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International Scholarly Research Notices

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680949/sapium-ellipticum-hochst-pax-ethanol-leaf-extract-maintains-lipid-homeostasis-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#1
Osasenaga Mcdonald Ighodaro, Oluseyi Adeboye Akinloye, Regina Ngozi Ugbaja, Samuel Olatunbosun Omotainse
Dyslipidemia is a common metabolic disorder especially in diabetes mellitus (DM). In this study, the ability of Sapium ellipticum (SE) leaf extract to restore lipid homeostasis in streptozotocin-induced diabetes was examined. DM was induced in experimental rats (Wistar strains) using single intraperitoneal dose (55 mg/kg body weight {BW}) of streptozotocin (STZ). Treatment of diabetic rats with SE was oral (p.o), at doses of 400 and 800 mg kg(-1) BW, twice daily at 8 h interval for 21 days. Lipid parameters were analyzed in the serum of rats using test kits...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656171/a-five-year-review-of-perforated-peptic-ulcer-disease-in-irrua-nigeria
#2
A E Dongo, O Uhunmwagho, E B Kesieme, S U Eluehike, E F Alufohai
BACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer perforation is a common cause of emergency admission and surgery. This is the first study that documents the presentation and outcome of management in Irrua, Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This is a prospective study of all patients operated on for perforated peptic ulcer between April 1, 2010, and March 31, 2015. A structured questionnaire containing patients' demographics, operation findings, and outcome was filled upon discharge or death...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630891/frequency-of-neurological-disorders-in-bullous-pemphigoid-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Sheida Khosravani, Farhad Handjani, Reyhaneh Alimohammadi, Nasrin Saki
BACKGROUND: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune subepidermal blistering skin disorder which occurs mostly in the elderly. Several studies have reported an association between BP and neurological disorders (ND). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between BP and neurological disorders in Iranian patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 87 patients with BP were enrolled. They were compared to 184 controls...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630890/drd4-gene-polymorphisms-as-a-risk-factor-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-iranian-population
#4
Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Shahrokh Amiri, Sara Faghfouri, Seyed Gholamreza Noorazar, Shahin AbdollahiFakhim, Ali Fakhari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Dopamine dysfunction is known to be associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) is one of the important genes in this pathway. This study intended to investigate the variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) in exon 3 of the DRD4 gene in Iranian children and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 130 children with ADHD, aged 6-14 years, and 130 healthy children, within the same age range, were enrolled...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593189/formulation-and-development-of-a-validated-uv-spectrophotometric-analytical-method-of-rutin-tablet
#5
Murad N Abualhasan, Jumana Mansour, Nidal Jaradat, Abdel Naser Zaid, Ibrahim Khadra
Rutin is available in some foods, fruits, and vegetables. It has various beneficial medical effects making it useful in the treatment of various diseases. Rutin is available in different oral dosage forms such as tablets or capsules, widely available in the market. Rutin and many herbal medicines lack quality control due to unavailability of analytical methods. In this study, we formulated rutin tablet and studied its stability using a simple developed analytical method. The dissolution profile of our formulated tablet was also inspected...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589174/effectiveness-of-positive-thinking-training-program-on-nurses-quality-of-work-life-through-smartphone-applications
#6
Mohadeseh Motamed-Jahromi, Zhila Fereidouni, Azizallah Dehghan
AIM: Job stress is a part of nurses' professional life that causes the decrease of the nurses' job satisfaction and quality of work life. This study aimed to determine the effect of positive thinking via social media applications on the nurses' quality of work life. METHODS: This was a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study design with a control group. The samples were selected among the nurses in two hospitals in Fasa University of Medical Sciences and divided randomly into two interventional (n = 50) and control (n = 50) groups...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584862/corrigendum-to-comparative-study-on-the-efficacy-of-anorganic-bovine-bone-bio-oss-and-nanocrystalline-hydroxyapatite-ostim-in-maxillary-sinus-floor-augmentation
#7
Adileh Shirmohammadi, Leila Roshangar, Mohammad Taghi Chitsazi, Reza Pourabbas, Masoumeh Faramarzi, Nasrin Rahmanpour
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/967091.].
