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Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706792/simultaneous-maxillomandibular-distraction-osteogenesis-in-hemifacial-microsomia-report-of-7-cases
#1
Divya Mehrotra, Debraj Howladar, Dichen P Bhutia
INTRODUCTION: The goal in treating Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is to improve facial symmetry, allow functional jaw movement, obtain stable occlusion, and achieve patient satisfaction. This study was planned with an aim to assess the outcome of simultaneous maxillomandibular distraction osteogenesis in hemifacial microsomia. MATERIAL & METHODS: Seven patients with hemifacial microsomia were included in this study and demographic data was obtained. Simultaneous maxillo-mandibular distraction was planned for correction of maxillary cant, vertical ramal lengthening and midline, by performing unilateral mandibular osteotomy in ramus and distractor fixation, a Le Fort I osteotomy, with fixation at contralateral zygomatic buttress and intermaxillary elastics...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706791/a-novel-approach-for-restoration-of-hemisected-mandibular-first-molar-with-immediately-loaded-single-piece-bcs-implant-a-case-report
#2
Mahender Singh, Ranmeet Batra, Debdutta Das, Shweta Verma, Munish Goel
Mandibular first molars are the major standpoint for occlusion, and also have a wide peri-cemental area. Under specific conditions, hemisection of the tooth is indicated after an endodontic treatment. The following case report presents the hemisection of grossly carious, endodontically treated mandibular first molar, in a 23 year old female, followed by replacement of the mesial root with a single piece immediate loaded BCS (Bi-Cortical Screw) implant and a single unit porcelain fused to metal crown for the prosthetic rehabilitation of the remaining tooth structure, with the BCS implant providing strength and support to the weakened tooth structure...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706790/a-rare-case-of-three-single-rooted-permanent-second-molars-a-diagnosis-with-cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct
#3
Monika Koul, Mrinalini Shahi, Ahsan Abdullah, Vinod Upadhyay
The aim of this article is to present a case with an unusual morphology of maxillary second molars on both sides and a mandibular second molar on right side in the same patient which was observed during routine endodontic procedure. Three second permanent molars had single root, single canal and an accurate assessment of this unusual morphology was made with the help of radiographs and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). This report extends the range of known possible anatomical variations to include teeth with lesser number of roots and canals...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706789/craniometaphyseal-dysplasia-a-review-and-novel-oral-manifestation
#4
K Martin, S Nathwani, R Bunyan
Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia (CMD) is a sclerosing osseous dysplasia characterised by hyperostosis of craniofacial and long bones, resulting in distortion and cranial nerve palsies. We present a case report on the management of a 63 year old female with Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia. This report describes an additional clinical manifestation of hypercementosis, which although well recognised in other sclerosing osseous dysplasias, is not reported in the literature for Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia. We discuss established in vivo studies in mice which link the genetic mutations found in Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia to hypercementosis, and how this report describes the same manifestation in humans...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706788/post-traumatic-superolateral-dislocation-of-condyle-a-case-series-of-18-condyles-with-review-of-literature-and-a-proposed-classification
#5
REVIEW
Dichen Palmo Bhutia, Divya Mehrotra, Nitin Mahajan, Debraj Howlader, Jagdish Gamit
AIM: The aim is to review the English literature for post-traumatic superolateral dislocation of mandibular condyle (SDMC),discuss their dynamics and clinical management and to propose to modify the existing classification of SDMC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature search was carried at Pubmed, Sciencedirect, Google and references from reported articles were crosschecked to look for the cases of SDMC from 1969 to 2015 in English language. Also, we have reviewed 11 of our patients with total of 18 superolateral dislocated intact or sagittal split condyles ,who visited our unit in the previous two years...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706787/effect-of-scaling-root-planing-on-the-activity-of-alp-in-gcf-serum-of-patients-with-gingivitis-chronic-and-aggressive-periodontitis-a-comparative-study
#6
Nishi Singh, Siddhartha Chandel, Harmurti Singh, Amiya Agrawal, A N Savitha
INTRODUCTION: Host response and environmental factors are known to modify periodontal status adversely. Presently serum, saliva, and GCF are being investigated for its biochemical constituents. GCF contains array of biochemical factors, offering potential use as a diagnostic or prognostic biomarker of the biologic state of the periodontium in health and disease. Alkaline phosphatase is produced locally in the periodontium and shows positive correlation with disease activity and PD. Present study was designed to analyze the levels of ALP in GCF and serum of patients with gingivitis, chronic & aggressive periodontitis before and after SRP & to compare the difference within the study groups...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706786/role-of-1-5%C3%A2-mm-microplates-in-treatment-of-symphyseal-fracture-of-mandible-a-stress-analysis-based-comparative-study
