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Preventive Medicine Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101444/accelerometer-data-treatment-for-adolescents-fitting-a-piece-of-the-puzzle
#1
Melody Smith, Steve Taylor, Leon Iusitini, Tom Stewart, Fa'asisila Savila, El-Shadan Tautolo, Lindsay Plank, Shabnam Jalili-Moghaddam, Janis Paterson, Elaine Rush
This study aimed to assess the differences in participant retention and associations between physical activity and key variables when a range of accelerometer data inclusion criteria are employed. Data were drawn from 204 adolescents of Pacific Island heritage (survey, body composition, 7-day accelerometry) and their parents (date of birth, socioeconomic status) between October 2014 and February 2016 in Auckland, New Zealand. Data wear time criteria for inclusion were as follows: A) > = 10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 5 days (at least one weekend day); B) > = 10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 4 days; C) > = 7 h/day, > = 3 days; D) > = 10 h/day, > = 1 day...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101443/national-physical-activity-surveillance-users-of-wearable-activity-monitors-as-a-potential-data-source
#2
John D Omura, Susan A Carlson, Prabasaj Paul, Kathleen B Watson, Janet E Fulton
The objective of this study was to assess usage patterns of wearable activity monitors among US adults and how user characteristics might influence physical activity estimates from this type of sample. We analyzed data on 3367 respondents to the 2015 HealthStyles survey, an annual consumer mail panel survey conducted on a nationwide sample. Approximately 1 in 8 respondents (12.5%) reported currently using a wearable activity monitor. Current use varied by sex, age, and education level. Use increased with physical activity level from 4...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083469/leisure-time-occupational-household-physical-activity-and-insulin-resistance-homair-in-the-midlife-in-the-united-states-midus-national-study-of-adults
#3
Vera K Tsenkova
Physical activity is a critical cornerstone of successful diabetes prevention and management. Current U.S. physical activity guidelines do not differentiate among physical activity for leisure, work, or other purposes, effectively implying that physical activity in any domain confers the same health benefits. It is currently unknown whether physical activity performed in different domains (leisure-time physical activity = LTPA, occupational physical activity = OPA, and household physical activity = HPA) is associated with insulin resistance...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083468/increased-body-weight-affects-academic-performance-in-university-students
#4
Angela S Anderson, Deborah J Good
For K-12 students, obesity has been linked to student educational achievements. The study objective was to determine whether academic performance in university students is correlated with BMI. Students from two consecutive academic years (Jan-May 2013 and Jan-May 2014) were given an optional class survey in May, as extra credit. Of the 452 students that completed the survey, 204 females and 75 males (N = 279; 73% female and 27% male) consented to participate in the study. The number of correct answers to problem-solving questions (PSQs) and the overall final grade for the class were compared to the calculated BMI using linear regression with a Pearson's R correlation and unpaired t-tests...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070479/the-impact-of-religiosity-on-dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-in-minority-women-participating-in-the-health-is-power-hip-study
#5
Serene Ansari, Erica G Soltero, Elizabeth Lorenzo, Rebecca E Lee
African American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (HL) women report lower rates of physical activity (PA) and poorer dietary habits compared to their white counterparts. Religiosity can act as a protective factor for health; however, the relationship between religiosity, PA, and diet is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the influence of religiosity on PA and fruit and vegetable (FV) and fat consumption in minority women. Health is Power (HIP) was a 6-month intervention where participants (AA: 63%; HL: 37%) were randomized to a PA or FV group...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070478/the-effect-of-modifiable-healthy-practices-on-higher-level-functional-capacity-decline-among-japanese-community-dwellers
#6
Rei Otsuka, Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Makiko Tomida, Yuki Kato, Mariko Nakamoto, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata, Takao Suzuki
This study aimed to clarify the effects of the accumulation of 8 modifiable practices related to health, including smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, sleeping hours, body mass index, dietary diversity, ikigai (life worth living), and health checkup status, on higher-level functional capacity decline among Japanese community dwellers. Data were derived from the National Institute for Longevity Sciences - Longitudinal Study of Aging. Subjects comprised 1269 men and women aged 40 to 79 years at baseline (1997-2000) who participated in a follow-up postal survey (2013)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070477/the-longitudinal-trajectory-of-post-surgical-total-weight-loss-among-middle-aged-women-who-had-undergone-bariatric-surgery
#7
