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EBioMedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431940/immunoglobulin-infusion-as-therapy-against-influenza
#1
Anke Huckriede
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427947/4th-microbiome-r-d-and-business-collaboration-forum-and-probiotics-congress-april-3-4-2017-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#2
Duc H Le
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416161/cellular-senescence-a-translational-perspective
#3
REVIEW
James L Kirkland, Tamara Tchkonia
Cellular senescence entails essentially irreversible replicative arrest, apoptosis resistance, and frequently acquisition of a pro-inflammatory, tissue-destructive senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Senescent cells accumulate in various tissues with aging and at sites of pathogenesis in many chronic diseases and conditions. The SASP can contribute to senescence-related inflammation, metabolic dysregulation, stem cell dysfunction, aging phenotypes, chronic diseases, geriatric syndromes, and loss of resilience...
April 12, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412250/mucosal-lining-fluid-biomarkers-in-asthma-basis-for-rational-use-of-new-targeted-therapies
#4
Rudolf Valenta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427945/accessories-to-siv-control-t-cell-vaccination-shows-potential
#5
Merlin L Robb, Diane L Bolton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427948/comprehensive-characterization-of-humoral-correlates-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-1-superinfection-acquisition-in-high-risk-kenyan-women
#6
Keshet Ronen, Adam S Dingens, Susan M Graham, Walter Jaoko, Kishor Mandaliya, R Scott McClelland, Julie Overbaugh
HIV-1 superinfection, in which an infected individual acquires a second HIV-1 infection from a different partner, is one of the only settings in which HIV acquisition occurs in the context of a pre-existing immune response to natural HIV infection. There is evidence that initial infection provides some protection from superinfection, particularly after 6months of initial infection, when development of broad immunity occurs. Comparison of the immune response of superinfected individuals at the time of superinfection acquisition to that of individuals who remain singly infected despite continued exposure can shed light on immune correlates of HIV acquisition to inform prophylactic vaccine design...
April 7, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412248/mass-spectrometry-reveals-respiratory-viral-infection-biomarkers
#7
Chan Hyun Na, Akhilesh Pandey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427946/is-an-early-age-at-illness-onset-in-schizophrenia-associated-with-increased-genetic-susceptibility-analysis-of-data-from-the-nationwide-danish-twin-register
#8
Rikke Hilker, Dorte Helenius, Birgitte Fagerlund, Axel Skytthe, Kaare Christensen, Thomas M Werge, Merete Nordentoft, Birte Glenthøj
BACKGROUND: Early age at illness onset has been viewed as an important liability marker for schizophrenia, which may be associated with an increased genetic vulnerability. A twin approach can be valuable, because it allows for the investigation of specific illness markers in individuals with a shared genetic background. METHODS: We linked nationwide registers to identify a cohort of twin pairs born in Denmark from 1951 to 2000 (N=31,524 pairs), where one or both twins had a diagnosis in the schizophrenia spectrum...
April 6, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412249/the-t-lak-cell-originated-protein-kinase-signal-pathway-promotes-colorectal-cancer-metastasis
#9
Tatyana A Zykova, Feng Zhu, Lei Wang, Haitao Li, Ruihua Bai, Do Young Lim, Ke Yao, Ann M Bode, Zigang Dong
Approximately 90% of all cancer deaths arise from the metastatic dissemination of primary tumors. Metastasis is the most lethal attribute of colorectal cancer. New data regarding the molecules contributing to the metastatic phenotype, the pathways they control and the genes they regulate are very important for understanding the processes of metastasis prognosis and prevention in the clinic. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase (TOPK) in the promotion of colorectal cancer metastasis...
