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Central-European Journal of Immunology

Marta Barańska, Renata Kroll-Balcerzak, Lidia Gil, Joanna Rupa-Matysek, Mieczysław Komarnicki
The number of patients with hematological malignancies who develop invasive fungal disease (IFD) has increased dramatically in recent decades. This increase is attributed to impairment of the host immune system due to intensive cytotoxic chemotherapies, use of corticosteroids and profound immunosuppression after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Additionally, the increasing prevalence of fungal infections caused by emerging and rare pathogens, IFD of mixed etiology or of atypical localization is observed...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Agnieszka Mroczkowska-Juchkiewicz, Jacek Postępski, Edyta Olesińska, Paulina Krawiec, Elżbieta Pac-Kożuchowska
Polyautoimmunity is defined as the presence of more than one autoimmune disease in a single patient. The exact pathogenic mechanisms responsible for the coexistence of distinct autoimmune diseases within an individual have not been clearly explained. We report a case of a very young girl with the extremely rare co-existence of four distinct autoimmune diseases i.e. juvenile idiopathic arthritis, type 1 diabetes mellitus, coeliac disease and autoimmune hepatitis, recognized based on validated international classification criteria...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Agata Wawrzyniak, Agnieszka Lipińska-Opałka, Robert Zdanowski, Sławomir Lewicki, Piotr Murawski, Bolesław Kalicki
Due to the increased incidence of allergic diseases and emerging effects of unsatisfactory control of asthma, new mechanisms for supervising the immune system should be searched. The aim of the study was to analyze the percentage of CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, CD16/56, NKT, CD3 anti-HLADR3 and Foxp3 regulatory lymphocytes in patients with asthma. Additionally the correlation between immune parameters, severity of asthma and serum concentration of vitamin D was performed. 25 children diagnosed with asthma were enrolled...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Li Qian, Wenjun Wang, Yan Zhou, Jianxin Ma
Developed chronic hepatitis B (CHB) causes death in approximately one million patients every year. Therefore, natural drugs with high therapeutic efficacy and minimal side effects must be developed for CHB treatment. This study aimed to relate the therapeutic effects of glutathione on CHB. A total of 104 CHB patients were randomly divided into two groups: the control group, which received an intravenous drip of 0.4 g of inosine injection with 250 ml of 5% glucose once a day for eight weeks, and the treatment group, which received an intravenous drip of 1200 mg of glutathione on the basis of the treatment of the control group...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Han Ouyang, Li Xiang, Jianchang Chen, Weiting Xu, Yang Jiao, Huaying Shen
INTRODUCTION: Viral myocarditis (VMC) has become an increasingly common heart disease that endangers human health. In the present study, the plasma interleukin-35 (IL-35) level and the percentage of CD4(+)EBI3(+) T cells in VMC patients were detected to investigate the significance of changes in these parameters in the plasma of VMC patients and their association with the disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ELISA was performed to detect the plasma IL-35 level and the percentage of peripheral blood CD4(+)EBI3(+) T cells in 40 VMC patients and in 20 healthy individuals...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Justyna Gornowicz-Porowska, Agnieszka Seraszek-Jaros, Monika Bowszyc-Dmochowska, Elżbieta Kaczmarek, Paweł Pietkiewicz, Paweł Bartkiewicz, Marian Dmochowski
Recent studies postulated the association between bullous pemphigoid (BP) and neurodegenerative disorders (ND). The autoantibodies to BP180 and/or BP230 may be present not only in BP, but also in ND as neuronal isoforms of these proteins are identified in the central nervous system. However, there are only scant data about the precise pathogenetic mechanisms interlinking ND and BP as well as the immunologic profile in these patients. The aim is to analyze the serological immunopathological profiles (anti-BP180 IgG, anti-BP230 IgG) in BP patients with and without ND in order to identify the specific autoantibody(ies) and corresponding antigens responsible for ND development in BP patients...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Ayşegül Uǧur Kurtoǧllu, Belkls Koçtekin, Erdal Kurtoǧlu, Mustafa Yildiz, Selen Bozkurt
