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Journal of International Advanced Otology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764792/otitis-media-with-effusion-revealing-underlying-meningioma
#1
Diane Evrard, Mary Daval, Denis Ayache
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a very common condition in the current clinical practice. Usually idiopathic, it may sometimes be the consequence of primary diseases. Extracranial meningioma is rare, and even more when involving the ear and temporal bone. We report a case of temporal meningioma spreading to the middle ear and mastoid presenting as an OME. The diagnosis relies on a thorough imaging evaluation with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. This short report aims to warn the otolaryngologist of this rare situation to prevent any delay in diagnosing and managing such a condition...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764791/giant-cell-tumor-of-the-temporal-bone-and-skull-base-a-case-report
#2
İsa Kaya, Murat Benzer, Göksel Turhal, Gode Sercan, Cem Bilgen, Tayfun Kirazlı
Giant cell tumor (GCT) is a benign tumor that originates from undifferentiated mesenchymal cells of the bone marrow. The cranium as well as temporal bone is a rare location for GCTs. Despite its benign nature, GCT may be locally aggressive and has the potential to recur locally. Furthermore, GCT may give rise to pulmonary metastases (~1%) in addition to causing local bone destruction. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice for patients with GCT. We describe the case of a 56-year-old female who presented with headache and hearing loss with extensive GCT, which originated in the squamous part of the temporal bone and extended into the left mandibular fossa and middle ear...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764790/a-case-of-inverted-papilloma-of-the-mastoid-cavity-after-cholesteatoma-surgery
#3
Goh Eui-Kyung, Cho Ilyoung, Oh Se-Joon, Choi Sung-Won, Kim Young-Keum
An inverted papilloma is a benign neoplasm that occurs exclusively in the sinonasal cavity; an inverted papilloma involving the mastoid cavity is extremely rare. We present the case of a patient with an inverted papilloma of the mastoid cavity secondary to cholesteatoma surgery. No case that occurred after acquired cholesteatoma has been reported in literature. A 39-year-old female who was diagnosed with cholesteatoma was treated with a modified radical mastoidectomy in 1988. After recurrence, the patient underwent a canal wall down mastoidectomy in 2006...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764789/eosinophilic-otitis-media-treated-with-anti-ige-monoclonal-antibodies-and-a-bone-conduction-implant
#4
Young Eun Han, Yong Seok Kang, Younhoon Cho, Moo Kyun Park
Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) are intractable otitis media characterized by highly viscous secretions containing eosinophils in the middle ear. They are resistant to conventional medication and surgery. This condition occurs primarily in patients with bronchial asthma or allergic rhinitis and is often complicated by rhinosinusitis. Systemic and topical steroid therapies are effective treatments. However, long-term steroid therapy is often limited by a high risk of serious adverse effects. The use of topical steroids and otorrhea are bothersome when wearing hearing aids...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764788/periosteal-flap-in-cochlear-implantation-how-i-do-it
#5
Yasser Ahmed Fouad, Thomas Roland
This clinical report describes and evaluates a novel periosteal flap design. This technique was applied in 26 patients who underwent cochlear implantation surgery at two tertiary referral centers. No complications were observed during or after the surgery. Additionally, there was no evidence of device migration, wound infection, wound hematoma, or delayed wound healing. Notably, the mastoid emissary vein was intact in all cases. In conclusion, this modified anterior-based periosteal flap is a safe procedure and is aimed at avoiding mastoid emissary vein bleeding and allowing complete repositioning of the periosteum over the implanted device...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764787/myringoplasty-quality-control-is-necessary-comparison-of-surgical-results-of-two-consecutive-series-in-a-single-institution
#6
Matti Iso-Mustajärvi, Aarno Dietz, Heikki Löppönen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare myringoplasty results from two different consecutive series conducted at the Kuopio University Hospital during a four-decade period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 315 patients (a total of 338 ears) who underwent myringoplasty at Kuopio University Hospital between the years 1986 and 2012. The results from this series were compared with those form a previously published series of 404 patients who underwent myringoplasty between 1970 and 1985 at the same institution...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764786/instability-in-patients-with-canvas-can-computerized-dynamic-posturography-help-in-diagnosis
#7
Alba Marina Milá de la Roca-Morales, Joan F Andreo-Marroig, Sofía Santos-Pérez, Andrés Soto-Varela
