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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160332/the-contribution-of-human-sciences-to-the-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#1
Guilherme Messas, K W Fulford, Giovanni Stanghellini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160331/primum-non-nocere-or-primum-facere-meliorem-hacking-the-brain-in-the-21st-century
#2
Lucas Borrione, Andre R Brunoni
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that modulates cortical excitability. It is devoid of serious adverse events and exerts variable effects on cognition, with several research findings suggesting that it can improve memory, verbal and mathematical skills. Because tDCS devices are low-cost, portable and relatively easy to assemble, they have become available outside of the medical setting and used for non-medical ("cosmetic") purposes by laypersons. In this sense, tDCS has become a popular technique aiming to improve cognition and the achievement of a better performance not only at work, but also in other fields such as sports, leisure activities (video games) and even the military...
November 13, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160330/anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-brazilian-sexual-minority-ecstasy-and-lsd-users
#3
Lysa S Remy, Juliana Scherer, Luciano Guimarães, Hilary L Surratt, Steven P Kurtz, Flavio Pechansky, Felix Kessler
BACKGROUND: This study examined drug use patterns and psychiatric symptoms of anxiety and depression among young Brazilian sexual minority ecstasy and LSD users and compared findings with those reported for their heterosexual peers. METHOD: This cross-sectional study employed targeted sampling and ethnographic mapping approaches via face-to-face interviews conducted at bars and electronic music festivals using an adapted, semi-structured version of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs questionnaire...
November 13, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977077/erratum
#4
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/2237-6089-2016-0089].
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977076/erratum
#5
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/2237-6089-2016-0039].
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977075/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-sport-anxiety-scale-2-sas-2-for-the-brazilian-context
#6
Viviane Vedovato Silva-Rocha, Flávia de Lima Osório
OBJECTIVE: To present the process of cross-cultural adaptation of the Sport Anxiety Scale-2 (SAS-2) for the Brazilian context. METHOD: The following stages were used: translation into Brazilian Portuguese by independent translators, elaboration of a synthesis version, back-translation, evaluation by experts and pretest with target population. RESULTS: All the stages of cross-cultural adaptation were completed, and in the majority of items evaluated, good concordance between experts was obtained (≥ 80%)...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977074/brazilian-norms-and-effects-of-age-and-education-on-the-hayling-and-trail-making-tests
#7
Nicolle Zimmermann, Caroline de Oliveira Cardoso, Christian Haag Kristensen, Rochele Paz Fonseca
OBJECTIVES: To describe normative data for the Hayling Test and the Trail Making Test (TMT) in a sample of Brazilian adults, and to investigate the effects of age and education on test performance. METHOD: A total of 313 (TMT) and 364 (Hayling) individuals with age ranges of 19-39, 40-59, and 60-75 years, and with at least 5 years of formal education, participated in this study. The tests were administered as part of a large battery of a normative project. Individuals were evaluated individually in silent, ventilated rooms at a university clinic...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977073/narratives-of-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-focus-on-eating-behavior
#8
Cristiane P Lázaro, Milena P Pondé
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the eating behavior of individuals with autism through their mothers' narratives. METHODS: The study of narratives was used to report on the narrators' experiences. Data on the eating habits of individuals with autism were collected using semi-structured interviews held individually with the mothers. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and codified using the NVivo software program. RESULTS: Eighteen mothers of boys/young men with autism participated in the study...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876362/psychotropic-prescriptions-for-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-in-an-outpatient-clinic
#9
Christopher Izehinosen Okpataku, David Tawani
INTRODUCTION: There is an unpredictable pattern in the prescription of antipsychotics and other psychotropic medications for the treatment of schizophrenia, particularly in resource-limited settings in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To determine the psychotropic prescriptions given to patients with schizophrenia in an outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital and to describe the choices and trends of these prescriptions. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of prescriptions for adults with schizophrenia...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876361/the-five-digits-test-in-the-assessment-of-older-adults-with-low-formal-education-construct-validity-and-reliability-in-a-brazilian-clinical-sample
#10
Jonas Jardim de Paula, Thaís Dell'Oro Oliveira, Emanuel Henrique Gonçalves Querino, Leandro Fernandes Malloy-Diniz
