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Preventive Medicine Reports

Miriam Weijers, Frans J M Feron, Caroline H G Bastiaenen
A 3600Child-profile, with theoretically ordered, integral child-information visualized in one image, is designed by the Dutch preventive Child and Youth Health Care (CYHC). The introduction of this new data/information carrier gives an important incentive to enhance a transformation towards personalized health care for children and adolescents by supporting the complex medical thought process of CYHCmedical doctors (MD's). This information tool aims to effectively estimate child's functioning, detect emerging health problems and inform parents and caregivers...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Krisda H Chaiyachati, Jeffrey K Hom, Rebecca A Hubbard, Charlene Wong, David Grande
Worse health outcomes among those living in poverty are due in part to lower rates of health insurance and barriers to care. As the Affordable Care Act reduced financial barriers, identifying persistent barriers to accessible health care continues to be important. We examined whether the built environment as reflected by Walk Score™ (a measure of walkability to neighborhood resources) and Transit Score™ (a measure of transit access) is associated with having a usual source of care among low-income adults, newly enrolled in Medicaid...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
W Douglas Evans, Jessica M Rath, Elizabeth C Hair, Jeremy Williams Snider, Lindsay Pitzer, Marisa Greenberg, Haijun Xiao, Jennifer Cantrell, Donna Vallone
Since 2000, the truth campaign has grown as a social marketing brand. Back then, truth employed branding to compete directly with the tobacco industry. In 2014, the launch of truth FinishIt reflected changes in the brand's strategy, the tobacco control environment, and youth/young adult behavior. Building on a previous validation study, the current study examined brand equity in truth FinishIt, as measured by validated multi-dimensional scales, and tobacco related attitudes, beliefs, and behavior based on two waves of the Truth Longitudinal Cohort data from 2015 and 2016...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Yujiao Mai, Selena Leonardo, Julia N Soulakova
We assessed differences in the rates of smoke-free homes among single-parent households with regard to parental race/ethnicity and smoking status. We identified two cohorts representative of the U.S. single-parent households with underage children (children under the age of 18) based on the Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey: 2010-11 (n = 6474) and 2014-15 (n = 6114). The interviews were conducted by phone and in-person. Statistical analysis was performed in 2017. The overall rate of smoke-free homes was 82% in 2010-11 and 86% in 2014-15...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Leanne Harris, Arlene M McGarty, Thessa Hilgenkamp, Fiona Mitchell, Craig A Melville
Sedentary behaviour is an independent risk factor for adverse health conditions. Adults with intellectual disabilities spend a high proportion of their day engaged in sedentary behaviour, however, there is limited evidence on potential correlates of objectively measured sedentary behaviour in this population group. In Glasgow, UK from July to September 2017, a secondary analysis of pooled baseline accelerometer data from two randomised controlled trials of lifestyle behaviour change programmes was conducted...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Monique Chaaya, Kieu Phung, Samir Atweh, Khalil El Asmar, Georges Karam, Rose Mary Khoury, Lilian Ghandour, Husam Ghusn, Sarah Assaad, Martin Prince, Gunhild Waldemar
Little evidence from the Arab region is available on dementia and its associated risk factors. This study is the first in Lebanon to examine the association between community older adults' socio-demographics and cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVDRF) and dementia in the aim of closing the knowledge gap. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in 2013 in Beirut and two districts of Mount Lebanon with 502 older adults (65 years and above) and their informants. Data was collected on CVDRF and socio-demographics using structured questionnaires and dementia was assessed using the 10/66 Dementia Research Group validated tools...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Lisa Kakinami, Lisa A Serbin, Dale M Stack, Shamal C Karmaker, Jane E Ledingham, Alex E Schwartzman
Both low socioeconomic status (SES) and behavioural problems in childhood are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adulthood, but their combined effects on CVD are unknown. Study objectives were to investigate the effect of neighbourhood level SES and behavioural problems during childhood on the development of CVD risk factors and events during adulthood. Participants were from a longitudinal cohort (n = 3792, baseline: 6-13 years of age) of Montreal children, followed from 1976 to 2010. SES was a composite measure of neighbourhood income, employment, education, and single-parent households separately assessed from census micro data sets in 1976, 2001, and 2006...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Ana M Progovac, Julie M Donohue, Karen A Matthews, Chung-Chou H Chang, Elizabeth B Habermann, Lewis H Kuller, Juliann Saquib, Michael J LaMonte, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Oleg Zaslavsky, Hilary A Tindle
