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Frontiers in Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396858/egg-consumption-and-incidence-of-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#1
Owais Khawaja, Hemindermeet Singh, Faraz Luni, Ameer Kabour, Syed S Ali, Mohammed Taleb, Hafeezuddin Ahmed, John Michael Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure (HF) remains a major health problem affecting 5.7 million adults in USA. Data on the association of egg consumption with incident HF have been inconsistent. We, therefore, conducted this meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to assess the relation of egg consumption with incident HF in the general population. METHODS: Using extensive online search, we conducted a meta-analysis of new onset HF following exposure to egg consumption...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396857/proteome-profiles-of-digested-products-of-commercial-meat-sources
#2
Li Li, Yuan Liu, Guanghong Zhou, Xinglian Xu, Chunbao Li
This study was designed to characterize in vitro-digested products of proteins from four commercial meat products, including dry-cured ham, cooked ham, emulsion-type sausage, and dry-cured sausage. The samples were homogenized and incubated with pepsin and trypsin. The digestibility and particle sizes of digested products were measured. Nano-LC-MS/MS was applied to characterize peptides. The results showed the highest digestibility and the lowest particle size in dry-cured ham (P < 0.05), while the opposite was for cooked ham (P < 0...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386543/broccoli-microgreens-a-mineral-rich-crop-that-can-diversify-food-systems
#3
Carolyn F Weber
Current malnourishment statistics are high and are exacerbated by contemporary agricultural practices that damage the very environments on which the production of nutritious food depends. As the World's population grows at an unprecedented rate, food systems must be revised to provide adequate nutrition while minimizing environmental impacts. One specific nutritional problem that needs attention is mineral (e.g., Fe and Zn) malnutrition, which impacts over two-thirds of the World's people living in countries of every economic status...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377921/parental-feeding-practices-among-brazilian-school-aged-children-associations-with-parent-and-child-characteristics
#4
Laís Amaral Mais, Sarah Warkentin, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell, José Augusto Aguiar de Carrazedo Taddei
BACKGROUND: Children's eating behavior, food intake, and weight status are highly influenced by parents, who shape their food environment via parental feeding practices. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between sociodemographic, anthropometric, and behavioral/attitudinal characteristics of parents and their 5- to 9-year-old children and a range of positive ("healthy eating guidance," "monitoring") and potentially negative ("restriction for weight control," "restriction for health," "emotion regulation/food as reward," and "pressure") parental feeding practices...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373974/animal-models-for-the-study-of-the-relationships-between-diet-and-obesity-a-focus-on-dietary-protein-and-estrogen-deficiency
#5
REVIEW
Tristan Chalvon-Demersay, François Blachier, Daniel Tomé, Anne Blais
Obesity is an increasing major public health concern asking for dietary strategies to limit weight gain and associated comorbidities. In this review, we present animal models, particularly rats and mice, which have been extensively used by scientists to understand the consequences of diet quality on weight gain and health. Notably, modulation of dietary protein quantity and/or quality has been shown to exert huge effects on body composition homeostasis through the modulation of food intake, energy expenditure, and metabolic pathways...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367435/effect-of-underlying-renal-disease-on-nutritional-and-metabolic-profile-of-older-adults-with-reduced-renal-function
#6
Silvia Lai, Maria Ida Amabile, Silvia Altieri, Daniela Mastroluca, Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Crudo, Anna Rita D'Angelo, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Alessio Molfino
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a common condition in the general population, particularly among older adults. Renal impairment is in turn associated with metabolic and nutritional derangements and with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. AIM: To compare the metabolic, nutritional, and cardiovascular impact of reduced kidney function between patients with and without known renal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled consecutive outpatients (age ≥65 years) with reduced renal function who were divided into two groups: Group A with history of renal disease and Group B with unknown renal disease...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352628/neuroprotective-effects-of-selected-microbial-derived-phenolic-metabolites-and-aroma-compounds-from-wine-in-human-sh-sy5y-neuroblastoma-cells-and-their-putative-mechanisms-of-action
#7
A Esteban-Fernández, C Rendeiro, J P E Spencer, D Gigorro Del Coso, M D González de Llano, B Bartolomé, M V Moreno-Arribas
