journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321314/obesity-paradox-and-mortality-in-adults-with-and-without-incident-type-2-diabetes-a-matched-population-level-cohort-study
#1
Ellena Badrick, Matthew Sperrin, Iain E Buchan, Andrew G Renehan
OBJECTIVE: Among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D), several (but not all) studies show that being overweight (body mass index (BMI): 25.0-29.9 kg/m(2)) or obese I (BMI: 30.0-34.9 kg/m(2)) near the time of diagnosis, is unexpectedly associated with reduced all-cause mortality compared with normal weight-the obesity paradox. We addressed whether this observation is causal (eg, a true protective effect); due to confounding (including effect modification); or due to selection ('collider') bias...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321313/correlation-study-of-adenosine-deaminase-and-its-isoenzymes-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Lokendra Bahadur Sapkota, Sangita Thapa, Nuwadatta Subedi
OBJECTIVE: Adenosine deaminase (ADA) plays an important role in cell-mediated immunity and modulation of insulin activity. Its clinical and diagnostic significance in Nepalese type 2 diabetes is not yet characterized. So, this study's objective was to determine the isoenzymatic activities of ADA (ADA1, ADA2, and total ADA) and show its correlation with demographic, anthropometric, and biochemical characteristics of type 2 Nepalese subjects with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a hospital-based cross-sectional study including 80 type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and same number of age-matched and sex-matched healthy controls...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321312/preserved-glucagon-like-peptide-1-responses-to-oral-glucose-but-reduced-incretin-effect-insulin-secretion-and-sensitivity-in-young-asians-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Toh Peng Yeow, Giovanni Pacini, Andrea Tura, Chee Peng Hor, Shueh Lin Lim, Florence Hui Sieng Tan, Chin Voon Tong, Janet Yeow Hua Hong, Fuziah Md Zain, Jens Juul Holst, Wan Nazaimoon Wan Mohamud
OBJECTIVE: Youth onset type 2 diabetes mellitus (YT2DM) is a globally rising phenomenon with substantial Asians representation. The understanding of its pathophysiology is derived largely from studies in the obese African-American and Caucasian populations, while studies on incretin effect are scarce. We examined the insulin resistance, β-cell function (BC), glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 hormone and incretin effect in Asian YT2DM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This case-control study recruited 25 Asian YT2DM and 15 healthy controls, matched for gender, ethnicity and body mass index...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316796/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-dietary-carbohydrate-restriction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Ole Snorgaard, Grith M Poulsen, Henning K Andersen, Arne Astrup
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition therapy is an integral part of self-management education in patients with type 2 diabetes. Carbohydrates with a low glycemic index are recommended, but the ideal amount of carbohydrate in the diet is unclear. We performed a meta-analysis comparing diets containing low to moderate amounts of carbohydrate (LCD) (energy percentage below 45%) to diets containing high amounts of carbohydrate (HCD) in subjects with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We systematically reviewed Cochrane library databases, EMBASE, and MEDLINE in the period 2004-2014 for guidelines, meta-analyses, and randomized trials assessing the outcomes HbA1c, BMI, weight, LDL cholesterol, quality of life (QoL), and attrition...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316795/impact-of-weight-loss-on-waist-circumference-and-the-components-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#5
Amy E Rothberg, Laura N McEwen, Andrew T Kraftson, Nevin Ajluni, Christine E Fowler, Catherine K Nay, Nicole M Miller, Charles F Burant, William H Herman
OBJECTIVE: Central adiposity is a component of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Little is known about the impact of medical weight loss and decreased waist circumference (WC) on the MetS. Our objective was to assess the impact of changes in WC on blood pressure, lipids and glycemia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied 430 obese patients enrolled in a 2-year, intensive, behavioral, weight management program. We report results for participants who completed 6-month and 2-year follow-up...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316794/periodontitis-as-a-possible-early-sign-of-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Wijnand J Teeuw, Madeline X F Kosho, Dennis C W Poland, Victor E A Gerdes, Bruno G Loos
OBJECTIVE: The early diagnosis of (pre)diabetes mellitus is essential for the prevention of diabetes complications. It has been suggested that gum disease (periodontitis) might be an early complication of diabetes and may be a useful risk indicator for diabetes screening. Therefore, a dental office could be a good location for screening for (pre)diabetes in patients with periodontitis using a validated glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) dry spot analysis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 313 individuals from a university dental clinic participated...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316793/development-and-validation-of-an-instrument-to-measure-collaborative-goal-setting-in-the-care-of-patients-with-diabetes
#7
Heather L Morris, Levent Dumenci, Jennifer E Lafata
