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Vascular Specialist International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042563/unusual-presentation-of-a-cervical-mass-revealed-as-external-jugular-venous-aneurysm
#1
Su Wan Kim, Jee Won Chang, Seogjae Lee
Venous aneurysms of the jugular vein are one of the rare causes of neck swelling, and primary venous aneurysms of the external jugular vein are extremely rare. A 46-year-old woman presented with a painless and suddenly growing mass in the left neck. A computed tomography angiography revealed a fusiform venous aneurysm of the external jugular vein containing intraluminal thrombus. We performed resection of the aneurysm and ligation of the external jugular vein. Removal of the aneurysm of the neck vein was necessary because venous aneurysms with thrombosis may lead to serious thrombotic complications such as pulmonary embolism...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042562/surgical-thrombectomy-for-phlegmasia-cerulea-dolens
#2
Shin-Seok Yang, Woo-Sung Yun
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) is a medical emergency that can lead to venous gangrene of the lower extremity. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is crucial for limb salvage. There are two treatment options (endovascular or surgical). In the endovascular era, catheter-directed thrombolysis is the treatment of choice to achieve venous outflow. However, surgical thrombectomy is indicated in certain cases. The authors report successful surgical thrombectomy in a 75-year-old man with PCD and review the treatment of PCD...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042561/spontaneous-renal-artery-dissection-complicated-by-renal-infarction-three-case-reports
#3
Chami Im, Hyung Sub Park, Dae Hwan Kim, Taeseung Lee
Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is a rare disease entity. The diagnosis is usually delayed because clinical presentation is non-specific. We report three cases of symptomatic SRAD complicated by renal infarction which occurred in previously healthy middle-aged male patients. They visited the hospital due to acute abdominal or flank pain. They had no specific underlying disease or trauma history. The laboratory tests and physical examination were normal. They were not suspected of having SRAD initially, but computed tomography (CT) revealed dissection of the renal artery with distal hypoperfusion leading to renal infarction...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042560/inferior-mesentery-artery-and-internal-iliac-artery-preservation-with-covered-self-expanding-stents-during-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#4
Yun Gyu Song, Hong Jang, Hyun Oh Park, Seong Ho Moon, Jong Woo Kim, Sung Hwan Kim, Jun Ho Yang, Joung Hun Byun
We report an endovascular aneurysm repair in a patient with isolated bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms, a prominent inferior mesentery artery (IMA), and bilateral proximal internal iliac artery (IIA) aneurysms using covered self-expanding stents to preserve the IMA and bilateral internal iliac arteries. A follow-up computed tomography angiography was obtained at 1 month. Pelvic circulation was well preserved without bowel ischemia. IMA and bilateral IIA preservation with covered self-expanding stents during endovascular aneurysm repair is a safe and effective method...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042559/successful-anticoagulation-therapy-for-antiphospholipid-syndrome-with-mobile-aortic-thrombi
#5
Hyun Oh Park, Seong Ho Moon, Jong Woo Kim, Joung Hun Byun, Sung Hwan Kim, Jun Ho Yang, Chung-Eun Lee, Jong-Duk Kim
Hypercoagulable states have been associated with aortic thrombosis. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is one of the commonest types of acquired thrombophilia. We report the case of successful anticoagulation management in an APS patient with mobile thrombi within the aorta. A 58-year-old male patient presented to the emergency department (ED) with right-sided hemiparesis. His first symptoms were noted approximately 12-16 hours before presentation to the ED. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed acute embolic infarction of the left frontal and parietotemporal lobes...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042558/long-term-outcomes-of-arteriovenous-grafts-for-hemodialysis-in-lower-extremities
#6
Seok Han, Dan Song, Sangchul Yun
PURPOSE: The lower extremity has received its fair share of attention as a vascular access site in patients who have exhausted their upper arm vessels. However, experiences with lower extremity arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) have so far been disappointing because of high infection rates and severe limb ischemia. We report our experience with hemodialysis access from the lower extremity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 60 lower extremity AVGs created between January 2003 and December 2011 was performed...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042557/can-pre-retrieval-computed-tomography-predict-the-difficult-removal-of-an-implementing-an-inferior-vena-cava-filter
#7
Shinho Hong, Keun-Myoung Park, Yong Sun Jeon, Soon Gu Cho, Kee Chun Hong, Woo Young Shin, Yun-Mee Choe
PURPOSE: Implementing an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is a relatively safe procedure but potential negative long-term effects. The complications for filter retrieval have been noted. We examined filter characteristics on pre-retrieval computed tomography (CT) that were associated with complicated retrieval (CR) of IVC filters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of IVC filter retrievals between January 2008 and June 2014 was performed to identify patients who had undergone a pre-retrieval CT for IVC filter retrieval...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042556/deep-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism-prevalance-clinical-significance-and-outcome
