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Infectious Diseases

Wang Ma, Xiang Huo, Minghao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Not all individuals with Influenza like illness (ILI) seek healthcare. Knowing the proportion that do is important to evaluate the actual burden and fatality rate of ILI-relevant diseases, such as seasonal influenza and human infection with avian influenza. A number of studies have investigated the healthcare seeking rate, but the results varied from 0.16 to 0.85. We conducted this analysis for better understanding the healthcare seeking rate for ILI, and providing fundamental data for researchers in relevant fields...
July 15, 2018: Infectious Diseases
María Guembe, Carlos Sánchez-Carrillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Giusi Macaluso, Santina Di Bella, Giuseppa Purpari, Elisabetta Giudice, Francesco Mira, Francesca Gucciardi, Anna Maria Fausta Marino, Carmelo Russo, Maria Angeles Gómez-Morales, Annalisa Guercio
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is one of the most frequent parasitic infections in animals causing reproductive disorders and thus notable economic losses in productivity. Among food animals, pigs along with sheep and goats possess the highest incidence of Toxoplasma gondii cysts in meat, and play a role as a source of human infection. METHODS: The commercial ELISA kit (PrioCHECK® Toxoplasma Ab SR, Prionics Schlieren-Zurich, Switzerland) for the detection of specific antibodies against T...
July 3, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Neta Berlak, Eilon Shany, Shalom Ben-Shimol, Ilana Azulay Chertok, Gil Goldinger, David Greenberg, Rimma Melamed
OBJECTIVE: To compare demographic and clinical features of neonates with late-onset sepsis due to coagulase-negative-staphylococcus with those due to other bacterial pathogens. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based cohort study. Data on infants less than 90 days old diagnosed with late-onset bacterial sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit were reviewed. Univariable and multivariable analysis were performed. RESULTS: Two hundred and sixteen sepsis episodes were identified: coagulase-negative-staphylococcus caused 113 (52...
July 3, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Stina Jordal, Bård Reiakvam Kittang, Pirjo-Riitta Salminen, Geir Egil Eide, Øyvind Kommedal, Øystein Wendelbo, Rune Haaverstad, Haakon Sjursen
BACKGROUND: To investigate epidemiological trends of infective endocarditis (IE) in western Norway a retrospective study was performed. METHODS: Characteristics of 706 IE admissions from 1996 to 2005 and 2006 to 2015 were analysed and compared using the Chi-square test for categorical variables and the t-test for age. Survival was analysed by multiple Cox regression and reported by the hazard ratio (HR). RESULTS: Mean annual incidence rates increased from 4...
June 19, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Massimiliano Lanzafame, Daniela Piacentini, Emanuela Lattuada, Sebastiano Rizzardo, Sheila Chiesi, Sandro Vento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Laurenzia Ferraris, Laura Milazzo, Sara Giordana Rimoldi, Cristina Mazzali, Alberto Barosi, Maria Rita Gismondo, Paolo Vanelli, Alessandro Cialfi, Salvatore Sollima, Massimo Galli, Carlo Antona, Spinello Antinori
OBJECTIVE: Changes in the incidence, clinical features and microbiology of infective endocarditis (IE) observed in a single center in Italy were compared between the period 2003-2010 and 2011-2015. METHODS: All cases of IE, defined as definite or possible according to the modified Duke criteria, observed at the 'L. Sacco' Hospital in Milan, Italy between 2003 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: 366 episodes of IE were identified in 325 patients...
May 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Virginie Zarrouk, Julien Gras, Vincent Dubée, Victoire de Lastours, Amanda Lopes, Véronique Leflon, Wassim Allaham, Pierre Guigui, Bruno Fantin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Arne Nørgaard Eskesen, Margrethe Astrup Belle, Anita Blomfeldt
OBJECTIVES: Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) is a common infection associated with significant short-term mortality. Little is known about long-term prognosis. The aim of this study was to determine one-year all-cause mortality and infection-related mortality and associated predictors. METHODS: Data from 303 consecutive patients with SAB were prospectively collected from March 2011 to February 2014. All patients were followed one year or until death. RESULTS: One-year all-cause- and infection-related mortality were 36...
