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Preventive Medicine Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210539/participation-in-preventive-health-check-ups-among-19-351-women-in-germany
#1
Stefanie Schülein, Katherine J Taylor, Dirk Schriefer, Maria Blettner, Stefanie J Klug
In Germany, a biennial preventive health check-up has been available for individuals aged 35 and older since 1989. The check-up includes identification of cardiovascular disease risk factors and examinations for diabetes mellitus type 2 and kidney disease. Participation in preventive health check-ups among 19,351 women aged 35 to 74 in Germany in 2004 was investigated. Logistic regression was performed to examine associations between participation and age, marital status, education, socio-economic status (SES) and region of residence...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210538/patient-and-primary-care-provider-attitudes-and-adherence-towards-lung-cancer-screening-at-an-academic-medical-center
#2
Duy K Duong, Salma Shariff-Marco, Iona Cheng, Harris Naemi, Lisa M Moy, Robert Haile, Baldeep Singh, Ann Leung, Ann Hsing, Viswam S Nair
Low dose CT (LDCT) for lung cancer screening is an evidence-based, guideline recommended, and Medicare approved test but uptake requires further study. We therefore conducted patient and provider surveys to elucidate factors associated with utilization. Patients referred for LDCT at an academic medical center were questioned about their attitudes, knowledge, and beliefs on lung cancer screening. Adherent patients were defined as those who met screening eligibility criteria and completed a LDCT. Referring primary care providers within this same medical system were surveyed in parallel about their practice patterns, attitudes, knowledge and beliefs about screening...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210537/multilevel-predictors-of-colorectal-cancer-testing-modality-among-publicly-and-privately-insured-people-turning-50
#3
Stephanie B Wheeler, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Anne Marie Meyer, Christa E Martens, Kristen M Hassmiller Lich, Florence K L Tangka, Lisa C Richardson, Ingrid J Hall, Judith Lee Smith, Maria E Mayorga, Paul Brown, Trisha M Crutchfield, Michael P Pignone
Understanding multilevel predictors of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening test modality can help inform screening program design and implementation. We used North Carolina Medicare, Medicaid, and private, commercially available, health plan insurance claims data from 2003 to 2008 to ascertain CRC test modality among people who received CRC screening around their 50th birthday, when guidelines recommend that screening should commence for normal risk individuals. We ascertained receipt of colonoscopy, fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and fecal immunochemical test (FIT) from billing codes...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210536/race-and-place-differences-in-patients-hospitalized-with-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-is-there-double-jeopardy-findings-from-trace-core
#4
Robert J Goldberg, Joel M Gore, David D McManus, Richard McManus, Mayra Tisminetzky, Darleen Lessard, Jerry H Gurwitz, David C Parish, Jeroan Allison, Connie Ng Hess, Tracy Wang, Catarina Kiefe
The objectives of this longitudinal study were to examine differences between whites and blacks, and across two geographical regions, in the socio-demographic, clinical, and psychosocial characteristics, hospital treatment practices, and post-discharge mortality for hospital survivors of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In this prospective cohort study, we performed in-person interviews and medical record abstractions for patients discharged from the hospital after an ACS at participating sites in Central Massachusetts and Central Georgia during 2011-2013...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229038/geographic-area-based-rate-as-a-novel-indicator-to-enhance-research-and-precision-intervention-for-more-effective-hiv-aids-control
#5
Xinguang Chen, Kai Wang
Ending the HIV epidemic needs additional methods to better assess the incidence and prevalence of HIV infection. In this study, a new indicator - G-rate was developed for the evaluation of HIV epidemics across regions with regard to geographic area size. Different from the commonly used incidence and prevalence rates that assess the HIV epidemic with reference to population (termed as P rate in this study), G rate measures the number of new infections (incidence) or cases (prevalence) over a unit land area in one year...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229037/long-term-effects-of-a-ten-year-osteoporosis-intervention-program-in-a-swedish-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Ann-Charlotte Grahn Kronhed, Helena Salminen
The aim of the study was to explore long-term effects seven years after the completion of a ten-year community-based osteoporosis intervention program in Vadstena, Sweden. The association between calcaneal bone mineral density and several life style factors, and the impact of risk factors for sustaining a fracture after the age of 50 were also studied. Previous participants in the intervention group, and matched subjects were invited to calcaneal bone mass measurement by a portable device including the dual X-ray and laser (DXL) technology by Calscan, and to complete a questionnaire in 2006...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180056/patterns-and-predictors-of-sitting-time-over-ten-years-in-a-large-population-based-canadian-sample-findings-from-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study-camos
#7
Klaus Gebel, Sarah Pont, Ding Ding, Adrian E Bauman, Josephine Y Chau, Claudie Berger, Jerilynn C Prior
