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Preventive Medicine Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435785/impact-of-a-brief-intervention-on-cervical-health-literacy-a-waitlist-control-study-with-jailed-women
#1
Megha Ramaswamy, Jaehoon Lee, Joi Wickliffe, Molly Allison, Amanda Emerson, Patricia J Kelly
Jailed women are four-five times more likely to have had cervical cancer compared to women without criminal justice histories. Previous research has shown that an important contributor to cervical cancer risk, and perhaps lack of follow-up, is incarcerated women's low health literacy about broader reproductive health issues. Little work has been done to address this disparity. Thus, the objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of an intervention to improve incarcerated women's cervical health literacy and ultimately address cervical cancer disparities...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435784/school-food-environment-quality-and-advertisement-frequency-of-child-oriented-packaged-products-within-walking-distance-of-public-schools
#2
Benjamin Missbach, Caterina Pachschwöll, Daniel Kuchling, Jürgen König
Food marketing for children is a major concern for public health nutrition and many schools make efforts to increase healthy eating. Food environments surrounding schools in urban areas may undermine these efforts for healthy nutrition within school programs. Our study aim is to describe the nutrition environment within walking distance of schools in terms of food quality and food marketing and to explore the degree to which elements of the nutrition environment varies by proximity to schools. In a cross-sectional study, we analyzed the surrounding food environments of a convenience sample of 46 target schools within 950m walking distance in 7 different urban districts across Vienna, Austria...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435783/hypertension-among-asians-in-los-angeles-county-findings-from-a-multiyear-survey
#3
Yajun Du, Margaret Shih, Amy S Lightstone, Susie Baldwin
Few studies have examined the prevalence of hypertension among Asians living in the United States. Multiyear data from the Los Angeles County Health Survey were used to investigate the prevalence of hypertension among Asians and Asian subgroups, and risk factors associated with the disease, using descriptive analysis and multivariate logistic regression. Age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension in Asians was 23.4%. Among Asian subgroups, age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension was lowest among Chinese (20.0%), and highest among Filipinos (32...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417062/community-partnerships-in-healthy-eating-and-lifestyle-promotion-a-network-analysis
#4
Ruopeng An, Emily Loehmer, Naiman Khan, Marci K Scott, Kimbirly Rindfleisch, Jennifer McCaffrey
Promoting healthy eating and lifestyles among populations with limited resources is a complex undertaking that often requires strong partnerships between various agencies. In local communities, these agencies are typically located in different areas, serve diverse subgroups, and operate distinct programs, limiting their communication and interactions with each other. This study assessed the network of agencies in local communities that promote healthy eating and lifestyles among populations with limited resources...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409091/pilot-survey-of-a-novel-incentive-to-promote-healthy-behavior-among-school-children-and-their-parents
#5
Byung-Kwang Yoo, Takuya Hasebe, Minchul Kim, Tomoko Sasaki, Dennis M Styne
Reversing the obesity epidemic has been a persistent global public health challenge, particularly among low socioeconomic status populations and racial/ethnic minorities. We developed a novel concept of community-based incentives to approach this problem in such communities. Applying this concept, we proposed a school intervention to promote obesity prevention in the U.S. We conducted a pilot survey to explore attitudes towards this future intervention. The survey was collected as a nonprobability sample (N = 137 school-aged children (5-12 years)) in northern California in July 2013...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409090/the-smarter-pilot-study-testing-feasibility-of-real-time-feedback-for-dietary-self-monitoring
#6
Lora E Burke, Yaguang Zheng, Qianheng Ma, Juliet Mancino, India Loar, Edvin Music, Mindi Styn, Linda Ewing, Brian French, Dan Sieworek, Asim Smailagic, Susan M Sereika
Self-monitoring (SM) of food intake is central to weight loss treatment. Technology makes it possible to reinforce this behavior change strategy by providing real-time feedback (FB) tailored to the diary entry. To test the feasibility of providing 1-4 daily FB messages tailored to dietary recordings via a smartphone, we conducted a 12-week pilot randomized clinical trial in Pittsburgh, PA in US in 2015. We compared 3 groups: SM using the Lose It! smartphone app (Group 1); SM + FB (Group 2); and SM + FB + attending three in-person group sessions (Group 3)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409089/comparative-effectiveness-of-guided-weight-loss-and-physical-activity-monitoring-for-weight-loss-and-metabolic-risks-a-pilot-study
#7
Karissa L Peyer, Laura D Ellingson, Kathryn Bus, Sarah A Walsh, Warren D Franke, Gregory J Welk
Many consumer-based physical activity monitors (PAMs) are available but it is not clear how to use them to most effectively promote weight loss. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare the effectiveness of a personal PAM, a guided weight loss program (GWL), and the combination of these approaches on weight loss and metabolic risk. Participants completed the study in two cohorts: Fall 2010 and Spring 2011. A sample of 72 obese individuals in the Ames, IA area were randomized to one of 3 conditions: 1) (GWL, N = 31), 2) PAM, N = 29, or 3) a combination group (PAM + GWL, N = 29)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409088/city-scale-climate-change-policies-do-they-matter-for-wellbeing
