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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614436/social-instigation-and-repeated-aggressive-confrontations-in-male-swiss-mice-analysis-of-plasma-corticosterone-crf-and-bdnf-levels-in-limbic-brain-areas
#1
Paula Madeira Fortes, Lucas Albrechet-Souza, Mailton Vasconcelos, Bruna Maria Ascoli, Ana Paula Menegolla, Rosa Maria M de Almeida
Introduction: Agonistic behaviors help to ensure survival, provide advantage in competition, and communicate social status. The resident-intruder paradigm, an animal model based on male intraspecific confrontations, can be an ethologically relevant tool to investigate the neurobiology of aggressive behavior. Objectives: To examine behavioral and neurobiological mechanisms of aggressive behavior in male Swiss mice exposed to repeated confrontations in the resident intruder paradigm...
June 12, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614435/personality-characteristics-and-bariatric-surgery-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#2
Suelen Bordignon, Mayra Juliana Galvis Aparício, Juliana Bertoletti, Clarissa Marceli Trentini
Introduction: Numerous studies have focused on psychological assessment of bariatric surgery candidates, aiming to identify which psychological variables, including personality characteristics, are related to successful surgical prognosis. Objective: To analyze, by means of a systematic literature review, longitudinal studies that investigated personality traits and disorders as possible predictors of outcomes in bariatric surgery. Method: PsycInfo, PubMed, and Scopus databases were searched for studies published between 2005 and 2015, using the keywords "bariatric" AND "personality...
June 12, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614434/post-stroke-psychosis-how-long-should-we-treat
#3
Maria do Céu Ferreira, Célia Machado, Beatriz Santos, Álvaro Machado
Objective: To describe a rare case of a patient who developed psychotic symptoms after a right stroke that disappeared with antipsychotic treatment, but appears to need low-dose maintenance antipsychotic therapy. Case description: A 65-year-old man presented at the psychiatric emergency service with a history of persistent delusional jealousy, visual illusions and agitation with onset about 1 month after a right posterior cerebral artery ischemic stroke. These symptoms only disappeared with therapeutic dosages of an antipsychotic drug (3 mg/day of risperidone)...
June 12, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513760/cell-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-bipolar-mania-in-an-animal-model-a-proof-of-concept-study
#4
Bruna M Ascoli, Rafael Colombo, Luiza P Géa, Paula B Terraciano, Sabrina B Pizzato, Fernanda S de Oliveira, Elizabeth Cirne-Lima, Flávio Kapczinski, Adriane R Rosa
Introduction: The rationale of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a novel therapeutic approach in certain neurodegenerative diseases is based on their ability to promote neurogenesis. Hippocampal atrophy has been related to bipolar disorder (BD) in preclinical, imaging and postmortem studies. Therefore, the development of new strategies to stimulate the neurogenesis process in BD is crucial. Objectives: To investigate the behavioral and neurochemical changes induced by transplantation of MSCs in a model of mania-like behavior induced by lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX)...
May 15, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700042/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-serious-post-earthquake-complication
#5
Mudassir Farooqui, Syed A Quadri, Sajid S Suriya, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Muhammad Ovais, Zohaib Sohail, Samra Shoaib, Hassaan Tohid, Muhammad Hassan
Objectives: Earthquakes are unpredictable and devastating natural disasters. They can cause massive destruction and loss of life and survivors may suffer psychological symptoms of severe intensity. Our goal in this article is to review studies published in the last 20 years to compile what is known about posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurring after earthquakes. The review also describes other psychiatric complications that can be associated with earthquakes, to provide readers with better overall understanding, and discusses several sociodemographic factors that can be associated with post-earthquake PTSD...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700041/association-between-resilience-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-brazilian-victims-of-urban-violence-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#6
Stefania Pigatto Teche, Alcina Juliana Soares Barros, Regis Goulart Rosa, Luciano Pinto Guimarães, Kariny Larissa Cordini, Julia Domingues Goi, Simone Hauck, Lucia Helena Freitas
Introduction: This study investigated the association between resilience and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Brazilian victims of urban violence. It also compared defense mechanisms, parental bonding, and childhood trauma between those who developed PTSD and those who did not. Methods: This cross-sectional case-control study included 66 adult subjects exposed to recent urban violence in southern Brazil - 33 with PTSD and 33 healthy controls matched by sex and age - who were administered the Resilience Scale, Defense Style Questionnaire, Parental Bonding Instrument, and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700040/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-sexual-function-questionnaire-sfq-into-brazilian-portuguese
#7
Clara de Oliveira Lapa, Gibsi Possapp Rocha, Tiago Reis Marques, Oliver Howes, Shubulade Smith, Ricardo Tavares Monteiro, Roberta Zorzetti, Lucas Spanemberg