Moderate wine consumption has shown the potential to delay the onset of neurodegenerative diseases. This study investigates the molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effects of wine-derived phenolic and aroma compounds in a neuroinflammation model based on SIN-1 stress-induced injury in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Cell pretreatment with microbial metabolites found in blood after wine consumption, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic (3,4-DHPA), 3-hydroxyphenylacetic acids and salicylic β-d-O-glucuronide, at physiologically concentrations (0...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275609/the-domains-of-human-nutrition-the-importance-of-nutrition-education-in-academia-and-medical-schools
#8
Lorenzo M Donini, Francesco Leonardi, Mariangela Rondanelli, Giuseppe Banderali, Maurizio Battino, Enrico Bertoli, Alessandra Bordoni, Furio Brighenti, Riccardo Caccialanza, Giulia Cairella, Antonio Caretto, Hellas Cena, Manuela Gambarara, Maria Gabriella Gentile, Marcello Giovannini, Lucio Lucchin, Pietro Migliaccio, Francesco Nicastro, Fabrizio Pasanisi, Luca Piretta, Danilo Radrizzani, Carla Roggi, Giuseppe Rotilio, Luca Scalfi, Roberto Vettor, Federico Vignati, Nino C Battistini, Maurizio Muscaritoli
Human nutrition encompasses an extremely broad range of medical, social, commercial, and ethical domains and thus represents a wide, interdisciplinary scientific and cultural discipline. The high prevalence of both disease-related malnutrition and overweight/obesity represents an important risk factor for disease burden and mortality worldwide. It is the opinion of Federation of the Italian Nutrition Societies (FeSIN) that these two sides of the same coin, with their sociocultural background, are related to a low "nutritional culture" secondary, at least in part, to an insufficient academic training for health-care professionals (HCPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194398/sphincter-of-oddi-function-and-risk-factors-for-dysfunction
#9
REVIEW
Elham Afghani, Simon K Lo, Paul S Covington, Brooks D Cash, Stephen J Pandol
The sphincter of Oddi (SO) is a smooth muscle valve regulating the flow of biliary and pancreatic secretions into the duodenum, initially described in 1887 by the Italian anatomist, Ruggero Oddi. SO dysfunction (SOD) is a broad term referring to numerous biliary, pancreatic, and hepatic disorders resulting from spasms, strictures, and relaxation of this valve at inappropriate times. This review brings attention to various factors that may increase the risk of SOD, including but not limited to: cholecystectomy, opiates, and alcohol...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149839/soy-based-therapeutic-baby-formulas-testable-hypotheses-regarding-the-pros-and-cons
#10
Cara J Westmark
Soy-based infant formulas have been consumed in the United States since 1909, and currently constitute a significant portion of the infant formula market. There are efforts underway to generate genetically modified soybeans that produce therapeutic agents of interest with the intent to deliver those agents in a soy-based infant formula platform. The threefold purpose of this review article is to first discuss the pros and cons of soy-based infant formulas, then present testable hypotheses to discern the suitability of a soy platform for drug delivery in babies, and finally start a discussion to inform public policy on this important area of infant nutrition...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138437/commentary-thiamine-deficiency-in-tropical-pediatrics-new-insights-into-a-neglected-but-vital-metabolic-challenge
#11
COMMENT
Heitor Pons Leite, Lúcio Flávio Peixoto de Lima, Tulio Konstantyner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111625/flexitarian-diets-and-health-a-review-of-the-evidence-based-literature
#12
REVIEW
Emma J Derbyshire
A flexitarian or semi-vegetarian diet (SVD) is one that is primarily vegetarian with the occasional inclusion of meat or fish. Of late, there appears to be an increasing movement toward this practice. There has not been a recent update on these diets from a health perspective. Using the National Centre for Biotechnology Information PubMed database, a search was made for all studies published between 2000 and 2016 that met defined inclusion criteria. A total of 25 studies were located with 12 focusing on body weight and diet quality...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097121/the-gastrointestinal-tract-as-a-key-target-organ-for-the-health-promoting-effects-of-dietary-proanthocyanidins
#13
REVIEW
María José Cires, Ximena Wong, Catalina Carrasco-Pozo, Martin Gotteland
Proanthocyanidins (PACs) are polymers of flavan-3-ols abundant in many vegetable foods and beverages widely consumed in the human diet. There is increasing evidence supporting the beneficial impact of dietary PACs in the prevention and nutritional management of non-communicable chronic diseases. It is considered that PACs with a degree of polymerization >3 remain unabsorbed in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and accumulate in the colonic lumen. Accordingly, the GI tract may be considered as a key organ for the healthy-promoting effects of dietary PACs...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066773/energy-expenditure-in-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Nathan Caron, Nicolas Peyrot, Teddy Caderby, Chantal Verkindt, Georges Dalleau
