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WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136671/successes-and-challenges-of-expansion-of-environmental-poliovirus-surveillance-in-the-who-south-east-asia-region
#1
Aarti Garg, Sirima Pattamadilok, Sunil Bahl
The last decade has witnessed an exponential expansion of environmental surveillance (ES) of poliovirus in sewage samples in the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region. This has grown from only three sites in Mumbai, India in 2001 to 56 sites in 2017 in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal and Thailand. ES is critical to the region in providing evidence of silent transmission of vaccine-derived poliovirus and Sabin-like poliovirus type 2 - especially since the global "switch" to cease use of oral polio vaccine type 2 - and for monitoring the effectiveness of containment activities...
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136670/factors-associated-with-stillbirths-in-haryana-india-a-qualitative-study
#2
Preeti H Negandhi, Sutapa B Neogi, Ankan M Das, Sapna Chopra, Amit Phogat, Rupinder Sahota, Ravi Kant Gupta, Sanjay Zodpey, Rakesh Gupta
Background: Each year, 2.6 million babies are stillborn worldwide, almost all in low- and middle-income countries. Several global initiatives, including the Sustainable Development Goals and the Every Newborn Action Plan, have contributed to a renewed focus on prevention of stillbirths. Despite being relatively wealthy, the state of Haryana in India has a significant stillbirth rate. This qualitative study explored the factors that might contribute to these stillbirths. Methods: This was a sub-study of a case-control study of factors associated with stillbirth in 15 of the 21 districts of Haryana in 2014-2015...
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136669/geographical-disparities-and-determinants-of-anaemia-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-myanmar-analysis-of-the-2015-2016-myanmar-demographic-and-health-survey
#3
Hla Hla Win, Min Ko Ko
Background: Anaemia is a significant public health challenge in Myanmar. In 2015-2016, the first demographic and health survey was done in Myanmar, and showed that almost half of all pregnant women had anaemia. To inform policy decisions, this secondary analysis of the Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey 2015-16 was done to determine the geographical disparities in prevalence of anaemia and related factors among women of reproductive age. Methods: Analyses were based on weighted samples of 12 489 eligible women aged 15-49 years...
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136668/pricing-policies-for-generic-medicines-in-australia-new-zealand-the-republic-of-korea-and-singapore-patent-expiry-and-influence-on-atorvastatin-price
#4
Elizabeth E Roughead, Dong-Sook Kim, Benjamin Ong, Anna Kemp-Casey
Background: Little is known about how the different policies available to promote use of generic medicines affect the price per unit supplied or sold. This study compares the influence of pricing policies for generic medicines on atorvastatin prices in Australia, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea and Singapore, after market entry of generic atorvastatin. Methods: The annual price of atorvastatin per defined daily dose supplied (price/DDD) was examined for each country from 2006 to 2015 (≥2 years before and ≥4 years after generic market entry)...
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136667/essential-cancer-medicines-in-the-national-lists-of-countries-of-the-who-south-east-asia-region-a-descriptive-assessment
#5
Meenakshi V Chivukula, Klara Tisocki
Background: In 2015, the need for equitable access to cancer treatments in low- and middle income countries was underscored by the addition of 16 essential cancer medicines to the 19th World Health Organization (WHO) model list of essential medicines (WHO EML). This study assessed the degree to which this expanded WHO EML from 2015 has influenced inclusion of cancer medicines in the most recent national essential medicines lists of the countries of the WHO South-East Asia Region. Methods: The inclusion of a selected list of 38 essential cancer medicines in the 2015 WHO EML was assessed in the most recent national lists of essential medicines from the 11 countries of the WHO South-East Asia Region...
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136666/improving-access-to-assistive-technologies-challenges-and-solutions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Woranan Witthayapipopsakul, Shaheda Viriyathorn, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol
Assistive technologies can benefit a wide range of people, including those with disabilities; those with age-related frailties; those affected by noncommunicable diseases; and those requiring rehabilitation. Access to these technologies is limited in low- and middle-income countries but the already-high need will inevitably rise further because of demographic and epidemiological transitions. Four key gaps contribute to limited access. First, although need is high, demand is low, not least because of widespread lack of awareness among potential beneficiaries, their caregivers, and their health-care providers...
