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Frontiers in Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780809/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-adults-with-children-in-the-home
#1
Ashley H White, Shirley A James, Sjonna W Paulson, Laura A Beebe
Introduction: Consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSB)s has been linked with adult and childhood obesity, an increasing health burden in the United States. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with the consumption of SSBs among Oklahoma adults with children in the home. Methods: A random sample of 1,118 Oklahoma adults with children in the home participated in a survey about their SSB consumption between August and October, 2015. We calculated weighted prevalence estimates and examined the relationship between types of SSBs consumed and covariates of interest using logistic regression techniques appropriate for survey data...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780808/real-time-observations-of-food-and-fluid-timing-during-a-120-km-ultramarathon
#2
Floris C Wardenaar, Daan Hoogervorst, Joline J Versteegen, Nancy van der Burg, Karin J Lambrechtse, Coen C W G Bongers
The aim of the present case study was to use real-time observations to investigate ultramarathon runners' timing of food and fluid intake per 15 km and per hour, and total bodyweight loss due to dehydration. The study included 5 male ultramarathon runners observed during a 120 km race. The research team members followed on a bicycle and continuously observed their dietary intake using action cameras. Hourly carbohydrate intake ranged between 22.1 and 62.6 g/h, and fluid intake varied between 260 and 603 mL/h...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755984/kampo-medicines-for-frailty-in-locomotor-disease
#3
REVIEW
Hajime Nakae, Yuko Hiroshima, Miwa Hebiguchi
Frailty is a syndrome that includes broad problems of senility and consists of three domains: physical, psychological, and social. Kampo medicine is used for intervention in cases of hypofunction in a mental or physical state. Kampo treatment, using Hojin formulations such as Hachimijiogan and Gosyajinkigan, is useful in patients with "jinkyo," or kidney hypofunction. Ketsu includes both blood and its metabolic products that circulate throughout the body. Oketsu is a disturbance of ketsu and is considered to be a microcirculation disorder...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740584/associations-between-dietary-antioxidant-intake-and-markers-of-atherosclerosis-in-middle-aged-women-from-north-western-algeria
#4
Mustapha Diaf, Meghit Boumediene Khaled
Background: The role of several dietary antioxidants in preventing the development and the progression of atherosclerosis has recently aroused considerable interest. Although they are not yet conclusive, most of the existing suggestions support this hypothesis. Objective: The aim of the present work was to investigate the intake of dietary antioxidant nutrients in relation to atherogenic indices in a group of Algerian middle aged women with and without type 2 diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a group of middle-aged women from the north western region of Algeria...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740583/creatine-supplementation-during-resistance-training-does-not-lead-to-greater-bone-mineral-density-in-older-humans-a-brief-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Scott C Forbes, Philip D Chilibeck, Darren G Candow
Creatine supplementation during resistance training has potential beneficial effects on properties of bone in aging adults. We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effect of creatine supplementation combined with resistance training on bone mineral density (BMD) in aging adults. We searched PubMed and SPORTDiscus databases and included RCTs of ≥3 months duration that examined the combined effect of creatine and resistance training on bone mineral in adults >50 years of age or postmenopausal...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714359/corrigendum-environmental-impacts-of-plant-based-diets-how-does-organic-food-consumption-contribute-to-environmental-sustainability
#6
Camille Lacour, Louise Seconda, Benjamin Allès, Serge Hercberg, Brigitte Langevin, Philippe Pointereau, Denis Lairon, Julia Baudry, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
[This corrects the article on p. 8 in vol. 5, PMID: 29479530.].
