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International Scholarly Research Notices

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181441/the-severity-of-retinopathy-in-the-extremely-premature-infants
#1
Alexandra Trivli, Maria Polychronaki, Charoula Matalliotaki, Michail Papadimas, Athina E Patelarou, Niki Dermitzaki, Michail Matalliotakis
Objective: We aimed to investigate the incidence and the severity of retinopathy of extremely premature infants and to evaluate the risk factors and outcome of the cases. Materials and Methods: Out of 200 premature births, we retrospectively reviewed 9 cases that developed ROP. We excluded cases where ROP developed in newborns > 30 weeks of gestational age and cases where medical notes were unavailable or incomplete. Topical drops of cyclopentolate 1% and phenylephrine 5% were instilled and fundoscopy was performed using a direct ophthalmoscope...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085881/study-on-strength-behavior-of-organic-soil-stabilized-with-fly-ash
#2
Bayshakhi Deb Nath, Md Keramat Ali Molla, Grytan Sarkar
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of fly ash on the consistency, compactness, acidic properties, and strength of organic soil. The presence of organic content in the soil has detrimental impacts on the physical and strength behavior of soil. To investigate the effectiveness of fly ash in the stabilization of organic soil, two types of fly ashes (Type I and Type II) at different percentages were used. It is found that fly ash significantly reduces the plasticity index of the organic soil, whereas the liquid and plastic limits increase...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082308/contraceptive-methods-accessed-in-volta-region-ghana-2009-2014
#3
Himiede W Wilson, Donne K Ameme, Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi
INTRODUCTION: In 2016, Volta Region was one of the two regions in Ghana that recorded a high prevalence of teenage pregnancy, accounting for 15.5% of all adolescent pregnancies in the country. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of contraceptive methods accessed by person, place, and time in Volta Region, Ghana, 2009-2014. METHOD: We carried out a secondary analysis of contraceptive use data derived from the District Health Information Management System (DHIMS) 2 for Volta Region, between 2009 and 2014...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082307/physicochemical-characterization-and-polyphenolic-content-of-beninese-honeys
#4
Sênan Christa Lokossou, Fidèle Paul Tchobo, Hounnankpon Yédomonhan, Mohamed Mansourou Soumanou
The physicochemical and phytochemical analyses of honeys (n = 50) from Sudanese, Sudano-Guinean, and Guinean areas of Benin were investigated. Results showed that dark amber is the dominant color. Moisture content ranged from 15.50% to 23.50%, and 72% of honeys respected the Codex Alimentarius recommendation. pH varied between 2.87 and 6.15, and free acidity ranged from 9.00 to 39.00 meq/kg. Electrical conductivity varied from 0.37 to 1.43 mS/cm. The content in fructose varied from 21.67% to 94.21%, and proline content ranged between 306...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075661/corrigendum-to-utilization-of-preventive-measures-for-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis-among-veterans-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Aikaterini Thanou, Tauseef Ali, Omar Haq, Sindhu Kaitha, Jordan Morton, Stavros Stavrakis, Mary Beth Humphrey
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2013/862312.].
