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Journal of Renal Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689125/paraneoplastic-proteinuria-in-papillary-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-case-report
#1
Fatemeh Yaghoubi, Maliheh Yarmohammadi, Mohammad Vasei
We report a 55-year-old man presented with anemia and weakness, history of flank pain, hematuria and nephrotic syndrome. Spiral abdominopelvic computerized tomography (CT) scan showed multiloculated cystic mass (120 ×100 ×80 mm) in lower portion of left kidney with internal enhancing solid components and coarse peripheral calcifications. Radical nephrectomy of left kidney was done and biopsy confirmed renal cell carcinoma (RCC), papillary type, sarcomatoid foci, Fuhrman grade III. We assumed that, presence of nephrotic syndrome and paraneoplastic glomerulopathy leaded to heavy proteinuria in this case...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689124/acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-paraquat-intoxication-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Afshin Safaei Asl, Peyman Dadashzadeh
Paraquat and diquat are classified as bipyridyl compounds not only leads to acute organ damage, but also to a variety of complications. Patients with severe paraquat-induced poisoning may succumb to multiple organ failure involving the circulatory and respiratory systems. Deliberate self-poisoning with paraquat continues to be a major public health concern in many developing countries. At present there is no specific antidote to paraquat poisoning, hence the need to more focus on prevention and in cases of poisoning aggressive decontamination to prevent further absorption...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689123/cross-fused-renal-ectopia-associated-with-vesicoureteral-reflux-a-case-report
#3
Mitra Naseri
Crossed renal ectopia is a rare urinary system anomaly which mostly is asymptomatic and is diagnosed incidentally. Urinary obstruction, infection, and neoplasia of the urinary system and nephrolithiasis are main complications of this anomaly. A 6-year-old boy admitted to the hospital with colicky abdominal pain and nausea. Abdominal examination revealed tenderness in right lower quadrant. Urine analysis and culture were normal. Kidney ultrasonography showed right kidney in pelvis cavity with no kidney tissue in left side...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689122/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-overactive-bladder-a-case-control-study
#4
Parsa Yousefichaijan, Mojtaba Sharafkhah, Mohammad Rafiei, Bahman Salehi
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common childhood psychiatric disorder. This disorder is more prevalent in some chronic diseases. OBJECTIVES: To investigate ADHD in children with overactive bladder. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A number of 92 children with overactive bladder and 92 healthy children without overactive bladder (age range of both groups 5 to 12 years old) were included in this study as case and control groups, respectively...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689121/gamma-aminobutyric-acid-aggravates-nephrotoxicity-induced-by-cisplatin-in-female-rats
#5
Elham Peysepar, Nepton Soltani, Mehdi Nematbakhsh, Fatemeh Eshraghi-Jazi, Ardeshir Talebi
INTRODUCTION: Cisplatin (CP) is a major antineoplastic drug for treatment of solid tumors. CP-induced nephrotoxicity may be gender-related. This is while gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system that has renoprotective impacts on acute renal injury. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the protective role of GABA against CP-induced nephrotoxicity in male and female rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty Wistar male and female rats were used in eight experimental groups...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689120/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-against-vanadyl-sulphate-induced-nephrotoxicity-and-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#6
Fatemeh Ahmadi, Mehdi Nematbakhsh, Mehdi Kargarfard, Fatemeh Eshraghi-Jazi, Ardeshir Talebi, Soheila Shirdavani
INTRODUCTION: Vanadium compounds are insulin like drugs which are accompanied with nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity as their major side effects. Aerobic exercise is well known as an approach to reduce the side effects of many drugs. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the role of aerobic exercise against vanadyl sulphate induced nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity in male rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689119/effect-of-selenium-supplementation-on-lipid-profile-in-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Hamidreza Omrani, Sima Golmohamadi, Yahya Pasdar, Kambiz Jasemi, Afshin Almasi
INTRODUCTION: One of the major causes of mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on hemodialysis is premature atherosclerosis. Selenium, a trace element involved in important enzymatic activities inside the body, has protective effects against lipid oxidation and inhibits cholesterol accumulation in blood vessels. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of selenium supplementation on lipid profile in hemodialysis patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this double-blinded randomized clinical trial which lasted for 3 months, 84 hemodialysis patients with selenium deficiency were divided into experimental group (received selenium supplementation) or control group (received placebo)...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689118/association-of-bone-mineral-density-with-biochemical-markers-of-bone-turnover-in-hemodialysis-children
