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International Journal of Reproductive Medicine

Ifeyinwa Mary Asuzu, Olaejirinde Olaniyi Olaofe
The study is a retrospective cross-sectional study carried out in the Department of Pathology of Premier Hospital, Abuja, on specimens received over a one-year period. Four hundred and eighty-six samples of endometrial biopsies and curettings from women presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding sent to the histopathology laboratory were analyzed. The most common biopsies were those of product of conception which accounted for 304 cases (62.6%). Most of the cases of endometrial hyperplasia were typical. Endometritis and chorioamnionitis were the inflammatory conditions seen...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Celia M J Matyanga, Blessing Dzingirai
Emergency contraceptives play a major role in preventing unwanted pregnancy. The use of emergency contraceptives is characterized by myths and lack of knowledge by both health professionals and users. The main objective of this paper is to summarize the clinical pharmacology of hormonal methods of emergency contraception. A literature review was done to describe in detail the mechanism of action, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, safety profile, and drug interactions of hormonal emergency contraceptive pills. This information is useful to healthcare professionals and users to fully understand how hormonal emergency contraceptive methods work...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Peter Adatara, Agani Afaya, Elizabeth A Baku, Solomon Mohammed Salia, Anthony Asempah
Background: Traditional birth attendants play significant roles in maternal health care in the rural communities in developing countries such as Ghana. Despite their important role in maternal health care, there is paucity of information from the perspective of traditional birth attendants regarding their role on maternal health care in rural areas in Ghana. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore and describe the role of traditional birth attendants in maternal health care in the rural areas in Ghana...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Chet Kant Bhusal, Sigma Bhattarai
Background: Increase in population plays a decisive role in providing universal access to reproductive health; however, there is very limited evidence about the reason of unmet need among marginalized and tribal communities such as Tharus. This study aimed to determine the factors affecting unmet need of family planning among married Tharu women of Dang, Nepal. Methods: Community-based cross-sectional household survey among 650 married Tharu women of age group 15-49 in October 2015 to April 2016 was conducted in Dang district, Nepal...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Oloruntoba Ayodele Ekun, Oluwatumininu Mary Olawumi, Christian Chigozie Makwe, Nkeiruka Ogochukwu Ogidi
Objectives: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy specific syndrome. Studies have shown that preeclampsia has multiorgan dysfunction effects. This study evaluated biomarkers of renal and liver function among preeclamptic Nigerian women. Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 49 preeclamptic women and 50 normotensive healthy pregnant women. Method: The baseline data comprising age, gestational age, and blood pressure were obtained...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Ellen Abrafi Boamah-Kaali, Seyram Kaali, Grace Manu, Stephaney Gyaase, Elisha Adeniji, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Kwaku Poku Asante
Introduction: Tailoring sexual and reproductive health programs and services to the needs of adolescents will help adolescents make informed decisions and choices regarding their sexual and reproductive health. Objective: To assess the opinions of service providers on tailoring sexual and reproductive health services to the needs of adolescents. Method: A qualitative study using indepth interviews was held among eight decision-makers and service providers in two hospitals within the Kintampo North Municipality and Kintampo South District as well as the Municipal and District Health Directorates in Kintampo North and South between April and May 2011...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Kenneth Setorwu Adde, Eugene Kofuor Maafo Darteh, Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme, Hubert Amu
Background: The responsiveness of health professionals to patients in the provision of abortion services is essential to influencing patients' perceptions and expectations regarding the quality of medical care to be received and their general satisfaction. This, in turn, determines if patients will revisit a particular health facility to access abortion services. In this study, we examine the responsiveness of health professionals in providing postabortion care at a regional level health facility in Ghana...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Mengstu Melkamu Asaye, Tewodros Syoum Nigussie, Worku Mequannt Ambaw
Background: Implanon discontinuation closely related to higher rates of overall fertility rate, unwanted pregnancies, and induced abortion. This might have social and economic consequences. In Ethiopia the magnitude of early Implanon discontinuation and contributing factors is not well studied. Objective: To assess early Implanon discontinuation and associated factors among Implanon user women in Debre Tabor town, 2016. Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 1 to August 2016 through face-to-face interview...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Teshager Aklilu Yesuf, Nigist Assefa Eshete, Eskinder Ayalew Sisay
Background: It is estimated that more than half of all women in adolescence age suffer from dysmenorrhea and it often interferes with their daily physical and emotional aspects. It is the leading cause of short-term school absenteeism and is associated with a negative impact on academic and daily activities. Objectives: To investigate impacts of dysmenorrhea, factors associated with it, and its self-management strategies used by health science students. Methods: A cross-sectional institution based study was conducted among 246 Mekelle University health science students selected by stratified random sampling technique...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Haileyesus Gedamu, Adane Tsegaw, Etsubdink Debebe
Background: Cultural practices, beliefs, and taboos are often implicated in determining the care received by mothers during pregnancy and child birth which is an important determinant of maternal mortality. Objective: To assess prevalence of cultural malpractice during pregnancy, child birth, and postnatal period among women of childbearing age in Meshenti town, Amhara region, northwest Ethiopia, in 2016. Methods: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted among women of reproductive age group interviewed during the study period from May 10 to June 17, 2016...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Joshua Panyin Craymah, Robert Kwame Oppong, Derek Anamaale Tuoyire