Physical activity (PA) is an important non-therapeutic tool in primary prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM). To improve activity-based health management, patients need to quantify activity-related energy expenditure and the other components of total daily energy expenditure. This review explores differences between the components of total energy expenditure in patients with DM and healthy people and presents various tools for assessing the energy expenditure in subjects with DM. From this review, it appears that patients with uncontrolled DM have a higher basal energy expenditure (BEE) than healthy people which must be considered in the establishment of new BEE estimate equations...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066772/comparative-genomic-analysis-of-two-serotype-1-2b-listeria-monocytogenes-isolates-from-analogous-environmental-niches-demonstrates-the-influence-of-hypervariable-hotspots-in-defining-pathogenesis
#15
Aidan Casey, Kieran Jordan, Aidan Coffey, Edward M Fox, Olivia McAuliffe
The vast majority of clinical human listeriosis cases are caused by serotype 1/2a, 1/2b, 1/2c, and 4b isolates of Listeria monocytogenes. The ability of L. monocytogenes to establish a systemic listeriosis infection within a host organism relies on a combination of genes that are involved in cell recognition, internalization, evasion of host defenses, and in vitro survival and growth. Recently, whole genome sequencing and comparative genomic analysis have proven to be powerful tools for the identification of these virulence-associated genes in L...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066771/impact-of-the-consumption-of-tea-polyphenols-on-early-atherosclerotic-lesion-formation-and-intestinal-bifidobacteria-in-high-fat-fed-apoe-mice
#16
Zhen-Lin Liao, Ben-Hua Zeng, Wei Wang, Gui-Hua Li, Fei Wu, Li Wang, Qing-Ping Zhong, Hong Wei, Xiang Fang
There is an increasing interest in the effect of dietary polyphenols on the intestinal microbiota and the possible associations between this effect and the development of some cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis (AS). However, limited information is available on how these polyphenols affect the gut microbiota and AS development. This study was designed to evaluate the modulation of dietary tea polyphenols (TPs) on intestinal Bifidobacteria (IB) and its correlation with AS development in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965963/transforming-beef-by-products-into-valuable-ingredients-which-spell-recipe-to-use
#17
Maeve Henchion, Mary McCarthy, Jim O'Callaghan
Satisfying the increasing global demand for protein results in challenges from a supply perspective. Increased use of animal proteins, through greater use of meat by-products, could form part of the solution, subject to consumer acceptance. This research investigates consumer evaluations of food products that incorporate ingredients derived from offals that have been produced through a range of food processing technologies. Using focus groups incorporating product stimuli representing various combinations of offals, processing, and carrier products, the research finds that the physical state and perceived naturalness of the ingredients influences acceptance...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965962/caffeine-consumption-and-general-health-in-secondary-school-children-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analysis
#18
Gareth Richards, Andrew P Smith
Although caffeine is sometimes associated with beneficial effects in adults, the substance may be dangerous if intake is too high. This concern is particularly relevant in regards to children and adolescents, as consumption of energy drinks may be particularly high in such populations. For this reason, the current study examined data from the Cornish Academies Project to determine whether caffeine intake in secondary school children was related to responses to a single-item measure of general health. Two cross-sections of data were available: questionnaires were completed by 2030 at baseline, by 2307 at 6-month follow-up, and by 1660 at both time-points...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933297/exhibitionist-eating-who-wins-eating-competitions
#19
Brian Wansink, Kevin M Kniffin
OBJECTIVE: How and why does competition and spectator involvement influence eating behaviors? The primary objective of this article is to explore the nature of competitive eating with the goal of identifying implications for other social situations. DESIGN: Study 1 investigated how many chicken wings were eaten by men and women in a 30-min eating competition when cheering spectators either were or were not present (compared to a control condition). The second study sought to explain Study 1's findings through a survey of 93 students who rated male or female competitive eaters (in randomized order) based on intelligence, attractiveness, health, strength, and how romantic they expected the eaters to be...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933296/modeling-diet-induced-obesity-with-obesity-prone-rats-implications-for-studies-in-females
#20
REVIEW
Erin D Giles, Matthew R Jackman, Paul S MacLean
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, and the comorbidities associated with obesity are numerous. Over the last two decades, we and others have employed an outbred rat model to study the development and persistence of obesity, as well as the metabolic complications that accompany excess weight. In this review, we summarize the strengths and limitations of this model and how it has been applied to further our understanding of human physiology in the context of weight loss and weight regain. We also discuss how the approach has been adapted over time for studies in females and female-specific physiological conditions, such as menopause and breast cancer...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
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