OBJECTIVE: Despite known benefits of patient-perceived collaborative goal setting, we have a limited ability to monitor this process in practice. We developed the Patient Measure of Collaborative Goal Setting (PM-CGS) to evaluate the use of collaborative goal setting from the patient's perspective. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A random sample of 400 patients aged 40 years or older, receiving diabetes care from the Virginia Commonwealth University Health System between 8/2012 and 8/2013, were mailed a survey containing potential PM-CGS items (n=44) as well as measures of patient demographics, perceived self-management competence, trust in their physician, and self-management behaviors...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243450/willingness-of-patients-with-diabetes-to-use-an-ict-based-self-management-tool-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Tomomi Shibuta, Kayo Waki, Nobuko Tomizawa, Ayumi Igarashi, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani, Satoko Yamaguchi, Hideo Fujita, Shigeko Kimura, Katsuhito Fujiu, Hironori Waki, Yoshihiko Izumida, Takayoshi Sasako, Masatoshi Kobayashi, Ryo Suzuki, Toshimasa Yamauchi, Takashi Kadowaki, Kazuhiko Ohe
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of the willingness of patients with diabetes to use a self-management tool based on information and communication technology (ICT) such as personal computers, smartphones, and mobile phones; and to examine the patient characteristics associated with that willingness. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional interview survey of 312 adults with diabetes at a university hospital in an urban area in Japan. Participants were classified into 2 groups: those who were willing to use an ICT-based self-management tool and those who were unwilling...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243449/performance-of-the-freestyle-libre-flash-glucose-monitoring-system-in-patients-with-type-1-and-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
M J Fokkert, P R van Dijk, M A Edens, S Abbes, D de Jong, R J Slingerland, H J G Bilo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the FreeStyle Libre Flash continuous glucose monitoring (FSL-CGM) system against established central laboratory methods. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 20 subjects (8 type 1 diabetes mellitus, 12 type 2 diabetes mellitus) were analyzed. FSL-CGM sensor measurements (inserted in arm and abdomen) were compared with capillary blood glucose results analyzed with StatStrip as semigold standard. The glucose response after a standardized oral glucose load was measured by FSL-CGM and capillary samples analyzed by perchloric acid hexokinase (PCA-HK) method, StatStrip and FSL test strip (FSLC), and a commonly used CGM system (iPro2)...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243448/problem-solving-therapy-for-adults-with-diabetic-retinopathy-and-diabetes-specific-distress-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Gwyneth Rees, Fleur O'Hare, Marian Saeed, Bronwyn Sudholz, Bonnie A Sturrock, Jing Xie, Jane Speight, Ecosse L Lamoureux
OBJECTIVE: To provide preliminary evidence for the impact of problem-solving therapy for diabetes (PST-D) in adults with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetes distress. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a pilot randomized controlled trial, 40 participants with DR and diabetes distress were allocated to the PST-D or control groups. Diabetes distress (DDS), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), self-care activities (SDSCA), and HbA1c were assessed at baseline, and 3 and 6-month follow-ups...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243447/using-in-vivo-corneal-confocal-microscopy-to-identify-diabetic-sensorimotor-polyneuropathy-risk-profiles-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Evan J H Lewis, Bruce A Perkins, Lief E Lovblom, Richard P Bazinet, Thomas M S Wolever, Vera Bril
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy (DSP) is the most prevalent complication in diabetes mellitus. Identifying DSP risk is essential for intervening early in the natural history of the disease. Small nerve fibers are affected earliest in the disease progression and evidence of this damage can be identified using in vivo corneal confocal microscopy (IVCCM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We applied IVCCM to a cohort of 40 patients with type 1 diabetes to identify their DSP risk profile...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243446/impact-of-a-type-2-diabetes-diagnosis-on-mental-health-quality-of-life-and-social-contacts-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
AIMS: The aim was to examine whether a type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) diagnosis increases the odds of psychological distress, a worsening in overall quality of life, and a potential reduction in social contacts. METHOD: Longitudinal data were obtained from the 45 and Up Study (baseline 2006-2008; 3.4±0.95 years follow-up time). Fixed effects logistic and negative binomial regression models were fitted on a complete case on outcome sample that did not report T2DM at baseline (N=26 344), adjusted for time-varying confounders...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191321/postprandial-lipemia-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#13
Dmitry Kats, A Richey Sharrett, Henry N Ginsberg, Vijay Nambi, Christie M Ballantyne, Ron C Hoogeveen, Gerardo Heiss
OBJECTIVE: Excessive levels of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins during postprandial lipemia (PPL) have been reported to be atherogenic. However, it is unclear whether the degree of PPL independently predicts cardiovascular disease (CVD) given the scarcity of longitudinal data with standardised measures of postprandial change. We reexamined associations of PPL with incident CVD events in a population-based cohort using detailed measures of postprandial change from a standardised fat challenge...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191320/is-diabetes-prevalence-higher-among-hiv-infected-individuals-compared-with-the-general-population-evidence-from-mmp-and-nhanes-2009-2010
#14
Alfonso C Hernandez-Romieu, Shikha Garg, Eli S Rosenberg, Angela M Thompson-Paul, Jacek Skarbinski
