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Emerging Microbes & Infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196971/multilocus-sequence-typing-identifies-an-avian-like-chlamydia-psittaci-strain-involved-in-equine-placentitis-and-associated-with-subsequent-human-psittacosis
#1
Martina Jelocnik, James Branley, Jane Heller, Shane Raidal, Susan Alderson, Francesca Galea, Melinda Gabor, Adam Polkinghorne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196970/neonatal-pigs-are-susceptible-to-experimental-zika-virus-infection
#2
Joseph Darbellay, Kenneth Lai, Shawn Babiuk, Yohannes Berhane, Aruna Ambagala, Colette Wheler, Donald Wilson, Stewart Walker, Andrew Potter, Matthew Gilmour, David Safronetz, Volker Gerdts, Uladzimir Karniychuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196969/mutation-in-clpc1-encoding-an-atp-dependent-atpase-involved-in-protein-degradation-is-associated-with-pyrazinamide-resistance-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#3
Shuo Zhang, Jiazhen Chen, Wanliang Shi, Peng Cui, Jia Zhang, Sanghyun Cho, Wenhong Zhang, Ying Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096532/a-sensitive-and-specific-point-of-care-detection-assay-for-zaire-ebola-virus
#4
Xiao-Ai Zhang, Sabrina Li, Jesus Ching, Hui-Ying Feng, Kun Yang, David L Dolinger, Long-Di Zhang, Pan-He Zhang, Wei Liu, Wu-Chun Cao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096531/the-first-imported-case-of-rift-valley-fever-in-china-reveals-a-genetic-reassortment-of-different-viral-lineages
#5
Jingyuan Liu, Yulan Sun, Weifeng Shi, Shuguang Tan, Yang Pan, Shujuan Cui, Qingchao Zhang, Xiangfeng Dou, Yanning Lv, Xinyu Li, Xitai Li, Lijuan Chen, Chuansong Quan, Qianli Wang, Yingze Zhao, Qiang Lv, Wenhao Hua, Hui Zeng, Zhihai Chen, Haofeng Xiong, Chengyu Jiang, Xinghuo Pang, Fujie Zhang, Mifang Liang, Guizhen Wu, George F Gao, William J Liu, Ang Li, Quanyi Wang
We report the first imported case of Rift Valley fever (RVF) in China. The patient returned from Angola, a non-epidemic country, with an infection of a new reassortant from different lineages of Rift Valley fever viruses (RVFVs). The patient developed multiorgan dysfunction and gradually recovered with continuous renal replacement therapy and a short regimen of methylprednisolone treatment. The disordered cytokines and chemokines in the plasma of the patient revealed hypercytokinemia, but the levels of protective cytokines were low upon admission and fluctuated as the disease improved...
January 18, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050022/an-isolate-of-vibrio-campbellii-carrying-the-pir-vp-gene-causes-acute-hepatopancreatic-necrosis-disease
#6
LETTER
Xuan Dong, Hailiang Wang, Guosi Xie, Peizhuo Zou, Chengcheng Guo, Yan Liang, Jie Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050021/systematic-active-surveillance-for-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-in-camels-in-egypt
#7
Mohamed A Ali, Mahmoud M Shehata, Mokhtar R Gomaa, Ahmed Kandeil, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Ahmed S Kayed, Ahmed N El-Taweel, Mohamed Atea, Nagla Hassan, Ola Bagato, Yassmin Moatasim, Sara H Mahmoud, Omnia Kutkat, Asmaa M Maatouq, Ahmed Osman, Pamela P McKenzie, Richard J Webby, Ghazi Kayali
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) causes severe human infections and dromedary camels are considered an intermediary host. The dynamics of natural infection in camels are not well understood. Through systematic surveillance in Egypt, nasal, rectal, milk, urine and serum samples were collected from camels between June 2014 and February 2016. Locations included quarantines, markets, abattoirs, free-roaming herds and farmed breeding herds. The overall seroprevalence was 71% and RNA detection rate was 15%...
January 4, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050020/identification-and-evolutionary-dynamics-of-two-novel-human-coronavirus-oc43-genotypes-associated-with-acute-respiratory-infections-phylogenetic-spatiotemporal-and-transmission-network-analyses
#8
Xiang Yong Oong, Kim Tien Ng, Yutaka Takebe, Liang Jie Ng, Kok Gan Chan, Jack Bee Chook, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Kok Keng Tee
Human coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43) is commonly associated with respiratory tract infections in humans, with five genetically distinct genotypes (A to E) described so far. In this study, we obtained the full-length genomes of HCoV-OC43 strains from two previously unrecognized lineages identified among patients presenting with severe upper respiratory tract symptoms in a cross-sectional molecular surveillance study in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, between 2012 and 2013. Phylogenetic, recombination and comparative genomic analyses revealed two distinct clusters diverging from a genotype D-like common ancestor through recombination with a putative genotype A-like lineage in the non-structural protein (nsp) 10 gene...
