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Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331794/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-facial-asymmetry
#1
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316927/probiotic-an-emerging-therapy-in-recolonizing-periodontal-pocket
#2
N D Gupta, Shweta Sharma, Vivek Kumar Sharma
One of the etiological factors in the pathogenesis of periodontitis is reduction or the absence of the so-called "beneficial bacteria". Most of the globally applied treatment approach is based on subgingival bacterial elimination but recolonization with less pathogenic bacteria is seen within weeks. Therefore, researchers have started focusing on shifting the current treatment approach from specific bacterial elimination to restoring periodontal pocket with beneficial bacteria. This alteration in the ecology of niches from the one with the pathological plaque to the one with the biofilm of commensals can be achieved via subgingival application of probiotics...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316926/apert-syndrome-with-s252w-fgfr2-mutation-and-characterization-using-phenomizer-an-indian-case-report
#3
Fulesh Kunwar, Shikha Tewari, Sonal R Bakshi
Human genetic disease needs differential diagnosis to optimize clinical management, enable prenatal detection, and genetic counselling. The current methods of robust DNA sequencing also require next generation phenotyping to match with for better interpretation of genotypic and phenotypic heterogeneity commonly observed. We report use of human ontology based phenotypic characterization with Phenomizer that gives statistical score for possible diagnoses based on which, the gene mutation was studied. A case of craniosynostosis which refers to a group of syndromes characterized by a premature fusion of skull was studied...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316925/reconstruction-of-nongrowing-hemifacial-microsomia-patient-with-custom-made-unilateral-temporomandibular-joint-total-joint-prosthesis-and-orthognathic-surgery
#4
Payam Farzad
A case of hemifacial microsomia in a young male is presented. The ascending ramus and condyle was reconstructed utilizing virtual 3D planning with a custom-made total TMJ device (TMJ Concepts, USA) in combination with conventional orthognathic surgery. The alternative available reconstructive options are discussed and the advantages and disadvantages of the technique selected.
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316924/newer-proposed-classification-of-periimplant-defects-a-critical-update
#5
REVIEW
Deepak Passi, Mahinder Singh, Shubha Ranjan Dutta, Sarang Sharma, Mansi Atri, Jyoti Ahlawat, Abhinav Jain
The term peri-implantitis is used to describe a destructive inflammatory process affecting the soft and hard tissues around osseo integrated implants, leads to the formation of a peri-implant pocket and loss of supporting bone. Predisposing factors are Poor Plaque Control, inflammation, infection, Smoking, Diabetes and Occlusal Overload. It is diagnosed on the basis of clinical and radiographic interpretation and still no definite criteria have been proposed for the diagnosis and treatment of peri-implantitis...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316923/antioxidant-enzymes-in-periodontitis
#6
REVIEW
Shilpa Trivedi, Nand Lal
Periodontitis is basically an inflammatory disease initiated by the subgingival biofilm and modified by the individual's aberrant inflammatory/immune response. Various studies have pointed toward the role of oxidative stress in periodontitis. As the reactive oxygen species and antioxidants are in dynamic equilibrium, any disturbance in one would lead to changes in the other. As studying, individual antioxidants is a vast field, this review focuses on the role of antioxidant enzymes in periodontitis and in other related systemic conditions...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316922/miracle-cells-for-natural-dentistry-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Rani Somani, Shipra Jaidka, Neeti Bajaj, Sameksha Arora
Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specialized cells. Recently, enormous growth has been seen in the recognition of stem cell-based therapies, which have the potential to ameliorate the life of patients with conditions that span from Parkinson's disease to cardiac ischemia to bone or tooth loss. This research has produced new but unexplored possibilities in the regeneration of different organs and tissues. Presently, research is focused on the proficiency of stem cells and their utilization in dentistry, which is gaining interest...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316921/comparison-of-2%C3%A2-mm-single-locking-miniplates-versus-2%C3%A2-mm-two-non-locking-miniplates-in-symphysis-and-parasymphysis-fracture-of-mandible
#8
Arpit Vashistha, Manpreet Singh, Manoj Chaudhary, Nimish Agarwal, Gagandeep Kaur
