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International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379574/speech-evoked-brainstem-auditory-responses-and-auditory-processing-skills-a-correlation-in-adults-with-hearing-loss
#1
Taissane Rodrigues Sanguebuche, Bruna Pias Peixe, Rúbia Soares Bruno, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio, Michele Vargas Garcia
Introduction  The auditory system consists of sensory structures and central connections. The evaluation of the auditory pathway at a central level can be performed through behavioral and electrophysiological tests, because they are complementary to each other and provide important information about comprehension. Objective  To correlate the findings of speech brainstem-evoked response audiometry with the behavioral tests Random Gap Detection Test and Masking Level Difference in adults with hearing loss...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379573/the-effects-of-yoga-in-patients-suffering-from-subjective-tinnitus
#2
Sümbüle Köksoy, Can Mehmet Eti, Meltem Karataş, Yusuf Vayisoglu
Introduction  Tinnitus is a perception of sound in the absence of an external source and it is a distressing issue. Yoga is a system of mind-body practices with the goal of uniting the body, mind and soul. It has been shown to reduce anxiety and stress, as well as improving the quality of life. Objective  The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of yoga in patients suffering from chronic subjective tinnitus. Methods  Twelve subjects previously diagnosed with chronic subjective tinnitus were selected for the study...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371905/clinical-features-and-treatment-of-fibrous-histiocytomas-of-the-tongue-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Austin Nguyen, Adam Vaudreuil, Paul Haun, Gabriel Caponetti, Christopher Huerter
Introduction  Benign fibrous histiocytomas are common lesions of the skin that rarely affect the tongue. Such cases are available in the literature exclusively as case reports. Similarly, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, now classified as undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, is exceedingly rare in the tongue and not fully understood. Objectives  This study systematically reviews the available literature discussing the clinical and pathological features of malignant and benign fibrous histiocytomas. Data Synthesis  A total of 20 cases were included in this review...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371904/computer-based-auditory-training-programs-for-children-with-hearing-impairment-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Manohar Nanjundaswamy, Prashanth Prabhu, Revathi Kittur Rajanna, Raghavendra Gulaganji Ningegowda, Madhuri Sharma
Introduction  Communication breakdown, a consequence of hearing impairment (HI), is being fought by fitting amplification devices and providing auditory training since the inception of audiology. The advances in both audiology and rehabilitation programs have led to the advent of computer-based auditory training programs (CBATPs). Objective  To review the existing literature documenting the evidence-based CBATPs for children with HIs. Since there was only one such article, we also chose to review the commercially available CBATPs for children with HI...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371903/tobacco-influence-on-taste-and-smell-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Allessandra Fraga Da Ré, Léia Gonçalves Gurgel, Gabriela Buffon, Weluma Evelyn Rodrigues Moura, Deisi Cristina Gollo Marques Vidor, Márcia Angelica Peter Maahs
Introduction  In Brazil, estimates show that 14.7% of the adult population smokes, and changes in smell and taste arising from tobacco consumption are largely present in this population, which is an aggravating factor to these dysfunctions. Objectives  The objective of this study is to systematically review the findings in the literature about the influence of smoking on smell and taste. Data Synthesis  Our research covered articles published from January 1980 to August 2014 in the following databases: MEDLINE (accessed through PubMed), LILACS, Cochrane Library, and SciELO...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371902/tomographical-findings-in-adult-patients-undergoing-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-revision
#6
Jan Alessandro Socher, Jonas Mello, Barbara Batista Baltha
Introduction  Many patients undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery still have an uncontrolled clinical disease in the late post-operative period. Up to 11.4% of the patients will require a revision surgery. Findings such as the residual uncinated process and the lateralization of the middle turbinate were considered by some studies as being responsible for failure in the primary surgery. Objectives  To describe the tomographical findings in adult patients undergoing revision endoscopic sinus surgery, the profile of those patients, and verify the mucosal thickening level of the paranasal sinus...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371901/modified-in-office-maxillary-balloon-sinus-dilation-for-post-procedure-sinus-monitoring-and-access
#7
Gary J Nishioka
Introduction  As experience grows with in-office balloon sinus dilation (BSD) procedures, technique modifications will evolve to meet specific needs. The major disadvantage with the maxillary BSD procedure is that the intact uncinate process prevents visualization of and instrument access into the maxillary sinus both intraoperatively and postoperatively. Combining a partial or complete uncinectomy procedure with maxillary BSD could be beneficial in selected patients with certain maxillary sinus problems...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371900/development-and-evaluation-of-a-blog-about-cleft-lip-and-cleft-palate-and-hearing