January 4, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999426/a-camel-derived-mers-cov-with-a-variant-spike-protein-cleavage-site-and-distinct-fusion-activation-properties
#9
Jean Kaoru Millet, Monty E Goldstein, Rachael N Labitt, Hung-Lun Hsu, Susan Daniel, Gary R Whittaker
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) continues to circulate in both humans and camels, and the origin and evolution of the virus remain unclear. Here we characterize the spike protein of a camel-derived MERS-CoV (NRCE-HKU205) identified in 2013, early in the MERS outbreak. NRCE-HKU205 spike protein has a variant cleavage motif with regard to the S2' fusion activation site-notably, a novel substitution of isoleucine for the otherwise invariant serine at the critical P1' cleavage site position...
December 21, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999425/first-documented-case-of-avian-influenza-h5n1-virus-infection-in-a-lion
#10
Quanjiao Chen, Hanzhong Wang, Lihua Zhao, Liping Ma, Runkun Wang, Yongsong Lei, Yong Li, Guoxiang Yang, Jing Chen, Guang Chen, Liqiang Li, Tao Jin, Jiandong Li, Xin Liu, Xun Xu, Gary Wong, Lei Liu, Yingxia Liu, Weifeng Shi, Yuhai Bi, George F Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999424/polyphyletic-origin-of-mers-coronaviruses-and-isolation-of-a-novel-clade-a-strain-from-dromedary-camels-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#11
Susanna K P Lau, Renate Wernery, Emily Y M Wong, Sunitha Joseph, Alan K L Tsang, Nissy Annie Georgy Patteril, Shyna K Elizabeth, Kwok-Hung Chan, Rubeena Muhammed, Jöerg Kinne, Kwok-Yung Yuen, Ulrich Wernery, Patrick C Y Woo
Little is known regarding the molecular epidemiology of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) circulating in dromedaries outside Saudi Arabia. To address this knowledge gap, we sequenced 10 complete genomes of MERS-CoVs isolated from 2 live and 8 dead dromedaries from different regions in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Phylogenetic analysis revealed one novel clade A strain, the first detected in the UAE, and nine clade B strains. Strain D998/15 had a distinct phylogenetic position within clade A, being more closely related to the dromedary isolate NRCE-HKU205 from Egypt than to the human isolates EMC/2012 and Jordan-N3/2012...
December 21, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999423/characterization-of-community-associated-staphylococcus-aureus-from-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-a-multicenter-study-in-china
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ying Liu, Zhe Xu, Zhou Yang, Juan Sun, Lin Ma
We evaluated the epidemiological and molecular features of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) from children and adult patients with skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) in China. Prospective community-acquired S. aureus SSTI surveillance was conducted in 23 hospitals over a 24-month period. Susceptibility to 16 antimicrobials was evaluated using the agar dilution method. StatApriori was used to determine statistically significant association trends...
December 21, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924811/insights-into-the-evolution-of-pathogenicity-of-escherichia-coli-from-genomic-analysis-of-intestinal-e-coli-of-marmota-himalayana-in-qinghai-tibet-plateau-of-china
#13
Shan Lu, Dong Jin, Shusheng Wu, Jing Yang, Ruiting Lan, Xiangning Bai, Sha Liu, Qiong Meng, Xuejiao Yuan, Juan Zhou, Ji Pu, Qiang Chen, Hang Dai, Yuanyuan Hu, Yanwen Xiong, Changyun Ye, Jianguo Xu
Escherichia coli is both of a widespread harmless gut commensal and a versatile pathogen of humans. Domestic animals are a well-known reservoir for pathogenic E. coli. However, studies of E. coli populations from wild animals that have been separated from human activities had been very limited. Here we obtained 580 isolates from intestinal contents of 116 wild Marmot Marmota himalayana from Qinghai-Tibet plateau, China, with five isolates per animal. We selected 125 (hereinafter referred to as strains) from the 580 isolates for genome sequencing, based on unique pulse field gel electrophoresis patterns and at least one isolate per animal...
