataxia is a neurodegenerative disease and progressive by nature. It has autosomal recessive inheritance and early onset in most cases. Nystagmus and hearing loss (in some cases) make up some of the common symptoms seen in this disorder. Objective The objective of this study is to examine vestibular disorders in patients with Friedreich ataxia. Methods We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study. We evaluated 30 patients with ages ranging from six to 72 years (mean age of 38...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050211/auditory-processing-assessment-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-an-open-study-examining-methylphenidate-effects
#6
Bianca Pinheiro Lanzetta-Valdo, Giselle Alves de Oliveira, Jane Tagarro Correa Ferreira, Ester Miyuki Nakamura Palacios
Introduction Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can present Auditory Processing (AP) Disorder. Objective The study examined the AP in ADHD children compared with non-ADHD children, and before and after 3 and 6 months of methylphenidate (MPH) treatment in ADHD children. Methods Drug-naive children diagnosed with ADHD combined subtype aging between 7 and 11 years, coming from public and private outpatient service or public and private school, and age-gender-matched non-ADHD children, participated in an open, non-randomized study from February 2013 to December 2013...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050210/tinnitus-in-elderly-individuals-discomfort-and-impact-in-the-quality-of-life
#7
Adriane Ribeiro Teixeira, Leticia Petersen Schmidt Rosito, Andréa Kruger Gonçalves, Michelle Gassen Paulo Nunes, Silvia Dornelles, Maira Rozenfeld Olchik
Introduction Tinnitus is a symptom that affects mainly the elderly and can negatively influence their quality of life. Objective The objective of our study is to evaluate the existence of a relationship between the quality of life and the impact caused by tinnitus in elderly individuals, considering the age and gender variables. Method We conducted a cross-sectional study in elderly people of both genders who participate in the extension activities at the university. The evaluation was composed of anamnesis and WHOQOL-OLD instruments, to evaluate the quality of life, and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) for the evaluation of the tinnitus impact...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050209/adaptation-and-assessment-of-reliability-and-validity-of-the-greek-version-of-the-ohkuma-questionnaire-for-dysphagia-screening
#8
Soultana L Papadopoulou, Georgios Exarchakos, Dimitrios Christodoulou, Stavroula Theodorou, Alexandre Beris, Avraam Ploumis
Introduction The Ohkuma questionnaire is a validated screening tool originally used to detect dysphagia among patients hospitalized in Japanese nursing facilities. Objective The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of the Ohkuma questionnaire. Methods Following the steps for cross-cultural adaptation, we delivered the validated Ohkuma questionnaire to 70 patients (53 men, 17 women) who were either suffering from dysphagia or not. All of them completed the questionnaire a second time within a month...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050208/tonic-investigation-concept-of-cervico-vestibular-muscle-afferents
#9
Linda Josephine Dorn, Annabelle Lappat, Winfried Neuhuber, Hans Scherer, Heidi Olze, Matthias Hölzl
Introduction Interdisciplinary research has contributed greatly to an improved understanding of the vestibular system. To date, however, very little research has focused on the vestibular system's somatosensory afferents. To ensure the diagnostic quality of vestibular somatosensory afferent data, especially the extra cranial afferents, stimulation of the vestibular balance system has to be precluded. Objective Sophisticated movements require intra- and extra cranial vestibular receptors. The study's objective is to evaluate an investigation concept for cervico-vestibular afferents with respect to clinical feasibility...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050207/is-there-a-system%C3%A4-c-inflammatory-effect-of-cholesteatoma
#10
M Mustafa Kılıçkaya, Giray Aynali, Mustafa Tuz, Özkan Bagcı
Introduction Inflammation causes squamous epithelial transformation of the mucosa in the middle ear cavity and plays a role in the onset, growth, spread, and recurrence of cholesteatoma. Objectives The objective of this study is to investigate the systemic inflammatory effect in chronic otitis with cholesteatoma. Methods The study included a total of 311 patients comprising 156 patients with a pathology diagnosis of cholesteatoma and a control group of 155 with no active inflammation. The Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) was calculated by dividing the neutrophil value by the lymphocyte value...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050206/thyroid-carcinoma-pattern-presentation-according-to-age
#11
Fábio Muradás Girardi
Introduction Patients with thyroid cancer in different age groups present with different prognosis. Objective The objective of this study is to analyze the clinicopathological pattern of thyroid carcinoma presentation according to age groups. Methods This is a retrospective study. From 2000 to 2010, 623 patients underwent thyroidectomy for cancer in our institution, with 596 enrolled. Patients were divided into groups of 10 years and then in four age subgroups (≤ 24, 25-44, 45-64, and ≥65 years) for statistical analysis...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050205/tracheostomy-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-university-hospital-in-a-developing-country-study
#12
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmad Abdel-Fattah Nofal, Mohammad A El Shawadfy, Ahmed Maaty, Alaa Omar Khazbak
Introduction Tracheostomy is the commonest surgical procedure in intensive care units (ICUs). It not only provides stable airway and facilitates pulmonary toilet and ventilator weaning, but also decreases the direct laryngeal injury of endotracheal intubation, and improves patient comfort and daily living activity. Objective The objective of this study is to assess the incidence, indications, timing, complications (early and late), and the outcome of tracheostomy on patients in the intensive care units (ICU) at a university hospital in a developing country...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050204/emotional-stress-evaluation-of-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#13