Our objective was to describe patterns and predictors of sedentary behavior (sitting time) over 10 years among a large Canadian cohort. Data are from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study, a prospective study of women and men randomly selected from the general population. Respondents reported socio-demographics, lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes in interviewer-administered questionnaires; weight and height were measured. Baseline data were collected between 1995 and 1997 (n = 9418; participation rate = 42%), and at 5- (n = 7648) and 10-year follow-ups (n = 5567)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180055/associations-among-physical-activity-screen-time-and-sleep-in-low-socioeconomic-status-urban-girls
#8
Cory J Greever, Matthew Ahmadi, John Sirard, Sofiya Alhassan
Insufficient sleep is associated with higher risk of poor health outcomes in low socioeconomic status (SES) urban elementary age girls. Decreased physical activity (PA) and increased screen time may be associated with poor sleep. This study examined if PA and screen time are associated with sleep in girls from a low SES urban community. Baseline data from 7 to 12 year-old girls (n = 55) from two interventions conducted in Springfield, MA between 2012 and 2015 were used. PA was measured via accelerometry for seven days...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149710/associations-of-objectively-measured-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-with-all-cause-mortality-in-a-population-of-adults-at-high-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Kishan Bakrania, Charlotte L Edwardson, Kamlesh Khunti, Joseph Henson, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Mark Hamer, Melanie J Davies, Thomas Yates
The relationships of physical activity and sedentary time with all-cause mortality in those at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are unexplored. To address this gap in knowledge, we examined the associations of objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time with all-cause mortality in a population of adults at high risk of T2DM. In 2010-2011, 712 adults (Leicestershire, U.K.), identified as being at high risk of T2DM, consented to be followed up for mortality...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149709/evaluation-of-a-health-promoting-schools-program-in-a-school-board-in-nova-scotia-canada
#10
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Tarra L Penney, Nicole Ata, Lori Munro-Sigfridson, Jane Cunningham, Paul J Veugelers, Kate Storey, Arto Ohinmaa, Sara F L Kirk, Stefan Kuhle
A Health promoting schools (HPS) approach aims to make schools a healthy place through a holistic approach that promotes a supportive 'school ethos' and emphasizes improvements in physical, social, and emotional well-being and educational outcomes. A HPS initiative in rural Nova Scotia (Canada) provided an opportunity for a population-level natural experiment. This study investigated student well-being and health behaviours between schools with and without HPS implementation and schools with high and low school ethos scores...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149708/social-correlates-of-leisure-time-sedentary-behaviours-in-canadian-adults
#11
S Huffman, M Szafron
Research on the correlates of sedentary behaviour among adults is needed to design health interventions to modify this behaviour. This study explored the associations of social correlates with leisure-time sedentary behaviour of Canadian adults, and whether these associations differ between different types of sedentary behaviour. A sample of 12,021 Canadian adults was drawn from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey, and analyzed using binary logistic regression to model the relationships that marital status, the presence of children in the household, and social support have with overall time spent sitting, using a computer, playing video games, watching television, and reading during leisure time...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138421/efficacy-and-retention-of-basic-life-support-education-including-automated-external-defibrillator-usage-during-a-physical-education-period
#12
Kae Watanabe, Dalia Lopez-Colon, Jonathan J Shuster, Joseph Philip
The American Heart Association (AHA) advocates for CPR education as a requirement of secondary school curriculum. Unfortunately, many states have not adopted CPR education. Our aim was to investigate a low-cost, time effective method to educate students on Basic Life Support (BLS), including reeducation. This is a prospective, randomized study. Retention was assessed at 4 months post-initial education. Education was performed by AHA-certified providers during a 45-minute physical education class in a middle school in Florida...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133601/determinants-of-hpv-vaccine-awareness-and-healthcare-providers-discussion-of-hpv-vaccine-among-females
#13
Chinedum O Ojinnaka, David A McClellan, Cynthia Weston, Katie Pekarek, Janet W Helduser, Jane N Bolin
Two human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines are available and can prevent 98% of HPV 16 and 18 infections. This study aimed to explore determinants of 1) HPV vaccine awareness among a cohort of low-income women participating in a cancer prevention program in Central Texas and compare them to United States residents; 2) determinants of healthcare providers' discussion of HPV vaccine among female residents of the United States. Bivariate and multivariable analysis of HPV vaccine awareness using survey data (n = 359) collected between 2014 and 2016 in Central Texas, and the Health Information and Nutrition Survey (HINTS) data which is a nationally representative dataset (unweighted n = 1214) collected in 2013 were conducted...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127528/persistent-prevalence-of-polycythemia-among-evacuees-4%C3%A2-years-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-follow-up-study
#14
Akira Sakai, Hironori Nakano, Tetsuya Ohira, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Seiji Yasumura, Akira Ohtsuru, Hiroaki Satoh, Yukihiko Kawasaki, Hitoshi Suzuki, Atsushi Takahashi, Yoshihiro Sugiura, Hiroaki Shishido, Yoshimitsu Hayashi, Hideto Takahashi, Gen Kobashi, Kotaro Ozasa, Shigeatsu Hashimoto, Hitoshi Ohto, Masafumi Abe
