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Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513239/multicenter-evaluation-of-iv-acyclovir-use-prior-to-during-and-after-a-national-shortage
#1
Milena M McLaughlin, Joseph J Carreno, Spencer E Harpe, Ashley O Jensen, Ben Lomaestro, John S Esterly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504034/a-simulation-of-loading-doses-for-vancomycin-continuous-infusion-regimens-in-intensive-care
#2
Martin Šíma, Karolína Hronová, Jan Hartinger, Ondřej Slanař
BACKGROUND: Delayed achievement of target vancomycin serum concentrations may adversely affect clinical outcomes. The objective of this retrospective study was to compare the prediction accuracy of different body weight descriptors for volume of distribution and to propose an optimal loading dose (LD) for continuous infusion regimens in adults. METHODS: Pharmacokinetic variables were computed using one-compartmental analysis. Simulated LDs of vancomycin were evaluated for each patient...
May 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502192/short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-streptococcus-pyogenes-pneumonia-managed-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#3
Marie Lecronier, Alexandre Elabbadi, Armand Mekontso Dessap, Nicolas de Prost
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502195/increase-of-resistance-to-fluoroquinolone-and-retained-susceptibility-to-macrolides-of-campylobacter-isolates-in-croatia
#4
Paula Šupraha, Mirjana Balen Topić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498019/severe-human-parechovirus-type-3-infection-in-adults-associated-with-gastroenteritis-in-their-children
#5
Satoshi Tanaka, Yosuke Kunishi, Mitsuyasu Ota, Ayaka Ono, Natsuki Kanno, Yuichi Kurakami, Takafumi Yanagibashi, Mao Matsubayashi, Yoshiteru Hao, Keisuke Iwabuchi, Fumihiro Oshita, Koichiro Yoshie, Yoshio Kato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490261/prognostic-factors-associated-with-30-day-in-hospital-mortality-in-coagulase-negative-staphylococcus-bacteraemia-no-impact-of-vancomycin-minimum-inhibitory-concentration
#6
Maxime Hentzien, Christophe Strady, Véronique Vernet-Garnier, Amélie Servettaz, Christophe De Champs, Alain Delmer, Firouzé Bani-Sadr, Yohan N'Guyen
BACKGROUND: The impact of a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of vancomycin ≥2 mg/L on mortality and the potential benefit of new antistaphylococcal treatments in coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) bacteraemia remain unknown. We assessed the impact of vancomycin MIC on 30-day in-hospital mortality and identified factors independently associated with 30-day in-hospital mortality. METHODS: All patients presenting significant CoNS bacteraemia in the university hospital of Reims, between 01 January 2008 and 31 December 2012, were included...
May 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467136/staphylococcus-aureus-versus-streptococci-in-orthopaedic-infections
#7
Antonio Tumminello, Dennis Dominguez, Dan Lebowitz, Placido Bartolone, Michael Betz, Didier Hannouche, Ilker Uçkay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446068/multiplex-pcr-detection-of-cryptosporidium-sp-giardia-lamblia-and-entamoeba-histolytica-directly-from-dried-stool-samples-from-guinea-bissauan-children-with-diarrhoea
#8
Sointu Mero, Juha Kirveskari, Jenni Antikainen, Johan Ursing, Lars Rombo, Poul-Erik Kofoed, Anu Kantele
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, diarrhoea is the most common cause of death for children under five years of age, with Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium and Entamoeba histolytica as the most frequent pathogenic parasites. Traditional microscopy for stool parasites has poor sensitivity and specificity, while new molecular methods may provide more accurate diagnostics. In poor regions with sample storage hampered by uncertain electricity supply, research would benefit from a method capable of analysing dried stools...
April 27, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440101/behind-the-scenes-in-urinalysis-to-report-or-not-to-report
#9
Samuel Azuz, Jan Berg Gertsen, Sofie Skovmand Rasmussen, Christian Salgaard Jensen, Erik Filip Jansåker, David Fuglsang-Damgaard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440099/antibiotic-susceptibility-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-iceland
#10
Anna Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir, Hallgrimur Gudjonsson, Hjordis Hardardottir, Karen Drofn Jonsdottir, Einar Stefan Bjornsson
BACKGROUND: Increasing resistance of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) to antibiotics calls for constant re-evaluation of multidrug regimens that have been used to eradicate the infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current antibiotic susceptibility of H. pylori in an Icelandic cohort. METHODS: Patients referred for gastroscopy were recruited prospectively. Those found to have a positive rapid urease test were included in the study. Susceptibility testing was conducted by the Epsilometer test (E-test) method for ampicillin, clarithromycin, levofloxacin, metronidazole and tetracycline...