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136665/national-introduction-of-fractional-dose-inactivated-polio-vaccine-in-sri-lanka-following-the-global-switch
#7
Deepa Gamage, Samitha Ginige, Paba Palihawadana
As part of the Polio eradication and endgame strategic plan 2013-2018 to achieve and sustain a polio-free world, the use of oral polio vaccine (OPV) must eventually be stopped. This process started in April 2016, with the worldwide, planned synchronized "switch", whereby use of OPV containing poliovirus type 2 ceased. Prior to the switch, in line with international guidance on risk mitigation, Sri Lanka had introduced a single full dose (0.5 mL intramuscularly) of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into routine immunization...
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136664/addressing-the-threat-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-thailand-monitoring-population-knowledge-and-awareness
#8
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Angkana Sommanustweechai, Sunicha Chanvatik, Hatairat Kosiyaporn, Klara Tisocki
The 2015 Global action plan on antimicrobial resistance (GAP-AMR) highlights the key importance of improving awareness and understanding of antimicrobial resistance among consumers. While low levels of awareness are not exclusive to consumers in low- and middle-income countries, the challenges to improving understanding are compounded in these settings, by factors such as higher rates of antibiotic self-medication and availability through informal suppliers. In 2016, Thailand set an ambitious target to increase, by 2021, public knowledge of antibiotic resistance and awareness of appropriate use of antibiotic by 20%...
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136663/access-to-pain-relief-and-essential-opioids-in-the-who-south-east-asia-region-challenges-in-implementing-drug-reforms
#9
Nandini Vallath, M R Rajagopal, Suraj Perera, Farzana Khan, Bishnu Dutta Paudel, Klara Tisocki
It is a justifiable assumption that more than 15 million people in the World Health Organization South-East Asia Region are experiencing serious health-related suffering, much of it caused by persistent, severe pain. Despite this burden of suffering, overall access to pain relief and palliative care services is abysmal. The lack of access to controlled drugs for pain management is striking: the average morphine equivalence in the region in 2015 was just 1.7 mg per capita, while the global average was 61.5 mg per capita...
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136662/approaches-to-improving-access-to-essential-cancer-medicines-in-the-who-south-east-asia-region
#10
Meenakshi V Chivukula, Klara Tisocki
The high cancer burden in the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region represents not only a significant cause of death, disability and suffering but also a major threat to development. In 2015, the need for equitable access to cancer treatments was underscored by the addition of 16 cancer drugs to the 19th WHO model list of essential medicines, including three high-cost medicines. This paper explores strategies to improve access, including - but not limited to - managing costs through regional cooperation; coordinated procurement mechanisms; price controls; differential pricing; and licensing agreements...
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136661/accelerating-access-to-essential-medicines-in-the-who-south-east-asia-region-opportunities-for-greater-engagement-and-better-evidence
#11
EDITORIAL
Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Phyllida Travis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582850/large-scale-mhealth-professional-support-for-health-workers-in-rural-maharashtra-india
#12
Shailendra Kumar B Hegde, Sriranga Prasad Saride, Sudha Kuruganty, Niraja Banker, Chetan Patil, Vishal Phanse
Expanding mobile telephony in India has prompted interest in the potential of mobile-telephone health (mHealth) in linking health workers in rural areas with specialist medical advice and other professional services. In 2012, a toll-free helpline offering specialist medical advice to community-based health workers throughout Maharashtra was launched. Calls are handled via a 24 h centre in Pune, staffed by health advisory officers and medical specialists. Health advisory officers handle general queries, which include medical advice via validated algorithms; blood on-call services; grievance issues; and mental health support - the latter calls are transferred to a qualified counsellor...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582849/changes-in-neonatal-mortality-and-newborn-health-care-practices-descriptive-data-from-the-bangladesh-demographic-and-health-surveys-2011-and-2014
#13
Tasnima Akter, Angela Dawson, David Sibbritt
Background: Bangladesh has made major improvements in health outcomes over the past two decades, with falls in mortality rates in mothers and in infants and young children aged under 5 years. Despite these improvements, neonatal mortality rates (NMRs) are high in Bangladesh. This paper describes recent changes in NMRs and health-care practices, disaggregated by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Methods: Summary statistics from the reports of the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) were examined...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582848/factors-associated-with-delivery-at-home-in-bhutan-findings-from-the-national-health-survey-2012