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713632/antimetabolic-effects-of-polyphenols-in-breast-cancer-cells-focus-on-glucose-uptake-and-metabolism
#7
REVIEW
Elisa Keating, Fátima Martel
In the last years, metabolic reprogramming became a new key hallmark of tumor cells. One of its components is a deviant energetic metabolism, known as Warburg effect-an aerobic lactatogenesis- characterized by elevated rates of glucose uptake and consumption with high-lactate production even in the presence of oxygen. Because many cancer cells display a greater sensitivity to glucose deprivation-induced cytotoxicity than normal cells, inhibitors of glucose cellular uptake (facilitative glucose transporter 1 inhibitors) and oxidative metabolism (glycolysis inhibitors) are potential therapeutic targets in cancer treatment...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707542/effects-of-the-brown-seaweed-laminaria-japonica-supplementation-on-serum-concentrations-of-igg-triglycerides-and-cholesterol-and-intestinal-microbiota-composition-in-rats
#8
Jae-Young Kim, Young Min Kwon, In-Sung Kim, Jeong-A Kim, Da-Yoon Yu, Bishnu Adhikari, Sang-Suk Lee, In-Soon Choi, Kwang-Keun Cho
The intestinal microbial communities play critical roles in various aspects of body function of the host. Prebiotics, such as dietary fiber, can affect health of the host by altering the composition of intestinal microbiota. Although brown seaweed Laminaria japonica is rich in dietary fiber, studies on its prebiotic potential are quite rare. In this study, basal diet (control), basal diet supplemented with dried L. japonica (DLJ), heat-treated dried L. japonica (HLJ), or heated dried L. japonica with added fructooligosaccharide (FHLJ) was fed to rats for 16 weeks...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707541/personalized-hydration-strategy-attenuates-the-rise-in-heart-rate-and-in-skin-temperature-without-altering-cycling-capacity-in-the-heat
#9
Denise de Melo-Marins, Ana Angélica Souza-Silva, Gabriel Lucas Leite da Silva-Santos, Francisco de Assis Freire-Júnior, Jason Kai Wei Lee, Orlando Laitano
The optimal hydration plan [i.e., drink to thirst, ad libitum (ADL), or personalized plan] to be adopted during exercise in recreational athletes has recently been a matter of debate and, due to conflicting results, consensus does not exist. In the present investigation, we tested whether a personalized hydration strategy based on sweat rate would affect cardiovascular and thermoregulatory responses and exercise capacity in the heat. Eleven recreational male cyclists underwent two familiarization cycling sessions in the heat (34°C, 40% RH) where sweat rate was also determined...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686990/perspective-of-micro-process-engineering-for-thermal-food-treatment
#10
Alexander Mathys
Micro process engineering as a process synthesis and intensification tool enables an ultra-short thermal treatment of foods within milliseconds (ms) using very high surface-area-to-volume ratios. The innovative application of ultra-short pasteurization and sterilization at high temperatures, but with holding times within the range of ms would allow the preservation of liquid foods with higher qualities, thereby avoiding many unwanted reactions with different temperature-time characteristics. Process challenges, such as fouling, clogging, and potential temperature gradients during such conditions need to be assessed on a case by case basis and optimized accordingly...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682506/new-approach-of-quechers-and-gc-ms-triple-quadrupole-for-the-determination-of-ethyl-carbamate-content-in-brazilian-cacha%C3%A3-as
#11
Tatiane Melina Guerreiro, Kumi Shiota Ozawa, Estela de Oliveira Lima, Carlos Fernando Odir Rodrigues Melo, Diogo Noin de Oliveira, Simone Pereira do Nascimento Triano, Rodrigo Ramos Catharino
Cachaça is a popular spirit produced in Brazil, obtained by distillation of fermented sugar cane. Among the contaminants arising from production, ethyl carbamate is a carcinogenic compound that occurs naturally in fermented foods and beverages; in Brazil, the maximum limit established by current legislation is 150 µg L-1 . Quality control is usually performed using gas chromatography; however, robustness and reproducibility of quantitative results may be severely impaired, as the addition of 6-30 g L-1 of sucrose is a common procedure for taste standardization, directly interfering in the results...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651419/management-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-in-a-patient-treated-with-ketogenic-metabolic-therapy-and-modified-standard-of-care-a-24-month-follow-up
#12
Ahmed M A Elsakka, Mohamed Abdel Bary, Eman Abdelzaher, Mostafa Elnaggar, Miriam Kalamian, Purna Mukherjee, Thomas N Seyfried
Few advances have been made in overall survival for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in more than 40 years. Here, we report the case of a 38-year-old man who presented with chronic headache, nausea, and vomiting accompanied by left partial motor seizures and upper left limb weakness. Enhanced brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a solid cystic lesion in the right partial space suggesting GBM. Serum testing revealed vitamin D deficiency and elevated levels of insulin and triglycerides. Prior to subtotal tumor resection and standard of care (SOC), the patient conducted a 72-h water-only fast...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644218/nutrition-in-the-bin-a-nutritional-and-environmental-assessment-of-food-wasted-in-the-uk
#13
Karen A Cooper, Tom E Quested, Helene Lanctuit, Diane Zimmermann, Namy Espinoza-Orias, Anne Roulin
The UK currently has the most detailed, directly measured data for food wasted in the home. This includes information on the exact types of food wasted. These data allow calculation of the nutrients within that waste, as well as its environmental impact. The results progress the conversation beyond how much food is wasted or its energy content; it permits the implications for nutrition and sustainability to be assessed in detail. Data for UK household food waste were expressed as an average waste per capita for each type of food...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629373/assessment-of-a-nutritional-rehabilitation-model-in-two-modern-broilers-and-their-jungle-fowl-ancestor-a-model-for-better-understanding-childhood-undernutrition
