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Plastic Surgery

Jasmine Tang, Jugpal S Arneja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Daniel A Peters, Douglas R McKay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
J M Hendry, Douglas R McKay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Kun Hwang, Joon Soo Jung, Hun Kim
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance (accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value) of plain film (PF), ultrasonography (USG), and computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing nasal bone fractures (NBFs). Methods: In a search of PubMed and Scopus, "nasal bone fracture" AND "X-ray OR CT OR USG OR MRI" were searched. Among the 369 titles from PubMed and 379 titles from Scopus, 257 duplicate titles were excluded and 491 titles were reviewed...
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Kun Hwang, Ji Soo Son, Woo Kyung Ryu
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the complications of flap surgery in non-smokers and smokers and to determine how the incidence of complications was affected by the abstinence period from smoking before and after flap surgery. Methods: In PubMed and Scopus, terms "smoking" and "flap survival" were used, which resulted in 113 papers and 65 papers, respectively. After excluding 6 duplicate titles, 172 titles were reviewed. Among them, 45 abstracts were excluded, 20 full papers were reviewed, and finally 15 papers were analyzed...
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Alexander Morzycki, Helene Retrouvey, Becher Alhalabi, Johnny Ionut Efanov, Sarah Al-Youha, Jamil Ahmad, David T Tang
Background: Projecting the demand for plastic surgeons has become increasingly important in a climate of scarce public resource within a single payer health-care system. The goal of this study is to provide a comprehensive workforce update and describe the perceptions of the workforce among Canadian Plastic Surgery residents and surgeons. Methods: Two questionnaires were developed by a national task force under the Canadian Plastic Surgery Research Collaborative...
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Hadal El-Hadi, Jill Stone, Claire Temple-Oberle, Alan Robertson Harrop
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived satisfaction and barriers to care for transgender patients after they decide to undergo gender-affirming surgery (GAS). Method: A survey consisting of 21 multiple-choice and short-answer questions was distributed to transgender organizations and online forums across Canada and the United States. The data were then analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: There were 32 participants, 12 who identified as female to male and 20 as male to female...
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Connor McGuire, Alex Morzycki, Andrew Simpson, Jason Williams, Michael Bezuhly
Objective: To describe characteristics of dog bites and their treatment in a pediatric population including infection, medical specialties involved, rates of admission, and need for surgery. Method: Patients presenting with a dog bite to the emergency department of a tertiary care pediatric hospital between January 1, 2015, and June 30, 2017, were included. Details related to demographics, complications, consultations, and treatment were extracted from the patients' records...
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Itay Wiser, Averbuch Sagie Roni, Ella Ziv, Mony Friedman, Shay Efraty, Lior Heller, Marina Landau, Tali Friedman
Background: Phenol chemical peeling (PCP) treatment is associated with prolonged recovery and sustained adverse events. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is known to accelerate wound healing. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effect of HBOT on PCP recovery period and adverse events. Methods: This is a pilot randomized controlled clinical study. Women following PCP underwent 5 consecutive daily HBOT sessions, compared with PCP alone. Pain, pruritus, erythema, crusting, scaling, and edema were daily evaluated up to 28 days following PCP...
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Kevin J Nickel, Aaron C Van Slyke, Aaron D Knox, Kevin Wing, Neil Wells
Background: Tissue expansion in the lower extremity is controversial, with studies reporting complication rates as high as 83%. Few studies have looked at tissue expansion prior to orthopaedic correction of severe foot and ankle deformities, and those available are restricted to clubfoot in the pediatric population. Here, we report the largest case series on the use of tissue expanders for the reconstruction of severe foot and ankle deformity and the only report in adults. Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of the senior author's practice over a 16-year study period...
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Eleanor Rose Goldwasser Tomczyk, Ava Chappell, Nathaniel Erskine, Mustafa Akyurek
Background: Prior studies have examined the relationship between obesity and adverse outcomes after reduction mammaplasty, suggesting a correlation between increasing body mass index (BMI) and postoperative complications. However, there is little data published regarding such correlation with respect to short-scar technique. Methods: A total of 236 patients underwent short-scar mammaplasty with a superomedial pedicle from 2008 to 2014. The procedure was performed by a single surgeon at an academic medical center...