Dong-Chul Seo, Chung Gun Lee, Mohammad R Torabi, David K Lohrmann
Middle-aged women are at a higher risk of being obese. We examined the trajectory of post-surgical % total weight loss (%TWL) among middle-aged female bariatric patients. We fitted sequential generalized estimating equations models to analyze a sample of women who received bariatric surgery in 1995-2012, aged 40-65 years at the time of surgery (N = 158,292) whose pre-operative body mass index (BMI) was ≥ 30 kg/m(2) in the Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database. The %TWL computed by 100% × (pre-surgery BMI - post-surgery BMI) / pre-surgery BMI showed different trajectories depending on type of surgery...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070476/evaluating-screening-colonoscopy-quality-in-an-uninsured-urban-population-following-patient-navigation
#8
Keith Naylor, Cassandra Fritz, Blase Polite, Karen Kim
Patient navigation (PN) increases screening colonoscopy completion in minority and uninsured populations. However, colonoscopy quality is under-reported in the setting of PN and quality indicators have often failed to meet benchmark standards. This study investigated screening colonoscopy quality indicators after year-one of a PN initiative targeting the medically uninsured. This was a retrospective analysis of 296 outpatient screening colonoscopies. Patients were 45 to 75 years of age with no history of bowel cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, or colorectal surgery...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070475/patterns-and-determinants-of-mammography-screening-in-lebanese-women
#9
Nadia Elias, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Salim M Adib
The associations of ever using and/or repeating a mammography test with psychosocial and socio-demographic factors were surveyed in 2014 among Lebanese women ≥ 40. A sample of 2400 women was selected across Lebanon. Variables with significant bivariate associations with various types of behaviors were entered in multivariate analysis. Of the total, 105 women (4·4%) had never heard of mammography as a tool for early breast cancer detection. Among the remaining 2295, 45% had ever used it, of whom 10% had obtained it for the first time within the 12 months preceding the survey...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070474/recent-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-low-dose-aspirin-use-for-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-united-states-2012-2015
#10
Mark Stuntz, Brent Bernstein
Aspirin therapy has been shown to be an effective prevention measure to reduce the risk of new or recurring cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to provide an epidemiological analysis of low-dose aspirin use for primary and secondary CVD prevention from 2012 to 2015. Estimates of self-reported low-dose aspirin use for primary and secondary CVD prevention were obtained from the National Health Interview Survey for the years 2012-2015. Temporal changes in the prevalence of aspirin use for primary and secondary CVD prevention were assessed using logistic regression...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050340/patterns-of-attendance-to-health-checks-in-a-municipality-setting-the-danish-check-your-health-preventive-program
#11
Anne-Louise Bjerregaard, Helle T Maindal, Niels Henrik Bruun, Annelli Sandbæk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050339/differences-in-cervical-cancer-screening-knowledge-practices-and-beliefs-an-examination-of-survey-responses
#12
Monica L Kasting, Shannon Wilson, Terrell W Zollinger, Brian E Dixon, Nathan W Stupiansky, Gregory D Zimet
Among the identified barriers to HPV vaccination is the concern that women may compensate for their reduced susceptibility to cervical cancers by reducing cervical cancer screening. This exploratory study examined the relationship between cervical cancer screening rates and HPV vaccination. We conducted a cross-sectional survey using a convenience sample of women aged 21-35 attending a local minority health fair in July 2015. Data were analyzed in 2015-2016. Outcomes assessed were: receiving a Pap test within the last three years, awareness and comfort with current Pap test recommendations, and knowledge regarding the purpose of a Pap test...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050338/efficacy-of-self-sampling-in-promoting-participation-to-cervical-cancer-screening-also-in-subsequent-round
#13
Annarosa Del Mistro, Helena Frayle, Antonio Ferro, Gianpiero Fantin, Emma Altobelli, Paolo Giorgi Rossi
Offering self-sampling devices improves participation of under-screened women. We evaluated participation in routine screening following the self-sampling intervention in two organized population-based screening programmes located in North-East Italy. Data on participation at 3-years-interval after a randomized clinical trial assessing the response to two strategies offering self-samplers (sent at home or offered free at local pharmacy) with a control action (sending reminders for a cervical specimen taken at the clinic) in 30-64 yr-old women non-respondent to the regular call-recall invitation were analyzed...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050337/race-ethnicity-and-intention-to-quit-cigarette-smoking
#14
Julia N Soulakova, Jinyu Li, Lisa J Crockett