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern of dynamic posturography or its role in diagnosis in patients with cerebellar ataxia with neuropathy and vestibular arreflexia syndrome (CANVAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present and describe posturographic data of four patients diagnosed with the CANVAS syndrome in a tertiary hospital. RESULTS: In all patients, the average balance score was diminished. Two patients presented a pattern of visual dependence...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764785/balloon-eustachian-tuboplasty-systematic-review-of-long-term-outcomes-and-proposed-indications
#8
Veera Luukkainen, Ilkka Kivekäs, Juha Silvola, Jussi Jero, Saku T Sinkkonen
Balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) aims to improve the function of the Eustachian tube (ET). The objective of this study was to review the long-term outcome of BET and present the process and results of outlining indications for BET by the Finnish Otosurgical Society. The literature review is based on a database search performed in May 2017. The search resulted in 100 individual articles, which were screened for relevance. Five articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria (follow-up ≥12 months). Five additional articles (follow-up, 6-11 months) were analyzed to obtain supportive information...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764784/sneezing-and-perilymphatic-fistula-of-the-round-window-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
Francesco Comacchio, Marta Mion
The goal of the present study was to describe a case of perilymphatic fistula (PLF) of the round window (RW) that occurred after sneezing, along with a review of the literature. We report a case of PLF of RW, which was provoked by sneezing, and its consequent medical and surgical treatments. With respect to the review of the literature, articles were initially selected based on their titles or abstracts, followed by methodological evaluation. The patient underwent an explorative tympanotomy (ET) with packaging of RW with the pericondrium, following which the patient's complaints regarding vertigo and imbalance disappeared, but the severe sensorineural hearing loss persisted...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764783/an-analysis-of-the-parameters-used-in-speech-abr-assessment-protocols
#10
Milaine D Sanfins, Stavros Hatzopoulos, Caroline Donadon, Thais A Diniz, Leticia R Borges, Piotr H Skarzynski, Maria Francisca Colella-Santos
The aim of this study was to assess the parameters of choice, such as duration, intensity, rate, polarity, number of sweeps, window length, stimulated ear, fundamental frequency, first formant, and second formant, from previously published speech ABR studies. To identify candidate articles, five databases were assessed using the following keyword descriptors: speech ABR, ABR-speech, speech auditory brainstem response, auditory evoked potential to speech, speech-evoked brainstem response, and complex sounds...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764782/eaono-position-statement-on-vestibular-schwannoma-imaging-assessment-what-are-the-indications-for-performing-a-screening-mri-scan-for-a-potential-vestibular-schwannoma
#11
Jérôme Waterval, Romain Kania, Thomas Somers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764781/eaono-position-statement-on-vestibular-schwannoma-imaging-assessment-question-how-should-growth-of-vestibular-schwannoma-be-defined
#12
Romain Kania, Benjamin Vérillaud, Domitille Camous, Charlotte Hautefort, Thomas Somers, Jérôme Waterval, Sébastien Froelich, Philippe Herman
The relevance of defining the growth of vestibular schwannoma (VS) is that any significant VS growth may impact treatment strategy. A conservative treatment strategy is often proposed as a primary treatment option in the management of VS. Several authors have demonstrated that a significant proportion of VSs do not grow, and those that do, usually grow slowly. Surgical and/or radiosurgical treatment options may be offered to the patient according to the VS growth. Therefore, defining the VS growth is a determinant in managing treatment strategies...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764780/what-is-the-required-frequency-of-mri-scanning-in-the-wait-and-scan-management
#13
Thomas Somers, Romain Kania, Jerome Waterval, Tony Van Havenbergh
The wait and scan policy is being increasingly used as the first measure after the diagnosis of a vestibular schwannoma (VS) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). As part of the European Academy of Otology and Neuro-Otology (EAONO) position statement on VS, the frequency of imaging has been studied in the literature. Among 163 studies, 29 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were scored using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. Because tumor growth rate during the first 5 years of follow-up is predictive of further growth during the upcoming years, a protocol for wait and scan is useful for centers dealing with this condition...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764779/patients-over-60-years-of-age-have-poor-prognosis-in-facial-nerve-decompression-surgery-with-preserved-ossicular-chain
#14
Norio Kondo, Yukie Yamamura, Manabu Nonaka