April 6, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411140/batf3-dependent-cd8%C3%AE-dendritic-cells-aggravates-atherosclerosis-via-th1-cell-induction-and-enhanced-ccl5-expression-in-plaque-macrophages
#10
Yalin Li, Xueyan Liu, Wei Duan, Hua Tian, Guangming Zhu, Hao He, Shutong Yao, Shuying Yi, Wengang Song, Hua Tang
Dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in controlling T cell-mediated adaptive immunity in atherogenesis. However, the role of the basic leucine zipper transcription factor, ATF-like 3 (Batf3)-dependent CD8α(+) DC subset in atherogenesis remains unclear. Here we show that Batf3(-/-)Apoe(-/-) mice, lacking CD8α(+) DCs, exhibited a significant reduction in atherogenesis and T help 1 (Th1) cells compared with Apoe(-/-) controls. Then, we found that CD8α(+) DCs preferentially induce Th1 cells via secreting interleukin-12 (IL-12), and that the expression of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)or chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL5) in aorta were significantly decreased in Batf3(-/-)Apoe(-/-) mice...
April 6, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408242/intravenous-immunoglobulin-protects-against-severe-pandemic-influenza-infection
#11
Steven Rockman, Sue Lowther, Sarina Camuglia, Kirsten Vandenberg, Shirley Taylor, Lou Fabri, Sylvia Miescher, Martin Pearse, Deborah Middleton, Stephen J Kent, Darryl Maher
Influenza is a highly contagious, acute, febrile respiratory infection that can have fatal consequences particularly in individuals with chronic illnesses. Sporadic reports suggest that intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) may be efficacious in the influenza setting. We investigated the potential of human IVIg to ameliorate influenza infection in ferrets exposed to either the pandemic H1N1/09 virus (pH1N1) or highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1). IVIg administered at the time of influenza virus exposure led to a significant reduction in lung viral load following pH1N1 challenge...
April 6, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408240/intratumor-heterogeneity-in-primary-kidney-cancer-revealed-by-metabolic-profiling-of-multiple-spatially-separated-samples-within-tumors
#12
Takatsugu Okegawa, Megumi Morimoto, Satoru Nishizawa, Satoshi Kitazawa, Kohei Honda, Hideo Araki, Toshiya Tamura, Ayumi Ando, Yoshinori Satomi, Kikuo Nutahara, Takahito Hara
Metabolic alteration constitutes a hallmark of cancer. Glycolysis and antioxidant pathways in kidney cancer are elevated, with frequent mutation of the VHL gene. Intratumor genetic heterogeneity has been recently demonstrated in kidney cancer. However, intratumor metabolic heterogeneity has not been investigated. Here, we used global metabolomics analysis and tissue slice tracer studies to demonstrate that different portions of a human primary kidney tumor possess different metabolic characteristics and drug sensitivity...
April 6, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412251/c-myc-antagonises-the-transcriptional-activity-of-the-androgen-receptor-in-prostate-cancer-affecting-key-gene-networks
#13
Stefan J Barfeld, Alfonso Urbanucci, Harri M Itkonen, Ladan Fazli, Jessica L Hicks, Bernd Thiede, Paul S Rennie, Srinivasan Yegnasubramanian, Angelo M DeMarzo, Ian G Mills
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common non-cutaneous cancer in men. The androgen receptor (AR), a ligand-activated transcription factor, constitutes the main drug target for advanced cases of the disease. However, a variety of other transcription factors and signaling networks have been shown to be altered in patients and to influence AR activity. Amongst these, the oncogenic transcription factor c-Myc has been studied extensively in multiple malignancies and elevated protein levels of c-Myc are commonly observed in PCa...
April 5, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408241/maternal-retinoids-increase-pdgfr%C3%AE-progenitor-population-and-beige-adipogenesis-in-progeny-by-stimulating-vascular-development
#14
Bo Wang, Xing Fu, Xingwei Liang, Zhixiu Wang, Qiyuan Yang, Tiande Zou, Wei Nie, Junxing Zhao, Pengfei Gao, Mei-Jun Zhu, Jeanene M de Avila, Joseph Maricelli, Buel D Rodgers, Min Du
Maternal vitamin A intake varies but its impact on offspring metabolic health is unknown. Here we found that maternal vitamin A or retinoic acid (RA) administration expanded PDGFRα(+) adipose progenitor population in progeny, accompanied by increased blood vessel density and enhanced brown-like (beige) phenotype in adipose tissue, protecting offspring from obesity. Blockage of retinoic acid signaling by either BMS493 or negative RA receptor (RARαDN) over-expression abolished the increase in blood vessel density, adipose progenitor population, and beige adipogenesis stimulated by RA...
