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International Journal of Reproductive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752538/determining-the-optimal-duration-of-progesterone-supplementation-prior-to-transfer-of-cryopreserved-embryos-and-its-impact-on-implantation-and-pregnancy-rates-a-pilot-study
#1
Sangita Sharma, Abha Majumdar
Objective. To determine the optimal duration of progesterone supplementation prior to transfer of cryopreserved embryos and its impact on implantation and pregnancy rates. Study Design. Prospective randomised study. Materials and Methods. In an IVF unit of a tertiary centre, sixty-six patients undergoing cryopreserved embryo transfer cycles were included. Endometrial preparation was done with estradiol valerate. Once it reached a minimum of 7 mm, patients were allocated randomly into group I (n = 39) and group II (n = 27)...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738654/pregnancy-predictors-after-intrauterine-insemination-in-cases-of-unexplained-infertility-a-prospective-study
#2
Ishita Ganguly, Aparna Singh, Shilpa Bhandari, Pallavi Agrawal, Nitika Gupta
Introduction. Aim of the study was to find the effect of various prognostic factors in cases of unexplained infertility undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with intrauterine insemination (IUI). Methods. 146 cases of unexplained infertility were included. A maximum of 3 cycles of IUI were done with clomiphene citrate/HMG. Ovulation trigger was given when the largest follicle diameter was >18 mm, and IUI was planned 36 hours later. Luteal phase support was given for 15 days, urine pregnancy test was done on day 15, ultrasonography was done at 7 weeks, and pregnancy was followed up till delivery...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699204/role-of-ultrasound-in-body-stalk-anomaly-and-amniotic-band-syndrome
#3
Madhavilatha Routhu, Sreedevi Thakkallapelli, Prashanthi Mohan, Nadeem Ahmed
Body stalk anomaly (BSA) and amniotic band syndrome (ABS) are rare similar fetal sporadic polymalformative syndromes of unknown etiology, though there are certain differences between them. BSA is a combination of developmental abnormalities involving neural tube, body wall, and the limbs with persistent extra embryonic coelomic cavity. ABS is characterized by the presence of thin membrane-like strands attached to fetal body parts and causing constrictions and amputations. This is a cohort study involving 32,100 patients who were referred for routine antenatal ultrasound scan...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631023/immediate-postpartum-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-insertions-in-caesarean-and-vaginal-deliveries-a-comparative-study-of-follow-up-outcomes
#4
Reetu Hooda, Sonika Mann, Smiti Nanda, Anjali Gupta, Hemant More, Jaikrit Bhutani
Background. Immediate postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (IPPIUCD) is a lucrative postpartum family planning method which provides effective reversible contraception to women in the delivery setting. Our aim was to study the clinical outcomes of IPPIUCD insertions and compare them as a factor of route of insertion (vaginal versus caesarean). Methods. This is a retrospective analytical study done in a tertiary care teaching institute. A Cohort of 593 vaginal and caesarean deliveries with IPPIUCD insertions, over a two-year period, was studied and compared for follow-up results...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597989/a-comparative-observational-study-of-the-use-of-saline-uterine-hydrosonography-for-the-diagnosis-and-assessment-of-uterine-cavity-lesions-in-women
#5
Veluppillai Vathanan, Nii Adjeidu Armar
Aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of saline hydrosonography (HSGM) (also known as saline infusion sonography (SIS)) against transvaginal ultrasound scan (TVS) and hysteroscopy in the diagnosis of uterine cavity lesions. Diagnostic hysteroscopy with biopsy is considered as the "gold standard" to diagnose intrauterine abnormalities. The introduction of HSGM has improved the diagnostic capability of ultrasound. It is important to establish the efficacy and safety of HSGM before it is widely recommended for use...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597988/could-metformin-manage-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-instead-of-insulin
#6
Hend S Saleh, Walid A Abdelsalam, Hala E Mowafy, Azza A Abd ElHameid
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) complicates a significant number of pregnancies. Blood glucose control improves perinatal outcomes. Medical nutrition therapy is the foundation in management. Aim of This Study. To evaluate efficacy of metformin in comparison to insulin for managing GDM. Methods. In prospective randomized comparative study, 150 antenatal women whose pregnancies had been complicated by GDM and did not respond to diet alone were recruited from antenatal clinics at Obstetrics Department in Zagazig University Hospitals from November 2012 to December 2014...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595131/sexual-behavior-and-knowledge-among-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-compared-to-hiv-uninfected-adolescents-at-an-urban-tertiary-center-in-new-jersey
#7
Ashlesha Kaushik, Carol Pineda, Helen Kest
