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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

Maria Claudia Bernardes Spexoto, Sergio Vicente Serrano, Vanessa Halliday, João Maroco, Andrew Wilcock, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties, along with cross-cultural invariance analysis, of the Cancer Appetite and Symptom Questionnaire (CASQ). METHOD: Data from 555 United Kingdom (UK) cancer patients were used to evaluate the psychometric properties of the CASQ. Construct validity was assessed through factorial and convergent validity. We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis using as indices the chi-square ratio by degrees of freedom (χ2/df), the comparative fit index (CFI), the goodness of fit index (GFI), and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA)...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Godspower O Owie, Sunday O Olotu, Bawo O James
INTRODUCTION: Assessing adherence in schizophrenia facilitates interventions that optimize outcomes. Adherence rating questionnaires are feasible and non-intrusive; however, no validated measure exists in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the 10-item Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a cohort of patients with schizophrenia (n=230). A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Scale for the Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD) and the MARS were all administered by an interviewer...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Sidse Marie Arnfred, Paul Møller, Annette Sofie Davidsen
OBJECTIVE: Perplexity and hyperreflectivity are considered important aspects of self-disorders in patients with schizophrenia, yet knowledge of the appropriate psychotherapy for these patients is sparse. We aimed to explore how phenomenological psychologists or psychiatrists described their approach to these patients and their own emotional response when hyperreflectivity and perplexity emerged in therapy or consultations. METHODS: Four e-mail interviews with experienced clinical researchers within the field of phenomenology and schizophrenia were examined using a double hermeneutic qualitative analysis...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Patrícia M Pascoal, Maria-João Alvarez, Magda Sofia Roberto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Beliefs About Appearance Scale (BAAS) in terms of its factorial structure and invariance, reliability, and validity when applied to adults from the community. METHODS: Participants consisted of 810 heterosexual Portuguese individuals in a committed relationship. As a confirmatory factor analysis did not support the original structure of the BAAS, an exploratory factor analysis was performed. RESULTS: A 12-item version was extracted comprising two dimensions: one personal and the other social...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Thalita Gabínio, Thaysse Ricci, Jeffrey P Kahn, Dolores Malaspina, Helena Moreira, André B Veras
Objective To evaluate attachment patterns in subjects with schizophrenia and their relationships to early traumatic events, psychotic symptoms and comorbidities. Methods Twenty patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) underwent retrospective symptom assessment and careful assessment of the number and manner of childhood caregiver changes. The Diagnostic Interview for Psychosis and Affective Disorders (DI-PAD) was used to assess symptoms related to schizophrenia (positive and negative symptoms), depression and mania...
April 5, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Lara Manuela Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Maria de Sousa Pereira, Cláudia Margarida Correia Balula Chaves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and satisfaction with social support with the quality of life of schizophrenic patients. METHODOLOGY: This study included a sample of 268 participants. An interview was conducted to obtain sociodemographic and clinical data, supplemented with two assessment tools used to evaluate quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument-Abbreviated version - WHOQOL-Bref) and satisfaction with social support (Social Support Satisfaction Scale - SSSS)...