#8
Rosemary Hiscock, Arja Asikainen, Jouni Tuomisto, Matti Jantunen, Erkki Pärjälä, Clive E Sabel
Climate change mitigation policies aim to reduce climate change through reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions whereas adaption policies seek to enable humans to live in a world with increasingly variable and more extreme climatic conditions. It is increasingly realised that enacting such policies will have unintended implications for public health, but there has been less focus on their implications for wellbeing. Wellbeing can be defined as a positive mental state which is influenced by living conditions...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409087/favourable-outcomes-of-a-preventive-screening-and-counselling-programme-for-older-people-in-underprivileged-areas-in-the-netherlands-the-primus-project
#9
D J Annemarie van Dijk, Matty R Crone, Pepijn van Empelen, Willem J Assendelft, Barend J Middelkoop
An aging population is associated with an increased prevalence of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and depression. Important aspects of programmes targeted at older people are: to reach those at risk, effective screening, optimising advice, and referral to local interventions. We examined the effect of a preventive health consultation (PRIMUS), a multi-behavioural screening programme for persons aged 55-74 years in primary care. In a multi-centre randomised controlled trial, the effects of participating in the PRIMUS intervention were compared to a comparison group receiving personalised summaries and advice by postal mail, both preceded by a health risk assessment via a questionnaire...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392993/patterns-of-marijuana-and-tobacco-use-associated-with-suboptimal-self-rated-health-among-us-adult-ever-users-of-marijuana
#10
James Tsai, Italia V Rolle, Tushar Singh, Sheree L Boulet, Timothy A McAfee, Althea M Grant
The purpose of this study was to examine the patterns of marijuana and tobacco use and their associations with suboptimal self-rated health (SRH) among US adults who reported "ever, even once, using marijuana or hashish." Data came from the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, restricting to respondents aged 20 years and older who reported using marijuana at least once in their lifetime (n = 3,210). We assessed the age-adjusted prevalence of mutually exclusive groups of regular (at least once a month for more than one year) and non-regular marijuana smoking by current (serum cotinine ≥ 3...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377852/impact-of-schoolchildren-s-involvement-in-the-design-process-on-the-effectiveness-of-healthy-food-promotion-materials
#11
Christopher R Gustafson, Bryce M Abbey, Kate A Heelan
Marketing techniques may improve children's vegetable consumption. However, student participation in the design of marketing materials may increase the material's salience, while also improving children's commitment and attitudes towards healthy eating. The impact of student-led design of vegetable promotional materials on choice and consumption was investigated using 1614 observations of students' vegetable choice and plate waste in four public elementary schools in Kearney, Nebraska. Data were collected on children's vegetable choice and consumption in four comparison groups: 1) control; 2) students designed materials only; 3) students were exposed to promotional materials only; and 4) students designed materials that were then posted in the lunchroom...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377851/lifestyle-changes-and-prevention-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-heart-of-new-ulm-project
#12
Jeffrey J VanWormer, Jackie L Boucher, Abbey C Sidebottom, Arthur Sillah, Thomas Knickelbine
Prior research has shown that unhealthy lifestyles increase the risk for developing a number of chronic diseases, but there are few studies examining how lifestyle changes impact metabolic syndrome. This study analyzed the association between two-year changes in key lifestyle risk metrics and incident metabolic syndrome in adults. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from metabolic syndrome free adults in the Heart of New Ulm Project (New Ulm, MN). The outcome was incident metabolic syndrome observed two years after baseline in 2009...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377850/household-expenditures-on-dietary-supplements-sold-for-weight-loss-muscle-building-and-sexual-function-disproportionate-burden-by-gender-and-income
#13
S Bryn Austin, Kimberly Yu, Selena Hua Liu, Fan Dong, Nathan Tefft
Dietary supplements sold for weight loss (WL), muscle building (MB), and sexual function (SF) are not medically recommended. They have been shown to be ineffective in many cases and pose serious health risks to consumers due to adulteration with banned substances, prescription pharmaceuticals, and other dangerous chemicals. Yet no prior research has investigated how these products may disproportionately burden individuals and families by gender and socioeconomic position across households. We investigated household (HH) cost burden of dietary supplements sold for WL, MB, and SF in a cross-sectional study using data from 60,538 U...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377849/tobacco-use-and-preferences-for-wellness-programs-among-health-aides-and-other-employees-of-an-alaska-native-health-corporation-in-western-alaska
#14
Christi A Patten, Carrie A Bronars, Matthew Scott, Rahnia Boyer, Harry Lando, Matthew M Clark, Kenneth Resnicow, Paul A Decker, Tabetha A Brockman, Agnes Roland, Marcelo Hanza