Introduction: Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with psychotic illness. This article describes the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Sexual Function Questionnaire (SFQ) into Brazilian Portuguese. Methods: The translation and cross-cultural adaptation followed the guidelines for adapting self-report instruments proposed by the Task Force of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Briefly, ISPOR steps include: preparation, forward translation, reconciliation, back-translation, back-translation review, harmonization, cognitive debriefing, review of cognitive debriefing and finalization, before proofreading and final version...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700039/sexual-dysfunction-in-females-with-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Krishnankutty Sreelakshmy, Rajmohan Velayudhan, Deepak Kuriakose, Rema Nair
Introduction: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in depression albeit common is strikingly understudied. The condition, if addressed properly, can be readily cured, improving the quality of life of the patient. Methods: A consecutive sample of drug-naïve married female patients with depression was assessed. Depression was diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I). Depression severity was assessed using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), and sexual dysfunction, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700038/eclectic-approach-to-anxiety-disorders-among-rural-children
#9
Atefeh Ahmadi, Mohamed Sharif Mustaffa, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Syed Mohamed Shafeq Mansor
Introduction: Anxiety disorders in primary school-aged children negatively affect their mental health and psychological development. Available non-medical treatments for these conditions are time-consuming and expensive. In this context, eclectic therapy is a therapeutic approach that incorporates some therapeutic techniques and philosophies to create the ideal treatment. In this study, eclectic therapy consisted of art therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy designed for children suffering from high level of anxiety in their middle childhood years...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700037/perfectionism-and-negative-positive-affect-associations-the-role-of-cognitive-emotion-regulation-and-perceived-distress-coping
#10
Juliana Castro, Maria João Soares, Ana T Pereira, António Macedo
Objective: To explore 1) if perfectionism, perceived distress/coping, and cognitive emotion regulation (CER) are associated with and predictive of negative/positive affect (NA/PA); and 2) if CER and perceived distress/coping are associated with perfectionism and if they mediate the perfectionism-NA/PA associations. There is a distinction between maladaptive and adaptive perfectionism in its association with NA/PA. CER and perceived distress/coping may mediate the maladaptive/adaptive perfectionism and NA/PA associations...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700036/computerized-cognitive-training-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-add-on-treatment-to-stimulants-feasibility-study-and-protocol-description
#11
Virginia de Oliveira Rosa, Marcelo Schmitz, Carlos Roberto Moreira-Maia, Flavia Wagner, Igor Londero, Caroline de Fraga Bassotto, Guilherme Moritz, Caroline Dos Santos de Souza, Luis Augusto Paim Rohde
Background: Cognitive training has received increasing attention as a non-pharmacological approach for the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. Few studies have assessed cognitive training as add-on treatment to medication in randomized placebo controlled trials. The purpose of this preliminary study was to explore the feasibility of implementing a computerized cognitive training program for ADHD in our environment, describe its main characteristics and potential efficacy in a small pilot study...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403325/bitemporal-ultra-brief-pulse-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-in-a-first-psychotic-episode-a-case-report
#12
LETTER
Kathy Aleixo Marcolin, Cazuza Oliveira Rodrigues, Tissiana Maria Falcão Muller, Felipe Salles de Salles, Vitor Calegaro, Angelo Batista Miralha da Cunha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403324/screening-and-diagnosing-postpartum-depression-when-and-how
#13
REVIEW
Gustavo Paranhos de Albuquerque Moraes, Laura Lorenzo, Gabriela Arruda Reinaux Pontes, Maria Cristina Montenegro, Amaury Cantilino
Introduction: Prevalence rates of postpartum depression (PPD) vary widely, depending on the methodological parameters used in studies: differences in study populations, diagnostic methods, and postpartum time frame. There is also no consensus on the ideal time to perform screening, on whether PPD can only be diagnosed in the early postnatal period, or on how soon after a delivery depression may be related to it. Objective: To review which instruments have been used over recent years to screen and diagnose PPD and the prevailing periods of diagnosis...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403323/a-critical-review-of-trials-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-trigeminal-nerve-stimulation-for-depression-the-issue-of-treatment-emergent-mania
#14
REVIEW
Pedro Shiozawa, Quirino Cordeiro, Hyong Jin Cho, Alisson Paulino Trevizol, Elisa Brietzke
Objective: This study is a critical review analyzing occurrence of treatment-emergent mania (TEM) related to transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS). Method: We present a systematic review of the literature on TEM related to tDCS and TNS treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD), conducted in accordance with the recommendations from Cochrane Group and the PRISMA guidelines. Results: Our search identified few reported episodes of TEM in the literature...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403322/serum-concentrations-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-patients-diagnosed-with-gender-dysphoria-undergoing-sex-reassignment-surgery
