journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Scholarly Research Notices

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882342/the-impact-of-duodenal-diverticuli-and-the-execution-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreaticography
#1
R J L F Loffeld, P E P Dekkers
Introduction. Duodenal diverticuli alter the anatomy of the papillary region and can make an ERCP difficult. Aim. To study the outcome of ERCP in cases of duodenal diverticuli. Patients and Methods. Consecutive ERCPs in a period of 24 years were included. Endoscopy reports were studied for presence of diverticuli. Success of the procedure and findings were noted. Clinical records were searched for clinical presentation of the patient. Patients without duodenal diverticuli were used as comparison. Results. 2795 procedures were done in 2092 patients...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872898/the-impact-of-variable-wind-shear-coefficients-on-risk-reduction-of-wind-energy-projects
#2
Kenneth W Corscadden, Allan Thomson, Behrang Yoonesi, Josiah McNutt
Estimation of wind speed at proposed hub heights is typically achieved using a wind shear exponent or wind shear coefficient (WSC), variation in wind speed as a function of height. The WSC is subject to temporal variation at low and high frequencies, ranging from diurnal and seasonal variations to disturbance caused by weather patterns; however, in many cases, it is assumed that the WSC remains constant. This assumption creates significant error in resource assessment, increasing uncertainty in projects and potentially significantly impacting the ability to control gird connected wind generators...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819025/studies-on-shokyo-kanzo-and-keihi-in-kakkonto-medicine-on-prostaglandin-e2-production-in-lipopolysaccharide-treated-human-gingival-fibroblasts
#3
Toshiaki Ara, Norio Sogawa
We previously demonstrated that a kampo medicine, kakkonto, decreases lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production by human gingival fibroblasts. In this study, we examined the herbs constituting kakkonto that exhibit this effect. Shokyo strongly and concentration dependently and kanzo and keihi moderately decreased LPS-induced PGE2 production. Shokyo did not alter cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity, cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), annexin 1 and COX-2 expression, and LPS-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774509/primary-hyperparathyroidism-and-pancreatitis-a-rare-association-with-multiple-facets
#4
I Diallo, C A Fall, B Ndiaye, M Mbaye, I Diedhiou, A R Ndiaye, P S Diawara, F Fall, P S Mbaye, S B Gning
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is rarely associated with the occurrence of acute or chronic pancreatitis. Hypercalcemia plays a major role in the pathogenesis. We report five cases of pancreatitis revealing PHPT. Patients and Methods. This is a retrospective study of 4 years, including all patients admitted to intensive care unit or gastroenterology department, for an acute or chronic pancreatitis revealing primary hyperparathyroidism. Results. We included 5 patients, all female, with mean age 54 years [40-76 years]...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752539/estimation-of-cyclic-shift-with-delayed-correlation-and-matched-filtering-in-time-domain-cyclic-slm-for-papr-reduction
#5
Panca Dewi Pamungkasari, Yukitoshi Sanada
Time domain cyclic-selective mapping (TDC-SLM) reduces the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) in OFDM systems while the amounts of cyclic shifts are required to recover the transmitted signal in a receiver. One of the critical issues of the SLM scheme is sending the side information (SI) which reduces the throughputs in wireless OFDM systems. The proposed scheme implements delayed correlation and matched filtering (DC-MF) to estimate the amounts of the cyclic shifts in the receiver. In the proposed scheme, the DC-MF is placed after the frequency domain equalization (FDE) to improve the accuracy of cyclic shift estimation...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722202/generalized-robertson-walker-space-time-admitting-evolving-null-horizons-related-to-a-black-hole-event-horizon
#6
K L Duggal
A new technique is used to study a family of time-dependent null horizons, called "Evolving Null Horizons" (ENHs), of generalized Robertson-Walker (GRW) space-time [Formula: see text] such that the metric [Formula: see text] satisfies a kinematic condition. This work is different from our early papers on the same issue where we used (1 + n)-splitting space-time but only some special subcases of GRW space-time have this formalism. Also, in contrast to previous work, we have proved that each member of ENHs is totally umbilical in [Formula: see text]...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722201/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-practice-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-northwest-ethiopia
#7
Yewondwossen Bitew, Worku Awoke, Simachew Chekol
Background. Little is known about birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) plan in resource limited settings to decrease maternal mortality. Therefore, this study was done to assess the status of BPCR and associated factors among pregnant women in South Wollo, Northwest Ethiopia, by involving 819 pregnant women from March to April, 2014. Data were collected by using pretested interviewer administered questionnaire and analyzed using a computer program of SPSS version 20.00. Results. Pregnant women who were prepared for at least three elements of BPCR were 24...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579347/automatic-analysis-of-retinal-vascular-parameters-for-detection-of-diabetes-in-indian-patients-with-no-retinopathy-sign
