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WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582850/large-scale-mhealth-professional-support-for-health-workers-in-rural-maharashtra-india
#1
Shailendra Kumar B Hegde, Sriranga Prasad Saride, Sudha Kuruganty, Niraja Banker, Chetan Patil, Vishal Phanse
Expanding mobile telephony in India has prompted interest in the potential of mobile-telephone health (mHealth) in linking health workers in rural areas with specialist medical advice and other professional services. In 2012, a toll-free helpline offering specialist medical advice to community-based health workers throughout Maharashtra was launched. Calls are handled via a 24 h centre in Pune, staffed by health advisory officers and medical specialists. Health advisory officers handle general queries, which include medical advice via validated algorithms; blood on-call services; grievance issues; and mental health support - the latter calls are transferred to a qualified counsellor...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582849/changes-in-neonatal-mortality-and-newborn-health-care-practices-descriptive-data-from-the-bangladesh-demographic-and-health-surveys-2011-and-2014
#2
Tasnima Akter, Angela Dawson, David Sibbritt
Background: Bangladesh has made major improvements in health outcomes over the past two decades, with falls in mortality rates in mothers and in infants and young children aged under 5 years. Despite these improvements, neonatal mortality rates (NMRs) are high in Bangladesh. This paper describes recent changes in NMRs and health-care practices, disaggregated by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Methods: Summary statistics from the reports of the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) were examined...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582848/factors-associated-with-delivery-at-home-in-bhutan-findings-from-the-national-health-survey-2012
#3
Mongal Singh Gurung, Dorji Pelzom, Sonam Wangdi, Tashi Tshomo, Pema Lethro, Tashi Dema
Background: Despite Bhutan's remarkable progress in the area of maternal and child health during the era of the Millennium Development Goals, a large proportion of pregnant women are still delivering at home with no skilled attendant. Limited empirical studies have been carried out to understand the factors associated with delivery at home in Bhutan. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study used secondary data collected in the nationally representative National Health Survey 2012...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582847/current-status-of-master-of-public-health-programmes-in-india-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Ritika Tiwari, Himanshu Negandhi, Sanjay Zodpey
There is a recognized need to improve training in public health in India. Currently, several Indian institutions and universities offer the Master of Public Health (MPH) programme. However, in the absence of any formal body or council for regulating public health education in the country, there is limited information available on these programmes. This scoping review was therefore undertaken to review the current status of MPH programmes in India. Information on MPH programmes was obtained using a two-step process...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582846/social-autopsy-a-potential-health-promotion-tool-for-preventing-maternal-mortality-in-low-income-countries
#5
Preeti K Mahato, Elizabeth Waithaka, Edwin van Teijlingen, Puspa Raj Pant, Animesh Biswas
Despite significant global improvements, maternal mortality in low-income countries remains unacceptably high. Increasing attention in recent years has focused on how social factors, such as family and peer influences, the community context, health services, legal and policy environments, and cultural and social values, can shape and influence maternal outcomes. Whereas verbal autopsy is used to attribute a clinical cause to a maternal death, the aim of social autopsy is to determine the non-clinical contributing factors...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582845/the-burden-of-iron-deficiency-anaemia-among-women-in-india-how-have-iron-and-folic-acid-interventions-fared
#6
Rajesh Kumar Rai, Wafaie W Fawzi, Anamitra Barik, Abhijit Chowdhury
Iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among women in India is a problem of major public health significance. Using data from three waves of the National Family Health Survey, this article discusses the burden of and trend in IDA among women in India, and discusses the level of iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation and its potential role in reducing the burden of IDA. Between 2005-2006 and 2015-2016, IDA in India decreased by only 3.5 percentage points (from 56.5% in 2005-2006 to 53.0% in 2015-2016) for women aged 15-49 years...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582844/pushing-the-boundaries-of-research-on-human-resources-for-health-fresh-approaches-to-understanding-health-worker-motivation
#7
Aarushi Bhatnagar, Kerry Scott, Veloshnee Govender, Asha George