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553658/a-consistent-definition-of-phase-resetting-using-hilbert-transform
#8
Sorinel A Oprisan
A phase resetting curve (PRC) measures the transient change in the phase of a neural oscillator subject to an external perturbation. The PRC encapsulates the dynamical response of a neural oscillator and, as a result, it is often used for predicting phase-locked modes in neural networks. While phase is a fundamental concept, it has multiple definitions that may lead to contradictory results. We used the Hilbert Transform (HT) to define the phase of the membrane potential oscillations and HT amplitude to estimate the PRC of a single neural oscillator...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540364/laboratory-electrical-resistivity-studies-on-cement-stabilized-soil
#9
Nimi Ann Vincent, R Shivashankar, K N Lokesh, Jinu Mary Jacob
Electrical resistivity measurement of freshly prepared uncured and cured soil-cement materials is done and the correlations between the factors controlling the performance of soil-cement and electrical resistivity are discussed in this paper. Conventional quality control of soil-cement quite often involves wastage of a lot of material, if it does not meet the strength criteria. In this study, it is observed that, in soil-cement, resistivity follows a similar trend as unconfined compressive strength, with increase in cement content and time of curing...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536708/performance-of-sorghum-varieties-under-variable-rainfall-in-central-tanzania
#10
Barnabas M Msongaleli, S D Tumbo, N I Kihupi, Filbert B Rwehumbiza
Rainfall variability has a significant impact on crop production with manifestations in frequent crop failure in semiarid areas. This study used the parameterized APSIM crop model to investigate how rainfall variability may affect yields of improved sorghum varieties based on long-term historical rainfall and projected climate. Analyses of historical rainfall indicate a mix of nonsignificant and significant trends on the onset, cessation, and length of the growing season. The study confirmed that rainfall variability indeed affects yields of improved sorghum varieties...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529969/antioxidant-and-synergistic-antidiabetic-activities-of-a-three-plant-preparation-used-in-cameroon-folk-medicine
#11
Bruno Moukette Moukette, Vicky Jocelyne Ama Moor, Cacral Prosper Biapa Nya, Pauline Nanfack, Francine Tankeu Nzufo, Marcel Azabji Kenfack, Jeanne Yonkeu Ngogang, Constant Anatole Pieme
Introduction. Several plant preparations like a mixture of aqueous extracts of Spilanthes africana; Portulaca oleracea; and Sida rhombifolia are currently utilized in Foumban (West Cameroon) to manage diabetes. The aim of this study is to investigate the antidiabetic property of the aqueous mixture of three plant extracts (1 : 1 : 1) on streptozotocin induced diabetes rats. Methods. Diabetes was induced to rats by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of streptozotocin (STZ) at a dose of 50 mg/kg b.w...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523288/extracellular-xylanopectinolytic-enzymes-by-bacillus-subtilis-adi1-from-efb-s-compost
#12
Muhammad Hariadi Nawawi, Rosfarizan Mohamad, Paridah Md Tahir, Wan Zuhainis Saad
Microbial xylanase and pectinase are two extremely valuable enzymes, which have captivated much attention. This can be seen from the increased demand for these enzymes by many industrial sectors. This study investigates the isolation and screening of extracellular xylanopectinolytic enzymes-producing bacteria in a submerged fermentation (SmF). Samples are collected from the compost of empty fruit bunch (EFB) at Biocompost Pilot Plant, located at Biorefinery Plant, Universiti Putra Malaysia. From the experiment, out of 20 isolates, 11 isolates show xylanase or/and pectinase activity, and only one isolate (EFB-11) shows the concurrent activities of xylanase and pectinase...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487878/interactions-of-nitrogen-source-and-rate-and-weed-removal-timing-relative-to-nitrogen-content-in-corn-and-weeds-and-corn-grain-yield
#13
Alexandra M Knight, Wesley J Everman, David L Jordan, Ronnie W Heiniger, T Jot Smyth
Adequate fertility combined with effective weed management is important in maximizing corn (Zea mays L.) grain yield. Corn uptake of nitrogen (N) is dependent upon many factors including weed species and density and the rate and formulation of applied N fertilizer. Understanding interactions among corn, applied N, and weeds is important in developing management strategies. Field studies were conducted in North Carolina to compare corn and weed responses to urea ammonium nitrate (UAN), sulfur-coated urea (SCU), and composted poultry litter (CPL) when a mixture of Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487877/preoperative-fasting-among-adult-patients-for-elective-surgery-in-a-kenyan-referral-hospital
#14
George Njoroge, Lucy Kivuti-Bitok, Samuel Kimani
