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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

Alcina Juliana Soares Barros, Stefania Pigatto Teche, Aline Rodrigues, Charlie Severo, Raquel Saldanha, Ana Margareth Bassols, Carolina Padoan, Camila Costa, Pricilla Laskoski, Diego Rebouças, Cristina Pessi, Glaydcianne Bezerra, Simone Hauck, Claudio Eizirik
OBJECTIVE: This article concerns the translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and apparent validation of the Trauma and Attachment Belief Scale (TABS), an instrument used to assess the psychological effects of traumatic life experiences and vicarious trauma. METHODS: This study involved literature review and evaluation of conceptual and item equivalences involving expert discussion groups focused on the existence and pertinence of the underlying theoretical concepts and corresponding items in a Brazilian context...
March 8, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Lara Manuela Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Maria de Sousa Pereira, Cláudia Margarida Correia Balula Chaves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and satisfaction with social support with the quality of life of schizophrenic patients. METHODOLOGY: This study included a sample of 268 participants. An interview was conducted to obtain sociodemographic and clinical data, supplemented with two assessment tools used to evaluate quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument-Abbreviated version - WHOQOL-Bref) and satisfaction with social support (Social Support Satisfaction Scale - SSSS)...
March 8, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Charles Cotrena, Laura Damiani Branco, Rochele Paz Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Decision making (DM) is among the most important abilities for everyday functioning. However, the most widely used measures of DM come from behavioral paradigms, whose ecological validity and standalone use has been criticized in the literature. Though these issues could be addressed by the use of DM questionnaires as a complementary assessment method, no such instruments have been validated for use in Brazilian Portuguese. Therefore, the aim of this study was to conduct the translation and validation of the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire (MDMQ) for use in a Brazilian population...
December 4, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Guilherme Messas, K W Fulford, Giovanni Stanghellini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Lucas Borrione, Andre R Brunoni
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that modulates cortical excitability. It is devoid of serious adverse events and exerts variable effects on cognition, with several research findings suggesting that it can improve memory, verbal and mathematical skills. Because tDCS devices are low-cost, portable and relatively easy to assemble, they have become available outside of the medical setting and used for non-medical ("cosmetic") purposes by laypersons. In this sense, tDCS has become a popular technique aiming to improve cognition and the achievement of a better performance not only at work, but also in other fields such as sports, leisure activities (video games) and even the military...
November 13, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Lysa S Remy, Juliana Scherer, Luciano Guimarães, Hilary L Surratt, Steven P Kurtz, Flavio Pechansky, Felix Kessler
BACKGROUND: This study examined drug use patterns and psychiatric symptoms of anxiety and depression among young Brazilian sexual minority ecstasy and LSD users and compared findings with those reported for their heterosexual peers. METHOD: This cross-sectional study employed targeted sampling and ethnographic mapping approaches via face-to-face interviews conducted at bars and electronic music festivals using an adapted, semi-structured version of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs questionnaire...
November 13, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Silvia Bassani Schuch-Goi, Juliana Nichterwitz Scherer, Felix Henrique Paim Kessler, Anne Orgler Sordi, Flavio Pechansky, Lisia von Diemen
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is related with several liver diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinomas, leading to more than 0.5 million deaths every year and to a great global burden. It is known that injection drug users show a high prevalence of HCV infection, being considered a risk group for this disease. Cocaine users seem to be in greater risk than other drug users, and several hypotheses for this association are being studied. AIM: To review data on HCV infection in cocaine users, taking into consideration the relevance of the different routes of drug administration and other risk behaviors...
October 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Marissa E Williams, Benicio N Frey
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common disorder that substantially decreases quality of life for both mother and child. In this longitudinal study, we investigated whether emotional memory, salivary cortisol (sCORT) or alpha-amylase during pregnancy predict postpartum depressive symptoms. METHODS: Forty-four pregnant women (14 euthymic women with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder [MDD] and 30 healthy women) between the ages of 19 and 37 years (mean age = 29...
October 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Filipi Leles da Costa Dias, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Henrique Cerqueira Guimarães, Maira Tonidandel Barbosa, Elisa de Paula França Resende, Rogério Gomes Beato, Karoline Carvalho Carmona, Paulo Caramelli
INTRODUCTION: Late-life depression (LLD) is common, but remains underdiagnosed. Validated screening tools for use with the oldest-old in clinical practice are still lacking, particularly in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of a screening tool for LLD in a community-dwelling oldest-old sample. METHODS: We evaluated 457 community-dwelling elderly subjects, aged ≥75 years and without dementia, with the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)...
