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Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937308/particularities-of-staphylococcus-lugdunensis-in-orthopaedic-infections
#1
Morad Mohamad, Ilker Uçkay, Didier Hannouche, Hermès Miozzari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933243/drug-targets-in-dormant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-can-the-conquest-against-tuberculosis-become-a-reality
#2
Vivek Kumar Gupta, M Madhan Kumar, Dharmendra Singh, Deepa Bisht, Shweta Sharma
Targeting M. tuberculosis (Mtb) in latent form of infection is a major obstacle and big challenge in tuberculosis (TB) eradication by current chemotherapy. A better understanding of the physiology of Mtb and of the metabolic state of the bacillus during the dormancy, is a primary need in finding drug targets against non replicating persistent (NRP) form of the Mtb. Identification of potential drug targets against dormant state of Mtb is critically important to achieve the goal of complete eradication for shortening of anti-TB therapy...
September 21, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914110/evaluation-of-dual-target-specific-real-time-pcr-for-the-detection-of-kingella-kingae-in-a-danish-paediatric-population
#3
Victoria Elizabeth de Knegt, Gitte Qvist Kristiansen, Kristian Schønning
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the relevance of dual target real-time polymerase chain (PCR) assays targeting the rtxA and cpn60 genes of the paediatric pathogen Kingella kingae. We also studied for the first time the clinical and epidemiological features of K. kingae infections in a Danish population. METHOD: Children with K. kingae-positive cultures were identified from 11,477 children and 86 children younger than 16 years old from whom blood cultures and joint fluid cultures were obtained between January 2010 and November 2016...
September 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895764/group-a-streptococcal-brain-abscess-in-children-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Guy Hazan, Eyal Kristal, Michael Gideon, Vadim Tzudikov, Yuval Cavari, Yariv Fruchtman, Shalom Ben-Shimol, Eugene Leibovitz, Isaac Lazar, Rimma Melamed
Brain abscesses caused by group A Streptococcus (GAS) are infrequently encountered in children. We present two cases of brain abscess (one cerebellar and one located in the temporal lobe) due to GAS infection occurring in close temporal proximity in previously healthy young children living in different geographic areas of southern Israel. The relevant literature since 2000, in the context of recent epidemiological data reporting an increase in the incidence of invasive GAS infections, is reviewed.
September 12, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891371/an-observational-retrospective-analysis-evaluating-switching-to-raltegravir-plus-abacavir-lamivudine-in-hiv-1-infected-patients-the-oraswiral-study
#5
Laura Galli, Andrea Poli, Camilla Muccini, Nadia Galizzi, Anna Danise, Vincenzo Spagnuolo, Nicola Gianotti, Elisabetta Carini, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonella Castagna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885079/a-review-of-renal-disease-in-children-with-hiv-infection
#6
Ankur Kumar Jindal, Karalanglin Tiewsoh, Rakesh Kumar Pilania
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. HIV-infected individuals are now surviving for a relatively longer period and this is because of easy accessibility to antiretroviral therapy these days. As a result, chronic disease-related complications are now being recognized more often. Kidney disease in HIV-infected children can vary from glomerular to tubular-interstitial involvement. We searched the database to identify various kidney diseases seen in HIV-infected children...
September 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868962/prevalence-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-causing-urethritis-among-high-risk-heterosexual-male-patients-in-estonia
#7
Stanislav Tjagur, Reet Mändar, Margus Punab
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STI, including Mycoplasma genitalium, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis) among high-risk heterosexual male patients and to clarify their potency to cause complaints and inflammation. METHODS: The study group included 825 men (18.0-49.5 y) consulting andrologist at Tartu University Hospital (Estonia) due to subjectively perceived risk of STI. Patients completed STI risk behaviour questionnaire...
September 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851249/bacterial-pneumonia-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-with-or-without-hiv-co-infection-a-possible-definition-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-associated-pneumonia-apap
#8
Gianluca Cuomo, Giuseppina Brancaccio, Gianfranca Stornaiuolo, Daniela Manno, Giuseppe L Gaeta, Cristina Mussini, Massimo Puoti, Giovanni B Gaeta
Introducion: Bacterial infections frequently complicate liver cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors and clinical impact of bacterial pneumonia in patients with cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bacterial infection prevalence study: consecutive patients with cirrhosis were enroled over a six-month period in 13 Italian centres. Pneumonia and other infections were diagnosed by standard methods. Pneumonia study: cirrhotic patients with pneumonia were enroled for an additional six-month period and HIV-positive patients were included...
