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Journal of Renal Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497094/an-update-on-diabetic-kidney-disease-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-agents
#1
Leila Mahmoodnia, Esmat Aghadavod, Sara Beigrezaei, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease that is defined by relative or absolute deficiency of insulin secretion. Diabetic kidney disease seems to be one of the most frequent complications of diabetes mellitus. Based on evidence, increased free-radical formation and/or diminished antioxidant defenses induce oxidative stress that is implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney disease. It is evident that diabetic state induces oxidative stress through different signaling pathways as well as reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation that attributes to the activation of various downstream signaling cascade leading to structural the way to structural and functional changes in kidney...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497093/association-between-abnormal-serum-free-light-chains-ratio-and-known-prognostic-factors-in-lymphoma-a-nephrology-viewpoint
#2
Minoosh Moghimi, Mahshid Kashkooli Behroozi, Mehdi Maghbooli, Sattar Jafari, Saeideh Mazloomzadeh, Aiyoub Pezeshgi
Introduction: The serum immunoglobulin free light chain (FLC) assay quantities of free kappa (κ) and lambda (λ) light chains. This assay has prognostic value in plasma cell proliferative disorders. There are limited data on serum FLC in B-cell malignancies. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the known prognostic factors in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the type B-cell and Hodgkin disease with an abnormal secretion amount of light chains in these lymphomas. Patients and Methods: The association of pretreatment FLC and FLC ratio (κ:λ) with previously known prognostic factors for lymphoma such as the international prognostic index (IPI) and B symptoms were evaluated in 50 patients with Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497092/the-relationship-between-dialysis-adequacy-and-serum-uric-acid-in-dialysis-patients-a-cross-sectional-multi-center-study-in-iranian-hemodialysis-centers
#3
Eghlim Nemati, Arezoo Khosravi, Behzad Einollahi, Mehdi Meshkati, Mehrdad Taghipour, Shahin Abbaszadeh
Introduction: Uric acid is one of the most significant uremic toxins accumulating in chronic renal failure patients treated with standard dialysis. Its clearance has not any exact relation with urea and creatinine clearance. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between adequacy of dialysis and serum level of uric acid in dialysis patients of some dialysis centers in Iran. Patients and Methods: In this study 1271 hemodialysis patients who have been treated for more than 3 months were evaluated...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497091/restless-leg-syndrome-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-in-mashhad-hemodialysis-centers
#4
Niloufar Zadeh Saraji, Maryam Hami, Reza Boostani, Mohammad Javad Mojahedi
Introduction: Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a sensory motor disorder. Patients with this syndrome have serious and uncontrollable desire to move their legs, which is mostly due to an uncomfortable feeling intensified when they are motionless. It may be a genetic disorder or secondary to iron deficiency, neurodegenerations, pregnancy, some drugs and severe kidney diseases. Objectives: This study was designed to find out the prevalence and its risk factors of RLS in hemodialysis patients. Patients and Methods: This multicenter cross-sectional study was done on 260 hemodialysis patients...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497090/association-between-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-and-coronary-artery-angioplasty
#5
Arezoo Khosravi, Eghlim Nemati, Mahdi Soleimanian, Neda Raesi, Shahin Abbaszadeh
Introduction: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein, whose serum levels changes during various physiologic and pathologic situations. Recently, the relationship between PSA and cardiologic disorders has been assessed. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) complications with PSA serum levels. Patients and Methods: In this study, 100 eligible patients undergoing PCI were included. The total PSA serum values were analyzed pre- and post-procedure...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497089/impact-of-oral-capsule-of-peganum-harmala-on-alleviating-urinary-symptoms-in-men-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Majid Shirani-Boroujeni, Saeed Heidari-Soureshjani, Zahra Keivani Hafshejani
Introduction: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is considered as a major cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in older men and its most common sign is nocturia. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the effect of the seeds of Peganum harmala compared with tamsulosin on alleviating urinary symptoms in patients with BPH. Patients and Methods: In this single blind clinical trial study, 90 patients diagnosed with BPH and LUTS, based on international prostate standard survey (IPSS) were divided into three groups...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497088/pulmonary-hypertension-among-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#7
Fatemeh Hayati, Seyed Seifollah Beladi Mousavi, Seyed Majid Mousavi Movahed, Maryam Mofrad Bushehri
Introduction: The epidemiology of pulmonary hypertension (PHT) among long-term hemodialysis patients has been described in relatively small studies in Iran. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of PHT and its relationship among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis (HD). Patients and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, patients with ESRD treated with HD for at least 3 months in the Imam hospital enrolled for the study. PHT was defined as an estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) equal to or higher than 25 mm Hg using echocardiograms performed by cardiologist...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497087/renal-function-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-infection-does-antibiotherapy-affect-it