#8
Behzad Aliahmad, Dinesh Kant Kumar, Rajeev Jain
This study has investigated the association between retinal vascular parameters with type II diabetes in Indian population with no observable diabetic retinopathy. It has introduced two new retinal vascular parameters: total number of branching angles (TBA) and average acute branching angles (ABA) as potential biomarkers of diabetes in an explanatory model. A total number of 180 retinal images (two (left and right) × two (ODC and MC) × 45 subjects (13 diabetics and 32 nondiabetics)) were analysed. Stepwise linear regression analysis was performed to model the association between type II diabetes with the best subset of explanatory variables (predictors), consisting of retinal vascular parameters and patients' demographic information...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529080/estimating-soil-moisture-distributions-across-small-farm-fields-with-alos-palsar
#9
Yuki Kojima, Kazuo Oki, Kosuke Noborio, Masaru Mizoguchi
The ALOS (advanced land observing satellite) has an active microwave sensor, PALSAR (phased array L-band synthetic aperture radar), which has a fine resolution of 6.5 m. Because of the fine resolution, PALSAR provides the possibility of estimating soil moisture distributions in small farmlands. Making such small-scale estimates has not been available with traditional satellite remote sensing techniques. In this study, the relationship between microwave backscattering coefficient (σ) measured with PALSAR and ground-based soil moisture was determined to investigate the performance of PALSAR for estimating soil moisture distribution in a small-scale farmland...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403457/ants-can-expect-the-time-of-an-event-on-basis-of-previous-experiences
#10
Marie-Claire Cammaerts, Roger Cammaerts
Working on three ant species of the genus Myrmica, M. ruginodis, M. rubra, and M. sabuleti, we showed that foragers can expect the subsequent time at which food will be available on the basis of the previous times at which food was present. The ants acquired this expectative ability right after having experienced two time shifts of food delivery. Moreover, the ants' learning score appeared to be a logarithmic function of time (i.e., of the number of training days). This ability to expect subsequent times at which an event will occur may be an advantageous ethological trait...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403456/risky-sexual-behaviors-and-associated-factors-among-jiga-high-school-and-preparatory-school-students-amhara-region-ethiopia
#11
Getachew Mullu Kassa, Genet Degu, Meseret Yitayew, Worku Misganaw, Mikiyas Muche, Tiguaded Demelash, Meless Mesele, Melat Ayehu
Background. Young people constitute a large number of population worldwide, and majority of this population group lives in developing countries. They are at high risk of engaging in risky sexual behaviors. These risk sexual behaviors predispose youths to several sexual and reproductive health problems like STIs, HIV, unwanted pregnancy, and abortion. So, this study was conducted to assess the magnitude of risky sexual behaviors and associated factors among Jiga high school and preparatory school students, northwest Ethiopia...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382644/nursing-in-ghana-a-search-for-florence-nightingale-in-an-african-city
#12
Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Edward Brenya
Nursing in Ghana is a crucial subject that permeates almost every issue in the society especially the field of hospital care. To a large extent, the frontiers of nursing have expanded since the time of Florence Nightingale. Globally some studies have been done to study nursing icons like her. The values in nursing practice however continue to preoccupy our minds. The need to accentuate the gains made by historical figures in nursing in present times as well as the nature of interactions between practitioners and patients continues to be of paramount concern to many across the globe and Ghana in particular...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382643/prevalence-and-perspectives-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-university-students-in-atlanta-newcastle-upon-tyne-and-new-delhi
#13
Kritika Subramanian, Inuka Midha
Objective. A cross-cultural comparative study was developed that surveyed university students in Atlanta (United States), New Delhi (India), and Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom) to understand the prevalence and perspectives of CAM in three urban societies with different healthcare systems. Design. Surveys were sent to students in the three aforementioned cities. Survey distribution occurred over 6 months from May to November 2015. A total of 314 surveys were received. Results. Dietary and vitamin supplements had the highest prevalence collectively (n = 203), followed by meditation, yoga, and massage...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382642/appraisals-of-bangladeshi-medicinal-plants-used-by-folk-medicine-practitioners-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-malignant-neoplastic-diseases
