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Preventive Medicine Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755934/physical-activity-levels-of-adults-with-various-physical-disabilities
#1
Ellen L de Hollander, Karin I Proper
This study examined the physical activity (PA) levels of people with specific disabilities, using health care registration data. Data of 321,656 adults (83%) from the Dutch Public Health Monitor 2012 were used to assess adherence to the World Health Organization (WHO) PA guidelines (%) and the time (min/week) spent on moderate-to-vigorous-intensity and vigorous-intensity PA. Specific physical and sensory (i.e. vision and hearing) disabilities were identified by means of two health claims registries that include reimbursement of functional aids and long-term care...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755933/increasing-overweight-and-obesity-erodes-engagement-in-one-s-neighborhood-by-women-but-not-men
#2
Roseanne C Schuster, Seung Yong Han, Alexandra A Brewis, Amber Wutich
Obesity is socially stigmatized in the U.S., especially for women. Significant research has focused on the role that the social and built environments of neighborhoods play in shaping obesity. However, the role of obesity in shaping neighborhood social structure has been largely overlooked. We test the hypothesis that large body size inhibits an individual's engagement in his or her neighborhood. Our study objectives are to assess if (1) body size (body mass index) interacts with gender to predict engagement in one's neighborhood (neighborhood engagement) and (2) if bonding social capital interacts with gender to predict neighborhood engagement independent of body size...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755932/family-food-purchases-of-high-and-low-calorie-foods-in-full-service-supermarkets-and-other-food-retailers-by-black-women-in-an-urban-us-setting
#3
Benjamin W Chrisinger, Katherine Isselmann DiSantis, Amy E Hillier, Shiriki K Kumanyika
Public health interventions to increase supermarket access assume that shopping in supermarkets is associated with healthier food purchases compared to other store types. To test this assumption, we compared purchasing patterns by store-type for certain higher-calorie, less healthy foods (HCF) and lower-calorie, healthier foods (LCF) in a sample of 35 black women household shoppers in Philadelphia, PA. Data analyzed were from 450 food shopping receipts collected by these shoppers over four-week periods in 2012...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755931/social-determinants-of-self-rated-health-among-japanese-mothers-of-children-with-disabilities
#4
Miyako Kimura
Caregivers of children with disability are more likely to be affected by social determinants that lead to poor health. Additionally, a previous study revealed that although mothers of a single child with disability wanted to have another child, various obstacles including social, cultural, economic, and biological factors existed and some had to give up on having another child. Since the mental health and well-being of these mothers were poorer than those of mothers with multiple children with and without disabilities, such family composition may also affect maternal health...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755930/parents-attitudes-towards-topical-fluoride-and-vaccines-for-children-are-these-distinct-or-overlapping-phenomena
#5
Richard M Carpiano, Donald L Chi
Despite attention paid to parental refusal of child vaccines, the phenomenon of topical fluoride refusal is poorly understood. We examine the extent to which parent attitudes and Internet use regarding topical fluoride treatment and vaccines may overlap and, in turn, uniquely or distinctly correlate with fluoride and vaccine refusal for the child. In 2017, we analyzed data collected from 2011 to 12 for 361 children from three Washington state dental clinics. The instrument included analogous measures of topical fluoride and vaccine safety concerns, perceived severity of preventable cavities/disease, and Internet use for fluoride/vaccine information; and measures of non-fluoridated toothpaste use, attitudes towards dental x-rays and amalgam and composite fillings...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632802/environment-perception-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-portuguese-high-school-students
#6
Rita Pereira, Rute Santos, Susana Póvoas, Pedro Silva
This study aims to analyze the association between perceived environmental factors and leisure-time physical activity (PA) among adolescents of both genders. Data were collected in autumn of 2011 from 866 adolescents (412 girls and 454 boys) 12- to 18-years-old, from four Portuguese cities. Perception of environmental factors was assessed by Assessing Levels of Physical Activity and Fitness (ALPHA) questionnaire (Spittaels et al., 2010, IJBNPA). PA was assessed by a questionnaire that evaluated PA during leisure-time and participants were assigned into the following categories: sedentary; low active; moderate active; and very active...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560303/evaluation-of-primary-caregivers-perceptions-on-home-trampoline-use
#7
Supriya Singh, Kamary Coriolano, Jacob Davidson, Megan Cashin, Timothy Carey, Debra Bartley
Trampolines are widely used by children, but trampoline injuries can be severe and may require hospital care or even surgery. This pilot study examined the effectiveness of an educational intervention on caregivers' perceptions of trampoline use and safety for their children. Primary caregivers were recruited from the orthopedic clinic at the Children's Hospital at our institution in 2015. Caregivers were asked to complete a survey at two time points, initially in clinic and one week post educational intervention...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560302/impact-of-different-recruitment-strategies-on-accelerometry-adherence-and-resulting-physical-activity-data-a-secondary-analysis
