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Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124004/papillary-cystadenocarcinoma-of-the-sublingual-gland
#1
Neil Giblett, Syed Farhan Ahsan, Ahmed Messahel
A 68-year-old Caucasian gentleman presented with a 6-month history of a left sided Level I/II neck swelling involving the floor of mouth. MRI revealed a large cystic lesion and histology confirmed a diagnosis of primary papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the sublingual gland. Papillary cystadenocarcinoma was first described in 1991 by the World Health Organisation [WHO], and is a rare malignant neoplasm characterised by cysts and papillary endo-cystic projections. Papillary cystadenocarcinoma arising from the sublingual glands is extremely rare and has the potential to metastasise to cervical lymph nodes...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124003/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumour-a-case-report-and-a-clinical-update
#2
Neelam N Andrade, Paul C Mathai, Rajpari Kamil, Neha Aggarwal
The Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a heterogeneous group of rare lesions consisting predominantly of inflammatory cells and myofibroblastic spindle cells. Head and neck IMTs account for 14 to 18% of extra-pulmonary IMTs [lungs being the most commonly affected regions]. On account of its ambiguous clinical presentation, an IMT needs to be differentiated from other infectious, granulomatous, autoimmune and neoplastic lesions on the basis of histopathologic findings and immunohistochemical analysis...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124002/three-dimensional-reconstruction-of-late-post-traumatic-orbital-wall-defects-by-customized-implants-using-cad-cam-3d-stereolithographic-models-a-case-report
#3
Vignesh U, Divya Mehrotra, Dichen, Vaibhav Anand, Debraj Howlader
Aim: Purpose of this case report is to highlight the precision and accuracy obtained with patient specific implants for orbital reconstruction designed on the basis of volumetric analysis of orbital computed tomographic scan (CT) scans using virtual planning, computerised designing and manufacturing and stereolithographic models to correct late post-traumatic orbital deformities such as enophthalmos and diplopia. Material and methods: This case report describes a patient who visited our outpatient clinic for correction of enophthalmos and persistent diplopia in upward gaze, seven months post trauma...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124001/ameloblastoma-a-retrospective-analysis-of-31-cases
#4
REVIEW
Girish B Giraddi, Kirti Arora, Aamir Malick Saifi
Aims and objective: To evaluate the surgical treatment given and do a regular follow up to study the recurrence rate and complications of ameloblastoma in our institution. Materials and methods: A total of 31 cases of various subtypes of ameloblastoma, treated with different modalities, in the Department of OMFS, were recalled for a follow up & radiographs were taken along with the clinical examination for any recurrence or complications such as fracture/exposure of the reconstruction plate, loosening of the screw, infection of the graft, any draining sinus/signs of infection...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124000/human-papillomavirus-associated-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-controversies-and-new-concepts
#5
REVIEW
Nuzhat Husain, Azfar Neyaz
High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is a causative agent for an increasing subset of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. HPV 16 accounts for 90% of cases. The chance for malignant transformation due to infection with high-risk HPV is proportional to the expression of the viral oncogene products E6 and E7, which inactivate p53 and retinoblastoma (Rb) tumor suppressor functions. P16 is a surrogate marker of HPV associated HNSCC and 2+/3+ expression in more than 75% cells is diagnostic. Molecular demonstration of integrated virus by in situ hybridization is specific but has low sensitivity...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123999/inflammation-related-genes-are-upregulated-in-surgical-margins-of-advanced-stage-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Jaijam Suwanwela, Thanaphum Osathanon
Aims: Advanced stage of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) exhibits different properties compared with the early stage for example an invasion ability. The present study investigated a differential gene expression of surgical margin between advanced and early stage of OSCC. Methods: Gene Expression Omnibus dataset (GSE31056) was downloaded and re-analyzed. Surgical margin samples were categorized into 2 groups; early stage and late stage. Differential gene expression analysis was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123998/feasibility-of-dentascan-in-planning-of-implant-surgery-in-posterior-maxilla-and-mandible
#7
Siddhartha Chandel, Nishi Singh, Amiya Agrawal, Harmurti Singh, H Nandakumar
Objectives: The present evaluate the feasibility of Computed tomography (Dentascan), in assessment of the implant site in posterior maxilla & mandible. Material and Methods: data of total 11 patients with 20 implant sites were involved in the present study. Out of the 20 implant sites selected 10 were in posterior maxilla and 10 in posterior mandible. All the patients were routinely examined by panoramic radiography and CT. All images obtained i.e., conventional panoramic radiograph, and film based Dentascan MPR- CT images were evaluated for the detectability of mandibular canal at the mental foramen, 1 cm, 2 cm, and 3 cm posterior to mental foramen...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123997/noise-levels-and-sound-pollution-associated-with-various-operative-procedures-and-equipments-in-a-pediatric-dental-environment-a-clinical-study
