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Plastic Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148128/visual-estimation-of-dupuytren-s-flexion-contractures-a-prospective-comparative-trial
#1
Joseph P Corkum, Joshua A Gillis, David T Tang
Purpose: Surgeons and resident physicians in a clinic setting often visually estimate Dupuytren flexion contractures of the hand to follow disease progression and decide on management. No previous study has compared visual estimates with a standardized instrument to ensure measurement reliability. Methods: Consecutive patients consulted for Dupuytren flexion contractures of the hand had individual joint contractures estimated in degrees (°) by both a resident physician and staff surgeon...
August 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148127/the-effect-of-simulated-total-distal-interphalangeal-joint-stiffness-on-grip-strength
#2
Kitty Wu, Romeet Ahluwalia, Shrikant J Chinchalkar, Joshua I Vincent, Robert S Richards, Nina Suh
Purpose: Production of a functional grip pattern requires the concerted action of numerous structures within the hand. This study quantifies the effect of total distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) stiffness to grip strength. Methods: Fifty (25 men, 25 women, 100 hands) individuals with a mean age of 38 years (range: 17-69 years) were recruited. Exclusion criteria included history of previous upper limb injury, neuropathies, or systemic disease. Custom thermoplastic orthoses were used to splint participants' DIPJ in full extension simulating stiffness...
August 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148126/-saving-face-an-online-study-of-the-injecting-use-of-diy-botox-and-dermal-filler-kits
#3
Rebekah Brennan, John S G Wells, Marieclaire Van Hout
This study reports on an empirically underdocumented practice in contemporary aesthetic enhancement culture, the self-injection of unregulated DIY Botox and dermal filler kits purchased online. Data were collected from 4 online discussion forums containing disclosures in relation to use of DIY kits and analyzed using ethnographic content analysis. Motivation to source DIY Botox and dermal fillers online was grounded in desire to avoid financial cost of professional services and a lack of confidence in practitioners...
August 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148125/are-we-over-treating-hand-fractures-current-practice-of-single-metacarpal-fractures
#4
Helene Retrouvey, Alexander Morzycki, Annie M Q Wang, Paul Binhammer
Purpose: We conducted a national survey of Canadian plastic surgeons to assess if inconsistencies in management strategies exist for single metacarpal fractures. Methods: A cross-sectional study of Canadian plastic surgeons who perform hand surgeries was conducted. A 15-question survey was distributed to all members of the Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeons. Participants' demographics, practice settings, and current treatment strategies for patients presenting with single metacarpal fractures were evaluated...
August 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148124/women-plastic-surgeons-of-canada-empow-her-ment-through-education-and-mentorship
#5
EDITORIAL
Helene Retrouvey, Perry Gdalevitch
Gender disparity in plastic surgery in Canada is an important issue. The Women Plastic Surgeons of Canada (WPSC) group was created to highlight the interests and concerns of female members of the Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeons (CSPS). Women Plastic Surgeons of Canada seeks to teach and implement measures to overcome the internal and external factors contributing to "the plastic ceiling." In addition, the WPSC group was created to raise awareness about the gender gap in our leadership and implement strategies to empower female surgeons to "lean in" and seek out leadership roles in plastic surgery...
August 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845053/digital-gold-a-primer-on-cryptocurrency
#6
Douglas R McKay, Daniel A Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845052/oral-exam
#7
Douglas R McKay, Kirsty U Boyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845051/laparoscopic-harvesting-of-omental-flaps-for-breast-reconstruction-a-review-of-the-literature-and-outcome-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Hani Shash, Becher Al-Halabi, Salah Aldekhayel, Tassos Dionisopoulos
Background: Evidence on the use of omental flaps for breast reconstruction in patients with breast cancer is lacking, and no published reviews report an outcome-based assessment of such flap. This review explores available data and evidence for change in complication rates following the shift toward laparoscopic harvesting. Methods: We searched the databases Excerpta Medica database, MEDLINE, and PubMed from inception until December 2015 using search terms "omental flaps" and "breast reconstruction...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845050/innervation-of-the-flexor-digitorum-profundus-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Kun Hwang, Seung Jun Bang, Sook Hyun Chung
Purpose: The aim of this study was to review the innervation of the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP). Methods: In PubMed and Scopus, terms (Flexor digitorum profundus OR FDP) AND (innervation OR nerve) were used, resulting in 233 and 281 papers, respectively. After excluding 142 duplicates, 73 abstracts were reviewed. Forty-seven abstracts were excluded, 26 full papers were reviewed, and 17 papers were analyzed. Results: In most cases (97...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845049/antibiotic-irrigation-of-pocket-for-implant-based-breast-augmentation-to-prevent-capsular-contracture-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Osama A Samargandi, Nadim Joukhadar, Sarah Al Youha, Achilleas Thoma, Jason Williams
Background: In vitro and in vivo studies have described a number of different antibiotic solutions for irrigation of the pocket in implant-based breast augmentation in an attempt to prevent the formation of capsular contracture (CC). Our objective was to evaluate the evidence that antibiotic irrigation reduced the rate of CC. Methods: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL was conducted from inception to January 2016. We included studies which examined the use of intraoperative antibiotic irrigation in women undergoing primary breast augmentation...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845048/undergraduate-plastic-surgery-education-a-national-survey-of-clerkship-directors
