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Frontiers in Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523268/the-sedative-effect-of-propranolol-on-critically-ill-patients-a-case-series
#1
Junji Shiotsuka, Andrew Steel, James Downar
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have examined the effectiveness of alpha-2 adrenergic agonists for controlling delirium and agitation. Propranolol, a non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist with good penetration of the blood-brain barrier, has not been investigated for this purpose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients who were prescribed propranolol in our Medical Surgical ICU from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2013...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516086/can-synovial-pathobiology-integrate-with-current-clinical-and-imaging-prediction-models-to-achieve-personalized-health-care-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
REVIEW
Frances Claire Humby, Farida Al Balushi, Gloria Lliso, Alberto Cauli, Costantino Pitzalis
Although great progress has been made in the past decade toward understanding the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), clinicians remain some distance from a goal of personalized health care. The capacity to diagnose RA early, predict prognosis, and moreover predict response to biologic therapies has been a research focus for many years. How currently available clinical prediction models can facilitate such goals is reviewed in this article. In addition, the role of current imaging techniques in this regard is also discussed...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512632/understanding-interleukin-33-and-its-roles-in-eosinophil-development
#3
REVIEW
Laura K Johnston, Paul J Bryce
Over the last decade, significant interest in the contribution of three "epithelial-derived cytokines," such as thymic stromal lymphopoietin, interleukin 25, and interleukin 33 (IL-33), has developed. These cytokines have been strongly linked to the early events that occur during allergen exposures and how they contribute to the subsequent type 2 immune response. Of these three cytokines, IL-33 has proven particularly interesting because of the strong associations found between both it and its receptor, ST2, in several genome-wide association studies of allergic diseases...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512631/genetic-alterations-in-gastric-cancer-associated-with-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#4
REVIEW
Claudia I Rivas-Ortiz, Yolanda Lopez-Vidal, Luis Jose Rene Arredondo-Hernandez, Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas
Gastric cancer is a world health problem and depicts the fourth leading mortality cause from malignancy in Mexico. Causation of gastric cancer is not only due to the combined effects of environmental factors and genetic variants. Recent molecular studies have transgressed a number of genes involved in gastric carcinogenesis. The aim of this review is to understand the recent basics of gene expression in the development of the process of gastric carcinogenesis. Genetic variants, polymorphisms, desoxyribonucleic acid methylation, and genes involved in mediating inflammation have been associated with the development of gastric carcinogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507988/comparative-therapeutic-efficacy-of-153-sm-edtmp-and-177-lu-edtmp-for-bone-pain-palliation-in-patients-with-skeletal-metastases-patients-pain-score-analysis-and-personalized-dosimetry
#5
Sarika Sharma, Baljinder Singh, Ashwani Koul, Bhagwant Rai Mittal
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to compare the therapeutic efficacy of (153)Sm-EDTMP and (177)Lu-EDTMP in pain palliation in cancer patients with skeletal metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients (25 M:5 F, mean age: 66.0 ± 14.7 years) of breast/prostate cancer with documented skeletal metastases were recruited prospectively. Twenty patients were considered randomly for treatment with (153)Sm-EDTMP and with (177)Lu-EDTMP in 10 patients, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497037/timeliness-of-operating-room-case-planning-and-time-utilization-influence-of-first-and-to-follow-cases
#6
Claudius Balzer, David Raackow, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Steffen Flessa, Konrad Meissner
Resource and cost constraints in hospitals demand thorough planning of operating room schedules. Ideally, exact start times and durations are known in advance for each case. However, aside from the first case's start, most factors are hard to predict. While the role of the start of the first case for optimal room utilization has been shown before, data for to-follow cases are lacking. The present study therefore aimed to analyze all elective surgery cases of a university hospital within 1 year in search of visible patterns...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487855/liver-abscess-caused-by-pannonibacter-phragmitetus-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Mingxi Wang, Xia Zhang, Tao Jiang, Shaohua Hu, Zhengjun Yi, Yajun Zhou, Desong Ming, Shicheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Bacterial hepatic abscess is a common occurrence in developing countries, which is mostly caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. Pannonibacter phragmitetus is a Gram-negative alkali-tolerant bacillus that exists in the natural environment. Human infection by this bacterium is rare, with only four cases reported. METHOD: We presented one of these cases with a bacterial liver abscess by a polymicrobial infection involving P. phragmitetus and Streptococcus oralis, with P...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484700/the-effectiveness-of-physiotherapy-and-complementary-therapies-on-voice-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
Ricardo Cardoso, Rute F Meneses, José Lumini-Oliveira
The treatment of voice disorders includes physiotherapy and complementary therapies. However, research to support these treatments is scarce. OBJECTIVE: to verify the effectiveness of physiotherapy and complementary therapies on voice disorders. Research on electronic databases PubMed/Medline, SciELO, and LILACS was performed using the combination: voice AND (treatment OR intervention) according to PRISMA guidelines. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in the review...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484699/cytology-of-primary-salivary-gland-type-tumors-of-the-lower-respiratory-tract-report-of-15-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Chiara Saglietti, Marco Volante, Stefano La Rosa, Igor Letovanec, Marc Pusztaszeri, Gaia Gatti, Massimo Bongiovanni
Primary pulmonary salivary gland-type tumors are rare neoplasms arising from the seromucinous submucosal glands of the lower respiratory tract (LRT), the most common of which are mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) and adenoid cystic carcinoma. They are morphologically indistinguishable from their salivary gland counterpart and recognizing them is a challenge, especially on cytological specimens. We analyzed 15 cases of histologically proven primary salivary gland tumors of the LRT to identify cytomorphological features and define potential diagnostic clues that might assist cytopathologists in the preoperative diagnosis of these neoplasias...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484698/call-for-an-evidence-based-consensus-on-outcome-reporting-in-tinnitus-intervention-studies