Micheli Aparecida Gomes Dos Santos, Tatiana de Cássia Nakano, Felipe Almeida Mendes, Bruno Bernardo Duarte, Silvio Antonio Monteiro Marone
Introduction The scientific literature has shown that the damage caused by sleep fragmentation in people affected by Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) can reflect emotionally, generating not only physical symptoms such as drowsiness and tiredness, but also psychical symptoms, such as stress. Objective This study aimed at comparing symptoms of stress in patients with moderate or severe OSA, before and after two months of treatment (clinical or surgical). Method This isx an Individual, prospective, longitudinal, and interventional study...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050203/role-of-monocyte-count-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-survival-of-oral-cancer-patients
#14
Saurabh Bobdey, Balasubramaniam Ganesh, Prabhashankar Mishra, Aanchal Jain
Introduction Inflammation seems to play a critical role in the development and progression of numerous cancers. Peripheral blood leukocyte count is an easily assessable parameter of systemic inflammatory response. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate whether the pretreatment leukocyte counts can predict the prognosis of patients with oral cavity cancer. Methods Medical records of 471 oral cavity cancer patients diagnosed between January 2007 and December 2008 were retrospectively analyzed...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050202/sialendoscopy-training-presentation-of-a-realistic-model
#15
Gabriela Robaskewicz Pascoto, Aldo Cassol Stamm, Marcos Lyra
Introduction Several surgical training simulators have been created for residents and young surgeons to gain experience with surgical procedures. Laboratory training is fundamental for acquiring familiarity with the techniques of surgery and skill in handing instruments. Objective The aim of this study is to present a novel simulator for training sialendoscopy. Method This realistic simulator was built with a synthetic thermo-retractile, thermo-sensible rubber which, when combined with different polymers, produces more than 30 different formulas...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050201/neck-dissection-technique-commonality-and-variance-a-survey-on-neck-dissection-technique-preferences-among-head-and-neck-oncologic-surgeons-in-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#16
Shirin M Hemmat, Steven J Wang, William R Ryan
Introduction Neck dissection (ND) technique preferences are not well reported. Objective The objective of this study is to educate practitioners and trainees about surgical technique commonality and variance used by head and neck oncologic surgeons when performing a ND. Methods Online survey of surgeon members of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS). Survey investigated respondents' demographic information, degree of surgical experience, ND technique preferences. Results In our study, 283 out of 1,010 (28%) AHNS surgeon members with a mean age of 50...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050200/efficacy-of-carbon-microcoils-in-relieving-cervicogenic-dizziness
#17
Roseli Bittar, Nédison Gomes Paim Alves, César Bertoldo, Cibele Brugnera, Jeanne Oiticica
Introduction Cervical pain contributes to postural deviations and imbalance. Nanotechnology may be used for the treatment of neck pain by fixing to the skin small rounds silicone patches containing double spiral carbon nanotubes arranged in the form of a coil (Helical), which would then relieve dizziness caused by muscular contraction. Objective The objective of this study is to Evaluate pain and dizziness scores before and after Helical patches effect on cervicogenic dizziness treatment. Methods The selected patients should have neck pain arising from muscle contraction with loss of balance or instability lasting more than 90 days and normal electrooculography...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050199/international-archives-of-otorhinolaryngology-20-years-of-excellence
#18
EDITORIAL
Ricardo Ferreira Bento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746846/treatment-and-prognosis-of-facial-palsy-on-ramsay-hunt-syndrome-results-based-on-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
Rafael da Costa Monsanto, Aline Gomes Bittencourt, Natal José Bobato Neto, Silvia Carolina Almeida Beilke, Fabio Tadeu Moura Lorenzetti, Raquel Salomone
Introduction Ramsay Hunt syndrome is the second most common cause of facial palsy. Early and correct treatment should be performed to avoid complications, such as permanent facial nerve dysfunction. Objective The objective of this study is to review the prognosis of the facial palsy on Ramsay Hunt syndrome, considering the different treatments proposed in the literature. Data Synthesis We read the abstract of 78 studies; we selected 31 studies and read them in full. We selected 19 studies for appraisal...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746845/supra-auricular-versus-sinusectomy-approaches-for-preauricular-sinuses
#20
REVIEW
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmed Shaker ElAassar
Introduction Several surgical techniques and modifications have been described to reduce the high recurrence rate after excision of preauricular sinus. Objectives The aim of this study is to review the literature regarding surgical approaches for preauricular sinus. Data Synthesis We performed searches in the LILACS, MEDLINE, SciELO, PubMed databases and Cochrane Library in September, 2015, and the key words used in the search were "preauricular sinus," "sinusectomy," "supra-auricular approach," "methylene blue," and/or "recurrence...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
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