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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234890/global-hippocampal-atrophy-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-studies
#1
Marcelo Antônio Oliveira Santos, Lucas Soares Bezerra, Ana Rita Marinho Ribeiro Carvalho, Alessandra Mertens Brainer-Lima
INTRODUCTION: Major depressive disorder (MDD), an incapacitating mental disorder, is characterized by episodes of at least 2 weeks of apparent changes in mood, cognition, and neurovegetative functions. Many neuroimaging studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have examined morphometric changes in patients with MDD, but the results are not conclusive. This study aims to review the literature and perform a meta-analysis on hippocampal volume (HcV) in patients with MDD. METHODS: Studies on HcV in patients with MDD diagnosis were identified from major databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Scopus, PsycINFO, and SciELO) using the search terms depression, major depressive disorder, MDD, unipolar, magnetic resonance imaging, MRI, and hippocampus...
September 17, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234889/psychometric-properties-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-scale-ders
#2
Ana Carolina Maciel Cancian, Lucas André Schuster de Souza, Victória Helena Pesenti E Silva, Wagner de Lara Machado, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Emotion regulation can be defined as the process by which individuals manage their emotional experience. It has been demonstrated that deficits in this ability are associated with various psychiatric disorders. In this direction, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) was developed to measure difficulties in emotion regulation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the DERS. METHOD: A total of 377 individuals from the general population, selected by convenience, completed a sociodemographic form, the adapted Brazilian Portuguese DERS and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21)...
September 17, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234888/transcultural-adaptation-to-portuguese-of-the-mind-excessively-wandering-scale-mews-for-evaluation-of-thought-activity
#3
Tiago Figueiredo, Pilar Erthal, Dídia Fortes, Phillip Asherson, Paulo Mattos
INTRODUCTION: The concept of mind wandering refers to periods during which attention and content of thoughts depart from the original idea or activity being performed. The phenomenon occurs commonly in the general population and the Mind Wandering Excessively Scale (MEWS) evaluates its frequency, intensity and related negative outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the cross-cultural adaptation of the MEWS. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation of the original scale followed five consecutive steps: translation, backtranslation, appreciation of semantic equivalence and administration to a convenience sample to 20 adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and 20 normal controls...
September 17, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156651/mental-health-information-online-what-we-have-learned-from-social-media-metrics-in-buzzfeed-s-mental-health-week
#4
Thais Martini, Leticia S Czepielewski, Daniel Prates Baldez, Emma Gliddon, Christian Kieling, Lesley Berk, Michael Berk, Marcia Kauer-Sant'Anna
INTRODUCTION: The Internet has seen rapid growth in the number of websites focusing on mental health content. Considering the increased need for access to accurate information about mental health treatment, it is important to understand the promotion of this information online. OBJECTIVE: To analyze BuzzFeed's Mental Health Week (BFMHW) interactions on its own website and in related social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter and YouTube) using metrics of information delivery in mental health topics...
August 23, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156650/suicidal-patients-in-a-psychiatric-emergency-unit-clinical-characteristics-and-aggression-profile
#5
Vítor Crestani Calegaro, Cleonice Zatti, Andre Goettems Bastos, Lucia Helena Machado Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe a profile of patients admitted to a psychiatric emergency facility, comparing patients with and without a recent suicide attempt in terms of their clinical characteristics and aggression. METHODS: This was an exploratory comparative study where patients were assessed using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Overt Aggression Scale (OAS). Participants with a suicide attempt in the last 24 hours (SA) were compared to participants with a prior history of suicide attempt but no recent attempt (PHSA)...
August 23, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156649/evaluation-of-family-caregiver-satisfaction-with-a-mental-health-inpatient-service
#6
Bruna Macedo Dourado, Bianca Fernandes Távora Arruda, Vivian Brito Salles, Sérgio André de Souza Júnior, Virgílio Macedo Dourado, Joel Porfírio Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the satisfaction of family caregivers with a mental health inpatient service in Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. A sample of 80 caretaking family members answered the abbreviated version of the Brazilian Mental Health Services' Family Satisfaction scale (SATIS-BR) and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Categorical variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages and quantitative variables as means and standard deviations...
