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Journal of International Advanced Otology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283105/hearing-loss-in-takayasu-s-arteritis-a-role-for-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy
#1
LETTER
Massimo Ralli, Antonio Greco, Marco de Vincentiis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283104/repair-of-tegmen-tympani-defect-presenting-with-spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fluid-otorrhea-using-the-middle-cranial-fossa-approach
#2
Said Sönmez, Bayram Şahin, Beldan Polat, Şenol Çomoğlu, Kadir Serkan Orhan
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea frequently occurs without temporal bone trauma, fracture, surgery, or any identifiable causes. It is usually associated with tegmen tympani defects of the temporal bone in adults. The congenital origin theory and the arachnoid granulation theory have been accepted to explain the tegmen tympani defect. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are used to show the defects, brain tissue, and the meninges. We recently encountered three cases of spontaneous CSF otorrhea with a defect on the tegmental plate of the temporal bone...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283103/a-view-of-the-therapy-for-bell-s-palsy-based-on-molecular-biological-analyses-of-facial-muscles
#3
Hiroshi Moriyama, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Masahiro Itoh, Naruhito Otsuka
OBJECTIVE: Details regarding the molecular biological features of Bell's palsy have not been widely reported in textbooks. We genetically analyzed facial muscles and clarified these points. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed genetic analysis of facial muscle specimens from Japanese patients with severe (House-Brackmann facial nerve grading system V) and moderate (House-Brackmann facial nerve grading system III) dysfunction due to Bell's palsy. Microarray analysis of gene expression was performed using specimens from the healthy and affected sides, and gene expression was compared...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283102/use-of-vasodilators-in-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Melissa Bravenboer de Sousa, Selma Cazemier, Inge Stegeman, Hans Thomeer
To compare the effect of vasodilators with that of corticosteroids in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL). A search in PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase was conducted. Two reviewers screened the data sources to identify articles that comply with predefined inclusion criteria. Studies that compared the therapeutic effect of vasodilators with prednisone or placebo in patients with ISSHL were identified. Five articles were selected, involving a total of 611 patients. The odds ratios for perceptive hearing levels (pure tone average) post treatment varied between 0...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283101/the-reliability-and-validity-of-dokuz-eyl%C3%A3-l-university-meniere-s-disease-disability-scale
#5
Başak Mutlu, Günay Kırkım, Serpil Mungan Durankaya, Selhan Gürkan, Tahsin Oğuz Başokçu, Enis Alpin Güneri
OBJECTIVE: Ménière's Disease (MD) is a chronic, non-life threatening inner ear disease, with attacks of disabling vertigo, progressive hearing loss, and tinnitus as the major symptoms. All three symptoms, separately or in combination, cause great distress and have a considerable impact on the quality of life of the patients. The aims of this study were to develop a disease-specific quality of life survey for patients with MD and to analyze the relationships between the audiovestibular findings and the survey...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283100/the-efficacy-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-of-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence
#6
Fatma Beyazal Çeliker, Abdulkadir Özgür, Metin Çeliker, Mehmet Beyazal, Arzu Turan, Suat Terzi, Mehmet Fatih İnecikli
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The radiological records of patients who were admitted to our clinic with complaints of otologic and neuro-otologic symptoms between October 2014 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Among these patients, those who underwent both computed tomography and MRI and were reported to have SSCD in the temporal bone on at least one side were included in the study group...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283099/radiological-evaluation-of-inner-ear-with-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-unilateral-non-pulsatile-tinnitus
#7
Emre Ocak, Deniz Kocaöz, Baran Acar, Selma Uysal Ramadan, Melih Topçuoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to investigate the possible relationship between tinnitus and certain bony inner ear structures using computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, controlled, double-blind study. The subjects of the study were divided into the following three groups: group 1 (G1), patients with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and unilateral non-pulsatile tinnitus in the same ear; group 2 (G2), patients with normal hearing and unilateral non-pulsatile tinnitus; and group 3 (G3), healthy volunteers with neither tinnitus nor hearing loss...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283098/electrophysiological-and-histopathological-evaluation-of-effects-of-sodium-2-mercaptoethanesulfonate-used-for-middle-ear-surgery-on-facial-nerve-functions
#8