Background. Preoperative fasting (POF) is physiologically and precautionary important during anesthesia and surgery. POF from midnight has been practiced despite the recommended shorter practice. Objective. Assessing preoperative fasting among adult patients scheduled for elective surgery at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH). Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving 65 surgical patients. A questionnaire of mixed questions on demographics, reasons, source of instructions, opinion on instructions, time, premedication practices, outcome, and complains on NPO was used...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466067/predictive-regression-equations-of-flowmetric-and-spirometric-peak-expiratory-flow-in-healthy-moroccan-adults
#15
Khalid Bouti, Iliass Maouni, Jouda Benamor, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi
Introduction. PEF has never been characterized among healthy Moroccan adults. The objective of this study is to describe the values of PEF among healthy Moroccan adults, to study its relationship with anthropometric parameters (gender, age, height, and weight), to compare spirometric and flowmetric PEF, to establish the prediction equations for PEF, and to study the correlation between PEF and FEV1. Methods. Cross-sectional study conducted between May and June 2016. It involved healthy nonsmoking volunteers living in Tetouan, Morocco, gathered through a mobile stand realization of spirometry and peak flow measurements...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421208/enhancing-tumor-detection-in-ir-uwb-breast-cancer-system
#16
Sara Fouad, Reda Ghoname, Abd Elmonem Elmahdy, Abd Elhalim Zekry
An ultra-wideband (UWB) microwave system for breast cancer detection is presented. The proposed system includes monocycle pulse generator, antipodal Vivaldi antenna, breast model, and calibration algorithm for tumor detection. Firstly, our pulse generator employs transmission gate in glitch generator to achieve several advantages such as low power consumption and low ringing level. Secondly, the antipodal Vivaldi antenna is designed assuming FR4 dielectric substrate material, and developed antenna element (80 × 80 mm(2)) features a -10 dB return loss and bandwidth ranges from 2...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386585/comprehensive-histological-and-immunochemical-forensic-studies-in-deaths-occurring-in-custody
#17
REVIEW
Kenneth Nugent, Menfil A Orellana-Barrios, Dolores Buscemi
In-custody deaths have several causes, and these include homicide, suicide, natural death from chronic diseases, and unexplained death possibly related to acute stress, asphyxia, excited delirium, and drug intoxication. In some instances, these deaths are attributed to undefined accidents and natural causes even though there is no obvious natural cause apparent after investigation. Understanding these deaths requires a comprehensive investigation, including documentation of circumstances surrounding the death, review of past medical history, drug and toxicology screens, and a forensic autopsy...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378012/computational-acoustic-beamforming-for-noise-source-identification-for-small-wind-turbines
#18
Ping Ma, Fue-Sang Lien, Eugene Yee
This paper develops a computational acoustic beamforming (CAB) methodology for identification of sources of small wind turbine noise. This methodology is validated using the case of the NACA 0012 airfoil trailing edge noise. For this validation case, the predicted acoustic maps were in excellent conformance with the results of the measurements obtained from the acoustic beamforming experiment. Following this validation study, the CAB methodology was applied to the identification of noise sources generated by a commercial small wind turbine...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299350/orthodontic-management-in-aggressive-periodontitis
#19
REVIEW
Rajesh Gyawali, Bhagabat Bhattarai
Aggressive periodontitis is a type of periodontitis with early onset and rapid progression and mostly affecting young adults who occupy a large percentage of orthodontic patients. The role of the orthodontist is important in screening the disease, making a provisional diagnosis, and referring it to a periodontist for immediate treatment. The orthodontist should be aware of the disease not only before starting the appliance therapy, but also during and after the active mechanotherapy. The orthodontic treatment plan, biomechanics, and appliance system may need to be modified to deal with the teeth having reduced periodontal support...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286862/consistency-test-between-scoring-systems-for-predicting-outcomes-of-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-a-saudi-population-treated-with-imatinib
#20
Haneen R Banjar, Enaam Alsobhi
Inconsistency in prognostic scores occurs where two different risk categories are applied to the same chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patient. This study evaluated common scoring systems for identifying risk groups based on patients' molecular responses to select the best prognostic score when conflict prognoses are obtained from patient profiles. We analyzed 104 patients diagnosed with CML and treated at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Saudi Arabia, who were monitored for major molecular response (achieving a BCR-ABL1 transcript level equal to or less than 0...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
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