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Central-European Journal of Immunology

Katarzyna Grzela, Wioletta Zagórska, Alicja Krejner, Aleksandra Banaszkiewicz, Małgorzata Litwiniuk, Marek Kulus, Tomasz Grzela
Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the key component of asthma treatment. However, it is unclear whether they could control the activity and level of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, which is an important factor in asthma-associated inflammation and airway remodeling. Therefore, the aim of this proof of concept study was to analyze the influence of increased doses of ICS on MMP-9 in exhaled breath condensates (EBC) of patients with allergic asthma exacerbation. Apart from MMP-9, the assessment concerned selected inflammation markers - exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) and cytokines (IL-8 and TNF)...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Marta P Baleva, Snejina Mihaylova, Petja Yankova, Iliana Atanasova, Milena Nikolova-Vlahova, Elissaveta Naumova
INTRODUCTION: Selective IgA deficiency (IgAD) is the most prevalent type of primary immune deficiencies, but partial IgA deficiency is even more common. Addison's disease is a rare condition associated with primary adrenal insufficiency due to infection or autoimmune destruction of the adrenals. The association between IgA deficiency and Addison's disease is very rare. CASE AND LABORATORY DATA: We observed a 22-year-old male patient with marked darkening of the skin, especially on the palms and areolae, jaundice on the skin and sclera, astheno-adynamia, hypotension (80/50 mm Hg), and pain in the right hypochondrium...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Dagmara Bartczak, Łukasz Szymański, Paweł Bodera, Wanda Stankiewicz
AIM OF THE STUDY: Due to their prevalence and negative social effects, cardiovascular diseases belong to a group of civilization diseases. Previous research suggests comorbidity of heart diseases, mood disorders and impaired cognitive functioning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychoneuroimmunological aspects of functioning in patients diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten persons, mean age 48.2 years old, diagnosed with primary hypertension, were studied...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Anna M Ambroziak, Jerzy Szaflik, Jacek P Szaflik, Maciej Ambroziak, Jan Witkiewicz, Piotr Skopiński
The increasing understanding of immune mechanisms changed our perception of the ocular surface, which is now considered a compartment of the common mucosal immune system. It offered the possibility to alter the physiological immune response on the ocular surface and effectively combat inflammation, which impairs stability of the tear film and causes tear hyperosmolarity, causing symptoms of dry eye disease. The paper provides an overview of ocular surface anatomy and physiology, explains the underlying mechanisms of dry eye disease and discusses novel and promising treatment modalities, such as cyclosporine A, biological therapies using autologous serum and various growth factors as well as experimental treatment methods which are currently being investigated...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Katarzyna Romanowska-Próchnicka, Marzena Olesińska, Agnieszka Paradowska-Gorycka, Małgorzata Mańczak, Anna Felis-Giemza, Piotr Wojdasiewicz, Dariusz Szukiewicz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether a difference exists between DAS28 from CRP and DAS28 from ESR in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and secondary Sjögren's syndrome (sSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One group comprised patients with RA and sSS, the control group comprised patients with RA. The inclusion criteria for the RA and sSS group have been specified as follows: presence of at least one symptom of dryness, and also presence of anti-SS-A and anti-SS-B or at least focus score of one in biopsy...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Yun Zhu, Xiaolei Ma, Xiaojun Tang, Bingzhu Hua
INTRODUCTION: Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) have been referred to as "generalized autoimmune epithelitis". Indeed, the pathogenic mechanisms, clinical features, and optimal therapeutic approaches for them are not yet fully defined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out on clinical data obtained from 302 inpatients newly diagnosed with PBC, pSS, or the coexistence of PBC and SS between May 2011 and December 2014...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Andrei M Malutan, Cristina Drugan, Tudor Drugan, Razvan Ciortea, Dan Mihu
AIM OF THE STUDY: Aim of the study was to investigate interleukin (IL)-4 serum levels in patients with advanced endometriosis and whether IL-4 promoter region (-590C/T) genetic polymorphism is involved in genetic susceptibility to endometriosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: IL-4 serum levels and IL-4 -590C/T genetic polymorphism were determined for 80 patients with advanced endometriosis and 85 healthy fertile women using a multiplex cytokine kit, with a Luminex 200 system; high molecular weight genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes, and further analyzed by PCR amplification and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-PFLP)...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Mai Moaaz, Nevine Mohannad
AIM OF THE STUDY: Recent studies demonstrated the association of tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3) (rs2230926) and tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 1 (TRAF1) (rs10818488) with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in different populations. We aimed at determining whether they confer susceptibility to SLE and RA in Egyptian population and if there is any relation to disease activity and auto-antibodies profile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-control study involving 105 individuals with RA, 90 with SLE and 75 healthy controls was performed using TaqMan genotyping assay for two SNPs that showed the best evidence of association in the previous Caucasian studies...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Paweł Wojtan, Michał Mierzejewski, Iwona Osińska, Joanna Domagała-Kulawik
The role of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALf) examination in differential diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases (ILD) was established. Currently, functional polarization into M1 (pro-inflammatory) and M2 (anti-inflammatory) subpopulations is emphasized. The aim of our study was to compare the proportion of M1 and M2 in BALf of patients with different ILD. BALf samples were collected from 75 ILD patients: sarcoidosis (SA, 36), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP, 10), non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP, 8), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF, 6) and other ILD (15)...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Yu Gong, Lin Zou, Dunjin Chen, Wei Chao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) on mitochondrial dysfunction of peritoneal leukocytes during polymicrobial sepsis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Polymicrobial peritonitis, a clinically relevant mouse model of sepsis, was generated by cecum ligation and puncture (CLP) in both male C57BL/6J wild-type (WT) and MyD88 knockout (MyD88(-/-)) mice. Twenty-four hours after surgeries, peritoneal leukocytes were collected and four parameters of mitochondrial function, including total intracellular and mitochondrial ROS burst, mitochondrial membrane depolarization and ATP depletion, were measured by flow cytometry or ATP assay, and then compared...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Pingxia Lu, Yingping Cao, Meihua Wang, Peizheng Zheng, Juan Hou, Chanhong Zhu, Jianda Hu
