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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076646/cocaine-addiction-treatments-and-future-perspectives
#1
LETTER
Emilio Sánchez-Hervás
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076645/is-there-a-correlation-between-physicians-clinical-impressions-and-patients-perceptions-of-change-use-of-the-perceived-change-scale-with-inpatients-with-mental-disorders
#2
Gabriela Pavan, Julia Almeida Godoy, Ricardo Tavares Monteiro, Hugo Karling Moreschi, Eduardo Lopes Nogueira, Lucas Spanemberg
Introduction: Assessment of the results of treatment for mental disorders becomes more complete when the patient's perspective is incorporated. Here, we aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties and application of the Perceived Change Scale - Patient version (PCS-P) in a sample of inpatients with mental disorders. Methods: One hundred and ninety-one psychiatric inpatients answered the PCS-P and the Patients' Satisfaction with Mental Health Services Scale (SATIS) and were evaluated in terms of clinical and sociodemographic data...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076644/main-mental-disorders-in-crack-cocaine-users-treated-at-psychosocial-care-centers-for-alcohol-and-drugs-in-the-city-of-recife-brazil
#3
Antonio Gomes de Castro, Diego César Nunes da Silva, Magda da Silva Figueiroa
Introduction: Brazil's Northeast region has the highest crack-cocaine consumption in the country. Crack-cocaine has more intense effects than cocaine powder and can cause greater chemical dependence. Psychosocial Care Centers for Alcohol and Drugs (CAPSad) are public health services that provide treatment for drug dependence. It is common for drug users, and particularly crack-cocaine users, to develop mental disorders. Objective: To evaluate the most common mental disorders in crack-cocaine dependents in treatment at CAPSad in the city of Recife, Brazil...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076643/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-rating-scale-for-countertransference-rsct-to-american-english
#4
Rafael Mondrzak, Camila Reinert, Andreia Sandri, Lucas Spanemberg, Eduardo L Nogueira, Mirella Bertoluci, Claudio Laks Eizirik, Nina Rosa Furtado
Introduction: The Rating Scale for Countertransference (RSCT) - originally, Escala para Avaliação de Contratransferência (EACT) - is a self-administered instrument comprising questions that assess 23 feelings (divided into three blocs, closeness, distance, and indifference) that access conscious countertransferential emotions and sentiments. This paper describes the process of translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the RSCT into American English. Methods: This study employed the guidelines proposed by the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) Task Force for Translation and Cultural Adaptation which define 10 steps for translation and cross-cultural adaptation of self-report instruments...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076642/activity-rest-rhythm-of-depressed-adolescents-undergoing-therapy-case-studies
#5
Maria Eugênia Mesquita, Maria Eliza Finazzi, Bruno Gonçalves, Lee Fu-I, Leandro L Duarte, José Ricardo Lopes, José Alberto Del-Porto, Luiz Menna-Barreto
Introduction: Disorders of circadian rhythms have been reported in studies of both depressed children and of depressed adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether there is a relationship between the 24-hour spectral power (24h SP) of the activity/rest rhythm and the clinical course of depression in adolescents. Methods: Six 14 to 17-year-old adolescents were recruited for the study. They were all suffering from major depressive disorder, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) criteria, as identified by the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children: Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL)...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076641/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-checklist-5-pcl-5-and-life-events-checklist-5-lec-5-for-the-brazilian-context
#6
Eduardo de Paula Lima, Alina Gomide Vasconcelos, William Berger, Christian Haag Kristensen, Elizabeth do Nascimento, Ivan Figueira, Mauro Vitor Mendlowicz
Objective: To describe the process of cross-cultural adaptation of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist 5 (PCL-5) and the Life Events Checklist 5 (LEC-5) for the Brazilian sociolinguistic context. Method: The adaptation process sought to establish conceptual, semantic, and operational equivalence between the original items of the questionnaire and their translated versions, following standardized protocols. Initially, two researchers translated the original version of the scale into Brazilian Portuguese...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076640/frontal-lobe-alterations-in-schizophrenia-a-review
#7
Ateeq Mubarik, Hassaan Tohid