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of single 2 mm locking miniplates versus two 2 mm non-locking (conventional) miniplates in symphysis and parasymphysis fracture of mandible. METHOD: This present study included 40 patients of maxillofacial trauma having mandibular symphysis/parasymphysis fractures in which open reduction and internal fixation is indicated. Patients were selected according to the inclusion criteria and divided into two groups, i...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316920/measurement-of-ph-and-calcium-ions-release-from-different-calcium-hydroxide-pastes-at-different-intervals-of-time-atomic-spectrophotometric-analysis
#9
Pranab Misra, Rhythm Bains, Kapil Loomba, Abhinav Singh, V P Sharma, R C Murthy, Rakesh Kumar
AIM: To evaluate the effect of different vehicles on pH and release of calcium ions from calcium hydroxide (CH) paste from apical third of root canals. METHODS: 40 single rooted extracted human mandibular premolars were instrumented with RevoS files (MicroMega) up to ISO size 40. The teeth were divided into 4 groups on the basis of vehicle as follows: Group I - calcium hydroxide mixed with 2% chlorhexidine; Group II - calcium hydroxide mixed with propylene glycol; Group III - calcium hydroxide mixed with glycerine; and Control - calcium hydroxide mixed with double distilled water...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316919/prevalence-of-dental-caries-based-on-personality-types-of-35-44-years-old-residents-in-davangere-city
#10
Puja C Yavagal, Hitashi Singla
AIM: To assess dental caries experience of different personality types of 35-44 years old residents in Davangere city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in field setting. Based on Jenkins Activity Survey Questionnaire(11) used to assess the personality types, a personality questionnaire was designed consisting of 20 items. Questionnaire was used to assess and categorize personality types as Type A, Type B and Type AB. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 17...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316918/an-evaluation-of-craniofacial-growth-pattern-in-north-indian-children
#11
Vivek Mehta, R K Pandey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess craniofacial growth pattern in children with generalized decreased skeletal age and compare it with the children having normal skeletal age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms and hand wrist radiographs of 40 patients (age group 3-14 years) were taken and skeletal age assessment was done with hand wrist radiographs according to Greulich and Pyle, based on which two groups were made, Group A - Control group (normal skeletal age) and Group B - study group (decreased skeletal age)...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316917/a-comparative-study-of-syndecan-1-expression-in-different-odontogenic-tumors
#12
Shahroo Etemad-Moghadam, Mojgan Alaeddini
BACKGROUND: Expression of various cellular/molecular factors change during the course of tumor formation from odontogenic tissues of the tooth germ. Evaluation of these factors can help provide a better perception of the tumorigenesis and biologic behavior of odontogenic tumors (OTs). Syndecan-1 is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan which has not been extensively investigated in these lesions. The objective of the present study was to assess the immunohistochemical expression of CD138 in adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT), ameloblastic fibroma (AF) and odontogenic myxoma (OM) and to compare it with ameloblastoma and keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT)...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316916/human-ex-vivo-dentin-pulp-complex-preservation-in-a-full-crown-model
#13
João Botelho, Maria Alzira Cavacas, Gonçalo Borrecho, Mário Polido, Pedro Oliveira, José Martins Dos Santos
OBJECTIVES: Currently, there is lack of human in vitro full tooth models that hold the odontoblast layer with pulp tissue in their native environment. The appearance of new in vitro and in vivo models has provided new understanding of the potential of tissue engineering in dental pulp regeneration. However, the development of new in vitro full tooth models will allow us to get closer to in vivo conditions. Thus, the aim of this study is to preserve a living dentin-pulp complex, in a novel in vitro full crown model, after tooth extraction...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316915/pan-masala-habits-and-risk-of-oral-precancer-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-0-45-million-people-of-north-india
#14
Divya Mehrotra, Sumit Kumar, Shambhavi Mishra, Sandeep Kumar, Prashant Mathur, C M Pandey, Arvind Pandey, Kishore Chaudhry
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional community based study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of consumption habits for non tobacco pan masala (ASU) and the risk of developing oral precancer in North India. METHODS: This study was conducted in the old town of Lucknow city in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. Subjects residing for more than 6 months and aged 15 years or above, were enrolled in the study after their informed consent. A two page survey tool was used to collect the data...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316914/morphometric-analysis-of-prognathic-and-non-prognathic-mandibles-in-relation-to-bsso-sites-using-cbct