We previously reported that the lifestyle of evacuees significantly increased the prevalence of polycythemia compared with non-evacuees at an average of 1.6 years (2011-2012) from the previous annual health checkup before the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). Here we analyzed how the prolonged evacuation affected the prevalence of polycythemia an average of 2.5 years (2013-2014) after the previous data. Subjects were individuals aged 40-90 years living in the vicinity of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Fukushima Prefecture who had attended the annual health checkups since 2008...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127527/educating-parents-about-the-vaccination-status-of-their-children-a-user-centered-mobile-application
#15
Lea Seeber, Tim Conrad, Christian Hoppe, Patrick Obermeier, Xi Chen, Katharina Karsch, Susann Muehlhans, Franziska Tief, Sindy Boettcher, Sabine Diedrich, Brunhilde Schweiger, Barbara Rath
Parents are often uncertain about the vaccination status of their children. In times of vaccine hesitancy, vaccination programs could benefit from active patient participation. The Vaccination App (VAccApp) was developed by the Vienna Vaccine Safety Initiative, enabling parents to learn about the vaccination status of their children, including 25 different routine, special indication and travel vaccines listed in the WHO Immunization Certificate of Vaccination (WHO-ICV). Between 2012 and 2014, the VAccApp was validated in a hospital-based quality management program in Berlin, Germany, in collaboration with the Robert Koch Institute...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127526/social-differences-in-who-receives-questions-and-advice-about-smoking-habits-when-visiting-primary-care-results-from-a-population-based-study-in-sweden-in-2012
#16
Anu Molarius, Mats Hellstrand, Sevek Engström
The aim of this study was to examine whether there are social disparities in who receives questions and advice on smoking habits when visiting primary care and whether these disparities can be explained by differences in smoking habits. The study is based on 30,188 individuals aged 16-84 years who responded to a population survey questionnaire in 2012 in four counties in mid-Sweden (response rate 51%). Multivariate logistic regression models were used in statistical analyses. A total of 32% of those who visited a health care centre during the last three months reported that they were asked about their smoking habits during their latest visit, 6% received advice...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116229/compliance-with-washington-state-s-requirement-for-residential-carbon-monoxide-alarms
#17
Neil B Hampson, James R Holm
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in the US. In response, a majority of states have passed legislation in recent years requiring the installation of residential CO alarms. There is, however, no published information evaluating compliance with such laws. Employees of a Seattle medical center were surveyed in 2008 regarding home use of CO and smoke alarms. Washington State enacted legislation requiring residential CO alarms by all residences by January 1, 2013...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101444/accelerometer-data-treatment-for-adolescents-fitting-a-piece-of-the-puzzle
#18
Melody Smith, Steve Taylor, Leon Iusitini, Tom Stewart, Fa'asisila Savila, El-Shadan Tautolo, Lindsay Plank, Shabnam Jalili-Moghaddam, Janis Paterson, Elaine Rush
This study aimed to assess the differences in participant retention and associations between physical activity and key variables when a range of accelerometer data inclusion criteria are employed. Data were drawn from 204 adolescents of Pacific Island heritage (survey, body composition, 7-day accelerometry) and their parents (date of birth, socioeconomic status) between October 2014 and February 2016 in Auckland, New Zealand. Data wear time criteria for inclusion were as follows: A) > = 10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 5 days (at least one weekend day); B) > = 10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 4 days; C) > = 7 h/day, > = 3 days; D) > = 10 h/day, > = 1 day...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101443/national-physical-activity-surveillance-users-of-wearable-activity-monitors-as-a-potential-data-source
#19
John D Omura, Susan A Carlson, Prabasaj Paul, Kathleen B Watson, Janet E Fulton
The objective of this study was to assess usage patterns of wearable activity monitors among US adults and how user characteristics might influence physical activity estimates from this type of sample. We analyzed data on 3367 respondents to the 2015 HealthStyles survey, an annual consumer mail panel survey conducted on a nationwide sample. Approximately 1 in 8 respondents (12.5%) reported currently using a wearable activity monitor. Current use varied by sex, age, and education level. Use increased with physical activity level from 4...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083469/leisure-time-occupational-household-physical-activity-and-insulin-resistance-homair-in-the-midlife-in-the-united-states-midus-national-study-of-adults
#20
Vera K Tsenkova
Physical activity is a critical cornerstone of successful diabetes prevention and management. Current U.S. physical activity guidelines do not differentiate among physical activity for leisure, work, or other purposes, effectively implying that physical activity in any domain confers the same health benefits. It is currently unknown whether physical activity performed in different domains (leisure-time physical activity = LTPA, occupational physical activity = OPA, and household physical activity = HPA) is associated with insulin resistance...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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