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International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680503/adenomatous-tumors-of-the-middle-ear-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Flavia Amarante Cardoso, Eduardo Machado Rossi Monteiro, Livia Bernardi Lopes, Marianna Novaes da Costa Avila, Bernardo Oliveira Scarioli
Introduction  Neuroendocrine adenomas of the middle ear (NAME) are uncommon causes of middle ear masses. Mostly limited to case reports and small series, the literature is poor in providing an overall assessment of these tumors. Objective  To review the current literature about all aspects of the disease, including its etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment. Data Synthesis  The pathogenesis of adenomatous tumors of the middle ear is not clear yet. One potential explanation is that an undifferentiated pluripotent endodermal stem cell may still be present in the middle ear mucosal surface, and may be the origin of the tumors...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680502/pathophysiology-and-diagnosis-of-vertebrobasilar-insufficiency-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Arlindo Cardoso Lima Neto, Roseli Bittar, Gabriel Scarabotolo Gattas, Edson Bor-Seng-Shu, Marcelo de Lima Oliveira, Rafael da Costa Monsanto, Luis Felipe Bittar
Introduction  Vertebrobasilar insufficiency is defined as transitory ischemia of the vertebrobasilar circulation. Dizziness, vertigo, headaches, vomit, diplopia, blindness, ataxia, imbalance, and weakness in both sides of the body are the most common symptoms. Objective  To review the literature regarding the three available diagnostic testing in patients with dizziness complaints secondary to vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI): magnetic resonance angiography; transcranial Doppler ultrasound; and vertebrobasilar deprivation testing...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680501/methods-of-hearing-preservation-during-cochlear-implantation
#3
REVIEW
Ahmed Khater, Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar
Introduction  Recent advances in surgical techniques and electrode design have made residual hearing preservation during cochlear implantation (CI) possible, achievable, and desirable. Objectives  The objective of this study was to review the literature regarding methods used for hearing preservation during CI surgery. Data Synthesis  We performed a search in the LILACS, MEDLINE, SciELO, PubMed databases, and Cochrane Library, using the keywords CI, hearing preservation, CI electrode design, and CI soft surgery...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680500/treatment-challenges-of-group-a-beta-hemolytic-streptococcal-pharyngo-tonsillitis
#4
REVIEW
Itzhak Brook
Introduction  Despite its in vitro efficacy, penicillin often fails to eradicate Group A β-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS) from patients with acute and relapsing pharyngo-tonsillitis (PT). Objective  This review of the literature details the causes of penicillin failure to eradicate GABHS PT and the therapeutic modalities to reduce and overcome antimicrobial failure. Data Synthesis  The causes of penicillin failure in eradicating GABHS PT include the presence of β lactamase producing bacteria (BLPB) that "protect" GABHS from any penicillin; the absence of bacteria that interfere with the growth of GABHS; co-aggregation between GABHS and Moraxella catarrhalis; and the poor penetration of penicillin into the tonsillar tissues and the tonsillo-pharyngeal cells, which allows intracellular GABHS and Staphylococcus aureus to survive...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680499/a-comparative-study-between-universal-eclectic-septoplasty-technique-and-cottle
#5
Odim Ferreira do Amaral Neto, Flavio Massao Mizoguchi, Renato da Silva Freitas, João Jairney Maniglia, Fábio Fabrício Maniglia, Ricardo Fabrício Maniglia
Introduction  Since the last century surgical correction of nasal septum deviation has been improved. The Universal Eclectic Technique was recently reported and there are still few studies dedicated to address this surgical approach. Objective  The objective of this study is to compare the results of septal deviation correction achieved using the Universal Eclectic Technique (UET) with those obtained through Cottle's Technique. Methods  This is a prospective study with two consecutive case series totaling 90 patients (40 women and 50 men), aged between 18 and 55 years...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680498/impact-of-successful-choanal-atresia-repair-on-the-nasal-mucosa-a-preliminary-study
#6
Ezzeddin Elsheikh, Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Hesham Radwan Abdel-Aziz
Introduction  The main histological features of the nasal mucosa in choanal atresia are distorted cilia, marked increase of mucous submucosal glands associated with marked reduction of goblet cell density, and lymphocytic cellular infiltration. Objective  To study the nasal mucosal changes in cases of choanal atresia after successful repair compared with pre-repair mucosal histological features. Methods  Tissue samples were taken from the inferior turbinate of 3 patients (1 bilateral and 2 unilateral) who were successfully operated...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680497/late-term-effects-of-surgery-on-nasal-functions-in-patients-who-underwent-total-laryngectomy-surgery
