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Infectious Diseases

Koo Han Yoo, Taesoo Choi, Hyung-Lae Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Gabrielle Dagasso, Joslyn Conley, Elizabeth Parfitt, Kelsey Pasquill, Lisa Steele, Kevin Laupland
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) commonly complicate end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and are the second most common cause of death in these patients. The objective of this study was to define risk factors for development of BSI and its outcome among ESRD patients. METHODS: A retrospective, population-based, matched cohort design was utilized. All adult (18 or older) residents of the western interior of British Columbia with ESRD who had a first BSI between April 2010 and March 2017 were included...
August 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Toshimasa Hayashi, Hiroyuki Tsukagoshi, Tsuyoshi Sekizuka, Daisuke Ishikawa, Michiko Imai, Masahiro Fujita, Makoto Kuroda, Nobuhiro Saruki
Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is an important emerging zoonotic agent. Here, we report two cases of S. suis infection in pig farmers in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. We conducted a high-resolution molecular epidemiologic analysis on the basis of whole-genome sequencing data of each isolate using next-generation sequencing (NGS). NGS analysis revealed that the two S. suis clinical isolates were belonged to serotype 2 ST28. Phylogenetic analysis showed that two isolates were closely related to S. suis strains isolated from pigs in Japan at least until 1995...
August 15, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Stijn Blot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Yue Xiao, Jiangang Zhou, Huajun Zhang, Chao Ding, Ping Shi
OBJECTIVES: Aim to find the epidemiological and aetiological characteristics of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) cases in Yixing. METHODS: All HFMD cases reported in China information for disease control and prevention system in 2011-2017 were analysed. Rectal and throat swab samples were randomly selected and detected by RT-PCR to recognize the pathogenic agent: CoxasckievirusA16 (CA16), Enterovirus 71 (EV71) or other human enterovirus. SPSS 22.0 software packages were used to analyse the epidemiological and aetiological characteristics of the cases and samples...
July 25, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Wang Ma, Xiang Huo, Minghao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Not all individuals with Influenza like illness (ILI) seek healthcare. Knowing the proportion that do is important to evaluate the actual burden and fatality rate of ILI-relevant diseases, such as seasonal influenza and human infection with avian influenza. A number of studies have investigated the healthcare seeking rate, but the results varied from 0.16 to 0.85. We conducted this analysis for better understanding the healthcare seeking rate for ILI, and providing fundamental data for researchers in relevant fields...
July 15, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Giusi Macaluso, Santina Di Bella, Giuseppa Purpari, Elisabetta Giudice, Francesco Mira, Francesca Gucciardi, Anna Maria Fausta Marino, Carmelo Russo, Maria Angeles Gómez-Morales, Annalisa Guercio
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is one of the most frequent parasitic infections in animals causing reproductive disorders and thus notable economic losses in productivity. Among food animals, pigs along with sheep and goats possess the highest incidence of Toxoplasma gondii cysts in meat, and play a role as a source of human infection. METHODS: The commercial ELISA kit (PrioCHECK® Toxoplasma Ab SR, Prionics Schlieren-Zurich, Switzerland) for the detection of specific antibodies against T...
July 3, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Neta Berlak, Eilon Shany, Shalom Ben-Shimol, Ilana Azulay Chertok, Gil Goldinger, David Greenberg, Rimma Melamed
OBJECTIVE: To compare demographic and clinical features of neonates with late-onset sepsis due to coagulase-negative-staphylococcus with those due to other bacterial pathogens. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based cohort study. Data on infants less than 90 days old diagnosed with late-onset bacterial sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit were reviewed. Univariable and multivariable analysis were performed. RESULTS: Two hundred and sixteen sepsis episodes were identified: coagulase-negative-staphylococcus caused 113 (52...
