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Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581959/sleep-quality-and-nutritional-intake-in-subjects-with-sleep-issues-according-to-perceived-stress-levels
#1
Hyejin Kim, Gyeonghui Jeong, Yoo Kyoung Park, Seung Wan Kang
Background: Sleep disorders can negatively affect quality of life with reduced cognitive function. Since stress and eating behavior are considered crucial factors for sleep, this study's aim was to compare objective quality of sleep and nutrition between subjects with sleep issues and different stress levels. Methods: The investigation was performed in adults (≥18 years old) in the Sleep Laboratory between September 2015 and February 2016. Several measurement instruments were utilized, including the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Korean version of the Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument (BEPSI-K), polysomnography, and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581958/effects-of-different-types-of-smoking-cessation-treatments-for-south-korean-adult-smokers-without-an-intention-to-quit
#2
Baksun Sung
Background: While there are many different ways to quit smoking, current methods are not equally successful. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of different types of stop smoking treatment for South Korean adult smokers without an intention to quit. Methods: This cross-sectional study used data of 14,174 adults (age 19 years and over) from the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (2007-2012) who have experience of smoking. The data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581957/impact-of-spiritual-behavior-on-self-reported-illness-a-cross-sectional-study-among-women-in-the-kailali-district-of-nepal
#3
Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Myung-Bae Park, Johny Bajgai
Background: Different health behaviors influence health and illness. Spiritual well-being is one of the most important aspects of health promotion. The aim of this study was to identify the association between spiritual behavior in relation to meditation, worship, and physical exercise during yoga with self-reported disease/illness among women of the Kailali district of Nepal. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 453 randomly selected women in the Kailali district of Nepal within 1 municipality and 4 village development committees (VDC) using cluster sampling...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581956/effects-of-lifestyle-on-muscle-strength-in-a-healthy-danish-population
#4
Else Marie Bartels, Samuel Robertson, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Merete Appleyard, Anders Stockmarr
Background: Lifestyle is expected to influence muscle strength. This study aimed at assessing a possible relationship between smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity, and muscle strength in a healthy Danish population aged 20-79 years. Population study based on data collected from The Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS) and measurements of Isokinetic muscle strength from a sub-study of randomly selected healthy participants from CCHS. Methods: 126 women and 63 men were studied...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581955/effects-of-sedentary-behavior-physical-activity-frequency-of-protein-consumption-lower-extremity-strength-and-lean-mass-on-all-cause-mortality
#5
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
Background: No study has evaluated the potential independent and cumulative effects of physical activity, sedentary behavior, daily frequency of protein consumption, lean mass and muscular strength on mortality risk. Methods: Data from the 1999-2002 NHANES were utilized (N = 1,079 adults 50-85 yr), with follow-up through 2011. Leg lean mass was estimated from DXA scans. Knee extensor strength was assessed using the Kin Com MP dynamometer. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were assessed via questionnaire, with the number of meals/day of ≥30 g of protein/meal assessed via a "multiple pass" 24-hour dietary interview...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581954/influence-of-altered-gut-microbiota-composition-on-aging-and-aging-related-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Jeonghyun Choi, Tai-Young Hur, Yonggeun Hong
The gut microbiota forms a large community that coexists with all species, including humans and rodents. Genome projects have been conducted by many researchers in nearly every country to better understand and treat diseases that lead to death in humans. However, the gut microbiota is known as a "second genome" because it includes microbes, genomic DNA, proteins, and metabolites. A large number of studies have revealed the importance of the gut microbiota. In elderly people, the diversity of the gut microbiota is reduced and there is an increased incidence of degenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, and decreased cognitive and memory functions...
January 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026728/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-body-mass-index-in-a-south-korean-adult-population-a-propensity-score-matching-approach
#7
Baksun Sung
BACKGROUND: One-third of the present adults in South Korea are obese, and previous studies have demonstrated that sleep duration is considered a risk factor for obesity. Hence, I assessed the relationship between sleep duration and body mass index in a South Korean adult population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consists of a representative sample of 4,218 South Korean adults (20-64 years) who participated in the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015)...
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026727/adverse-effects-of-prolonged-sitting-behavior-on-the-general-health-of-office-workers
#8
Hadi Daneshmandi, Alireza Choobineh, Haleh Ghaem, Mehran Karimi
BACKGROUND: Excessive sitting behavior is a risk factor for many adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to survey the prevalence of sitting behavior and its adverse effects among Iranian office workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 447 Iranian office workers. A two-part questionnaire was used as the data collection tool. The first part surveyed the demographic characteristics and general health of the respondents, while the second part contained the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) to assess symptoms...
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026726/hand-grip-strength-and-gender-allometric-normalization-in-older-adults-and-implications-for-the-niosh-lifting-equation
#9
Trish Gail Sevene, Joseph Berning, Chad Harris, Mike Climstein, Kent Jason Adams, Mark DeBeliso
BACKGROUND: Many countries are experiencing an aging workforce with women workers making up a growing proportion. Workplaces often require employees to complete lifting tasks that require the ability of the hand to grasp an implement (coupling). The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has developed an equation for manual lifting tasks hoping to minimize the potential for a workplace back-injury related to a lifting task. The NIOSH lifting equation relies upon stress variables including a coupling factor...
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026725/effects-of-exercise-training-on-physical-fitness-and-biomarker-levels-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
REVIEW
Tae Ho Kim, Jae Seung Chang, In Deok Kong
BACKGROUND: Exercise has been identified as a beneficial intervention to enhance quality of life in breast cancer survivors. In addition, there has been a noteworthy increase in studies emphasizing the benefits of exercise in cancer. We sought to summarize the empirical literature concerning the effects of exercise on physical fitness and biomarker levels in breast cancer survivors according to the type of exercise. METHODS: We searched PubMed and PubMed Central for studies on the association of exercise with the levels of various biomarkers and physical fitness in breast cancer survivors...
