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Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334817/quantiferon-plus-does-not-discriminate-between-active-and-latent-tuberculosis
#1
Regina W Hofland, Aik W J Bossink, Stefan Nierkens, Sanne P A Paardekooper, Brigitte T A van den Broek, Jan-Willem J Lammers, Ineke van Haeften, Steven F T Thijsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323607/efficacy-of-oral-vancomycin-in-primary-prevention-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-elderly-patients-treated-with-systemic-antibiotic-therapy
#2
Neven Papic, Lorna Stemberger Maric, Adriana Vince
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316830/use-of-monte-carlo-simulation-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-tigecycline-and-minocycline-for-the-treatment-of-pneumonia-due-to-carbapenemase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#3
Wentao Ni, Guobao Li, Jin Zhao, Junchang Cui, Rui Wang, Zhancheng Gao, Youning Liu
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia caused by carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-KP) are increasingly encountered in hospitals worldwide, causing high mortality due to lack of treatment options. The goal of this study was to assess the efficacy of tigecycline and minocycline for CP-KP hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) by using Monte Carlo simulation. METHODS: A total of 164 non-duplicated CP-KP strains were collected from sputum or blood in patients with HAP. The MICs for antimicrobials were determined by the agar dilution method...
January 9, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307263/correction-to-mbatha-et%C3%A2-al-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-types-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-young-women-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-implications-for-vaccination
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303041/changes-in-the-microbiological-epidemiology-of-febrile-neutropenia-in-autologous-stem-cell-transplant-recipients
#5
Rosa Rönkkö, Auni Juutilainen, Irma Koivula, Matti Vänskä, Tapio Nousiainen, Esa Jantunen, Sari Hämäläinen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to explore the incidence, microbiological etiology and outcome of febrile neutropenia among adult hematological patients following autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). METHODS: The study population consisted of patients who received ASCT between 1 December 2006 and 30 November 2012. The epidemiology was compared to a retrospective series covering eleven previous years at the same institution. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients, who had been identified as a risk group in the retrospective study, received ciprofloxacin prophylaxis from January 2008...
January 5, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303023/a-multicentre-survey-of-the-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-clinical-bacteroides-species-from-hungary
#6
Károly Péter Sárvári, József Sóki, Katalin Kristóf, Emese Juhász, Cecília Miszti, Krisztina Latkóczy, Szilvia Zsóka Melegh, Edit Urbán
BACKGROUND: The species of the Bacteroides fragilis group are important components of human microbiota, but as opportunistic pathogens they can be the causative agents of severe infections. METHODS: The major aims of our investigation were the evaluation of the susceptibility of 400 different Hungarian B. fragilis group isolates to 10 antibiotics by the agar dilution method, the comparison of our resistance data with previous national and international antibiotic resistance data and the comparison of present data in regional aspect...
January 5, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303020/risk-factors-outcomes-and-genotypes-of-carbapenem-nonsusceptible-klebsiella-pneumoniae-bloodstream-infection-a-three-year-retrospective-study-in-a-large-tertiary-hospital-in-northern-china
#7
Si-Han Zheng, Sheng-Ji Cao, Hui Xu, Dan Feng, Li-Ping Wan, Guang-Jie Wang, Xiao-Guang Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the independent risk factors, outcomes and genotypes associated with carbapenem-non-susceptible K. pneumoniae bloodstream infections (BSIs) in northern China from 2014 to 2016. METHODS: Over a three-year period, a total of 289 K. pneumoniae BSI patients were identified. Medical records were extracted to obtain the clinical information. Polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) were performed to analyse the multilocus sequence typing (MLST) types, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) and metallo-β-lactamases (MBL) genes, for replicon typing of the 10 randomly selected carbapenem-non-susceptible K...
January 5, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275668/comparison-of-diagnostic-performance-of-rapid-and-standard-polymerase-chain-reaction-laboratory-test-for-influenza-and-respiratory-syncytial-virus-detection-in-nasopharyngeal-swabs-from-symptomatic-lung-transplant-recipients
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272955/laribacter-hongkongensis-clinical-presentation-epidemiology-and-treatment-a-review-of-the-literature-and-report-of-the-first-case-in-denmark
#9
Anne Line Engsbro, Karen Leth Nielsen, Mads Hornum, Leif Percival Andersen
BACKGROUND: Laribacter hongkongensis is an emerging pathogen related to gastroenteritis that can cause invasive and even fatal disease. The aim of this review is to describe the clinical presentation, epidemiology, treatment options and implications for the clinical microbiology laboratory. METHODS: We searched Pubmed using the term Laribacter hongkongensis with limitations human and language English, and identified 35 publications with eight reports on human cases...
