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Frontiers in Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234124/a-comparative-review-on-microbiota-manipulation-lessons-from-fish-plants-livestock-and-human-research
#1
REVIEW
Sylvia Brugman, Wakako Ikeda-Ohtsubo, Saskia Braber, Gert Folkerts, Corné M J Pieterse, Peter A H M Bakker
During recent years the impact of microbial communities on the health of their host (being plants, fish, and terrestrial animals including humans) has received increasing attention. The microbiota provides the host with nutrients, induces host immune development and metabolism, and protects the host against invading pathogens (1-6). Through millions of years of co-evolution bacteria and hosts have developed intimate relationships. Microbial colonization shapes the host immune system that in turn can shape the microbial composition (7-9)...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234123/feed-choice-led-to-higher-protein-intake-in-broiler-chickens-experimentally-infected-with-campylobacter-jejuni
#2
Christian Visscher, Linus Klingenberg, Julia Hankel, Ralph Brehm, Marion Langeheine, Ariane Helmbrecht
In 2016, Campylobacter was the most commonly reported gastrointestinal bacterial pathogen in humans in the European Union with 246,307 reported cases. Of these cases, 83.6% were Campylobacter jejuni . The objective of the present study was to investigate to what extent an infection with C. jejuni alters the feed intake behavior of broiler chicks in terms of protein intake. This was done to see if, conversely, measures of control could be derived. In total, 300 commercial broilers of the Ross 308 line were allocated to four different groups, including five replications of 15 chickens each...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234122/ectopic-fat-accumulation-in-distinct-insulin-resistant-phenotypes-targets-for-personalized-nutritional-interventions
#3
REVIEW
Inez Trouwborst, Suzanne M Bowser, Gijs H Goossens, Ellen E Blaak
Cardiometabolic diseases are one of the leading causes for disability and mortality in the Western world. The prevalence of these chronic diseases is expected to rise even further in the next decades. Insulin resistance (IR) and related metabolic disturbances are linked to ectopic fat deposition, which is the storage of excess lipids in metabolic organs such as liver and muscle. Notably, a vicious circle exists between IR and ectopic fat, together increasing the risk for the development of cardiometabolic diseases...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234121/best-practices-for-handling-and-administration-of-expressed-human-milk-and-donor-human-milk-for-hospitalized-preterm-infants
#4
REVIEW
Caroline Steele
The importance of human milk for the preterm infant is well established (1-3). However, the feeding of human milk to preterm infants is typically much more complicated than the mere act of breastfeeding (3, 4). The limited oral feeding skills of many preterm infants often results in human milk being administered via an enteral feeding tube (4). In addition, fortification is commonly required to promote optimal growth and development-particularly in the smallest of preterm infants (2, 4, 5). Consequently, a mother's own milk must be pumped, labeled, transported to the hospital, stored, tracked for appropriate expiration dates and times, thawed (if previously frozen), fortified, and administered to the infant with care taken at each step of the process to avoid microbial contamination, misadministration (the wrong milk for the wrong patient), fortification errors, and waste (1-5)...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234120/improvement-in-frailty-in-a-patient-with-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-after-ninjin-yoeito-therapy-a-case-report
#5
Hirai Kuniaki, Tanaka Akihiko, Homma Tetsuya, Mikuni Hatsuko, Kawahara Tomoko, Ohta Shin, Kusumoto Sojiro, Yamamoto Mayumi, Yamaguchi Fumihiro, Suzuki Shintaro, Ohnishi Tsukasa, Sagara Hironori
Frailty is a poor prognostic factor in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although various studies have assessed the effects of conventional treatment with bronchodilators, nutritional support, and pulmonary rehabilitation for frailty in patients with COPD, none have addressed the effects of traditional Japanese medicine (Kampo medicine). Herein, we report the successful management of frailty using Ninjin'yoeito therapy in a 76-year-old patient with COPD. Despite being prescribed multiple bronchodilators, nutritional supplement therapy, patient education, and pulmonary rehabilitation, the patient exhibited unintentional weight loss, low energy, and low physical activity...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30214902/ketogenic-ratio-determines-metabolic-effects-of-macronutrients-and-prevents-interpretive-bias
#6
Tanya Zilberter, Yuri Zilberter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186837/combined-use-of-ninjin-yoeito-improves-subjective-fatigue-caused-by-lenalidomide-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-a-retrospective-study
#7
Tomoki Ito, Akiko Konishi, Yukie Tsubokura, Yoshiko Azuma, Masaaki Hotta, Hideaki Yoshimura, Takahisa Nakanishi, Shinya Fujita, Aya Nakaya, Atsushi Satake, Kazuyoshi Ishii, Shosaku Nomura
