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Plastic Surgery

Daniel A Peters, Douglas R McKay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Plastic Surgery
Daniel A Peters, Douglas R McKay, Kirsty U Boyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Plastic Surgery
Süphan Tunç, Erol Kesiktas, Yeliz Yilmaz, Arbil Açikalin, Gökçen Oran, Metin Yavuz, Eyüphan Gencel, Cengiz Eser
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and melatonin, alone and in combination, on McFarlane flap viability in a rat model. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were divided into four groups and received daily intraperitoneal injections for one week before surgery: control (sham [n=10]); melatonin (n=10); NAC (n=10); and NAC+melatonin (n=10). One week after surgery, the experiment was terminated and photographs were taken for topographic studies. A transillumination study was performed to observe vascularization in the flaps and biopsies were obtained for histopathological studies...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Yen-Chang Hsiao, Chun-Shin Chang, Shiow-Shuh Chuang, Georgios Kolios, Mohamed Abdelrahman
BACKGROUND: The crooked nose represents a challenge for rhinoplasty surgeons, and many methods have been proposed for management; however, there is no ideal method for treatment. Accordingly, the 45° cutting septoplasty technique, which involves a 45° cut at the junction of the L-shaped strut and repositioning it to achieve a straight septum is proposed. METHODS: From October 2010 to September 2014, 43 patients underwent the 45° cutting septoplasty technique...
2016: Plastic Surgery
E Keramidas, N S Lymperopoulos, S Rodopoulou
BACKGROUND: The role of prophylactic antibiotics in breast augmentation remains controversial. However, the majority of surgeons are administering antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of antibiotic(s) use in the incidence of infection and capsular contracture following breast augmentation. METHODS: From September 2004 to November 2010, 180 patients underwent primary bilateral breast augmentation. They were prospectively divided into two equal groups: in group A (n=90), no antibiotics were given and, in group B (n=90), only one intravenous dose of cephalosporin was administered during the induction of general anesthesia...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Haitham H Khalil, Marco Malahias, Geeta Shetty
BACKGROUND: Although Wise pattern reduction mammoplasty is one of the most prevalent procedures providing satisfactory cutaneous reduction, it is at the expense of inevitable lengthier scars and wound complications, especially at the inverted T junction. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel technique providing tension-free closure at the T junction through performing triangular lipodermal flaps. The aim is to alleviate skin tension, thus reducing skin necrosis, dehiscence and excessive scarring at the T junction...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Jiayi Hu, Meng Zhen, Cristina Olteanu, Ronen Avram
BACKGROUND: Websites for residency and fellowship programs serve as effective educational and recruitment tools. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accessibility and content of fellowship websites that are commonly used by microsurgery applicants for career development. METHODS: A list of one-year microsurgery fellowship websites (MFWs) was compiled by visiting the centralized American Society for Reconstructive Microsurgery (ASRM) website, followed by performing an extensive 'Google' search in October 2015...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Aleksandra Iljin, Tomasz Zieliński, Anna Broniarczyk-Loba, Bogusław Antoszewski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of treatment of congenital blepharoptosis (CBP) using selected surgical methods; and to evaluate concomitant visual system disorders. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2010, 52 children with CBP underwent surgical correction of CBP using the modified method of Mustarde, the original Mustarde method or frontal suspension at the Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical University of Lodz (Poland). Based on the results of ophthalmic and orthoptic examination, and standard measurements, postoperative differences in the position and symmetry of the upper eyelids, complications, and visual system abnormalities were analyzed...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Zhang Huahui, Xue Dan, Jiang Hongfei, Hu Hang, Han Chunmao, Ren Haitao, Yu Jianxin, Tao Zhiping
BACKGROUND: Wounds that have been closed under excessive tension, and skin defects that cannot be closed primarily, pose a daily challenge for the reconstructive surgeon. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a new tension relief system (TRS) device for skin stretching and secure wound closure. METHODS: From September 2013 to March 2014, a consecutive series of 41 Chinese patients with 43 wounds were enrolled for application of 50 cycles of TRS therapy. TRS was used for two main clinical applications: closure of a variety of surgical/traumatic wounds; and securing wound closure after high-tension suture closure...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Oren Weissman, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Jonathan Bank, Isaac Zilinsky, Efrat Solomon, Eric Remer, Guy Rasner, Josef Haik
Tissue expansion using implantable expanders is a useful means of generating surplus tissue for reconstruction of defects such as scarring following burns. The authors describe their technique of incisions distant to the desired location of expander placement, and remote dissection of the expander pocket with hydrodissection and blunt forceps. A total of 81 expanders were placed in 30 consecutive patients, 81% of whom had burn scars due for reconstruction. During preparation, no complications, such as bleeding, were encountered, except one case with severe subdermal fibrosis, in which bleeding was stopped through brief application of pressure...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Karen Chung, Kenneth Wyllie, John Davidson