INTRODUCTION: In the assessment of older adults with very low formal education, typical tests of selective attention and inhibitory control are biased by reading abilities. In this sense, we aim to assess the psychometric characteristics of the Five Digits Test (FDT), a numerical Stroop paradigm, in older adults without cognitive disorders, with mild cognitive impairment, and with dementia. METHODS: We assessed 211 Brazilian older adults with low formal education using the FDT and other cognitive measures...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813110/trait-vs-state-anxiety-in-different-threatening-situations
#11
Pollyana Caldeira Leal, Tiago Costa Goes, Luiz Carlos Ferreira da Silva, Flavia Teixeira-Silva
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety as a uni- or multidimensional construct has been under discussion. The unidimensional approach assumes that there is a general trait anxiety, which predisposes the individuals to increases in state anxiety in various threatening situations. In this case, there should be a correlation between state and trait anxiety in any situation of threat. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between trait and state anxiety in participants exposed to two different anxiogenic situations: interpersonal threat (Video-Monitored Stroop Test - VMST) and physical threat (third molar extraction - TME)...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813109/assessment-of-inhibitory-control-in-crack-and-or-cocaine-users-a-systematic-review
#12
Fernanda Rasch Czermainski, Alice Rodrigues Willhelm, Álvaro Zaneti Santos, Mayra Pacheco Pachado, Rosa Maria Martins de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: Impairments involving inhibitory control have been considered central deficits in drug users, but it appears that dysfunctions may be specific to users' drug of choice. This article aims to review recent findings on inhibitory control impairment in samples of crack and/or cocaine users. METHODS: Searches were conducted on the PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Knowledge databases in two stages according to eligibility criteria. Initially, databases were searched and the titles and abstracts of results were analyzed and then selected articles were read in full...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767928/trends-in-the-prescription-of-clozapine-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-a-5-year-observational-study
#13
Gabriela Danielski Niehues, Alexandre Balestieri Balan, Vinicius Brum Prá, Raphaela Santos Pellizzaro, Paulo Roberto Antunes da Silva, Manuela Danielski Niehues, Ana Paula Costa, Marcelo Liborio Schwarzbold, Alexandre Paim Diaz
INTRODUCTION: Clozapine is a well-recognized effective treatment for some patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS). Although it has potential benefits and approximately 30% of patients have a clinical indication for clozapine use, prescription rates are low. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clozapine prescription trends over a 5-year period in a tertiary psychiatric hospital. METHODS: In this observational study, data prospectively collected by the Medical and Statistical File Service (Serviço de Arquivo Médico e Estatístico) and the Pharmacy Division of Instituto de Psiquiatria de Santa Catarina between January 2010 and December 2014 were summarized and analyzed by investigators blinded to data collection...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767927/mindfulness-in-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Michele F Rodrigues, Antonio E Nardi, Michelle Levitan
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to conduct a review of the literature covering the use of different mindfulness-based therapy approaches in treatment of mood and anxiety disorders, including mindfulness skills and mindfulness linked to emotional regulation and fear of negative appraisal. METHODS: A review was conducted of literature identified by searching the scientific databases PubMed and PsycINFO with the following keywords: mindfulness, mood disorders, and anxiety disorders...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513760/cell-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-bipolar-mania-in-an-animal-model-a-proof-of-concept-study
#15
Bruna M Ascoli, Rafael Colombo, Luiza P Géa, Paula B Terraciano, Sabrina B Pizzato, Fernanda S de Oliveira, Elizabeth Cirne-Lima, Flávio Kapczinski, Adriane R Rosa
INTRODUCTION: The rationale of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a novel therapeutic approach in certain neurodegenerative diseases is based on their ability to promote neurogenesis. Hippocampal atrophy has been related to bipolar disorder (BD) in preclinical, imaging and postmortem studies. Therefore, the development of new strategies to stimulate the neurogenesis process in BD is crucial. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the behavioral and neurochemical changes induced by transplantation of MSCs in a model of mania-like behavior induced by lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX)...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614436/social-instigation-and-repeated-aggressive-confrontations-in-male-swiss-mice-analysis-of-plasma-corticosterone-crf-and-bdnf-levels-in-limbic-brain-areas
#16
Paula Madeira Fortes, Lucas Albrechet-Souza, Mailton Vasconcelos, Bruna Maria Ascoli, Ana Paula Menegolla, Rosa Maria M de Almeida
Introduction: Agonistic behaviors help to ensure survival, provide advantage in competition, and communicate social status. The resident-intruder paradigm, an animal model based on male intraspecific confrontations, can be an ethologically relevant tool to investigate the neurobiology of aggressive behavior. Objectives: To examine behavioral and neurobiological mechanisms of aggressive behavior in male Swiss mice exposed to repeated confrontations in the resident intruder paradigm...