December 22, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271294/infectious-spondylodiscitis-5-year-analysis-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-portugal
#10
Ana Ponciano, Gonçalo Cruz, Conceição Ventura, Eduardo Rabadão, José Saraiva da Cunha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262754/streptococcus-anginosus-group-bloodstream-infections-in-the-western-interior-of-british-columbia-canada
#11
Kevin B Laupland, Kelsey Pasquill, Elizabeth C Parfitt, Gabrielle Dagasso, Lisa Steele
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of Streptococcus anginosus group (SaG) bloodstream infections (BSI) has not been well defined in non-selected populations. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors and outcome associated with SaG BSI. METHODS: Population-based surveillance was conducted in the western interior region of British Columbia, Canada between 1 April 2010 and 31 March 2017. RESULTS: Forty-six episodes were identified for an overall annual incidence of 3...
December 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262742/efficacy-and-safety-of-voriconazole-in-immunocompromised-patients-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Maria Teresa Rosanova, David Bes, Pedro Serrano Aguilar, Norma Sberna, Roberto Lede
BACKGROUND: Voriconazole is a second-generation triazole. It has excellent bioavailability and broad antifungal spectrum; thus, it is an attractive option for patients at high risk of invasive fungal infections (IFIs). Comparing efficacy and safety of voriconazole with other antifungals in prophylaxis or treatment of IFIs would be useful to draw conclusions regarding prevention and therapeutics of these infections. AIM: To assess efficacy and safety of voriconazole compared with other options as prophylaxis or treatment of IFIs in haematology-oncology patients...
December 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260928/contribution-of-sonicate-fluid-cultures-and-broad-range-pcr-to-microbiological-diagnosis-in-vascular-graft-infections
#13
Barbara Kokosar Ulcar, Nikola Lakic, Samo Jeverica, Blaz Pecavar, Mateja Logar, Tjasa Kisek Cerar, Tatjana Lejko-Zupanc
BACKGROUND: Vascular graft infections (VGI) are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, and antimicrobial treatment is an important adjunct to surgical treatment. While microbial aetiology of VGI is often difficult to determine, other techniques such as sonication of implanted material may be used to enhance the recovery of biofilm-associated organisms. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 22 consecutive patients treated for VGI at University Medical Centre Ljubljana from May 2011 through January 2015...
December 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260605/impact-on-affected-families-and-society-of-severe-rotavirus-infections-in-swedish-children-assessed-in-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Anh Nhi Tran, Magnus Husberg, Rutger Bennet, Maria Brytting, Per Carlsson, Margareta Eriksson, Jann Storsaeter, Barbro Österlin, Kari Johansen
BACKGROUND: Few prospective cohort studies have estimated the overall impact of severe rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) leading to hospitalization on families and society. We assessed human and economic resources needed to care for an affected average child aged <5 years in Sweden. METHODS: The study was conducted in Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital which serves approximately 14% of all Swedish children <5 years of age. All children admitted with acute gastroenteritis in the study period were tested for rotavirus...
December 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251529/infectious-complications-in-patients-on-treatment-with-ruxolitinib-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Maria Veronica Dioverti, Omar M Abu Saleh, Aaron J Tande
BACKGROUND: Primary myelofibrosis is a chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm that may cause debilitating symptoms, which can be improved with the use of Ruxolitinib, a Janus kinase 2 inhibitor. However, this agent has significant immunomodulatory effects which may increase the risk for infections. METHODS: We searched the literature and our institutional electronic medical record for reported cases of infections in adult patients on ruxolitinib treatment. RESULTS: We found 28 cases in our literature search and 4 cases from our Institution for a total of 32 cases...
December 18, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237312/environmental-exposure-and-parental-collection-does-not-affect-detection-or-semi-quantitative-load-assessment-of-bacteria-in-nasal-swab-specimens-from-children
#16
Nada Townsi, Shannon J Simpson, Chisha T Sikazwe, Glenys R Chidlow, Graham L Hall, J Jane Pillow, Andrew C Wilson, David W Smith, Ingrid A Laing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235912/multiplex-one-step-real-time-pcr-detection-for-influenza-viruses-ah1pdm09-ah3-and-b
#17
Mariko Saito, Hiroyuki Tsukagoshi, Yu Takahashi, Nobuhiro Saruki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235394/follow-up-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-spine-infection-details-which-matter-most
#18
Genevieve L McKew, Craig A Buchan, Elizabeth Thompson, Colin Macleod
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228845/correction-to-choi-et-al-diagnostic-usefulness-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-test-qft-git-for-tuberculous-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228825/efficacy-and-nephrotoxicity-associated-with-various-colistin-dosing-schemas-for-the-treatment-of-multidrug-resistant-mdr-infections
#20
Aiman Bandali, Tiffany E Bias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Infectious Diseases
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