April 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399686/prevalence-of-congenital-malaria-in-newborns-of-mothers-co-infected-with-hiv-and-malaria-in-benin-city
#11
Fidelis Ewenitie Eki-Udoko, Ayebo E Sadoh, Michael O Ibadin, Augustine I Omoigberale
BACKGROUND: HIV and Plasmodium falciparum malaria co-infection annually complicates about one million pregnancies in sub-Saharan Africa. Congenital malaria (CM) has deleterious effects on newborns. Little is known about the effect of co-infections on the prevalence of CM in infants born by these women. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of CM in newborns of mothers co-infected with HIV and malaria compared to HIV-negative mothers with malaria in Benin-City. METHODS: Subjects were 162 newborns of mothers co-infected with HIV and malaria...
April 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397596/the-biofirefilmarray-enables-point-of-care-diagnostic-in-neonatal-parechovirus-meningitis
#12
Luis H Llano López, Anna T Reischl, Britta Gröndahl, Andre Kidszun, Frank Kowalzik, Christina Oetzmann von Sochaczewski, Stephan Gehring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391749/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-and-their-children-in-malawi
#13
Sandro Mancinelli, Maria Franca Pirillo, Giuseppe Liotta, Mauro Andreotti, Haswel Jere, Jean-Baptiste Sagno, Roberta Amici, Maria Cristina Marazzi, Stefano Vella, Leonardo Palombi, Marina Giuliano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387146/pinpointing-the-source-of-infection-of-mycobacterium-avium-hominissuis-in-children
#14
Johanna Thegerström
Mycobacterium avium hominissuis is the most important causative agent of chronic nontuberculous lymphadenitis in children. Despite a ubiquitous occurrence of the bacteria in the environment, the disease is a rare entity, and so far no source of infection has been formally identified. The current state of knowledge regarding possible sources of M. avium hominissuis, especially where children are concerned, is summarized here. An analysis of the seasonal variation of M. avium lymphadenitis in children leads to a new hypothesis regarding the probable source of infection of M...
April 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367675/a-small-outbreak-of-serratia-liquefaciens-bacteremia-due-to-use-of-contaminated-saline-infusion-solution-for-myocardial-perfusion-scintigraphy
#15
Alpay Arı, Ali Ilgın Olut, Bengisu Ay, Selma Tosun, Meltem Zencir, Mehmet Umut Çayıröz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355930/use-of-voriconazole-in-non-meningeal-cryptococcosis
#16
Bhagteshwar Singh, Ahmad Lodhi, Cameron Choi, Alec Bonington, Chris Kosmidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335677/comparison-of-anti-pertussis-toxin-elisa-and-agglutination-assays-to-assess-immune-responses-to-pertussis
#17
Pavel Khramtsov, Maria Bochkova, Valeria Timganova, Svetlana Zamorina, Mikhail Rayev
BACKGROUND: The goal of our study was to compare the following two methods of assessment of pertussis post-vaccination immunity: bacterial agglutination test and pertussis toxin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). METHODS: The study was carried out in Perm Region, Russia. We measured pertussis immunity using two serological methods: ELISA of IgG to pertussis toxin (PT) and the agglutination test (AT) among 135 children, in the age range from 2 months to 17 years old...
March 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335659/factors-associated-with-weight-gain-among-adult-patients-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy-in-port-harcourt-nigeria-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Abiola O Olaleye, Golden Owhonda, Olukunle Daramola, Isaac Adejo, Hakeem Olayiwola, Jane I Inyang, Titilope Afolabi, Elizabeth Ohuoba, Joy Oyugboiku, Oladele Olatunya, Omolara Olaleye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316268/hepatitis-b-mother-to-child-transmission-and-infants-immunization-we-have-not-come-to-the-end-of-the-story-yet
#19
Guglielmo Borgia, Alberto Enrico Maraolo, Ivan Gentile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298163/pet-ct-added-to-duke-criteria-facilitates-diagnosis-and-monitoring-of-long-term-suppressive-therapy-of-prosthetic-endocarditis
#20
Pedro Puerta-Alcalde, Guillermo Cuervo, Antonella F Simonetti, Laura Gracia-Sánchez, Daniel Ortiz, Carolina Garcia-Vidal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Infectious Diseases
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