June 12, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614434/post-stroke-psychosis-how-long-should-we-treat
#17
Maria do Céu Ferreira, Célia Machado, Beatriz Santos, Álvaro Machado
Objective: To describe a rare case of a patient who developed psychotic symptoms after a right stroke that disappeared with antipsychotic treatment, but appears to need low-dose maintenance antipsychotic therapy. Case description: A 65-year-old man presented at the psychiatric emergency service with a history of persistent delusional jealousy, visual illusions and agitation with onset about 1 month after a right posterior cerebral artery ischemic stroke. These symptoms only disappeared with therapeutic dosages of an antipsychotic drug (3 mg/day of risperidone)...
June 12, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700042/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-serious-post-earthquake-complication
#18
Mudassir Farooqui, Syed A Quadri, Sajid S Suriya, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Muhammad Ovais, Zohaib Sohail, Samra Shoaib, Hassaan Tohid, Muhammad Hassan
Objectives: Earthquakes are unpredictable and devastating natural disasters. They can cause massive destruction and loss of life and survivors may suffer psychological symptoms of severe intensity. Our goal in this article is to review studies published in the last 20 years to compile what is known about posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurring after earthquakes. The review also describes other psychiatric complications that can be associated with earthquakes, to provide readers with better overall understanding, and discusses several sociodemographic factors that can be associated with post-earthquake PTSD...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700041/association-between-resilience-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-brazilian-victims-of-urban-violence-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#19
Stefania Pigatto Teche, Alcina Juliana Soares Barros, Regis Goulart Rosa, Luciano Pinto Guimarães, Kariny Larissa Cordini, Julia Domingues Goi, Simone Hauck, Lucia Helena Freitas
Introduction: This study investigated the association between resilience and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Brazilian victims of urban violence. It also compared defense mechanisms, parental bonding, and childhood trauma between those who developed PTSD and those who did not. Methods: This cross-sectional case-control study included 66 adult subjects exposed to recent urban violence in southern Brazil - 33 with PTSD and 33 healthy controls matched by sex and age - who were administered the Resilience Scale, Defense Style Questionnaire, Parental Bonding Instrument, and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700040/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-sexual-function-questionnaire-sfq-into-brazilian-portuguese
#20
Clara de Oliveira Lapa, Gibsi Possapp Rocha, Tiago Reis Marques, Oliver Howes, Shubulade Smith, Ricardo Tavares Monteiro, Roberta Zorzetti, Lucas Spanemberg
Introduction: Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with psychotic illness. This article describes the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Sexual Function Questionnaire (SFQ) into Brazilian Portuguese. Methods: The translation and cross-cultural adaptation followed the guidelines for adapting self-report instruments proposed by the Task Force of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Briefly, ISPOR steps include: preparation, forward translation, reconciliation, back-translation, back-translation review, harmonization, cognitive debriefing, review of cognitive debriefing and finalization, before proofreading and final version...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
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