Lenalidomide is an immunomodulating derivative of thalidomide, which shows anti-tumor activity against myeloma cells with immunomodulation including augmentation of T-cell and natural killer cell function. Continuous treatment with this agent shows better survival benefit in patients with multiple myeloma and combined lenalidomide with dexamethasone (LEN-DEX) is a standard treatment regimen. However, fatigue is a frequent symptom resulting from lenalidomide administration. This side-effect therefore reduces quality of life for elderly patients and, furthermore, is a reason for treatment discontinuation...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175101/pharmacokinetics-of-%C3%AE-alanine-using-different-dosing-strategies
#8
Jan Stautemas, Inge Everaert, Filip B D Lefevere, Wim Derave
Introduction: The ergogenic response following long-term ingestion of β-alanine shows a high inter-individual variation. It is hypothesized that this variation is partially caused by a variable pharmacokinetic response induced by inferior dosing strategies. At this point most supplements are either taken in a fixed amount (× g), as is the case with β-alanine, or relative to body weight (× g per kg BW), but there is currently neither consensus nor a scientific rationale on why these or other dosing strategies should be used...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167434/dietary-practice-and-nutritional-status-of-tuberculosis-patients-in-pokhara-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Lal M Gurung, Laxman D Bhatt, Isha Karmacharya, Dipendra K Yadav
Background: Undernutrition increases the risk of progression from Tuberculosis (TB) infection to active TB disease and further leads to weight loss. Proper diet and nutrition play significant roles in treating TB patients. Active TB needs high energy requirement. The main aim of this study is to assess the dietary intake and nutritional status of TB patients in Pokhara city of Nepal. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 133 TB patients taking anti-tubercular drug. Data were collected using sequential sampling method...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151364/commentary-differential-effects-of-high-protein-diets-derived-from-soy-and-casein-on-blood-brain-barrier-integrity-in-wild-type-mice
#10
COMMENT
Niva Shapira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148134/parents-matter-associations-of-parental-bmi-and-feeding-behaviors-with-child-bmi-in-brazilian-preschool-and-school-aged-children
#11
Sarah Warkentin, Laís A Mais, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei
Background: Brazil is undergoing nutritional transition and rates of obesity in preschool and school-aged children are increasing. Excess weight in the first years of life could predict excess weight in adulthood, making it essential to study risk factors in this population. Objective: Our goal was to investigate associations of parent feeding behaviors, as well as more distal familial influences including family SES and maternal and paternal weight, with BMI z -score in preschool and school-aged children in a Brazilian sample...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131962/optimizing-texture-modified-foods-for-oro-pharyngeal-dysphagia-a-difficult-but-possible-target
#12
Samir G Sukkar, Norbert Maggi, Beatrice Travalca Cupillo, Carmelina Ruggiero
Dysphagia is a swallowing disorder characterized by the difficulty in transferring solid foods and/or liquids from the oral cavity to the stomach, imparing autonomous, and safe oral feeding. The main problems deriving from dysphagia are tracheo-bronchial aspiration, aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition and dehydration. In order to overcome dysphagia-induced problems, over the years water and food thickening has been used, focusing specifically on viscosity increase, but limited results have been obtained. Elastic components and their effects on the cohesiveness on the bolus should be taken into account in the first place...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109233/trends-in-microalgae-incorporation-into-innovative-food-products-with-potential-health-benefits
#13
REVIEW
Martín P Caporgno, Alexander Mathys
Microalgae have demonstrated potential to meet the population's need for a more sustainable food supply, specifically with respect to protein demand. These promising protein sources present several advantages over other currently used raw materials from an environmental point of view. Additionally, one of the main characteristics of microalgae is the production of bioactive compounds with potential benefits for human health. Microalgae exploitation as a source of protein (bulk protein) and other valuable products within the food industry still presents some drawbacks, mainly because of the underdeveloped technologies and processes currently available for microalgae processing...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090810/increased-ratio-of-non-mercaptalbumin-1-among-total-plasma-albumin-demonstrates-potential-protein-undernutrition-in-adult-rats
#14
Yasuaki Wada, Yosuke Komatsu, Hirohisa Izumi, Takashi Shimizu, Yasuhiro Takeda, Masashi Kuwahata
The redox state of plasma albumin shifts in response to dietary protein intake in growing rats, and the shift is more sensitive than that of plasma albumin level, a classical marker of protein nutritional status. While it has been suggested that plasma albumin redox state could be useful as a novel marker of protein nutritional status, the above animal model is highly sensitive to dietary protein intake and the observation may not be extrapolated widely to humans. This study aimed to investigate whether albumin redox state also reflects protein nutritional status in adult rats, which have a lower dietary protein requirement and are less responsive to protein intake...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083536/clinical-practice-guidelines-and-evidence-for-the-efficacy-of-traditional-japanese-herbal-medicine-kampo-in-treating-geriatric-patients
