journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preventive Medicine Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626626/television-viewing-time-among-statin-users-and-non-users-the-polish-norwegian-study-pons
#1
Georgeta D Vaidean, Sandeep S Vansal, Marta Manczuk
Sedentary behavior has emerged as an independent cardiovascular disease risk factor. Uncertainty exists about the behaviors of statin users, who may exhibit either a healthy adherer or a false reassurance effect. We conducted this study in order to assess and compare TV viewing among statin users and nonusers. We used data from a cross-sectional study of 12,754 participants, from south-east Poland, age 45 to 64 years in 2010-11. Statin use during last 30 days was recorded by trained nurses. Participants reported time spent viewing TV/week...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626625/engagement-in-health-and-wellness-an-online-incentive-based-program
#2
Teresa B Gibson, J Ross Maclean, Ginger S Carls, Brian J Moore, Emily D Ehrlich, Victoria Fener, Jordan Goldberg, Elaine Mechanic, Colin Baigel
Increasingly, corporate health promotion programs are implementing wellness programs integrating principles of behavioral economics. Employees of a large firm were provided a customized online incentive program to design their own commitments to meet health goals. This study examines patterns of program participation and engagement in health promotion activities. Subjects were US-based employees of a large, nondurable goods manufacturing firm who were enrolled in corporate health benefits in 2010 and 2011. We assessed measures of engagement with the workplace health promotion program (e...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593129/associations-between-green-area-in-school-neighbourhoods-and-overweight-and-obesity-among-norwegian-adolescents
#3
Christine Koteng Wilhelmsen, Katrine Skalleberg, Ruth Kjærsti Raanaas, Håvard Tveite, Geir Aamodt
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between green areas and adolescents' body mass index (BMI). This is based on the notion that nature environment is known to have beneficial effects on human health, and that some of the explanation for this is that green areas are especially motivating or suitable as arenas for physical activity. We included 10,527 participants from the Norwegian Youth Study, which was conducted between 2001 and 2004. The participants reported body weight, height, and important potential confounding variables about lifestyle, family situation, and neighbourhood characteristics...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593128/including-mobile-only-telephone-users-in-a-statewide-preventive-health-survey-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-health-risk-factors-and-impact-on-trends
#4
Bernard Baffour, Tim Roselli, Michele Haynes, Joshua J Bon, Mark Western, Susan Clemens
The Queensland preventive health survey is conducted annually to monitor the prevalence of behavioural risk factors in the north-east Australian state. Prompted by domestic and international trends in mobile telephone usage, the 2015 survey incorporated both mobile and landline telephone numbers from a list-based sampling frame. Estimates for landline-accessible and mobile-only respondents are compared to assess potential bias in landline-only surveys in the context of public health surveillance. Significant differences were found in subcategories of all health prevalence estimates considered (alcohol consumption, body mass index, smoking, and physical activity) from 2015 survey results...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593127/cessation-related-weight-concern-among-homeless-male-and-female-smokers
#5
Erika Ashley Pinsker, Deborah Jane Hennrikus, Darin J Erickson, Kathleen Thiede Call, Jean Lois Forster, Kolawole Stephen Okuyemi
Concern about post-cessation weight gain is a barrier to making attempts to quit smoking; however, its effect on smoking cessation is unclear. In this study we examine cessation-related weight concern among the homeless, which hasn't been studied. Homeless males (n = 320) and females (n = 110) participating in a smoking cessation RCT in the Twin Cities, Minnesota from 2009 to 2011 completed surveys on cessation-related weight concern, smoking status, and components from the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593126/aerobic-fitness-and-metabolic-health-in-children-a-clinical-validation-of-directly-measured-maximal-oxygen-consumption-versus-performance-measures-as-markers-of-health
#6
Eivind Aadland, Olav Martin Kvalheim, Tarja Rajalahti, Turid Skrede, Geir Kåre Resaland
High aerobic fitness is consistently associated with a favorable metabolic health profile in children. However, measurement of oxygen uptake, regarded as the gold standard for evaluating aerobic fitness, is often not feasible. Thus, the aim of the present study was to perform a clinical validation of three measures of aerobic fitness (peak oxygen consumption [VO2peak] and time to exhaustion [TTE] determined from a graded treadmill protocol to exhaustion, and the Andersen intermittent running test) with clustered metabolic health in 10-year-old children...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593125/physiological-health-parameters-among-college-students-to-promote-chronic-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion
#7
David R Black, Daniel C Coster, Samantha R Paige
This study aimed to provide physiologic health risk parameters by gender and age among college students enrolled in a U.S. Midwestern University to promote chronic disease prevention and ameliorate health. A total of 2615 college students between 18 and 25 years old were recruited annually using a series of cross-sectional designs during the spring semester over an 8-year period. Physiologic parameters measured included body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat (%BF), blood serum cholesterol (BSC), and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593124/pragmatic-evaluation-of-the-go2play-active-play-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-fundamental-movement-skills-in-children