A country's health workforce plays a vital role not only in serving the health needs of the population but also in supporting economic prosperity. Moreover, a well-funded and well-supported health workforce is vital to achieving universal health coverage and Sustainable Development Goal 3 to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. This perspective article highlights the potential of underutilized health policy and systems research (HPSR) approaches for developing more effective human resources for health policy...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582843/a-framework-for-comparative-analysis-of-health-systems-experiences-from-the-asia-pacific-observatory-on-health-systems-and-policies
#8
Judith Mary Healy, Shenglan Tang, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Peter Leslie Annear
Drawing on published work from the Asia Pacific Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, this paper presents a framework for undertaking comparative studies on the health systems of countries. Organized under seven types of research approaches, such as national case-studies using a common format, this framework is illustrated using studies of low- and middle-income countries published by the Asia Pacific Observatory. Such studies are important contributions, since much of the health systems research literature comes from high-income countries...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582842/universal-health-coverage-in-the-world-health-organization-south-east-asia-region-how-can-we-make-it-business-unusual
#9
EDITORIAL
Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Phyllida Travis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857065/package-of-essential-noncommunicable-disease-pen-interventions-in-primary-health-care-settings-in-the-democratic-people-s-republic-of-korea-a-feasibility-study
#10
Choe Suk Hyon, Kim Yong Nam, Han Chae Sun, Renu Garg, Suraj Man Shrestha, Kim Un Ok, Rajesh Kumar
The prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is a priority for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Mortality due to NCDs in people aged over 30 years was 1239 per 100 000 in 2009 and the 2014-2020 national strategy includes population-level goals for health promotion and disease prevention. This paper reports a pilot study on the feasibility of implementing components of the World Health Organization (WHO) Package of essential noncommunicable disease (PEN) interventions for primary health care in low-resource settings (WHO PEN) to enable early detection and management of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus at the level of primary care...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857064/implementation-of-g6pd-testing-and-primaquine-for-p-vivax-radical-cure-operational-perspectives-from-thailand-and-cambodia
#11
Suravadee Kitchakarn, Dysoley Lek, Sea Thol, Chantheasy Hok, Aungkana Saejeng, Rekol Huy, Nipon Chinanonwait, Krongthong Thimasarn, Chansuda Wongsrichanalai
Following progressive success in reducing the burden of malaria over the past two decades, countries of the Asia Pacific are now aiming for elimination of malaria by 2030. Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are the two main malaria species that are endemic in the region. P. vivax is generally perceived to be less severe but will be harder to eliminate, owing partly to its dormant liver stage (known as a hypnozoite) that can cause multiple relapses following an initial clinical episode caused by a mosquito-borne infection...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857063/rural-recruitment-and-retention-of-health-workers-across-cadres-and-types-of-contract-in-north-east-india-a-qualitative-study
#12
Preety R Rajbangshi, Devaki Nambiar, Nandini Choudhury, Krishna D Rao
Background Like many other low- and middle-income countries, India faces challenges of recruiting and retaining health workers in rural areas. Efforts have been made to address this through contractual appointment of health workers in rural areas. While this has helped to temporarily bridge the gaps in human resources, the overall impact on the experience of rural services across cadres has yet to be understood. This study sought to identify motivations for, and the challenges of, rural recruitment and retention of nurses, doctors and specialists across types of contract in rural and remote areas in India's largely rural north-eastern states of Meghalaya and Nagaland...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857062/online-media-coverage-of-air-pollution-risks-and-current-policies-in-india-a-content-analysis
#13
Nandita Murukutla, Nalin S Negi, Pallavi Puri, Sandra Mullin, Lesley Onyon
Background Air pollution is of particular concern in India, which contains 11 of the 20 most polluted cities in the world. Media coverage of air pollution issues plays an important role in influencing public opinion and increasing citizen demand for action on clean air policy. Hence, this study was designed to assess news coverage of air pollution in India and its implications for policy advancement. Methods Articles published online between 1 January 2014 and 31 October 2015 that discussed air pollution in India were systematically content analysed...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857061/sanitation-safety-planning-as-a-tool-for-achieving-safely-managed-sanitation-systems-and-safe-use-of-wastewater