#15
REVIEW
Shin Takayama, Ryutaro Arita, Akiko Kikuchi, Minoru Ohsawa, Soichiro Kaneko, Tadashi Ishii
Frailty is defined as a state of increased vulnerability to poor resolution of homeostasis following stress, which increases the risk of adverse outcomes such as falls, delirium, and disability in the elderly. Recently in Japan, clinical practice guidelines (CPG) have recommended kampo treatment. We conducted a search for reports on Japanese CPG and kampo medicine in the treatment of symptoms in the elderly. The search was performed using the databases PubMed, Ichushi Web, J-Stage, Japan Medical Publishers Association, Medical Information Network Distribution Service, and CPG containing kampo products in Japan; reports from January 1st, 2012 to October 31st, 2017 were reviewed...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083535/integrating-environmental-and-social-sustainability-into-performance-evaluation-a-balanced-scorecard-based-grey-danp-approach-for-the-food-industry
#16
Gazi M Duman, Murat Taskaynatan, Elif Kongar, Kurt A Rosentrater
In addition to retaining high levels of customer satisfaction, sustainability of businesses is also heavily reliant on the efficiency of their internal and external processes. Continuous performance evaluations using key performance metrics to leverage operations are essential in maintaining a sustainable business while achieving growth objectives for revenue and profitability. Traditionally, companies have considered various financial criteria, quality characteristics, and targeted levels of service as their primary factors for performance evaluation...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073167/micronutrient-intakes-of-british-adults-across-mid-life-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey
#17
Emma Derbyshire
Background: There is a tendency to report micronutrients intakes collectively for adults, with broad age ranges being used. This means that certain sub-population groups such as young adults are often overlooked. The objective of the present article was to derive and evaluate micronutrient intakes across UK adults in their twenties, thirties, forties and fifties. Methods: A secondary analysis of the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (years 1-6) was undertaken. Data from n = 3,238 adults was analyzed and micronutrient intakes from food sources (excluding supplements) derived as a percentage of the Reference Nutrient Intake (RNI) and percentage below the Lower Reference Nutrient Intake (LRNI) for males and females aged 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, and 50-59 years...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050907/nutritional-ketosis-increases-nad-nadh-ratio-in-healthy-human-brain-an-in-vivo-study-by-31-p-mrs
#18
Lijing Xin, Özlem Ipek, Maurice Beaumont, Maya Shevlyakova, Nicolas Christinat, Mojgan Masoodi, Norman Greenberg, Rolf Gruetter, Bernard Cuenoud
Ketones represent an important alternative fuel for the brain under glucose hypo-metabolic conditions induced by neurological diseases or aging, however their metabolic consequences in healthy brain remain unclear. Here we report that ketones can increase the redox NAD+ /NADH ratio in the resting brain of healthy young adults. As NAD is an important energetic and signaling metabolic modulator, these results provide mechanistic clues on how nutritional ketosis might contribute to the preservation of brain health...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050906/the-well-developed-mucosal-immune-systems-of-birds-and-mammals-allow-for-similar-approaches-of-mucosal-vaccination-in-both-types-of-animals
#19
REVIEW
Tomonori Nochi, Christine A Jansen, Masaaki Toyomizu, Willem van Eden
The mucosal immune system is a compartmentalized part of the immune system that provides local immunity in the mucosa of the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and digestive tracts. It possesses secondary lymphoid tissues, which contain immune cells, such as T, B, and dendritic cells. Once the cells of the mucosal immune system are stimulated by luminal antigens, including microorganisms, they infiltrate into diffuse areas of mucosal tissues (e.g., respiratory mucosa and lamina propria of intestinal villi) and exhibit immune effector functions...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050905/the-cambridge-intensive-weight-management-programme-appears-to-promote-weight-loss-and-reduce-the-need-for-bariatric-surgery-in-obese-adults
#20
Rajna Golubic, Celia Laur, Megan Kelsey, Alana Livesy, Joanna Hoensch, Adrian Park, Sumantra Ray
Objectives: To investigate the impact of the Cambridge Intensive Weight Management Programme (IWMP) on weight change, eligibility for bariatric surgery, HbA1c, and blood pressure. Design: Prospective non-randomized intervention. Setting: The IWMP is a multi-disciplinary weight loss intervention for severely obese patients to avoid or optimize their physiological state thus enabling bariatric surgery. It uses dietary interventions, pharmacotherapy, and physical activity along with behavior change counseling...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
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