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International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology

Camila de Castro Corrêa, Luciana Paula Maximino, Silke Anna Theresa Weber
Introduction  Several studies show correlations between congenital toxoplasmosis and hearing loss, with a broad diversity of levels of hearing loss and specifications of hearing disorders. Objective  To describe the studies found in the literature regarding hearing disorders in congenital toxoplasmosis. Data Synthesis  A literature review was conducted on the Lilacs, SciELO, PubMed and Scopus databases by combining the following keywords: congenital toxoplasmosis and hearing . Based on this search strategy, 152 papers were found, the majority published on the Scopus and PubMed databases from 1958 to 2015...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Christopher J Greenlee, Stephen S Newton
Introduction  A majority of otolaryngologists have not had direct experience with many vaccine-preventable diseases since the creation of national vaccination programs. Despite the elimination of endemic transmission of some of these diseases in the United States, outbreaks can occur anywhere and still pose a threat to public health around the world. Recent outbreaks and changing trends in exemption rates indicate that it is important for physicians to maintain a working knowledge of how these diseases present and of the recommended treatment guidelines...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Liane Sousa Teixeira, Isabelle Braz de Oliveira Silva, Andre Luiz Lopes Sampaio, Carlos Augusto Pires de Oliveira, Fayez Bahamad Júnior
Introduction  Acromegaly is a chronic disease caused by growth hormone (GH) excess due to a GH-secreting pituitary adenoma in most cases. There is reasonable data to presume the possible influence of chronic GH and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) hyperproduction on the anatomical structures involved in normal sound perception, and on its conductive and/or sensorineural part. Objectives  To review the literature about acromegaly and hearing loss. Data Synthesis  A systematic literature search was performed using the MEDLINE database, including hand-searching reference lists from original articles...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Elaine Cristina Pires Buzaneli, Marcia Simões Zenari, Marco Aurélio Vamondes Kulcsar, Rogerio A Dedivitis, Cláudio Roberto Cernea, Kátia Nemr
Introduction  Supracricoid laryngectomy still has selected indications; there are few studies in the literature, and the case series are limited, a fact that stimulates the development of new studies to further elucidate the structural and functional aspects of the procedure. Objective  To assess voice and deglutition parameters according to the number of preserved arytenoids. Methods  Eleven patients who underwent subtotal laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy were evaluated by laryngeal nasofibroscopy, videofluoroscopy, and auditory-perceptual, acoustic, and voice pleasantness analyses, after resuming oral feeding...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Raja Kalaiarasi, Venkataramanan Ramakrishnan, Santhosh Poyyamoli
Introduction  A pneumatized turbinate, also called concha bullosa, is a normal anatomical variant of the paranasal sinus region. Depending on the site of pneumatization, the concha is classified into extensive, bulbous or lamellar type. The middle turbinate concha bullosa has been implicated as a possible etiological factor in chronic sinusitis. Objectives  The aim of this study was to investigate the anatomical variations of the concha bullosa, based on paranasal sinus imaging, and its possible association with sinusitis...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Ana Carolina Marcotti Dias, Marcelo Yugi Doi, Arthur Eumann Mesas, Michelle Moreira Abujamra Fillis, Fatima Cristina Alves Branco-Barreiro, Luciana Lozza de Moraes Marchiori
Introduction  Functional disorders of the craniocervical region affect 77.78% of Brazilian teachers. Among the most common instruments used to assess craniocervical disorders in a detailed and objective way, none had been translated to Brazilian Portuguese and adapted to Brazilian culture. Objectives  To translate to Brazilian Portuguese and to culturally adapt the Craniocervical Dysfunction Index (CDI). Method  The first phase of the study consisted of the translation, synthesis, back-translation, and review of the contents by a committee of experts, who developed a trial version and sent all the steps to the original author...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Konstantinos Valsamidis, Konstantinos Titelis, Dimitrios Rachovitsas, Iordanis Konstantinidis, Konstantinos Markou, Stefanos Triaridis