Background. Sexual behaviors and knowledge among PHIV-infected (PHIV(+)) adolescents in comparison with HIV-uninfected youths are not well understood and continue to be studied actively. Objective. To compare sexual behavior and sexual knowledge of PHIV(+) and HIV-uninfected adolescents at an urban, tertiary-care center in New Jersey. Study Design. Modified Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance questionnaire was administered to PHIV(+) and HIV-uninfected adolescents to assess and compare sexual behavior and knowledge over a 1-year-period...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529078/evaluation-of-the-efficiency-of-two-different-freezing-media-and-two-different-protocols-to-preserve-human-spermatozoa-from-cryoinjury
#8
Gemma Fabozzi, Maria Flavia Starita, Emilia Rega, Alessandra Alteri, Antonio Colicchia, Claudio Piscitelli, Pierluigi Giannini
It is universally recognized that cryopreservation impairs sperm quality. In order to improve postthawing sperm survival and motility, media of different composition and different protocols have been proposed. However, no clear evidence is available to understand which are the most efficient protocol and medium for sperm cryopreservation. The present study evaluates the efficiency of two different cryopreservation protocols and two common freezing media (FM) containing different cryoprotectants (CPs), TEST Yolk Buffer (TYB) and Sperm Freeze (SF), to preserve human sperm quality...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433481/postnatal-care-service-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-women-who-gave-birth-in-the-last-12-months-prior-to-the-study-in-debre-markos-town-northwestern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
Miteku Andualem Limenih, Zerfu Mulaw Endale, Berihun Assefa Dachew
Improving maternal and newborn health through proper postnatal care services under the care of skilled health personnel is the key strategy to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. However, there were limited evidences on utilization of postnatal care services in Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Debremarkos town, Northwest Ethiopia. Cluster sampling technique was used to select 588 study participants. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression model was fitted to identify factors associated with postnatal care utilization...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239553/determinants-of-short-interbirth-interval-among-reproductive-age-mothers-in-arba-minch-district-ethiopia
#10
Desta Hailu, Teklemariam Gulte
Background. One of the key strategies to reduce fertility and promote the health status of mothers and their children is adhering to optimal birth spacing. However, women still have shorter birth intervals and studies addressing their determinants were scarce. The objective of this study, therefore, was to assess determinants of birth interval among women who had at least two consecutive live births. Methods. Case control study was conducted from February to April 2014. Cases were women with short birth intervals (<3 years), whereas controls were women having history of optimal birth intervals (3 to 5 years)...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26640814/women-s-satisfaction-of-maternity-care-in-nepal-and-its-correlation-with-intended-future-utilization
#11
Yuba Raj Paudel, Suresh Mehata, Deepak Paudel, Maureen Dariang, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Pradeep Poudel, Stuart King, Sarah Barnett
The impact of rapid increase in institutional birth rate in Nepal on women's satisfaction and planned future utilization of services is less well known. This study aimed to measure women's satisfaction with maternity care and its correlation with intended future utilisation. Data came from a nationally representative facility-based survey conducted across 13 districts in Nepal and included client exit interviews with 447 women who had either recently delivered or had experienced complications. An eight-item quality of care instrument was used to measure client satisfaction...
2015: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26634225/comparative-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-subacute-exposure-of-smokeless-tobacco-and-tobacco-smoke-on-rat-testis
#12
Jonah Sydney Aprioku, Theresa Chioma Ugwu
This study investigated the effects of 30-day exposure to tobacco smoke (TS), smokeless tobacco (ST), and nicotine on reproductive parameters and oxidative biomarkers in prepubertal and adult male rats. Sperm motility was reduced by 77.5 and 89.0% in TS and ST exposed prepubertal rats and 71.1 and 86.4% in adult rats, respectively. Sperm count was also reduced by 64.7 and 89.9% in prepubertal rats and 64.9 and 47.0% in adult rats, respectively. Nicotine decreased sperm motility (82.2%) and count (62.6%) in prepubertal rats but caused no effect in adult rats...
2015: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26613103/the-effects-of-interpregnancy-intervals-and-previous-pregnancy-outcome-on-fetal-loss-in-rwanda-1996-2010
#13
Ignace Habimana-Kabano, Annelet Broekhuis, Pieter Hooimeijer
In 2005, a WHO consultation meeting on pregnancy intervals recommended a minimum interval of 6 months after a pregnancy disruption and an interval of two years after a live birth before attempting another pregnancy. Since then, studies have found contradictory evidence on the effect of shorter intervals after a pregnancy disruption. A binary regression analysis on 21532 last pregnancy outcomes from the 2000, 2005, and 2010 Rwanda Demographic and Health Surveys was done to assess the combined effects of the preceding pregnancy outcome and the interpregnancy intervals (IPIs) on fetal mortality in Rwanda...