#8
Roghayeh Akbari, Mostafa Javaniyan, Amir Fahimi, Mahmood Sadeghi
Introduction: Antibiotic treatment (antibiotherapy) of diabetic foot ulcers has been proven to have toxic effect on renal function. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate renal function in patients with diabetic foot infection. Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional retrospective study was performed on 142 patients with diabetic foot ulcers hospitalized in Shahid Yahyanejad hospital of Babol during 2013. After referring to profile of the patients, they were assigned to participate in two groups: group A consisted of patients receiving antibiotics with a low risk renal toxicity and patients who received antibiotics with a higher risk of renal toxicity were placed in group B...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497086/the-effect-of-vibration-on-the-severity-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Habibollah Hosseini, Majid Kazemi, Somayeh Azimpour
Introduction: The restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder in patients undergoing hemodialysis. This syndrome causes individual's disturbed rest, discomfort, and stress, and secondarily to weakened functioning and disturbance in occupational activities and familial life. Objectives: The present study aimed at investigate the effect of vibration on the severity of the manifestation of symptoms of RLS in hemodialysis patients. Patients and Methods: This is an interventional before-after study conducted on 80 patients with RLS in hemodialysis wards of Yazd hospitals...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497085/evaluation-of-water-and-electrolytes-disorders-in-severe-acute-diarrhea-patients-treated-by-who-protocol-in-eight-large-hospitals-in-tehran-a-nephrology-viewpoint
#10
Alireza Soleimani, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Mohammad Reza Tamadon
Introduction: The most common cause of death from diarrhea is the shock caused by dehydration, electrolytes and acid-base disorders. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate water and electrolytes disorders in diarrhea patients after treating severe acute diarrhea. Patients and Methods: In this study we used a historical cohort and studied patients who were hospitalized due to acute diarrhea and were similarly treated for dehydration and water and electrolyte disorders as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497084/effects-of-radiofrequency-radiation-in-the-presence-of-gold-nanoparticles-for-the-treatment-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#11
Safoora Nikzad, Golshan Mahmoudi, Payam Amini, Milad Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi, Akbar Vahdat-Moaddab, Seyedeh Maryam Sharafi, Leila Hojaji-Najafabadi, Ali Hosseinzadeh
Introduction: The most common type of kidney cancer is renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which accounts for more than 80% of all kidney cancers. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of radiofrequency (RF) radiation in the presence of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) for the treatment of RCC. Materials and Methods: Human embryonic kidney (HEK) cancer cells were divided into 6 groups. Various tests were performed on HEK cells in the presence of RF and GNPs. In order to investigate the radiation effects on the cells' survival, MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-iphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay was performed at different days during and post-irradiation period...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497083/impact-of-fgf23-level-on-calcium-and-phosphorus-levels-in-post-renal-transplantation
#12
Fereshteh Saddadi, Aida Rasoolzadeh, Mohammadreza Ganji, Maryam Miri
Introduction: The level of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) may be considered as a prognostic factor for assessing renal function in regulating components of phosphate and vitamin D hemostasis. Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of FGF23 level to predict renal function after renal transplantation. Patients and Methods: Fifteen consecutive patients scheduled for renal transplantation. To assess renal function status, the MDRD formula and isotope scan were applied. The study endpoint was to assess the level of FGF23 and other factors involving calcium and phosphorus metabolism before and also 3 and 12 months after transplantation and also to determine role of FGF23 to predict postoperative renal function...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497082/evaluation-of-selenium-on-kidney-function-following-ischemic-injury-in-rats-protective-effects-and-antioxidant-activity
#13
Amin Hasanvand, Abolfazl Abbaszadeh, Saeideh Darabi, Afshin Nazari, Mohammadreza Gholami, Ali Kharazmkia
Introduction: Renal dysfunction is caused by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, which is a common problem in kidney surgery or kidney transplantation. The human body consists of enormous complex antioxidant systems, which inquires adequate selenium (Se) absorption for normal physiologic function. It is known that Se has some antioxidant effects. Objectives: In the present research, effects of the Se on damages caused by I/R injury investigated. Materials and Methods: In this experimental research, four groups of rats (weighing 220±10 g) used, include control group, I/R group, healthy group treated with Se for two weeks, and I/R group with two-week Se treatment...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497081/relationship-between-serum-irisin-glycemic-indices-and-renal-function-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#14