#8
Avril Johnstone, Adrienne R Hughes, Xanne Janssen, John J Reilly
Active play is a novel approach to addressing low physical activity levels and fundamental movement skills (FMS) in children. This study aimed to determine if a new school-based, 'Go2Play Active Play' intervention improved school day physical activity and FMS. This was a pragmatic evaluation conducted in Scotland during 2015-16. Participants (n = 172; mean age = 7 years) were recruited from seven primary schools taking part in the 5-month intervention, plus 24 participants not receiving the intervention were recruited to act as a comparison group...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593123/socio-demographic-predictors-of-residential-fire-and-unwillingness-to-call-the-fire-service-in-new-south-wales
#9
W Kathy Tannous, Kingsley Agho
In most industrialised countries, the majority of fire-related deaths and injuries occur in the home. Australia has implemented fire prevention programs and strategies, including the use of smoke alarms, to minimise this burden. The number of reported house fires has declined over the past decade. However, there is a growing recognition that unreported fires are important in the estimation of total fire hazards and their associated injuries. This current study used data from the 2014 New South Wales (NSW) Population Health Survey, a yearly telephone survey, consisting of 14,732 survey respondents...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593122/trends-over-time-in-enrollment-in-non-group-health-insurance-plans-by-tobacco-use-in-the-united-states
#10
Michael F Pesko, Johanna Catherine Maclean, Cameron M Kaplan, Steven C Hill
Healthcare.gov was created to facilitate the market for non-group insurance in states that did not establish their own marketplaces. In Healthcare.gov, families are asked to report their tobacco use status, and tobacco use surcharges of up to 50% may result. We tabulate enrollment information for 35 states offering insurance plans through Healthcare.gov in both 2014 and 2016. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services provided counts of enrollees indicating tobacco use, by state, year, and risk level. The number of enrollees increased from 5...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593121/adherence-support-strategies-for-exercise-interventions-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Veronika van der Wardt, Jennie Hancox, Dawid Gondek, Pip Logan, Roshan das Nair, Kristian Pollock, Rowan Harwood
Exercise-based therapy may improve health status for people with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) or dementia but cannot work without adherence, which has proven difficult. This review aimed to evaluate strategies to support adherence among people with MCI or Dementia and was completed in Nottingham/UK in 2017. A narrative synthesis was used to investigate the effectiveness or usefulness of adherence support strategies. Fifteen adherence support strategies were used including theoretical underpinning (programmes based on behavior change theories), individual tailoring, worksheets and exercise booklets, goal setting, phone calls or reminders, newsletters, support to overcome exercise barriers, information, adaptation periods, individual supervision, support for clinicians, group setting, music, accelerometers/pedometers and emphasis on enjoyable activities...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593120/addition-of-estimated-cardiorespiratory-fitness-to-the-clinical-assessment-of-10-year-coronary-heart-disease-risk-in-asymptomatic-men
#12
Jennifer C Gander, Xuemei Sui, James R Hébert, Carl J Lavie, Linda J Hazlett, Bo Cai, Steven N Blair
The Framingham Risk Score (FRS) was developed to quantify a patient's coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Non-exercise estimated CRF (e-CRF) may provide a clinically practical method for describing cardiorespiratory fitness. We computed e-CRF and tested its association with the FRS and CHD. Male participants (n = 29,854) in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS) who completed a baseline examination between 1979-2002 were followed for 12 years to determine incident CHD defined by self-report of myocardial infarction, revascularization, or CHD mortality...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593119/provider-patient-communication-about-zika-during-prenatal-visits
#13
Fangjian Guo, Alexander R Norton, Erika L Fuchs, Jacqueline M Hirth, Mariano A Garcia-Blanco, Abbey B Berenson
Zika virus transmission within and between the Americas is of global concern. This study assessed knowledge about the Zika virus among pregnant women in the United States, their travel plans to endemic areas, and whether their health care providers discussed Zika with them. This cross-sectional study used data from 492 pregnant women (18-50 years) from an online survey conducted from April 8 to July 27, 2016. Pregnant women were recruited online through Facebook, Twitter, Craigslist, and Reddit. Almost all (97...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593118/ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-peripheral-artery-disease-in-african-americans-results-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#14
Tracie C Collins, David P Slovut, Robert Newton, William D Johnson, Sandra Larrivee, Jeremy Patterson, Judy A Johnston, Adolfo Correa
