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Viszeralmedizin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889148/ectopic-spleen-tissue-an-underestimated-differential-diagnosis-of-a-hypervascularised-liver-tumour
#1
Eberhard Grambow, Malte Weinrich, Annette Zimpfer, Katja Kloker, Ernst Klar
BACKGROUND: Patients with liver cirrhosis have an increased risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Implantation metastasis following diagnostic biopsy is a well-known complication. Therefore, primary resection of a hypervascularised tumour suspicious for HCC is often performed with curative intent. CASE REPORT: An exophytically growing mass was diagnosed between liver segments III and IVb by means of ultrasound in a 53-year old male patient with decompensated liver cirrhosis...
December 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889147/precision-medicine-and-non-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastases-fiction-or-reality
#2
REVIEW
Effie Liakopoulou, Alexander Knuth
BACKGROUND: Non-colorectal liver metastases (nCRLM) constitute a variety of heterogeneous diseases and a considerable therapeutic challenge. Management is based on the primary tumor and the clinical course. In the era of precision medicine (PM) we know that cancer is heterogeneous within the tumor and across different sites. METHODS: We give an overview of the path to PM through 'omics' beyond genomics. We refer to the experience gained to date from models such as colorectal cancer and we discuss the opportunity offered by PM for the management of nCRLM...
December 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889146/current-medical-treatment-of-patients-with-non-colorectal-liver-metastases-primary-tumor-breast-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Cornelia Liedtke, Hans-Christian Kolberg
BACKGROUND: (Metastatic) breast cancer is a heterogeneous entity in which every disease subtype requires an individualized systemic treatment approach. METHODS: We reviewed the currently available data regarding systemic therapy of breast cancer and present a review of historical and current treatment approaches, with the publications cited covering a time span from 1896 to the last ASCO 2015. RESULTS: Systemic therapy of metastatic breast cancer may include chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, and targeted therapies (e...
December 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889145/arterial-therapies-of-non-colorectal-liver-metastases
#4
REVIEW
Gilbert Puippe, Thomas Pfammatter, Niklaus Schaefer
BACKGROUND: The unique situation of the liver with arterial and venous blood supply and the dependency of the tumor on the arterial blood flow make this organ an ideal target for intrahepatic catheter-based therapies. Main forms of treatment are classical bland embolization (TAE) cutting the blood flow to the tumors, chemoembolization (TACE) inducing high chemotherapy concentration in tumors, and radioembolization (TARE) without embolizing effect but very high local radiation. These different forms of therapies are used in different centers with different protocols...
December 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889144/how-effective-are-percutaneous-liver-directed-therapies-in-patients-with-non-colorectal-liver-metastases
#5
REVIEW
Thomas J Vogl, Ahmed Emam, Nagy N Naguib, Katrin Eichler, Stefan Zangos
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review is to demonstrate the clinical indications, technical developments, and outcome of liver-directed therapies in interventional oncology of non-colorectal liver metastases. METHODS: Liver-directed therapies are classified into vascular transarterial techniques such as chemoperfusion (TACP), chemoembolization (TACE), radioembolization (selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT)), and chemosaturation, as well as thermal ablation techniques like microwave ablation (MWA), radiofrequency ablation (RFA), laser-induced thermotherapy (LITT), cryotherapy, and irreversible electroporation (IRE)...
December 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889143/is-there-a-role-for-liver-transplantation-in-non-colorectal-liver-metastases
#6
REVIEW
Uta Herden, Björn Nashan
Due to the high blood flow, especially blood from the intestinal tract via the portal vein, the liver is a preferred organ for metastases. In case of advanced, irresectable liver metastases liver transplantation (LTX) remains an attractive option. However, due to high recurrence rates or a lack of data, up to date, metastases from neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are the only accepted indication for LTX in non-colorectal liver metastases. In this regard, LTX is only justified in patients in which complete tumor resection (R0 resection) of the NET is achievable...
