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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114644/arthroscopic-reduction-with-endobutton-fixation-for-glenoid-fracture
#1
REVIEW
Ettore Taverna, Vincenzo Guarrella, Michael Thomas Freehill, Guido Garavaglia
Glenoid rim fractures, accompanied by acute glenohumeral dislocation or subluxation usually results in persistent instability. Traditionally open reduction and internal fixation has been recommended in displaced intra-articular glenoid fractures. However, open reduction is difficult, and it may not be possible to address the associated intra-articular soft-tissue injuries. A few reports of arthroscopic-assisted fixation of these fractures have been recently published. The most anatomic method for addressing an acute glenoid rim lesion is a reduction (either open or arthroscopic) and internal fixation...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114643/analytical-evaluation-of-a-vancomycin-immunoassay-in-synovial-fluid
#2
REVIEW
Francesca Luceri, Fiamma Balboni, Giovanni Balato, Paola Pezzati, Nicoletta Cini, Gianni Virgili, Andrea Baldini
In clinical laboratories performing routine activities, the need to answer the burning clinical question in emerging field may be limited by lack of technology support or assays accessibility. Commercially available methods, although originally validated for specific biological matrices, may be employed for other matrices, following appropriate guidelines such as Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) EP 19. We investigated the use of a vancomycin assay with synovial fluid samples, in view of a possible employment in vancomycin release study...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114642/two-stage-treatment-of-a-large-pelvic-cystic-pseudotumor-in-a-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Umberto Cottino, Federico Dettoni, Salvatore Risitano, Antonio Marmotti, Roberto Rossi
The authors report a case of a huge cystic pseudotumor, surrounding a failed metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty (THA). The cyst surrounded the hip anteriorly, occupied part of the anterior portion of the thigh, and extended to the anterolateral aspect of the abdomen. The case was treated by a two-stage procedure. The first stage consisted of a percutaneous drainage of the fluid content of the cyst (∼1,200 mL). This procedure reduced the risk of tearing the cyst capsule spreading the liquid in the tissues surrounding the THA, and in the abdomen...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114641/transient-common-peroneal-and-tibial-nerve-palsy-following-knee-arthroscopy-for-the-treatment-of-discoid-lateral-meniscus
#4
Gabriele Bernardi, Cosimo Tudisco
The number of knee arthroscopies has increased rapidly since the 1980s and are among the most common orthopedic procedures today. It is generally considered a minimally invasive surgery with relatively low morbidity, but it is not without risk of complications. We report the case of a 14-year-old boy who developed a lesion of common peroneal nerve and tibial nerve after knee arthroscopy for a torn discoid lateral meniscus, which was confirmed by electromyogram study.
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114640/evolution-of-osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-lateral-femoral-condyle-combined-with-discoid-meniscus
#5
Erica Bulgheroni, Lorenzo Mattioli, Paolo Bulgheroni
The discoid meniscus is a rare anomaly of the knee that affects mostly the lateral meniscus and is often asymptomatic. The osteochondritis dissecans is a disorder of the subchondral bone and articular cartilage and occurs frequently associated with the discoid lateral meniscus. In the present case, we showed the evolution of this association related to surgical treatment. A patient with lateral knee pain and a magnetic resonance depicting a torn discoid lateral meniscus and osteochondritis dissecans of the lateral femoral condyle was treated with partial meniscectomy and meniscal sutures...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114639/knee-septic-arthritis-after-arthroscopy-incidence-risk-factors-functional-outcome-and-infection-eradication-rate
#6
REVIEW
G Balato, S L Di Donato, T Ascione, A D'Addona, F Smeraglia, G Di Vico, D Rosa
Purpose  Septic knee arthritis following arthroscopy is a rare but dreaded complication. Definition and management of knee deep infections are quite discussed in literature. In this review, literature regarding infections after knee arthroscopy is analyzed highlighting the incidence, causative bacteria, risk factors as well as clinical outcomes. Methods  We performed a review of the literature matching the following key words: "septic arthritis" OR "infection" AND "arthroscopy" AND "knee." Knee arthroscopic procedures, such as debridement, meniscectomy, meniscus repair, synovectomy, microfracture, and lateral release, were considered...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114638/how-to-manage-a-failed-cartilage-repair-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Donato Rosa, Sigismondo Luca Di Donato, Giovanni Balato, Alessio D'Addona, Francesco Smeraglia, Gaetano Correra, Gianni Di Vico