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026724/lifestyle-intervention-for-obese-women
#11
REVIEW
Ju-Hee Nho
Obesity produces various physical and psychological health risks in women, including effects on reproductive health. In particular, the possibility of infertility in obese women is high. Lifestyle interventions involving nutrition education, physical activity, and stress management have been shown to be effective in improving the health of obese subjects. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply a lifestyle intervention program to promote reproductive health in obese women.
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026723/circadian-rhythm-disruption-and-subsequent-neurological-disorders-in-night-shift-workers
#12
REVIEW
Yunho Jin, Tai-Young Hur, Yonggeun Hong
A large number of people in highly industrialized society are employed in night-shift work. Night-shift work interrupts the 24-hour daily cycle known as the circadian rhythm, as well as melatonin synthesis. These disruptions can make the body susceptible to oxidative stress and neural damage. In this regard, it is recommended that employees avoid long-term exposure to night-shift work.
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261560/knotting-of-a-cervical-epidural-catheter-in-the-patient-with-post-herpetic-neuralgia-a-rare-complication
#13
Jong Taek Park, Dong Woo Cho, Young Bok Lee
Epidural block is achieved either by single injection of local anesthetic through an epidural needle or as a continuous block by infusion pump through an epidural catheter. Complications associated with epidural catheters include breakage, entrapment, and knotting. Knotting of epidural catheters is very rare, but knotting in lumbar epidural catheters has been reported in a number of studies, and most of these cases involved removal difficulty. We report a case in which we inserted a cervical epidural catheter in a patient who was experiencing severe post-herpetic neuralgia and then removed the knotted catheter without complications...
January 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261559/effects-of-combined-rocuronium-and-cisatracurium-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#14
Woo Young Park, Kwang Ho Lee, Young Bok Lee, Myeong Hoon Kim, Hyun Kyo Lim, Jong Bum Choi
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic upper abdominal surgery can cause spontaneous respiration due to diaphragmatic stimulation and intra-abdominal CO2 inflation. Therefore, sufficient muscle relaxation is necessary for a safe surgical environment. METHODS: We investigated if the combination of rocuronium and cisatracurium can counteract the delayed onset of cisatracurium's action and delayed recovery of muscle relaxation and whether the dosage of rocuronium, which is metabolized hepatically, can be reduced...
January 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261558/awareness-attitude-and-use-of-tobacco-among-medical-students-in-chennai
#15
Ramkumar Boopathirajan, Logaraj Muthunarayanan
BACKGROUND: Health professionals have an important role to play in the fight against tobacco. As individuals, health professionals can help educate the population; as community members, they can support anti-smoking policies; and, at a societal level, they can influence national and global tobacco control efforts. The objectives of the study was to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use among medical students in Chennai and to measure the extent of attitude toward, behavior around and knowledge of tobacco use among medical students...
January 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261557/behavioral-factors-related-to-sleep-quality-and-duration-in-adults
#16
Joohee Shim, Seung Wan Kang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to measure the sleep quality and duration in healthy adults and to identify any influencing factors. METHODS: This study was a descriptive research investigation that evaluated 240 healthy adults at least 19 years of age. The data were assessed using the following self-administered questionnaires: the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Beck Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Korean YZ, and the Fatigue Severity Scale...
January 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261556/relationships-between-dietary-intake-and-cognitive-function-in-healthy-korean-children-and-adolescents
#17
Jin Young Kim, Seung Wan Kang
BACKGROUND: It has long been theorized that a relatively robust dietary intake impacts cognitive function. The aim of the study was to explore dietary intake and cognitive function in healthy Korean children and adolescents. METHODS: Three hundred and seventeen healthy children with no previous diagnosis of neurologic or psychiatric disorders were evaluated (167 girls and 150 boys with a mean age of 11.8 ± 3.3 years). Analysis indicators including food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) consisting of 76 items and neurocognitive tests including symbol digit modalities (SDMT), verbal memory, visual memory, shift attention, reasoning, and digit span (forward and backward) tests were observed and recorded...
January 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261555/food-and-drug-interactions
#18
REVIEW
Jong Hwan Choi, Chang Mann Ko
Natural foods and vegetal supplements have recently become increasingly popular for their roles in medicine and as staple foods. This has, however, led to the increased risk of interaction between prescribed drugs and the bioactive ingredients contained in these foods. These interactions range from pharmacokinetic interactions (absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion influencing blood levels of drugs) to pharmacodynamic interactions (drug effects). In a quantitative respect, these interactions occur mainly during metabolism...
January 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924289/advanced-mitochondrial-dna-assay-for-metabolic-syndrome
#19
Joon Hyung Sohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924288/hysterectomy-due-to-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-in-a-15-year-old-girl-with-rubinstein-taybi-syndrome
#20
Kwang Ho Lee, Eun Young Park, Sang Woo Jung, Seung Woo Song, Hyun Kyo Lim
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome is characterized by mental retardation, atypical facial features, broad thumbs and toes, and scoliosis. Polycystic ovaries are associated with chronic anovulation and abnormal uterine bleeding. A 15-year old female patient was diagnosed with Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome, and had prolonged abnormal uterine bleeding for 2 years, accompanied by a polycystic ovary. As she showed no improvement during hormonal therapy or medical treatment, a hysterectomy was performed to control the bleeding...
September 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
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