December 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889142/liver-resection-for-non-colorectal-liver-metastases-standards-and-extended-indications
#7
REVIEW
Ulf Kulik, Frank Lehner, Hüseyin Bektas, Jürgen Klempnauer
BACKGROUND: Due to the uncertain benefit of liver resection for non-colorectal liver metastases (NCLM), patient selection for surgery is generally difficult. Therefore, the aim of this article was to propose standard and extended indications for liver resection in this heterogeneous disease collective. METHODS: Review of the literature. RESULTS: The myriad of biologically different primary tumor entities as well as the mostly small and retrospective studies investigating the benefit of surgery for NCLM limits the proposal of general recommendations...
December 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889141/morphologic-and-functional-imaging-of-non-colorectal-liver-metastases
#8
REVIEW
Philipp Heusch, Gerald Antoch
Liver metastases are the most frequent malignant liver lesions. Besides colorectal carcinoma, gastric carcinoma, pancreatic carcinoma, breast cancer, lung cancer, and neuroendocrine tumors are the most common entities that metastasize to the liver. The morphology of these metastases depends on the primary tumor. For morphologic and functional imaging of non-colorectal liver metastases, multiple imaging techniques such as ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography coupled with CT or MRI are available...
December 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889140/treatment-of-non-colorectal-liver-metastases
#9
Andrea Frilling, Matthias Ebert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989393/laparoscopic-pylorus-and-spleen-preserving-duodenopancreatectomy-for-a-multifocal-neuroendocrine-tumor
#10
Erik Schlöricke, Martin Hoffmann, Peter Kujath, Ganesh M Shetty, Fabian Scheer, Marc O Liedke, Markus Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: In contrast to laparoscopic left pancreatic resection, laparoscopic total duodenopancreatectomy is a procedure that has not been standardized until now. It is not only the complexity that limits such a procedure but also its rare indication. The following article demonstrates the technical aspects of laparoscopic pylorus- and spleen-preserving duodenopancreatectomy. CASE REPORT: The indication for intervention in the underlying case was a patient diagnosed with a multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) I syndrome and a multifocal neuroendocrine tumor (NET) infiltrating the duodenum and the pancreas...
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989392/palliative-endoscopic-therapy-of-esophageal-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Thomas Rabenstein
BACKGROUND: This is a review of endoscopic therapy in the setting of palliative management of patients suffering from esophageal cancer (EC). Unfortunately, many cases of EC present in a stage of disease in which curative therapy is not possible. The maintenance of quality of life includes the ability to swallow and of oral feeding, pain control, and the prevention of bleeding. METHODS: A review of the current literature was performed. RESULTS: Many endoscopic methods are available for the management of dysphagia, of which dilation, endoluminal tumor destruction, stenting, and brachytherapy are the most common...
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989391/definitive-preoperative-and-palliative-radiation-therapy-of-esophageal-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Emmanouil Fokas, Claus Rödel
BACKGROUND: Long-term survival in patients with esophageal cancer remains dismal despite the recent improvements in surgery, the advances in radiotherapy (RT) technology, and the refinement of systemic treatments, including the advent of targeted therapies. Although surgery constitutes the treatment of choice for early-stage disease (stage I), a multimodal approach, including preoperative or definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and perioperative chemotherapy, is commonly pursued in patients with locally advanced disease...
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989390/perioperative-and-palliative-chemotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Angelika Behrens, Christian Ell, Florian Lordick
Perioperative and palliative chemotherapy for esophageal carcinoma has undergone substantial changes in recent years. The implementation of trastuzumab in the treatment of HER2-positive advanced adenocarcinoma is a milestone as it marked the introduction of the first molecularly targeted treatment of gastric cancer. Current studies are investigating whether anti-HER2-directed treatment also proves effective in the perioperative setting. Data from the CROSS study on neoadjuvant radio-/chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin have helped to establish a new standard of care for the treatment of localized esophageal cancer...
