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Audiology Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588165/translation-and-adaptation-of-five-english-language-self-report-health-measures-to-south-indian-kannada-language
#1
Spoorthi Thammaiah, Vinaya Manchaiah, Vijayalakshmi Easwar, Rajalakshmi Krishna
The objective of this study was to translate and adapt five English self-report health measures to a South Indian language Kannada. Currently, no systematically developed questionnaires assessing hearing rehabilitation outcomes are available for clinical or research use in Kannada. The questionnaires included for translation and adaptation were the hearing handicap questionnaire, the international outcome inventory - hearing aids, the self-assessment of communication, the participation scale, and the assessment of quality of life - 4 dimensions...
April 20, 2016: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588164/endothelial-dysfunction-in-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Nicola Quaranta, Vincenzo De Ceglie, Alessandra D'Elia
An endothelial dysfunction has been described in idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) patients. The purpose of our review was to: i) identify, evaluate and review recent research about cardiovascular risk factors involvement and signs of endothelial dysfunction in ISSHL; ii) implication of these discovering in clinical practice and future research. A Medline literature search was conducted to identify any study on the involvement of endothelial dysfunction in ISSHL, published in the English language in the last decade...
April 20, 2016: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588163/decrease-in-middle-ear-resonance-frequency-during-pregnancy
#3
Emine Kutlu Dag, Cagri Gulumser, Seyra Erbek
Many physiological changes occur during pregnancy. The aim of the study was to reveal whether there is a change in middle ear resonance frequency during pregnancy. A prospective case-control study was designed at a tertiary referral center. The study included 46 pregnant women at the third trimester (27-40 weeks) and 43 nonpregnant voluntary women. All the study subjects underwent pure-tone audiometry and multifrequency tympanometry. Pure-tone hearing levels at frequencies of 250 to 8000 Hz and resonance frequency values were compared between pregnant and nonpregnant women...
April 20, 2016: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588162/survey-of-cochlear-implant-user-satisfaction-with-the-neptune%C3%A2-waterproof-sound-processor
#4
Jeroen J Briaire, Andreas Büchner, Gennaro Auletta, Helena Arroyo, Carmen Zoilo, Patrizia Mancini, Roberta Buhagiar, Neelam Vaid, Nathalie Mathias
A multi-center self-assessment survey was conducted to evaluate patient satisfaction with the Advanced Bionics Neptune™ waterproof sound processor used with the AquaMic™ totally submersible microphone. Subjective satisfaction with the different Neptune™ wearing options, comfort, ease of use, sound quality and use of the processor in a range of active and water related situations were assessed for 23 adults and 73 children, using an online and paper based questionnaire. Upgraded subjects compared their previous processor to the Neptune™...
April 20, 2016: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588161/behavior-of-the-posterior-semicircular-canal-after-dix-hallpike-maneuver
#5
Francisco Carlos Zuma e Maia, Pedro Luiz Mangabeira Albernaz, Renato Valério Cal
The objective of the present study is to analyze the quantitative vestibulo-ocular responses in a group of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) canalolithiasis and compare these data with the data of the tridimensional biomechanical model. This study was conducted on 70 patients that presented idiopathic posterior semicircular canal canalolithiasis. The diagnosis was obtained by Dix-Hallpike maneuvers recorded by videonystagmograph. The present study demonstrates that there is a significant correlation between the intensity of the nystagmus and its latency in cases of BPPV-idiopathic posterior semicircular canal canalolithiasis type...
April 20, 2016: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588160/automated-classification-of-vowel-category-and-speaker-type-in-the-high-frequency-spectrum
#6
Jeremy J Donai, Saeid Motiian, Gianfranco Doretto
The high-frequency region of vowel signals (above the third formant or F3) has received little research attention. Recent evidence, however, has documented the perceptual utility of high-frequency information in the speech signal above the traditional frequency bandwidth known to contain important cues for speech and speaker recognition. The purpose of this study was to determine if high-pass filtered vowels could be separated by vowel category and speaker type in a supervised learning framework. Mel frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) were extracted from productions of six vowel categories produced by two male, two female, and two child speakers...
April 20, 2016: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779331/one-year-follow-up-of-auditory-performance-in-post-lingually-deafened-adults-implanted-with-the-neurelec-digisonic-%C3%A2-sp-saphyr-%C3%A2-neo-cochlear-implant-system
#7
Déborah Borger, Geneviève Lina-Granade, Stéphanie Verneyre, Hung Thai-Van, Sonia Saaï, Michel Hoen, Dan Gnansia, Eric Truy
This study aimed to quantify outcomes in a group of patients who were implanted with an Oticon Medical Neurelec (Vallauris, France) cochlear implant system, the Digisonic(®) SP/Saphyr(®) Neo. Ten participants took part in this preliminary study. Their speech perception capacities were evaluated at 3, 6, and 12-months after cochlear implant activation and compared to pre-implantation scores and to scores observed with former versions of the sound processor. Compared to former versions of the sound processor, patients using the Saphyr(®) Neo processor obtained better speech perception scores for sentences in silence at each tests session (3 months: 79%, 6 months: 82% and 12 months: 94%) compared to Digisonic(®) users (respectively: 58%, 69% and 75%) and Convex sound processor users (resp...
