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Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644692/hyperbaric-oxygen-may-only-be-optional-in-head-and-neck-necrotizing-fasciitis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-43-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Jens Faunø Thrane, Arunas Pikelis, Therese Ovesen
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis in the head and neck (NF-HN) is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition. The use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in the acute regimen is disputed and there is a lack of evidence of therapeutic effect. This study aims to describe a retrospective cohort of patients with NF-HN and investigate the use of HBOT and consequences thereof. METHODS: All patients treated for NF-HN at Aarhus University Hospital (AUH) between 2002 and 2014 were included in this retrospective cohort...
June 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632072/maternal-obesity-obstetric-interventions-and-post-partum-anaemia-increase-the-risk-of-post-partum-sepsis-a-population-based-cohort-study-based-on-swedish-medical-health-registers
#2
Daniel Axelsson, Marie Blomberg
BACKGROUND: The objective was to estimate whether maternal obesity and/or obstetric interventions are associated with diagnosed maternal post-partum sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study including all deliveries in Sweden between 1997 and 2012 (N = 1,558,752). Cases of sepsis (n = 376) were identified by International Classification of Diseases, (ICD-10) codes A40, A41 and O 85 in the Medical Birth Register and the National Patient Register...
June 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631944/clinical-significance-of-repeat-blood-cultures-during-febrile-neutropenia-in-adult-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-patients-undergoing-intensive-chemotherapy
#3
Shun-Ichi Kimura, Ayumi Gomyo, Jin Hayakawa, Masaharu Tamaki, Yu Akahoshi, Naonori Harada, Tomotaka Ugai, Machiko Kusuda, Kazuaki Kameda, Hidenori Wada, Yuko Ishihara, Koji Kawamura, Kana Sakamoto, Miki Sato, Kiriko Terasako-Saito, Misato Kikuchi, Hideki Nakasone, Shinichi Kako, Aki Tanihara, Yoshinobu Kanda
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the clinical significance of repeat blood cultures in persistent and recurrent fever during neutropenia in adult acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the chemotherapy cycles at our centre between January 2007 and December 2015. Blood cultures obtained within three days after initial febrile neutropenia (FN) were defined as initial blood cultures and those obtained on or after day 4 were defined as repeat blood cultures...
June 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631943/evaluation-of-the-genotype-mtbdrsl-test-for-detection-of-second-line-drug-resistance-in-drug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains-in-myanmar
#4
Wint Wint Nyunt, Si Thu Aung, Gregory M Cook, Htin Lin Aung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618894/pneumonic-tularaemia-experience-of-58-cases-from-2000-to-2012-in-northern-finland
#5
Sara A Väyrynen, Elina Saarela, Janne Henry, Sini Lahti, Terttu Harju, Heikki Kauma
BACKGROUND: Pneumonic tularaemia is less common clinical form of tularaemia compared with the ulceroglandular form, with only a limited number of case reports and case series in Europe. In Finland, Northern Ostrobothnia is an endemic area of tularaemia with occasional seasonal outbreaks. METHODS: In our study, a consecutive series of 58 pneumonic tularaemia cases diagnosed and treated in Oulu University Hospital in 2000-2012 were retrospectively analysed in terms of epidemiology, clinical course, and prognosis...
June 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617147/therapy-for-wound-infections-after-earthquakes-requires-inclusion-of-drugs-targeting-gram-negative-bacteria
#6
Muhammed Bekçibaşı, Salih Hoşoğlu, Özcan Deveci, Saim Dayan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597722/foodborne-botulism-in-the-faroe-islands-in-atwo-decade-period
#7
Anirban Nandy, Høgni Djurhuus, Shahin Gaini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574298/valuable-contribution-of-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-differentiation-of-brain-abscess-from-glioma
#8
Marta De Simone, Barbara Brogna, Giovanni Sessa, Giovanni Oliva, Bruno Guida, Maurizio Magliulo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574295/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-and-pre-testing-awareness-of-hepatitis-c-status-in-1500-consecutive-pwid-participants-at-the-stockholm-needle-exchange-program
#9
Martin Kåberg, Anders Hammarberg, Christer Lidman, Ola Weiland
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are the driving force of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic. Still, treatment is scarcely offered and the awareness of HCV status in PWID is poor. Prevention includes clean needles, syringes and other paraphernalia. HCV awareness was investigated in 1500 PWID in a needle exchange program (NEP) in Stockholm, Sweden, together with HCV prevalence, and time to HCV infection after start of injection drug use. METHODS: 1500 PWID in the Stockholm NEP were consecutively enrolled...