BACKGROUND: Nationally representative estimates of diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence among HIV-infected adults in the USA are lacking, and whether HIV-infected adults are at increased risk of DM compared with the general adult population remains controversial. METHODS: We used nationally representative survey (2009-2010) data from the Medical Monitoring Project (n=8610 HIV-infected adults) and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n=5604 general population adults) and fit logistic regression models to determine and compare weighted prevalences of DM between the two populations, and examine factors associated with DM among HIV-infected adults...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176974/the-changing-landscape-of-diabetes-prevalence-among-first-generation-asian-immigrants-in-california-from-2003-to-2013
#15
Wenjun Fan, Debora H Lee, John Billimek, Sarah Choi, Ping H Wang
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing rapidly, particularly in Asia. Asian immigrants in Western countries are a fast-growing population who carry both intrinsic risks due to their genetic background and extrinsic risks associated with Western lifestyles. However, recent trends in diabetes prevalence and associated risk factors among Asian immigrants in the USA are not well understood. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined adults aged 18 and older from the recent California Health Interview Survey data sets from 2003 to 2013 to determine prevalence of known DM among first-generation Asian immigrants and whites...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176957/determinants-of-weight-change-in-patients-on-basal-insulin-treatment-an-analysis-of-the-dive-registry
#16
Peter Bramlage, Tobias Bluhmki, Holger Fleischmann, Matthias Kaltheuner, Jan Beyersmann, Reinhard W Holl, Thomas Danne
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe patterns of weight change in insulin-naive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) starting basal insulin (BI) treatment. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Diabetes Versorgungs-Evaluation (DIVE) is an observational, multicenter, prospective registry in patients with T2DM. Patients were divided into those initiating BI therapy for the first time (with optional oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs)) and those initiating OADs only (OADo). RESULTS: 521 patients were included in the analysis, 113 in the BI arm and 408 in the OADo arm...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123754/resource-use-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-in-africa-the-middle-east-south-asia-eurasia-and-turkey-results-from-the-international-diabetes-management-practice-study-idmps
#17
Juan J Gagliardino, Petar K Atanasov, Juliana C N Chan, Jean C Mbanya, Marina V Shestakova, Prisca Leguet-Dinville, Lieven Annemans
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and its complications form a global healthcare burden but the exact impact in some geographical regions is still not well documented. We describe the healthcare resource usage (HRU) associated with T2D in Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, Eurasia and Turkey. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In the fifth wave of the International Diabetes Management Practices Study (IDMPS; 2011-2012), we collected self-reported and physician-reported cross-sectional data from 8156 patients from 18 countries across 5 regions, including different types of HRU in the previous 3-6 months...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123753/estimating-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-using-population-level-pharmacy-claims-data-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Sarah-Jo Sinnott, Sheena McHugh, Helen Whelton, Richard Layte, Steve Barron, Patricia M Kearney
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes using a national pharmacy claims database. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used data from the Health Service Executive-Primary Care Reimbursement Service database in Ireland for this cross-sectional study. Prevalent cases of type 2 diabetes were individuals using an oral hypoglycemic agent, irrespective of insulin use, in 2012. Incident cases were individuals using an oral hypoglycemic agent in 2012 who had not used one in the past...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123752/mediterranean-style-diet-is-associated-with-low-risk-of-new-onset-diabetes-after-renal-transplantation
#19
Maryse C J Osté, Eva Corpeleijn, Gerjan J Navis, Charlotte A Keyzer, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Else van den Berg, Douwe Postmus, Martin H de Borst, Daan Kromhout, Stephan J L Bakker
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) and premature mortality is high in renal transplant recipients (RTR). We hypothesized that a Mediterranean Style diet protects against NODAT and premature mortality in RTR. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study of adult RTR with a functioning graft for >1 year. Dietary intake was assessed with a 177-item validated food frequency questionnaire. Patients were divided based on a 9-point Mediterranean Style Diet Score (MDS): low MDS (0-4 points) versus high MDS (5-9 points)...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090333/urinary-c-peptide-creatinine-ratio-in-pregnant-women-with-normal-glucose-tolerance-and-type-1-diabetes-evidence-for-insulin-secretion
#20
Ankica Markoska, Rajalakshmi Valaiyapathi, Chloe Thorn, Anne Dornhorst
HYPOTHESIS: In pregnancy, urinary C peptide creatinine ratio (UCPCR) reflects endogenous insulin secretion in women with normal glucose tolerance and type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: UCPCR and serum C peptide were measured in 90 glucose-tolerant women at 0 and 120 min during a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at 28 weeks of gestation. UCPCR was measured in 2 samples obtained over 10 weeks apart in 7 pregnant women with longstanding type 1 diabetes...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
journal
journal
49549
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"