#14
Mikayla F A Baxter, Juan D Latorre, Dawn A Koltes, Sami Dridi, Elizabeth S Greene, Stephen W Bickler, Jae H Kim, Ruben Merino-Guzman, Xochitl Hernandez-Velasco, Nicholas B Anthony, Walter G Bottje, Billy M Hargis, Guillermo Tellez
This article is the first in a series of manuscripts to evaluate nutritional rehabilitation in chickens as a model to study interventions in children malnutrition (Part 1: Performance, Bone Mineralization, and Intestinal Morphometric Analysis). Inclusion of rye in poultry diets induces a nutritional deficit that leads to increased bacterial translocation, intestinal viscosity, and decreased bone mineralization. However, it is unclear the effect of diet on developmental stage or genetic strain. Therefore, the objective was to determine the effects of a rye diet during either the early or late phase of development on performance, bone mineralization, and intestinal morphology across three diverse genetic backgrounds...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616223/geraniin-protects-high-fat-diet-induced-oxidative-stress-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#15
Alexis Panny Y S Chung, Sunil Gurtu, Srikumar Chakravarthi, Mohanambal Moorthy, Uma D Palanisamy
Geraniin, a hydrolysable polyphenol derived from Nephelium lappaceum L. fruit rind, has been shown to possess significant antioxidant activity in vitro and recently been recognized for its therapeutic potential in metabolic syndrome. This study investigated its antioxidative strength and protective effects on organs in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced rodents. Rats were fed HFD for 6 weeks to induce obesity, followed by 10 and 50 mg/kg of geraniin supplementation for 4 weeks to assess its protective potential...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594128/preadministration-of-fermented-sorghum-diet-provides-protection-against-hyperglycemia-induced-oxidative-stress-and-suppressed-glucose-utilization-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#16
Tolulope Dorcas Olawole, Margaret Imuetiyan Okundigie, Solomon Oladapo Rotimi, Ogi Okwumabua, Israel Sunmola Afolabi
Sorghum bicolor grains are rich in phytochemicals known to considerably impact human health. Several health-promoting products such as flour, staple food, and beverages have been produced from sorghum grains. This study investigated the protective and modulatory effects of a sorghum diet on the genes of some antioxidant and glycolytic enzymes in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. The rats were randomly distributed into six groups: the control group received normal diet, while the other groups were pretreated with 12...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594127/effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-on-myogenesis-and-mitochondrial-biosynthesis-during-murine-skeletal-muscle-cell-differentiation
#17
Tun-Yun Hsueh, Jamie I Baum, Yan Huang
Polyunsaturated fatty acids are important nutrients for human health, especially omega-3 fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which have been found to play positive roles in the prevention of various diseases. However, previous studies have reported that excessive omega-3 fatty acids supplement during pregnancy caused side effects such as slower neural transmission times and postnatal growth restriction. In this study, we investigated the effect of EPA and DHA on mitochondrial function and gene expression in C2C12 myoblasts during skeletal muscle differentiation...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564328/maternal-high-fat-and-high-salt-diets-have-differential-programming-effects-on-metabolism-in-adult-male-rat-offspring
#18
Stephanie A Segovia, Mark H Vickers, Claudia J Harrison, Rachna Patel, Clint Gray, Clare M Reynolds
Maternal high-fat or high-salt diets can independently program adverse cardiometabolic outcomes in offspring. However, there is a paucity of evidence examining their effects in combination on metabolic function in adult offspring. Female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned to either: control (CD; 10% kcal from fat, 1% NaCl), high-salt (SD; 10% kcal from fat, 4% NaCl), high-fat (HF; 45% kcal from fat, 1% NaCl) or high-fat and salt (HFSD; 45% kcal from fat, 4% NaCl) diets 21 days prior to mating and throughout pregnancy and lactation...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556498/production-of-a-new-plant-based-milk-from-adenanthera-pavonina-seed-and-evaluation-of-its-nutritional-and-health-benefits
#19
Israel Sunmola Afolabi, Irene Chiamaka Nwachukwu, Chinemelum Sandra Ezeoke, Ruth Chineme Woke, Olawunmi Adebisi Adegbite, Tolulope Dorcas Olawole, Olubukola C Martins
A new plant milk was discovered from the seed of Adenanthera pavonina . The physicochemical and nutritional properties of the new pro-milk extract were assessed, and their biochemical effects were compared with those of soy bean extracts. Eleven groups of three albino rats each were used to assess the health benefits of the pro-milk. Groups were separately administered 3.1, 6.1, and 9.2 µl/g animal wt. pro-milk extract from A. pavonina seed, 6.1 µl/g animal wt. milk extract from soybean, and 6.1 µl/g animal wt...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541638/dietary-acrylamide-and-the-risks-of-developing-cancer-facts-to-ponder
#20
REVIEW
Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Seong Lin Teoh
Acrylamide (AA) is a water soluble white crystalline solid commonly used in industries. It was listed as an industrial chemical with potential carcinogenic properties. However to date, AA was used to produce polyacrylamide polymer, which was widely used as a coagulant in water treatment; additives during papermaking; grouting material for dams, tunnels, and other underground building constructions. AA in food could be formed during high-temperature cooking via several mechanisms, i.e., formation via acrylic acid which may be derived from the degradation of lipid, carbohydrates, or free amino acids; formation via the dehydration/decarboxylation of organic acids (malic acid, lactic acid, and citric acid); and direct formation from amino acids...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
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