Oğuz Kadir Eğilmez, Numan Kökten, Mustafa Baran, M Tayyar Kalcıoğlu, Işın Doğan Ekici, Muhammet Tekin
OBJECTIVE: Sodium-2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (MESNA) is widely used in medicine because of its antioxidant and mucolytic effects. In recent years, it has been used in otologic surgery. Because it cleaves disulfide bonds, it is used to easily dissect the epithelial matrix in cholesteatoma and atelectasis. In this study, we hypothesized that MESNA does not have any toxic effect on the facial nerve, and the effects of MESNA on the facial nerve were examined histologically and electrophysiologically...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283097/efficacy-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-fat-grafts-in-the-repair-of-tympanic-membrane-perforations-an-experimental-study
#9
Mehmet Akif Aksoy, Mustafa Fuat Açıkalın, Melek Kezban Gürbüz, Erkan Niyazi Özüdoğru, Funda Canaz, Ercan Kaya, Mehmet Özgür Pınarbaşlı, Armağan İncesulu, Hamdi Çaklı, Cemal Cingi
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to improve the success rate of fat graft myringoplasty in perforated tympanic membranes of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 healthy Wistar albino female rats were divided into two groups. In Group 1, the left tympanic membranes were perforated and grafted with a fat graft that was harvested from the inguinal region. In Group 2, the left tympanic membranes were perforated, and a fat graft was also harvested from the inguinal region...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283096/the-role-of-topical-thymoquinone-in-the-treatment-of-acute-otitis-externa-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#10
Hasan Demirel, Cengiz Arlı, Tümay Özgür, Melek İnci, Recep Dokuyucu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this experimental study was to compare the dose-related effect of topical thymoquinone (TQ) with other topical agents used in the management of acute otitis externa (AOE) in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight male Wistar albino rats were divided into six groups each with eight rats per group. Group I was the control group with no external otitis, whereas external otitis were created in the other five groups (study groups). Dexamethasone, 0...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283095/evaluation-of-cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-in-subjects-with-chronic-noise-exposure
#11
Nehal Mamdouh Abd El Salam, Elshahat Ibrahem Ismail, Ayman El Saeed El Sharabasy
OBJECTIVE: Noise has been recognized as a major cause of cochlear damage resulting in both tinnitus and hearing loss. On the other hand, damage to the vestibular system, especially the saccule, can be considered as a potential problem. The cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs) have been established as a clinical test of measuring both sac-cular and inferior vestibular nerve function. Therefore, it is thought to be sensitive to the noise-induced damage to the vestibular system...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283094/a-comparison-of-cochlear-nerve-size-in-normal-hearing-adults-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
Christoper Heining, Theofano Tikka, Steve Colley, Laura Zilinskiene, Chris Coulson
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implantation is a clinical and cost-effective treatment for severe hearing loss. Cochlear nerve size assessment by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been investigated for use as a prognostic indicator following cochlear implantation. This study aimed to further that research by assessing nerve size in normal-hearing adults for symmetry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with tinnitus presenting to our center retrospectively had their nerve size assessed by MRI...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283093/anterior-cervical-disc-fusion-does-not-affect-the-presence-of-cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential
#13
Ioannis Kastanioudakis, Panagiotis Saravakos, Andreas Zigouris, Vasileios Ragos, Oliver Reichel, Nafsika Ziavra
OBJECTIVE: Cervical spondylosis and cervical disk herniation are the most frequent forms of degenerative disease in the cervical spine. Surgical treatment mainly includes anterior cervical disk fusion. However, information concerning vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) recording in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery is limited. The present prospective study aimed to investigate the effect of anterior disk fusion surgery on cervical VEMP (cVEMP) parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients were enrolled in this study, and 20 patients (10 men and 10 women) completed cVEMP testing...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165312/the-role-of-high-dose-intratympanic-dexamethasone-as-salvage-therapy-for-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#14
Špela Kordiš, Saba Battelino
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a single high dose intratympanic (IT) dexamethasone (DEX) as salvage therapy for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) after unsuccessful treatment with oral corticosteroid (CS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective open-label study of 59 patients treated with IT DEX after systemic CS therapy has failed. All patients received high dose (24 mg/mL) IT DEX in a single injection through myringotomy...
