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Frontiers in Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013974/the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-mindfulness-and-an-internet-intervention-for-obesity-a-case-series
#1
Keizaburo Ogata, Ken I Koyama, Marie Amitani, Haruka Amitani, Akihiro Asakawa, Akio Inui
It is difficult for obese (body mass index of more than 30) and overweight (body mass index of 25-30) people to reduce and maintain their weight. The aim of this case series was to examine the effectiveness of a new cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program that combines mindfulness exercises (e.g., the raisin exercise and breathing exercises) and an online intervention to prevent dropout and subsequent weight gain in overweight participants. This case series included three participants, for whom previous weight reduction programs had been unsuccessful...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998110/sensory-assessment-by-consumers-of-traditional-and-potentially-probiotic-green-spanish-style-table-olives
#2
Antonio López-López, José M Moreno-Baquero, Francisco Rodríguez-Gómez, Pedro García-García, Antonio Garrido-Fernández
This work presents the sensory characterization by consumers of traditionally and potentially probiotic green Spanish-style table olives. To this aim, green Manzanilla olives from the same lot were debittered, washed, and brined in the same way; then, one sub-lot was allowed fermenting spontaneously while another one was inoculated with a putative probiotic bacterium ( Lactobacillus pentosus TOMC-LAB2). After fermentation, the olives from both sub-lots were packed with fresh brine to reach 5.5 g/100 mL NaCl and 0...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988421/effects-of-bovine-immunoglobulins-on-immune-function-allergy-and-infection
#3
REVIEW
Laurien H Ulfman, Jeanette H W Leusen, Huub F J Savelkoul, John O Warner, R J Joost van Neerven
This review aims to provide an in depth overview of the current knowledge of the effects of bovine immunoglobulins on the human immune system. The stability and functional effects of orally ingested bovine immunoglobulins in milk products are described and potential mechanisms of action are discussed. Orally ingested bovine IgG (bovine IgG) can be recovered from feces, ranging from very low levels up to 50% of the ingested IgG that has passed through the gastrointestinal tract. In infants the recovered levels are higher than in adults most likely due to differences in stomach and intestinal conditions such as pH...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977894/a-review-of-the-use-of-linear-programming-to-optimize-diets-nutritiously-economically-and-environmentally
#4
REVIEW
Corné van Dooren
The "Diet Problem" (the search of a low-cost diet that would meet the nutritional needs of a US Army soldier) is characterized by a long history, whereas most solutions for comparable diet problems were developed in 2000 or later, during which computers with large calculation capacities became widely available and linear programming (LP) tools were developed. Based on the selected literature (52 papers), LP can be applied to a variety of diet problems, from food aid, national food programmes, and dietary guidelines to individual issues...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963555/global-provisioning-of-red-meat-for-flexitarian-diets
#5
REVIEW
Talia M Hicks, Scott O Knowles, Mustafa M Farouk
Although not always labeled as such, flexitarianism is the default lifestyle for much of the world, whereby meals based on plant materials provide the bulk of people's calories. The rich nutrition of meat and animal products is often the lynchpin of these diets, even when only consumed occasionally. It provides forms and concentrations of essential proteins, lipids, and micronutrients that are otherwise scarce. However, the production of this meat is resource intensive. It requires large quantities of arable land and water, and typically has lower conversion efficiency of farm inputs to edible outputs compared with crops, poultry, aquaculture, dairy, and eggs...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946546/the-impact-of-antidepressant-therapy-on-glycemic-control-in-canadian-primary-care-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Justin Gagnon, Marie-Thérèse Lussier, Brenda MacGibbon, Stella S Daskalopoulou, Gillian Bartlett
Context: Depression is common in people with diabetes and is associated with poor glycemic control. Evidence suggests that certain antidepressants (AD) increase the risk of poor control. Few population-based studies have examined the impact of individual ADs on glycemic control. This study's objective is to measure the impact of Citalopram, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Trazodone and Escitalopram on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in Canadian primary care patients with diabetes. Methods: A retrospective study of electronic medical records (EMR) from 115 primary care practices across Canada was undertaken...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938206/comparing-the-performance-of-bread-and-breakfast-cereals-dairy-and-meat-in-nutritionally-balanced-and-sustainable-diets
#7
Gerard F H Kramer, Elsa V Martinez, Namy D Espinoza-Orias, Karen A Cooper, Marcelo Tyszler, Hans Blonk
Objective: To quantify the performance of food products in a sustainable diet based on the balance of their contribution to nutrient intake and environmental impact, within the context of the Dutch diet. Design: While fixing the quantity of a specific food group at different levels, optimized diets that met nutrient requirements and stayed as close as possible to the current Dutch diet were calculated, in order to understand its potential environmental impact and its nutritional quality. Bread & breakfast cereals, dairy, and meat were compared between 0 and 250% of current intake...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922652/nutritional-assessment-of-dietary-bt-and-cp4epsps-proteins-on-the-serum-biochemical-changes-of-rabbits-at-different-developmental-stages
