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Cardiology Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755634/mitroflow-aortic-bioprosthesis-failure-in-type-b-aortic-dissection-preventive-left-main-stenting-in-transapical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-strategy
#1
Giovanni Alfonso Chiariello, Emmanuel Villa, Antonio Messina, Stefano Marwan Mangini, Massimiliano Rozzi, Margherita Dalla Tomba, Ornella Leonzi, Giovanni Troise
Mitroflow aortic prosthesis dysfunction in case of complex vascular disease is considered a challenging scenario. Because of the high risk for surgical reoperation and the presence of chronic aortic dissection originated from a calcified Kommerel diverticulum, we considered to perform a transapical valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedure. Myocardial ischemia is a dreadful complication reported in valve-in-valve TAVI procedures, mainly in patients with degenerated Mitroflow aortic bioprostheses...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755633/coronary-artery-thromboses-stent-thrombosis-and-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-case-report
#2
Augusto Ferreira Correia, Dinaldo Cavalcanti Oliveira, Marcio Sanctos
The antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is defined by a state of hypercoagulability secondary to an autoimmune disorder. There are evidences that approximately 2.8-5.5% of cases of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in young individuals are secondary to APS. In this case report, three coronary artery thromboses occurring within a short period are described. Initially, there was an ST-segment elevation (STEMI) in the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD), with the vessel being treated with stent implantation...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755632/is-there-always-a-need-for-permanent-pacemaker-replacement-after-device-infection-a-tale-of-two-patients
#3
Munish Sharma, Daniel A N Mascarenhas
There has been an increase in number of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) implantation and with this we have witnessed increased rates of CIED infection mainly in elderly population. It is important to assess conditions that may not reliably improve with cardiac pacing or those who lack adequate beneficial effect from permanent pacing before contemplating implantation or reimplantation of these devices. Sometimes, the initial cardiac pathology may revert obviating the need for reimplantation as in the two cases that we have discussed below...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755631/anomalous-coronary-artery-from-the-opposite-sinus-acaos-technical-challenges-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#4
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Mahmodula Razi, Anupam Mahrotra, Puneet Aggarwal, Anupam Singh, Lokendra Rekwal, Sunil Tripathi, Nishant Kumar Abhishekh, Vinay Krishna
Anomalies of the coronary arteries are reported in 1-2% of patients among diagnostic angiogram. Ectopic origin of right coronary artery (RCA) from opposite sinus is one of the most common and they are mainly benign, but at times may be malignant. We report a case of a 69-year-old male who underwent early invasive percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) where RCA arising from left sinus at the root of left main artery was culprit and various technical challenges were encountered while intervening in form of cannulation to tracking of hardwares...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755630/echocardiographic-features-in-bartonella-endocarditis-a-case-series
#5
Orathai Pachirat, Sompop Prathanee, George Watt
Bartonella spp. are emerging pathogens that are reported as the cause of blood culture-negative endocarditis ( BCNE). However, echocardiographic features and assessment of this endocarditis remains unclear. Four patients with B. henselae endocarditis were identified. All patients had underlying cardiac conditions: rheumatic heart disease in three, congenital heart disease in one. Evidence of vegetations was found on the aortic valve in all patients with large, highly mobile vegetations and severely destroyed valves demonstrated by the transthoracic echocardiogram leading to severe aortic regurgitation and heart failure...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755629/interventricular-vessel-of-the-heart
#6
Pekka J Kuusela
The communication from right to left through the interventricular septum of the heart became identified by the anatomical study for 4 years. One thousand nine hundred years ago, Galen stated that blood seeps through the perforations in the interventricular septum of the heart. However, William Harvey, working 400 years ago, failed to find any. The interventricular vessel is a slit between the fibers of the muscle feasible to be patent by relaxing and widening of the helical heart at the right atrial filling phase at the end of the diastole...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755628/eptifibatide-bolus-dose-during-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#7
Hossein Doustkami, Saeed Sadeghieh Ahari, Effat Irani Jam, Afshin Habibzadeh
Background: Eptifibatide is a platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist used for the prevention of cardiac ischemic complications of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Eptifibatide has been used with bolus dose only or bolus plus infusion in patients undergoing PCI which have shown less complications, but the risk of bleeding has been increased. We aimed to compare the outcome and bleeding rate of bolus dose alone or plus infusion in elective PCI. Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, we compared the outcome of elective PCI following single bolus dose intracoronary (41 patients) or bolus plus intravenous infusion (19 patients) of eptifibatide...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755627/molecular-diagnosis-of-bacterial-definite-infective-endocarditis-by-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction
#8
Reza Faraji, Mostafa Behjati-Ardakani, Nooshin Faraji, Seyed Mohammad Moshtaghioun, Seyed Mehdi Kalantar, Ali Pedarzadeh, Hengameh Zandi, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi, Nastaran Ahmadi, Ali Dehghani Firoozabadi
Infective endocarditis (IE) can be diagnosed using the Duke criteria, which cannot be conclusive especially when the results of blood cultures are negative. This study aimed at using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique to isolate bacteria present in whole blood samples of patients with definitive IE on the basis of the method designed in this study. This laboratory and test study was conducted on 20 whole blood samples taken from patients with definitive IE. Real-time PCR of the 16s rRNA was utilized to directly analyze whole blood samples to diagnose bacterial IE...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755626/the-impact-of-admission-serum-creatinine-on-major-adverse-clinical-events-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#9
Poornima Vinod, Taylor Kann, Shyam Polaconda, Alibel Bello, Mohamed Khayata, Fernando Munoz, Vinod Krishnappa, Rupesh Raina
Background: Impaired renal function has been shown in previous studies to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular adverse events amongst patients admitted for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study investigates the impact of admission serum creatinine (SCr) on major cardiovascular outcomes among STEMI patients undergoing PCI. Methods: A retrospective study of patients admitted for PCI following STEMI was conducted using the National Cardiovascular Database Action Registry (NCDR) at Cleveland Clinic Akron General (CCAG) Hospital...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755625/minimal-invasive-technique-in-atrial-septal-defect-surgery
#10
Feridoun Sabzi, Reza Faraji, Mahmood Kazeminasab
Background: Median sternotomy with minimal skin incision (MSWMSI) and modified anterior mini-thoracotomy (MAMT) approach that both are innovative techniques modified from previous documented techniques are important alternative to conventional median sternotomy in atrial septal defect (ASD) repair. Our aim is to explain the details of two performed techniques in our center and explain the results. Methods: Totally 54 children with ASD (20 female and 34 male) were operated with two different techniques i...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755624/clinical-significance-of-skin-autofluorescence-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-chronic-heart-failure
#11
Takashi Hitsumoto
Background: Recent clinical studies have shown that skin autofluorescence (AF) levels are significantly associated with diabetic complications. In contrast, data regarding the relationships between skin AF and chronic heart failure (CHF) are limited. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical significance of skin AF in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with CHF. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 257 outpatients with type 2 DM with CHF who were treated medically (96 men and 161 women; mean age, 79 ± 7 years)...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755623/main-considerations-of-cardiogenic-shock-and-its-predictors-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Maria Christiane Valeria Braga Braile-Sternieri, Eliana Migliorini Mustafa, Victor Rodrigues Ribeiro Ferreira, Sofia Braile Sabino, Giovanni Braile Sternieri, Lucia Angelica Buffulin de Faria, Bethina Canaroli Sbardellini, Cibele Olegario Vianna Queiroz, Domingo Marcolino Braile, Idiberto Jose Zotarelli Filho
The mortality rate of post-infarction cardiogenic shock (CS) was 80.0-90.0%. Recent studies show a significant reduction of hospital mortality to approximately 50.0%. CS is defined as systemic tissue hypoperfusion resulting from systolic and/or diastolic heart dysfunction, the main cause of which is acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The main predictors are biological markers such as troponin, CKMB and lactate. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis is performed in order to present and correlate the main literary findings on CS and its evolution with possible changes in biomarkers such as troponin, lactate and CKMB...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479392/conversion-of-atrial-fibrillation-to-sinus-rhythm-during-coronary-intervention-complex-interplay-of-arrhythmic-and-ischemic-substrate
#13
Munish Sharma, Daniel A N Mascarenhas, Bharat Kantharia
Atrial fibrillation (AF) can be a manifestation of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Presence of AF during ACS further adds to complexities in the management issues and prognosis of ACS. We report a case of a 77-year-old male in whom we observed spontaneous conversion of AF to sinus rhythm during percutaneous coronary interventional procedure for critical ostial stenosis of the right coronary artery; and discuss potential electrophysiological mechanisms related to such phenomenon.
February 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479391/massive-hemorrhagic-pericardial-effusion-with-cardiac-tamponade-as-initial-manifestation-of-mixed-connective-tissue-disease
#14
Ashraf Abugroun, Osama Hallak, Fatima Ahmed, Safwan Gaznabi
Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is a distinct entity of connective tissue disorders characterized by overlapping clinical features of various autoimmune diseases along with the presence of antibodies to ribonucleoprotein (anti-RNP). The prevalence of cardiac involvement in MCTD varies from 13% to 65% and accounts for approximately 20% of MCTD related mortality. In this case, we describe an elderly female patient with multiple complaints without a clear etiology on presentation. Echocardiogram revealed severe rapidly accumulating pericardial effusion causing tamponade necessitating pericardial window...