October 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Firoz Kazhungil, Ajitha Cholakottil, Shihab Kattukulathil, Abdurazak Kottelassal, Rajeesh Vazhakalayil
INTRODUCTION: Comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is common in bipolar disorder (BD). Clinical characteristics, functionality and familial pattern of this comorbidity are largely understudied. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical profile, familial loading of psychiatric disorders and level of functioning in remitted BD patients who have comorbid OCD and to compare results with those of remitted BD patients without OCD. METHODS: Remitted BD-I subjects were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) and Family Interview for Genetic Studies (FIGS)...
October 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Rafael de Assis da Silva, Daniel C Mograbi, Evelyn V M Camelo, Cristina M T Santana, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Elie Cheniaux
INTRODUCTION: Affective state may influence insight, especially regarding mania. Nevertheless, studies have so far suggested that depression seems not to significantly impair insight. To the best of our knowledge, this study pioneers the evaluation of how insight variations in bipolar depression correlate with clinical variables. METHOD: A group of 165 bipolar patients, 52 of whom had depressive episodes according to DSM-5 criteria, were followed during a year. All patients underwent clinical assessment, and insight was evaluated through the Insight Scale for Affective Disorders (ISAD)...
October 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Allan Gustavo Brigola, Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Keika Inouye, Eneida Mioshi, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini
INTRODUCTION: Older caregivers living in rural areas may be exposed to three vulnerable conditions, i.e., those related to care, their own aging, and their residence context. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association of burden and frailty with cognition performance in older caregivers in rural communities. METHOD: In this cross-sectional survey, 85 older caregivers who cared for dependent elders were included in this study. Global cognition (Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination - Revised; Mini Mental State Examination), burden (Zarit Burden Interview) and frailty (Fried's frailty phenotype) were assessed...
October 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Márcia Rosane Moreira Santana, Cleonice Zatti, Mariana Lunardi Spader, Bibiana Godoi Malgarim, Emílio Salle, Renato Piltcher, Keila Maria Mendes Ceresér, Andre Goettems Bastos, Lúcia Helena Freitas
INTRODUCTION: Acute stress disorder (ASD) encompasses a set of symptoms that can arise in individuals after exposure to a traumatic event. This study assessed the defense mechanisms used by victims of physical trauma who developed ASD. METHOD: This was a controlled cross-sectional study of 146 patients who suffered physical trauma and required hospitalization. A structured questionnaire was used to evaluate ASD symptoms based on DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, in addition to the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ)...
October 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/2237-6089-2016-0089].
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/2237-6089-2016-0039].
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Viviane Vedovato Silva-Rocha, Flávia de Lima Osório
OBJECTIVE: To present the process of cross-cultural adaptation of the Sport Anxiety Scale-2 (SAS-2) for the Brazilian context. METHOD: The following stages were used: translation into Brazilian Portuguese by independent translators, elaboration of a synthesis version, back-translation, evaluation by experts and pretest with target population. RESULTS: All the stages of cross-cultural adaptation were completed, and in the majority of items evaluated, good concordance between experts was obtained (≥ 80%)...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Nicolle Zimmermann, Caroline de Oliveira Cardoso, Christian Haag Kristensen, Rochele Paz Fonseca
OBJECTIVES: To describe normative data for the Hayling Test and the Trail Making Test (TMT) in a sample of Brazilian adults, and to investigate the effects of age and education on test performance. METHOD: A total of 313 (TMT) and 364 (Hayling) individuals with age ranges of 19-39, 40-59, and 60-75 years, and with at least 5 years of formal education, participated in this study. The tests were administered as part of a large battery of a normative project. Individuals were evaluated individually in silent, ventilated rooms at a university clinic...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Cristiane P Lázaro, Milena P Pondé
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the eating behavior of individuals with autism through their mothers' narratives. METHODS: The study of narratives was used to report on the narrators' experiences. Data on the eating habits of individuals with autism were collected using semi-structured interviews held individually with the mothers. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and codified using the NVivo software program. RESULTS: Eighteen mothers of boys/young men with autism participated in the study...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Christopher Izehinosen Okpataku, David Tawani
INTRODUCTION: There is an unpredictable pattern in the prescription of antipsychotics and other psychotropic medications for the treatment of schizophrenia, particularly in resource-limited settings in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To determine the psychotropic prescriptions given to patients with schizophrenia in an outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital and to describe the choices and trends of these prescriptions. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of prescriptions for adults with schizophrenia...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Jonas Jardim de Paula, Thaís Dell'Oro Oliveira, Emanuel Henrique Gonçalves Querino, Leandro Fernandes Malloy-Diniz
INTRODUCTION: In the assessment of older adults with very low formal education, typical tests of selective attention and inhibitory control are biased by reading abilities. In this sense, we aim to assess the psychometric characteristics of the Five Digits Test (FDT), a numerical Stroop paradigm, in older adults without cognitive disorders, with mild cognitive impairment, and with dementia. METHODS: We assessed 211 Brazilian older adults with low formal education using the FDT and other cognitive measures...
July 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
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