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Frontiers in Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932738/commentary-conservative-management-of-a-scar-abscess-formed-in-a-cesarean-induced-isthmocele
#1
COMMENT
Ekaterini Christina Tampaki, Athanasios Tampakis, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Gregory Kouraklis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932737/technical-intraoperative-maneuvers-for-the-management-of-inferior-vena-cava-thrombus-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#2
Dionysios Dellaportas, Nikolaos Arkadopoulos, Ioannis Tzanoglou, Evgenios Bairamidis, George Gemenetzis, Pantelis Xanthakos, Constantinos Nastos, Georgia Kostopanagiotou, Ioannis Vassiliou, Vassilios Smyrniotis
INTRODUCTION: Renal vein or inferior vena cava (IVC) invasion by neoplastic thrombus in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is not an obstacle for radical oncological treatment. The aim of this study is to present our technical maneuvers for complete removal of the intracaval thrombus without compromising hemodymanic stability of the patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2000 and 2014, 15 RCC patients with IVC involvement of levels I-III were treated with curative intent and were prospectively studied...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929100/advents-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-ischemic-colitis
#3
REVIEW
Evangelos P Misiakos, Dimitrios Tsapralis, Theodore Karatzas, Irene Lidoriki, Dimitrios Schizas, George S Sfyroeras, Konstantinos G Moulakakis, Chrysostomos Konstantos, Anastasios Machairas
BACKGROUND: Ischemic colitis (IC) is a common type of ischemic insult, resulting from decreased arterial blood flow to the colon. This disease can be caused from either atherosclerotic occlusive vascular disease or non-occlusive disease. The aim of this study is to present the diagnostic methodology and management of this severe disease based on current literature. METHODS: A literature search has been done including articles referring to modern diagnosis and management of IC...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884115/management-of-peripheral-and-truncal-venous-injuries
#4
REVIEW
Triantafillos G Giannakopoulos, Efthymios D Avgerinos
Civilian injuries are increasing according to the World Health Organization, and this is attributed mainly to road traffic accidents and urban interpersonal violence. Vascular injuries are common in these scenarios and are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Associated peripheral venous trauma is less likely to lead to death and controversy remains whether ligation or repair should be the primary approach. Conversely, non-compressible truncal venous insult can be lethal due to exsanguination, thus a high index of suspicion is crucial...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848736/late-sac-rupture-due-to-a-type-iv-endoleak-after-previous-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair-a-case-report
#5
Konstantinos Filis, Constantinos Zarmakoupis, Georgios Karantzikos, Frangiska Sigala, Gerasimos Bazigos, George Galyfos
Type IV endoleaks have been identified as endoleaks of low flow, and rupture risk has been estimated to be minimal in literature. Therefore, conservative treatment has been recommended in most cases. We are presenting a rare case of late rupture due to type IV endoleak that was treated with open repair applying a novel surgical technique.
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848735/differences-in-recurrence-rate-and-de-novo-incontinence-after-endoscopic-treatment-of-vesicourethral-stenosis-and-bladder-neck-stenosis
#6
Jennifer Kranz, Philipp C Reiss, Georg Salomon, Joachim Steffens, Margit Fisch, Clemens M Rosenbaum
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the recurrence rate and de novo incontinence after endoscopic treatment of vesicourethral stenosis (VUS) after radical prostatectomy (RP) and for bladder neck stenosis (BNS) after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients treated endoscopically for VUS after RP or for BNS after TURP at three German tertiary care centers between March 2009 and June 2016. Investigated endpoints were recurrence rate and de novo incontinence...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824919/contemporary-role-of-embolization-of-solid-organ-and-pelvic-injuries-in-polytrauma-patients
#7
REVIEW
Nikolaos D Ptohis, Georgios Charalampopoulos, Adham N Abou Ali, Efthymios D Avgerinos, Iliana Mousogianni, Dimitrios Filippiadis, George Karydas, Miltiadis Gravanis, Stamatina Pagoni