#14
Mongal Singh Gurung, Dorji Pelzom, Sonam Wangdi, Tashi Tshomo, Pema Lethro, Tashi Dema
Background: Despite Bhutan's remarkable progress in the area of maternal and child health during the era of the Millennium Development Goals, a large proportion of pregnant women are still delivering at home with no skilled attendant. Limited empirical studies have been carried out to understand the factors associated with delivery at home in Bhutan. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study used secondary data collected in the nationally representative National Health Survey 2012...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582847/current-status-of-master-of-public-health-programmes-in-india-a-scoping-review
#15
REVIEW
Ritika Tiwari, Himanshu Negandhi, Sanjay Zodpey
There is a recognized need to improve training in public health in India. Currently, several Indian institutions and universities offer the Master of Public Health (MPH) programme. However, in the absence of any formal body or council for regulating public health education in the country, there is limited information available on these programmes. This scoping review was therefore undertaken to review the current status of MPH programmes in India. Information on MPH programmes was obtained using a two-step process...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582846/social-autopsy-a-potential-health-promotion-tool-for-preventing-maternal-mortality-in-low-income-countries
#16
Preeti K Mahato, Elizabeth Waithaka, Edwin van Teijlingen, Puspa Raj Pant, Animesh Biswas
Despite significant global improvements, maternal mortality in low-income countries remains unacceptably high. Increasing attention in recent years has focused on how social factors, such as family and peer influences, the community context, health services, legal and policy environments, and cultural and social values, can shape and influence maternal outcomes. Whereas verbal autopsy is used to attribute a clinical cause to a maternal death, the aim of social autopsy is to determine the non-clinical contributing factors...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582845/the-burden-of-iron-deficiency-anaemia-among-women-in-india-how-have-iron-and-folic-acid-interventions-fared
#17
Rajesh Kumar Rai, Wafaie W Fawzi, Anamitra Barik, Abhijit Chowdhury
Iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among women in India is a problem of major public health significance. Using data from three waves of the National Family Health Survey, this article discusses the burden of and trend in IDA among women in India, and discusses the level of iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation and its potential role in reducing the burden of IDA. Between 2005-2006 and 2015-2016, IDA in India decreased by only 3.5 percentage points (from 56.5% in 2005-2006 to 53.0% in 2015-2016) for women aged 15-49 years...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582844/pushing-the-boundaries-of-research-on-human-resources-for-health-fresh-approaches-to-understanding-health-worker-motivation
#18
Aarushi Bhatnagar, Kerry Scott, Veloshnee Govender, Asha George
A country's health workforce plays a vital role not only in serving the health needs of the population but also in supporting economic prosperity. Moreover, a well-funded and well-supported health workforce is vital to achieving universal health coverage and Sustainable Development Goal 3 to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. This perspective article highlights the potential of underutilized health policy and systems research (HPSR) approaches for developing more effective human resources for health policy...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582843/a-framework-for-comparative-analysis-of-health-systems-experiences-from-the-asia-pacific-observatory-on-health-systems-and-policies
#19
Judith Mary Healy, Shenglan Tang, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Peter Leslie Annear
Drawing on published work from the Asia Pacific Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, this paper presents a framework for undertaking comparative studies on the health systems of countries. Organized under seven types of research approaches, such as national case-studies using a common format, this framework is illustrated using studies of low- and middle-income countries published by the Asia Pacific Observatory. Such studies are important contributions, since much of the health systems research literature comes from high-income countries...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582842/universal-health-coverage-in-the-world-health-organization-south-east-asia-region-how-can-we-make-it-business-unusual
#20
EDITORIAL
Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Phyllida Travis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
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