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Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

Ludovico Abenavoli, Laura Di Renzo, Antonino De Lorenzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Raing Kyu Kim, Soon Yul Kim
Myasthenia gravis causes weakness and fatigue of the skeletal muscles, including respiratory muscles. When immobile surgical fields are needed, neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) are often administered to block muscle activity, leading to an immobile surgical field and respiratory arrest. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are administered to reverse the muscle block, promoting spontaneous respiration for patient recovery. If immobile surgical fields are required in myasthenic patient operations, NMBAs should be administered...
March 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Jin Sung Song, Mansiangi Mankadi Paul, Sarita Dhakal, Mpaka Kiansiku Smith, Mbambula Kyelama Michel, Eunju Cha, Eun Woo Nam
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) for the prevention of malaria and reduction of mortality and morbidity from mosquito-borne diseases. Although many countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo, have adopted this recommendation and distributed bed nets to their inhabitants, the percentage of the population using ITNs remains low. METHODS: This study was conducted with 400 mothers with at least one child under 5 years of age in health zones in the Bandundu province...
March 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Bimala Sharma, Eun Woo Nam, Ha Yun Kim, Jong Koo Kim
BACKGROUND: Witnessing inter-parental violence and bullying victimization is common for many children and adolescents. This study examines the role of witnessing inter-parental violence and bullying victimization in involvement in physical fighting among Peruvian adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,368 randomly selected adolescents in 2015. We conducted logistic regression analyses to obtain crude and adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for involvement in fighting among male and female adolescents...
March 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Yuliya Dronina, Young Min Yoon, Hiroyuki Sakamaki, Eun Woo Nam
BACKGROUND: The Japanese and Korean healthcare systems are very similar and thus, they have the same problems and weaknesses. This study discusses the problems and proposes complementary solutions based on the results of a comparative analysis of conditions in the healthcare systems of the two countries. METHODS: This article presents a comparative analysis of the healthcare status of the two countries based on certain health criteria used worldwide, a literature review, and data from the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare, Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, World Health Organization (WHO), World Bank, and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)...
March 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
James Pryor, Abigail Larson, Mark DeBeliso
BACKGROUND: Concussive events frequently occur in high impact sports such as North American football. The long term effects of concussive events on physical and psychological wellbeing are the focus of ongoing research. The purpose of this study was to determine if concussive events increase the incidence of depression in active semi-professional and professional North American football players. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was sent to 200 players to collect the following self-reported data: position played, years played, number of concussions sustained and subsequent depressive symptoms using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD-R) scale...
March 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Peter D Hart
BACKGROUND: Little is known about physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among rural adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between meeting recommended levels of PA and HRQOL in a rural adult population. METHODS: This study analyzed data from 6,103 rural adults 18 years of age and older participating in a 2013 survey. Respondents reporting at least 150 minutes a week of moderate-intensity (or moderate-vigorous combination) PA during the past month were categorized as meeting PA guidelines...
March 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Seong-Jin Choi, Jae Seung Chang, In Deok Kong
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status is closely associated with an individual's health status. However, there are few studies examining the role of exercise-training as part of a community-based social welfare program in socially vulnerable groups. Given this, our aim was to measure whether long-term exercise training as a social welfare program affects the prevalence of depressive symptoms, metabolic syndrome and peripheral blood vessel condition among participants with low household income...
September 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Heui Sug Jo, Ji Young Moon, Bong Gi Kim, Eun Woo Nam
BACKGROUND: This study explores the relationships between social capital, self-rated health, and happiness and suggests ways to improve the happiness level of a community. METHODS: The survey was conducted with 445 people using stratified random sampling in a medium-sized city in Korea. Collected information included socio-demographic characteristics, social capital, self-rated health, and happiness. RESULTS: Among the demographic characteristics, age had a statistically significant association with happiness level...
September 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Eun Woo Nam, Bimala Sharma, Ha Yun Kim, Doris Jackeline Vasquez Paja, Young Min Yoon, Sun Ha Lee, Eun Hwan Kim, Chung Hyeon Oh, Yun Seop Kim, Chang Hoon Song, Jong Koo Kim
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity and hypertension are global public health issues. The burden of adolescent obesity and hypertension in Peru is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of obesity and hypertension and their relationship among school-attending adolescents and to assess the need for health-promoting school programs in the study area. METHODS: A cross-sectional school-based survey was conducted in a randomly selected sample of 952 secondary school adolescents from 11 schools in Lima or Callao, Peru, in 2014...
September 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Paresh Atu Jaini, Jenny Seung-Hyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Current medical practice is grounded in a biomedical model that fails to effectively address multifaceted lifestyle and morbidogenic environmental components that are the root causes of contemporary chronic diseases. Utilizing the biopsychosocial (BPS) model in medical school training may produce competent healthcare providers to meet the challenge of rising chronic illnesses that are a result of these factors. This study explored the current trend of research on the utility of the BPS model in medical education and examined medical school curricula that have explicitly adopted the BPS model...