#8
Niloofar Hajizadeh, Mehryar Mehrkash, Daryoosh Fahimi, Mostafa Qorbani, Nina Shafa
INTRODUCTION: Although some descriptive and cross-sectional studies have been reported about bone mass in chronic kidney disease (CKD) children, only a few studies investigated markers of bone turnover and the bone mass measurements. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical markers of bone turnover in hemodialysis (HD) children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The children who had received dialysis for at least the preceding 6-month were included...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689117/hypertension-in-children-in-emergency-department
#9
Abdolghader Pakniyat, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Ramin Parvizrad, Morteza Qaribi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689116/splenic-abscess-due-to-fungal-infection-after-kidney-transplantation-a-case-report
#10
Tahereh Malakoutian, Maliheh Yarmohamadi, Ronak Mohammadi, Mojgan Asgari, Reyhaneh Mahmoodian
Splenic abscess is one of the rare and potentially life-threatening complications after kidney transplantation. Splenic abscess generally occurs in patients who have immunodeficiency state. It becomes more important with the increased use of immunosuppressed drugs and organ transplantation. The clinical presentation of splenic abscess is insidious, often with constitutional symptoms. Left upper quadrant tenderness is an uncommon sign. Therefore, its diagnosis is difficult and requires a high degree of clinical suspicion...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689115/the-effect-of-lactulose-supplementation-on-fecal-microflora-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Hamid Tayebi-Khosroshahi, Afshin Habibzadeh, Bahram Niknafs, Reza Ghotaslou, Fatemeh Yeganeh Sefidan, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Majid Moghaddaszadeh, Sahar Parkhide
INTRODUCTION: Lactulose is a prebiotic with bifidogenic and urea reduction effects. It can improve Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli counts in healthy humans and it may possibly have similar effects in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of lactulose on fecal microflora of patients with CKD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with stages 3 and 4 of CKD (43.8% male with mean age of 58.09±12.75 years) were randomly assigned to intervention (n=16) and control (n=16) groups...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689114/correlation-between-cystatin-c-based-formulas-schwartz-formula-and-urinary-creatinine-clearance-for-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimation-in-children-with-kidney-disease
#12
Afshin Safaei-Asl, Mercede Enshaei, Abtin Heydarzadeh, Shohreh Maleknejad
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is an important tool for monitoring renal function. OBJECTIVES: Regarding to limitations in available methods, we intended to calculate GFR by cystatin C (Cys C) based formulas and determine correlation rate of them with current methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 72 children (38 boys and 34 girls) with renal disorders. The 24 hour urinary creatinine (Cr) clearance was the gold standard method...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689113/the-effects-of-different-electrolyte-composition-in-dialysate-on-qtc-interval-a-controlled-trial
#13
Foroogh Sabzghabaei, Seyed Alireza Heydariezade, Rashin S Joodat
INTRODUCTION: Hemodialysis (HD) has impact on the cardiovascular system by inducing changes in the characteristics of body fluids such as PH, temperature and electrolyte concentrations. In the previous studies, prolongation of the QT interval and increase of QT dispersion have been reported during HD sessions. These changes were more significant while using solutions with less potassium and higher bicarbonate during dialysis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of different potassium and bicarbonate concentrations on electrocardiography (ECG) parameters and the electrochemical balance of cell membranes...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689112/comparison-of-oral-lactobacillus-and-streptococcus-mutans-between-diabetic-dialysis-patients-with-non-diabetic-dialysis-patients-and-healthy-people
#14
Fahimeh Rezazadeh, Abdollah Bazargani, Jamshid Roozbeh-Shahroodi, Ali Pooladi, Peyman Arasteh, Khosro Zamani
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is associated with higher rates of caries, on the other hand some studies have shown that renal failure can be protective against dental caries. OBJECTIVES: In this study we compared oral Lactobacillus and Streptococcus mutans between diabetic dialysis and non-diabetic dialysis patients and the normal population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During November 2014 to January 2014, 85 people that referred to our medical care center entered the study...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689111/comparing-between-results-and-complications-of-doing-voiding-cystourethrogram-in-the-first-week-following-urinary-tract-infection-and-in-2-6-weeks-after-urinary-tract-infection-in-children-referring-to-a-teaching-hospital
