journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Respiratory Medicine Case Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210540/an-aggressive-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-nonsmokers-a-case-report-of-an-unusual-presentation-of-micropapillary-lung-adenocarcinoma
#1
Aixa Dones Rodríguez, Kelvin Rivera Manzano, Ricardo Fernández González, José R Adorno Fontánez, Ricardo A Hernández, Modesto Gonález Del Rosario, Rafael Vicens Rodríguez, Joel E Nieves Scharon
We describe a case of an unusual fast growing lung micropapillary-predominant adenocarcinoma in a nonsmoker male patient without pre-existing lung disease. Adenocarcinomas have been described to be slow growing tumors, however our patient presented a fast-growing rate over a period of 21 days. When the patient failed broad spectrum antibiotic coverage, malignancy became part of the differential diagnosis. Once malignancy was detected, prompt identification and treatment was started in order to improve prognosis of the patients...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180066/case-report-on-pulmonary-disease-due-to-coinfection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-and-mycobacterium-abscessus-difficulty-in-diagnosis
#2
Celestine Ishiekwene, Mala Subran, Monica Ghitan, Margaret Kuhn-Basti, Edward Chapnick, Yu Shia Lin
Mycobacterium abscessus, which is ubiquitous environmental organism, is more likely to cause pulmonary infection in the presence underlying lung disease and immunosuppression. We report a case of pulmonary disease due to coinfection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus) in an immunocompetent patient without underlying lung disease. Healthcare professionals should be aware of co-infection with MTB and M. abscessus, and treatment should be based on clinical suspicion and/or epidemiological circumstances...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180065/sequential-unilateral-lung-volume-reduction-for-emphysema-stretching-the-benefit
#3
Sadie Khorramnia, Lynda Holsworth, Hugh Mestitz, Glen P Westall, Trevor J Williams, Julian H Gooi, Gregory I Snell
Bronchoscopic Lung Volume Reduction (BLVR) and Surgical Lung Volume Reduction (SLVR) and are two different approaches used to remodel severely emphysematous lungs to improve lung function and quality-of-life. We present a case initially referred for lung transplantation, where sequential left upper lobe BLVR and 7 years later right upper lobe SLVR, providing enduring physiological and functional improvement. The potential for sustained benefit via sequential unilateral lung volume reduction is under-appreciated...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149747/an-unusual-thoracic-localizations-of-erdheim-chester-disease-a-case-report
#4
C Massaccesi, S Colella, F Fioretti, V D'Emilio, G Panella, G Primomo, F Barbisan, R Pela, V Poletti
Erdheim- Chester disease is a rare non- Langerhans cell histiocytosis that usually involves the bones, heart, central nervous system, retroperitoneum, eyes, kidneys, skin and adrenals. Lungs are affected in up to one-half cases; at CT scan various patterns are described: interstitial disease, consolidations, micronodules and microcysts, with or without pleural involvement. We presented a case of a 59 year-old man with unusual intrathoracic manifestation of Erdheim- Chester disease. Singularities of our report are the lonely thoracic involvement at the onset of the disease and a histiocytic lesion in the posterior mediastinum...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149746/multifocal-micronodular-pneumocyte-hyperplasia-mmph-in-a-patient-with-tuberous-sclerosis-evidence-for-long-term-stability
#5
Bibek S Pannu, Dinesh R Apala, Aditya Kotecha, Jennifer M Boland, Vivek N Iyer
Multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia (MMPH) is rare entity seen mostly in patients with the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). We present the case of a 50 year old woman with TSC (confirmed TSC2 mutation) found to have multiple ground glass opacities with an upper lobe predominance on a screening chest CT. No abnormalities were detected in other viscera. A thoracoscopic lung biopsy obtained from right upper lobe confirmed the diagnosis of MMPH. There were no lesions suggestive of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) either on the chest CT or lung biopsy...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149745/afatinib-induced-severe-esophagitis-in-a-lung-cancer-patient-with-an-activated-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutation-a-case-report
#6
Takako Inoue, Madoka Kimura, Motohiro Tamiya, Kazumi Nishino, Toru Kumagai, Fumio Imamura
A 58-year-old woman with lung cancer complaint odynophagia by sour food. Endoscopic examination revealed severe erosion strictly limited to the esophagus. Drug-induced esophagitis was suspected. She was taking afatinib, loxoprofen, pregabalin, lorazepam, a formulation of butyric acid bacteria, and amino acid supplements for more than 1 month at the time of developing esophagitis. Her appetite was very poor for several days before developing the esophagitis. Although not definitive, the most probable cause of her esophagitis is an increased blood concentration of afatinib due to prolonged starved condition...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138425/successful-treatment-of-pulmonary-injury-after-nitrogen-oxide-exposure-with-corticosteroid-therapy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Yasutoshi Kido, Akihisa Mitani, Hideaki Isago, Hideyuki Takeshima, Osamu Narumoto, Goh Tanaka, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Daiya Takai, Nobuya Ohishi, Takahide Nagase