#7
Syed S Ahmed, Siddharth Bhardwaj, Md Kalim Ansari, Omar Farooq, Abid Ali Khan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To perform comparative finite element analysis (FEA)for 2.0 mm standard miniplate and 1.5 mm microplate in isolated symphyseal mandibular fractures. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Two FE models of mandible were developed and symphyseal fracture was created in both of them. Each fractured model was reduced and fixed using two mini plates and two microplates, respectively according Champ's principle. Stresses thus developed in the plates after application of masticatory load were observed in the models...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706785/effect-of-in-situ-application-of-simvastatin-gel-in-surgical-management-of-osseous-defects-in-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Rajeev Ranjan, Sudhir R Patil, Veena H R
BACKGROUND: The present randomized controlled clinical study was designed to investigate the effect of in situ application of 1.2 mg Simvastatin (SV) gel in the surgical management of Intrabony defects in chronic periodontitis patients. METHODOLOGY: 20 patients contributing 40 sites were categorized into two treatment groups: Open flap debridement plus 1.2 mg SV gel (Group 1) and Open flap debridement plus Placebo gel (Group 2). Gingival index (GI), Plaque index (PI), Pocket depth (PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were recorded at baseline, 3 months, 6 months and 9 months...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706784/healing-of-extraction-socket-following-local-application-of-simvastatin-a-split-mouth-prospective-study
#9
Aamir Malick Saifi, Girish B Giraddi, Nausheer Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The role of simvastatin in lowering serum cholesterol level is well described. However, recent findings suggest they have a role in bone formation as well. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The present prospective study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of simvastatin on bone formation in extraction sockets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 15 patients undergoing all four first premolar extraction were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706783/the-anecdote-of-viral-etiopathogenia-in-ameloblastoma-and-odontogenic-keratocyst-why-don-t-we-let-it-go
#10
Bacem A E O Khalele
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma (AM) and odontogenic Keratocyst (OKC) are destructive odontogenic lesions of the gnathion. Although their exact pathogeneses are not yet totally understood, the viral etiopathogenesis in AM and KCOT has been proposed. True to syndromic keratocystic odontogenic tumor (sKCOT) and non-syndromic OKC is the high recurrence rate. OBJECTIVES: Given that shared pathways trailed by AM and by sKCOT/OKC have been suggested, this study, however, contrasts the expression of AM and OKC for viral antibodies...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706782/immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-podoplanin-in-odontogenic-tumours-cysts-using-anti-human-podoplanin-antibody
#11
Namrata Singhal, Nitin Khanduri, Deepak Kurup, Brijesh Gupta, Pranjan Mitra, Roshani Chawla
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic Cysts & tumors originate through some aberration from the normal pattern of odontogenesis. Ameloblastoma is one of the most frequent intraosseous odontogenic tumors. However it is no longer appropriate to use the diagnosis of ameloblastoma without specifying the type. Varied-clinical entities of ameloblastoma differ in their biologic behaviour. Odontogenic cysts like dentigerous and radicular cysts are less aggressive in nature than odontogenic tumors. Recently, podoplanin commonly used as a lymphatic endothelial marker in cancers has recently been found to play a possible role in odontogenic tumorigenesis also...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706781/assessment-of-condyle-masseter-and-temporal-muscles-volumes-in-patients-with-juvenile-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Sandra Lucia Golin, Nailu Angélica Sinicato, Karyna Valle-Corotti, Acácio Fuziy, Ana Carla Nahas-Scocate, Simone Appenzeller, Andre Luiz Ferreira Costa
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the corticosteroid therapy for both treatment of juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus and disease activity on two masticatory muscles and condyle of the temporomandibular joint. METHODS: A total of 21 controls and 48 juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus patients were investigated. Volumes of the temporal and masseter muscles and condyle of the subjects were assessed by using a 3D reconstruction in magnetic resonance imaging...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706780/neurosensory-evaluation-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-bilateral-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy-of-mandible
#13
P G Antony, Aneesh Sebastian, K George Varghese, C R Sobhana, S Mohan, C S Soumithran, Shiney Domnic, N Jayakumar