Introduction  Nasal septoplasty is considered the treatment of choice for nasal obstruction due to septal deviation. An ongoing discussion among rhinologists is whether it is reasonable to perform objective measurements of nasal patency pre or postoperatively routinely. Objective  The primary aim of this study was to identify the short- and long-term functional benefits for patients undergoing septal surgery, as assessed by acoustic rhinometry (AR). The secondary goal was to evaluate the short- and long-term perception of symptom relief and disease-specific quality of life (QoL) outcomes on the part of the patients...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Fernando Cesar Mariano, Rogerio Hamerschmidt, Caio Marcio Correa Soares, Ana Tereza Moreira
Introduction  Nasal obstruction is a common complaint, and, for some, the middle turbinate resection is still a controversial issue among the surgical options due to the possibility of deleterious effects on olfaction. The University of Pennsylvania smell identification test (UPSIT) is considered the gold standard of smell identification tests, but data about it is still incipient in Brazil. Objective  To evaluate if the middle turbinectomy has any repercussion on the sense of olfaction by using the UPSIT as an assessment tool...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Gustavo Polacow Korn, Sung Woo Park, Antonio Augusto de Lima Pontes, Paulo Pontes
Introduction  Many recent studies on teachers warn of the adverse effects that voice problems have on work performance. However, only a few of these studies included university teachers. Objective  To compare the vocal symptoms and risk factors between male and female university teachers in a private institution within the city of São Paulo. Methods  In a cross-sectional survey, a voice self-evaluation form prepared by the Ministry of Labor in Brazil was administered to 846 university teachers at a private institution in the city of São Paulo...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Abd Alzaher Tantawy, Sherif Mohammad Askar, Hazem Saeed Amer, Ali Awad, Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar
Introduction  Since oropharyngeal surgery alone is often insufficient to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), advances have been developed in hypopharyngeal surgery. Objective  To assess hyoid suspension surgery as part of a multilevel OSA surgery, also including palatal surgery. Methods  The study included patients with OSA symptoms with apnea hypopnea index (AHI) > 15. They were scheduled for hyoid suspension after a nasoendoscopy during Müller maneuver and drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE)...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Gabriela Pereira Bom Braga, Eloisa Gebrim, Ramya Balachandran, Jack Noble, Robert Labadie, Ricardo Ferreira Bento
Introduction  The literature shows that there are anatomical changes on the temporal bone anatomy during the first four years of life in children. Therefore, we decided to evaluate the temporal bone anatomy regarding the cochlear implant surgery in stillbirths between 32 and 40 weeks of gestational age using computed tomography to simulate the trajectory of the drill to the scala timpani avoiding vital structures. Objectives  To measure the distances of the simulated trajectory to the facial recess, cochlea, ossicular chain and tympanic membrane, while performing the minimally invasive cochlear implant technique, using the Improvise imaging software (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, US)...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Azhar Jan Battoo, Altaf Gauhar Haji, Zahoor Ahmad Sheikh, Krishnakumar Thankappan, Wahid Abdul Mir
Introduction  There is difference of opinion about the placement of the drain in thyroid surgeries, and, to the best of our knowledge, the efficacy of drainless total thyroidectomy regarding various parameters of thyroid lesions has not been well-established. Objective  To report our experience with drainless total thyroidectomy, and to define an appropriate patient population for its performance. Methods  This is a retrospective case analysis of the patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for intrathyroidal lesions with or without central neck dissection in a tertiary referral hospital (number = 74)...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Haissan Iftikhar, Mubasher Ikram, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Adnan Yar Muhammad
Introduction  Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) is the most common congenital anomaly of the neck, and approximately 7% of all the adult population presents it. Ectopic thyroid tissue is found in the thyroglossal duct cyst wall in up to 65% of cases. This thyroid tissue has the potential to develop some type of malignancy, the most common of which is the papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. There are just over 270 cases of thyroglossal duct cyst malignancy reported in the literature. Objectives  We aimed to study our population of patients in order to identify cases with thyroglossal duct cyst malignancy...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Zhaobo Liu, Mohd Afiq Mohd Slim, Catherine Scally