August 23, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156647/spatial-analysis-and-temporal-trends-of-suicide-mortality-in-sergipe-brazil-2000-2015
#7
Allan Dantas Dos Santos, Luan Michell Lima Guimarães, Yasmin Freire de Carvalho, Luciano da Costa Viana, Gledson Lima Alves, Ana Caroline Rodrigues Lima, Márcio Bezerra Santos, Marco Aurélio de Oliveira Góes, Karina Conceição Gomes Machado de Araújo
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization defines suicide as the act of deliberately killing oneself. It is the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year olds globally. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological profile and the spatial distribution of suicide deaths in the state of Sergipe. METHODS: We performed an ecological time-series study with data from the Brazilian Mortality Information System (Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade - SIM) about deaths by suicide occurring between 2000 and 2015...
August 23, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304119/coping-strategies-among-caregivers-of-people-with-alzheimer-disease-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Alexandre Magno Frota Monteiro, Raquel Luiza Santos, Nathália Kimura, Maria Alice Tourinho Baptista, Marcia Cristina Nascimento Dourado
INTRODUCTION: Caregivers of people with Alzheimer disease (PwAD) report significant stress, burden and depression compared to caregivers of people with other dementias, especially when neuropsychiatric symptoms are prominent. Adequate coping strategies can modify the impact of stressful situations and increase the caregivers' quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the different coping strategies used by caregivers of PwAD to manage neuropsychiatric symptoms...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304118/impact-of-resilience-on-the-improvement-of-depressive-symptoms-after-cognitive-therapies-for-depression-in-a-sample-of-young-adults
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Caroline Elizabeth Konradt, Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Thaíse Campos Mondin, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Flavio Kapczinski, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Karen Jansen
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated positive measures for therapeutic response. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the effects of resilience on severity of depressive and anxious symptoms after brief cognitive psychotherapy for depression. METHODS: This was a clinical follow-up study nested in a randomized clinical trial of cognitive therapies. The Resilience Scale was applied at baseline. The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) were used at baseline, post-intervention, and at six-month follow-up...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304117/the-relationship-between-insight-and-affective-temperament-in-bipolar-disorder-an-exploratory-study
#10
Rafael de Assis da Silva, Daniel C Mograbi, Evelyn V M Camelo, Luiza Nogueira Amadeo, Cristina M T Santana, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Elie Cheniaux
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, the association between temperament and clinical characteristics of mood disorders has been studied. Most bipolar patients show deficits in their awareness of signs and symptoms. The relationship between affective temperament and insight in bipolar patients has not been carried out in the literature so far. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between affective temperament and insight in bipolar disorder. METHOD: A group of 65 bipolar patients were followed during a year...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304116/community-health-services-and-risk-of-readmission-in-public-psychiatric-hospitals-of-belo-horizonte-brazil-2005-2011
#11
Fernando Madalena Volpe, Isabela Pinto Braga, Eliane Mussel da Silva
INTRODUCTION: The readmission phenomenon in psychiatry not only reflects the severity and chronicity of the underlying disorders, but also indicates the quality of mental healthcare. In the context of the Brazilian mental healthcare reform, no study has included the availability of outpatient care among the potential determinants for psychiatric readmission. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the availability of community healthcare resources at the place of residence with the risk of psychiatric readmission...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234887/temporal-discounting-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-childhood-reasons-for-devising-different-tasks
#12
REVIEW
Daniel Augusto Utsumi, Mônica Carolina Miranda
INTRODUCTION: Temporal discounting (TD) describes how a certain reward is seen as less valuable the more its delivery is postponed. There are two main types of TD tasks, hypothetical and real, both of which use monetary rewards. Over the last few years, however, variants of these tasks have been adjusted to assess clinical groups of children showing impulsivity as found in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). OBJECTIVE: To review and discuss studies conducted over the last 10 years on the use of TD tasks in the assessment of pediatric patients with ADHD...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234886/characterization-of-neurological-soft-signs-in-a-brazilian-sample-of-stable-patients-with-schizophrenia
#13
Vinicius Sousa Pietra Pedroso, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, João Vinícius Salgado
INTRODUCTION: Neurological soft signs (NSS) have been considered one of the target features and a potential endophenotype for schizophrenia. The present study aimed to characterize NSS in a sample of patients with chronic schizophrenia and to compare them with healthy control individuals. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the presence of NSS in a sample of stable patients (n = 24) diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV criteria, recruited at the Schizophrenia Outpatient Clinic of Instituto Raul Soares, Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234885/subjective-well-being-religiosity-and-anxiety-a-cross-sectional-study-applied-to-a-sample-of-brazilian-medical-students