#7
Deniz Karaoglu, Murat Kocyigit, Safiye Giran Ortekin, Mustafa Kemal Adali
Introduction  There is a common opinion that losing airway functions in total laryngectomy patients cause changes in nasal physiological rates. Studies conducted to review the subject present gaps, especially in terms of objective measurements. Objective  We evaluated late-term effects of surgery on nasal functions in patients who underwent total laryngectomy surgery more than two years ago. Methods  We included in the study 22 patients who had undergone total laryngectomy, as well as 24 healthy subjects with similar demographic characteristics as the control group...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680496/relationship-of-tumor-thickness-with-neck-node-metastasis-in-buccal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#8
Sadaf Qadeer Ahmed, Montasir Junaid, Sohail Awan, Moaz M Choudhary, Maliha Kazi, Aria Masoom, Hareem Usman Khan
Introduction  Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the head and neck, with the buccal mucosa being the most common site involved. Early locoregional metastasis is a hallmark of this disease, and early stage tumors may harbor metastatic nodes that are occult. Certain parameters can help identify high-risk patients for whom the pattern of occult nodal metastasis can be predicted. Tumor thickness is one such objective parameter. Objective  To determine the relationship of tumor thickness with neck node metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma of the buccal mucosa...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680495/the-temporalis-muscle-flap-for-palate-reconstruction-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Tara Brennan, Tristan M Tham, Peter Costantino
Introduction  The temporalis myofascial (TM) is an important reconstructive flap in palate reconstruction. Past studies have shown the temporalis myofascial flap to be safe as well as effective. Free flap reconstruction of palate defects is also a popular method used by contemporary surgeons. We aim to reaffirm the temporalis myofascial flap as a viable alternative to free flaps for palate reconstruction. Objective  We report our results using the temporalis flap for palate reconstruction in one of the largest case series reported...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680494/the-accuracy-of-digital-radiography-for-diagnosis-of-fishbone-foreign-bodies-in-the-throat
#10
Pornthep Kasemsiri, Kanokkan Mahawerawat, Teeraporn Ratanaanekchai, Warinthorn Puttarak, Waranon Munkong
Introduction  Some patients with a fishbone as a foreign body of difficult diagnosis may require further investigations. Generally, radiography is used as the first choice for finding the fishbone. Objective  The objective of this study is to determine the accuracy of digital radiography for diagnosis of fishbone foreign body in the throat Methods  This descriptive experimental study design has three phases. In the first phase, we assessed subject contrast and visibility of fishbone on a homogeneous background; as for the second phase, we evaluated the embedded fishbone in the fresh cadaver's throat...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680493/study-of-various-prognostic-factors-affecting-successful-myringoplasty-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#11
Kripa Dangol, Rakesh Prasad Shrivastav
Introduction  Myringoplasty is a commonly performed otologic surgery. Objectives  The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of prognostic factors like - size, site of perforation, status of operating ear, approach, status of contralateral ear, experience of surgeon, primary or revision myringoplasty, and smoking in graft uptake, as well as to evaluate the hearing results after myringoplasty. Methods  This is a prospective study. We included in our sample patients aged over 13 years with a Tubotympanic Chronic Otitis Media diagnosis...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680492/effectiveness-of-low-cut-modified-amplification-using-receiver-in-the-canal-hearing-aid-in-individuals-with-auditory-neuropathy-spectrum-disorder
#12
Prashanth Prabhu, Animesh Barman
Introduction  The studies on hearing aid benefit in individuals with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) shows limited benefit. Low cut modified amplification is found to be effective in few individuals with ANSD. With advancement in technology, receiver in the canal (RIC) hearing aids have proven to be more effective than traditional behind the ear (BTE) hearing aids. Objective  Thus, the present study attempts to determine the effectiveness of low cut modified amplification using RIC and BTE...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680491/relation-between-ossicular-erosion-and-destruction-of-facial-and-lateral-semicircular-canals-in-chronic-otitis-media
#13
Suphi Bulğurcu, İlker Burak Arslan, Bünyamin Dikilitaş, İbrahim Çukurova
Introduction  Chronic otitis media can cause multiple middle ear pathogeneses. The surgeon should be aware of relation between ossicular chain erosion and other destructions because of the possibility of complications. Objective  This study aimed to investigate the rates of ossicular erosion in cases of patients with and without facial nerve canal destruction, who had undergone mastoidectomy due to chronic otitis media with or without cholesteatoma. Methods  We retrospectively analyzed three hundred twenty-seven patients who had undergone tympanomastoidectomy between April 2008 and February 2014...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680490/auditory-evoked-potential-mismatch-negativity-in-normal-hearing-adults