Purpose  The aims of this paper are to report the rate and risk factors for the failure of the most common cartilage repair technique, and analyze the most important factors that could influence the choice of a specific surgical treatment to revise a failed cartilage repair. Methods  A review of the literature was performed focusing on failed cartilage repair and related treatments. Two of the authors independently screened articles. Conflicts about the inclusion of a paper was resolved by further evaluation by the senior author...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114637/percutaneous-fat-transfer-to-treat-knee-osteoarthritis-symptoms-preliminary-results
#8
Ezio Adriani, Mariagrazia Moio, Berardino Di Paola, Walter Salustri, Andrea Alfieri, Paola Parisi, Marco Ruggiero, Zack Borab, Bruno Carlesimo
Purpose  This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of autologous aspirated and purified fat tissue injected percutaneously into the knee joint for the treatment of symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA). Methods  We reviewed 30 patients, who received an autologous percutaneous fat injection for the treatment of knee OA, from January 2012 to March 2015. Mean patients' age was 63.3 ± 5.3 years (range, 50-80 years). Body mass index was 25.1 ± 1.7. Clinical evaluation was based on pain visual analog scale (VAS) and WOMAC score for functional and subjective assessment...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114636/accuracy-of-coracoid-bone-graft-placement-open-versus-arthroscopic-latarjet
#9
Adriano Russo, Andrea Grasso, Annalisa Arrighi, Angela Pistorio, Luigi Molfetta
Purpose  The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of the coracoid bone graft placement with the open Latarjet-Patte and arthroscopic Latarjet (arthro-Latarjet) procedures in the treatment of anterior instability of the shoulder. Methods  Forty-six patients affected by anterior shoulder instability were divided into two groups. In group A ( n  = 25), patients were operated by arthroscopic Latarjet (arthro-Latarjet) procedure and in group B ( n  = 21), patients were operated by open Latarjet-Patte procedure...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114635/early-efficacy-of-intra-articular-hyadd%C3%A2-4-hymovis%C3%A2-injections-for-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis
#10
Ferdinando Priano
Purpose  The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical effects of HYADD® 4, an hydrogel based on a hyaluronic acid derivative, in patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, on symptoms, and joint function. Methods  This retrospective study of patients with Kellgren-Lawrence grade II to IV knee osteoarthritis (American College of Rheumatology criteria) enrolled patients who had received two infiltrations of HYADD® 4, (24 mg/3 mL) 1 week apart, and evaluated: pain at rest, pain with movement, change in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score; change in nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)/acetaminophen use; satisfaction with therapy; tolerability...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114634/monitoring-outcome-of-joint-arthroplasty-in-italy-implementation-of-the-national-registry
#11
Marina Torre, Emilio Romanini, Gustavo Zanoli, Eugenio Carrani, Ilaria Luzi, Luisa Leone, Stefania Bellino
Purpose  Arthroplasty registries have an important role in improving outcomes in joint surgery. As the demand for joint arthroplasty continues to increase, growing attention is being paid to the establishment of national registries, which contribute to the enhancement of the quality of patients' care. Indeed, providing postmarketing surveillance data in terms of safety and effectiveness of medical devices, registries contribute to the best orthopaedic practice and support public health decision making. In this context, a project aimed at implementing a national arthroplasty registry in Italy has appeared to be essential, and the activities performed in the last years have consolidated data collection of hip and knee replacements...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114633/surgical-management-of-degenerative-meniscus-lesions-the-2016-esska-meniscus-consensus
#12
P Beaufils, R Becker, S Kopf, M Englund, R Verdonk, M Ollivier, R Seil
Purpose  A degenerative meniscus lesion is a slowly developing process typically involving a horizontal cleavage in a middle-aged or older person. When the knee is symptomatic, arthroscopic partial meniscectomy has been practised for a long time with many case series reporting improved patient outcomes. Since 2002, several randomised clinical trials demonstrated no additional benefit of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy compared to non-operative treatment, sham surgery or sham arthroscopic partial meniscectomy...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114632/joint-preservation-of-knee-what-is-its-value
#13
EDITORIAL
Giuseppe Milano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114631/bore-disruption-an-unusual-mechanical-failure-of-two-hip-hemiarthroplasties
#14
Federico Dettoni, Umberto Cottino, Silvia Spriano, Davide Edoardo Bonasia, Roberto Rossi
We report a case of two hemiarthroplasties (HAs) that underwent an unexpected mechanical failure. Two patients affected by femoral fractures were treated with an HA. At 5 and 7 years after surgery, they showed a breakage of the HA at the head-stem junction. We analyzed macroscopically and microscopically (by a scanning electron microscopy) the surfaces of the broken prostheses. In both cases, a fracture was detected starting at the joining point between the femoral head and the slot that receives the taper cone of the stem (the so-called bore), with the typical macroscopic and microscopic pattern of a fatigue fracture...