Optimism and cynical hostility are associated with health behaviors and health outcomes, including morbidity and mortality. This analysis assesses their association with longitudinal vigorous physical activity (PA) in postmenopausal women of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI). Subjects include 73,485 women nationwide without history of cancer or cardiovascular disease (CVD), and no missing baseline optimism, cynical hostility, or PA data. The Life Orientation Test-Revised Scale measured optimism. A Cook Medley questionnaire subscale measured cynical hostility...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Louise L Hardy, Seema Mihrshahi, William Bellew, Adrian Bauman, Ding Ding
The aim of this study is to report the proportions of Australian children age 5-16 years meeting six health behavior recommendations associated with reducing risk of non-communicable disease. Data comes from a representative cross-sectional population survey conducted in 2015. Parents completed a health behavior questionnaire for children age < 10 years and adolescents age > 10 years self-reported. Adherence rates were calculated separately for children and adolescents on meeting recommendations for fruit (2-serves/day), vegetables (5-serves/day), physical activity (≥ 60 min/day), screen-time (< 2 h/day), oral health (brush-teeth twice daily) and sleep (children 9-11 h/night; adolescents: 8-10 h/night)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Christopher N Sciamanna, Andrew J Mowen, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Joshua M Smyth, Liza S Rovniak, David E Conroy, Kalen Kearcher, Courtney Redman, Matthew Silvis, Brandon J Auer, Ming Wang, Erik Lehman, Dino Messina
Fewer adults meet guidelines for aerobic physical activity, and many report a lack of enjoyment as a barrier. This survey was designed to determine the interest of primary care patients in participating in program designed to maximize enjoyment. Primary care patients (n = 540) in Central Pennsylvania reported their interest in participating in a "a regular fitness program where people your own age played games, such as softball, floor hockey and soccer, that were made to be easier to play and less competitive...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Swetha Sriram, Jennifer L St Sauver, Debra J Jacobson, Chun Fan, Brian A Lynch, Valeria Cristiani, Iftikhar J Kullo, Aida N Lteif, Seema Kumar
Unfavorable lipid levels during childhood are associated with subsequent development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The American Academy of Pediatrics and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute in 2011 recommended universal lipid screening for children between ages 9-11 years and between ages 17-21 years. The objective of the study was to determine temporal trends in lipid testing among children and young adults in a mid-western population. The Rochester Epidemiology Project database was used to identify lipid testing in ages 2-21 years (n = 51,176) in the Olmsted County population from January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2014...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Adam Hege, Richard W Christiana, Rebecca Battista, Hannah Parkhurst
People residing in rural communities are more likely to be physically inactive and subsequently have elevated risks for chronic disease. Recent evidence has shown this could stem from environmental barriers, inadequate programming and policies directed at the promotion of physical activity (PA) in rural settings. The objective of this research was to assess active living features in rural towns and townships (n = 16) across seven counties in northwestern North Carolina (NC). The study utilized the Town-Wide and Street Segment components of the Rural Active Living Assessment (RALA) as well as the 2014 American Community Survey results...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Justin B Moore, Angelie Cook, Kristyn Schuller, Yuanan Lu, Zhaokang Yuan, Jay E Maddock
Physical inactivity is a growing issue in Chinese youth, but parks can facilitate traditional and non-traditional forms of physical activity for little to no cost. Despite this opportunity, very little is known regarding park use among Chinese youth. The purpose of this study was to conduct a cross-sectional observational study of park usage and physical activity of youth in municipal parks in Nanchang, China. Data were collected in June of 2014 in eight parks across Nanchang, Jiangxi a large city in southeast China...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Dorthe O Klein, Roger J M W Rennenberg, Richard P Koopmans, Martin H Prins