April 4, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396266/4th-immunotherapy-of-cancer-conference-itoc4-march-20-22-2017-prague-czech-republic
#15
Duc H Le
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392245/the-ipsc-awakens-angptl3-in-tangier-disease
#16
Man K S Lee, Andrew J Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396012/diagnostic-capacity-of-rassf1a-promoter-methylation-as-a-biomarker-in-tissue-brushing-and-blood-samples-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#17
Meng Ye, Tao Huang, Chao Ni, Ping Yang, Si Chen
Methylation of the RAS association domain family protein 1A (RASSF1A) promoter has been observed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study investigated the correlation of RASSF1A promoter methylation with clinicopathological features and its utility as a diagnostic biomarker in NPC. A total of 926 patients with NPC and 495 non-tumor controls were analyzed in this study. RASSF1A promoter methylation was notably higher in NPC compared with non-tumor tissue, brushing and blood samples. RASSF1A promoter methylation was associated with clinical stage, lymph node status, distant metastasis, and T classification of patients with NPC, although it was not linked to age and sex...
April 2, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396265/biological-age-predictors
#18
REVIEW
Juulia Jylhävä, Nancy L Pedersen, Sara Hägg
The search for reliable indicators of biological age, rather than chronological age, has been ongoing for over three decades, and until recently, largely without success. Advances in the fields of molecular biology have increased the variety of potential candidate biomarkers that may be considered as biological age predictors. In this review, we summarize current state-of-the-art findings considering six potential types of biological age predictors: epigenetic clocks, telomere length, transcriptomic predictors, proteomic predictors, metabolomics-based predictors, and composite biomarker predictors...
April 1, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396011/suppression-of-nfat5-mediated-inflammation-and-chronic-arthritis-by-novel-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-binding-inhibitors
#19
Eun-Jin Han, Hyun Young Kim, Naeun Lee, Nam-Hoon Kim, Seung-Ah Yoo, H Moo Kwon, Dae-Myung Jue, Yune-Jung Park, Chul-Soo Cho, Tran Quang De, Dae Young Jeong, Hee-Jong Lim, Woo Kyu Park, Ge Hyeong Lee, Heeyeong Cho, Wan-Uk Kim
Nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various human diseases, including cancer and arthritis. However, therapeutic agents inhibiting NFAT5 activity are currently unavailable. To discover NFAT5 inhibitors, a library of >40,000 chemicals was screened for the suppression of nitric oxide, a direct target regulated by NFAT5 activity, through high-throughput screening. We validated the anti-NFAT5 activity of 198 primary hit compounds using an NFAT5-dependent reporter assay and identified the novel NFAT5 suppressor KRN2, 13-(2-fluoro)-benzylberberine, and its derivative KRN5...
March 31, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377228/sexually-dimorphic-changes-of-hypocretin-orexin-in-depression
#20
Jing Lu, Juan Zhao, Rawien Balesar, Rolf Fronczek, Qiong-Bin Zhu, Xue-Yan Wu, Shao-Hua Hu, Ai-Min Bao, Dick F Swaab
BACKGROUND: Neurophysiological and behavioral processes regulated by hypocretin (orexin) are severely affected in depression. However, alterations in hypocretin have so far not been studied in the human brain. We explored the hypocretin system changes in the hypothalamus and cortex in depression from male and female subjects. METHODS: We quantified the differences between depression patients and well-matched controls, in terms of hypothalamic hypocretin-1 immunoreactivity (ir) and hypocretin receptors (Hcrtr-receptors)-mRNA in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex...
March 31, 2017: EBioMedicine
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