May 10, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Anna Celotti, Fabrizio Vianello, Andrea Sattin, Giacomo Malipiero, Roberto Faggin, Annamaria Cattelan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Jeongmin Hong, Seung Hyun Lee, Byung-Han Ryu, Min Jae Kim, Kyung-Wook Jo, Yong Pil Chong, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Tae Sun Shim, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sung-Han Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Paschalina Kontou, Maria Papaioannou, Anastasia Dimaki, Zoi Bosmou, Militsa Bitzani, Ioannis Kioumis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Justo Sandino Pérez, Ana Maria Mancilla, Edgar Pérez Barragán, Mario Fernández-Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Jimmy Jörgensen, Fredrik Månsson, Håkan Janson, Ann Cathrine Petersson, Anna C Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can cause endogenously derived infections and be a source of transmission to other people. Neither colonization time of asymptomatic MRSA colonization nor the effect of treatment aiming at MRSA eradication in children has been thoroughly investigated. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-three children <18 years in the mandatory follow-up program for MRSA-carriers in Malmö, Sweden were evaluated...
April 24, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Dafne C Andrade, Igor C Borges, Maiara L Bouzas, Juliana R Oliveira, Helena Käyhty, Olli Ruuskanen, Cristiana Nascimento-Carvalho
BACKGROUND: We studied Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody responses against Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis in young children with acute viral type respiratory infection and analyzed the findings in a multivariate model including age, nasopharyngeal carriage of the tested bacteria and pneumococcal vaccination. METHODS: We included 227 children aged 6-23 months with acute respiratory infection. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were tested for bacterial carriage through detection of messenger RNA (mRNA) transcript with nCounter analysis...
April 24, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Daniel Bengtsson, Martin Westerberg, Susanne Nielsen, Malin Ridell, Bodil Jönsson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified patients infected with Mycobacterium chimaera (M. chimaera) subsequent to cardiac surgery. Water tanks in heater-cooler units (HCUs) used cardiac heart surgery was traced as source. The aim was to investigate occurrence of M. chimaera and other microorganisms in HCUs and evaluate the silver-ion cleaning routine. METHOD: Five HCUs were disinfected with silver-ions and examined for mycobacteria directly (15 min) after the disinfection procedures and later on three occasions (3, 6, 10 weeks)...
April 24, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Nicolas Cortes-Penfield, Nora T Oliver, Andrew Hunter, Maria Rodriguez-Barradas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Infectious Diseases
Yan Song, Li Zhang, Hao Yang, Guangjun Liu, Hongfeng Huang, Jianyong Wu, Jianghua Chen
BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) infections are important complications in renal transplant recipients. METHODS: Cases of NTM diseases post-renal transplantation published in English were identified in the PubMed database. The clinical and laboratory characteristics of these cases were reviewed. RESULTS: One-hundred and fifteen cases of NTM infection in renal transplant recipients in 100 articles were identified. The median time of NTM infection from renal transplantation was 37 months (range, 3 d to 252 months)...
June 2018: Infectious Diseases
Mohsen Aliakbarian, Fariba Tohidinezhad, Saeid Eslami, Kambiz Akhavan-Rezayat
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis is a helminthic infection caused by ingestion of the eggs of the parasitic metacestode of one of four members of the Echinococcus genus. Among them, hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) mimics slow growing liver tumour with subsequent invasion to liver tissues and metastatic dissemination. Liver transplantation (LT) remains as the only treatment option when the lesions exceed the resectability limits. We described the first three cases of HAE who underwent orthotopic LT in Iran...
June 2018: Infectious Diseases
Regina W Hofland, Aik W J Bossink, Stefan Nierkens, Sanne P A Paardekooper, Brigitte T A van den Broek, Jan-Willem J Lammers, Ineke van Haeften, Steven F T Thijsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Infectious Diseases
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