Abdominopelvic trauma (APT) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the 15- to 44-year-old age group in the Western World. It can be life-threatening as abdominopelvic organs, specifically those in the retroperitoneal space, can bleed profusely. APT is divided into blunt and penetrating types. While surgery is notably considered as a definitive solution for bleeding control, it is not always the optimum treatment for the stabilization of a polytrauma patient. Over the past decades, there has been a shift toward more sophisticated strategies, such as non-operative management of abdominopelvic vascular trauma for haemodynamically stable patients...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824918/gastric-adenocarcinoma-a-multimodal-approach
#8
REVIEW
Humair S Quadri, Brandon G Smaglo, Shannon J Morales, Anna Chloe Phillips, Aimee D Martin, Walid M Chalhoub, Nadim G Haddad, Keith R Unger, Angela D Levy, Waddah B Al-Refaie
Despite its declining incidence, gastric cancer (GC) remains a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. A multimodal approach to GC is critical to ensure optimal patient outcomes. Pretherapy fine resolution contrast-enhanced cross-sectional imaging, endoscopic ultrasound and staging laparoscopy play an important role in patients with newly diagnosed ostensibly operable GC to avoid unnecessary non-therapeutic laparotomies. Currently, margin negative gastrectomy and adequate lymphadenectomy performed at high volume hospitals remain the backbone of GC treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791295/fertility-preservation-in-endometriosis-patients-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-is-a-reliable-marker-of-the-ovarian-follicle-density
#9
Elisabetta Garavaglia, Cinzia Sala, Gianluca Taccagni, Michela Traglia, Caterina Barbieri, Stefano Ferrari, Massimo Candiani, Paola Panina-Bordignon, Daniela Toniolo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the ovarian reserve via measurement of follicular density and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in endometriosis patients participating to a clinical program of cortical ovarian cryopreservation. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of serum AMH levels and prospective investigation of ovarian follicle number. SETTING: University Hospital. PATIENTS: Two hundred and two women with endometriosis and 400 controls...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791294/the-use-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-assessing-the-insertion-of-bone-conduction-hearing-implants
#10
Tim George Ate Calon, Martin Lars Johansson, Elske Larissa van den Burg, Anna Maria Louisa Janssen, Marc van Hoof, Robert Jan Stokroos
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare postoperative cone beam CT (CBCT) imaging to implant stability quotient (ISQ) measurement and direct caliper measurements as a suitable technique to assess bone conduction hearing implant (BCHI) seating and insertion depth. METHODS: In vitro, BCHIs were completely (n = 9) and partially inserted (n = 9) in bone blocks of different densities and subsequently scanned. Scans were processed using 3DSlicer 4.3.1 and Mathematica 10...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770208/commentary-somatic-stem-cells-and-their-dysfunction-in-endometriosis
#11
COMMENT
Ekaterini Christina Tampaki, Athanasios Tampakis, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Gregory Kouraklis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740847/fournier-s-gangrene-lessons-learned-from-multimodal-and-multidisciplinary-management-of-perineal-necrotizing-fasciitis
#12
Orestis Ioannidis, Loukiani Kitsikosta, Dimitris Tatsis, Ioannis Skandalos, Aggeliki Cheva, Aikaterini Gkioti, Ioannis Varnalidis, Savvas Symeonidis, Natalia Antigoni Savvala, Styliani Parpoudi, George K Paraskevas, Manousos George Pramateftakis, Efstathios Kotidis, Ioannis Mantzoros, Konstantinos George Tsalis
BACKGROUND: Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rapidly evolving necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum and the genital area, the scrotum as it most commonly affects man in the vast majority of cases. It is polymicrobial in origin, due to the synergistic action of anaerobes and aerobes and has a very high mortality. There are many predisposing factors including diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, immunosuppression, renal, and hepatic disease. The prognosis of the disease depends on a lot of factors including but not limited to patient age, disease extent, and comorbidities...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721350/corrigendum-cerebral-cavernous-malformations-review-of-the-genetic-and-protein-protein-interactions-resulting-in-disease-pathogenesis
#13
Jacob F Baranoski, M Yashar S Kalani, Colin J Przybylowski, Joseph M Zabramski
[This corrects the article on p. 60 in vol. 3, PMID: 27896269.].
