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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

Paulo Marcos Brasil Rocha, Fernando Silva Neves, Humberto Corrêa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Hassaan Tohid
Introduction: The world renowned comedian and four-time Oscar nominated actor Robin Williams died on August 11, 2014. From the outset, the news indicated that his death was believed to be a suicide and this was later confirmed to be true by the autopsy reports. Williams had been suffering from severe depression, which is believed to be the leading contributor to his suicide. In this case study, I will highlight the event of the actor's suicide and the main risk factors along with depression leading to his tragic death...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Pedro Shiozawa, July Silveira Gomes, Daniella Valverde Ducos, Henrique Teruo Akiba, Álvaro Machado Dias, Alisson Paulino Trevizol, Ricardo R Uchida, Natasza Orlov, Quirino Cordeiro
Introduction: We report a transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) protocol over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) combined with cognitive training in schizophrenia. Method: We assessed psychotic symptoms in nine patients using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). All evaluations were scored at baseline, at the end of the intervention protocol, and during a 4-week follow-up. The tDCS protocol consisted of 10 consecutive sessions over 5-day periods...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Larissa de Souza Siqueira, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Lilian Cristine Hübner, Rochele Paz Fonseca
Introduction: The Hayling Test assesses the components of initiation, inhibition, cognitive flexibility and verbal speed by means of a sentence completion task. This study presents the process of developing the Brazilian version of the Child Hayling Test (CHT) and reports evidence of its content validity. Methods: 139 people took part in the study. The adaptation was performed by seven translators and 12 specialist judges. An initial sample of 92 healthy children was recruited to test a selection of sentences adapted from previous adult and pediatric versions of the instrument, and a sample of 28 healthy children was recruited for pilot testing of the final version...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Priscilla Lourenço Leite, Adriana Cardoso Silva
Introduction: Compulsive buying can be characterized as an almost irresistible urge to buy various items. Compulsive buying disorder is a subject of growing interest to health professionals. It is a current issue and the prevalence rate in the global population is around 5 to 8%. Objectives: The main objective of this study was to identify predictors of compulsive buying in the Brazilian population, assessing possible relationships between compulsive buying, depression and anxiety...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Paula Borba Rodrigues, Carla Fonseca Zambaldi, Amaury Cantilino, Everton Botelho Sougey
Introduction: Approximately 22% of all pregnant women are classified as having high-risk pregnancies, which may involve feelings of vulnerability because of having a high-risk pregnancy, resulting in greater exposure to stressful feelings. Objective: To review aspects of high-risk pregnancy that can have a negative impact on the these women's mental health status. Method: Original articles were identified by conducting searches of the PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS and SciELO databases, followed by a manual search of references to select articles and additional bibliographic material...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Alice Rodrigues Willhelm, Paula Madeira Fortes, Fernanda Rasch Czermainski, Aline Schwalm Andrade Rates, Rosa Maria Martins de Almeida
Introduction: The aim of neuropsychological assessment is to understand the multifaceted relationship between behavior, cognition and brain organization. The main objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on impulsivity and inhibitory control in healthy adolescents and preadolescents. Method: Three researchers conducted a systematic review on November 25, 2014. The first step was to conduct searches on the Web of Knowledge and PubMed databases for articles in English using the following keywords: child; adolescents; impulsivity; inhibition; inhibitory control; and neuropsychology...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Carlos Zubaran, Katia Foresti, Karina Nunes Persch
Introduction: Brazil has received influxes of people, mainly from Africa, Europe and Japan, forming one of the most heterogeneous populations in the world. Some groups, particularly in Southern Brazil, have retained their original cultural traditions, whilst acquiring elements of the typical local Brazilian cultural identity. This is the first study designed to formally evaluate biculturality in Brazil. Objective: To psychometrically assess and validate the Portuguese version of the Bicultural Scale (BS) in Brazil...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Lucas de Francisco Carvalho, Catarina Possenti Sette, Bárbara Letícia Ferrari
INTRODUCTION: Personality disorders are among the most common disorders seen in clinical psychology. However, in Brazil there are few instruments for assessing the pathological characteristics of personality. OBJECTIVE: To revise the grandiosity dimension of the Brazilian Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory (Inventário Dimensional Clínico da Personalidade [IDCP]) and investigate its psychometric properties. METHODS: A total of 225 people participated in this study...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Orlando von Doellinger, João Pedro Ribeiro, Ângela Ribeiro, Catarina Freitas, Bruno Ribeiro, João Coelho Silva
Objective: To report a case of post-electroconvulsive therapy spontaneous seizures in a patient medicated with sertraline, bupropion and risperidone. Case description: A 53-year-old woman with recurrent major depression was admitted to our psychiatry department for a major depressive episode of 6 weeks' duration, with psychotic symptoms. She was already on 200 mg/day of sertraline and 2 mg/day of risperidone. After 8 weeks on 200 mg/day of sertraline, 4 mg/day of risperidone and slow release bupropion (titrated to 300 mg/day), with no objective improvements, the decision was taken to initiate a course of 8-10 electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) sessions...