OBJECTIVE: To describe the origin and development of the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the Queen's University School of Medicine (Kingston, Ontario). METHODS: Resarch ethics board approval and privacy agreements from the Kingston General Hospital (KGH, Kingston, Ontario) medical archives were obtained. Primary and secondary data sources were identified. A systematic examination of newspaper archives, research literature, KGH medical advisory committee meeting minutes, and testimonies from Dr Kenneth Wyllie and Dr John Davidson were obtained...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Douglas R McKay, Daniel A Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Plastic Surgery
Douglas R McKay, Kirsty U Boyd, Daniel A Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Plastic Surgery
Edward W Swanson, Hsu-Tang Cheng, Srinivas M Susarla, Denver M Lough, Anand R Kumar
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in surgical technique, ventral hernia repair (VHR) remains associated with significant postoperative wound complications. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to identify whether the application of negative pressure wound therapy to closed incisions (iNPWT) following VHR reduces the risk of postoperative wound complications and hernia recurrence. METHODS: The PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE and SCOPUS databases were searched for studies published through October 2015...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Alison L Wong, Janet Martin, Michael J Wong, Michael Bezuhly, David Tang
BACKGROUND: In chronic disease management, shared medical appointments have been shown to improve clinic access, productivity and patient education. However, adoption of this model in surgical consultation is limited, and its effect on surgical patients' satisfaction, comfort and surgical risk recall is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether shared medical appointments could be applied to carpal tunnel surgery consultation while being equally effective as individual consultation for risk recall, patient comfort and satisfaction...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Matthew D Chetta, Oluseyi Aliu, Bao Anh Patrick Tran, Mariam Abdulghani, Kelly M Kidwell, Adeyiza O Momoh
BACKGROUND: Body contouring procedures following massive weight loss have become increasingly common and, unfortunately, continue to be associated with a high complication rate. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how weight loss method affects complications following abdominally based body contouring procedures. METHODS: Patients undergoing abdominally based contouring procedures were retrospectively evaluated over an 11-year period and stratified into two groups based on method of weight loss: diet and exercise; or bariatric surgery...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Kourosh Ghanbarzadeh, Omid Reza Tabatabaie, Ebrahim Salehifar, Massoud Amanlou, Ghasemali Khorasani
BACKGROUND: A suitable pharmacological substitute for the well-established surgical delay technique for random skin flaps to increase viability has been elusive. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of nitroglycerin and botulinum toxin type A on random flap survival in a rat model. METHODS: The present controlled experimental study was performed in the four groups of rats. One week after intervention in each group, the flap was raised and kept in situ, and flap necrosis was evaluated through follow-up...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Safvet Ors, Mehmet Ozkose
BACKGROUND: There are various complications that can occur in septorhinoplasty, most of which are related to postoperative failure to achieve the desired aesthetic result. However, there are also many other complications, including postoperative bleeding, which is one of the most common nonaesthetic-related complications. OBJECTIVE: The present study was a prospective analysis involving a total of 750 septorhinoplasty patients, and included individuals who experienced massive bleeding after postoperative day 8...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Jennifer Matthews, Wendy Ng, Stuart Archibald, Carolyn Levis
BACKGROUND: The osteocutaneous radial forearm free flap (OC-RFFF) remains a useful tool in head and neck reconstruction; however, it can be challenging to harvest sufficient bone for large reconstructions. The extended OC-RFFF is a modification that involves harvest of the distal border of the radius to the tip of the styloid. This increases the length of the bone flap by 2 cm to 3 cm, and the inherent contour of the styloid can be used to reconstruct the anterior curvature of the mandible or maxilla without additional osteotomies that may reduce blood supply...
2016: Plastic Surgery
Brent R DeGeorge, Christopher A Campbell
BACKGROUND: Lateral displacement of breast implants and axillary fullness are common causes of patient dissatisfaction and reoperation following prosthetic breast reconstruction. Suture plication of the capsule and acellular dermal matrix slings have been described to address lateral implant malposition, but with unacceptably high rates of recurrence and additional cost, respectively. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel technique using a lateral capsular flap to provide durable correction of implant malposition and, at the same time, redefinition of the lateral breast border, thereby restoring balance to the breast aesthetic subunits...
2016: Plastic Surgery
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