August 29, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841082/a-shorter-period-of-therapy-is-associated-with-higher-mortality-in-bloodstream-infections-caused-by-carbapenemase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-a-brazilian-centre
#9
Helena Duani, Carlos Magno Moreira, Leandro Cesar da Silva, Wanessa Trindade Clemente, Roberta Maia de Castro Romanelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838283/exocrine-pancreatic-insufficiency-is-common-in-people-living-with-hiv-on-effective-antiretroviral-therapy
#10
Aylin Yilmaz, Lars Hagberg
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this prospective study was to determine the prevalence of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) in people living with HIV (PLHIV) on suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: PLHIV ≥18 years of age and on ART for >6 months and with HIV RNA <50 copies/mL plasma were included. Faecal elastase-1 measurement was performed on a single stool sample, serum markers of malnutrition were collected, and participants answered a short questionnaire about gastrointestinal symptoms...
August 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838281/utility-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-based-on-cystatin-c-in-patients-receiving-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-including-dolutegravir
#11
Shinichi Hikasa, Kyoko Hideta, Shota Shimabukuro, Satoshi Higasa, Akihiro Sawada, Tazuko Tokugawa, Takeshi Kimura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829231/an-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-with-polybasic-amino-acid-insertion-was-found-in-human-infection-in-southern-china-guangxi-february-2017
#12
Min Chen, Minmei Chen, Yi Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829214/fast-track-consultation-in-the-infectious-diseases-department-of-a-french-university-hospital-evaluation-of-the-service-delivered-to-the-general-practitioner
#13
Nicolas Weiss, Johan Courjon, Christian Pradier, Cécile Caisso, Véronique Mondain, Pierre-Marie Roger, Elisa Demonchy
PURPOSE: Since 2010, the Infectious Diseases (ID) department of the Nice university hospital (France) has implemented a fast track consultation (FTC): it allows General Practitioners (GP) to directly reach an ID specialist through a dedicated phone number for initial advice. Depending on the first observation, a formal consultation can be planned within 48 h. Our aim was to evaluate in a pilot study, the contribution of the FTC regarding the management of patients 28 days after the first phone contact...
August 22, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816081/correlates-of-poor-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-a-tertiary-centre-in-rivers-state
#14
Ezinne C Iwunze, Ibitein N Okeafor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816069/risk-of-nephrotoxicity-among-patients-who-received-vancomycin
#15
Yi-Chia Su, Pei-Chin Lin, Chih-Chien Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812401/management-of-complicated-skin-and-skin-structure-infections-a-call-for-infectious-disease-specialists
#16
Arne Tärnvik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805474/dalbavancin-as-a-cost-effective-antibiotic
#17
Tara Nair, Jennifer Fitzgerald, Bob Ly, Mark R Wallace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789580/a-potential-benefit-from-infectious-disease-specialist-and-stationary-ward-in-rational-antibiotic-therapy-of-complicated-skin-and-skin-structure-infections
#18
Iiro H Jääskeläinen, Lars Hagberg, Tommy Schyman, Asko Järvinen
BACKGROUND: Management practices of complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI) were compared between two areas with similar healthcare structure and low prevalence of antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: The high affinity to public health-care in the Nordic countries enabled population-based approach used in this retrospective study. The study population (n = 460) consisted of all adult residents from Helsinki (Finland) and Gothenburg (Sweden) treated in hospital due to cSSSI during 2008-2011...
August 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776434/pneumonia-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients-no-diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-different-quantitative-tracheal-aspirates-thresholds
#19
J Garnacho-Montero, A Gutiérrez-Pizarraya, I Lopez-García, J C Miranda, V González-Galán, Y Corcia-Palomo, I Alonso-Araujo, L Martín-Villén, J Aznar-Martín, R Amaya-Villar
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of pneumonia in ventilated patients is challenging due to the lack of specific and definitive clinical symptoms, laboratory data or radiological abnormalities. METHODS: Based on quantitative tracheal aspirate (QTA) results, three groups of patients were compared: <10(5) cfu/ml, ≥10(5) cfu/ml and <10(6) cfu/ml, and ≥10(6) cfu/ml. We recorded demographic variables, underlying diseases and severity of illness at ICU admission...
August 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776433/cross-reactive-influenza-specific-antibody-dependent-cellular-cytotoxicity-mediating-antibodies-in-hiv-infected-indian-individuals
#20
Sanketkumar Nehul, Archana Kulkarni, Shailesh Pawar, Sheela Godbole, Manisha Ghate, Madhuri Thakar
BACKGROUND: The influenza-specific antibodies mediating antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) may be important in protection against influenza. However, it is not known whether immunocompromised individuals such as HIV-infected persons who have never been vaccinated with influenza vaccine have such a response. METHODS: The anti-influenza ADCC responses were investigated in plasma samples from 50 HIV positive persons [25 long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs) and 25 progressors] and from 20 HIV-uninfected healthy individuals...
August 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases
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