#14
Mirko S Winkler, Darryl Jackson, David Sutherland, Jose Marie U Lim, Vishwanath Srikantaiah, Samuel Fuhrimann, Kate Medlicott
Increasing water stress and growing urbanization force a greater number of people to use wastewater as an alternative water supply, especially for irrigation. Although wastewater irrigation in agriculture has a long history and substantial benefits, without adequate treatment and protective measures on farms and in markets, use of wastewater poses risks to human health and the environment. Against this background, the World Health Organization (WHO) published Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta and greywater in agriculture and aquaculture, in 2006...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857060/observations-and-lessons-learnt-from-more-than-a-decade-of-water-safety-planning-in-south-east-asia
#15
David Sutherland
In many countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region, drinking water is not used directly from the tap and faecal contamination of water sources is prevalent. As reflected in Sustainable Development Goal 6, access to safer drinking water is one of the most successful ways of preventing disease. The WHO Water Safety Framework promotes the use of water safety plans (WSPs), which are structured tools that help identify and mitigate potential risks throughout a water-supply system, from the water source to the point of use...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857059/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-the-unfinished-agenda-in-the-world-health-organization-south-east-asia-region
#16
Indira Chakravarty, Animesh Bhattacharya, Saurabh K Das
Access to adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is essential for the health, well-being and dignity of all people. The World Health Organization South-East Asia Region has made considerable progress in WASH provision during the past two decades. However, compared with increases in coverage of improved drinking water, in some parts of the region, access to adequate sanitation remains low, with continued prevalence of open defecation. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have set ambitious targets for WASH services to be achieved by 2030...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857058/climate-conditions-workplace-heat-and-occupational-health-in-south-east-asia-in-the-context-of-climate-change
#17
Tord Kjellstrom, Bruno Lemke, Matthias Otto
Occupational health is particularly affected by high heat exposures in workplaces, which will be an increasing problem as climate change progresses. People working in jobs of moderate or heavy work intensity in hot environments are at particular risk, owing to exposure to high environmental heat and internal heat production. This heat needs to be released to protect health, and such release is difficult or impossible at high temperatures and high air humidity. A range of clinical health effects can occur, and the heat-related physical exhaustion leads to a reduction of work capacity and labour productivity, which may cause substantial economic losses...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857057/health-sector-responses-to-address-the-impacts-of-climate-change-in-nepal
#18
Meghnath Dhimal, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Raja Ram Pote-Shrestha, David A Groneberg, Ulrich Kuch
Nepal is highly vulnerable to global climate change, despite its negligible emission of global greenhouse gases. The vulnerable climate-sensitive sectors identified in Nepal's National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to Climate Change 2010 include agriculture, forestry, water, energy, public health, urbanization and infrastructure, and climate-induced disasters. In addition, analyses carried out as part of the NAPA process have indicated that the impacts of climate change in Nepal are not gender neutral...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857056/health-risks-of-climate-change-in-the-world-health-organization-south-east-asia-region
#19
Kathryn J Bowen, Kristie L Ebi
Countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region are particularly vulnerable to a changing climate. Changes in extreme weather events, undernutrition and the spread of infectious diseases are projected to increase the number of deaths due to climate change by 2030, indicating the need to strengthen activities for adaptation and mitigation. With support from the WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia and others, countries have started to include climate change as a key consideration in their national public health policies...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857055/climate-change-and-health-in-maldives-protecting-our-common-future
#20
EDITORIAL
H E Abdulla Nazim Ibrahim, Arvind Mathur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
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