This study assessed health behaviors and preferences for wellness programs among employees of a worksite serving Alaska Native-people. Village-based Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) were compared with all other employees on health indicators and program preferences. Using a cross-sectional design, all 1290 employees at the Yukon Kuskokwim Health Corporation (YKHC) in Western Alaska were invited in 2015 to participate in a 30-item online survey. Items assessed health behaviors, perceived stress, resiliency, and preferences for wellness topics and program delivery formats...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377848/childhood-predictors-of-adolescent-behaviour-the-prospective-association-of-familial-factors-with-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines
#15
Helen Elizabeth Brown, Kirsten Corder, Andrew J Atkin, Esther M F van Sluijs
Little is known about the longitudinal association of familial socio-demographic factors, behaviours, attitudes, or home environment with meeting physical activity guidelines. Our objective was to a) describe 4-year change in the prevalence of meeting guidelines, and characteristics of participants across categories of physical activity maintenance, and b) identify familial factors in childhood that are longitudinally associated with meeting guidelines in adolescence. Data on 17 parent- and child-reported family variables and objectively measured physical activity (ActiGraph GT1M) were available from 406 children (10...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377847/participation-and-retention-in-the-breast-cancer-screening-program-in-new-brunswick-canada
#16
James Ted McDonald, Yunli Wang, Zikuan Liu
New Brunswick (NB) Canada uses its breast cancer screening service program to assess the extent to which eligible NB women are complying with mammography guidelines. While many studies have investigated factors associated with participation in periodic breast cancer screening in Canada and elsewhere, most work has relied on self-reported surveys or smaller scale primary data collection. Using a longitudinal administrative dataset for NB over the period 1996-2011 of 255,789 eligible women aged 45-69, this study examined demographic, socioeconomic and geographic factors associated with initial participation in regular screening at age 50 and ongoing retention in the program...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373931/piloting-a-mobile-health-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-for-adolescents-with-adhd
#17
Erin Schoenfelder, Megan Moreno, Molly Wilner, Kathryn B Whitlock, Jason A Mendoza
Physical activity (PA) reduces symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); interventions to increase PA may improve functioning and health for adolescents with ADHD. Mobile health (mHealth) technology and social media constitute promising interactive modalities for engaging adolescents-who are at highest risk for ADHD treatment drop-out-in interventions to increase PA. The current pilot study evaluated feasibility and acceptability of an innovative intervention incorporating an mHealth-linked wearable activity tracker (Fitbit Flex) and a Facebook group to increase PA among adolescents with ADHD...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373930/risk-of-mortality-and-recurrent-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-on-high-intensity-statin-treatment
#18
J Rockberg, L Jørgensen, B Taylor, P Sobocki, G Johansson
Several randomized controlled trials have shown a benefit of high-dose intensive statin treatment in reducing risk of death and second cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in patients previously diagnosed with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Non-randomized studies in clinical settings support these findings, but large, long-term, observational studies addressing CVD and non-CVD endpoints are lacking. In this retrospective longitudinal study, we followed ACS patients in Sweden during 2001-2012 using national health registry and medical record data...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373929/work-related-correlates-of-occupational-sitting-in-a-diverse-sample-of-employees-in-midwest-metropolitan-cities
#19
Lin Yang, J Aaron Hipp, Jung Ae Lee, Rachel G Tabak, Elizabeth A Dodson, Christine M Marx, Ross C Brownson
The worksite serves as an ideal setting to reduce sedentary time. Yet little research has focused on occupational sitting, and few have considered factors beyond the personal or socio-demographic level. The current study i) examined variation in occupational sitting across different occupations, ii) explored whether worksite level factors (e.g., employer size, worksite supports and policies) may be associated with occupational sitting. Between 2012 and 2013, participants residing in four Missouri metropolitan areas were interviewed via telephone and provided information on socio-demographic characteristics, schedule flexibility, occupation, work related factors, and worksite supports and policies...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367400/association-of-body-composition-assessed-by-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-with-metabolic-risk-factor-clustering-among-middle-aged-chinese
#20
Linfeng Zhang, Zengwu Wang, Zuo Chen, Xin Wang, Manlu Zhu
Body composition monitor (BCM) based on the bioelectric impedance analysis is very convenient to use. However, whether percentage body fat (PBF) and visceral fat index (VFI) that acquired by BCM are superior to anthropometric measures is unknown. The study explored whether PBF and VFI are better than anthropometric indexes [body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist circumference to height ratio(WHtR)] in predicating metabolic risk factor clustering in a representive sample across China which included 9574 Chinese men and women that were investigated in 2009-2010...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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