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Türk Pediatri Arşivi

Zeynep Canan Özdemir, Özcan Bör, Ener Çağrı Dinleyici, Eylem Kıral
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Osman Yeşilbaş
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Sezen Ugan Atik, Firuze Erbek Alp, Reyhan Dedeoğlu, Aida Koka, Funda Öztunç, Ayşe Güler Eroğlu
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is a rhythm disorder that develops due to genetic reasons in the absence of structural cardiac abnormalities. Ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, cardiac arrest, and death may occur. Two-year-old patient presented to the Emergency Department with sudden cardiac arrest. He had syncope attacks after playing with his brother and he was followed up by the pediatric neurology and cardiology clinics. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed, and he was then transferred to the Intensive Care Unit because of hypotension; dobutamine and norepinephrine treatment was started...
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Ayça Bilge Sönmez, İlter Arifoğlu, Ahmet Yıldırım, Filiz Tütüncüler
Benign transient hyperphosphatasemia is characterized by a significant increase in alkaline phosphatase levels, which is detected incidentally in infancy and children without underlying bone and liver disease. This condition is a biochemical disorder rather than a clinical disorder and resolves within a short duration. Recognition of this entity by pediatricians is important to avoid unnecessary investigations. Here, we report an infant who was diagnosed as having benign transient hyperphosphatasemia based on clinical and laboratory findings who had increased alkaline phosphatase levels during zinc supplementation, with the aim of highlighting benign transient hyperphosphatasemia in infancy and childhood...
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Sakine Işık, Şule Çağlayan Sözmen, Eren Güzeloğlu, Tülay Öztürk, Suna Asilsoy
The diagnosis and management of pulmonary hydatid cyst disease represents an important clinical problem in countries of the world that are endemic to echinococcal infection. Atypical clinical and radiologic findings including multiple cavitary lesions in the lung and pleural effusion may lead to misdiagnosis or delay in diagnosis in these patients. We report a patient who was followed up in our hospital with rashes and, clinical and radiologic findings of necrotizing pneumonia in whom there was no response to broad spectrum antibiotherapy...
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Ahmet Baştürk, Meryem Keçeli, Halil Erbiş, Erdoğan Soyucen, İbrahim Aliosmanoğlu, Ayhan Dinçkan, Aygen Yılmaz, Reha Artan
Liver transplantation were reported in patients with classic maple syrup urine disease in the literature. Branched chain alpha keto acid dehydrogenase activity can be improved in patients after transplant, and a protein-restricted diet is usually not needed. The first patient was a boy aged 2,5 years who presented with frequent ketosis attacks and epileptic seizures, and the second patient was an 11-month-old boy who also presented with frequent ketosis episodes, both despite adherence to diet therapy. Both patients received liver transplantations from live donors...
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Sinan Özçelik, İbrahim Kulaç, Mustafa Yazıcı, Esra Öcal
Aim: Studies on pediatric skin diseases in Turkey are not yet sufficient. It was aimed to characterize the prevalence of skin diseases, age and gender distribution in children living in the Erzincan region. Material and Methods: 10,115 children aged 0-16 years who reached to our outpatient clinic between 01.11.2014 and 30.11.2016 were included in the study. The frequency, age and gender distribution of the skin diseases were examined. The cases were divided into 4 groups; infantile period (0-2 years), preschool period (3-5 years), school period (6-11 years) and adolescence period (12-16 years)...
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Didem Ata Yüzügüllü, Necdet Aytaç, Muhsin Akbaba
Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the socio-demographic characteristics and psychopathologic features of mothers living in Cukurova, Adana and to investigate the effect of these characteristics on exclusive breastfeeding status for the first six months. Material and Methods: This is a cross sectional study. 284 randomly selected women were reached in the study, between November 2015-February 2016. A questionnaire consisting of 27 questions which determine sociodemographic characteristics and brief symptom inventory were applied...
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Lima Diana, Lima Glaucia, Cersosimo Adriana, Figueiredo Israel
Aim: To identify the factors, risks, and mortality associated with unplanned out-of-hospital births. Material and Methods: This observational, retrospective, case-control study was conducted between 2005 and 2013 through a review of medical records from the hospital network of a county of Brazil. Mother-child dyads were divided into in-hospital births and unplanned out-of-hospital births. For hypothesis testing involving quantitative variables, parametric and nonparametric methods (t-test or Mann-Whitney test, respectively) were used as appropriate after ascertaining normality of distribution via the Kolmogorov-Smirnov or Shapiro-Wilk tests...
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Tamay Sertçelik, Fatoş Alkan, Şermin Yalın Sapmaz, Şenol Coşkun, Erhan Eser
Aim: We aimed to evaluate the effects of the severity and symptoms of congenital heart disease and the emotional and behavioral problems of affected children on their quality of life. Material and Methods: The study was performed by interviewing 80 children aged between 6 and 16 years (40 with cyanotic heart disease and 40 with acyanotic disease) and their mothers. A sociodemographic data form, quality of life questionnaire, strength and difficulties questionnaire, and family life and parenting attitudes scale were used in the research...
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Gholamreza Bayazian, Shirin Sayyahfar, Mahdi Safdarian, Farbood Kalantari
Aim: To evaluate the association of the presence and extent of adenoid biofilms and the frequency of upper airway infections in children with upper airway obstruction. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2014 to December 2015 on pediatric patients who were candidates for adenoidectomy due to obstructive sleep apnea. After removal of the adenoid tissue and fixation in 2.5% glutaraldehyde, the samples were sent to the electron microscopy unit...