Introduction  Patients presenting with otitis externa are a common thing in otolaryngology units. However, the practice has not been standardized due to a lack of consensus over the management of this condition in secondary care. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline has been published targeting the general practitioners, but it may be relevant in cases of hospital first-time attenders. Objective  To conduct an audit of the investigative and prescription practice for hospital first-time attenders in our department against the NICE guideline for otitis externa...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Ahmed Khater, Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmad Abdel-Fattah Nofal, Atef Taha Elbahrawy
Introduction  Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) is hearing loss of at least 30 dB in at least 3 contiguous frequencies within at least 72 hours. There are many different theories to explain it, and many different modalities are used for its management, such as: systemic steroids (SSs), intratympanic steroid injection (ITSI), hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HOT), antiviral drugs, and vasodilators or vasoactive substances. Objectives  This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of the combination of the most common treatment modalities of ISSNHL and to compare the results if HOT was not one of the treatment modalities administered...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Bruna Pias Peixe, Débora Durigon da Silva, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio, Rúbia Soares Bruno, Taissane Rodrigues Sanguebuche, Michele Vargas Garcia
Introduction  The use of the speech-evoked auditory brainstem response (ABR) shows how the brainstem operates up to the subcortex in a more complex manner than when the click-evoked ABR is used. Objective  To study the applicability of the speech-evoked ABR in adults with hearing loss. Methods  The sample was composed of a study group of 11 subjects, with ages ranging between 18 and 59 years, and auditory thresholds within normal standards, with loss of up to 65 dB at high frequencies or up to moderately severe symmetric sensorineural hearing loss...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Lucas Resende Lucinda, Daniela Dranka Cristoff, Luiz Otávio De Mattos Coelho, Otávio Pereira Lima Zanini, Rita De Cassia Cassou Guimarães
Introduction  The etiology of Ménière disease (MD), a difficult-to-treat condition with great morbidity, remains controversial in the literature. The possible clinical and diagnostic impact of anatomical variations of the temporal bone among patients with MD has been recently studied. Objective  To identify anatomical variations of the temporal bone associated with the diagnosis of MD. Methods  Thirty-seven patients were included, although each ear was considered separately ( n  = 74). A case group ( n A = 33) was composed of the affected ears of patients with definite MD and a control group ( n B = 41) was used consisting of the ears of individuals who did not meet the criteria for MD and of the contralateral ears from patients with unilateral disease...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Bruno Francisco de Fraga, Sheila Tamanini de Almeida, Márcia Grassi Santana, Mauriceia Cassol
Introduction  Dysphagia causes changes in the laryngeal and stomatognathic structures; however, the use of vocal exercises is poorly described. Objective  To verify whether the therapy consisting of myofunctional exercises associated with vocal exercises is more effective in rehabilitating deglutition in stroke patients. Methods  This is a pilot study made up of two distinct groups: a control group, which performed only myofunctional exercises, and an experimental group, which performed myofunctional and vocal exercises...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Onur İsmi, Veli Yildirim, Yusuf Vayisoglu, Anis Togrul, Fevziye Toros, Murat Unal
Introduction  There has been a sudden idiopathic hearing loss case presented after methylphenidate treatment in a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Objective  This study was performed to reveal the probable ototoxic side effects of methylphenidate use in patients with ADHD. Methods  Thirty pediatric patients with ADHD were included in the study. Pure tone audiometry, speech discrimination scores, waves I, III, V absolute latencies and waves I-III, I-V, III-V interpeak latencies at the 80 dB nHL intensity after click stimulus auditory brainstem response (ABR) results were compared before and 3 months after methylphenidate treatment...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Daniel J Pender
Introduction  Grossly displaced membranes are characteristic of endolymphatic hydrops. The process whereby physiological membrane displacement becomes pathological may be mediated by stress, but the membrane biomechanics underlying this transition are unclear. Objective  This study seeks to determine the role of suspensory tethers during pressure-induced membrane displacement in the generation of the membranous lesions seen in this disease entity using a biomechanical model approach. Methods  The location of membrane suspensory tethers was identified histologically...
July 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
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