#8
Luciana Paula Maximino, Ticiana Cristina de Freitas Zambonato, Mirela Machado Picolini-Pereira, Camila de Castro Corrêa, Mariza Ribeiro Feniman, Wanderléia Quinhoneiro Blasca
Introduction  Cleft lip and cleft palate can result in impairments in communication, specifically in hearing, making the use of technological resources such as blogs a fundamental guideline for health professionals. Objective  The aim of this study was to prepare and analyze the access to a blog about cleft lip and cleft palate and hearing as a pedagogical tool for health professionals. Methods  The first stage for the development of the blog was the selection of the content that would be addressed and the respective illustrations...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371899/adenotonsillar-hypertrophy-in-pre-school-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-sleep-disturbance-scale-for-children
#9
Carlos Rodolfo Tavares de Góis, Jeferson Sampaio D'Ávila, Rosana Cipolotti, Amanda da Silva Lira, Ana Letícia Leite Silva
Introduction  Adenotonsillar hypertrophy is more common in children with sickle cell disease, and can lead to sleep-disordered breathing. Objectives  To determine the frequency of adenotonsillar hypertrophy in pre-school children with sickle cell disease and assess the diagnostic accuracy of the sleep-disordered breathing subscale in the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children. Method  Observational study with a group of 48 children with sickle cell disease and a control group of 35 children without the disease...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371898/microbiology-of-tracheal-secretions-what-to-expect-with-children-and-adolescents-with-tracheostomies
#10
Mikhael R El Cheikh, Juliane M Barbosa, Juliana A S Caixêta, Melissa A G Avelino
Introduction  People with tracheostomies exhibit a higher risk of colonization of the lower respiratory tract, acute tracheitis and pneumonia. Despite this, the culture of tracheal secretions is not a routine in most hospitals, and sometimes empiric therapy is based on personal experience, which is not an ideal situation. Objective  To recognize the pathogens present in the tracheal secretions collected from people up to 18 years old with tracheostomies. Methods  Prospective evaluation of patients under the age of 18 of a tertiary care hospital...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371897/does-body-mass-index-interfere-in-the-formation-of-speech-formants
#11
Patricia Barbarini Takaki, Marilena Manno Vieira, Angelica Veiga Said, Silvana Bommarito
Introduction  Studies in the fields of voice and speech have increasingly focused on the vocal tract and the importance of its structural integrity, and changes in the anatomy and configuration of the vocal tract determine the variations in phonatory and acoustic measurements, especially in the formation of the formants (Fs). Recent studies have revealed the functional consequences arising from being overweight and having an accumulation of fat in the pharyngeal region, including obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and impacts on the voice...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371896/the-effects-of-prognostic-factors-in-idiopathic-sudden-hearing-loss
#12
Suphi Bulğurcu, Behçet Şahin, Gökhan Akgül, İlker Burak Arslan, İbrahim Çukurova
Introduction  Sudden hearing loss is one of the otologic emergencies. The treatment of this disease is affected negatively by some prognostic factors. Objective  In this study, the effects of early treatment initiation in patients with idiopathic sudden hearing loss and of prognostic factors in early treated patients were investigated. Methods  Out of the 216 patients admitted between September 2007 and September 2015, 154 were identified as having idiopathic sudden hearing loss; they were followed-up for a mean time of 7...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371895/computerized-auditory-training-in-students-electrophysiological-and-subjective-analysis-of-therapeutic-effectiveness
#13
Ândrea de Melo, Carolina Lisbôa Mezzomo, Michele Vargas Garcia, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio
Introduction  Computerized auditory training (CAT) has been building a good reputation in the stimulation of auditory abilities in cases of auditory processing disorder (APD). Objective  To measure the effects of CAT in students with APD, with typical or atypical phonological acquisition, through electrophysiological and subjective measures, correlating them pre- and post-therapy. Methods  The sample for this study includes14 children with APD, subdivided into children with APD and typical phonological acquisition (G1), and children with APD and atypical phonological acquisition (G2)...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371894/the-effect-of-the-cholesterol-levels-on-noise-induced-hearing-loss
#14
Mehmet Gokhan Demir, Sedat Aydin
Introduction  Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), which is one of the most common occupational diseases among industrialized populations, is associated with longstanding exposure to high levels of noise. The pathogenesis of NIHL is not clear, but some genes and their activity at the tissue level have been investigated. Hypercholesterolemia, which can disturb the microcirculation, can be one of the underlying pathologies in hearing loss. Objective  To investigate the relationship between NIHL and hypercholesterolemia...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371893/evaluation-of-dizziness-handicap-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-auditory-neuropathy-spectrum-disorder