#8
Kevin Rudolf, Christopher Grieben, Katja Petrowski, Ingo Froböse, Andrea Schaller
Strategies for increasing adherence to physical activity assessments are often linked to extra financial or personal effort. This paper aims to investigate the influence of the recruitment strategy on participants' adherence to accelerometry and resulting PA data. Data were used from two previous studies conducted in 2013 and 2016 in Cologne, Germany, differing in recruitment strategy ( N  = 103, 40.8% male, mean age 20.9 ± 3.7 years, mean BMI 23.7 ± 4.1 kg/m2 ). In the passive recruitment (PR) group, vocational students took part in the accelerometry (ActiGraph GT3X+) in line with the main study unless they denied participation...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560301/intention-to-quit-smoking-and-polytobacco-use-among-college-student-smokers
#9
Karen M Butler, Melinda J Ickes, Mary Kay Rayens, Amanda T Wiggins, Kristin Ashford, Ellen J Hahn
Little is known about polytobacco use in college students. One nationally representative survey indicated 51.3% of tobacco-using college students used more than one product, which may increase risk of tobacco-related disease and premature death. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of intention to quit smoking (ITQS) cigarettes with polytobacco use status, controlling for frequency of tobacco product use and cigarette smoking intensity as measured by cigarettes per day (CPD). Data are from a larger quasi-experimental study conducted at a large state university in the Southeastern United States...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552458/understanding-lung-cancer-screening-behavior-racial-gender-and-geographic-differences-among-indiana-long-term-smokers
#10
Lisa Carter-Harris, James E Slaven, Patrick O Monahan, Rivienne Shedd-Steele, Nasser Hanna, Susan M Rawl
Lung cancer screening is a relatively new screening option. Inequalities related to screening behavior have been documented in other types of cancer screening. Because stage at presentation drives mortality in lung cancer, it is critical to understand factors that influence screening behavior in lung cancer screening in order to intervene. However, we must first understand where disparities exist in lung cancer screening participation in order to effectively guide intervention efforts. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the association of sociodemographic (including key disparity-related variables) and knowledge with lung cancer screening behavior...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552457/reliability-and-consistency-of-a-validated-sun-exposure-questionnaire-in-a-population-based-danish-sample
#11
B Køster, J Søndergaard, J B Nielsen, A Olsen, J Bentzen
An important feature of questionnaire validation is reliability. To be able to measure a given concept by questionnaire validly, the reliability needs to be high. The objectives of this study were to examine reliability of attitude and knowledge and behavioral consistency of sunburn in a developed questionnaire for monitoring and evaluating population sun-related behavior. Sun related behavior, attitude and knowledge was measured weekly by a questionnaire in the summer of 2013 among 664 Danes. Reliability was tested in a test-retest design...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552456/self-reported-healthcare-provider-utilization-across-united-states-midwestern-households
#12
S R Dominick, Nicole J Olynk Widmar, Laura E D'Acunto, Lalatendu Acharya
Understanding the relationships between health care provider usage and demographics of patients is necessary for the development of educational materials, outreach information, and programs targeting individuals who may benefit from services. This analysis identified relationships between health care provider usage and individual's demographics. A sample of Midwestern U.S. respondents ( n  = 1265) was obtained through the use of an online survey distributed February 12-26, 2016 and was targeted to be representative of the population of the Midwestern states sampled in terms of sex, age, income, and state of residence...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552455/impact-of-smoke-free-housing-policy-lease-exemptions-on-compliance-enforcement-and-smoking-behavior-a-qualitative-study
#13
Pamela Kaufman, Julie Kang, Ryan David Kennedy, Pippa Beck, Roberta Ferrence
This paper investigates the impacts of smoke-free housing policies on compliance, enforcement and smoking behavior. From 2012 to 2014, we studied two affordable housing providers in Canada with comprehensive smoke-free policies: Waterloo Regional Housing that required new leases to be non-smoking and exempted existing leases, and Yukon Housing Corporation that required all leases (existing and new) to be non-smoking. Focus groups and key informant interviews were conducted with 31 housing and public health staff involved in policy development and implementation, and qualitative interviews with 56 tenants...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520336/no-cost-gym-visits-are-associated-with-lower-weight-and-blood-pressure-among-non-latino-black-and-latino-participants-with-a-diagnosis-of-hypertension-in-a-multi-site-demonstration-project
#14
Snehal N Shah, Eleni Digenis-Bury, Elizabeth T Russo, Shannon O'Malley, Nineequa Blanding, Anne McHugh, Roy Wada