OBJECTIVE: We report our retrospective study of the recovery rate of auditory ossicles preserved facial nerve decompression surgery via the transmastoid approach in cases of both an electroneurography score of < 10% and a Yanagihara score of ≤8 in Bell's palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 47 patients who we were able to follow-up for more than 6 months following the onset of palsy. The recovery rate was defined by the Japan Society for Facial Nerve Research or the Yanagihara score...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764778/lower-beclin-1-mrna-levels-in-pediatric-compared-with-adult-patients-with-otitis-media-with-effusion
#15
Kim Sang Hoon, Kim Myung Gu, Shim Haeng Seon, Kim Sung Su, Kim Young Il, Yeo Seung Geun
OBJECTIVES: The role of autophagy in the pathophysiology of otitis media with effusion (OME) remains unclear, particularly regarding the difference between pediatric and adult patients. The present study analyzed the expression levels of autophagy-associated mRNAs in effusion fluids obtained from pediatric and adult patients with OME. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Middle ear fluid samples were collected from 76 pediatric patients and 41 adult patients with OME, and the levels of mRNAs encoding autophagy-related genes were measured using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764777/comparison-of-social-interaction-between-cochlear-implanted-children-with-normal-intelligence-undergoing-auditory-verbal-therapy-and-normal-hearing-children-a-pilot-study
#16
Leila Monshizadeh, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Fariba Yadegari, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Petra Kirchem, Fatemeh Kasbi
OBJECTIVE: A cochlear implant is a device that helps hearing-impaired children by transmitting sound signals to the brain and helping them improve their speech, language, and social interaction. Although various studies have investigated the different aspects of speech perception and language acquisition in cochlear-implanted children, little is known about their social skills, particularly Persian-speaking cochlear-implanted children. Considering the growing number of cochlear implants being performed in Iran and the increasing importance of developing near-normal social skills as one of the ultimate goals of cochlear implantation, this study was performed to compare the social interaction between Iranian cochlear-implanted children who have undergone rehabilitation (auditory verbal therapy) after surgery and normal-hearing children...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764776/vestibulo-cochlear-function-after-cochlear-implantation-in-patients-with-meniere-s-disease
#17
Raquel Manrique-Huarte, Diego Calavia, Laura Alvarez-Gomez, Alicia Huarte, Nicolás Perez-Fernández, Manuel Manrique
OBJECTIVES: To measure the auditory (pure tone audiometry and word recognition scores) and vestibular (video head impulse test and vestibular myogenic potentials) outcomes in patients diagnosed with Meniere's disease (MD) who underwent cochlear implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study included 23 cochlear implant users with MD and 29 patients diagnosed with far-advanced otosclerosis (the control group). RESULTS: The preoperative mean pure tone average thresholds were 99 and 122...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764775/predicting-round-window-visibility-during-cochlear-implantation-using-high-resolution-ct-scan
#18
Saad Elzayat, Mahmoud Mandour, Rasha Lotfy, Ali Mahrous
OBJECTIVES: To predict round window niche (RWN) visibility using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the pre-surgical axial HRCT scan of 110 patients who underwent cochlear implantation and compared the CT visibility of RWN with the intraoperative findings by reviewing the operative notes and replaying the surgical video recording. The shape of RWN was determined using the HRCT slice with maximum RWN visibility...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764774/the-natural-history-of-asymptomatic-deep-pars-tensa-retraction
#19
John Cutajar, Maryam Nowghani, Bharti Tulsidas-Mahtani, John Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to quantify the natural behavior of asymptomatic deep pars tensa retraction in both adults and children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Asymptomatic pars tensa retraction pockets that contacted the promontory were included. Persistently symptomatic pars tensa retraction, pars tensa retraction that did not contact the promontory, patients with attic retraction pockets and patients with cholesteatoma were excluded. Patients were followed up annually and were eliminated from the study if they required active intervention or recovered so that their ears were persistently ventilated with no contact of the tympanic membrane to the promontory...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764773/cochlear-implant-electrode-array-from-partial-to-full-insertion-in-non-human-primate-model
#20
Raquel Manrique-Huarte, Diego Calavia, Maria Antonia Gallego, Manuel Manrique
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of progressive insertion (two sequential surgeries: partial to full insertion) of an electrode array and to compare functional outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 8 normal-hearing animals (Macaca fascicularis (MF)) were included. A 14 contact electrode array, which is suitably sized for the MF cochlea was partially inserted (PI) in 16 ears. After 3 months of follow-up revision surgery the electrode was advanced to a full insertion (FI) in 8 ears...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
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