March 8, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Daniel C Mograbi, Pamela Indelli, Caio A Lage, Vitória Tebyriça, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Katharine A Rimes
Introduction Beliefs about the unacceptability of expression and experience of emotion are present in the general population but seem to be more prevalent in patients with a number of health conditions. Such beliefs, which may be viewed as a form of perfectionism about emotions, may have a deleterious effect on symptomatology as well as on treatment adherence and outcome. Nevertheless, few questionnaires have been developed to measure such beliefs about emotions, and no instrument has been validated in a developing country...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Daniela Sperotto, Arthur Gus Manfro, Luiza Kvitko Axelrud, Pedro Henrique Manfro, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Diogo Araújo DeSousa
Objective To describe the cross-cultural adaptation of the Anger Rumination Scale (ARS) for use in Brazil. Methods The cross-cultural adaptation followed a four-step process, based on specialized literature: 1) investigation of conceptual and item equivalence; 2) translation and back-translation; 3) pretest; and 4) investigation of operational equivalence. Results A final Brazilian version of the instrument (ARS-Brazil) was defined and is presented. Pretest results revealed that the instrument was generally well understood by adults as well as indicated a few modifications that were included in the final version presented here...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Gabriel Talask, Sabrina Bastos de Freitas, Maria Estela Wildner Rasmussen, Mônica Santos Silva, Rafael Thomaz da Costa, Gisele Pereira Dias, Antonio E Nardi, Marcele Regine de Carvalho
Introduction Intrusive thoughts may cause a significant level of distress, since some individuals evaluate the content of those thoughts as aversive. Suppression of intrusive thoughts is one of the strategies adopted by these individuals, which increases the level of distress. Suppression of thoughts may be present as one of the factors that maintain different psychological disorders. Objective To describe the translation and adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI), which measures thought suppression...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Thierry Berny, Karen Jansen, Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Thaíse Campos Mondin, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Cristian Patrick Zeni, Flavio Kapczinski, Vera Figueiredo
Introduction Biological rhythm is associated with the level of alertness, cognitive performance and mood of the individuals. Its regularity is essential to preserve good health and quality of life. Objective To present the steps for the construction of the scale entitled Biological Rhythm Interview of Assessment in Neuropsychiatry - Kids (BRIAN-K), designed to measure biological rhythm disruptions in Brazilian children and adolescents. Methods Items were developed following the adult version of the scale. Analysis of the psychometric characteristics of the scale was based on the responses of 373 parents/caregivers of school age children (7 and 8 years old)...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Adam Fijtman, Letícia Sanguinetti Czepielewski, Ana Cláudia Mércio Loredo Souza, Paul Felder, Marcia Kauer-Sant'Anna, Joana Bücker
Background Emotional memory is an important type of memory that is triggered by positive and negative emotions. It is characterized by an enhanced memory for emotional stimuli which is usually coupled with a decrease in memory of neutral preceding events. Emotional memory is strongly associated with amygdala function and therefore could be disrupted in neuropsychiatric disorders. To our knowledge, there is no translated and culturally adapted instrument for the Brazilian Portuguese speaking population to assess emotional memory...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Gabriel de Almeida Calado, Isadora Barazzetti Rigon, Jorge Luís Wollstein Moritz, Peter Wolf, Katia Lin
Objective To perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the General Locus of Control (GLoC) questionnaire, which measures where people place causation of events in their lives, i.e., if they interpret events as being the result of their own actions or external factors. Methods After translation and back-translation, a multidisciplinary committee judged and elaborated different versions of the GLoC questionnaire, with a focus on conceptual equivalence, content, comprehensibility and adjustment to the Brazilian socioeconomic context...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Carina Fernandes, Ana Ribeiro Gonçalves, Rita Pasion, Fernando Ferreira-Santos, Tiago Oliveira Paiva, Joana Melo E Castro, Fernando Barbosa, Isabel Pavão Martins, João Marques-Teixeira
Objective To adapt and validate a widely used set of moral dilemmas to European Portuguese, which can be applied to assess decision-making. Moreover, the classical formulation of the dilemmas was compared with a more focused moral probe. Finally, a shorter version of the moral scenarios was tested. Methods The Portuguese version of the set of moral dilemmas was tested in 53 individuals from several regions of Portugal. In a second study, an alternative way of questioning on moral dilemmas was tested in 41 participants...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Thiago Coronato-Nunes, Vilma Aparecida da Silva-Fonseca, Samuel Ball, Azizi Seixas, Girardin Jean-Louis, Rollan Schoo Hirano, Thales Martins Parrot