: Nitrogen oxides are representative chemicals of occupational and environmental exposure, which can lead to fatal pulmonary injury. These oxides are also known to cause delayed occurrence of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO). Herein, we report a case of nitrogen oxide-induced lung injury. A 50-year-old man developed pulmonary edema after nitric acid exposure. Hypoxemia and respiratory failure were immediately improved after introduction of corticosteroid pulse therapy with supplemental oxygen...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138424/a-unilateral-hyperlucent-lung-swyer-james-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Ahmed Dirweesh, Chikezie Alvarez, Muhammad Khan, Nrupa Shah
Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome (SJMS) is a rare etiology of a unilateral hyperlucent hemithorax but an important one, which should be considered in any individual with such findings. Presentation usually occurs in adulthood with an asymptomatic history in many cases or with a history of childhood infections. Clinically, symptomatic patients may present with productive cough, dyspnea on exertion, hemoptysis, decreased exercise tolerance and recurrent pulmonary infections. Many individuals are asymptomatic only requiring conservative management...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138423/achromobacter-xylosoxidans-infection-in-cystic-fibrosis-siblings-with-different-outcomes-case-reports
#9
Mônica Cássia Firmida, Elizabeth Andrade Marques, Robson Souza Leão, Rosana Helena Vicente Pereira, Elenice Rosa Aguiar Rodrigues, Rodolpho Mattos Albano, Tania Wrobel Folescu, Vagner Bernardo, Pedro Daltro, Domenico Capone, Agnaldo José Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The clinical relevance of Achromobacter xylosoxidans infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) remains controversial. This emerging agent in CF has been associated with increased lung inflammation, more frequent exacerbations and more severe lung disease. We describe a pair of CF siblings chronically colonized by the same multilocus genotype of A. xylosoxidans with different clinical courses, and assess whether this species may have developed any virulence traits and antimicrobial resistance that could have contributed to their singular outcomes...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127529/organizing-pneumonia-following-treatment-with-pembrolizumab-for-metastatic-malignant-melanoma-a-case-report
#10
R Kuint, M Lotem, T Neuman, E Bekker-Milovanov, A Abutbul, U Laxer, N Berkman, Z G Fridlender
Pembrolizumab is a monoclonal antibody against the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) receptor, and is widely used for the treatment of various malignancies, most commonly malignant melanoma. Here we report the first documented and pathology proven case of Organizing Pneumonia complicating treatment with Pembrolizumab. This was a man who presented with a dense lung consolidation four months following treatment with Pembrolizumab. A thorough microbiological workup was negative and his findings did not improve with broad spectrum anti-microbial treatment...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123947/nasal-high-flow-therapy-for-type-ii-respiratory-failure-in-copd-a-report-of-four-cases
#11
Ivan Pavlov, Patrice Plamondon, Stéphane Delisle
Herein we present a report of four cases of severe type II respiratory failure that had contraindications both to conventional non-invasive ventilation and to endotracheal intubation. In all four cases, we successfully used a high-flow nasal oxygen device as a rescue device, with very reassuring outcomes.
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119817/a-case-of-proteinase-3-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-pr3-anca-positive-igg4-related-lung-disease
#12
Hirokazu Touge, Katsuyuki Tomita, Akira Yamasaki, Eiji Shimizu
IgG4-related lung disease (IgG4-RLD) is a rare and chronic progressive autoimmune disease. We report a case of IgG4-related inflammatory pseudo-tumor of the lung that was seropositive for proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (PR3-ANCA). A 61-year-old male had a mass lesion in the right lower lung field in chest X-ray. Transbronchial lung biopsy resulted in a pathological diagnosis of IgG4-RLD. The condition was improved by hormonal therapy.
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119816/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-related-to-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection
#13
Nouha Chaabane, Elisabeth Coupez, Matthieu Buscot, Bertrand Souweine
M. pneumoniae respiratory infection is usually mild and self-limiting. We report a case of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to M. pneumoniae infection in a 60 years old woman. Quick diagnosis was established by multiplex PCR assay for detection of pneumonia-causing bacteria. Outcome was favorable. The factors accounting for the severity of pneumonia caused by M. pneumoniae are discussed.