#8
Jun Sung Lee, Tong Moon, Tae Hoon Kim, Se Young Kim, Jun Young Choi, Kyung Bok Lee, Yu Jin Kwon, Suk Hee Song, Su Hyun Kim, Hae Ok Kim, Ho Kyeong Hwang, Min Ji Kim, Young Kyoung Lee
PURPOSE: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are considered as similar disease entities representing different clinical manifestations. The objectives of this study were: 1) to determine the prevalence and outcome of DVT in patients with PE; 2) to identify additional risk factors for PE-related unfavorable outcome and 30-day all-cause mortality; and 3) to establish the clinical importance of screening for concomitant DVT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2015, a total of 141 patients with confirmed PE were evaluated...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042555/lower-extremity-arterial-bypass-with-arm-vein-conduits-and-literature-review
#9
Dae-Joon Park, Yang-Jin Park, Kyoung Won Yoon, Seon-Hee Heo, Dong-Ik Kim, Young-Wook Kim
PURPOSE: The superiority of autogenous vein conduits is well known in lower extremity arterial bypass (LEAB). Among various alternative conduits for LEAB, long-term results of arm vein grafts were investigated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical characteristics of 28 patients who underwent infrainguinal LEAB with autogenous arm vein grafts at a single institute between January 2003 and December 2015. All procedures were performed in the absence of adequate saphenous veins...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042554/chronological-change-of-the-sac-after-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#10
Min Hyun Kim, Hyung Sub Park, Sanghyun Ahn, Sang-Il Min, Seung-Kee Min, Jongwon Ha, Taeseung Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential risk factors of type II endoleak and sac growth after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and the outcomes of secondary interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety seven patients underwent elective EVAR for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms in two tertiary centers between April 2005 and July 2013. Clinical and imaging parameters were compared among sac growth (>5 mm) and non-growth groups. Risk factors associated with sac growth and persistent type II endoleak were analyzed...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042553/remote-ischemic-preconditioning-enhances-the-expression-of-genes-encoding-antioxidant-enzymes-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-related-proteins-in-rat-skeletal-muscle
#11
Ui Jun Park, Hyoung Tae Kim, Won Hyun Cho, Jae Hyoung Park, Hye Ra Jung, Min Young Kim
PURPOSE: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC), including remote IPC (rIPC) and direct IPC (dIPC), is a promising method to decrease ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. This study tested the effect of both rIPC and dIPC on the genes for antioxidant enzymes and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related proteins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty rats were randomly divided into the control and study groups. In the control group (n=10), the right hind limb was sham-operated. The left hind limb (IscR) of the control group underwent IR injury without IPC...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699163/fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-findings-of-post-traumatic-lymphangioma-in-a-young-adult-male
#12
Sang Don Kwon, Kyung Ah Chun, Eun Jung Kong, Ihn Ho Cho
The authors report the case of a 34-year-old male, who underwent a fluorine-18 fluoro deoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan 7 years after trauma for the evaluation of multifocal masses in the right iliac and right inguinal areas. CT findings showed multifocal low density masses and (18)F-FDG PET revealed slightly increased uptake (maximum standardized uptake value [SUVmax] 3.1). These findings did not exclude the possibility of a benign or malignant lesion. To achieve differential diagnosis, partial surgical excision was performed and a pathologic examination subsequently revealed lymphangioma...
September 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699162/bovine-aortic-arch-and-bilateral-retroesophageal-course-of-common-carotid-arteries-in-a-symptomatic-patient
#13
Daniele Bissacco, Maurizio Domanin, Giuseppina Schinco, Livio Gabrielli
Anatomical variations of carotid arteries may be related to their development (agenesis, aplasia, hypoplasia) or course (coiling, kinking, tortuosity). Partial or total aberrancies in carotid vessel anatomy rarely occur. We describe the case of a 95-year-old woman presented with sudden onset of confusion and disorientation together with upper limb clonus. Computed tomography (CT)-scan revealed a left frontal brain injury with a not conclusive carotid doppler ultrasound. CT angiography reported a bovine aortic arch with bilateral retroesophageal course of both common carotid arteries and left severe (>70%) internal carotid artery stenosis...
September 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699161/intensive-long-distance-running-as-a-possible-cause-of-multiple-splanchnic-arterial-aneurysms-a-case-report
#14
Lee Chan Jang, Sung Su Park
This is a case report that suggests the possible association between multiple splanchnic arterial aneurysms and long-distance running. The clinical features of one patient admitted at Chungbuk National University Hospital for treatment of multiple splanchnic arterial aneurysms were reviewed. A 54-year-old man had a recurrent, intermittent and epigastric pain for 2 months. There was no abnormality in gastroscopy and colonoscopy. An abdominal computed tomography angiography documented calcified superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and splenic artery aneurysms...
