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Journal of International Advanced Otology

Suat Bilici, Fırat Onur, Ahmet Volkan Sünter, Özgür Yiğit, Gülben Erdem Huq
The external auditory canal contains ceruminous glands, which are modified apocrine sweat glands, along with sebaceous glands. Tumors that originate from ceruminous glands are very rare; thus, the classification, clinical behavior, and management of these tumors remain debatable. Here we present a case of ceruminous adenocarcinoma arising from the external auditory canal. Although most authors advise more aggressive therapy, our patient was treated with local en bloc resection of the tumor followed by intensity modulated radiotherapy and had no recurrence for 3 years...
August 3, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Mehmet Yaşar, Altan Kaya, Hatice Karaman, Mustafa Kavugudurmaz, Halil Polat, Mustafa Sağıt, İbrahim Özcan
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the curative role of topical Hypericum perforatum (HP) in a rat model of tympanic membrane perforation in a histopathological manner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 30 female Sprague-Dawley rats. An HP extract was prepared as a suspension in pure olive oil. In all rats, the right and left tympanic membranes were perforated by a fine puncture under a microscope. Rats were randomly assigned to three groups...
August 3, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Luca Bruschini, Annalisa Ciabotti, Stefano Berrettini
Worldwide, tuberculosis is a widespread disease, with 8.7 million new cases occurring annually. Its etiologic agent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, essentially causes pneumonia. However, this organism affects the middle ear in rare cases, accounting for 0.04-0.09% of all chronic middle ear otitis cases in Western countries. In this report, we describe the case of a young woman affected by tuberculosis of the middle ear. In our experience, empiric therapy was not beneficial. Adequate treatment was possible only after obtaining a specific diagnosis through a difficult process requiring surgical sampling for culture examination...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Waqar Aslam, Lena Abou Nukta, Hassan Haidar, Ali Alsaadi, Hassanin Abdulkarim, Aisha Larem, Abdulsalam Alqahtani
Chemical closure of tympanic membrane perforation is a commonly practiced office-based otological procedure, which is labeled to be effective and safe. In this paper, we report a case of a young lady with disastrous complications following an attempt of chemical cauterization of her perforated tympanic membrane.
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Andrea Ciorba, Virginia Corazzi, Veronica Conz, Rita Tazzari, Claudia Aimoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Inés Sánchez-Sellero, Andrés Soto-Varela
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic use of ototoxic drugs is relatively common, particularly in patients with severe diseases. It is likely that disturbances of balance in these patients are underestimated by clinicians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The purpose of this study was to identify drugs involved in the vestibulotoxic origin of instability in a group of 18 patients. RESULTS: Six patients showed both cochlear and vestibular damage, while 12 were affected only by posterior labyrinthine damage...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Adem Binnetoğlu, Tekin Bağlam, Murat Sarı, Yavuz Gündoğdu, Çağlar Batman
Duplication of the internal auditory canal is an uncommon, congenital malformation that can be associated with sensorineural hearing loss owing to aplasia/hypoplasia of the vestibulocochlear nerve. Only 14 such cases have been reported to date. We report the case of a 13-month-old girl with bilateral, congenital, sensorineural hearing loss caused by narrow, duplicated internal auditory canals and discuss the challenges encountered in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition.
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Asuman Alnıaçık Erdoğan, Şeyda Nur Arslan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of earmolds made of silicone and acrylic on outer ear canal resonance characteristics in terms of resonance frequency and amplitude measured in a hearing aid fitting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Outer ear canal resonance frequencies and amplitudes in open ears and those measured with silicone and acrylic ear molds were obtained from 30 participants between the ages of 20 and 25 years (average age, 22.0 years; 18 females and 12 males) with a real ear gain measurement...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Mohan Kumar Kalaiah, Deepthi Thomas, Jayashree S Bhat, Rajesh Ranjan
OBJECTIVE: The present study was carried out to compare the consonant perception of young and middle-aged adults in quiet and noisy listening conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine adults aged between 18 and 55 years old participated in the study, and were separated into two groups based on their age: Group I, comprising 15 young adults aged between 18 and 40 years old, and Group II, comprising 14 middle-aged adults aged between 41 and 55 years old. All the participants had normal hearing sensitivity in both ears...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Hyun Woo Lim, Tae Su Kim, Woo Seok Kang, Chan Il Song, Seunghee Baek, Jong Woo Chung
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate the efficacy of cilostazol, a selective phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor, in patients with chronic tinnitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult patients of chronic tinnitus lasting more than 3 months were included. Fifty eligible patients were randomly assigned to either cilostazol or control (placebo) group. The study medication of oral 100-mg cilostazol and a matching placebo were used twice a day for 4 weeks...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Hasan Demirhan, Muhammet Yıldız, Özgür Yiğit