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070482/pulmonary-veno-occlusive-disease-two-children-with-gradual-disease-progression
#14
Ronald W Day, Parker W Clement, Aimee O Hersh, Susan M Connors, Kelli L Sumner, D Hunter Best, Mouied Alashari
Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease and pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis are rare forms of pulmonary vascular disease. We report two cases of affected children who had evidence of pulmonary hypertension 3-5 years before developing radiographic findings of pulmonary veno-occlusive disease or pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis. Both patients experienced a moderate decrease in pulmonary arterial pressure during acute vasodilator testing. Both patients experienced an improvement in six-minute walk performance without an increase in pulmonary edema when treated with targeted therapy for pulmonary hypertension...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070481/lung-adenocarcinoma-and-adrenocortical-carcinoma-in-a-patient-with-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-1
#15
Nobumasa Ohara, Masanori Kaneko, Masahiro Ikeda, Fumio Ishizaki, Kazuya Suzuki, Ryo Maruyama, Takeshi Komeyama, Kazuhiro Sato, Kenichi Togashi, Hiroyuki Usuda, Yuto Yamazaki, Hironobu Sasano, Kenzo Kaneko, Kyuzi Kamoi
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by heterozygous germline mutations in the tumor suppressor gene MEN1, which encodes a nuclear protein, menin. MEN1 is characterized by the combined occurrence of tumors involving the pituitary gland, pancreatic islets, and parathyroid glands. Additionally, patients with MEN1 often exhibit adrenal tumors. Although most MEN1-associated tumors are benign, malignant lesions arising in these endocrine organs have been reported. Additionally, malignant diseases of non-endocrine organs concomitant with MEN1 have also been reported...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070480/central-congenital-hypoventilation-syndrome-associated-with-hypoglycemia-and-seizure
#16
Emily Hopkins, James Stark, Ricardo A Mosquera
Central Congenital Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) is a rare diagnosis that presents with various forms of autonomic dysfunction. The disease is characterized by reduced chemoreflexes and severe hypoventilation during sleep. Several case reports have noted that patients with CCHS have been found to suffer from hypoglycemic episodes, which frequently present as a seizure. In this report, we will review previous case presentations to alert the physicians about this association with hypoglycemic episodes. Early treatment and monitoring of hypoglycemia will prevent further complications for these populations...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066704/acute-pulmonary-embolism-leading-to-cavitation-and-large-pulmonary-abscess-a-rare-complication-of-pulmonary-infarction
#17
Matthew T Koroscil, Timothy R Hauser
Pulmonary infarction is an infrequent complication of pulmonary embolism due to the dual blood supply of the lung. Autopsy studies have reported cavitation to occur in only 4-5% of all pulmonary infarctions with an even smaller proportion of these cases becoming secondarily infected. Patients with infected cavitating pulmonary infarction classically present with fever, positive sputum culture, and leukocytosis days to weeks following acute pulmonary embolism. We describe a rare case of acute pulmonary embolism with pulmonary infarction leading to cavitation and subsequent abscess formation requiring left lower lobe resection...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053855/two-cases-of-non-cystic-fibrosis-cf-bronchiectasis-with-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis
#18
Hriday De, Syed Md Azad, Prabhas P Giri, Priyankar Pal, Apurba Ghosh, Anirban Maitra
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a complex hypersensitivity reaction in patients with asthma or cystic fibrosis (CF), which is associated with bronchi colonized by the fungus Aspergillus species, most often Aspergillus fumigatus. ABPA is an important consideration for asthmatics that do not respond to asthma management or with recurrent chest infections and deteriorating lung function in children with cystic fibrosis. We present two cases of non CF bronchiectasis associated with ABPA who presented to our hospital with recurrent hospitalisations of undiagnosed aetiology...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053854/identification-of-a-novel-alpha1-antitrypsin-variant
#19
Camille de Seynes, C Ged, H de Verneuil, N Chollet, M Balduyck, C Raherison
Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (A1ATD) is a genetic condition caused by SERPINA1 mutations, which results into decreased protease inhibitor activity in the serum and predisposes to emphysema and/or to liver disease due to accumulation of the abnormal protein in the hepatic cells. In most cases the clinical manifestations of A1ATD are associated with PIZZ (p.Glu366Lys; p.Glu366Lys (p.Glu342Lys; p.Glu342Lys)) or PISZ (p.Glu288Val; p.Glu366Lys (p.Glu264Val; p.Glu342Lys)) genotype, less frequently, deficient or null alleles may be present in compound heterozygous or homozygous A1AT deficient patients...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053853/lung-herniation-after-positive-pressure-ventilation
#20
Ser Hon Puah, Carmen Tan Pei Sze, John Abisheganaden
Lung herniation is a rare condition which has only been mainly published as case reports in the literature. Although its description has been around since 1845, not much is still known about it. More often seen after trauma or as a surgical complication post thoracic surgery, it's management usually depends on its etiology and varies between individuals. We report a case of lung herniation after positive pressure ventilation from a previous thoracotomy site. To our knowledge, this is the first report where the lung herniation was precipitated by mechanical ventilation...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
journal
journal
49831
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"