Well documented, persistent racial/ethnic health disparities in obesity and hypertension in the US demonstrate the continued need for interventions that focus on people of color who may be at higher risk. We evaluated a demonstration project funded by the CDC's Racial/Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) program at four federally qualified health centers (FQHC) and YMCA fitness and wellness centers in Boston. No-cost YMCA memberships were offered from June 2014 to June 2015 to non-Latino black and Latino adults with a diagnosis of hypertension...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616185/racial-ethnic-representation-in-lifestyle-weight-loss-intervention-studies-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Christina F Haughton, Valerie J Silfee, Monica L Wang, Andrea C Lopez-Cepero, David P Estabrook, Christine Frisard, Milagros C Rosal, Sherry L Pagoto, Stephenie C Lemon
Obesity remains a persistent public health and health disparity concern in the United States. Eliminating health disparities, particularly among racial/ethnic minority groups, is a major health priority in the US. The primary aim of this review was to evaluate representation of racial/ethnic sub-group members in behavioral weight loss interventions conducted among adults in the United States. The secondary aims were to assess recruitment and study design approaches to include racial/ethnic groups and the extent of racial/ethnic sub-group analyses conducted in these studies...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527469/neighborhood-crime-and-access-to-health-enabling-resources-in-chicago
#16
Elizabeth L Tung, Kelly Boyd, Stacy Tessler Lindau, Monica E Peek
Neighborhood crime may be an important social determinant of health in many high-poverty, urban communities, yet little is known about its relationship with access to health-enabling resources. We recruited an address-based probability sample of 267 participants (ages ≥35 years) on Chicago's South Side between 2012 and 2013. Participants were queried about their perceptions of neighborhood safety and prior experiences of neighborhood crime. Survey data were paired to a comprehensive, directly-observed census of the built environment on the South Side of Chicago...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527468/primary-care-providers-discussion-of-fall-prevention-approaches-with-their-older-adult-patients-docstyles-2014
#17
Elizabeth R Burns, Yara K Haddad, Erin M Parker
Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults. The American and British Geriatric Societies recommend a fall risk assessment to identify risk factors and guide interventions to prevent these falls. This study describes the self-reported discussion of fall prevention approaches used by primary care providers (PCPs)-family practitioners, internists and nurse practitioners-who treat older adults. Results are described overall and by PCP type. We analyzed a sample of 1210 U.S. PCPs who participated in the 2014 DocStyles survey...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527467/social-integration-and-healthy-aging-among-u-s-women
#18
Shanshan Li, Kaitlin Hagan, Francine Grodstein, Tyler J VanderWeele
Background: Social integration has been related to risk of chronic diseases and mental health conditions. Purpose: We investigated the association between social integration in midlife with subsequent health and well-being in aging. Methods: We included women from the Nurses' Health Study in the United States, who had no major chronic diseases in 1996 when we assessed social integration, using the Berkman-Syme Social Network Index. We defined healthy aging after 16 years of follow-up, when women ranged from 66 to 91 years, on the basis of survival along with 4 health criteria, assessed in 2012: no history of major chronic disease diagnosis, no self-reported impairment in memory, and no major impairments in physical function or mental health...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527466/identifying-quality-improvement-targets-to-facilitate-colorectal-cancer-screening-completion
#19
Simon J Craddock Lee, Stephen J Inrig, Bijal A Balasubramanian, Celette Sugg Skinner, Robin T Higashi, Katharine McCallister, Wendy Pechero Bishop, Noel O Santini, Jasmin A Tiro
The colorectal cancer (CRC) screening process involves multiple interfaces (communication exchanges and transfers of responsibility for specific actions) among primary care and gastroenterology providers, laboratory, and administrative staff. After a retrospective electronic health record (EHR) analysis discovered substantial clinic variation and low CRC screening prevalence overall in an urban, integrated safety-net system, we launched a qualitative analysis to identify potential quality improvement targets to enhance fecal immunochemical test (FIT) completion, the system's preferred screening modality...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527465/assessment-of-trends-in-cervical-cancer-screening-rates-using-healthcare-claims-data-united-states-2003-2014
#20
Meg Watson, Vicki Benard, Elaine W Flagg
Improved understanding of the natural history of cervical cancer has led to changes in screening recommendations, including the addition of the human papillomavirus (HPV) testing as an option in routine screening. Most studies of screening trends have used national self-reported survey data. To better understand recent trends in cervical cancer screening, including cytology (Papanicolaou, or Pap, tests) and human papillomavirus co-tests (HPV + Pap test), we used healthcare claims data to examine screening practices and trends...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
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