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International Journal of Reproductive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610764/dysmenorrhea-among-university-health-science-students-northern-ethiopia-impact-and-associated-factors
#1
Teshager Aklilu Yesuf, Nigist Assefa Eshete, Eskinder Ayalew Sisay
Background: It is estimated that more than half of all women in adolescence age suffer from dysmenorrhea and it often interferes with their daily physical and emotional aspects. It is the leading cause of short-term school absenteeism and is associated with a negative impact on academic and daily activities. Objectives: To investigate impacts of dysmenorrhea, factors associated with it, and its self-management strategies used by health science students. Methods: A cross-sectional institution based study was conducted among 246 Mekelle University health science students selected by stratified random sampling technique...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568739/the-prevalence-of-traditional-malpractice-during-pregnancy-child-birth-and-postnatal-period-among-women-of-childbearing-age-in-meshenti-town-2016
#2
Haileyesus Gedamu, Adane Tsegaw, Etsubdink Debebe
Background: Cultural practices, beliefs, and taboos are often implicated in determining the care received by mothers during pregnancy and child birth which is an important determinant of maternal mortality. Objective: To assess prevalence of cultural malpractice during pregnancy, child birth, and postnatal period among women of childbearing age in Meshenti town, Amhara region, northwest Ethiopia, in 2016. Methods: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted among women of reproductive age group interviewed during the study period from May 10 to June 17, 2016...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362725/male-involvement-in-maternal-health-care-at-anomabo-central-region-ghana
#3
Joshua Panyin Craymah, Robert Kwame Oppong, Derek Anamaale Tuoyire
Background: Globally, male involvement in maternal health care services remains a challenge to effective maternal health care accessibility and utilization. Objective: This study assessed male involvement in maternal health care services and associated factors in Anomabo in the Central Region of Ghana. Methods: Random sampling procedures were employed in selecting 100 adult male respondents whose partners were pregnant or had given birth within twelve months preceding the study...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234726/determinant-of-implanon-discontinuation-among-women-who-ever-used-implanon-in-diguna-fango-district-wolayita-zone-southern-ethiopia-a-community-based-case-control-study
#4
Amanuel Tadesse, Mekides Kondale, Eskzyiaw Agedew, Feleke Gebremeskel, Negussie Boti, Bilcha Oumer
Background: A significant number of women make Implanon their first choice of contraception. However, they discontinue their Implanon before its expiry date was high, but factors that contribute to discontinuing their Implanon were poorly described in Ethiopia. Methods: A community based unmatched case control study was conducted. Then simple random sampling technique was used to select 340 women. Data was collected by nurses using face to face interview. Epi-Info version 7 and SPSS 20 software were used...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951884/use-of-exogenous-testosterone-for-the-treatment-of-male-factor-infertility-a-survey-of-nigerian-doctors
#5
Olufunmilade Akinfolarin Omisanjo, Stephen Odunayo Ikuerowo, Moruf Adekunle Abdulsalam, Sheriff Olabode Ajenifuja, Khadijah Adebisi Shittu
BACKGROUND: Though exogenous testosterone is known for its contraceptive effects in men, it is sometimes prescribed by medical practitioners for the treatment of male factor infertility in the mistaken belief that exogenous testosterone improves sperm count. The aim of this study was to evaluate the scope of testosterone use in the treatment of male factor infertility by medical practitioners in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: A survey using a structured questionnaire was carried out amongst doctors attending a regular Continuing Medical Education (CME) programme in Lagos, Nigeria...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776000/pharmacy-professionals-dispensing-practice-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-emergency-contraceptives-in-gondar-town-northwestern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Dawit Kumilachew Yimenu, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy professionals, as the most available members of medical team, have an important role in educating patients about the effective and appropriate use of contraceptives. The purpose of this study was to assess pharmacy professionals' dispensing practice, knowledge, and attitude towards emergency contraceptives use in Gondar town, northwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was employed from May 14 to June 14, 2016, on 60 pharmacy professionals, who have been working in 8 randomly selected pharmacies and 6 drug stores...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589173/prevalence-impact-and-management-practice-of-dysmenorrhea-among-university-of-gondar-students-northwestern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Minaleshewa Biruk Gebeyehu, Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Dagmawi Abate Andarge, Yabsira Belayneh Debay, Geremew Sokile Bejiga, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is an important health problem of adolescents in school, as well as health practitioners, that badly affects the daily activities and quality of life. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and assess its management practice among University of Gondar students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done from April 06 to May 08, 2016, on female students of University of Gondar. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses were used to describe and assess the association between different variables...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246628/outcomes-and-recommendations-of-an-indian-expert-panel-for-improved-practice-in-controlled-ovarian-stimulation-for-assisted-reproductive-technology
