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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809849/spatiotemporal-database-of-us-congressional-elections-1896-2014
#1
Levi John Wolf
High-quality historical data about US Congressional elections has long provided common ground for electoral studies. However, advances in geographic information science have recently made it efficient to compile, distribute, and analyze large spatio-temporal data sets on the structure of US Congressional districts. A single spatio-temporal data set that relates US Congressional election results to the spatial extent of the constituencies has not yet been developed. To address this, existing high-quality data sets of elections returns were combined with a spatiotemporal data set on Congressional district boundaries to generate a new spatio-temporal database of US Congressional election results that are explicitly linked to the geospatial data about the districts themselves...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809848/a-multimodal-dataset-for-various-forms-of-distracted-driving
#2
Salah Taamneh, Panagiotis Tsiamyrtzis, Malcolm Dcosta, Pradeep Buddharaju, Ashik Khatri, Michael Manser, Thomas Ferris, Robert Wunderlich, Ioannis Pavlidis
We describe a multimodal dataset acquired in a controlled experiment on a driving simulator. The set includes data for n=68 volunteers that drove the same highway under four different conditions: No distraction, cognitive distraction, emotional distraction, and sensorimotor distraction. The experiment closed with a special driving session, where all subjects experienced a startle stimulus in the form of unintended acceleration-half of them under a mixed distraction, and the other half in the absence of a distraction...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809847/genome-wide-expression-datasets-of-anti-vegf-and-dexamethasone-treatment-of-angiogenesis-in-the-rat-cornea
#3
Anthony Mukwaya, Pierfrancesco Mirabelli, Anton Lennikov, Maria Xeroudaki, Mira Schaupper, Beatrice Peebo, Neil Lagali
Therapeutics against pathologic new blood vessel growth, particularly those targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are of enormous clinical interest. In the eye, where anti-VEGF agents are in widespread clinical use for treating retinal and corneal blindness, only partial or transient efficacy and resistance to anti-VEGF agents are among the major drawbacks. Conversely, corticosteroids have long been used in ophthalmology for their potency in suppressing inflammation and angiogenesis, but their broad biological activity can give rise to side effects such as glaucoma and cataract...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786983/long-term-chloride-concentrations-in-north-american-and-european-freshwater-lakes
#4
Hilary A Dugan, Jamie C Summers, Nicholas K Skaff, Flora E Krivak-Tetley, Jonathan P Doubek, Samantha M Burke, Sarah L Bartlett, Lauri Arvola, Hamdi Jarjanazi, János Korponai, Andreas Kleeberg, Ghislaine Monet, Don Monteith, Karen Moore, Michela Rogora, Paul C Hanson, Kathleen C Weathers
Anthropogenic sources of chloride in a lake catchment, including road salt, fertilizer, and wastewater, can elevate the chloride concentration in freshwater lakes above background levels. Rising chloride concentrations can impact lake ecology and ecosystem services such as fisheries and the use of lakes as drinking water sources. To analyze the spatial extent and magnitude of increasing chloride concentrations in freshwater lakes, we amassed a database of 529 lakes in Europe and North America that had greater than or equal to ten years of chloride data...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786972/water-quality-measurements-in-san-francisco-bay-by-the-u-s-geological-survey-1969-2015
#5
Tara S Schraga, James E Cloern