Background: Globally, male involvement in maternal health care services remains a challenge to effective maternal health care accessibility and utilization. Objective: This study assessed male involvement in maternal health care services and associated factors in Anomabo in the Central Region of Ghana. Methods: Random sampling procedures were employed in selecting 100 adult male respondents whose partners were pregnant or had given birth within twelve months preceding the study...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Amanuel Tadesse, Mekides Kondale, Eskzyiaw Agedew, Feleke Gebremeskel, Negussie Boti, Bilcha Oumer
Background: A significant number of women make Implanon their first choice of contraception. However, they discontinue their Implanon before its expiry date was high, but factors that contribute to discontinuing their Implanon were poorly described in Ethiopia. Methods: A community based unmatched case control study was conducted. Then simple random sampling technique was used to select 340 women. Data was collected by nurses using face to face interview. Epi-Info version 7 and SPSS 20 software were used...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Olufunmilade Akinfolarin Omisanjo, Stephen Odunayo Ikuerowo, Moruf Adekunle Abdulsalam, Sheriff Olabode Ajenifuja, Khadijah Adebisi Shittu
BACKGROUND: Though exogenous testosterone is known for its contraceptive effects in men, it is sometimes prescribed by medical practitioners for the treatment of male factor infertility in the mistaken belief that exogenous testosterone improves sperm count. The aim of this study was to evaluate the scope of testosterone use in the treatment of male factor infertility by medical practitioners in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: A survey using a structured questionnaire was carried out amongst doctors attending a regular Continuing Medical Education (CME) programme in Lagos, Nigeria...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Dawit Kumilachew Yimenu, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy professionals, as the most available members of medical team, have an important role in educating patients about the effective and appropriate use of contraceptives. The purpose of this study was to assess pharmacy professionals' dispensing practice, knowledge, and attitude towards emergency contraceptives use in Gondar town, northwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was employed from May 14 to June 14, 2016, on 60 pharmacy professionals, who have been working in 8 randomly selected pharmacies and 6 drug stores...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Minaleshewa Biruk Gebeyehu, Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Dagmawi Abate Andarge, Yabsira Belayneh Debay, Geremew Sokile Bejiga, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is an important health problem of adolescents in school, as well as health practitioners, that badly affects the daily activities and quality of life. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and assess its management practice among University of Gondar students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done from April 06 to May 08, 2016, on female students of University of Gondar. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses were used to describe and assess the association between different variables...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Baiju Ahemmed, Vani Sundarapandian, Rohit Gutgutia, Sathya Balasubramanyam, Richa Jagtap, Reeta Biliangady, Priti Gupta, Sachin Jadhav, Ruma Satwik, Pavitra Raj Dewda, Priti Thakor, Sandro C Esteves
Purpose. To improve success of in vitro fertilization (IVF), assisted reproductive technology (ART) experts addressed four questions. What is optimum oocytes number leading to highest live birth rate (LBR)? Are cohort size and embryo quality correlated? Does gonadotropin type affect oocyte yield? Should "freeze-all" policy be adopted in cycles with progesterone >1.5 ng/mL on day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration? Methods. Electronic database search included ten studies on which panel gave opinions for improving current practice in controlled ovarian stimulation for ART...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Augustine Tanle, Kwaku Kissah-Korsah, Joshua Amo-Adjei
Delivering in health facility under the supervision of skilled birth attendant is an important way of mitigating impacts of delivery complications. Empirical evidence suggests that decision-making autonomy is aligned with holistic wellbeing especially in the aspect of maternal and child health. The objective of this paper was to examine the relationship between women's health decision-making autonomy and place of delivery in Ghana. We extracted data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Descriptive and logistic regression techniques were applied...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Kenneth Setorwu Adde, Hubert Amu
Background. There is a paucity of empirical literature in Ghana on rural areas and their utilisation of health facilities. The study examined the effects of the sociodemographics of rural women on place of delivery in the country. Methods. The paper made use of data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Women from rural areas who had given birth within five years prior to the survey were included in the analysis. Descriptive analyses and binary logistic regression were used to analyse the data...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Shilpa Bhandari, Pallavi Agrawal, Ishita Ganguly, Aparna Singh, Nitika Gupta
Objectives . This study aims to evaluate perinatal outcomes such as gestational age at delivery and live birth rate in singleton and twin gestation with or without fetal reduction. Method . A retrospective analysis was done on patients which were divided into reduced and unreduced groups on the basis of order of reduction of one or more fetuses between 6 and 13 weeks of gestation. Patients records were studied to note gestational age at delivery/abortion, birth weight, and neonatal outcome. Result . The cohort included a total of 292 patients: 102 singletons and 190 twins...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Sangita Sharma, Abha Majumdar
Objective. To determine the optimal duration of progesterone supplementation prior to transfer of cryopreserved embryos and its impact on implantation and pregnancy rates. Study Design . Prospective randomised study. Materials and Methods . In an IVF unit of a tertiary centre, sixty-six patients undergoing cryopreserved embryo transfer cycles were included. Endometrial preparation was done with estradiol valerate. Once it reached a minimum of 7 mm, patients were allocated randomly into group I ( n = 39) and group II ( n = 27)...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
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