#15
Tengku Aszraf Tengku Shaeran, Ramizu Shaari, Shafulizan Abdul Rahman, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Alauddin Muhamad Husin
BACKGROUND: Bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) is the most versatile procedure and adopted by many surgeons to relocate the mandible in patients having mandibular prognathism (MP). Injury to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and unfavorable splits are two surgical complications of BSSO which are associated with mandibular morphology. Uses of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in providing 3-D images has gained a wider acceptance in surgical field nowadays. Its advantages are including reduced cost, lesser radiation dose and smaller physical footprint comparing to the conventional computed tomography...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316913/a-review-of-seasonality-of-cleft-births-the-brazil-experience
#16
Sibele Nascimento de Aquino, Renato Assis Machado, Lívia Máris R Paranaíba, Daniella Reis B Martelli, Daniela Araújo Veloso Popoff, Mário Sérgio O Swerts, Hercílio Martelli-Júnior
AIMS: Evaluate the seasonal influence in nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) in Brazilian patients. METHODS: A case-control study, with 361 unrelated patients with NSCL/P and 481 healthy individuals, was done on a reference service for craniofacial deformities in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Information was collected from clinical records considering gender, month of birth, as well as with the seasons. RESULTS: Nonparametric tests did not show a seasonal variation in month of birth and in seasons of year of NSCL/P compared to a control group (p = 0...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900255/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-floor-of-the-mouth-a-rare-presentation
#17
Chandresh Jaiswara, Neeraj Kumar Dhiman, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Naresh Kumar Sharma, Vishal Verma, Arun Pandey
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is an unusual salivary gland malignancy that remains poorly understood. It is a slow growing but aggressive neoplasm with a tendency for recurrence. It is characterized by the proliferation of ductal (luminal) and myoepithelial cells in cribriform, tubular, solid, and cystic forms. Standard treatment, including surgery with postoperative radiation therapy, has attained reasonable local control rates, but distant metastases do not allow any improvement in the survival rate. The understanding of the molecular mechanisms driving ACC is quite rudimentary...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900254/pleomorphic-adenoma-involving-soft-tissue-overlying-the-anterior-border-of-ramus-of-the-mandible-a-rare-ectopic-presentation
#18
Naresh Kumar Sharma, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Arun Pandey, Vishal Verma
Ectopic pleomorphic adenoma is a rare presentation in sites other than major and minor salivary glands. In literature, cases of pleomorphic adenoma in the soft tissue of the neck, skin of the external auditory canal, subcutaneous layer of nose, and lymph node of mediastinum have been reported. We report a case of ectopic pleomorphic adenoma localized in the soft tissue over the anterior border of the ramus of left side of the mandible.
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900253/the-clinico-radiological-spectrum-of-masseteric-venous-malformation-case-report
#19
Kavita Agarwal, Hemant R Umarji, Sonali Kadam, Neeraj Agrawal
Due to its location, intra-masseteric venous malformation often mistaken for a parotid swelling and clinical examination alone frequently underestimates the deep extension of the lesion and rarely gives accurate pre-operative diagnosis. But once it is diagnosed, the feasibility of the treatment and the plan of approach depend on accurate delineation of the extent, size and location of the lesion. Therefore, complimentary radiographic studies are essential for its management. In this case report, typical features of venous malformation within the masseter muscle, including clinical findings (turkey wattle sign) and imaging are presented...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900252/the-rarest-cause-of-impaction-of-mandibular-third-molar-a-case-report
#20
Chandresh Jaiswara, Alka Rani, Neeraj Kumar Dhiman
Mandibular tooth impaction is a very common finding and is usually associated with so many local and systemic causes in which the pathway of tooth eruption is obstructed or misdirected. The local causes are either a local bony lesion or an abnormal position of the adjacent tooth. The case presented here is associated with a very rare cause of impaction, which is the hamartomatus growth of the first and second molars causing the obstruction and leading to the impaction of the adjacent third molar tooth.
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
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