June 11, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779330/safety-of-the-hypersound%C3%A2-audio-system-in-subjects-with-normal-hearing
#8
Ritvik P Mehta, Sara L Mattson, Brian A Kappus, Robin L Seitzman
The objective of the study was to assess the safety of the HyperSound® Audio System (HSS), a novel audio system using ultrasound technology, in normal hearing subjects under normal use conditions; we considered pre-exposure and post-exposure test design. We investigated primary and secondary outcome measures: i) temporary threshold shift (TTS), defined as >10 dB shift in pure tone air conduction thresholds and/or a decrement in distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) >10 dB at two or more frequencies; ii) presence of new-onset otologic symptoms after exposure...
June 11, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779329/a-practical-tablet-based-hearing-aid-configuration-as-an-exemplar-project-for-students-of-instrumentation
#9
Ricardo Simeoni
This paper presents the configuration and digital signal processing details of a tablet-based hearing aid transmitting wirelessly to standard earphones, whereby the tablet performs full sound processing rather than solely providing a means of setting adjustment by streaming to conventional digital hearing aids. The presented device confirms the recognized advantages of this tablet-based approach (e.g., in relation to cost, frequency domain processing, amplification range, versatility of functionality, component battery rechargeability), and flags the future wider-spread availability of such hearing solutions within mainstream healthcare...
June 11, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779328/comparison-of-performance-of-transcranial-contralateral-routing-of-signal-pre-implanted-trimmer-digital-and-digital-bone-anchored-hearing-aid-in-adults-with-unilateral-hearing-loss
#10
Neelamegarajan Devi, Suma Chatni, Kasetty Jagannathaiah S Ramadevi, Darga Baba Fakruddin
Individuals with unilateral hearing loss of severe-profound degree face listening difficulties while localizing a sound source and while perceiving speech in the presence of noise. The objective was to compare the efficacy of the digitally programmable bone anchored hearing aid (BAHA), trimmer digital BAHA and the transcranial contralateral routing of signal (T-CROS) in improving the listening performance in adults with unilateral hearing loss. Twenty-four adults with unilateral hearing loss was assessed for sound field thresholds, speech perception performance in quiet and noise (direct and indirect conditions) and the subjective quality rating of speech in unaided and aided with either T-CROS or digitally programmable BAHA or trimmer digital BAHA attached to the headband...
June 11, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779327/speech-intelligibility-in-various-noise-conditions-with-the-nucleus%C3%A2-5-cp810-sound-processor
#11
Norbert Dillier, Wai Kong Lai
The Nucleus(®) 5 System Sound Processor (CP810, Cochlear™, Macquarie University, NSW, Australia) contains two omnidirectional microphones. They can be configured as a fixed directional microphone combination (called Zoom) or as an adaptive beamformer (called Beam), which adjusts the directivity continuously to maximally reduce the interfering noise. Initial evaluation studies with the CP810 had compared performance and usability of the new processor in comparison with the Freedom™ Sound Processor (Cochlear™) for speech in quiet and noise for a subset of the processing options...
June 11, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779326/ageing-effect-on-air-conducted-ocular-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential
#12
Kaushlendra Kumar, Jayashree S Bhat, Nimalka Maria Sequeira, Kiran M Bhojwani
One of the recent diagnostic tests to assess the function of otolithic organs is through vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) testing. There are equivocal findings on effect of aging on ocular VEMP (oVEMP) parameters with reference to latencies. Hence this study was taken up to investigate the age related changes in oVEMP parameters. This present study considered 30 participants in each age group i.e., young adults, middle-aged adults and older adults. oVEMP were recorded using insert earphone at 100dBnHL at 500hZ short duration tone burst...
June 11, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779325/evaluation-of-a-transient-noise-reduction-algorithm-in-cochlear-implant-users
#13
Karl-Heinz Dyballa, Phillipp Hehrmann, Volkmar Hamacher, Waldo Nogueira, Thomas Lenarz, Andreas Büchner
Dealing with environmental noises presents a major issue for cochlear implant (CI) users. Hence, digital noise reduction (DNR) schemes have become important features of CI systems. Many noises like for example clinking glasses or slamming doors, have impulsive onsets and decay quickly. Common DNR algorithms cannot handle this type of noise in an appropriate way. In this study, we investigated the effect of an algorithm specially designed for such noises with 12 CI users (age range: 45 to 75 years). Speech scores in noise and quiet as well as subjective ratings of speech clarity, comfort and overall preference were measured...