#8
Mousumi Goswami, Darrel Singh, Binny Vashist, Sugandha Marwaha
Aim: To analyse sound levels and sound pollution in a Pediatric Dental Clinic and to analyse whether the levels are significant to the extent of being a health hazard. Methods: Noise levels were measured in a Pediatric dental clinic in an institutional setting with a precision noise level meter ((HTC 1350). Recordings were taken at different times of the day, at the centre, chair-side, reception, play area and four corners of the department keeping the microphone at a distance of 6 in...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123996/herbal-combat-against-e-faecalis-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Shipra Jaidka, Rani Somani, Deepti Jawa Singh, Tasneem Sheikh, Nidhi Chaudhary, Asiya Basheer
Background: Herbs have renewed importance in this modern era for their antimicrobial properties and fewer side effects. So a novel idea to use these herbs for pulpectomy; was implemented. There are chances of failure of pulpectomy due to inefficient removal of microbial load. Thus, for a successful endodontic treatment, obturating material with optimum antimicrobial properties is advocated in the present study. Aim: To compare and evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of zinc oxide eugenol, zinc oxide with tulsi extract and zinc oxide with aloe vera as obturating materials against E...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123995/nodal-involvement-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-scc-patients-with-and-without-oral-sub-mucous-fibrosis-osmf-a-comparative-study
#10
Gaurav Singh, Amar Singh Rana, Anshuman Kumar, Ashish Prajapati, Shubham Kumar, Parul Singh
Aim: The aim of the study is to compare and evaluate neck node status of oral cancer patients with and without Oral Sub Mucous Fibrosis (OSMF) treated surgically. Methodology: A total of 50 patients of Indian origin who were diagnosed with Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) of oral cavity and had not taken any prior treatment were included in the study. Clinical examination and metastatic workup was done for all patients. Patients diagnosed with resectable primary and without distant metastasis were taken up for surgery...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123994/pattern-of-invasion-in-squamous-cell-carcinomas-of-the-lower-lip-and-oral-cavity
#11
Shahroo Etemad-Moghadam, Mojgan Alaeddini
Background: A number of factors may be responsible for the differences in the biologic behaviors of oral and lower lip squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Immunohistochemical invasion profiles have been used to detect invasion patterns like epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) and collective-cell-invasion (CCI), which have not been investigated in lower lip neoplasms. The aim of the present study was to compare the invasive phenotypes of SCCs of the lower lip and oral cavity. Method: A total of 44 OSCCs and 37 lower lip SCCs were immunostained with E-Cadherin, N-Cadherin, and podoplanin...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123993/prevalence-of-areca-nut-chewing-habit-among-high-school-children-of-parsa-district-of-nepal
#12
Sartaj Singh Wazir, Pallak Arora, Shalini Kapoor, Raviraj Jayam, Sugandha Sharma, Trisha Rastogi
Aim: Consumption of areca nut products among school going children has become very common social evil in some areas of Nepal especially adjoining the Indian subcontinent. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of areca nut chewing habit among high school children in Terai belt of Nepal. The use of areca nut has become indigenous in this part and is being used by itself and in various formulations. The regular use of areca nut has been recognized as being carcinogenic to humans...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123992/prevalence-of-oral-tori-and-exostosis-in-malaysian-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Ashish Kumar Singh, Srinivas Sulugodu Ramachandra, Shelly Arora, Daniel Devaprakash Dicksit, C G Kalyan, Priyanshi Singh
Introduction: Oral tori and exostosis are non-pathological bony protuberances seen on the alveolar surfaces of the jaw bones. These are commonly seen on the palatal surfaces of the maxilla [torus palatinus (TP)] and around the premolars in the lingual surface of the mandible [torus mandibularis (TM)]. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of tori/exostosis in the Malaysian population. Methodology: A total of 2666 patients were examined for the presence of tori and exostosis in the maxilla and mandible and were categorized into TP, TM, and exostosis (facial/labial)...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123991/the-use-of-synthes-matrixwave-bone-anchored-arch-bars-for-closed-treatment-of-multiple-concurrent-mandibular-fractures
#14
Elizabeth Kiwanuka, Rajiv Iyengar, Charles Christopher Jehle, Raman Mehrzad, Daniel Kwan
Background: Maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) is an important tool in the treatment of facial fractures and bone-anchored arch bar systems have emerged as treatment options. This study illustrates our experience with the Synthes MatrixWAVE MMF system and the novel application in closed treatment of patients with multiple concurrent mandibular fractures. Methods: We enrolled eight patients with concurrent mandibular fractures and treated them with the MatrixWAVE MMF system...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706792/simultaneous-maxillomandibular-distraction-osteogenesis-in-hemifacial-microsomia-report-of-7-cases
