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Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900255/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-floor-of-the-mouth-a-rare-presentation
#1
Chandresh Jaiswara, Neeraj Kumar Dhiman, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Naresh Kumar Sharma, Vishal Verma, Arun Pandey
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is an unusual salivary gland malignancy that remains poorly understood. It is a slow growing but aggressive neoplasm with a tendency for recurrence. It is characterized by the proliferation of ductal (luminal) and myoepithelial cells in cribriform, tubular, solid, and cystic forms. Standard treatment, including surgery with postoperative radiation therapy, has attained reasonable local control rates, but distant metastases do not allow any improvement in the survival rate. The understanding of the molecular mechanisms driving ACC is quite rudimentary...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900254/pleomorphic-adenoma-involving-soft-tissue-overlying-the-anterior-border-of-ramus-of-the-mandible-a-rare-ectopic-presentation
#2
Naresh Kumar Sharma, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Arun Pandey, Vishal Verma
Ectopic pleomorphic adenoma is a rare presentation in sites other than major and minor salivary glands. In literature, cases of pleomorphic adenoma in the soft tissue of the neck, skin of the external auditory canal, subcutaneous layer of nose, and lymph node of mediastinum have been reported. We report a case of ectopic pleomorphic adenoma localized in the soft tissue over the anterior border of the ramus of left side of the mandible.
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900253/the-clinico-radiological-spectrum-of-masseteric-venous-malformation-case-report
#3
Kavita Agarwal, Hemant R Umarji, Sonali Kadam, Neeraj Agrawal
Due to its location, intra-masseteric venous malformation often mistaken for a parotid swelling and clinical examination alone frequently underestimates the deep extension of the lesion and rarely gives accurate pre-operative diagnosis. But once it is diagnosed, the feasibility of the treatment and the plan of approach depend on accurate delineation of the extent, size and location of the lesion. Therefore, complimentary radiographic studies are essential for its management. In this case report, typical features of venous malformation within the masseter muscle, including clinical findings (turkey wattle sign) and imaging are presented...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900252/the-rarest-cause-of-impaction-of-mandibular-third-molar-a-case-report
#4
Chandresh Jaiswara, Alka Rani, Neeraj Kumar Dhiman
Mandibular tooth impaction is a very common finding and is usually associated with so many local and systemic causes in which the pathway of tooth eruption is obstructed or misdirected. The local causes are either a local bony lesion or an abnormal position of the adjacent tooth. The case presented here is associated with a very rare cause of impaction, which is the hamartomatus growth of the first and second molars causing the obstruction and leading to the impaction of the adjacent third molar tooth.
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900251/salivary-biomarkers-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-insight
#5
REVIEW
T Radhika, Nadeem Jeddy, S Nithya, R M Muthumeenakshi
Oral cancer refers to the malignancies that occur in the oral cavity, lip and pharynx with 90% of oral cancers being squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). OSCC has the highest mortality ratio compared to other carcinomas. Although oral cavity is easily accessible, most oral cancers are detected at a later stage leading to lower survival rates. Early detection of OSCC is a key factor in improving the prognosis and survival rate of the patient. Rapid advancement in the field of diagnosis has enabled early diagnosis of many potentially malignant conditions even before its clinical manifestations...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900250/effect-of-tens-on-stimulation-of-saliva-in-postmenopausal-women-with-or-without-oral-dryness-an-interventional-study
#6
Aravinda Konidena, Dheeraj Sharma, Gagan Puri, Avani Dixit, Deepa Jatti, Rajesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: Decreased estrogen levels in postmenopausal women may cause an increase in oral symptoms including dry mouth, burning sensation of the mouth, and taste alterations. Management of salivary gland hypofunction by various modalities had been tried with variable results and associated side effects or discomfort. AIM: To evaluate the effects of transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) on whole salivary flow rate in postmenopausal females with and without oral dryness...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900249/the-influence-of-smoking-on-the-levels-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-and-periodontal-parameters-in-smoker-and-nonsmoker-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-a-clinicobiochemical-study
#7
Namita Gupta, Narinder Dev Gupta, Lata Goyal, Shagufta Moin, Saif Khan, Akash Gupta, Sagar Garg