#10
Alain Londero, Deborah A Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447032/risk-of-sleepiness-related-accidents-in-switzerland-results-of-an-online-sleep-apnea-risk-questionnaire-and-awareness-campaigns
#11
Mona Lichtblau, Daniel Bratton, Philippe Giroud, Thomas Weiler, Konrad E Bloch, Thomas Brack
OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with major morbidity and mortality but OSAS is frequently under recognized. To promote awareness of OSAS, the Swiss Lung League launched an online questionnaire combined with annual advertisements in mass media. Characteristics of participants, prevalence of sleep apnea, OSAS-related symptoms, and their association with accidents were investigated. METHODS: A questionnaire was created incorporating anthropometrics, the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), the OSAS domain of the sleep disorders questionnaire (SDQ), and a question on accidents related to sleepiness...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443283/vascular-access-site-for-renal-replacement-therapy-in-acute-kidney-injury-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-atn-study
#12
Yue-Harn Ng, Kavitha Ganta, Herbert Davis, V Shane Pankratz, Mark Unruh
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the intensive care unit portends a poor prognosis. The decisions regarding dialysis catheter placement is based mainly on physician discretion with little evidence to support the choice of dialysis catheter location. METHODS: The Veterans Affairs/National Institutes of Health Acute Renal Failure Trial Network Study was a multicenter, prospective, randomized trial of intensive vs. less intensive RRT in critically ill patients with AKI...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443282/imprecision-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Raghav Sundar, Maxime Chénard-Poirier, Dearbhaile Catherine Collins, Timothy A Yap
Over the past decade, major advances have been made in the management of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). There has been a particular focus on the identification and targeting of putative driver aberrations, which has propelled NSCLC to the forefront of precision medicine. Several novel molecularly targeted agents have now achieved regulatory approval, while many others are currently in late-phase clinical trial testing. These antitumor therapies have significantly impacted the clinical outcomes of advanced NSCLC and provided patients with much hope for the future...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428955/commentary-a-breathing-based-meditation-intervention-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-following-inadequate-response-to-antidepressants-a-randomized-pilot-study
#14
COMMENT
Skye McKennon, Sarah Elizabeth Levitt, Grzegorz Bulaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424775/second-line-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-focus-on-the-clinical-development-of-dacomitinib
#15
REVIEW
Jon Zugazagoitia, Asunción Díaz, Elisabeth Jimenez, Juan Antonio Nuñez, Lara Iglesias, Santiago Ponce-Aix, Luis Paz-Ares
Dacomitinib is a second-generation, irreversible, covalent pan-HER tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (TKI). It showed potent EGFR signaling inhibition in experimental models, including first-generation TKI-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. This preclinical efficacy did not translate into clinically meaningful treatment benefits for advanced, pretreated, molecularly unselected NSCLC patients enrolled in two parallel phase III trials. Dacomitinib and erlotinib showed overlapping efficacy data in chemotherapy-pretreated EGFR wild-type (WT) patients in the ARCHER 1009 trial...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424774/cardiac-radionuclide-imaging-in-rodents-a-review-of-methods-results-and-factors-at-play
#16
Francesco Cicone, David Viertl, Ana Maria Quintela Pousa, Thibaut Denoël, Silvano Gnesin, Francesco Scopinaro, Marie-Catherine Vozenin, John O Prior
The interest around small-animal cardiac radionuclide imaging is growing as rodent models can be manipulated to allow the simulation of human diseases. In addition to new radiopharmaceuticals testing, often researchers apply well-established probes to animal models, to follow the evolution of the target disease. This reverse translation of standard radiopharmaceuticals to rodent models is complicated by technical shortcomings and by obvious differences between human and rodent cardiac physiology. In addition, radionuclide studies involving small animals are affected by several extrinsic variables, such as the choice of anesthetic...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405583/corrigendum-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients-have-impaired-osteoclast-gene-expression-in-circulating-osteoclast-precursors
#17
Inês P Perpétuo, Joana Caetano-Lopes, Elsa Vieira-Sousa, Raquel Campanilho-Marques, Cristina Ponte, Nikita Khmelinskii, Helena Canhão, Mari Ainola, João E Fonseca
[This corrects the article on p. 5 in vol. 4, PMID: 28191455.].
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401147/toxinotyping-and-sequencing-of-clostridium-difficile-isolates-from-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-northern-india
#18
Meenakshi Singh, Chetana Vaishnavi, Safrun Mahmood, Rakesh Kochhar
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is an important cause of infectious colitis among hospitalized patients across the globe. The pathogenic potential of C. difficile in producing significant morbidity and mortality is mainly due to production of toxins A and B. The outbreaks of C. difficile infection (CDI) are due to changes in the genetic sequences of the organism. There is hardly any molecular study reported on the prevalent types of C. difficile strains in India. Toxinotyping and sequencing of locally circulating C...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393068/innovations-needed-for-effective-implementation-of-ex-vivo-gene-therapies
#19
EDITORIAL
Marina Cavazzana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382300/male-sexual-dysfunction-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
REVIEW
Matthew M Edey
Male sexual dysfunction is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), particularly in end-stage renal disease. Historically, this cause of considerable morbidity has been under-reported and under-recognized. The ideal approach to diagnosis and management remains unclear due to a paucity of good quality data, but an understanding of the pathophysiology is necessary in order to address the burden of this important complication of CKD. This paper will review the endocrine dysfunction that occurs in renal disease, particularly the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, discuss the causes of erectile dysfunction, infertility, and altered body image and libido in these patients and suggest appropriate treatment interventions...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
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