June 27, 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Janaína Barden Schallemberger, Christiane de Fátima Colet
INTRODUCTION: Benzodiazepines are among the most prescribed drugs for anxiety and one of the most used drug classes in the world and have a high potential for addiction. The objective of this study was to assess levels of dependence and anxiety among users of these drugs in the public health system. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and quantitative study. Benzodiazepine users treated on the public health system were selected. Anxiety levels were assessed with the Hamilton Anxiety Scale and dependency with the Benzodiazepine Dependence Self-Report Questionnaire...
June 27, 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Fernanda Barcellos Serralta, John Stuart Ablon
INTRODUCTION: The Psychotherapy Process Q-Set (PQS) prototype method is used to measure the extent to which ideal processes of different psychotherapies are present in real cases, allowing researchers to examine how adherence to these models relates to or predicts change. Results from studies of short-term psychotherapies suggest that the original psychodynamic prototype is more suitable for studying psychoanalysis and long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy than its time-limited counterparts...
June 27, 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Marcelo Montagner Rigoli, Gustavo Ramos Silva, Fernando Rainho de Oliveira, Giovanni Kuckartz Pergher, Christian Haag Kristensen
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly prevalent disorder with important social consequences. Several models have been developed with the aim of understanding the mechanisms underlying its symptoms. Intrusions are idiosyncratic symptoms that commonly take the form of involuntary recollection of images or flashbacks about the traumatic event. OBJECTIVE: To review how memory is conceptualized in each of these models and the implications for clinical practice...
June 27, 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Mehmet Emin Ceylan, Alper Evrensel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Amanda Soares, Pedro Shiozawa, Alisson Paulino Trevizol, Cristiane Silvestre de Paula, Rosane Lowenthal, Quirino Cordeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Ana Ligia da Silva Silveira, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: The International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) Child Abuse Screening Tools (ICAST) is a battery of questionnaires created by the World Health Organization, the United Nations and ISPCAN for researching maltreatment in childhood. This study aims to translate, to adapt and to validate the semantic equivalence of all items on the three questionnaires: ICAST-C (ICAST version for Children), ICAST-R (Retrospective Interview) and ICAST-P (ICAST version for Parents)...
April 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Rudineia Toazza, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Rafaela Behs Jarros, Diogo DeSousa, Jerusa Fumagalli de Salles, Gisele Gus Manfro
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have implicated impaired verbal fluency as being associated with anxiety disorders in adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To replicate and extend previously reported evidence by investigating whether performance in phonemic verbal fluency tasks is related to severity of anxiety symptoms in young children with anxiety disorders. We also aim to investigate whether putative associations are independent from co-occurring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms...
April 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Lucas M Mantovani, Rodrigo Ferretjans, Iara M Marçal, Amanda M Oliveira, Fernanda C Guimarães, João Vinícius Salgado
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the determinants of family burden in a sample of patients with schizophrenia and their caregivers. METHODS: Thirty-one stable patients with schizophrenia and their main caregivers were recruited. Sociodemographic variables were assessed in a semi-structured interview, and positive and negative symptoms were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Cognitive performance was assessed with the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS)...
April 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Fernanda Gonçalves da Silva, Renata Andrade, Isabor Silva, Adriana Cardoso
INTRODUCTION: The internet has proven to be a valuable resource for self-care, allowing access to information and promoting interaction between professionals, caregivers, users of health care services and people interested in health information. However, recurring searches are often related to excessive health anxiety and a phenomenon known as cyberchondria can have impacts on physical and mental health. Within this background, a Cyberchondria Severity Scale has been developed to differentiate healthy and unhealthy behavior in internet searches for health information, based on the following criteria: compulsion, distress, excesses, and trust and distrust of health professionals...
April 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Luciane da Rosa Piccolo, Jerusa Fumagalli de Salles, Olga Garcia Falceto, Carmen Luiza Fernandes, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: According to the literature, children's overall reactivity to stress is associated with their socioeconomic status and family environment. In turn, it has been shown that reactivity to stress is associated with cognitive performance. However, few studies have systematically tested these three constructs together. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between family environment, salivary cortisol measurements and children's memory and executive function performance...
April 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
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