September 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Karen Duong, Jenny Seung-Hyun Lee
BACKGROUND: This study examines perception of exercise lifestyle prescription as a valid treatment for depression among rural patients at a primary care clinic in Texas. METHODS: The researchers created a depression and exercise survey completed by 104 patients ages 18 and up living in central, economically disadvantaged rural Texas. Logistic regression was used to analyze data obtained. RESULTS: There was a significant difference (p = 0.01) in perception of exercise as a valid treatment for depression as a function of demographic variables, however not as a function of exercise duration (p = 0...
September 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Minkyung Lee, Jinyoung Won, Seonghoon Lee, Yunkyung Hong, Joo-Heon Kim, Yonggeun Hong
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common known genetic cause of autism spectrum disorder, and is also linked to other neurologic and psychiatric disorders. The purpose of this review article is to examine a variety of recent studies on the correlation between physical exercise and autistic behavior in individuals with fragile X syndrome. Additionally, we discuss promising approaches for further investigation of the benefits of physical exercise for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) patients. A systematic search of the PubMed digital library database for pertinent articles published from 1995 to 2011 was conducted...
September 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Kwang Ho Lee, Hyun Kyo Lim, Ji Hyoung Park, Seung Woo Song
Lymphangioma is a congenital malformation of lymphatic system and often involves the oral cavity. When lymphangioma is located on the mouth floor and enlarges, it can compress the airway and make intubation difficult. The GlideScope(®) video laryngoscope is sometimes used in routine intubation, but is most commonly used in difficult or failed intubation. We report a pediatric patient with a difficult intubation due to a large tongue base mass. The airway was compromised due to limited intraoral space, large mass at the tongue base, and glottis distortion...
March 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Kwang Ho Lee, Hyun Kyo Lim, Ji Hyoung Park, Hye Jin Do, Yeong Gwan Jeon
Although uncommon, anaphylactic reactions during surgery are very dangerous and can result in serious morbidity. Various anesthetics can trigger anaphylactic reactions, and incidents with cephalosporin antibiotics are on the rise. In the case presented, an 84-year-old woman scheduled for calcaneus fracture surgery, was injected with cefbuperazone as a prophylactic antibiotic. On the way to the operating room, before induction of anesthesia, the patient lost consciousness and showed signs of hypoxemia, and anaphylactic reaction, which included hypotension, bronchospasm, and rash...
March 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
TaeHo Kim, Jae Seung Chang, Hanul Kim, Kwang Ho Lee, In Deok Kong
BACKGROUND: Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) is associated with chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension, as well as muscle dysfunction. Previous studies of exercise interventions yield controversial results regarding plasma IGF-1, IGFBP3, and IGF-1/IGFBP3 ratio. In this study, we examined whether 100 km walking exercise affects serum levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP3 and IGF-1/IGFBP3 ratio. We also investigated several metabolic-related blood parameters before and after walking...
March 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Min-Gul Kim, Baik-Hwan Cho, Soo-Wan Chae, Tae-Sun Park, Dal-Sik Kim
BACKGROUND: Systemic low-grade inflammation (SLGI), as assessed by measurements of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), is a strong independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Although individuals with hs-CRP ≤ 1 mg/L have been defined as being at low risk according to AHA/CDC guidelines, the value of very low hs-CRP levels (<0.5 mg/L) for public health practices is unclear. METHODS: This cross-sectional cohort study assessed 104 healthy Koreans aged 34-60 years...
March 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Ki Bae Bang, Yong Kyun Cho
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasingly common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide and is becoming a major public health problem. NAFLD has been recognized as a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome linked with insulin resistance. Growing evidence supports that NAFLD is associated with systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), type 2 diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. The majority of deaths in patients with NAFLD come from cardiovascular disease...
March 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Ji-Hee Kim, Kyu-Hee Hwang, Kyu-Sang Park, In Deok Kong, Seung-Kuy Cha
Klotho-deficient mice have accelerated aging phenotypes, whereas overexpression of Klotho in mice extends lifespan. Klotho is an anti-aging single-pass membrane protein predominantly produced in the kidney, with shedding of the amino-terminal extracellular domain into the systemic circulation. Circulating levels of soluble Klotho decrease with age, and the klotho gene is associated with increased risk of age-related diseases. The three forms of Klotho protein have distinct functions. Membrane Klotho forms a complex with fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptors, functions as an obligatory co-receptor for FGF23, which is involved in aging and the development of chronic diseases via regulation of P i and vitamin D metabolism...
March 2015: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Won Seop Kim, Jong Taek Park, Young Bok Lee, Woo Young Park
Chordoma arises from cellular remnants of the notochord. It is the most common primary malignancy of the spine in adults. Approximately 50% of chordomas arise from the sacrococcygeal area with other areas of the spine giving rise to another 15% of chordomas. Following complete resection, patients can expect a 5-year survival rate of 85%. Chordoma has a recurrence rate of 40%, which leads to a less favorable prognosis. Here, we report two cases of chordoma presenting with occipital neuralgia and cervicalgia...
September 2014: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
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