AIM OF THE STUDY: β-thalassaemia (β-Thal) is considered a severe, progressive haemolytic anaemia, which needs regular blood transfusions for life expectancy. Complement-mediated erythrocyte destruction can cause both intravascular and extravascular haemolysis. Complement regulatory proteins protect cells from such effects of the complement system. We aimed to perform quantitative analysis of membrane-bound complement regulators, CD55 (decay accelerating factor - DAF), CD35 (complement receptor type 1 - CR1), and CD59 (membrane attack complex inhibitory factor - MACIF) on peripheral red blood cells by flow cytometry...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Ahmet Mentese, Evren Fidan, Ahmet Alver, Selim Demir, Serap Ozer Yaman, Aysegul Sumer, Sami Fidan, Halil Kavgaci, Ibrahim Turan
Cancer is the second leading cause of death and gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer type worldwide. Investigation of autoantibodies in cancer patients has been a popular research area in recent years. The aim of the current study was to investigate carbonic anhydrase I and II (CA I and II) autoantibodies in the plasma of subjects with gastric cancer based on the information and considerations of autoimmune relation of gastric cancer. Anti-CA I and II antibody levels were investigated by ELISA in plasma samples of fifty two patients with gastric cancer and thirty five healthy peers...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Phebe L Abdel-Messeih, Neveen M Nosseir, Osama H Bakhe
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men. The present study was carried out to investigate the radiation response of serum cytokines and oxidative markers to find out if these novel biomarkers have significant applications regarding radiation outcome in prostate cancer patients. Significant elevations of prostatic specific antigen (PSA), asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA) and nitric oxide (NO) were recorded in cancer prostate patients at the time of diagnosis compared to controls...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Gehan T El-Bassyouni, Mariam G Eshak, Ibrahim A H Barakat, Wagdy K B Khalil
OBJECTIVE: In orthopaedics, novel bioactive composites are largely needed to improve the synthetic achievement of the implants. In this work, semiconducting metal oxides such as SiO2, TiO2, and ZrO2 particles (Ps) were used individually and in different ratios to obtain different biphasic composites. The immunotoxicity of these composites was tested to inspect the potential toxicity prior to their use in further medical applications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro mineralisation ability was inspected by soaking the composites in simulated body fluid (SBF)...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Isaura Felcenloben, Edyta Żyromska, Tomasz Piasecki, Joanna Rossowska, Anna Kędzierska, Marcin Nowak, Marcin Żyromski, Anna Chełmońska-Soyta
AIM O THE STUDY: To compare the potential of CD4+CD25- cells, isolated from both healthy rats and rats with CIA (Collagen-Induced Arthritis), for differentiation into regulatory T cells in the presence of all-trans retinoic acid in order to learn more about the activation mechanisms and therapeutic potential of regulatory T cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sorted CD4+CD25- cells were cultured in vitro with/without ATRA, and then the frequency of regulatory T cells and their ability to secrete IL-10 by CD4+ FOXP3+ cells was examined...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Hua Ma, Shujun Guo, Yulan Luo, Yimeng Wang, Helong Wang, Jing He, Jie Tang, Lin Shen, Chuanwang Song
miR-20b is a member of the miR-106a-363 gene cluster, which has been shown to play an important role in a variety of diseases, including cancer, inflammation, and autoimmune diseases. Our previous study indicated that miR-20b has an inhibitory effect on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice, but the exact mechanism is unclear. In this study, we report that the ratio of CD11b+Ly6G+Ly6Clow cells, but not the amount of CD11b+Ly6C+Ly6G- cells, was increased in the lung tissue of asthmatic mice after intranasal instillation with miR-20b mimics, while Th2-type cytokines (interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13) were significantly decreased in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Tae Young Jang, Ah-Yeoun Jung, Tae-Suk Kyung, Dae-Young Kim, Jun-Ha Hwang, Young Hyo Kim
AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to evaluate the anti-allergic effect of luteolin treatment in mice with allergic asthma and rhinitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two BALB/c mice (n = 8 for each group) were used. Mice in group A (nonallergic group) were exposed to saline, while those in Group B (allergic group) were exposed to ovalbumin (OVA) intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection and intranasal (i.n.) challenge. Null treatment group (Group C) received sterile saline (150 μl) i...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Robert Zdanowski, Ewa Skopińska-Różewska, Jacek Wilczak, Anna Borecka, Aneta Lewicka, Sławomir Lewicki