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the usefulness of 1000-Hz tone burst (TB) stimuli for detecting cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) abnormalities in patients with a cochlear implant (CI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty asymptomatic patients who received unilateral CI because of severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss were assessed for cVEMP produced by TB stimuli at two frequencies (500 and 1000 Hz) in the airway. VEMPs were recorded when the devices were switched to the on (CI-on) and off (CI-off) positions...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Leman Birdane, Armağan İncesulu, Erkan Özüdoğru, Cemal Cingi, Hamdi Caklı, Melek Kezban Gürbüz, Baki Adapınar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the vestibular system of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (USNHL), investigate the etiological factors of USNHL and analyze whether a genetic predisposition exists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three children aged less than 18 years with USNHL, who visited the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) department between January 2004 and December 2012, were included in this study. Cases with conductive hearing loss were excluded from the study...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Chan Il Song, Woo Seok Kang, Jeong Hyun Lee, Jong Woo Chung
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to measure the radiological dimensions of the cochlear aqueduct in Meniere's disease and in low-frequency hearing loss (LFHL) patients and control patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Groups of 26 patients (32 ears, including 6 with bilateral involvement) with Meniere's disease, 14 patients (18 ears) with LFHL, and 23 patients with unilateral chronic otitis media, as controls, were enrolled. For the measurements, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the temporal bone was performed...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Sait Karaca, Oğuz Basut, Uygar Levent Demir, Ömer Afşın Özmen, Fikret Kasapoğlu, Hakan Coşkun
OBJECTIVE: Various types of laser, microdrill, and perforator are effectively used in the surgical treatment of otosclerosis. However, they have certain disadvantages along with advantages. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) laser and perforator stapedotomy techniques on audiological outcomes and postoperative vestibular functions via videonystagmography (VNG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective and randomized clinical study was conducted in an academic tertiary medical center...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Ahmed Omran, Fatthi Abdel Baki, Ahmed Amin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of glass ionomer bone cement (GIBC) in lateral attic wall reconstruction after primary acquired attic cholesteatoma surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on twenty children collected from the ENT outpatient clinics of a secondary and tertiary hospital. All patients presented with chronic suppurative otitis media with cholesteatoma of the primary acquired attic type. All patients underwent intact canal wall mastoidectomy (ICWM) with a transcanal atticotomy to address primary cholesteatoma involving the attic and the supratubal recess...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Dong Hee Lee, Jisun Kim, Eunhye Shin, Yulgyun Kim, Yesun Cho
OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study were to evaluate the outcome of office-based paper patch grafting in tympanic membrane (TM) perforation regardless of the disease duration or etiology and to compare the clinical factors influencing the successful closure of perforation between the success and failure groups of paper patch myringoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 114 patients that underwent paper patch myringoplasty in an outpatient setting (success group, 83 cases; failure group, 31 cases)...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Taylan Gün, Osman Fatih Boztepe, Doğan Atan, Aykut İkincioğulları, Hüseyin Dere
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of three different myringoplasty techniques, namely hyaluronic acid fat graft myringoplasty (HAFGM), fat graft myringoplasty (FGM), and temporal fascia for the closure of different sizes and sites of tympanic membrane perforations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients who had undergone a type 1 tympanoplasty operation at our clinic between May 2007 and February 2013. The patients were divided into three groups depending on the patient's choice of technique as follows: Fat Graft Myringoplasty (FGM) (Group I), Hyaluronic Acid Fat Graft Myringoplasty (HAFGM) (Group II), and Temporalis Fascia (TF) (Group III)...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
William J Parkes, Sharon L Cushing, Blake C Papsin, Susan I Blaser, Adrian L James
OBJECTIVE: To use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the extent of mastoid opacification after canal wall up (CWU) cholesteatoma surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five children in whom post-operative MRI had been obtained after CWU surgery. Cholesteatoma confined to the meso- and/or epi-tympanum was removed using a transcanal approach (n=18). More extensive disease required a combined approach tympanomastoidectomy (CAT, n=17). Mastoid opacification was assessed in both ears by a neuroradiologist blind to surgical details using an ordinal scale from 0 (no opacification) to 6 (completely opacified)...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Ahmet Mutlu, Emine Dündar, Mete İşeri, Cengiz Erçin, Ayşe Cefle
Gout is a common metabolic disease and is characterized by episodic acute and chronic arthritis caused by the deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in joints and connective tissues. The most commonly involved joint is the first metatarsophalangeal joint. It may also present with nonspecific complaints caused by gouty tophi in unusual sites of the body such as the spine, bone, and middle ear. Such involvements can be disabling and impair the quality of life. In this report, we describe the case of a patient who had complaints of hearing loss and otorrhea...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Özgür Sürmelioğlu, Özgür Tarkan, Süleyman Özdemir, Ülkü Tuncer, Mete Kıroğlu, Funda Akar Atik
Diagnostic imaging methods are very important for patients with bilateral sensourinoural hearing loss. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is able to demonstrate the vestibulocochlear nerve and facial nerve in the internal acoustic canal. Also computed tomography can be helpful to determination of the deficiency of the cochlear nerve. Cochlear nerve anomalies are classified into three group according to the magnetic resonance imagings. Patients who have cochlear nerve deficiency may not hear with cochlear amplifications...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
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