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Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work

Kelly Trowbridge, Lisa Mische Lawson
Using data and research to drive and evaluate clinical decision-making continues to slowly gain prominence across social work settings. This article shares insights and recommendations from a novice social work investigator to encourage other social workers to consider the value of researching while in practice. Practitioners new to research need encouragement and support. This article provides ideas for easing the first steps towards research to avoid potentially discouraging pitfalls.
December 27, 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Lindsey Disney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Rodrigo Flores, Carola Naranjo, Andreas Hein
Through this qualitative, empirical study the authors aim to explore and describe the sources of knowledge that are used to guide intervention practice by social workers in Chile. Particular attention was paid to factors that may facilitate or hinder the use of research-based evidence to guide social interventions design, implementation, and outcome evaluation. In order to explore these issues, 25 semi-structured interviews with social workers from Chilean social service non-profit organizations were conducted...
November 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Ruby A Daniels, David Torres, Cathy Reeser
Despite numerous studies documenting the benefits of music, hospice social workers are often unfamiliar with evidence-based music practices that may improve end of life care. This mixed method study tested an intervention to teach hospice social workers and chaplains (N = 10) an evidence-based music protocol. Participants used the evidence-based practice (EBP) for 30 days, recording 226 journal entries that described observations of 84 patients and their families. There was a significant increase in EBP knowledge (35%)...
November 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Tina Abrefa-Gyan
The objective of the author in this article was to examine possible differences in knowledge and attitudes toward evidence-based practice (EBP) among social workers across geographic regions. A random national sample of 180 NASW members was obtained from mail and Internet groups. MANOVA analysis was performed to determine possible differences in knowledge and attitudes toward EBP among these social workers. Findings suggest that knowledge and attitude toward EBP did not differ among these practitioners. Despite increasing efficacy and widespread knowledge of EBPs, there is little or no empirical evidence to support any differences in attitudes and knowledge of EBP among social workers across geographic regions...
November 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Bharati Sethi
This literature review on the health experiences of visible minority women is based on a critical review of the international English language peer-reviewed publications from 1980 to 2011. The overall goal was to gather understanding of immigrant women's employment and health experiences. The key findings from the review specific to health are: (a) There is variation in definition and meaning of health across cultures; (b) Immigrant visible minority women experience several barriers to accessing healthcare services including discrimination; (c) There is a paradigm clash between Western bio-medical principles and Eastern holistic approach to health...
November 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Mathieu R Despard
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is an important, yet under-utilized strategy to improve social work practice. Nonprofit human service organizations (NPHSOs) are a common social work practice setting through which efforts to promote EBP ought to be better understood. NPHSOs experience capacity limitations, lack of access to research evidence, and funding difficulties which makes adopting, implementing, and sustaining EBP challenging, if not untenable. These challenges are more acute for NPHSOs in practice fields for which little top tier intervention research evidence, dissemination platforms, and funding programs exist...
November 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Debra Mims, Rhondda Waddell
Animal therapy is making strides in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For years, animals have been used with great benefit in the treatment of the aged and the terminally ill. Now animal assisted therapy is benefitting sufferers of PTSD. The results of animal assisted therapy in the treatment of PTSD patients have seen significant results. In one study of the effect of dogs with patients, psychologists noted an 82% reduction in symptoms. One particular case noted that interacting with the dog for as little as one week, enabled a patient to decrease the amount of anxiety and sleep medications by half...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Courtney Wiest-Stevenson, Cindy Lee
Violence has impacted every aspect of daily life. These tragedies have shocked the world. This has resulted in school communities being fractured. Additionally, The National Survey of Children Exposed to Violence found that 60% of the children surveyed have been exposed to some form of trauma, either in or out of school. Traumatology research has shown most people respond to a wide range of traumatic events in similar ways. The common responses include traumatic responses, posttraumatic stress responses, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Felicia Wilson
Genuineness, concern for others, and empathy are characteristics used to describe the professional social worker. To this end, the social worker tirelessly works on behalf of and in collaboration with the client to move them from stagnant life situations into positive life situations. While the fundamental principles of social work are wonderful, the result for some workers is job burnout and/or vicarious trauma. The concepts of job burnout, its antecedents, and manifestations are thoroughly discussed in this article to provide a holistic overview of this phenomenon...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Victoria A Anyikwa