July 3, 2018: Infectious Diseases
María Guembe, Carlos Sánchez-Carrillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
Jeongmin Hong, Seung Hyun Lee, Byung-Han Ryu, Min Jae Kim, Kyung-Wook Jo, Yong Pil Chong, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Tae Sun Shim, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sung-Han Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
Paschalina Kontou, Maria Papaioannou, Anastasia Dimaki, Zoi Bosmou, Militsa Bitzani, Ioannis Kioumis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
Jimmy Jörgensen, Fredrik Månsson, Håkan Janson, Ann Cathrine Petersson, Anna C Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can cause endogenously derived infections and be a source of transmission to other people. Neither colonization time of asymptomatic MRSA colonization nor the effect of treatment aiming at MRSA eradication in children has been thoroughly investigated. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-three children <18 years in the mandatory follow-up program for MRSA-carriers in Malmö, Sweden were evaluated...
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
Dafne C Andrade, Igor C Borges, Maiara L Bouzas, Juliana R Oliveira, Helena Käyhty, Olli Ruuskanen, Cristiana Nascimento-Carvalho
BACKGROUND: We studied Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody responses against Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis in young children with acute viral type respiratory infection and analyzed the findings in a multivariate model including age, nasopharyngeal carriage of the tested bacteria and pneumococcal vaccination. METHODS: We included 227 children aged 6-23 months with acute respiratory infection. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were tested for bacterial carriage through detection of messenger RNA (mRNA) transcript with nCounter analysis...
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
Luciete A Silva, Beatriz Coronato, Jessica Schlackman, Jane W Marsh, Chinelo Ezeonwuka, Andréia C L Fernandes, Victor C Souza, Lirna S da Silva, Elaine F Q de Amorim, Felipe G Naveca, Bernardino C de Albuquerque, Alcirene Amaral, Ana L S Souza, Filipe A Carvalho-Costa, Mustapha M Mustapha, Lee H Harrison, David E Barroso
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe the molecular epidemiology of Neisseria meningitidis invasive disease before the introduction of serogroup C conjugate vaccine in Amazonas State in 2010. METHODS: Meningococcal disease reported cases were investigated in Amazonas State during the period 2000-2010. N. meningitidis isolates (n = 196) recovered from patients were genotyped by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and sequencing of porB, porA, fetA, fHbp and penA...
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
O Olsson, N Winqvist, M Olsson, P Olsson, P Björkman
BACKGROUND/AIM: Treatment of latently infected individuals at increased risk of reactivation is a cornerstone in tuberculosis control. Although asylum seekers without residence permit in Sweden are offered screening for both active tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), treatment for LTBI is often not initiated due to anticipated low rates of treatment completion. We aimed to compare completion rates for LTBI treatment between asylum seekers and other patients, and between asylum seekers with and without residence permit...
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
A Mizrahi, J Amzalag, C Couzigou, G Péan De Ponfilly, B Pilmis, A Le Monnier
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) can potentially be life-threatening infections and are associated with a high crude mortality, moreover with an inappropriate first-line antibiotic therapy. Bacterial resistance is more and more frequently observed. New strategies of BSI management are urgently needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During an 18-months period, we prospectively evaluated the clinical impact of rapid bacterial identification by MALDI-TOF MS technology combined with an antimicrobial stewardship team (AST) intervention...
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
Tanya Strateva, Ivo Sirakov, Svetoslav Dimov, Angelina Trifonova, Encho Savov, Ivan Mitov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
Shinichiro Morioka, Mika Ichikawa, Keita Mori, Hanako Kurai
BACKGROUND: Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are the most common contaminants of blood cultures, however, we sometimes have difficulties in determining their clinical significance. It is still controversial that there is a significant difference between the contamination group and the true bacteraemia group in the time to positivity (TTP) of blood cultures. We validated the relationship between a TTP and the presence of CoNS bacteraemia in cancer patients by using an objective, non-judgmental definition for CoNS contamination...
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
Eunsung You, Sung-Shin Kim, Juyeon Lee, Tae Yang Yu, Jihyun Cho, Jae Hoon Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
Stamatis Karakonstantis, Dimitra Kalemaki
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus bacteriuria (SABU) concomitant to S. aureus bacteremia (SAB) has been associated with deep-seated infections and worse prognosis. However, the relevant studies were small and inconsistent. Here, we aim to provide a review of the relevant literature, and a meta-analysis of these studies. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for studies comparing patients with SAB and concomitant SABU to patients with SAB without SABU. RESULTS: Nine relevant studies were identified, involving 1429 patients with SAB, of whom 18...
September 2018: Infectious Diseases
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