June 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562137/correction-to-mbatha-et-al-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-types-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-young-women-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-implications-for-vaccination
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535728/a-review-of-eight-cases-of-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-secondary-to-sphenoid-sinusitis-including-a12-year-old-girl-at-the-present-department
#11
Yun-Hu Wang, Po-Yen Chen, Pei-Ju Ting, Fang-Liang Huang
Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a severe disease which can result from infection of any of the tissues drained by the cavernous sinus. We here review eight cases, including a 12-year-old girl, all secondary to sphenoid sinusitis. The clinical manifestations, laboratory data, imaging findings, pathogens, medications, surgical treatment and clinical outcomes were analyzed. All eight patients had headache and five of them fever. All cases were associated with one or more ophthalmic symptoms. In four cases, computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging showed isolated sphenoid sinusitis...
May 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535727/differential-carriage-of-virulence-associated-loci-in-the-new-zealand-rangipo-outbreak-strain-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#12
Sanjay S Gautam, Micheál Mac Aogáin, James E Bower, Indira Basu, Ronan F O'Toole
BACKGROUND: The Rangipo strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis achieved notoriety in New Zealand due to its role in several tuberculosis (TB) outbreaks. Why this strain should be the source of relatively large clusters of the disease is unknown. In this work, we performed an in-depth analysis of the genome of the Rangipo strain to determine whether it offers clues to understanding its prevalence. METHODS: Next-generation sequencing was performed on nine isolates which matched the Rangipo genotypic profile...
May 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535702/diabetes-increases-the-risk-of-disease-and-death-due-to-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-a-matched-case-control-and-cohort-study
#13
Marie-Louise Uhre Hansen, Nanja Gotland, Niels Mejer, Andreas Petersen, Anders R Larsen, Thomas Benfield
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect and influence of diabetes severity on susceptibility and 30-day mortality of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB). METHODS: Nationwide population-based study of individuals with SAB and matched population controls. Diabetes severity was categorized based on International Classification of Diseases codes and the odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) of SAB associated with diabetes was estimated by conditional logistic regression analysis...
May 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535699/a-detection-dog-for-paediatric-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-escherichia-coli
#14
Anni Koskinen, Heli Koskinen, Leif Bäck, Harri Saxen, Tuomas Klockars
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513239/multicenter-evaluation-of-iv-acyclovir-use-prior-to-during-and-after-a-national-shortage
#15
Milena M McLaughlin, Joseph J Carreno, Spencer E Harpe, Ashley O Jensen, Ben Lomaestro, John S Esterly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504034/a-simulation-of-loading-doses-for-vancomycin-continuous-infusion-regimens-in-intensive-care
#16
Martin Šíma, Karolína Hronová, Jan Hartinger, Ondřej Slanař
BACKGROUND: Delayed achievement of target vancomycin serum concentrations may adversely affect clinical outcomes. The objective of this retrospective study was to compare the prediction accuracy of different body weight descriptors for volume of distribution and to propose an optimal loading dose (LD) for continuous infusion regimens in adults. METHODS: Pharmacokinetic variables were computed using one-compartmental analysis. Simulated LDs of vancomycin were evaluated for each patient...
May 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502192/short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-streptococcus-pyogenes-pneumonia-managed-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#17
Marie Lecronier, Alexandre Elabbadi, Armand Mekontso Dessap, Nicolas de Prost
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502195/increase-of-resistance-to-fluoroquinolone-and-retained-susceptibility-to-macrolides-of-campylobacter-isolates-in-croatia
#18
Paula Šupraha, Mirjana Balen Topić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498019/severe-human-parechovirus-type-3-infection-in-adults-associated-with-gastroenteritis-in-their-children
#19
Satoshi Tanaka, Yosuke Kunishi, Mitsuyasu Ota, Ayaka Ono, Natsuki Kanno, Yuichi Kurakami, Takafumi Yanagibashi, Mao Matsubayashi, Yoshiteru Hao, Keisuke Iwabuchi, Fumihiro Oshita, Koichiro Yoshie, Yoshio Kato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467136/staphylococcus-aureus-versus-streptococci-in-orthopaedic-infections
#20
Antonio Tumminello, Dennis Dominguez, Dan Lebowitz, Placido Bartolone, Michael Betz, Didier Hannouche, Ilker Uçkay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Infectious Diseases
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