June 11, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557364/apogeotropic-posterior-semicircular-canal-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-some-clinical-and-therapeutic-considerations
#14
Paolo Vannucchi, Rudi Pecci, Beatrice Giannoni, Fabio Di Giustino, Rossana Santimone, Arianna Mengucci
We lately reported the cases of patients complaining positional vertigo whose nystagmic pattern was that of a peripheral torsional vertical positional down beating nystagmus originating from a lithiasis of the non-ampullary arm of the posterior semicircular canal (PSC). We considered this particular pathological picture the apogeotropic variant of PSC benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Since the description of the pilot cases we observed more than 150 patients showing the same clinical sign and course of symptoms...
January 21, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557363/effect-of-compression-ratio-on-perception-of-time-compressed-phonemically-balanced-words-in-kannada-and-monosyllables
#15
Prashanth Prabhu, Mirale Jagadish Sujan, Satish Rakshith
The present study attempted to study perception of time-compressed speech and the effect of compression ratio for phonemically balanced (PB) word lists in Kannada and monosyllables. The test was administered on 30 normal hearing individuals at compression ratios of 40%, 50%, 60%, 70% and 80% for PB words in Kannada and monosyllables. The results of the study showed that the speech identification scores for time-compressed speech reduced with increase in compression ratio. The scores were better for monosyllables compared to PB words especially at higher compression ratios...
January 21, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557362/nystagmus-in-enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct-a-case-series
#16
Judith White, Paul Krakovitz
Enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA) is one of the commonly identified congenital temporal bone abnormalities associated with sensorineural hearing loss. Hearing loss may be unilateral or bilateral, and typically presents at birth or in early childhood. Vestibular symptoms have been reported in up to 50% of affected individuals, and may be delayed in onset until adulthood. The details of nystagmus in patients with EVA have not been previously reported. The objectives were to describe the clinical history, vestibular test findings and nystagmus seen in a case series of patients with enlarged vestibular aqueduct anomaly...
January 21, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557361/outlook-for-tissue-engineering-of-the-tympanic-membrane
#17
Maria A Villar-Fernandez, Jose A Lopez-Escamez
Tympanic membrane perforation is a common problem leading to hearing loss. Despite the autoregenerative activity of the eardrum, chronic perforations require surgery using different materials, from autologous tissue - fascia, cartilage, fat or perichondrium - to paper patch. However, both, surgical procedures (myringoplasty or tympanoplasty) and the materials employed, have a number of limitations. Therefore, the advances in this field are incorporating the principles of tissue engineering, which includes the use of scaffolds, biomolecules and cells...
January 21, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557360/habituation-of-auditory-steady-state-responses-evoked-by-amplitude-modulated-acoustic-signals-in-rats
#18
Pavel Prado-Gutierrez, Anisleidy Castro-Fariñas, Lisbet Morgado-Rodriguez, Ernesto Velarde-Reyes, Agustín D Martínez, Eduardo Martínez-Montes
Generation of the auditory steady state responses (ASSR) is commonly explained by the linear combination of random background noise activity and the stationary response. Based on this model, the decrease of amplitude that occurs over the sequential averaging of epochs of the raw data has been exclusively linked to the cancelation of noise. Nevertheless, this behavior might also reflect the non-stationary response of the ASSR generators. We tested this hypothesis by characterizing the ASSR time course in rats with different auditory maturational stages...
January 21, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557359/the-effect-of-short-term-musical-training-on-speech-perception-in-noise
#19
Chandni Jain, Hijas Mohamed, Ajith U Kumar
The aim of the study was to assess the effect of short-term musical training on speech perception in noise. In the present study speech perception in noise was measured pre- and post- short-term musical training. The musical training involved auditory perceptual training for raga identification of two Carnatic ragas. The training was given for eight sessions. A total of 18 normal hearing adults in the age range of 18-25 years participated in the study wherein group 1 consisted of ten individuals who underwent musical training and group 2 consisted of eight individuals who did not undergo any training...
January 21, 2015: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557358/simultaneous-extratympanic-electrocochleography-and-auditory-brainstem-responses-revisited
#20
Carlos Minaya, Samuel R Atcherson
The purpose of this study was to revisit the two-channel, simultaneous click-evoked extratympanic electrocochleography and auditory brainstem response (ECoG/ABR) recording technique for clinical use in normal hearing participants. Recording the compound action potential (AP) of the ECoG simultaneously with ABR may be useful when Wave I of the ABR is small or diminished in patients with sensorineural or retrocochlear disorder and minimizes overall test time. In contrast to some previous studies that used the extratympanic electrode both as non-inverting electrode for the ECoG and inverting electrode for ABR, this study maintained separate recording channel montages unique to conventional click-evoked ECoG and ABR recordings...
January 21, 2015: Audiology Research
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