AIMS: Even though worldwide evidences tend to prove that smoking adversely influences periodontal health, there are few studies demonstrating the effect of levels of salivary matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) in smokers. This study aimed to compare and quantify the levels of MMP-8 in smokers and also to evaluate the effect of smoking on periodontal indices in smokers and nonsmokers with chronic periodontitis. METHODS: A total number of 60 subjects were selected for the study and were divided into three groups: group I, healthy nonsmoking subjects; group II, nonsmoking patients with chronic periodontitis; group III, smoking patients with chronic periodontitis...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900248/treatment-of-cystic-lesion-of-mandible-using-combination-of-modified-bone-granules-and-calcium-phosphate-bone-cement-a-preliminary-report
#8
Richik Tripathi, Fahad M Samadi, Sanjeev Kumar
AIMS: This study was conducted to evaluate healing of bony cavity in mandible following enucleation of cystic lesion by obliterating the cavity using modified natural bone granules (G Graft) and calcium phosphate bone cement (G Bone). MATERIALS AND METHOD: In this technique, after enucleation of cystic lesion, peripheral ostectomy using No. 702 fissure bur and perforation of the inferior cortex using 1.5 mm drill bits were performed. Modified hydroxyapatite granules were used to fill the defect while calcium hydroxide bone cement was used to seal the cavity opening...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900247/use-of-autologous-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-osseous-regeneration-after-cystic-enucleation-a-clinical-study
#9
Manzoor Dar, Tajamul Hakim, Ajaz Shah, Latief Najar, Gowhar Yaqoob, Faiqah Lanker
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of PRF in osseous regeneration after enucleation of cystic lesions. The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) to evaluate osseous regeneration radiographically with the use of PRF in intrabony defects after cystic enucleation. (2) To evaluate the degree of bone density in intrabony defects with the use of PRF postoperatively after 1st, 3rd, and 6th months. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 20 cases of cystic lesions were treated using PRF after cystic enucleation...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900246/siga-peroxidase-and-collagenase-in-saliva-of-smokers-aggressive-periodontal-patients
#10
Myriam A Koss, Cecilia E Castro, Agustina M Gramajo, María E López
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is strongly associated with destructive periodontal disease, alveolar bone loss and poor response to periodontal therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of smoking on antimicrobials and destructive proteins in the saliva of patients with generalized aggressive periodontal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 55 adult subjects. They were classified according to their clinical diagnoses either as having generalized aggressive periodontitis (n = 27; 13 smokers and 14 non-smokers) or as periodontitis-free control group (n = 28; 14 smokers and 14 non-smokers)...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900245/image-analysis-assisted-study-of-mitotic-figures-in-oral-epithelial-dysplasia-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-using-differential-stains
#11
Ankita Tandon, Narendra Nath Singh, V R Brave, Gadiputi Sreedhar
BACKGROUND: Mitosis is a process of cell division resulting in two genetically equivalent daughter cells. Excessive proliferation of cells due to mitosis is the hallmark in pre cancer and cancer. AIMS: This study was conducted to count the number of mitotic figures in normal oral mucosa, oral epithelial dysplasia and squamous cell carcinoma in both Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) and Crystal Violet stained sections. Also the overall number of mitotic figures with both stains were compared along with the evaluation of staining efficacy of both the stains...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900244/ultrasound-evaluation-of-intra-osseous-cavity-a-preliminary-study-in-pig-mandibles
#12
Thásia L D Ferreira, Andre Luiz F Costa, Maria José A Tucunduva, Raul R Tucunduva-Neto, Elio H Shinohara, Cláudio F de Freitas
AIMS: To assess the role of ultrasonography as a possible tool for diagnosis of intra-osseous lesions. METHODS: Our sample comprised five macerated pig jaws. The regions of bony crypts of third molars were examined on both sides, totaling 10 examinations. The degrees of difficulty for both ultrasound image visualization and bone translucency were rated by two groups of evaluators (i.e. dental radiologists and physician ultrasonographers). RESULTS: Our results showed that it is possible to detect images of the intra-osseous cavity at a low-degree difficulty by using both radiographic and ultrasonic techniques (46...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900243/trismus-in-oral-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery-and-radiotherapy
#13