#15
Parsa Yousefichaijan, Fatemeh Dorreh, Someyeh Shahsavari, Abdolghader Pakniyat
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection is the most common genitourinary disease in children so about 40% of the children with urinary tract infection suffering from reflux that caused some consequences such as pyelonephritis and kidney parenchymal injury. OBJECTIVES: This research was conducted to compare the timing of voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) in children with urinary tract infection in first week and after the first week of urinary tract infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This research is a case-control study that both case and control groups include 208 children from 1 month to 12 years old with the complain of urinary tract infection...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689110/effect-of-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-blockade-on-kidney-ischemia-reperfusion-a-gender-related-difference
#16
Fatemeh Moslemi, Pegah Taheri, Mahdis Azimipoor, Sina Ramtin, Mostafa Hashemianfar, Ali Momeni-Ashjerdi, Fatemeh Eshraghi-Jazi, Ardeshir Talebi, Hamid Nasri, Mehdi Nematbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury may be related to activity of reninangiotensin system (RAS), which is gender-related. In this study, it was attempted to compare the effect of angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor type 1 (AT1R) blockade; losartan in I/R injury in male and female rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male and female Wistar rats were assigned as sham surgery, control I/R groups treated with vehicle, and case I/R groups treated with losartan (30 mg/kg)...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689109/high-doses-of-oral-folate-and-sublingual-vitamin-b12-in-dialysis-patients-with-hyperhomocysteinemia
#17
Mitra Naseri, Gholam-Reza Sarvari, Mohammad Esmaeeli, Anoush Azarfar, Zahra Rasouli, Giti Moeenolroayaa, Shohre Jahanshahi, Simin Farhadi, Zohreh Heydari, Narges Sagheb-Taghipoor
INTRODUCTION: Folic acid and vitamin B12, alone or in combination have been used to reduce homocysteine (Hcy) levels in dialysis patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the efficacy of high doses of oral folate and vitamin B12 in reducing plasma Hcy levels after a 12-week treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two dialysis patients aged 10-324 months screened for hyperhomocysteinuria. Then cases with hyperhomocysteinemia received oral folate 10 mg/day with sublingual methylcobalamin 1 mg/day for 12 weeks...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689108/identification-of-medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-kidney-and-urinary-stones
#18
Mahmoud Bahmani, Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi, Pegah Tajeddini, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Nasrollah Naghdi
INTRODUCTION: Kidney stones are the third most common urinary tract problems after urinary tract infections and prostate pathology. Kidney stones may cause extreme pain and blockage of urine flow. They are usually treated with medications that may cause a number of side-effects. Medicinal herbs are used in different cultures as a reliable source of natural remedies. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine native medicinal plants used by traditional healers of Shiraz for the treatment of kidney stones...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689107/an-ethnobotanical-study-of-medicinal-plants-administered-for-the-treatment-of-hypertension
#19
Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi, Mahmoud Bahmani, Pegah Tajeddini, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Nasrollah Naghdi
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is very high in human societies and their prevention and treatment are the most important priority in many countries. Hypertension makes an important contribution to the development of CVDs. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to collect the ethno-medicinal knowledge of the traditional healers of Shiraz on medicinal plants used in the treatment of hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethno-medicinal data were collected from September 2012 to July 2013 through direct interview...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689106/the-evaluation-of-relationship-between-blood-pressure-and-dialysate-na-concentration-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#20
Narges Sadat Zahed, Omid Gharooi, Latif Gachkar, Hajar Nikbakht
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is one of the traditional risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Extra cellular volume expansion and Na retention remain the main cause of hypertension. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between concentration of Na dialysate and blood pressure (BP) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patient. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 266 adult patients undergoing HD for at least three months...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
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