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Yıldız Perk, Mine Özdil
Respiratory syncytial virus is one of the major causes of respiratory tract infections during infancy with high rates of hospitalization and mortality during the first years of life. It is the most common cause of acute bronchiolitis and viral pneumonia in children below two years of age and second the most common cause of postneonatal infant mortality all around the world following malaria. In addition, the virus has been causally linked to recurrent wheezing and associated with pediatric asthma. The respiratory syncytial virus infections tend to be severe in high risk patients such as patients below six months of age, with prematurity, congenital heart diseases, neuromuscular diseases and immune deficiencies...
June 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Sema Büyükkapu Bay, Rejin Kebudi, Ayça İribaş, Ömer Görgün, Fulya Ağaoğlu, Feryal Gün, Alaettin Çelik, Emin Darendeliler
In children and adolescents with chest pain and dyspnea, pneumonia, pleural effusion, and empyema are the frequent causes in the differential diagnosis. Malignant tumors of the chest wall are rare and most originate from the ribs. In children, the most frequent malignant tumor of the rib is Ewing's sarcoma. Osteosarcomas of the rib are very rare. Osteosarcoma has a predilection for rapidly growing long bones including the femur, tibia and humerus in adolescents. In this paper, we present an adolescent girl who presented with chest pain and dyspnea with osteosarcoma that originated from the rib and extended to the right hemithorax...
March 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Banu Mutlu Özyurt, Özge Sürmeli Onay, Özlem Ersoy
Ichthyosis is a clinical skin cornification disorder characterized by hyperkeratosis. Lamellar ichthyosis is a rare form of ichthyosis (collodion baby), which is autosomal recessive. Diagnostic clinical findings can be confirmed with skin biopsy and genetic analysis. The principles of treatment are moistening the skin, prevention of dehydration, and use of keratolytic agents. Systemic retinoic acid (0.5-1 mg/kg/day) is reported to provide dramatic benefits in the treatment of lamellar ichthyosis and congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma...
March 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Adem Dursun, Ayşe Kaçar Bayram, Nazan Ülgen Tekerek, Başak Nur Akyıldız, Hüseyin Per
Fever and rash associated in a wide clinical spectrum, drug rash with eosiophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome (DRESS) is a potentially life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction. Early diagnosis and treatment and removal of the offending agent can be life-saving. Physicians should be aware of DRESS syndrome, particularly in patients receiving antiepileptic medication and admitted with a symptoms of fever and skin rash. In this study, a girl aged three years who had been under carbamazepine therapy for one month was admitted to our hospital with symptoms of fever and rash and was diagnosed as having DRESS syndrome, is presented to increase awareness of DRESS syndrome among physicians...
March 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Ali Bay, Elif Habibe Aktekin, Fahriye Ekşi, Murat Özcan
Visceral leishmaniasis is an infectious disease that infects and multiplies in macrophages of the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. The most common clinical features are fever, splenomegaly, and anemia. Anemia, leucopenia, and thrombocytopenia are the main hematologic abnormalities commonly seen in visceral leishmaniasis. These findings can be seen in several types of hematologic disorders. The findings are similar to most hematologic disorders and so may make diagnosis problematic. It is difficult to confirm when it is seen except in epidemiologic areas...
March 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Gözde İnci, Serpil Uğur Baysal, Ali Rıza Şişman
Aim: Children are commonly affected by environmental tobacco smoke. The presence of exposure can be deduced from urinary urine kotinine/creatinine ratio and history. The aim of this study was to investigate passive smoking in healthy children between one-month and five year old, and to determine the adverse effects of passive smoking on child health. Material and Methods: Children between one-month and five year old who were regularly monitored for health were included following informed consent given by their parents...
March 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Kenan Barut, Gizem Pamuk, Amra Adrovic, Sezgin Şahin, Aslı Kaplan, Mürüvet Güler, Özgür Kasapçopur
Aim: Familial Mediterranean fever is an inherited condition that is more prevalent in some regions of Turkey. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common chronic arthritis of childhood. There is lack of studies on the frequency of mentioned conditions across different regions of Turkey. We aimed to compare the Familial Mediterranean fever and juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients according to their family origin. Material and Methods: Patients with diagnosis of familial Mediterranean fever and juvenile idiopathic arthritis followed up at the Division of Pediatric Rheumatology were assessed...
March 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
B Dakshayani, Manjula Lakshmanna, R Premalatha
Aim: To determine the predictors of frequent relapses and steroid dependency in children with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome. Material and Methods: All children aged six months to 18 years with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome registered in the nephrology clinic between 2003 and 2015 at a tertiary center who were followed up for at least 1year after onset were included in the study. Results: Two hundred seventy-seven patients with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome who were followed up for at least 1 year from onset of disease were included...
March 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Ayşe Betül Ergül, İkbal Gökçek, Taylan Çelik, Yasemin Altuner Torun
Aim: This study aimed to determine inappropriate antibiotic use in a children's hospital using the point-surveillance method. Material and Methods: One hundred thirteen hospitalized patients were included in the study on the study day. In all patients, data regarding age, sex, antibiotic use, type and dose of antibiotic if used, multiple antibiotic use, presence or absence of consultation with infectious diseases specialist before initiation of antibiotic, form of antibiotic use (empiric, targeted or prophylactic), and reason for antibiotic use were recorded...
March 2018: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
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