Angiogenesis plays an important role in many physiological processes, among them the formation of tissues and organs during embryogenesis. A lot of medicinal plants exhibit angiomodulatory properties. This creates the need for a thorough check of whether the plant extracts that we would like to give to pregnant women in order to increase their resistance to bacterial or viral infection will have negative effects on angiogenesis, and consequently on fetal development. This paper seeks to investigate the effect of serum of pregnant and nursing Balb/c mice that received aqueous (RKW) or hydro-alcoholic (RKW-A) R...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Sławomir Lewicki, Piotr Orłowski, Małgorzata Krzyżowska, Anna Kiepura, Ewa Skopińska-Różewska, Robert Zdanowski
Rhodiola kirilowii, a member of Crassulaceae family, grows wildly in Asiatic mountains and is also cultivated in some European countries. Its underground parts traditionally are used for enhance physical and mental performance of the body. In our previous papers we reported immuno- and angio-modulatory effects of aqueous and hydro-alcoholic extracts of radix and rhizome of this plant in mice. In the present work we evaluated the effect of Rhodiola kirilowii water- (RKW) or hydro-alcoholic (RKW-A) extracts and epigallocatechin (one of the polyphenols present in these extracts) given to mice, during pregnancy and nursing period, on the number and localization of CD4+ and CD8+ cells in spleens of adult progeny mice...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Holger Budde, Ulrike Berntsch, Joachim Riggert, Tobias J Legler
Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is an important second-line therapy for graft-versus-host disease. A central therapeutic mechanism is the induction of immune tolerance through apoptosis in patient's leukocytes, caused by ex vivo incubation with 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) and subsequent UVA irradiation. We hypothesized that different 8-MOP incubation times and an additional 8-MOP removal step could influence the apoptosis kinetics of leukocytes in general and in particular could lead to different apoptotic levels in the leukocyte subpopulations...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
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2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Beata Tokarz-Deptuła, Magdalena Malinowska, Mateusz Adamiak, Wiesław Deptuła
Coronins are a large family of proteins occurring in many eukaryotes. In mammals, seven coronin genes have been identified, evidencing that coronins 1 to 6 present classic coronin structure, while coronin 7 is a tandem coronin particle, without a spiral domain, although the best characterised coronin, in terms of both structure and function, is the mammalian coronin 1. It has been proven that they are related to regulation of actin dynamics, e.g. as a result of interaction with the complex of proteins Arp2/3...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Kai Zhang, Xuxiu Jing, Guoqiang Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 20-22 nucleotide non-coding RNAs that participate in gene regulation. They bind to 3'-untranslated regions of their mRNA targets, inhibiting the transcripts' translation and/or destabilizing them. Chronic drug abuse induces changes of miRNAs expression in the brain, which is thought to contribute to addictive behaviors. Lots of miRNAs have been identified to play critical roles in the development of drug addiction. Moreover, miRNAs have been shown to play critical roles in a broad array of biologic processes, including regulation of the cell cycle, oncogenic transformation, immune cell regeneration and differentiation, and psychiatry disorders...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Paulina Żelechowska, Justyna Agier, Ewa Brzezińska-Błaszczyk
Nowadays, a number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria strains is increasing. It is a serious clinical problem and poses a threat to the effectiveness of conventional antibiotic therapy. Thus, scientists are constantly seeking new alternatives for treatment of infectious diseases. There are some natural endogenous factors, which possess antimicrobial activities against a large number of microorganisms, including both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, viruses and fungi. These factors are present in all eukaryotic organisms and constitute an essential element of their immune system...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
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