Objective: To highlight the changes in the frontal lobe of the human brain in people with schizophrenia. Methods: This was a qualitative review of the literature. Results: Many schizophrenic patients exhibit functional, structural, and metabolic abnormalities in the frontal lobe. Some patients have few or no alterations, while some have more functional and structural changes than others. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shows structural and functional changes in volume, gray matter, white matter, and functional activity in the frontal lobe, but the mechanisms underlying these changes are not yet fully understood...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076639/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-treatment-of-major-depression-during-pregnancy-a-review
#8
Renata de Melo Felipe, Ygor Arzeno Ferrão
Introduction: Pregnancy is characterized by a high prevalence of mental disorders. Depression is the most common of these disorders and it is a risk factor for negative maternal and child development outcomes. Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy are conventional and well-established therapeutic options, but some clients fail to respond and the safety of using some pharmacological agents during pregnancy is unclear. Some neuromodulation techniques, such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), have been studied in depressed pregnant women...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076638/the-future-of-psychiatric-research
#9
Marco Antonio Caldieraro
Psychiatric disorders place considerable burden on individuals and on public health. Funding for research in psychiatry is less than ideal, but even so high quality research is being conducted at many centers. However, these studies have not impacted clinical practice as much as expected. The complexity of psychiatric disorders is one of the reasons why we face difficulties in translating research results to patient care. New technologies and improved methodologies are now available and must be incorporated to deal with this complexity and to accelerate the translational process...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737313/sleep-quality-and-suicidal-behavior-in-euthymic-bipolar-patients
#10
LETTER
Paulo Marcos Brasil Rocha, Fernando Silva Neves, Humberto Corrêa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737312/robin-williams-suicide-a-case-study
#11
Hassaan Tohid
Introduction: The world renowned comedian and four-time Oscar nominated actor Robin Williams died on August 11, 2014. From the outset, the news indicated that his death was believed to be a suicide and this was later confirmed to be true by the autopsy reports. Williams had been suffering from severe depression, which is believed to be the leading contributor to his suicide. In this case study, I will highlight the event of the actor's suicide and the main risk factors along with depression leading to his tragic death...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737311/effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-over-the-prefrontal-cortex-combined-with-cognitive-training-for-treating-schizophrenia-a-sham-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Pedro Shiozawa, July Silveira Gomes, Daniella Valverde Ducos, Henrique Teruo Akiba, Álvaro Machado Dias, Alisson Paulino Trevizol, Ricardo R Uchida, Natasza Orlov, Quirino Cordeiro
Introduction: We report a transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) protocol over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) combined with cognitive training in schizophrenia. Method: We assessed psychotic symptoms in nine patients using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). All evaluations were scored at baseline, at the end of the intervention protocol, and during a 4-week follow-up. The tDCS protocol consisted of 10 consecutive sessions over 5-day periods...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737310/development-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-child-hayling-test
#13
Larissa de Souza Siqueira, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Lilian Cristine Hübner, Rochele Paz Fonseca
Introduction: The Hayling Test assesses the components of initiation, inhibition, cognitive flexibility and verbal speed by means of a sentence completion task. This study presents the process of developing the Brazilian version of the Child Hayling Test (CHT) and reports evidence of its content validity. Methods: 139 people took part in the study. The adaptation was performed by seven translators and 12 specialist judges. An initial sample of 92 healthy children was recruited to test a selection of sentences adapted from previous adult and pediatric versions of the instrument, and a sample of 28 healthy children was recruited for pilot testing of the final version...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737309/psychiatric-and-socioeconomic-aspects-as-possible-predictors-of-compulsive-buying-behavior
#14
Priscilla Lourenço Leite, Adriana Cardoso Silva
Introduction: Compulsive buying can be characterized as an almost irresistible urge to buy various items. Compulsive buying disorder is a subject of growing interest to health professionals. It is a current issue and the prevalence rate in the global population is around 5 to 8%. Objectives: The main objective of this study was to identify predictors of compulsive buying in the Brazilian population, assessing possible relationships between compulsive buying, depression and anxiety...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737308/special-features-of-high-risk-pregnancies-as-factors-in-development-of-mental-distress-a-review