The study examined racial/ethnic differences in smokers' intentions to quit smoking within the next 6 months. The sample included 20,693 current non-occasional smokers in the U.S. who responded to the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. The rates of intention to quit within 1 month were significantly higher for non-Hispanic (NH) Black (21%; OR = 1.44, CI = 1.24-1.67) and Hispanic (21%; OR = 1.42, CI = 1.20-1.68) than for the NH Whites (NHW, 15%). The rates of intention to quit within 6 months were significantly higher for NH Blacks (46%; OR = 1...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050336/effects-of-preventive-online-mindfulness-interventions-on-stress-and-mindfulness-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Wasantha P Jayewardene, David K Lohrmann, Ryan G Erbe, Mohammad R Torabi
Empirical evidence suggested that mind-body interventions can be effectively delivered online. This study aimed to examine whether preventive online mindfulness interventions (POMI) for non-clinical populations improve short- and long-term outcomes for perceived-stress (primary) and mindfulness (secondary). Systematic search of four electronic databases, manuscript reference lists, and journal content lists was conducted in 2016, using 21 search-terms. Eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating effects of POMI in non-clinical populations with adequately reported perceived-stress and mindfulness measures pre- and post-intervention were included...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018841/1-low-fat-milk-has-perks-an-evaluation-of-a-social-marketing-intervention
#16
Karla Jaye Finnell, Robert John, David M Thompson
This study evaluated the effect of a 12-week social marketing intervention conducted in 2012 promoting 1% milk use relying on paid advertising. Weekly milk sales data by type of milk (whole, 2%, 1%, and nonfat milk) were collected from 80 supermarkets in the Oklahoma City media market, the intervention market, and 66 supermarkets in the Tulsa media market (TMM), the comparison market. The effect was measured with a paired t-test. A mixed segmented regression model, controlling for the contextual difference between supermarkets and data correlation, identified trends before, during, and after the intervention...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990341/smokers-bmi-and-perceived-health-does-the-order-of-questions-matter
#17
Matthew C Rousu, Richard O'Connor, Maansi Bansal-Travers
We surveyed 431 daily smokers between November 2014 and March 2015 to examine the impact of the order of questions on the response to a self-reported health question as part of a larger experimental study. We randomized the question order, with some respondents providing their weight prior to self-reporting their health, while others did the opposite. We found that self-reported health outcomes are worse when smokers are first asked to report their weight. However, the order of questions only seems to impact those who are overweight as we did not find evidence that the order of questions affected responses for those with a BMI below 25...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990340/implementation-of-a-food-insecurity-screening-and-referral-program-in-student-run-free-clinics-in-san-diego-california
#18
Sunny Smith, David Malinak, Jinnie Chang, Maria Perez, Sandra Perez, Erica Settlecowski, Timothy Rodriggs, Ming Hsu, Alexandra Abrew, Sofia Aedo
Food insecurity is associated with many poor health outcomes yet is not routinely addressed in clinical settings. The purpose of this study was to implement a food insecurity screening and referral program in Student-run Free Clinics (SRFC) and to document the prevalence of food insecurity screening in this low-income patient population. All patients seen in three SRFC sites affiliated with one institution in San Diego, California were screened for food insecurity using the 6-item United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Security Survey between January and July 2015 and referred to appropriate resources...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990339/variety-of-fruit-and-vegetables-is-related-to-preschoolers-overall-diet-quality
#19
Samantha A Ramsay, Lenka H Shriver, Christopher A Taylor
Children are encouraged to eat a specific amount of fruits and vegetables to optimize health. The purpose of this study was to assess whether consumption of a variety of fruits and vegetables, respectively, was associated with a greater diet quality among preschool-aged children. Analyses were performed using a cross-sectional, nationally representative sample of US children. Dietary intakes from 24-h dietary recalls of two-five year old children (n = 2595) in 2005-2010 NHANES were examined. Diet quality was evaluated using MyPlate equivalents and the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981026/social-and-emotional-support-as-a-protective-factor-against-current-depression-among-individuals-with-adverse-childhood-experiences
#20
Jenna Brinker, Vinay K Cheruvu
Depression is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders among adults with adverse childhood experiences (ACE). Several studies have well documented the protective role of social support against depression in other populations. However, the impact of perceived social and emotional support (PSES) on current depression in a large community sample of adults with ACE has not been studied yet. This study tests the hypothesis that PSES is a protective factor against current depression among adults with ACE...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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