Objective The current study presents the translation and adaptation of the 20-item Taiwan version of the Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI) into Brazilian Portuguese (BPI-P). Methods After translation and back-translation, the Brazilian Portuguese version was administered to three samples: patients with borderline personality disorder, psychiatric patients with comorbid substance use disorder and volunteers with no reported mental disorders. Results Significant differences between groups for borderline scores (analysis of variance [ANOVA], F = 52...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Martha Rosa, Elena Metcalf, Thiago Botter-Maio Rocha, Christian Kieling
Introduction Major depressive disorder (MDD) is prevalent among young people, with a high incidence during adolescence. It is, therefore, important to have reliable instruments to capture the construct of depression in this population. The objective of the present work is to describe the process of translation and cultural adaptation of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) - Long Version, into Brazilian Portuguese. Method We followed the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) guidelines for translation and cultural adaptation, including the steps of preparation, forward translation, reconciliation, back-translation, back-translation review, harmonization, cognitive debriefing, review of cognitive debriefing results and finalization, proofreading and final report...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Alcina Juliana Soares Barros, Stefania Pigatto Teche, Aline Rodrigues, Charlie Severo, Raquel Saldanha, Ana Margareth Bassols, Carolina Padoan, Camila Costa, Pricilla Laskoski, Diego Rebouças, Cristina Pessi, Glaydcianne Bezerra, Simone Hauck, Claudio Eizirik
OBJECTIVE: This article concerns the translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and apparent validation of the Trauma and Attachment Belief Scale (TABS), an instrument used to assess the psychological effects of traumatic life experiences and vicarious trauma. METHODS: This study involved literature review and evaluation of conceptual and item equivalences involving expert discussion groups focused on the existence and pertinence of the underlying theoretical concepts and corresponding items in a Brazilian context...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Charles Cotrena, Laura Damiani Branco, Rochele Paz Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Decision making (DM) is among the most important abilities for everyday functioning. However, the most widely used measures of DM come from behavioral paradigms, whose ecological validity and standalone use has been criticized in the literature. Though these issues could be addressed by the use of DM questionnaires as a complementary assessment method, no such instruments have been validated for use in Brazilian Portuguese. Therefore, the aim of this study was to conduct the translation and validation of the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire (MDMQ) for use in a Brazilian population...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Flávia M Lima, Taiane A Cardoso, Sílvia D Serafim, Dayane S Martins, Brisa Solé, Anabel Martínez-Arán, Eduard Vieta, Adriane R Rosa
INTRODUCTION: In Brazil, there is no valid instrument to measure subjective cognitive dysfunction in bipolar disorder. The present study analyzed the psychometric properties of the Cognitive Complaints in Bipolar Disorder Rating Assessment (COBRA) in Brazilian bipolar patients. We further investigated the relationship between the COBRA, objective cognitive measures, and illness course variables. METHODS: The total sample (N=150) included 85 bipolar disorder patients and 65 healthy controls...
2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Julia Luiza Schäfer, Bolivar Ramos Cibils Filho, Tayse Conter de Moura, Valquíria Coutinho Tavares, Adriane Xavier Arteche, Christian Haag Kristensen
INTRODUCTION: The Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) was developed to measure nine cognitive strategies referring to what someone thinks after the experience of threatening or stressful events. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Brazilian version of the CERQ. METHODS: The adaptation process included translation, backtranslation, expert committee evaluation, and test on 30 participants from the target population. A sample of 445 university students completed the Portuguese version of the CERQ, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Life Events Checklist (LEC-5), and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) on an on-line research platform...
2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Mahboubeh Dadfar, Zornitsa Kalibatseva, David Lester
INTRODUCTION: The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) is a brief screening and diagnostic tool for depression. It has been used in research and clinical practice in primary care and other clinical and non-clinical settings. The PHQ-9 has not had its validity examined in psychiatric and psychological settings in Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the validation of the Farsi version of the PHQ-9. A convenience sample of 130 Iranian volunteer psychiatric outpatients was selected from psychiatric and psychological clinics...
2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
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