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Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422737/stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-a-low-grade-pathogen-with-numerous-virulence-factors
#1
Angelina Trifonova, Tanya Strateva
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an increasingly prevalent opportunistic pathogen responsible for a wide range of nosocomial infections in intensive care unit patients, life-threatening diseases in immunocompromised haematology-oncology patients and chronic pulmonary infections in individuals with cystic fibrosis. Therapy of these infections is problematic due to the remarkable intrinsic antimicrobial resistance of the species and to acquired resistance to multiple antimicrobial agents. As this organism is a low-grade pathogen, the pathogenesis of S...
November 13, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395758/increased-virulence-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-at-pathological-glucose-levels
#2
Prathiksha Prabhakara Alva, Ravi Prasad, Thejaswini Venkatesh, Padmanaban S Suresh, Ramya Premanath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372643/a-significant-percentage-of-patients-with-transrectal-biopsy-related-infections-have-positive-blood-cultures-but-negative-urine-cultures-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Stamatis Karakonstantis, Dimitra Kalemaki
BACKGROUND: Infectious complications after transrectal prostate biopsy are rare. Nevertheless, since these are frequent procedures, the burden of infectious complications is high. Considering the increasing antimicrobial resistance, microbiological confirmation is important to guide antimicrobial therapy. METHODS: We reviewed PubMed for original studies providing concurrent urine and blood culture data in symptomatic patients with transrectal biopsy-related infectious complications...
October 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371137/control-of-legionellae-in-a-new-healthcare-facility-following-implementation-of-a-thermal-control-strategy
#4
Didier Lecointe, Raphaëlle Beauvais, Nelly Breton, Réal Cailleret, Béatrice Pangon
INTRODUCTION: The management of the Legionella risk in hospitals is essentially related to preventive measures of the hot-water supplies. AIM: To monitor the control of legionellae before and after moving to a new hospital facility. METHODS: We implemented a survey program based on the surveillance of the temperature of the hot-water supply and detection and counting of Legionella pneumophila and Legionella spp. by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and culture methods...
October 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371136/frequency-of-cross-resistance-to-rilpivirine-and-etravirine-among-hiv-1-subtype-c-infected-individuals-failing-nevirapine-efavirenz-based-art-regimen
#5
V V Ramalingam, J P Demosthenes, B C Ghale, P Rupali, G M Varghese, O C Abraham, R Kannangai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371131/rotavirus-the-guard-dies-but-it-does-not-surrender
#6
A Tilmanne, P Lepage, O Vandenberg, D Martiny, M Hallin, C Quach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371130/detection-of-galactomannan-content-in-generic-piperacillin-tazobactam-products
#7
Javier Saez de la Fuente, Carolina Campelo-Gutierrez, Elsa Izquierdo-Garcia, Esteban Aznar, Jose Manuel Caro, Alvaro Gimenez-Manzorro, Benito Garcia Diaz, Javier Becares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371127/attitudes-and-knowledge-of-healthcare-workers-on-maternity-and-neonatal-wards-on-measles-disease-and-vaccination-in-the-era-of-the-current-european-epidemic
#8
Despoina Gkentzi, Lamprini Vitsa, Anastasios Spiliopoulos, Gabriel Dimitriou, Ageliki Karatza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371120/diagnostic-utility-of-gene-x-pert-in-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-pleural-effusion
#9
Magd Galal El-Din, Eman Sobh, Zeinab Adawy, Naira Farghaly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371118/validation-of-a-clinical-decision-tree-to-predict-if-a-patient-has-a-bacteraemia-due-to-a-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-organism
#10
Adrian Sousa, María Teresa Pérez-Rodríguez, Milagros Suarez, Nuria Val, Lucia Martínez-Lamas, Andrés Nodar, Manuel Crespo
BACKGROUND: In recent years, several scores and algorithms have been developed in order to guide empirical antibiotic treatment in patients with gram-negative bacilli (GNB) bacteraemia according to the risk of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (BL) producing. Some of these algorithms do not have easy applicability or present some limitations in their validation. The aim of our study was to validate a recently designed decision tree in our prospective cohort of bacteraemia due to gram-negative bacilli...