November 21, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165311/should-nasal-function-be-considered-prior-to-tympanoplasty
#15
Metin Yüksel Akyıldız, Ömer Afşın Özmen, Uygar Levent Demir, Fikret Kasapoğlu, Hamdi Hakan Coşkun, Oğuz İbrahim Basut, Deniz Sığırlı
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between nasal airway function and Eustachian tube (ET) functions and their impact on tympanoplasty in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group (CSOM group) consisted of 33 patients scheduled to undergo tympanoplasty for CSOM. Two control groups were formed: a nasal septal deviation (NSD) group of 25 patients scheduled to undergo nasal surgery for NSD, and a control group of 25 healthy individuals with no otologic or rhinologic symptoms...
November 21, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165310/serum-trace-elements-and-heavy-metal-levels-in-patients-diagnosed-with-chronic-otitis-media-and-their-association-with-surgical-treatment-outcomes
#16
Nazım Bozan, Mehmet Emre Dinç, Halit Demir, Abdulaziz Yalınkılıç, Edip Gönüllü, Mahfuz Turan, Canan Demir, Ayşe Arslan, Hüseyin Özkan, Pınar Kundi, Ahmet Faruk Kıroğlu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the serum iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), magnesium (Mg), cobalt (Co), and lead (Pb) levels in patients with chronic otitis media (COM) and to evaluate the association of the serum levels of these elements with treatment outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one healthy volunteers and 31 patients with COM were prospectively included in this study. Serum levels of Fe, Zn, Mn, Mg, Cu, Co, and Pb were determined by an atomic absorption UNICAM-929 spectrophotometer...
November 21, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165309/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-dizziness-after-motor-vehicle-accident
#17
Min Bum Kim, Suk Won Chang, Gil Chai Lim, Chan Il Song
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical characteristics of dizziness occurring after a motor vehicle accident. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 217 patients who had visited a tertiary medical center complaining of dizziness after a motor vehicle accident between January 2009 and December 2014. Of the 217 patients, we enrolled 54 patients who had undergone a vestibular function test and had no definite evidence of fracture of the temporal bone or intracranial lesions...
November 21, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092806/an-effective-surgical-approach-for-the-management-of-recurrent-first-branchial-cleft-fistula-with-cysts-a-case-report
#18
Mi Jang, Chunfu Dai
The goal of this case report is to describe an unusual case of recurrent first branchial cleft fistula with cysts and the effective surgical approach of complete removal with preservation of the facial nerve. A 27-year-old woman presented to our clinic after unsuccessful removal twice during the last 20 years. We have achieved satisfactory outcomes by using an approach to identify the facial nerve at the stylomastoid foramen with canal wall up mastoidectomy under a microscope. No sign of facial palsy, hearing loss, or recurrence were noted in postoperative follow-up...
November 2, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092805/spontaneous-otorrhagia-after-laparoscopic-pelvic-surgery-a-report-of-two-cases
#19
Keith Basler, Alexander Malone, Matt Carmichael, Osama Hafez, Tapan Padhya, K Paul Boyev
Spontaneous otorrhagia following laparoscopic pelvic surgery is a complication that is rarely reported and incompletely understood. Few case reports have described this phenomenon, though its true incidence is unknown. It has been hypothesized that a combination of extreme patient positioning and abdominal insufflation is the contributing factor. There does not appear to be any untoward consequences and patients can be managed conservatively. We present two cases of spontaneous otorrhagia associated with laparoscopic pelvic surgery, which occurred over a 1-week period at our institution...
November 2, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092804/bilateral-vestibular-hypofunction-in-quantitative-head-impulse-test-clinical-characteristics-in-23-patients
#20
Hilla Levo, Heikki Aalto, Timo P Hirvonen
OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical features of patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) verified in motorized head impulse test (MHIT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined clinical records of 23 adult patients (10 males and 13 females), whose gain of the vestibulo-ocular reflex in the MHIT was bilaterally lowered. Fifteen of 62 unilateral cochlear implant (CI) recipients routinely tested both pre- and postoperatively with the MHIT had BVH. Eight of 198 vestibular outpatients selected to the MHIT due to clinical causes had BVH...
November 2, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
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