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) maintains a place-based research program in San Francisco Bay (USA) that began in 1969 and continues, providing one of the longest records of water-quality measurements in a North American estuary. Constituents include salinity, temperature, light extinction coefficient, and concentrations of chlorophyll-a, dissolved oxygen, suspended particulate matter, nitrate, nitrite, ammonium, silicate, and phosphate. We describe the sampling program, analytical methods, structure of the data record, and how to access all measurements made from 1969 through 2015...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763055/viral-to-metazoan-marine-plankton-nucleotide-sequences-from-the-tara-oceans-expedition
#6
Adriana Alberti, Julie Poulain, Stefan Engelen, Karine Labadie, Sarah Romac, Isabel Ferrera, Guillaume Albini, Jean-Marc Aury, Caroline Belser, Alexis Bertrand, Corinne Cruaud, Corinne Da Silva, Carole Dossat, Frédérick Gavory, Shahinaz Gas, Julie Guy, Maud Haquelle, E'krame Jacoby, Olivier Jaillon, Arnaud Lemainque, Eric Pelletier, Gaëlle Samson, Mark Wessner, Silvia G Acinas, Marta Royo-Llonch, Francisco M Cornejo-Castillo, Ramiro Logares, Beatriz Fernández-Gómez, Chris Bowler, Guy Cochrane, Clara Amid, Petra Ten Hoopen, Colomban De Vargas, Nigel Grimsley, Elodie Desgranges, Stefanie Kandels-Lewis, Hiroyuki Ogata, Nicole Poulton, Michael E Sieracki, Ramunas Stepanauskas, Matthew B Sullivan, Jennifer R Brum, Melissa B Duhaime, Bonnie T Poulos, Bonnie L Hurwitz, Stéphane Pesant, Eric Karsenti, Patrick Wincker
A unique collection of oceanic samples was gathered by the Tara Oceans expeditions (2009-2013), targeting plankton organisms ranging from viruses to metazoans, and providing rich environmental context measurements. Thanks to recent advances in the field of genomics, extensive sequencing has been performed for a deep genomic analysis of this huge collection of samples. A strategy based on different approaches, such as metabarcoding, metagenomics, single-cell genomics and metatranscriptomics, has been chosen for analysis of size-fractionated plankton communities...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763054/an-improved-database-of-coastal-flooding-in-the-united-kingdom-from-1915-to-2016
#7
Ivan D Haigh, Ozgun Ozsoy, Matthew P Wadey, Robert J Nicholls, Shari L Gallop, Thomas Wahl, Jennifer M Brown
Coastal flooding caused by extreme sea levels can produce devastating and wide-ranging consequences. The 'SurgeWatch' v1.0 database systematically documents and assesses the consequences of historical coastal flood events around the UK. The original database was inevitably biased due to the inconsistent spatial and temporal coverage of sea-level observations utilised. Therefore, we present an improved version integrating a variety of 'soft' data such as journal papers, newspapers, weather reports, and social media...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763053/morphology-of-dbx1-respiratory-neurons-in-the-preb%C3%A3-tzinger-complex-and-reticular-formation-of-neonatal-mice
#8
Victoria T Akins, Krishanthi Weragalaarachchi, Maria Cristina D Picardo, Ann L Revill, Christopher A Del Negro
The relationship between neuron morphology and function is a perennial issue in neuroscience. Information about synaptic integration, network connectivity, and the specific roles of neuronal subpopulations can be obtained through morphological analysis of key neurons within a microcircuit. Here we present morphologies of two classes of brainstem respiratory neurons. First, interneurons derived from Dbx1-expressing precursors (Dbx1 neurons) in the preBötzinger complex (preBötC) of the ventral medulla that generate the rhythm for inspiratory breathing movements...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763052/corrigendum-multimodal-chest-surface-motion-data-for-respiratory-and-cardiovascular-monitoring-applications
#9
Ghufran Shafiq, Kalyana Chakravarthy Veluvolu
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2017.52.