February 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479390/acute-stent-loss-and-its-retrieval-of-a-long-tapering-morph-stent-in-a-tortuous-calcified-lesion
#15
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Anupam Mahrotra, Nishant Kumar Abhishekh, Mahmodula Razi, Puneet Aggarwal, Sunil Tripathi, Lokendra Rekwaal, Anupam Singh
A 72-year-old male with diabetes and smoking as coronary risk factors was evaluated for chronic stable angina - Canadian Cardiovascular Society III - despite guideline directed medical treatment which revealed a diffuse, tortuous, calcified narrowing (90% stenosis) in left circumflex (LCx) coronary artery. After predilatation, a 3.0 - 2.5 × 60 mm BioMime Morph stent - long tapering stent (Sirolimus eluting stent, Meril life Sciences, India) - was tracked which failed and dislodged to right deep femoral artery during its pullback...
February 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479389/group-g-streptococcus-infective-endocarditis-in-association-with-colon-cancer
#16
Ashraf Abugroun, Ramy Zughul, Mina Tawadrous, Margiori Rodriguez
Group G streptococcus has been increasingly reported as a cause of bacteremia and infective endocarditis. The association between various groups of streptococcus with malignancy has been well established. Such association is particularly observed in group D Streptococcus bovis which is commonly reported in association with carcinoma of the colon. We herein report a case of a 72-year-old male who presented with severe sepsis, iron deficiency anemia and newly diagnosed cardiac murmur. Further workup confirmed group G streptococcus bacteremia, infective endocarditis and newly diagnosed carcinoma of the colon...
February 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479388/successful-surgical-repair-and-perioperative-management-of-6-month-old-with-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-return-in-a-developing-country-considerations-for-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#17
Lakshmi R Gokanapudy, Kenneth E Remy, Sathappan Karuppiah, Eneida V Melgar Humala, Ibrahim Abdullah, Michael D Ruppe, William S Schechter, Robert Michler, Joseph D Tobias
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) is a rare congenital cardiac defect, accounting for 1.5-3% of cases of congenital heart disease. With prenatal ultrasonography, the majority of these patients are diagnosed in utero with definitive surgery performed during the neonatal period. However, as prenatal screening may not be available in developing countries, patients may present in later infancy. We present successful surgical repair of a 6-month-old infant with TAPVR who presented for medical care at 5 months of age in Lima, Peru...
February 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479387/use-of-sugammadex-in-a-patient-with-myotonic-dystrophy
#18
Samira Ahmed, Aymen Naguib, Dmitry Tumin, Joseph D Tobias
One of the challenges during the perioperative care of patients with myotonic dystrophy is the reversal of neuromuscular blocking agents. Agents that inhibit acetylcholinesterase, such as neostigmine, may precipitate myotonia, and are therefore relatively contraindicated. Sugammadex is a novel pharmacologic agent, which encapsulates rocuronium or vecuronium, thereby reversing their effect. We report anecdotal experience with the use of sugammadex to reverse neuromuscular blockade in a patient with myotonic dystrophy...
February 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479386/critical-management-of-severe-hypotension-caused-by-amlodipine-toxicity-managed-with-hyperinsulinemia-euglycemia-therapy-supplemented-with-calcium-gluconate-intravenous-glucagon-and-other-vasopressor-support-review-of-literature
#19
Kishore Kumar, Madhavi Biyyam, Bharat Bajantri, Sureshkumar Nayudu
Calcium channel blocker (CCB ) overdose, whether intentional or accidental, is a common clinical scenario and can be very lethal. Conventional treatments for CCB overdose include intravenous (IV) fluids, calcium salts, dopamine, dobutamine, norepinephrine, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, and glucagon. However, the conventional therapies are unsuccessful in reversing the cardiovascular toxicity of CCB, so they commonly fail to improve the hemodynamic condition of the patient. Blockade of the L-type calcium channels that mediate the antihypertensive effect of CCBs also decreases the release of insulin from pancreatic β-islet cells and reduces glucose uptake by tissues (insulin resistance)...
February 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479385/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-is-associated-with-increased-pacemaker-implantation-but-not-reduced-overall-survival
#20
Brent Klinkhammer
Background: A history of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a common compelling indication for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). However, there is little data on how these patients compare to other TAVR patients. In this study, the short and long-term outcomes of these TAVR patients after CABG are defined. Methods: A retrospective chart review case-control study of 337 consecutive patients who underwent a TAVR for severe aortic stenosis at Sanford Health in Fargo ND was performed to determine if a history of prior CABG was associated with worse outcomes after TAVR as compared to a TAVR cohort without a history of CABG...
February 2018: Cardiology Research
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