#15
Paula Borba Rodrigues, Carla Fonseca Zambaldi, Amaury Cantilino, Everton Botelho Sougey
Introduction: Approximately 22% of all pregnant women are classified as having high-risk pregnancies, which may involve feelings of vulnerability because of having a high-risk pregnancy, resulting in greater exposure to stressful feelings. Objective: To review aspects of high-risk pregnancy that can have a negative impact on the these women's mental health status. Method: Original articles were identified by conducting searches of the PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS and SciELO databases, followed by a manual search of references to select articles and additional bibliographic material...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737307/neuropsychological-and-behavioral-assessment-of-impulsivity-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#16
Alice Rodrigues Willhelm, Paula Madeira Fortes, Fernanda Rasch Czermainski, Aline Schwalm Andrade Rates, Rosa Maria Martins de Almeida
Introduction: The aim of neuropsychological assessment is to understand the multifaceted relationship between behavior, cognition and brain organization. The main objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on impulsivity and inhibitory control in healthy adolescents and preadolescents. Method: Three researchers conducted a systematic review on November 25, 2014. The first step was to conduct searches on the Web of Knowledge and PubMed databases for articles in English using the following keywords: child; adolescents; impulsivity; inhibition; inhibitory control; and neuropsychology...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27657695/using-the-portuguese-version-of-the-bicultural-scale-in-brazil
#17
Carlos Zubaran, Katia Foresti, Karina Nunes Persch
Introduction: Brazil has received influxes of people, mainly from Africa, Europe and Japan, forming one of the most heterogeneous populations in the world. Some groups, particularly in Southern Brazil, have retained their original cultural traditions, whilst acquiring elements of the typical local Brazilian cultural identity. This is the first study designed to formally evaluate biculturality in Brazil. Objective: To psychometrically assess and validate the Portuguese version of the Bicultural Scale (BS) in Brazil...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355893/revision-of-the-grandiosity-dimension-of-the-dimensional-clinical-personality-inventory-and-verification-of-its-psychometric-properties
#18
Lucas de Francisco Carvalho, Catarina Possenti Sette, Bárbara Letícia Ferrari
INTRODUCTION: Personality disorders are among the most common disorders seen in clinical psychology. However, in Brazil there are few instruments for assessing the pathological characteristics of personality. OBJECTIVE: To revise the grandiosity dimension of the Brazilian Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory (Inventário Dimensional Clínico da Personalidade [IDCP]) and investigate its psychometric properties. METHODS: A total of 225 people participated in this study...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355895/spontaneous-seizures-after-ect-in-a-patient-medicated-with-bupropion-sertraline-and-risperidone
#19
Orlando von Doellinger, João Pedro Ribeiro, Ângela Ribeiro, Catarina Freitas, Bruno Ribeiro, João Coelho Silva
Objective: To report a case of post-electroconvulsive therapy spontaneous seizures in a patient medicated with sertraline, bupropion and risperidone. Case description: A 53-year-old woman with recurrent major depression was admitted to our psychiatry department for a major depressive episode of 6 weeks' duration, with psychotic symptoms. She was already on 200 mg/day of sertraline and 2 mg/day of risperidone. After 8 weeks on 200 mg/day of sertraline, 4 mg/day of risperidone and slow release bupropion (titrated to 300 mg/day), with no objective improvements, the decision was taken to initiate a course of 8-10 electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) sessions...
June 27, 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355894/assessment-of-dependence-and-anxiety-among-benzodiazepine-users-in-a-provincial-municipality-in-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil
#20
Janaína Barden Schallemberger, Christiane de Fátima Colet
INTRODUCTION: Benzodiazepines are among the most prescribed drugs for anxiety and one of the most used drug classes in the world and have a high potential for addiction. The objective of this study was to assess levels of dependence and anxiety among users of these drugs in the public health system. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and quantitative study. Benzodiazepine users treated on the public health system were selected. Anxiety levels were assessed with the Hamilton Anxiety Scale and dependency with the Benzodiazepine Dependence Self-Report Questionnaire...
June 27, 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
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