October 29, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362392/incidence-of-tuberculosis-and-the-need-of-prophylactic-treatment-in-persons-living-with-hiv-in-stockholm-during-the-era-of-anti-retroviral-therapy-1996-2013
#11
Maria Norrby, Carolina Wannheden, Anna Mia Ekström, Ingela Berggren, Lars Lindquist
BACKGROUND: The aim of this observational cohort study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of active tuberculosis (TB) in persons living with HIV in a low endemic setting over a 17-year time period when combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been available. We thereby aimed to understand the usefulness of TB chemoprophylaxis among HIV patients with latent TB. METHODS: All 2127 adult patients diagnosed with HIV January 1996-December 2013 at the Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm County were eligible...
October 26, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325676/impact-on-mortality-of-adherence-to-evidence-based-interventions-in-patients-with-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-due-to-methicillin-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus
#12
Alejandra Morales-Cartagena, Mario Fernández-Ruiz, Antonio Lalueza, Jaime Lora-Tamayo, Rafael San Juan, Francisco López-Medrano, Julia Origüen, Fernando Chaves, José María Aguado
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated improved survival when the management of Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection (BSI) is compliant with evidence-based therapeutic interventions. Whether this effect extends to low-risk sources, such as catheter-related BSI, remains unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively included 225 episodes of methicillin-sensitive S. aureus catheter-related BSI diagnosed in our centre during two non-consecutive periods: 2002-2004 (first period (101 episodes)) and 2009-2013 (second period (124 episodes))...
October 16, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318980/high-mortality-in-peritonitis-due-to-mycobacterium-avium-complex-retrospective-study-and-systematic-literature-review
#13
Aurélie Baldolli, Claire Daurel, Renaud Verdon, Arnaud de La Blanchardière
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection is often disseminated and mainly involves lymph nodes, spleen, liver or bone marrow. Peritonitis due to MAC infection (PMAC) is a very uncommon manifestation. METHODS: In this report, after describing the case of the only PMAC infection in our 10-year retrospective study, which occurred in an AIDS patient who was non-adherent to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), we performed a systematic literature review of documented bacteriological PMAC...
October 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318968/probable-female-to-male-sexual-transmission-of-dengue-virus-infection
#14
Changhwan Lee, Hyungmin Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318959/dilemma-in-identifying-chryseobacterium-species
#15
G R Rahim, Neha Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317907/dolutegravir-monotherapy-an-option-for-highly-adherent-hiv1-infected-naive-patients-with-relatively-low-zenith-hiv-rna
#16
Massimiliano Lanzafame, Sebastiano Rizzardo, Daniela Piacentini, Emanuela Lattuada, Sheila Chiesi, Sandro Vento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317906/emergence-of-vim-2-producing-citrobacter-freundii-in-japan
#17
Sayaka Ando, Ryuichi Nakano, Tomokazu Kuchibiro, Katsutoshi Yamasaki, Yuki Suzuki, Akiyo Nakano, Tomoki Mizuno, Kei Kasahara, Hisakazu Yano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317905/limited-anti-hiv-neutralizing-antibody-breadth-and-potency-before-and-after-hiv-superinfection-in-danish-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Andrew D Redd, Marie Helleberg, Matthew Sievers, Stephen D Schmidt, Nicole A Doria-Rose, Daniel Bruno, Shelby Traeger, Craig Martens, Jannik Fonager, Gitte Kronborg, Zoe Packman, John R Mascola, Stephen F Porcella, Jan Gerstoft, Thomas C Quinn
BACKGROUND: The role of the anti-HIV neutralizing antibody response in protecting against HIV superinfection, and changes in neutralizing antibody potency and breadth after HIV superinfection have not been fully elucidated. This study examined the rate of HIV superinfection in men who have sex with men (MSM) also diagnosed with syphilis in Denmark, and the anti-HIV neutralizing antibody response in men who became superinfected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MSM enrolled in the Danish HIV cohort who acquired syphilis were examined longitudinally for HIV superinfection using a validated next-generation sequencing assay...
October 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317904/infectious-complications-following-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-what-additional-diagnostic-value-do-blood-cultures-provide
#19
Vichitra Sukumaran, Matthew J Roberts, Patrick N A Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317901/tattooing-trend-major-cause-of-hcv-transmission-among-youngsters
#20
Braira Wahid, Komal Saleem, Nouman Rasool, Shazia Rafique, Amjad Ali, Muhammad Waqar, Muhammad Idrees
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases
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