#14
Laura Flach Schwade, Dayane Domeneghini Didoné, Pricila Sleifer
Introduction  Mismatch Negativity (MMN) corresponds to a response of the central auditory nervous system. Objective  The objective of this study is to analyze MMN latencies and amplitudes in normal-hearing adults and compare the results between ears, gender and hand dominance. Methods  This is a cross-sectional study. Forty subjects participated, 20 women and 20 men, aged 18 to 29 years and having normal auditory thresholds. A frequency of 1000Hz (standard stimuli) and 2000Hz (deviant stimuli) was used to evoked the MMN...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680489/a-comparative-study-on-hearing-aid-benefits-of-digital-hearing-aid-use-bte-from-six-months-to-two-years
#15
Lukeshwari Verma, Himanshu Kumar Sanju, Bibina Scaria, Mayank Awasthi, Aparna Ravichandran, Ashritha Kaki, Savalam Gnana Rathna Prakash
Introduction  For many reasons, it is important for audiologists and consumers to document improvement and benefit from amplification device at various stages of uses of amplification device. Professional are also interested to see the impact of amplification device on the consumer's auditory performance at different stages i.e. immediately after fitting and over several months of use. Objective  The objective of the study was to measure the hearing aid benefit following 6 months - 1-year usage, 1 year - 1...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680488/sudden-sensorioneural-hearing-loss-and-autoimmune-systemic-diseases
#16
Bruno Almeida Antunes Rossini, Norma de Oliveira Penido, Mario Sergio Lei Munhoz, Eduardo Amaro Bogaz, Renata Souza Curi
Introduction  Several authors have demonstrated the relationship between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and systemic autoimmune diseases (SAD). Immune-mediated SNHL can rarely present as unilateral sudden SNHL and manifests itself in the contralateral ear only after years. It presents clinical relevance for being one of the few SNHL that may be reversible given that early and appropriate treatment is applied. Objective  The objective of this study is to describe the clinical presentations and audiological findings from patients with idiopathic sudden SNHL and SAD associated with a probable diagnosis of immune-mediated SNHL...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680487/auditory-speech-perception-development-in-relation-to-patient-s-age-with-cochlear-implant
#17
Grace Kelly Seixas Ciscare, Erika Barioni Mantello, Carla Aparecida Urzedo Fortunato-Queiroz, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Dos Reis
Introduction  A cochlear implant in adolescent patients with pre-lingual deafness is still a debatable issue. Objective  The objective of this study is to analyze and compare the development of auditory speech perception in children with pre-lingual auditory impairment submitted to cochlear implant, in different age groups in the first year after implantation. Method  This is a retrospective study, documentary research, in which we analyzed 78 reports of children with severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, unilateral cochlear implant users of both sexes...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680486/longitudinal-comparison-of-auditory-steady-state-evoked-potentials-in-preterm-and-term-infants-the-maturation-process
#18
Ana Constantino Sousa, Dayane Domeneghini Didoné, Pricila Sleifer
Introduction  Preterm neonates are at risk of changes in their auditory system development, which explains the need for auditory monitoring of this population. The Auditory Steady-State Response (ASSR) is an objective method that allows obtaining the electrophysiological thresholds with greater applicability in neonatal and pediatric population. Objective  The purpose of this study is to compare the ASSR thresholds in preterm and term infants evaluated during two stages. Method  The study included 63 normal hearing neonates: 33 preterm and 30 term...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680485/top-reviewers-2016
#19
EDITORIAL
Geraldo Pereira Jotz, Aline Gomes Bittencourt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382131/superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence-syndrome-diagnosis-and-surgical-management
#20
Marite Palma Diaz, Juan Carlos Cisneros Lesser, Alfredo Vega Alarcón
Introduction Superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome was described by Minor et al in 1998. It is a troublesome syndrome that results in vertigo and oscillopsia induced by loud sounds or changes in the pressure of the external auditory canal or middle ear. Patients may present with autophony, hyperacusis, pulsatile tinnitus and hearing loss. When symptoms are mild, they are usually managed conservatively, but surgical intervention may be needed for patients with debilitating symptoms. Objective The aim of this manuscript is to review the different surgical techniques used to repair the superior semicircular canal dehiscence...
April 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
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