#8
Ibrahim B Salisu, Ahmad A Shahid, Qasim Ali, Abdul Q Rao, Tayyab Husnain
In recent years, the influence of genetically modified (GM) cotton expressing different types of Bt and EPSPS genes has been attested in term of reduced application of pesticides and insecticides coupled with improved cotton production. Although the cultivation of GM cotton has been authorized by the regulatory authorities of various countries in the world, based on the biosafety studies reported by most of the GM cotton producers, yet the information on its safe use are inadequate. In order to support the issues on food safety, it is therefore mandatory to conduct further safety assessment studies on GM cotton for each independent transgenic event on the basis of case assessment rule...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922651/gut-microbiome-composition-in-non-human-primates-consuming-a-western-or-mediterranean-diet
#9
Ravinder Nagpal, Carol A Shively, Susan A Appt, Thomas C Register, Kristofer T Michalson, Mara Z Vitolins, Hariom Yadav
The mammalian gastrointestinal tract harbors a highly diverse and dynamic community of bacteria. The array of this gut bacterial community, which functions collectively as a fully unified organ in the host metabolism, varies greatly among different host species and can be shaped by long-term nutritional interventions. Non-human primates, our close phylogenetic relatives and ancestors, provide an excellent model for studying diet-microbiome interaction; however, compared to clinical and rodent studies, research targeting primate gut microbiome has been limited...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904634/dietary-walnuts-protect-against-obesity-driven-intestinal-stem-cell-decline-and-tumorigenesis
#10
Fangxia Guan, Tahmineh Tabrizian, Ardijana Novaj, Masako Nakanishi, Daniel W Rosenberg, Derek M Huffman
Obesity can negatively impact intestinal homeostasis, and increase colon cancer risk and related mortality. Thus, given the alarmingly high rates of obesity in the US and globally, it is critical to identify practical strategies that can break the obesity-cancer link. Walnuts have been increasingly recognized to mitigate cancer risk, and contain many bioactive constituents with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that could potentially counteract pathways thought to be initiators of obesity-related cancer...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900174/inefficient-metabolism-of-the-human-milk-oligosaccharides-lacto-n-tetraose-and-lacto-n-neotetraose-shifts-bifidobacterium-longum-subsp-infantis-physiology
#11
Ezgi Özcan, David A Sela
Human milk contains a high concentration of indigestible oligosaccharides, which likely mediated the coevolution of the nursing infant with its gut microbiome. Specifically, Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis ( B. infantis ) often colonizes the infant gut and utilizes these human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) to enrich their abundance. In this study, the physiology and mechanisms underlying B. infantis utilization of two HMO isomers lacto- N -tetraose (LNT) and lacto- N -neotetraose (LNnT) was investigated in addition to their carbohydrate constituents...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896479/impact-of-rye-kernel-based-evening-meal-on-microbiota-composition-of-young-healthy-lean-volunteers-with-an-emphasis-on-their-hormonal-and-appetite-regulations-and-blood-levels-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#12
Olena Prykhodko, Jonna Sandberg, Stephen Burleigh, Inger Björck, Anne Nilsson, Frida Fåk Hållenius
Rye kernel bread (RKB) evening meals improve glucose tolerance, enhance appetite regulation and increase satiety in healthy volunteers. These beneficial effects on metabolic responses have been shown to be associated with increased gut fermentation. The present study aimed to elucidate if RKB evening meals may cause rapid alterations in microbiota composition that might be linked to metabolic-, immune-, and appetite- parameters. Gut-brain axis interaction was also studied by relating microbiota composition to amount of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in blood plasma...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892599/a-statistical-framework-to-interpret-individual-response-to-intervention-paving-the-way-for-personalized-nutrition-and-exercise-prescription
#13
REVIEW
Paul A Swinton, Ben Stephens Hemingway, Bryan Saunders, Bruno Gualano, Eimear Dolan
The concept of personalized nutrition and exercise prescription represents a topical and exciting progression for the discipline given the large inter-individual variability that exists in response to virtually all performance and health related interventions. Appropriate interpretation of intervention-based data from an individual or group of individuals requires practitioners and researchers to consider a range of concepts including the confounding influence of measurement error and biological variability...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888226/three-month-feeding-integration-with-bifidobacterium-strains-prevents-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-healthy-newborns
#14
Irene Aloisio, Flavia Prodam, Enza Giglione, Nicole Bozzi Cionci, Arianna Solito, Simonetta Bellone, Loredana Baffoni, Luca Mogna, Marco Pane, Gianni Bona, Diana Di Gioia