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989389/evidence-based-operative-details-in-esophageal-cancer-treatment-surgical-approach-lymphadenectomy-anastomosis
#14
REVIEW
Ralf Metzger, Frank Schütze, Stefan Mönig
BACKGROUND: This review depicts surgical treatment strategies in the management of esophageal cancer under the focus of evidence-based medicine. The main emphasis lies on technical details, i.e. surgical approach, lymphadenectomy, and current techniques of anastomosis. METHODS: The current literature on operative details in esophageal cancer treatment was reviewed. Surgical approaches and different techniques of anastomotic reconstruction utilizing a gastric tube were compared...
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989388/minimally-invasive-techniques-and-hybrid-operations-for-esophageal-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Christoph Wullstein, Hye-Yoen Ro-Papanikolaou, Christoph Klingebiel, Koray Ersahin, Rene Carolus
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is slowly gaining acceptance due to advantages in short-term outcome. While evidence is slowly increasing, the discussion about MIE is still controversial. METHODS: A literature review was performed to compare MIE with open esophagectomy (OE). Current studies are summarized in view of short- and long-term outcome as well as oncological accuracy. RESULTS: The majority of studies show that MIE is associated with a significant reduction of pulmonary complications, blood loss, and shorter length of stay on the intensive care unit...
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989387/surgical-therapy-of-early-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus
#16
REVIEW
Michael Pauthner, Thomas Haist, Markus Mann, Dietmar Lorenz
BACKGROUND: The modern therapy of early esophageal carcinomas (pT1) requires an excellent cooperation between experienced gastroenterologists, pathologists, and esophageal surgeons. While endoscopic resection (ER) is accepted as the standard curative treatment for mucosal esophageal carcinomas, submucosal tumors are regarded as a strict indication for surgery. There is an ongoing discussion about the operative approach and the extent of lymph node dissection in these cases. METHODS: A literature review was performed to evaluate the operative treatment of early esophageal cancer...
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989386/endoscopic-therapy-of-early-carcinoma-of-the-oesophagus
#17
REVIEW
Mate Knabe, Andrea May, Christian Ell
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal cancer is a comparatively rare disease in the Western world. Prognosis is highly dependent on the choice of treatment. Early stages can be treated by endoscopic resection, whereas surgery needs to be performed in the case of advanced carcinomas. Technical progress has enabled high-definition endoscopes and technical add-ons which help the endoscopist in finding fine irregularities in the oesophageal mucosa, though interpretation still remains challenging. METHODS: In this review, we discuss both novel and old diagnostic procedures and their value, as well as the current recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of early oesophageal carcinomas...
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989385/diagnostics-and-early-diagnosis-of-esophageal-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Volker Meves, Angelika Behrens, Jürgen Pohl
In the esophagus two different kinds of primary neoplasias may arise: squamocellular carcinomas (SCC) and esophageal adenocarcinomas (EAC). Although both types of carcinoma are rare diseases, especially the incidence of EAC rose in the last years. The management of esophageal cancer is challenging. There are no specific symptoms of early esophageal cancers. Due to this fact, most of the esophageal cancers are found incidentally, and only 12.5% of esophageal tumors are endoscopically resectable. Gastroscopy is the gold standard for the diagnosis of esophageal cancer...
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989384/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-oesophageal-carcinoma-changes-in-every-respect
#19
Christian Ell, Dietmar Lorenz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557839/the-new-era-of-interferon-free-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c
#20
REVIEW
Philipp Solbach, Heiner Wedemeyer
BACKGROUND: Within the development and approval of several new direct-acting antivirals (DAA) against hepatitis C virus (HCV), a new era of hepatitis C therapy has begun. Even more treatment options are likely to become available during the next 1-2 years. METHODS: A summary of the current phase II and III trials investigating DAA and a review of the recent HCV guidelines was conducted. RESULTS: With the development of new potent DAA and the approval of different DAA combinations, cure rates of HCV infection of >90% are achievable for almost all HCV genotypes and stages of liver disease...
August 2015: Viszeralmedizin
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