September 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699160/cystic-disease-of-the-groin-presenting-as-compression-of-a-femoral-vessel
#15
Hyung-Kee Kim, Deokbi Hwang, Sujin Park, Won-Ju Jeong, An Na Seo, Seung Huh
In this study, we describe our diagnosis and treatment of two patients who presented with femoral vessel compression caused by a cystic lesion in the groin. One case was diagnosed as adventitial cystic disease (ACD) of the common femoral artery resulting in leg claudication and the other was diagnosed as a ganglion cyst (GC) causing femoral vein compression and unilateral leg swelling. The operative findings differed between these two cases with respect to the dissection of the cyst and femoral vessel, but the postoperative histological examination results were similar...
September 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699159/bilateral-type-iiia-endoleak-and-disconnection-of-both-limbs-after-evar-with-an-endurant-ii-endograft
#16
Sotirios Giannakakis, George Galyfos, Georgios Geropapas, Stavros Kerasidis, Gerasimos Papacharalampous, Georgios Kastrisios, Chrisostomos Maltezos
A 75-year-old patient with severe comorbidities was treated with an Endurant(®) (Medtronic, USA) II endograft due to a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). After four years of unremarkable follow-up, bilateral limb separation was detected. The patient underwent endovascular bridging without any complication. Although rarely detected in newer grafts, late bilateral type IIIa endoleaks can present and should be promptly repaired. Complex or ruptured AAAs treated with off-label use of endografts should be under closer surveillance using imaging tools for potential endoleaks or aneurysm sac growth...
September 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699158/outcomes-of-arteriovenous-fistula-for-hemodialysis-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients
#17
Suh Min Kim, Seung-Kee Min, Sanghyun Ahn, Sang-Il Min, Jongwon Ha
PURPOSE: This retrospective review aimed to report the outcomes of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and to evaluate the suitability of AVF as a permanent vascular access in pediatric populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected for all patients aged 0 to 19 years who underwent AVF creation for hemodialysis between January 2000 and June 2014. RESULTS: Fifty-two AVFs were created in 47 patients. Mean age was 15.7±3.2 years and mean body weight was 46...
September 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699157/association-of-nitric-oxide-levels-and-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-g894t-polymorphism-with-coronary-artery-disease-in-the-iranian-population
#18
Khalil Mahmoodi, Leila Nasehi, Elham Karami, Mohammad Soleiman Soltanpour
PURPOSE: The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) G894T polymorphism has been reported to cause endothelial dysfunction and may have a role in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of eNOS G894T genetic polymorphism and plasma levels of nitric oxide (NO) with CAD risk in an Iranian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 200 patients with angiographically documented CAD and 100 matched controls...
September 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699156/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-lower-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-korean-practice-guidelines
#19
Seung-Kee Min, Young Hwan Kim, Jin Hyun Joh, Jin Mo Kang, Ui Jun Park, Hyung-Kee Kim, Jeong-Hwan Chang, Sang Jun Park, Jang Yong Kim, Jae Ik Bae, Sun Young Choi, Chang Won Kim, Sung Il Park, Nam Yeol Yim, Yong Sun Jeon, Hyun-Ki Yoon, Ki Hyuk Park
Lower extremity deep vein thrombosis is a serious medical condition that can result in death or major disability due to pulmonary embolism or post-thrombotic syndrome. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment are required to improve symptoms and salvage the affected limb. Early thrombus clearance rapidly resolves symptoms related to venous obstruction, restores valve function and reduces the incidence of post-thrombotic syndrome. Recently, endovascular treatment has been established as a standard method for early thrombus removal...
September 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386456/delayed-presentation-of-endovenous-heat-induced-thrombosis-treated-by-thrombolysis-and-subsequent-open-thrombectomy
#20
Jung Hak Kwak, Sang Il Min, Song-Yi Kim, Ahram Han, Chanjoong Choi, Sanghyun Ahn, Jongwon Ha, Seung-Kee Min
Although endovenous heat-induced thrombosis (EHIT) is frequently reported after endovenous laser ablation (EVLA), the incidence and timing of occurrence of EHIT are not fully understood. We present a case of EHIT successfully treated with a combination of surgical and endovascular treatments. A 57-year-old woman, two months post bilateral EVLA, presented with a swollen leg. Deep vein thrombosis was diagnosed by Doppler ultrasonography and computerized tomographic venography. We treated the patient with catheter-directed thrombolysis with urokinase after insertion of an inferior vena cava filter...
June 2016: Vascular Specialist International
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