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913414/diversity-of-aerobic-bacteria-isolated-from-oral-and-cloacal-cavities-from-free-living-snakes-species-in-costa-rica-rainforest
#6
Allan Artavia-León, Ariel Romero-Guerrero, Carolina Sancho-Blanco, Norman Rojas, Rodolfo Umaña-Castro
Costa Rica has a significant number of snakebites per year and bacterial infections are often complications in these animal bites. Hereby, this study aims to identify, characterize, and report the diversity of the bacterial community in the oral and cloacal cavities of venomous and nonvenomous snakes found in wildlife in Costa Rica. The snakes where captured by casual encounter search between August and November of 2014 in the Quebrada González sector, in Braulio Carrillo National Park. A total of 120 swabs, oral and cloacal, were taken from 16 individuals of the Viperidae and Colubridae families...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894788/accuracy-of-preoperative-scoring-systems-for-the-prognostication-and-treatment-of-patients-with-spinal-metastases
#7
Catherine S Hibberd, Gerald M Y Quan
BACKGROUND: In patients with spinal metastatic disease, survival prognosis is a key consideration in selection for surgery and determining the extent of treatment. Individual survival prediction however remains difficult. We sought to validate the prognostic accuracy of seven preoperative scoring systems. METHODS: 61 patients surgically treated for spinal metastases were retrospectively reviewed. Preoperative scores were calculated for Tokuhashi, Revised Tokuhashi, Bauer, Modified Bauer, Sioutos, Tomita, and van der Linden scoring systems...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884143/use-of-genotype-mtbdrplus-assay-for-diagnosis-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-nepal
#8
Elina Maharjan, Narayan Dutt Pant, Sanjeev Neupane, Jyoti Amatya, Bhawana Shrestha
The main aims of this study were to study the patterns of mutations in rpoB, katG, and inhA genes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from patients from Nepal and to evaluate the performance of genotype MTBDRplus assay, taking conventional drug susceptibility testing as gold standard for diagnosis of MDR-TB. A total of 69 Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from 73 smear positive sputum samples from patients suspected of suffering from multidrug-resistant tuberculosis were used in our study...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848803/fortification-of-ogi-with-whey-increases-essential-amino-acids-content-of-fortified-product
#9
J O Omole, O M Ighodaro, O Durosinolorun
The inability of humans to synthesize essential amino acids (EAA) necessitates the need to increase the levels of these nutrient molecules in certain foods in which they are deficient. Maize ogi is a typical food product for both infants and adults in Africa, but with poor EAA content. This study therefore sought to assess the possibility of increasing the EAA content in maize ogi by processing it with cheese whey instead of water. Maize ogi and whey-fortified ogi were prepared by the usual procedure of grain soaking, milling, and drying...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835913/modeling-the-impact-of-bed-net-use-and-treatment-on-malaria-transmission-dynamics
#10
Bello Gimba, Saminu Iliyasu Bala
We modeled the impact of bed-net use and insecticide treated nets (ITNs), temperature, and treatment on malaria transmission dynamics using ordinary differential equations. To achieve this we formulated a simple model of mosquito biting rate that depends on temperature and usage of insecticides treated bed nets. We conducted global uncertainty and sensitivity analysis using Latin Hypercube Sampling (LHC) and Partial Rank Correlation Coefficient (PRCC) in order to find the most effective parameters that affect malaria transmission dynamics...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835912/use-of-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-development-third-edition-to-assess-developmental-outcome-in-infants-and-young-children-in-an-urban-setting-in-south-africa
#11
Daynia E Ballot, Tanusha Ramdin, David Rakotsoane, Faustine Agaba, Victor A Davies, Tobias Chirwa, Peter A Cooper
BACKGROUND: The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (III) is a tool developed in a Western setting. AIM: To evaluate the development of a group of inner city children in South Africa with no neonatal risk factors using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (III), to determine an appropriate cut-off to define developmental delay, and to establish variation in scores done in the same children before and after one year of age. METHODS: Cohort follow-up study...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812059/clinician-s-update-on-the-benign-premalignant-and-malignant-skin-tumours-of-the-vulva-the-dermatologist-s-view
#12
REVIEW
Freja Lærke Sand, Simon Francis Thomsen
Correct and rapid diagnosis of skin tumours often requires biopsy and histopathological examination to differentiate benign lesions such as seborrhoeic keratoses or melanocytic naevi from premalignant and malignant lesions such as malignant melanoma. Particularly, to the untrained eye, any benign skin tumour-pigmented or nonpigmented-is easily mistaken for a malignant lesion. Qualified clinical evaluation is paramount in order to reduce the frequency of unwarranted skin biopsies. Herein, the most common benign, premalignant, and malignant vulvar skin tumours are reviewed...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808675/acute-appendicitis-in-pregnancy-and-the-developing-world