March 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114630/unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-modes-of-failure-and-conversion-to-total-knee-arthroplasty
#15
REVIEW
Michele Vasso, Katia Corona, Rocco D'Apolito, Giuseppe Mazzitelli, Alfredo Schiavone Panni
Despite the excellent success rates of the modern unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), results of knee replacement registries still shows a relatively high revision and failure rate for UKA, especially when compared with traditional total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Bearing dislocation continues to be advocated as the predominant mechanism of failure in mobile UKA, whereas polyethylene wear and aseptic loosening remains the main cause of failure of fixed UKA. Degeneration of the unreplaced compartments has been reported in both mobile and fixed designs...
March 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114629/knee-osteoarthritis-after-reconstruction-of-isolated-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Compagnoni Riccardo, Catani Fabio, Randelli Pietro
Purpose  The aim of this review was to analyze the current literature on osteoarthritic evolution of knees without any combined meniscal or ligament lesions undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Methods  A PubMed/MEDLINE research was performed using the following keywords: "Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction" [Mesh] AND "Osteoarthritis, Knee" [Mesh]. Only English language literature and articles published after 2005 were included. Studies including concomitant meniscal tears, posterior cruciate or collateral ligament injuries, previous surgery in the affected knees, infections, osteochondral defects, loose bodies, synovial plica syndrome, and posteromedial or posterolateral corner injuries were not considered in this review...
March 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114628/femoral-tunnel-positioning-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-anteromedial-portal-versus-transtibial-technique-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Michele Venosa, Marco Delcogliano, Roberto Padua, Federica Alviti, Antonio Delcogliano
Purpose  The purpose of this study was to investigate, through three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT), the accuracy of femoral tunnel positioning in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, comparing transtibial (TT) and anteromedial (AM) techniques. Methods  We evaluated postoperative 3D-CT scans of 26 patients treated with ACL reconstruction with hamstrings autograft using a low accessory AM portal technique and 26 treated with the TT technique. The position of the femoral tunnel center was measured with the quadrant method...
March 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114627/second-generation-needling-techniques-for-the-treatment-of-chondral-defects-in-animal-model
#18
Pietro Zedde, Sebastiano Cudoni, Lucia Manunta, Eraldo Sanna Passino, Gerolamo Masala, Antonio Brunetti, Francesco Mattia Uboldi, Andrea Fabio Manunta
Purpose  To compare the macroscopic, histological, and immunohistochemical characteristics of the repair tissue of chondral defects treated with microfracture and nanofracture in an ovine model. Methods  Full-thickness chondral lesions were created in the medial femoral condyle of both knees in four adult sheep and were treated with microfracture on one side and with nanofracture on the contralateral side. Chondral repair was assessed after 12 months by macroscopic, histological, and immunohistochemical analyses...
March 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114626/postarthroscopy-imaging-in-femoroacetabular-impingement-persistent-pain-may-be-due-to-an-insufficient-correction-of-preoperative-abnormalities
#19
Cosimo Tudisco, Salvatore Bisicchia, Sandro Tormenta, Amedeo Taglieri, Ezio Fanucci
Purpose  The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of correction of abnormal radiographic parameters on postoperative pain in a group of patients treated arthroscopically for femoracetabular impingement (FAI). Methods  A retrospective study was performed on 23 patients affected by mixed-type FAI and treated arthroscopically. There were 11 males and 12 females with a mean age of 46.5 (range: 28-67) years. Center-edge (CE) and α angles were measured on preoperative and postoperative radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies and were correlated with persistent pain at follow-up...
March 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114625/revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-contralateral-hamstring-tendon-grafts-6-years-follow-up
#20
Claudio Legnani, Stefania Zini, Enrico Borgo, Alberto Ventura
Purpose  The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcome of revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with contralateral hamstring tendon autografts, specifically with regard to patient satisfaction, return to preinjury activity level, and postoperative functional outcomes. Methods  Between 2004 and 2011, 23 patients underwent revision ACL reconstruction with contralateral autogenous hamstring tendon grafts and were retrospectively reviewed at an average follow-up of 6...
March 2017: Joints
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