#15
Maiko A Schneider, Tahiana Andreazza, Anna Martha V Fontanari, Angelo B Costa, Dhiordan C da Silva, Bianca W de Aguiar, Raffael Massuda, Mariana Pedrini, Clarissa S Gama, Karine Schwarz, Marcia Kauer-Sant'Anna, Maria Ines R Lobato
Introduction: Transsexualism (ICD-10) is a condition characterized by a strong and persistent dissociation with one's assigned gender. Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) and hormone therapy provide a means of allowing transsexual individuals to feel more congruent with their gender and have played a major role in treatment over the past 70 years. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) appears to play a key role in recovery from acute surgical trauma and environmentally mediated vulnerability to psychopathology...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403321/depression-anxiety-hopelessness-and-quality-of-life-in-users-of-cocaine-crack-in-outpatient-treatment
#16
Camila Bosse Paiva, Isadora Borne Ferreira, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Joana Corrêa de Magalhães Narvaez
Objective: To identify symptoms of anxiety, depression, and feelings of hopelessness in patients in outpatient treatment for substance dependency and to test for correlations with various aspects of their quality of life. Methods: A cross-sectional study of a sample of 25 men in recuperation from substance dependency, selected by convenience. We assessed symptoms of depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II), anxiety (Beck Anxiety Inventory), hopelessness (Beck Hopelessness Scale), and quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument-Abbreviated version [WHOQOL-Bref]), and also analyzed sociodemographic profile, substance abuse, and family history...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403320/a-proposal-for-a-new-brazilian-six-item-version-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Maicon Rodrigues Albuquerque, Humberto Corrêa, Tiago Castro E Couto, Wallace Santos, Marco Aurelio Romano-Silva, Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos
Introduction: Factor analysis of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) could result in a shorter and easier to handle screening tool. Therefore, the aim of this study was to check and compare the metrics of two different 6-item EPDS subscales. Methods: We administered the EPDS to a total of 3,891 women who had given birth between 1 and 3 months previously. We conducted confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses and plotted receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curves to, respectively, determine construct validity, scale items' fit to the data, and ideal cutoff scores for the short versions...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403319/assessment-of-factors-related-to-smokers-adherence-to-a-short-term-support-group-for-smoking-cessation-a-longitudinal-study-in-a-developing-country
#18
Luciana Rizzieri Figueiró, Helena Maria Tannhauser Barros, Maristela Ferigolo, Denise Conceição Mesquita Dantas
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine which individual characteristics of smokers are associated with their adherence to a support group for smoking cessation. Methods: Smokers from Porto Alegre, Brazil, were invited to participate in a support group for smoking cessation consisting of four weekly sessions. Demographic data, smoking history, presence of tobacco-related diseases, severity of nicotine dependence, stage of motivation, and symptoms of anxiety and depression were evaluated at baseline...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403318/screening-for-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-admitted-to-a-university-hospital-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#19
Carolina Casanova Meneghetti, Bruno Luiz Guidolin, Paulo Roberto Zimmermann, Ana Sfoggia
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients admitted for acute coronary syndrome to a university hospital and to examine associations with use of psychotropic drugs. Methods: Ninety-one patients who had had an acute coronary event were enrolled on this cross-sectional prevalence study. Characteristics of the study population and the prevalence rates of depression and anxiety in the sample were assessed using the Hospital São Lucas da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS) psychiatric consultation protocol, which includes clinical and sociodemographic data, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403317/attention-memory-visuoconstructive-and-executive-task-performance-in-adolescents-with-anxiety-disorders-a-case-control-community-study
#20
Rafaela Behs Jarros, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Cristiano Tschiedel Belem da Silva, Rudineia Toazza, Natália Becker, Marilyn Agranonik, Jerusa Fumagalli de Salles, Gisele Gus Manfro
Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess children and adolescents with mild and severe anxiety disorders for their performance in attention, verbal episodic memory, working memory, visuoconstructive skills, executive functions, and cognitive global functioning and conduct comparative analyses with the performance of children free from anxiety disorders. Methods: Our sample comprised 68 children and adolescents aged 10 to 17 years (41 with current diagnoses of anxiety disorders and 27 controls) selected from a larger cross-sectional community sample of adolescents...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
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