Infantile functional gastrointestinal disorders are common in the first months of life. Their pathogenesis remains unknown although evidences suggest multiple independent causes, including gut microbiota modifications. Feeding type, influencing the composition of intestinal microbiota, could play a significant role in the pathogenesis. Previous studies supported probiotic supplementation success against colics, however mainly Lactobacillus spp. were tested. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness against functional gastrointestinal disorders of a Bifidobacterium breve based probiotic formulation including in the study both breast-fed and bottle-fed subjects...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881727/colorectal-cancer-cells-increase-the-production-of-short-chain-fatty-acids-by-propionibacterium-freudenreichii-impacting-on-cancer-cells-survival
#15
Marta R Casanova, João Azevedo-Silva, Ligia R Rodrigues, Ana Preto
Propionibacterium freudenreichii is a commercially relevant bacterium with probiotic potential. This bacterium can exert protective effects particularly against colorectal cancer (CRC), via the production of short chain fatty acids (SCFA), namely acetate and propionate. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the performance and adaptation capacity of P. freudenreichii to a simulated digestive stress using different culture media, namely YEL, Basal medium, Mimicking the Content of the Human Colon medium (MCHC) and DMEM...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876354/incorporation-of-dairy-lipids-in-the-diet-increased-long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acids-status-in-post-weaning-rats
#16
Gaetan Drouin, Daniel Catheline, Annaëlle Sinquin, Charlotte Baudry, Pascale Le Ruyet, Vincent Rioux, Philippe Legrand
In human nutrition, optimized the status of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) during growth appears to be one of the most important goal. We investigated the potential impact of a partial incorporation of dairy lipids (DL) in the diet to increase the n-3 LCPUFA content in tissues, compared to a mixture of vegetable oils. Rats were fed with vegetable oil diet or DL diet, supplemented or not supplemented with DHA, from weaning for 6 weeks. All diets provided the same quantity of 2...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876353/metabolomics-and-ionomics-of-potato-tuber-reveals-an-influence-of-cultivar-and-market-class-on-human-nutrients-and-bioactive-compounds
#17
Jacqueline M Chaparro, David G Holm, Corey D Broeckling, Jessica E Prenni, Adam L Heuberger
Potato ( Solanum tuberosum L.) is an important global food crop that contains phytochemicals with demonstrated effects on human health. Understanding sources of chemical variation of potato tuber can inform breeding for improved health attributes of the cooked food. Here, a comprehensive metabolomics (UPLC- and GC-MS) and ionomics (ICP-MS) analysis of raw and cooked potato tuber was performed on 60 unique potato genotypes that span 5 market classes including russet, red, yellow, chip, and specialty potatoes...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872661/minding-one-s-reach-to-eat-the-promise-of-computer-mouse-tracking-to-study-self-regulation-of-eating
#18
REVIEW
Richard B Lopez, Paul E Stillman, Todd F Heatherton, Jonathan B Freeman
In this review, we present the case for using computer mouse-tracking techniques to examine psychological processes that support (and hinder) self-regulation of eating. We first argue that computer mouse-tracking is suitable for studying the simultaneous engagement of-and dynamic interactions between-multiple perceptual and cognitive processes as they unfold and interact over a fine temporal scale (i.e., hundreds of milliseconds). Next, we review recent work that implemented mouse-tracking techniques by measuring mouse movements as participants chose between various food items (of varying nutritional content)...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872660/a-fork-to-farm-multi-scale-approach-to-promote-sustainable-food-systems-for-nutrition-and-health-a-perspective-for-the-mediterranean-region
#19
Eric O Verger, Marlene Perignon, Jalila El Ati, Nicole Darmon, Marie-Claude Dop, Sophie Drogué, Sandrine Dury, Cédric Gaillard, Carole Sinfort, Marie-Josèphe Amiot
Mediterranean countries are undergoing dietary and nutritional changes that affect their inhabitants' health, while facing massive environmental challenges. The increasing demand of water in agriculture, the capacity to maintain local food production, and the growing dependence on food imports are interconnected issues that must be addressed to ensure food security and nutrition in the Mediterranean region. Here, we present the conceptual framework and methodologies developed by the MEDINA-Study Group for rethinking food systems toward sustainable consumption and production modes...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868601/dietary-considerations-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-the-potential-role-of-protein-digestion-and-microbial-putrefaction-in-the-gut-brain-axis
#20
REVIEW
Megan R Sanctuary, Jennifer N Kain, Kathleen Angkustsiri, J Bruce German
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), characterized by a range of behavioral abnormalities and social deficits, display high incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) co-morbidities including chronic constipation and diarrhea. Research is now increasingly able to characterize the "fragile gut" in these children and understand the role that impairment of specific GI functions plays in the GI symptoms associated with ASD. This mechanistic understanding is extending to the interactions between diet and ASD, including food structure and protein digestive capacity in exacerbating autistic symptoms...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
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