#14
Md Nur Kabidul Azam, Md Mizanur Rahman, Samanta Biswas, Md Nasir Ahmed
Cancer is a group of diseases which is categorized to differentiate into diverse cell types and move around in the body to sites of organogenesis that is key to the process of tumor genesis. All types of cancer fall into the group of malignant neoplastic diseases. In Bangladesh, cancer is now one of the foremost killer diseases and its personal, social, and economic bearing are huge. Plant-derived natural compounds (vincristine, vinblastine, etoposide, paclitaxel, camptothecin, topotecan, and irinotecan) are useful for the treatment of cancer...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382641/health-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-traditional-cosmetics-sold-in-tunisian-local-markets
#15
Mohamed Anouar Nouioui, Salah Mahjoubi, Asma Ghorbel, Marouen Ben Haj Yahia, Dorra Amira, Hayet Ghorbel, Abderrazek Hedhili
This study was undertaken in order to determine heavy metal contents in twelve (n = 12) henna brands and eleven (n = 11) kohl products. An analytical test was performed for Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn in henna and kohl products using atomic absorption spectrophotometery. The overall mean concentrations of heavy metals in henna varied between 1.2 and 8.9 μg g(-1) for Pb; 0.8 and 18.6 μg g(-1) for Cd; 0.5 μg g(-1) and 3.3 μg g(-1) for Cu; and 3.7 μg g(-1) and 90.0 μg g(-1) for Zn. As for kohl products, Pb concentrations ranged between 51...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382640/control-of-drug-dissolution-rate-from-film-dosage-forms-containing-valsartan
#16
Yoshifumi Murata, Kyoko Kofuji, Chieko Maida
Film dosage forms (FDs) containing valsartan (VST), a popular antihypertensive drug, were prepared using a casting method with sodium alginate and other polysaccharides as the film base. Drug dissolution profiles of the FDs were investigated in limited medium. The FDs were 170-200 μm thick and were easy to handle. All FDs immediately swelled and disintegrated in the medium. About 23% of the VST incorporated into the FD prepared with 1.5% sodium alginate dissolved at 5 min. The initial dissolution rate of VST increased upon the addition of chitosan to the film base; this effect was not observed in the case of chitin...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382639/dynamic-response-of-a-rigid-pavement-plate-based-on-an-inertial-soil
#17
Mohamed Gibigaye, Crespin Prudence Yabi, I Ezéchiel Alloba
This work presents the dynamic response of a pavement plate resting on a soil whose inertia is taken into account in the design of pavements by rational methods. Thus, the pavement is modeled as a thin plate with finite dimensions, supported longitudinally by dowels and laterally by tie bars. The subgrade is modeled via Pasternak-Vlasov type (three-parameter type) foundation models and the moving traffic load is expressed as a concentrated dynamic load of harmonically varying magnitude, moving straight along the plate with a constant acceleration...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382638/effectiveness-of-a-nutrition-education-program-to-improve-children-s-chewing-habits
#18
Nanae Sato, Fumi Hayashi, Nobuo Yoshiike
This quasi-experimental study determined whether the nutrition education program we developed to promote chewing food properly influenced children's chewing habits successfully. Four kindergarten classes in Japan (150 children, aged 5-6 years) were studied; one class received the educational program in the classroom and at home (Group A) and three classes received the program in the classroom only (Group B). The educational program was integrated into the classes' daily curriculum for five weeks. It included storytelling with large picture books, chewing consciously while eating lunch, singing a song with gestures, and greetings before and after meals (both groups)...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382637/guidelines-for-reporting-medical-research-a-critical-appraisal
#19
REVIEW
Mathilde Johansen, Simon Francis Thomsen
As a response to a low quality of reporting of medical research, guidelines for several different types of study design have been developed to secure accurate reporting and transparency for reviewers and readers from the scientific community. Herein, we review and discuss the six most widely accepted and used guidelines: PRISMA, CONSORT, STROBE, MOOSE, STARD, and SPIRIT. It is concluded that the implementation of these guidelines has led to only a moderate improvement in the quality of the reporting of medical research...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382636/exchange-transfusion-for-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia-in-johannesburg-south-africa-from-2006-to-2011
#20
Daynia E Ballot, Gilbert Rugamba
Background. Severe hyperbilirubinaemia requiring exchange transfusion has become less common in recent years; however, kernicterus still occurs. The aim of this study was to review babies undergoing exchange transfusion for severe hyperbilirubinaemia in a Johannesburg hospital. Methodology. This was a retrospective review of babies who required exchange transfusion in both the neonatal and the paediatric wards from June 1, 2006, to December 31, 2011. Results. There were 64 patients who underwent 67 exchange transfusions...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
journal
journal
49560
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"