#8
REVIEW
Baiju Ahemmed, Vani Sundarapandian, Rohit Gutgutia, Sathya Balasubramanyam, Richa Jagtap, Reeta Biliangady, Priti Gupta, Sachin Jadhav, Ruma Satwik, Pavitra Raj Dewda, Priti Thakor, Sandro C Esteves
Purpose. To improve success of in vitro fertilization (IVF), assisted reproductive technology (ART) experts addressed four questions. What is optimum oocytes number leading to highest live birth rate (LBR)? Are cohort size and embryo quality correlated? Does gonadotropin type affect oocyte yield? Should "freeze-all" policy be adopted in cycles with progesterone >1.5 ng/mL on day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration? Methods. Electronic database search included ten studies on which panel gave opinions for improving current practice in controlled ovarian stimulation for ART...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116348/women-s-health-decision-making-autonomy-and-skilled-birth-attendance-in-ghana
#9
Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Augustine Tanle, Kwaku Kissah-Korsah, Joshua Amo-Adjei
Delivering in health facility under the supervision of skilled birth attendant is an important way of mitigating impacts of delivery complications. Empirical evidence suggests that decision-making autonomy is aligned with holistic wellbeing especially in the aspect of maternal and child health. The objective of this paper was to examine the relationship between women's health decision-making autonomy and place of delivery in Ghana. We extracted data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Descriptive and logistic regression techniques were applied...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101522/what-influences-where-they-give-birth-determinants-of-place-of-delivery-among-women-in-rural-ghana
#10
Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Kenneth Setorwu Adde, Hubert Amu
Background. There is a paucity of empirical literature in Ghana on rural areas and their utilisation of health facilities. The study examined the effects of the sociodemographics of rural women on place of delivery in the country. Methods. The paper made use of data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Women from rural areas who had given birth within five years prior to the survey were included in the analysis. Descriptive analyses and binary logistic regression were used to analyse the data...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999824/perinatal-outcome-in-assisted-reproductive-pregnancies-comparative-analysis-of-reduced-versus-unreduced-gestation
#11
Shilpa Bhandari, Pallavi Agrawal, Ishita Ganguly, Aparna Singh, Nitika Gupta
Objectives. This study aims to evaluate perinatal outcomes such as gestational age at delivery and live birth rate in singleton and twin gestation with or without fetal reduction. Method. A retrospective analysis was done on patients which were divided into reduced and unreduced groups on the basis of order of reduction of one or more fetuses between 6 and 13 weeks of gestation. Patients records were studied to note gestational age at delivery/abortion, birth weight, and neonatal outcome. Result. The cohort included a total of 292 patients: 102 singletons and 190 twins...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752538/determining-the-optimal-duration-of-progesterone-supplementation-prior-to-transfer-of-cryopreserved-embryos-and-its-impact-on-implantation-and-pregnancy-rates-a-pilot-study
#12
Sangita Sharma, Abha Majumdar
Objective. To determine the optimal duration of progesterone supplementation prior to transfer of cryopreserved embryos and its impact on implantation and pregnancy rates. Study Design. Prospective randomised study. Materials and Methods. In an IVF unit of a tertiary centre, sixty-six patients undergoing cryopreserved embryo transfer cycles were included. Endometrial preparation was done with estradiol valerate. Once it reached a minimum of 7 mm, patients were allocated randomly into group I (n = 39) and group II (n = 27)...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738654/pregnancy-predictors-after-intrauterine-insemination-in-cases-of-unexplained-infertility-a-prospective-study
#13
Ishita Ganguly, Aparna Singh, Shilpa Bhandari, Pallavi Agrawal, Nitika Gupta
Introduction. Aim of the study was to find the effect of various prognostic factors in cases of unexplained infertility undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with intrauterine insemination (IUI). Methods. 146 cases of unexplained infertility were included. A maximum of 3 cycles of IUI were done with clomiphene citrate/HMG. Ovulation trigger was given when the largest follicle diameter was >18 mm, and IUI was planned 36 hours later. Luteal phase support was given for 15 days, urine pregnancy test was done on day 15, ultrasonography was done at 7 weeks, and pregnancy was followed up till delivery...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699204/role-of-ultrasound-in-body-stalk-anomaly-and-amniotic-band-syndrome
#14
Madhavilatha Routhu, Sreedevi Thakkallapelli, Prashanthi Mohan, Nadeem Ahmed