2015: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26576454/determinants-of-method-switching-among-social-franchise-clients-who-discontinued-the-use-of-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#14
Waqas Hameed, Syed Khurram Azmat, Moazzam Ali, Wajahat Hussain, Ghulam Mustafa, Muhammad Ishaque, Safdar Ali, Aftab Ahmed, Marleen Temmerman
Introduction. Women who do not switch to alternate methods after contraceptive discontinuation, for reasons other than the desire to get pregnant or not needing it, are at obvious risk for unplanned pregnancies or unwanted births. This paper examines the factors that influence women to switch from Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) to other methods instead of terminating contraceptive usage altogether. Methods. The data used for this study comes from a larger cross-sectional survey conducted in nine (9) randomly selected districts of Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan, during January 2011...
2015: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557725/foley-catheter-versus-vaginal-misoprostol-for-labour-induction
#15
Nasreen Noor, Mehkat Ansari, S Manazir Ali, Shazia Parveen
Objectives. To compare the efficacy and safety of intravaginal misoprostol with transcervical Foley catheter for labour induction. Material and Methods. One hundred and four women with term gestation, with Bishop score < 4, and with various indications for labour induction were randomly divided into two groups. In Group I, 25 μg of misoprostol tablet was placed intravaginally, 4 hourly up to maximum 6 doses. In Group II, Foley catheter 16F was placed through the internal os of the cervix under aseptic condition and then inflated with 50 cc of sterile saline...
2015: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26421317/normal-pregnancy-is-associated-with-changes-in-central-hemodynamics-and-enhanced-recruitable-but-not-resting-endothelial-function
#16
Juan Torrado, Yanina Zócalo, Ignacio Farro, Federico Farro, Claudio Sosa, Santiago Scasso, Justo Alonso, Daniel Bia
Introduction. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD), low flow-mediated constriction (L-FMC), and reactive hyperemia-related changes in carotid-to-radial pulse wave velocity (ΔPWVcr%) could offer complementary information about both "recruitability" and "resting" endothelial function (EF). Carotid-to-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWVcf) and pulse wave analysis-derived parameters (i.e., AIx@75) are the gold standard methods for noninvasive evaluation of aortic stiffness and central hemodynamics. If healthy pregnancy is associated with both changes in resting and recruitable EF, as well as in several arterial parameters, it remains unknown and/or controversial...
2015: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26421316/family-planning-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-married-men-and-women-in-rural-areas-of-pakistan-findings-from-a-qualitative-need-assessment-study
#17
Ghulam Mustafa, Syed Khurram Azmat, Waqas Hameed, Safdar Ali, Muhammad Ishaque, Wajahat Hussain, Aftab Ahmed, Erik Munroe
This paper presents the findings of a qualitative assessment aimed at exploring knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding family planning and factors that influence the need for and use of modern contraceptives. A descriptive exploratory study was conducted with married women and men aged between 15 and 40. Overall, 24 focus group discussions were conducted with male and female participants in three provinces of Pakistan. The findings reveal that the majority knew about some modern contraceptive methods, but the overall contraceptive use was very low...
2015: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26346646/sexual-and-reproductive-health-knowledge-attitude-and-perceptions-among-young-unmarried-male-residents-of-delhi
#18
Jitendra Kumar Meena, Anjana Verma, Jugal Kishore, Gopal Krishan Ingle
Context. Men play a significant role in all spheres of domestic life including reproduction. Youth is a period of critical development and ignoring sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of young men ought to have wider social and health consequences. Aims and Objectives. To assess the knowledge, attitude, and perceptions regarding SRH among young unmarried men (18-25 years). Settings and Design. A semiqualitative study conducted across four health centers (2 rural, 2 urban) across Delhi. Materials and Methods...
2015: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26345191/selenium-attenuates-hpv-18-associated-apoptosis-in-embryo-derived-trophoblastic-cells-but-not-inner-cell-mass-in-vitro
#19
Jennifer A Tolen, Penelope Duerksen-Hughes, Kathleen Lau, Philip J Chan
Objectives. Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are associated with cell cycle arrest. This study focused on antioxidant selenomethionine (SeMet) inhibition of HPV-mediated necrosis. The objectives were to determine HPV-18 effects on embryonic cells and to evaluate SeMet in blocking HPV-18 effects. Methods. Fertilized mouse embryos were cultured for 5 days to implanted trophoblasts and exposed to either control medium (group 1), HPV-18 (group 2), combined HPV-18 and 0.5 µM SeMet (group 3), or combined HPV-18 and 5...
2015: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25763409/incidence-and-correlates-of-maternal-near-miss-in-southeast-iran
#20
Tayebeh Naderi, Shohreh Foroodnia, Samaneh Omidi, Faezeh Samadani, Nouzar Nakhaee
This prospective study aimed to estimate the incidence and associated factors of severe maternal morbidity in southeast Iran. During a 9-month period in 2013, all women referring to eight hospitals for termination of pregnancy as well as women admitted during 42 days after the termination of pregnancy were enrolled into the study. Maternal near miss conditions were defined based on Say et al.'s recommendations. Five hundred and one cases of maternal near miss and 19,908 live births occurred in the study period, yielding a maternal near miss ratio of 25...
2015: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
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