#15
Prashanth Prabhu, Pratyasha Jamuar
Introduction  Vestibular symptoms and damage to the vestibular branch of the eighth cranial nerve is reported in individuals with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD). However, the real life handicap caused by these vestibular problems in individuals with ANSD is not studied. Objective  The present study attempted to evaluate the dizziness-related handicap in adolescents and adults with ANSD. Method  The dizziness handicap inventory (DHI) was administered to 40 adolescents and adults diagnosed with ANSD...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371892/hearing-loss-in-the-elderly-is-the-hearing-handicap-inventory-for-the-elderly-screening-version-effective-in-diagnosis-when-compared-to-the-audiometric-test
#16
Alexandre Barbosa Servidoni, Lucieni de Oliveira Conterno
Introduction  Hearing losses inherent to the natural process of aging represent today a major public health issue, despite the little attention that their adequate care still receives. Early recognition and proper management of these shortcomings can significantly improve hearing, as well as the patient's general quality of life, reducing the overall impact of this important and prevalent condition of the aging process. Objective  The aim of this research was to evaluate the accuracy of the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version (HHIE-S) in the diagnosis of hearing loss in the elderly when compared with the audiometric test...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018506/clinical-features-and-surgical-treatment-of-schwannoma-affecting-the-base-of-the-tongue-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Jenna Lamendola Sitenga, Gregory Alan Aird, Austin Nguyen, Adam Vaudreuil, Christopher Huerter
Introduction  Schwannomas of the head and neck account for 25-40% of all cases, with presentation at the base of the tongue as the most frequent site for intraoral tumors. Objectives  Here, a systematic review was conducted to include 15 cases of patients with schwannoma of the base of the tongue. Data Synthesis  Most patients presented with a single, painless, well-encapsulated nodule at the base of the tongue. These nodules were slow-growing, with an average of 13.3 months from onset to presentation...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018505/head-and-neck-lymphomas-in-hiv-patients-a-clinical-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Natsuki Oishi, José Vicente Bagán, Karla Javier, Enrique Zapater
Introduction  Because of the many HIV-related malignancies, the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus are challenging. Objective  Here, we review current knowledge of the pathogenesis, epidemiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, and treatment of head and neck lymphomas in HIV patients from a clinical perspective. Data Synthesis  Although Hodgkin's lymphoma is not an AIDS-defining neoplasm, its prevalence is ten times higher in HIV patients than in the general population...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018504/hmgb1-in-the-pathogenesis-of-nasal-inflammatory-diseases-and-its-inhibition-as-new-therapeutic-approach-a-review-from-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Luisa Maria Bellussi, Serena Cocca, Giulio Cesare Passali, Desideri Passali
Introduction  This study is a systematic review on recent developments about the importance of HMGB1 protein in the pathogenesis of rhino-sinusal inflammatory diseases. We also report data on the use of 18-β-glycyrrhetic acid (GA), which has been shown able to inhibit the pro-inflammatory activities of HMGB1, in young patients affected by allergic rhinitis and complaining of nasal obstruction as main symptom. Objectives  The objective of this study was to review the literature to demonstrate the importance of HMGB1 in the pathogenesis of nasal inflammatory disorders and understand whether the inhibition of this protein may be an efficacious and innovative therapeutic strategy for patients with rhino-sinusal inflammation...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018503/parameters-influencing-tracheostomy-decannulation-in-patients-undergoing-rehabilitation-after-severe-acquired-brain-injury-sabi
#20
Cecilia Perin, Roberto Meroni, Vincenzo Rega, Giacomo Braghetto, Cesare Giuseppe Cerri
Introduction  Tracheostomy weaning in patients who suffered a severe acquired brain injury is often a challenge and decannulation failures are not uncommon. Objective  Our study objective is to describe the decannulation failure rate in patients undergoing rehabilitation following a severe acquired brain injury (sABI); to describe the factors associated with a successful tube weaning. Methods  We conduct a retrospective analysis of charts, consecutively retrieved considering a 3-year window. Variables analyzed were: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), cause of hospitalization (stroke, trauma, cardiac arrest), date of the pathological event, gap between the index event and the first day of hospitalization, duration of Neurorehabilitation Ward hospitalization, comorbidities, chest morphological alteration, kind of tracheostomy tube used (overall dimension, cap, fenestration), SpO2, presentation and quantification of pulmonary secretion, maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), respiratory frequency and pattern, cardiac frequency, presence of spontaneous cough, cough strength, and blood gas analysis...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
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