Padmanidhi Agarwal, H R Shiva Kumar, Kirthi Kumar Rai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of trismus before and after surgery and subsequent radiotherapy for patients of oral cancer and to determine the risk factors for the same. METHODS: 30 patients diagnosed with oral cancer were included. Maximum mouth opening was measured for each patient as the inter incisal distance and was measured on 4 occasions - preoperatively at the time of diagnosis, post-operatively at discharge from the hospital, post-radiotherapy and at 6 months follow-up...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900242/management-of-rhinomaxillary-mucormycosis-with-posaconazole-in-immunocompetent-patients
#14
Sachin Rai, Shikha Yadav, Dinesh Kumar, Vijay Kumar, Vidya Rattan
Mucormycosis is an opportunistic, uncommon and serious systemic fungal infection mostly presenting in immunocompromised patients. The combination of surgical debridement, parenteral therapy with Amphotericin B and management of the underlying systemic disease is the standard treatment modality for mucormycosis. The drawback of this regime is the need for long hospitalization due to the serious side effects of Amphotericin B requiring regular monitoring. Oral Posaconazole is one of the newer antifungals that have shown promising results...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900241/changes-in-the-salivary-oxidative-status-in-individuals-with-temporomandibular-disorders-and-pain
#15
Claudyane de Almeida, José Miguel Amenábar
Temporomandibular joint disorders are quite common among the general public. Free radicals may play a role in the pathogenesis of joint diseases, and the oxidative stress is an important aspect in the mechanism of TMDs. The use of new biotechnologies has enabled the use of saliva as a diagnostic method. This is the first paper that aims to investigate changes in the oxidative status, through saliva analysis, in individuals who suffer from temporomandibular disorder and pain. Sixty individuals, 54 women and 06 men, aged between 10 and 60, participated in this research...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761396/plagiarism-concern
#16
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761395/hypertonic-saline-solution-for-management-of-parotid-fistula-a-case-report
#17
Ajaz A Shah, Nahida Dar, Mohammed Israr Ul Khaliq, Tajamul Hakeem
The management of parotid fistulae has been unsatisfactory in the past, and numerous methods of treatment with varying success and morbidity have been described. A case of parotid fistula caused by damage to glandular elements during a transparotid approach for a subcondylar fracture reduction is reported. This paper presents a simple but effective and conservative method of treating this complication with the use of hot hypertonic saline.
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761394/management-of-labial-type-of-dens-invaginatus-a-rare-case-report
#18
Ambar W Raut, Vijay Mantri, Shubham Kala, Radha A Raut
Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly resulting in an infolding of the enamel organ into the dental papilla prior to calcification of the dental tissues. The invagination predisposes the tooth for the development of dental caries. Conventional radiographs do not provide detailed information concerning the three-dimensional image, which would help the clinician in making a confirmatory diagnosis and planning the treatment before undertaking the actual treatment. This report describes a case where Oehlers type II dens invaginatus was diagnosed with the help of spiral computed tomography...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761393/mandibular-metastasis-of-cutaneous-melanoma
#19
Josi Amadeu, Cleto Mariosvaldo Piazzetta, Cassius Carvalho Torres-Pereira, José Miguel Amenábar
Melanoma is a malignant neoplasm of melanocytes that can metastasize to every organ of the body, but metastasis to the oral cavity is uncommon. We describe a case of metastatic malignant melanoma to the mandible in a 33-years-old woman. The patient had a 2 cm × 4 cm firm, ulcerated nodule, distal to the second mandibular right molar. Incisional biopsy revealed epithelioid cells and immunohistochemistry was positive for HMB-45, S-100 protein and vimentin. The patient was referred to the local cancer hospital for treatment but died 3 months later...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761392/periosteum-as-a-lateral-pedicle-graft-for-the-treatment-of-single-tooth-root-recession-a-novel-approach
#20
Avadhesh Kumar, Shalini Kaushal, Neelu Verma, Deepti Chandra
The treatment of gingival recession defects is indicated for esthetic and functional reasons to reduce root sensitivity, to remove muscle pull, to create or augment keratinized tissue, and to prevent disease progression. The presence of sufficient amount of periosteum adjacent to gingival recession defects makes it a suitable graft. The adult human periosteum is a highly vascular connective tissue with immense regenerative potential. It contains fibroblasts, osteogenic progenitor cells, and stem cells as a result of which it has the ability to differentiate into fibroblast, osteoblast, chondrocytes, adipocytes, and skeletal myocytes...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
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