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691010/management-of-chordoma-and-chondrosarcoma-with-fractionated-stereotactic-radiotherapy
#14
Harish N Vasudevan, David R Raleigh, Julian Johnson, Adam A Garsa, Philip V Theodosopoulos, Manish K Aghi, Christopher Ames, Michael W McDermott, Igor J Barani, Steve E Braunstein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for chordoma and chondrosarcoma. METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients with a histopathologic diagnosis of chordoma (n = 16) or chondrosarcoma (n = 4) treated between 2010 and 2016 were retrospectively identified. All patients underwent FSRT in five fractions to a median dose of 37.5 Gy (range: 25-40 Gy) and followed with serial magnetic resonance imaging...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691009/endoscopic-vs-microscopic-resection-of-sellar-lesions-a-matched-analysis-of-clinical-and-socioeconomic-outcomes
#15
Tej D Azad, Yu-Jin Lee, Daniel Vail, Anand Veeravagu, Peter H Hwang, John K Ratliff, Gordon Li
BACKGROUND: Direct comparisons of microscopic and endoscopic resection of sellar lesions are scarce, with conflicting reports of cost and clinical outcome advantages. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the proposed benefits of endoscopic resection are realized on a population level. METHODS: We performed a matched cohort study of 9,670 adult patients in the MarketScan database who underwent either endoscopic or microscopic surgery for sellar lesions...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660196/endovascular-repair-of-traumatic-isthmic-ruptures-special-concerns
#16
REVIEW
Nikolaos Patelis, Athanasios Katsargyris, Chris Klonaris
Injury of the aortic isthmus is the second most frequent cause of death in cases of blunt traumatic injury. Conventional open repair is related to significant morbidity and mortality. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has increasing role in traumatic isthmic rupture, as it avoids the thoracotomy-related morbidity, aortic cross clamping, and cardiopulmonary bypass. Additionally to the technical difficulties of open repair, multi-trauma patients may not tolerate the manipulations necessary to undergo open surgery, due to concomitant injuries...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634582/cancer-stem-cells-in-moderately-differentiated-lip-squamous-cell-carcinoma-express-components-of-the-renin-angiotensin-system
#17
Rachna S Ram, Helen D Brasch, Jonathan C Dunne, Paul F Davis, Swee T Tan, Tinte Itinteang
AIM: We investigated the expression of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) by cancer stem cell (CSC) subpopulations we have identified in moderately differentiated lip squamous cell carcinoma (MDLSCC). METHOD: Ten MDLSCC samples underwent 3,3-diaminobenzidine (DAB) and immunofluorescent immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for (pro)renin receptor (PRR), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin II receptor 1 (ATIIR1), and receptor 2 (ATIIR2). NanoString analysis and Western blotting (WB) were performed on six MDLSCC samples for gene and protein expression, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620606/editorial-hip-arthroscopy
#18
EDITORIAL
Shane J Nho, Gift Ukwuani, Joshua D Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611989/expression-of-cathepsins-b-d-and-g-in-isocitrate-dehydrogenase-wildtype-glioblastoma
#19
Sabrina P Koh, Agadha C Wickremesekera, Helen D Brasch, Reginald Marsh, Swee T Tan, Tinte Itinteang
AIM: To investigate the expression of cathepsins B, D, and G, in relation to the cancer stem cell (CSC) subpopulations, we have previously characterized within isocitrate dehydogenase (IDH)-wildtype glioblastoma (IDHWGB). METHODS: 3,3-Diaminobezidine (DAB) immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for cathepsins B, D, and G, was performed on 4μm-thick formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded IDHWGB samples obtained from six patients. Two representative DHWGB samples from the original cohort of patients were selected for immunofluorescent (IF) IHC staining, to identify the localization of the cathepsins in relation to the CSC subpopulations...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611988/management-of-orbital-and-periorbital-venous-malformation
#20
Lara A Benoiton, Kenneth Chan, Frederica Steiner, Trevor FitzJohn, Swee T Tan
BACKGROUND: To review our management of common venous malformation (VM) affecting the orbit and/or periorbital area. METHODS: Consecutive patients with orbital and/or periorbital VM were identified from our vascular anomalies database. Demographic details of the patients, anatomic site(s) affected, symptoms and signs, presence of a family history of VM, and types of treatment(s) were collected, supplemented by chart review. RESULTS: A total of 24 patients' age 1-68 (mean, 30) years with orbital and/or periorbital VM presented with cosmetic concerns (n = 17, 71%), distensibility (n = 15, 63%), pain (n = 9, 38%), diplopia (n = 4, 17%), and spontaneous thrombosis (n = 1, 8%)...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
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