#15
Divya Mehrotra, Debraj Howladar, Dichen P Bhutia
INTRODUCTION: The goal in treating Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is to improve facial symmetry, allow functional jaw movement, obtain stable occlusion, and achieve patient satisfaction. This study was planned with an aim to assess the outcome of simultaneous maxillomandibular distraction osteogenesis in hemifacial microsomia. MATERIAL & METHODS: Seven patients with hemifacial microsomia were included in this study and demographic data was obtained. Simultaneous maxillo-mandibular distraction was planned for correction of maxillary cant, vertical ramal lengthening and midline, by performing unilateral mandibular osteotomy in ramus and distractor fixation, a Le Fort I osteotomy, with fixation at contralateral zygomatic buttress and intermaxillary elastics...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706791/a-novel-approach-for-restoration-of-hemisected-mandibular-first-molar-with-immediately-loaded-single-piece-bcs-implant-a-case-report
#16
Mahender Singh, Ranmeet Batra, Debdutta Das, Shweta Verma, Munish Goel
Mandibular first molars are the major standpoint for occlusion, and also have a wide peri-cemental area. Under specific conditions, hemisection of the tooth is indicated after an endodontic treatment. The following case report presents the hemisection of grossly carious, endodontically treated mandibular first molar, in a 23 year old female, followed by replacement of the mesial root with a single piece immediate loaded BCS (Bi-Cortical Screw) implant and a single unit porcelain fused to metal crown for the prosthetic rehabilitation of the remaining tooth structure, with the BCS implant providing strength and support to the weakened tooth structure...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706790/a-rare-case-of-three-single-rooted-permanent-second-molars-a-diagnosis-with-cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct
#17
Monika Koul, Mrinalini Shahi, Ahsan Abdullah, Vinod Upadhyay
The aim of this article is to present a case with an unusual morphology of maxillary second molars on both sides and a mandibular second molar on right side in the same patient which was observed during routine endodontic procedure. Three second permanent molars had single root, single canal and an accurate assessment of this unusual morphology was made with the help of radiographs and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). This report extends the range of known possible anatomical variations to include teeth with lesser number of roots and canals...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706789/craniometaphyseal-dysplasia-a-review-and-novel-oral-manifestation
#18
K Martin, S Nathwani, R Bunyan
Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia (CMD) is a sclerosing osseous dysplasia characterised by hyperostosis of craniofacial and long bones, resulting in distortion and cranial nerve palsies. We present a case report on the management of a 63 year old female with Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia. This report describes an additional clinical manifestation of hypercementosis, which although well recognised in other sclerosing osseous dysplasias, is not reported in the literature for Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia. We discuss established in vivo studies in mice which link the genetic mutations found in Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia to hypercementosis, and how this report describes the same manifestation in humans...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706788/post-traumatic-superolateral-dislocation-of-condyle-a-case-series-of-18-condyles-with-review-of-literature-and-a-proposed-classification
#19
REVIEW
Dichen Palmo Bhutia, Divya Mehrotra, Nitin Mahajan, Debraj Howlader, Jagdish Gamit
AIM: The aim is to review the English literature for post-traumatic superolateral dislocation of mandibular condyle (SDMC),discuss their dynamics and clinical management and to propose to modify the existing classification of SDMC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature search was carried at Pubmed, Sciencedirect, Google and references from reported articles were crosschecked to look for the cases of SDMC from 1969 to 2015 in English language. Also, we have reviewed 11 of our patients with total of 18 superolateral dislocated intact or sagittal split condyles ,who visited our unit in the previous two years...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706787/effect-of-scaling-root-planing-on-the-activity-of-alp-in-gcf-serum-of-patients-with-gingivitis-chronic-and-aggressive-periodontitis-a-comparative-study
#20
Nishi Singh, Siddhartha Chandel, Harmurti Singh, Amiya Agrawal, A N Savitha
INTRODUCTION: Host response and environmental factors are known to modify periodontal status adversely. Presently serum, saliva, and GCF are being investigated for its biochemical constituents. GCF contains array of biochemical factors, offering potential use as a diagnostic or prognostic biomarker of the biologic state of the periodontium in health and disease. Alkaline phosphatase is produced locally in the periodontium and shows positive correlation with disease activity and PD. Present study was designed to analyze the levels of ALP in GCF and serum of patients with gingivitis, chronic & aggressive periodontitis before and after SRP & to compare the difference within the study groups...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
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