Trauma leads to deleterious effects on individuals and families causing many to seek treatment from social work practitioners across systems of care. Trauma comes in all forms, from community violence to domestic violence, including physical and sexual abuse of children and violence among intimate partners that leaves its victims devastatingly impacted. Women make up the majority of survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) with studies revealing significant associated mental health problems. Social workers are bound to work with survivors of IPV and must be prepared to deliver effective trauma-informed services...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
James D Whitworth
Providing trauma psychoeducation remains a highly popular intervention despite the fact that little remains known about how effective such information provision is for improving participant outcomes. In this article the author outlines recommendations that can be identified from available research on how to provide psychoeducation for trauma recovery. The author also describes suggested content areas and material to include in this psychoeducation, highlighting the importance of conducting trauma psychoeducation in a culturally-sensitive, human-centered, and relationship-focused manner which emphasizes the value of building resiliency in response to trauma...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Richard S Glaesser, Bina R Patel
LGBT adults face unique risk factors such as social isolation, discrimination, and victimization, and occasionally th ey engage in detrimental behaviors like high alcohol and drug use and risky sexual activity that negatively impacts psychological/physical health. These risks can affect their overall health and stress the relationship with an older caregiver/recipient-partner following exposure to acute medical event. The experience of an acute medical event among a LGBT caregiving partner can result in psychological trauma...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Diane Scotland-Coogan, Erin Davis
Physiological symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) manifest as increased arousal and reactivity seen as anger outburst, irritability, reckless behavior with no concern for consequences, hypervigilance, sleep disturbance, and problems with focus (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). In seeking the most beneficial treatment for PTSD, consideration must be given to the anxiety response. Relaxation techniques are shown to help address the physiological manifestations of prolonged stress. The techniques addressed by the authors in this article include mindfulness, deep breathing, yoga, and meditation...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Lisa Rapp
The connection between victimization and later delinquency is well established and most youth involved with the juvenile justice system have at least one if not multiple victimizations in their history. Poly-victimized youth or those presenting with complex trauma require specialized assessment and services to prevent deleterious emotional, physical, and social life consequences. Empirical studies have provided information which can guide practitioners work with these youth and families, yet many of the policies and practices of the juvenile justice system are counter to this model...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Lisa Rapp, Victoria A Anyikwa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Robert Lucio, Tiffany L Nelson
Exposure to traumatic events happens at an alarming rate for children and adolescents in the United States. If left unaddressed, these youth have a high risk of growing up with additional health and mental health problems. In this article the authors review three key aspects of helping youth heal from the symptoms of experiencing a traumatic event; (1) recommended guidelines, (2) specific treatments, and (3) the Trauma-Informed Care Framework. Eleven recommendations from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry are discussed as they relate to effective practices in the treatment of trauma in children and adolescents...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Clive Diaz, Sian Drewery
In this article the authors consider how effective social work has been in terms of evidence-based policies and practice. They consider the role that "evidence" plays in policy making both in the wider context and, in particular, in relation to social work. The authors argue that there are numerous voices in the policy-making process and evidence only plays a minor role in terms of policy development and practice in social work.
July 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Rebecca M Moore, Kathleen H Darby, Michelle E Blake
This exploratory study was embedded in a formative process for the purposes of improving content delivery to an evidence-based practice class, and improving students' performance on a comprehensive exam. A learning and teaching model was utilized by faculty from a three-university collaborative graduate social work program to examine the extent to which course texts and assignments explicitly supported the process, application, and evaluation of evidence-based practices. The model was grounded in a collaborative culture, allowing each faculty to share their collective skills and knowledge across a range of practice settings as they revised the course curriculum...
July 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Jennifer Hankel, Susan Dewey, Nina Martinez
Through this article the authors examine data collected from 126 women seeking services at a transitional housing facility, primarily for women leaving street-based prostitution. Descriptive statistics on the women's ethno-racial identity, numbers of children, and experiences with violence are presented and analyzed to determine correlations and implications for social service providers working with this unique population of women. Nearly half of respondents are women of color, a majority have given birth to at least one child, and more than half are in a non-commercial intimate partnership, with a significant number reporting extensive experiences with violent trauma and abuse...
July 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
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