#13
Tika Ram Bhandari, Sudha Shahi, Sarita Acharya
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is the commonest nonobstetric surgical emergency during pregnancy. The aim of the study was to compare perioperative outcomes of acute appendicitis in pregnant and nonpregnant patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of 56 pregnant patients between 2011 and 2016 who were compared with 164 nonpregnant women of reproductive age who underwent open appendectomy between 2014 and 2016 for acute appendicitis. The patient's demographics and perioperative data were analyzed...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798953/the-ethanolic-stem-bark-extract-of-antrocaryon-micraster-inhibits-carrageenan-induced-pleurisy-and-pedal-oedema-in-murine-models-of-inflammation
#14
Leslie B Essel, David D Obiri, Newman Osafo, Aaron O Antwi, Babatunde M Duduyemi
We investigated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of a 70% v/v ethanol extract of the stem bark of Antrocaryon micraster on murine models of carrageenan-induced pleurisy and paw oedema. Rat pleural fluid was analysed for volume, protein content, and leucocytes, while lung histology was assessed for damage. Lung tissue homogenates were assayed for glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), malondialdehyde (MDA), and myeloperoxidase (MPO). Phytochemical analysis was carried out on the stem bark...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781995/review-of-organism-density-and-bacteriologic-conversion-of-sputum-among-tuberculosis-patients
#15
REVIEW
Francis Adjei Osei, Anthony Enimil, Daniel Ansong, Dennis Odai Laryea, Nicholas Karikari Mensah, Evans Xorse Amuzu, Ebenezer Opambour Agyemang, Phans Oduro Sarpong, Isaac Nyanor, Denis Dekugmen Yar
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to describe the trend of sputum organism density and the rate of bacteriological conversion among smear positive TB patients assessing care at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Kumasi, Ghana. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective patient folder review from January 2013 to March 2016 at the KATH, a tertiary hospital in Ghana. The data was entered into Microsoft Access database and exported into STATA for analysis. We applied basic descriptive statistics to study variables...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752129/retracted-physical-activity-an-important-adaptative-mechanism-for-body-weight-control
#16
International Scholarly Research Notices
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.5402/2012/675285.].
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752128/dual-kidney-transplantation-a-review-of-past-and-prospect-for-future
#17
REVIEW
Muhammad Abdul Mabood Khalil, Jackson Tan, Taqi F Toufeeq Khan, Muhammad Ashhad Ullah Khalil, Rabeea Azmat
Kidney transplantation (KT) is one of the treatment options for patients with chronic kidney disease. The number of patients waiting for kidney transplantation is growing day by day. Various strategies have been put in place to expand the donor pool. Extended criteria donors are now accepted more frequently. Increasing number of elderly donors with age > 60 years, history of diabetes or hypertension, and clinical proteinuria are accepted as donor. Dual kidney transplantation (DKT) is also more frequently done and experience with this technique is slowly building up...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752127/corrigendum-to-recommendations-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-osteoporosis-in-copd-men
#18
Elias E Mazokopakis, Ioannis K Starakis
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5402/2011/901416.].
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740858/s-100%C3%AE-and-antioxidant-capacity-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-during-and-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#19
Koichiro Nandate, Deepak Sharma, Hernando Olivar, Matthew Hallman, Ramesh Ramaiah, Aaron Joffe, Anthony Roche, Vijay Krishnamoorthy
BACKGROUND: Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) has substantially decreased the mortality and major complications from aortic surgery. However, neurological complications such as spinal cord ischemia may still occur after TEVAR. S-100β is a biomarker of central nervous system injury, and oxidant injury plays an important role in neurological injury. In this pilot study, we examined the trends of S-100β and antioxidant capacity in the CSF during and after TEVAR. METHODS: We recruited 10 patients who underwent elective TEVAR...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680949/sapium-ellipticum-hochst-pax-ethanol-leaf-extract-maintains-lipid-homeostasis-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#20
Osasenaga Mcdonald Ighodaro, Oluseyi Adeboye Akinloye, Regina Ngozi Ugbaja, Samuel Olatunbosun Omotainse
Dyslipidemia is a common metabolic disorder especially in diabetes mellitus (DM). In this study, the ability of Sapium ellipticum (SE) leaf extract to restore lipid homeostasis in streptozotocin-induced diabetes was examined. DM was induced in experimental rats (Wistar strains) using single intraperitoneal dose (55 mg/kg body weight {BW}) of streptozotocin (STZ). Treatment of diabetic rats with SE was oral (p.o), at doses of 400 and 800 mg kg(-1) BW, twice daily at 8 h interval for 21 days. Lipid parameters were analyzed in the serum of rats using test kits...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
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