December 7, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924810/consecutive-large-dengue-outbreaks-in-taiwan-in-2014-2015
#14
LETTER
Sheng-Fan Wang, Ko Chang, El-Wui Loh, Wen-Hung Wang, Sung-Pin Tseng, Po-Liang Lu, Yen-Hsu Chen, Yi-Ming Arthur Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924809/global-molecular-epidemiology-and-genetic-diversity-of-fusarium-a-significant-emerging-group-of-human-opportunists-from-1958-to-2015
#15
Abdullah Ms Al-Hatmi, Ferry Hagen, Steph Bj Menken, Jacques F Meis, G Sybren de Hoog
Fusarium is a rapidly emerging, multidrug-resistant genus of fungal opportunists that was first identified in 1958 and is presently recognized in numerous cases of fusariosis each year. The authors examined trends in global Fusarium distribution, clinical presentation and prevalence since 1958 with the assumption that their distributions in each region had remained unaltered. The phylogeny and epidemiology of 127 geographically diverse isolates, representing 26 Fusarium species, were evaluated using partial sequences of the RPB2 and TEF1 genes, and compared with AFLP fingerprinting data...
December 7, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924808/avian-h11-influenza-virus-isolated-from-domestic-poultry-in-a-colombian-live-animal-market
#16
Pedro Jiménez-Bluhm, Erik A Karlsson, Karl A Ciuoderis, Valerie Cortez, Shauna A Marvin, Christopher Hamilton-West, Stacey Schultz-Cherry, Jorge E Osorio
Live animal markets (LAMs) are an essential source of food and trade in Latin American countries; however, they can also serve as 'hotbeds' for the emergence and potential spillover of avian influenza viruses (AIV). Despite extensive knowledge of AIV in Asian LAMs, little is known about the prevalence South American LAMs. To fill this gap in knowledge, active surveillance was carried out at the major LAM in Medellin, Colombia between February and September 2015. During this period, overall prevalence in the market was 2...
December 7, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876784/expression-and-characterization-of-a-talaromyces-marneffei-active-phospholipase-b-expressed-in-a-pichia-pastoris-expression-system
#17
Yan He, Linghua Li, Fengyu Hu, Wanshan Chen, Huali Lei, Xiejie Chen, Weiping Cai, Xiaoping Tang
Phospholipase B is a virulence factor for several clinically important pathogenic fungi, including Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans and Aspergillus fumigatus, but its role in the thermally dimorphic fungus Talaromyces marneffei remains unclear. Here, we provide the first report of the expression of a novel phospholipase gene, designated TmPlb1, from T. marneffei in the eukaryotic expression system of Pichia pastoris GS115. Sensitive real-time quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) demonstrated that the expression of TmPlb1 increased 1...
November 23, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876783/genetic-characterization-of-novel-fowl-aviadenovirus-4-isolates-from-outbreaks-of-hepatitis-hydropericardium-syndrome-in-broiler-chickens-in-china
#18
Yanke Liu, Wenyan Wan, Dongsheng Gao, Yongtao Li, Xia Yang, Hongying Liu, Huixia Yao, Lu Chen, Chuanqing Wang, Jun Zhao
Since May 2015, severe outbreaks of hepatitis-hydropericardium syndrome (HHS) associated with infections of fowl aviadenovirus (FAdV) have emerged in broiler chickens in several Chinese provinces. To identify the genotype and gain a better understanding of the genetic properties of the FAdV strains responsible for the recent HHS outbreaks in China, the complete genome sequences of five isolates from outbreaks of HHS in broiler chickens in five provinces were determined. The results demonstrated that a novel fowl aviadenovirus 4 (FAdV-4) genotype was epidemic in China...
November 23, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876782/human-papillomavirus-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-women-and-men-in-south-china-a-population-based-study
#19
Feixue Wei, Kai Yin, Xin Wu, Jian Lan, Shoujie Huang, Wei Sheng, Jun Zhao, Yingying Su, Ying Wang, Yanping Li, Rongcheng Li, Jun Zhang, Mingqiang Li, Ting Wu, Ningshao Xia
Oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a cause of many anogenital cancers in women and men; however, there is little research on HPV prevalence and risk factors that includes both women and men from the same population. A total of 4687 participants, including 2378 women and 2309 men aged 18-55 years old from the same community, were enrolled in the study in Liuzhou, China. Exfoliated cells were collected from the participants from different anatomic sites and were tested for 13 oncogenic and 3 non-oncogenic HPV types...
November 23, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876781/first-identification-of-ndm-4-producing-escherichia-coli-st410-in-china
#20
Shangshang Qin, Mengmeng Zhou, Qijing Zhang, Hengxun Tao, Yafei Ye, Huizhi Chen, Lijuan Xu, Hui Xu, Ping Wang, Xianju Feng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
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