#14
Leonardo Machado, Camila Twany Nunes de Souza, Rosália de Oliveira Nunes, Camila Novaes de Santana, Camila Farias de Araujo, Amaury Cantilino
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between subjective well-being (SWB), religiosity, anxiety and other factors in a sample of Brazilian medical students from a public university in northeastern Brazil. METHODS: The present study followed a cross-sectional, observational, analytical approach. Data were collected by administering a self-applicable questionnaire composed of questions focused on sociodemographic data and based on the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWL), Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ), and the Duke Religiosity Index (DUREL)...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156648/suicide-risk-and-childhood-trauma-in-individuals-diagnosed-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Suelen de Lima Bach, Mariane Acosta Lopez Molina, Karen Jansen, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) develops after exposure to a potentially traumatic event. Its clinical condition may lead to the development of risk behaviors, and its early detection is a relevant aspect to be considered. The aim of this study was to assess the association between childhood trauma and suicide risk in individuals with PTSD. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with individuals aged 18 to 60 years who were evaluated at a mental health research outpatient clinic...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156646/socioeconomic-diversities-and-infant-development-at-6-to-9-months-in-a-poverty-area-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#16
Patricia Tella, Luciane da Rosa Piccolo, Mayra Lemus Rangel, Luis Augusto Rohde, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Euripides Constantino Miguel, Sandra Josefina Ferraz Ellero Grisi, Bacy Fleitlich-Bilyk, Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro
INTRODUCTION: The effects of socioeconomic disparities on cognitive development tend to emerge early in infancy and to widen throughout childhood, and may perpetuate later in life. Although the study of how poverty affects early childhood has increased in the last 20 years, many of the effects remain largely unknown, especially during the first year of life. AIM: To investigate the influence of socioeconomic status (SES) and maternal education on infants' language, motor and cognitive development...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156645/the-overprescription-of-antidepressants-and-its-impact-on-the-elderly-in-australia
#17
REVIEW
Muath Alduhishy
INTRODUCTION: Psychopharmaceutical medications are noted for being one of the most commonly prescribed drugs worldwide, which makes the issue of overprescribing them such a heated topic in medicine and psychiatry today. METHOD: A literature review was made to investigate the topic of psychotropic medication prescriptions. The scope intended here is specific to antidepressant use, or rather overuse, in Australia, but it can be compared to the use of other psychotropic drugs in most western countries...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768527/approaching-patients-with-hyperreflectivity-and-perplexity-an-empirical-qualitative-investigation
#18
Sidse Marie Arnfred, Paul Møller, Annette Sofie Davidsen
OBJECTIVE: Perplexity and hyperreflectivity are considered important aspects of self-disorders in patients with schizophrenia, yet knowledge of the appropriate psychotherapy for these patients is sparse. We aimed to explore how phenomenological psychologists or psychiatrists described their approach to these patients and their own emotional response when hyperreflectivity and perplexity emerged in therapy or consultations. METHODS: Four e-mail interviews with experienced clinical researchers within the field of phenomenology and schizophrenia were examined using a double hermeneutic qualitative analysis...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29641648/early-trauma-attachment-experiences-and-comorbidities-in-schizophrenia
#19
Thalita Gabínio, Thaysse Ricci, Jeffrey P Kahn, Dolores Malaspina, Helena Moreira, André B Veras
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate attachment patterns in subjects with schizophrenia and their relationships to early traumatic events, psychotic symptoms and comorbidities. METHODS: Twenty patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) underwent retrospective symptom assessment and careful assessment of the number and manner of childhood caregiver changes. The Diagnostic Interview for Psychosis and Affective Disorders (DI-PAD) was used to assess symptoms related to schizophrenia (positive and negative symptoms), depression and mania...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538474/quality-of-life-in-schizophrenic-patients-the-influence-of-sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics-and-satisfaction-with-social-support
#20
Lara Manuela Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Maria de Sousa Pereira, Cláudia Margarida Correia Balula Chaves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and satisfaction with social support with the quality of life of schizophrenic patients. METHODOLOGY: This study included a sample of 268 participants. An interview was conducted to obtain sociodemographic and clinical data, supplemented with two assessment tools used to evaluate quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument-Abbreviated version - WHOQOL-Bref) and satisfaction with social support (Social Support Satisfaction Scale - SSSS)...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
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