#11
Alexander Morzycki, Martin LeBlanc, Jason Williams
Background: The delivery of medical education has received increased attention in recent years due to ongoing time and financial constraints faced by medical educators. Given the recent calls to action by the Carnegie Foundation and Health Canada, an evaluation of the specialty education sector is warranted. To our knowledge, this is the first assessment of the Canadian plastic surgery undergraduate clerkship curriculum. Method: An anonymous electronic survey was distributed to the plastic surgery clerkship directors of all Canadian medical schools (N = 17)...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845047/the-radiographic-quality-of-distal-radius-fracture-reduction-using-sedation-versus-hematoma-block
#12
Lior Koren, Eyal Ginesin, Shahem Elias, Ronit Wollstein, Shlomo Israelit
Introduction: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are treated in the emergency department (ED) with a closed reduction in order to decrease neurovascular and soft tissue injury and as a first definitive step in conservative treatment. The type of anesthesia used may affect the ability to reduce the fracture and remains controversial. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of radiographic reduction achieved in the ED of DRF reduced using sedation anesthesia to those reduced with hematoma block anesthesia...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845046/one-versus-2-venous-anastomoses-in-free-flap-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Jennifer L K Matthews, Noor Alolabi, Forough Farrokhyar, Sophocles H Voineskos
Background: The necessity of a second venous anastomosis in free flap surgery is controversial. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine whether venous flap failure and reoperation rates are lower when 2 venous anastomoses are performed. The secondary objective is to determine whether venous flap failure and reoperation rates are lower when the 2 veins are from 2 different drainage systems. Methods: A comprehensive search of the literature identified relevant studies...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845045/multidisciplinary-cleft-palate-program-at-bc-children-s-hospital-are-we-meeting-the-standards-of-care
#14
Anita Dahiya, Rebecca Courtemanche, Douglas J Courtemanche
Objective: To characterize current Cleft Palate Program (CPP) practices and evaluate the timeliness of appointments with respect to patient age and diagnosis based on American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association (ACPA) population guidelines and CPP patient-specific recommendations. Design: A retrospective review of CPP patient appointments from November 6, 2012, to March 31, 2015, was done. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Setting: The study was conducted using data from the CPP at BC Children's Hospital...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845044/immediate-nerve-transfer-for-treatment-of-peroneal-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-an-intraneural-ganglion-case-report-and-review
#15
Imran Ratanshi, Tod A Clark, Jennifer L Giuffre
Intraneural ganglion cysts, which occur within the common peroneal nerve, are a rare cause of foot drop. The current standard of treatment for intraneural ganglion cysts involving the common peroneal nerve involves (1) cyst decompression and (2) ligation of the articular nerve branch to prevent recurrence. Nerve transfers are a time-dependent strategy for recovering ankle dorsiflexion in cases of high peroneal nerve palsy; however, this modality has not been performed for intraneural ganglion cysts involving the common peroneal nerve...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845043/effects-of-local-use-of-insulin-on-wound-healing-in-non-diabetic-patients
#16
Mario Aurelio Martínez-Jiménez, Francisco Javier Valadez-Castillo, Jorge Aguilar-García, José Luis Ramírez-GarciaLuna, Francisco Israel Gaitán-Gaona, Mauricio Pierdant-Perez, Rodrigo Valdes-Rodríguez, Jesús Martín Sánchez-Aguilar
Background: Clinical trials have shown the positive effects of local insulin therapy in the formation of new vessels and fibrosis in acute and chronic diabetic wounds without major adverse effects. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of local insulin use on wound healing in non-diabetic patients. Methods: A randomized, split-plot, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted. Ten non-diabetic patients with full-thickness acute wounds were recruited (5 due to trauma, 3 to burns, and 2 to pressure)...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619363/looking-for-a-tax-break-offshore-a-primer-on-tax-havens-and-offshore-accounts
#17
REVIEW
Douglas R McKay, Daniel A Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619362/oral-exam
#18
Douglas R McKay, Daniel A Peters, Kirsty U Boyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619361/how-to-prevent-costal-cartilage-graft-warping-in-secondary-correction-of-cleft-lip-nasal-deformity
#19
Hung-Chang Chen, Cheng-I Yen, Shih-Yi Yang, Yen-Chang Hsiao
Introduction: Autologous costal cartilage dorsal onlay graft is widely used for dorsum and radix augmentation in secondary cleft lip nasal rhinoplasty. The most common drawback of costal cartilage dorsal onlay graft is warping. The purpose of this article is to describe our chimeric autologous costal cartilage graft technique, which prevents warping significantly. "Chimeric" means the combination of 2 different tissues (bone and cartilage) to make a single dorsal onlay graft...
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619360/how-many-trigger-fingers-resolve-spontaneously-without-any-treatment
#20
Daniel McKee, Jan Lalonde, Don Lalonde
Introduction: There is very little information in the literature evaluating the natural history of adult trigger fingers and their rate of spontaneous resolution over time. Methods: A consecutive case series of patients with trigger finger was generated. For each patient, we recorded whether the patient's disease resolved from either no treatment versus active treatment options and over what time period. Results: Three hundred forty-three patients with trigger finger were included in the study...
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
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