We sought to determine the association of Life's Simple Seven (LSS) with peripheral artery disease (PAD) in African Americans. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data (2000-2004) from subjects participating in the Jackson Heart Study. African American men and women (N = 4403) age 35-84 years participated in the study. PAD was defined by an ankle-brachial index (ABI) of < 0.9. We assessed frequency of LSS (body mass index [BMI], blood pressure, total cholesterol, glucose, dietary habits, physical activity, and smoking) among participants with and without PAD...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593117/seasonality-in-swimming-and-cycling-exploring-a-limitation-of-accelerometer-based-studies
#15
Flo Harrison, Andrew J Atkin, Esther M F van Sluijs, Andy P Jones
Accelerometer-based studies of children's physical activity have reported seasonal patterns in activity levels. However, the inability of many accelerometers to detect activity while the wearer is swimming or cycling may introduce a bias to the estimation of seasonality if participation in these activities are themselves seasonally patterned. We explore seasonal patterns in children's swimming and cycling among a sample of 7-8 year olds (N = 591) participating in the Millennium Cohort Study, UK. Participating children wore an accelerometer for one week on up to five occasions over the year and their parents completed a diary recording daily minutes spent swimming and cycling...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540162/effect-of-brand-and-advertising-medium-on-demand-for-e-cigarettes-evidence-from-an-experimental-auction
#16
Matthew C Rousu, Richard O'Connor, Jay Corrigan
Print and television advertisements for e-cigarettes are currently legal in the United States. Given that e-cigarettes are a lower-risk alternative to cigarettes, these ads could have a positive public health impact if they motivate smokers to switch to e-cigarettes. However, the public health impact of e-cigarette ads could be negative if ads increase demand for both e-cigarettes and cigarettes. We use experimental auctions -in which participants bid in real auctions and winners pay for the items they purchase - to study the effect of print and TV e-cigarettes ads on demand for the brand from the ad, for another e-cigarettes brand, and for cigarettes...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540161/choctaw-nation-youth-sun-exposure-survey
#17
Dorothy A Rhoades, Martina Hawkins, Barbara Norton, Dannielle Branam, Tamela K Cannady, Justin Dvorak, Kai Ding, Ardis L Olson, Mark P Doescher
The incidence of skin cancer is rising among American Indians (AI) but the prevalence of harmful ultraviolet light (UVL) exposures among AI youth is unknown. In 2013, UVL exposures, protective behaviors, and attitudes toward tanning were assessed among 129 AI and Non-Hispanic (NHW) students in grades 8-12 in Southeastern Oklahoma. Sunburn was reported by more than half the AI students and most of the NHW students. One-third of AI students reported never using sunscreen, compared to less than one-fifth of NHW students, but racial differences were mitigated by propensity to burn...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507891/discordance-in-perceived-risk-and-epidemiological-outcomes-of-prostate-cancer-among-african-american-men
#18
LaShanta J Rice, Melanie Jefferson, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Jerry C Johnson, Sebastiano Gattoni-Celli, Stephen J Savage, Michael Lilly, Sandip M Prasad, Rick Kittles, Chanita Hughes Halbert
As guidelines for prostate cancer screening have changed from an annual screening recommendation starting at age 50 to discussing the benefits and harms of screening with health care providers, it is necessary to examine other types of factors that are important to prostate cancer screening decisions among African American men. Perceived risk of developing cancer has been shown to predict cancer control behaviors and is lower among African Americans. We characterized perceived risk of developing prostate cancer among African American men from November 2009 to 2011 and evaluated the relationship between prostate cancer risk perceptions and sociodemographic characteristics, health care experiences, and knowledge and exposure to health information about cancer...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593116/bridging-the-gap-between-clinical-practice-and-public-health-using-ehr-data-to-assess-trends-in-the-seasonality-of-blood-pressure-control
#19
Aurora O Amoah, Sonia Y Angell, Hannah Byrnes-Enoch, Sam Amirfar, Phoenix Maa, Jason J Wang
Electronic health records (EHRs) provide timely access to millions of patient data records while limiting errors associated with manual data extraction. To demonstrate these advantages of EHRs to public health practice, we examine the ability of a EHR calculated blood-pressure (BP) measure to replicate seasonal variation as reported by prior studies that used manual data extraction. Our sample included 609 primary-care practices in New York City. BP control among hypertensives was defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 or less and diastolic blood pressure of 90 or less (BP < 140/90 mm Hg)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507890/hand-washing-with-soap-and-wash-educational-intervention-reduces-under-five-childhood-diarrhoea-incidence-in-jigjiga-district-eastern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Abdiwahab Hashi, Abera Kumie, Janvier Gasana
Despite the tremendous achievement in reducing child mortality and morbidity in the last two decades, diarrhoea is still a major cause of morbidity and mortality among children in many developing countries, including Ethiopia. Hand washing with soap promotion, water quality improvements and improvements in excreta disposal significantly reduces diarrhoeal diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of hand washing with soap and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) educational Intervention on the incidence of under-five children diarrhoea...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
journal
journal
49606
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"