Several trigger systems have been developed to screen medical records of hospitalized patients for adverse events (AEs). Because it's too labor-intensive to screen the records of all patients, usually a sample is screened. Our sample consists of patients who died during their stay because chances of finding preventable AEs in this subset are highest. Records were reviewed for fifteen triggers (n = 2182). When a trigger was present, the records were scrutinized by specialized medical doctors who searched for AEs...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Chelsea A Pelletier, Jenna Smith-Forrester, Tammy Klassen-Ross
The Indigenous population of Canada faces an increased burden of chronic disease, leading to decreased life expectancy. Physical activity is an important health behaviour that improves chronic disease risk factors and physical fitness. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate physical activity interventions in the Indigenous population in Canada to determine effects on physical activity rates, physical fitness, and health outcomes. MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and CINAHL were searched for peer-reviewed journal articles...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Desiree J Hooi, Chris J L M Meijer, Birgit I Witte, Igor Gomes Bravio, Herbert M Pinedo, Gemma G Kenter
In Curaçao, hysterectomies are frequently performed. A common reason for this procedure is the high incidence of leiomyomatosis. However in some cases the cervix is conserved. Following supravaginal hysterectomy most women discontinue cervical cancer screening because they think the cervix is not conserved. We aimed to get insight in the proportion of supravaginal hysterectomies and the level of awareness on the necessity to continue with cervical cancer screening in case of retained cervix. In 2014, data from all hysterectomies performed between 2003 and 2013 on Curaçao were collected...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Matthew Jerome, Kathleen F Janz, Barbara Baquero, Lucas J Carr
Excessive sedentary behavior has been associated with many negative health outcomes. While an understudied health topic, there is evidence that university students are excessively sedentary. Sit-stand desks have been shown to reduce sedentary time among pre-university students (ages 5-18 years) and sedentary workers but have not been tested in university classrooms. This study tested the effects of introducing sit-stand desks into a university classroom on student's classroom sitting and standing behaviors...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Julianna M Nemeth, Sarah Cooper, Amy Wermert, Abigail Shoben, Mary Ellen Wewers
Quitlines are successful tools for smoking cessation, but no known study has examined whether type of phone service (cell phone only (CPO) vs. landline (LL)) impacts quitline utilization, quit attempts, and sustained cessation. This report details an observational study examining the association between phone service and quitline utilization and cessation among Ohio Appalachian adults willing to quit smoking and enrolled in a cessation trial from 2010 to 2014. A secondary analysis was conducted with data obtained from smokers enrolled in the Ohio Tobacco Quitline arm of a group randomized trial (n = 345)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Jill S Litt, Jeffrey Richard Lambert, Deborah H Glueck
This study examined whether gardening modifies the association between age and body mass index (BMI). We used data from the Neighborhood Environments and Health Survey, which was conducted in Denver (N = 469) between 2006 and 2007. We fit two general linear mixed models. The base model had BMI in kg/m(2) as the outcome, and age, an indicator variable for non-gardening status and the age-by-non-gardening status interaction as predictors. The adjusted model included as covariates the potential confounders of education, ethnicity and self-reported health...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Alexa L Swailes, Erik B Lehman, Jennifer S McCall-Hosenfeld
In 2013, the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended routine intimate partner violence (IPV) screening for reproductive-age women. Given the increased attention paid to IPV on a national scale, and broader recognition of its social and physical implications, we sought to characterize the discussions resulting from routine IPV screening-specifically regarding provider response and patient perceptions. In a cross-sectional analysis, we implemented a survey to examine outcomes of IPV screening, including use of guideline-concordant discussion topics and interventions, as well as patient perception of the encounters...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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