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Kate Elzinga, Edward Buchel
Autologous breast reconstruction using abdominal-based perforator flaps produces excellent aesthetic results with minimal donor site morbidity. The superficial inferior epigastric artery and deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps reliably perfuse a hemi-abdomen, up to the anterior axillary line. Beyond this line laterally, the flank or "love handle" tissue is primarily perfused by the deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) or secondarily by the superficial circumflex iliac artery. The flank tissue is a valuable addition to increase flap size when harvested with a DIEP flap or to provide vascularized tissue when the abdomen has been previously harvested...
November 2018: Plastic Surgery
Joseph P Corkum, Joshua A Gillis, David T Tang
Purpose: Surgeons and resident physicians in a clinic setting often visually estimate Dupuytren flexion contractures of the hand to follow disease progression and decide on management. No previous study has compared visual estimates with a standardized instrument to ensure measurement reliability. Methods: Consecutive patients consulted for Dupuytren flexion contractures of the hand had individual joint contractures estimated in degrees (°) by both a resident physician and staff surgeon...
August 2018: Plastic Surgery
Kitty Wu, Romeet Ahluwalia, Shrikant J Chinchalkar, Joshua I Vincent, Robert S Richards, Nina Suh
Purpose: Production of a functional grip pattern requires the concerted action of numerous structures within the hand. This study quantifies the effect of total distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) stiffness to grip strength. Methods: Fifty (25 men, 25 women, 100 hands) individuals with a mean age of 38 years (range: 17-69 years) were recruited. Exclusion criteria included history of previous upper limb injury, neuropathies, or systemic disease. Custom thermoplastic orthoses were used to splint participants' DIPJ in full extension simulating stiffness...
August 2018: Plastic Surgery
Rebekah Brennan, John S G Wells, Marieclaire Van Hout
This study reports on an empirically underdocumented practice in contemporary aesthetic enhancement culture, the self-injection of unregulated DIY Botox and dermal filler kits purchased online. Data were collected from 4 online discussion forums containing disclosures in relation to use of DIY kits and analyzed using ethnographic content analysis. Motivation to source DIY Botox and dermal fillers online was grounded in desire to avoid financial cost of professional services and a lack of confidence in practitioners...
August 2018: Plastic Surgery
Helene Retrouvey, Alexander Morzycki, Annie M Q Wang, Paul Binhammer
Purpose: We conducted a national survey of Canadian plastic surgeons to assess if inconsistencies in management strategies exist for single metacarpal fractures. Methods: A cross-sectional study of Canadian plastic surgeons who perform hand surgeries was conducted. A 15-question survey was distributed to all members of the Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeons. Participants' demographics, practice settings, and current treatment strategies for patients presenting with single metacarpal fractures were evaluated...
August 2018: Plastic Surgery
Helene Retrouvey, Perry Gdalevitch
Gender disparity in plastic surgery in Canada is an important issue. The Women Plastic Surgeons of Canada (WPSC) group was created to highlight the interests and concerns of female members of the Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeons (CSPS). Women Plastic Surgeons of Canada seeks to teach and implement measures to overcome the internal and external factors contributing to "the plastic ceiling." In addition, the WPSC group was created to raise awareness about the gender gap in our leadership and implement strategies to empower female surgeons to "lean in" and seek out leadership roles in plastic surgery...
August 2018: Plastic Surgery
Douglas R McKay, Daniel A Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
Douglas R McKay, Kirsty U Boyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
Hani Shash, Becher Al-Halabi, Salah Aldekhayel, Tassos Dionisopoulos
Background: Evidence on the use of omental flaps for breast reconstruction in patients with breast cancer is lacking, and no published reviews report an outcome-based assessment of such flap. This review explores available data and evidence for change in complication rates following the shift toward laparoscopic harvesting. Methods: We searched the databases Excerpta Medica database, MEDLINE, and PubMed from inception until December 2015 using search terms "omental flaps" and "breast reconstruction...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
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