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is generally acknowledged to be an autoimmune disease, but its etiology remains unknown. The most intensively studied animal model of MS is experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Dendritic cells (DCs), the professional antigen presenting cells (APCs), have gained increasing attention because they connect innate and adaptive immunity. The aim of this study was to determine the role of mature DCs in the pathogenesis of EAE. It was found that the number of mature DCs in the EAE spleen increased compared to the control group (p < 0...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Kadry A Elbakry, Mohamed M Abdelaziz
The effects of artesunate and myrrh on S. mansoni infection and the levels of some Th1 and Th2 cytokines were evaluated in the present study. Six weeks after infection, a group of mice was treated with 4 mg/kg of artesunate and other group was treated with 10 mg/kg of myrrh for 3 successive days. Worm burden was reduced with a percentage of 53.7% and 58.78% after treatment with myrrh and artesunate respectively as well as the levels of IgG antibodies were significantly reduced compared with infected group. No obvious changes were observed in the level of interferon γ after treatment...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Gehan Moubarz, Mohamed A Embaby, Nada M Doleib, Mona M Taha
Diabetic patients are at risk of acquiring infections. Chronic low-grade inflammation is an important factor in the pathogenesis of diabetic complication. Diabetes causes generation of reactive oxygen species that increases oxidative stress, which may play a role in the development of complications as immune-deficiency and bacterial infection. The study aimed to investigate the role of a natural antioxidant, cumin, in the improvement of immune functions in diabetes. Diabetes was achieved by interperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ)...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Marzena Wyganowska-Swiatkowska, Paulina Urbaniak, Anna Szkaradkiewicz, Jerzy Jankun, Malgorzata Kotwicka
Antiseptic rinses have been successfully used in inflammatory states of the gums and oral cavity mucosa. Antibacterial effects of chlorhexidine, essential oils and some herbs are well documented. Reaction of host tissue to these substances has much poorer documentation. The aim of the study was to analyse the influence of chlorhexidine (CHX), essential oil (EO: thymol, 0.064%; eucalyptol, 0.092%; methyl salicylate, 0.060%; menthol, 0.042%) mouth rinses and salvia, chamomile and calendula brews on fibroblast biology in vitro...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
M Nędzi-Góra, J Kostrzewa-Janicka, R Górska
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5114/ceji.2014.45948.].
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Mahdi Ghatreh-Samani, Nafiseh Esmaeili, Masoud Soleimani, Majid Asadi-Samani, Keihan Ghatreh-Samani, Hedayatolah Shirzad
Iron overload in β-thalassemia major occurs mainly due to blood transfusion, an essential treatment for β-thalassemia major patients, which results in oxidative stress. It has been thought that oxidative stress causes elevation of immune system senescent cells. Under this condition, cells normally enhance in aging, which is referred to as premature immunosenescence. Because there is no animal model for immunosenescence, most knowledge on the immunosenescence pattern is based on induction of immunosenescence...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
H Haluk Akar, Turkan Patiroglu, Michael Hershfield, Mirjam van der Burg
Combined immunodeficiencies (CIDs) include a group of inherited monogenic disorders. CIDs are characterized by defective cellular and humoral immunities that lead to severe infections. CIDs can be classified according to immunologic phenotypes as T(-)B(-)NK(-) CID, T(-)B(-)NK(+) CID, T(-)B(+)NK(-) CID and T(-)B(+)NK(+) CID. In a 20-year period, from 1994 to 2014, a total of 40 CID patients were diagnosed at the Pediatric Immunology of Erciyes University Medical Faculty in Kayseri, Turkey. The gender ratio (F/M) was 3/5...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Augusta C Nsonwu-Anyanwu, Mabel A Charles-Davies, Folashade A Bello, Victor O Taiwo, Li Bin, Anthony A Oni
INTRODUCTION: Immune response to genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection is involved in both immunity and pathology. The cytokine profile during infection has been implicated in the disease outcome, either resolution or severe sequelae. Serum cytokines of Chlamydia positive Nigerian women with tubal infertility were assessed to determine their possible relationship with tubal occlusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty age-matched consenting women (100 fertile and 50 with tubal infertility) were recruited based on C...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Mustafa Soyöz, Tülay Kılıçaslan-Ayna, Aslı Özkızılcık-Koçyiğit, Derya Güleç, İbrahim Pirim
AIMS OF THIS STUDY: Aims of this study were to identify class I and class II antibodies in highly sensitized patients by flow cytometry single antigen bead (FC-SAB) assay and to evaluate according to donor HLA type in order to increase their kidney transplantation chance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed 60 hypersensitive patients of 351 individuals, who applied to our laboratory for PRA test in November 2013-December 2014. Flow cytometric PRA screening and single antigen bead commercial kits were used for these analyses...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Asparuh Nikolov, Ivan Tsinlikov, Ivanka Tsinlikova, George Nicoloff, Alexander Blazhev, Antoan Garev
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Arterial hypertension and diabetic vascular complications are connected with an elevated degradation of elastic tissue. This process leads to an increased production of antibodies to collagen type IV (ACIV Abs). In the present investigation we studied whether the serum levels of antibodies (IgG, IgM and IgA) to collagen are related with microvascular complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serum levels of antibodies to collagen type IV (ACIV) IgG, IgM and IgA were measured using an ELISA method in 93 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension (AH) (mean age 61...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
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