Leila Mahmoodnia, Maryam Sadoughi, Ali Ahmadi, Marzieh Kafeshani
Introduction: Irisin is a novel peptide that plays notable role in human and animal biology and physiology. It has been reported that irisin may improve insulin resistance and related disturbances. Objectives: The aim of this investigation was to assess the relationship between serum irisin, glycemic indices, and renal function in diabetic subjects. Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 102 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients were recruited. Blood biochemical parameters, including fasting plasma sugar (FBS), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C), serum uric acid (sUA), creatinine concentration and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were measured...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497080/applying-data-mining-techniques-to-determine-important-parameters-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-the-relations-of-these-parameters-to-each-other
#15
Shahram Tahmasebian, Marjan Ghazisaeedi, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Mehrshad Mokhtaran, Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh, Parisa Javadian
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) includes a wide range of pathophysiological processes which will be observed along with abnormal function of kidneys and progressive decrease in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). According to the definition decreasing GFR must have been present for at least three months. CKD will eventually result in end-stage kidney disease. In this process different factors play role and finding the relations between effective parameters in this regard can help to prevent or slow progression of this disease...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497079/spontaneous-rupture-of-continent-cutaneous-urinary-diversion-after-25-years
#16
Seyed Yousef Hosseini, Mehdi Dehghani, Amin Afsharimoghaddam, Zahra Sepehri, Mahdi Afshari
Spontaneous rupture of a continent cutaneous urinary diversion is uncommon and diagnosis of this situation requires a high degree of suspicion. In this paper we present a 66-year-old man with continent cutaneous pouch after radical cystoprostatectomy that presented with spontaneous perforation 25 years after surgery. Spontaneous pouch perforation in our case after 25 years emphasizes the need for long follow-up in patients with continent diversion.
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497078/joubert-syndrome-misleading-presentation-of-two-cases-as-pseudo-tumor-cerebri-and-literature-review
#17
Farrokh Seylanian Toosi, Samineh Boloursaz, Bita Abbasi, Reza Hekmat, Reihaneh Mortazavi Ardestani, Mina Mohajerzadeh
Joubert syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that may have different clinical presentation such as ataxia, hyperpnea, sleep apnea, nystagmus, hypotonia, seizure and retinitis pigmentosa. We present a 22-year-old girl and her older sibling, labeled as cerebral palsy. She had renal transplant years ago without the true diagnosis of the disorder. Brain imaging revealed the classic "molar tooth sign" appearance, and clinical evaluation established the diagnosis for both of the siblings. Imaging should be done to evaluate the neuroradiological findings of Joubert syndrome...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497077/what-do-we-know-about-pediatric-renal-microlithiasis
#18
REVIEW
Mohammad Amin Fallahzadeh, Jafar Hassanzadeh, Mohammad Hossein Fallahzadeh
Renal or calyceal microlithiasis is a common disorder with increasing prevalence especially in infants and younger children. The main presenting symptoms and the underlying metabolic abnormalities of renal microlithiasis are similar to renal stone. Although renal microlithiasis is considered as a main problem of the health system with diverse etiologies, our information about its natural course is very limited. Hence, further investigations to make an appropriate clinical approach to this entity is mandatory...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487875/impact-of-sertraline-on-serum-concentration-of-crp-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-depression
#19
Narges Sadat Zahed, Marjan Sharifi, Mahdi Karimi, Hajar Nikbakht
Introduction: Depression is the most prevalent psychological problem among hemodialysis (HD) patients. Inflammatory factors have been reported to play an important role in the pathogenesis of depression. The association between depression and inflammatory factors was established in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Sertraline, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant, decreases serum levels of inflammatory factors in patients with depression. Objectives: This study was designed to assess the effect of sertraline on serum concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP), hemoglobin and albumin of depressed hemodialysis (HD) patients...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487874/administration-of-pentoxifylline-to-improve-anemia-of-hemodialysis-patients
#20
Heshmatolah Shahbazian, Ali Ghorbani, Azita Zafar-Mohtashami, Abdolreza Balali, Armaghan AleAli, Gholam Reza Lashkarara
Introduction: One of the most important causes of erythropoietin-resistant anemia in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is increased levels of inflammatory cytokines. Objectives: In this study pentoxifylline, an anti-inflammatory and anti-cytokine drug, with no significant side effects was used to manage anemia in ESRD patients. Patients and Methods: Thirty-nine ESRD patients with erythropoietin-resistant anemia were assigned to two groups, the treatment and the control groups. In treatment group, 19 patients received erythropoietin, venofer and pentoxifylline for 6 months...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
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