Mandibular skeletal deformities are mostly corrected by Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy. One of the main complications of Bilateral Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy is impairement of sensory function of Inferior Alveolar Nerve. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the occurrence of neurosensory disturbance by comparing the subjective and objective assessment of neurosensory responses after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy.To assess the progress of recovery from the first post operative day till six months...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706779/evaluation-of-modified-nasal-to-oral-endotracheal-tube-switch-for-modified-alar-base-cinching-after-maxillary-orthognathic-surgery
#14
Taj Nizam Shakeel Shaik, Sridhar Meka, Pavan Kumar Ch, Naga Neelima Devi Kolli, P Srinivas Chakravarthi, Vivekanand S Kattimani, Krishna Prasad L
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue changes secondary to Maxillary orthognathic surgery are many fold. The alar flare is one among them, which affects the appearance of the patient. Cinch suture has been used to prevent alar flare; but the presence of anaesthetic tube hinders cinching. So, the study was aimed to assess an efficacy of modified nasal to oral tube switch technique for modified alar cinching to prevent alar flare after orthognathic and nasal corrective surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly allocated in each group, who underwent modified alar base cinching with and without nasal to oral tube switch...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331794/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-facial-asymmetry
#15
EDITORIAL
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316927/probiotic-an-emerging-therapy-in-recolonizing-periodontal-pocket
#16
N D Gupta, Shweta Sharma, Vivek Kumar Sharma
One of the etiological factors in the pathogenesis of periodontitis is reduction or the absence of the so-called "beneficial bacteria". Most of the globally applied treatment approach is based on subgingival bacterial elimination but recolonization with less pathogenic bacteria is seen within weeks. Therefore, researchers have started focusing on shifting the current treatment approach from specific bacterial elimination to restoring periodontal pocket with beneficial bacteria. This alteration in the ecology of niches from the one with the pathological plaque to the one with the biofilm of commensals can be achieved via subgingival application of probiotics...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316926/apert-syndrome-with-s252w-fgfr2-mutation-and-characterization-using-phenomizer-an-indian-case-report
#17
Fulesh Kunwar, Shikha Tewari, Sonal R Bakshi
Human genetic disease needs differential diagnosis to optimize clinical management, enable prenatal detection, and genetic counselling. The current methods of robust DNA sequencing also require next generation phenotyping to match with for better interpretation of genotypic and phenotypic heterogeneity commonly observed. We report use of human ontology based phenotypic characterization with Phenomizer that gives statistical score for possible diagnoses based on which, the gene mutation was studied. A case of craniosynostosis which refers to a group of syndromes characterized by a premature fusion of skull was studied...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316925/reconstruction-of-nongrowing-hemifacial-microsomia-patient-with-custom-made-unilateral-temporomandibular-joint-total-joint-prosthesis-and-orthognathic-surgery
#18
Payam Farzad
A case of hemifacial microsomia in a young male is presented. The ascending ramus and condyle was reconstructed utilizing virtual 3D planning with a custom-made total TMJ device (TMJ Concepts, USA) in combination with conventional orthognathic surgery. The alternative available reconstructive options are discussed and the advantages and disadvantages of the technique selected.
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316924/newer-proposed-classification-of-periimplant-defects-a-critical-update
#19
REVIEW
Deepak Passi, Mahinder Singh, Shubha Ranjan Dutta, Sarang Sharma, Mansi Atri, Jyoti Ahlawat, Abhinav Jain
The term peri-implantitis is used to describe a destructive inflammatory process affecting the soft and hard tissues around osseo integrated implants, leads to the formation of a peri-implant pocket and loss of supporting bone. Predisposing factors are Poor Plaque Control, inflammation, infection, Smoking, Diabetes and Occlusal Overload. It is diagnosed on the basis of clinical and radiographic interpretation and still no definite criteria have been proposed for the diagnosis and treatment of peri-implantitis...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316923/antioxidant-enzymes-in-periodontitis
#20
REVIEW
Shilpa Trivedi, Nand Lal
Periodontitis is basically an inflammatory disease initiated by the subgingival biofilm and modified by the individual's aberrant inflammatory/immune response. Various studies have pointed toward the role of oxidative stress in periodontitis. As the reactive oxygen species and antioxidants are in dynamic equilibrium, any disturbance in one would lead to changes in the other. As studying, individual antioxidants is a vast field, this review focuses on the role of antioxidant enzymes in periodontitis and in other related systemic conditions...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
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