Body stalk anomaly (BSA) and amniotic band syndrome (ABS) are rare similar fetal sporadic polymalformative syndromes of unknown etiology, though there are certain differences between them. BSA is a combination of developmental abnormalities involving neural tube, body wall, and the limbs with persistent extra embryonic coelomic cavity. ABS is characterized by the presence of thin membrane-like strands attached to fetal body parts and causing constrictions and amputations. This is a cohort study involving 32,100 patients who were referred for routine antenatal ultrasound scan...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631023/immediate-postpartum-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-insertions-in-caesarean-and-vaginal-deliveries-a-comparative-study-of-follow-up-outcomes
#15
Reetu Hooda, Sonika Mann, Smiti Nanda, Anjali Gupta, Hemant More, Jaikrit Bhutani
Background. Immediate postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (IPPIUCD) is a lucrative postpartum family planning method which provides effective reversible contraception to women in the delivery setting. Our aim was to study the clinical outcomes of IPPIUCD insertions and compare them as a factor of route of insertion (vaginal versus caesarean). Methods. This is a retrospective analytical study done in a tertiary care teaching institute. A Cohort of 593 vaginal and caesarean deliveries with IPPIUCD insertions, over a two-year period, was studied and compared for follow-up results...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597989/a-comparative-observational-study-of-the-use-of-saline-uterine-hydrosonography-for-the-diagnosis-and-assessment-of-uterine-cavity-lesions-in-women
#16
Veluppillai Vathanan, Nii Adjeidu Armar
Aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of saline hydrosonography (HSGM) (also known as saline infusion sonography (SIS)) against transvaginal ultrasound scan (TVS) and hysteroscopy in the diagnosis of uterine cavity lesions. Diagnostic hysteroscopy with biopsy is considered as the "gold standard" to diagnose intrauterine abnormalities. The introduction of HSGM has improved the diagnostic capability of ultrasound. It is important to establish the efficacy and safety of HSGM before it is widely recommended for use...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597988/could-metformin-manage-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-instead-of-insulin
#17
Hend S Saleh, Walid A Abdelsalam, Hala E Mowafy, Azza A Abd ElHameid
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) complicates a significant number of pregnancies. Blood glucose control improves perinatal outcomes. Medical nutrition therapy is the foundation in management. Aim of This Study. To evaluate efficacy of metformin in comparison to insulin for managing GDM. Methods. In prospective randomized comparative study, 150 antenatal women whose pregnancies had been complicated by GDM and did not respond to diet alone were recruited from antenatal clinics at Obstetrics Department in Zagazig University Hospitals from November 2012 to December 2014...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595131/sexual-behavior-and-knowledge-among-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-compared-to-hiv-uninfected-adolescents-at-an-urban-tertiary-center-in-new-jersey
#18
Ashlesha Kaushik, Carol Pineda, Helen Kest
Background. Sexual behaviors and knowledge among PHIV-infected (PHIV(+)) adolescents in comparison with HIV-uninfected youths are not well understood and continue to be studied actively. Objective. To compare sexual behavior and sexual knowledge of PHIV(+) and HIV-uninfected adolescents at an urban, tertiary-care center in New Jersey. Study Design. Modified Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance questionnaire was administered to PHIV(+) and HIV-uninfected adolescents to assess and compare sexual behavior and knowledge over a 1-year-period...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529078/evaluation-of-the-efficiency-of-two-different-freezing-media-and-two-different-protocols-to-preserve-human-spermatozoa-from-cryoinjury
#19
Gemma Fabozzi, Maria Flavia Starita, Emilia Rega, Alessandra Alteri, Antonio Colicchia, Claudio Piscitelli, Pierluigi Giannini
It is universally recognized that cryopreservation impairs sperm quality. In order to improve postthawing sperm survival and motility, media of different composition and different protocols have been proposed. However, no clear evidence is available to understand which are the most efficient protocol and medium for sperm cryopreservation. The present study evaluates the efficiency of two different cryopreservation protocols and two common freezing media (FM) containing different cryoprotectants (CPs), TEST Yolk Buffer (TYB) and Sperm Freeze (SF), to preserve human sperm quality...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433481/postnatal-care-service-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-women-who-gave-birth-in-the-last-12-months-prior-to-the-study-in-debre-markos-town-northwestern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Miteku Andualem Limenih, Zerfu Mulaw Endale, Berihun Assefa Dachew
Improving maternal and newborn health through proper postnatal care services under the care of skilled health personnel is the key strategy to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. However, there were limited evidences on utilization of postnatal care services in Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Debremarkos town, Northwest Ethiopia. Cluster sampling technique was used to select 588 study participants. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression model was fitted to identify factors associated with postnatal care utilization...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
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