August 1, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742066/a-comprehensive-data-set-of-lake-surface-water-temperature-over-the-tibetan-plateau-derived-from-modis-lst-products-2001-2015
#10
Wei Wan, Huan Li, Hongjie Xie, Yang Hong, Di Long, Limin Zhao, Zhongying Han, Yaokui Cui, Baojian Liu, Cunguang Wang, Wenting Yang
Lake surface water temperature (LSWT) is sensitive to long-term changes in thermal structure of lakes and regional air temperature. In the context of global climate change, recent studies showed a significant warming trend of LSWT based on investigating 291 lakes (71% are large lakes, ≥50 km(2) each) globally. However, further efforts are needed to examine variation in LSWT at finer regional spatial and temporal scales. The Tibetan Plateau (TP), known as 'the Roof of the World' and 'Asia's water towers', exerts large influences on and is sensitive to regional and even global climates...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742065/the-research-infrastructure-of-chinese-foundations-a-database-for-chinese-civil-society-studies
#11
Ji Ma, Qun Wang, Chao Dong, Huafang Li
This paper provides technical details and user guidance on the Research Infrastructure of Chinese Foundations (RICF), a database of Chinese foundations, civil society, and social development in general. The structure of the RICF is deliberately designed and normalized according to the Three Normal Forms. The database schema consists of three major themes: foundations' basic organizational profile (i.e., basic profile, board member, supervisor, staff, and related party tables), program information (i.e., program information, major program, program relationship, and major recipient tables), and financial information (i...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722706/sub-national-mapping-of-population-pyramids-and-dependency-ratios-in-africa-and-asia
#12
Carla Pezzulo, Graeme M Hornby, Alessandro Sorichetta, Andrea E Gaughan, Catherine Linard, Tomas J Bird, David Kerr, Christopher T Lloyd, Andrew J Tatem
The age group composition of populations varies substantially across continents and within countries, and is linked to levels of development, health status and poverty. The subnational variability in the shape of the population pyramid as well as the respective dependency ratio are reflective of the different levels of development of a country and are drivers for a country's economic prospects and health burdens. Whether measured as the ratio between those of working age and those young and old who are dependent upon them, or through separate young and old-age metrics, dependency ratios are often highly heterogeneous between and within countries...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722704/targeted-proteomic-assays-for-quantitation-of-proteins-identified-by-proteogenomic-analysis-of-ovarian-cancer
#13
Ehwang Song, Yuqian Gao, Chaochao Wu, Tujin Shi, Song Nie, Thomas L Fillmore, Athena A Schepmoes, Marina A Gritsenko, Wei-Jun Qian, Richard D Smith, Karin D Rodland, Tao Liu
Mass spectrometry (MS) based targeted proteomic methods such as selected reaction monitoring (SRM) are emerging as a promising tool for verification of candidate proteins in biological and biomedical applications. The Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) of the National Cancer Institute has investigated the standardization and analytical validation of the SRM assays and demonstrated robust analytical performance on different instruments across different laboratories. An Assay Portal has also been established by CPTAC to provide the research community a resource consisting of large sets of targeted MS-based assays, and a depository to share assays publicly...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696426/an-imaging-dataset-of-cervical-cells-using-scanning-near-field-optical-microscopy-coupled-to-an-infrared-free-electron-laser
#14
Diane E Halliwell, Camilo L M Morais, Kássio M G Lima, Júlio Trevisan, Michele R F Siggel-King, Tim Craig, James Ingham, David S Martin, Kelly Heys, Maria Kyrgiou, Anita Mitra, Evangelos Paraskevaidis, Georgios Theophilou, Pierre L Martin-Hirsch, Antonio Cricenti, Marco Luce, Peter Weightman, Francis L Martin
Using a scanning near-field optical microscope coupled to an infrared free electron laser (SNOM-IR-FEL) in low-resolution transmission mode, we collected chemical data from whole cervical cells obtained from 5 pre-menopausal, non-pregnant women of reproductive age, and cytologically classified as normal or with different grades of cervical cell dyskaryosis. Imaging data are complemented by demography. All samples were collected before any treatment. Spectra were also collected using attenuated total reflection, Fourier-transform (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, to investigate the differences between the two techniques...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696421/erratum-a-new-long-term-daily-satellite-based-rainfall-dataset-for-operational-monitoring-in-africa
#15
Ross I Maidment, David Grimes, Emily Black, Elena Tarnavsky, Matthew Young, Helen Greatrex, Richard P Allan, Thorwald Stein, Edson Nkonde, Samuel Senkunda, Edgar Misael Uribe Alcántara
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2017.63.
July 11, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696409/a-global-multiproxy-database-for-temperature-reconstructions-of-the-common-era
#16
(no author information available yet)
Reproducible climate reconstructions of the Common Era (1 CE to present) are key to placing industrial-era warming into the context of natural climatic variability. Here we present a community-sourced database of temperature-sensitive proxy records from the PAGES2k initiative. The database gathers 692 records from 648 locations, including all continental regions and major ocean basins. The records are from trees, ice, sediment, corals, speleothems, documentary evidence, and other archives. They range in length from 50 to 2000 years, with a median of 547 years, while temporal resolution ranges from biweekly to centennial...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696408/a-multi-protease-multi-dissociation-bottom-up-to-top-down-proteomic-view-of-the-loxosceles-intermedia-venom
#17
Dilza Trevisan-Silva, Aline V Bednaski, Juliana S G Fischer, Silvio S Veiga, Nuno Bandeira, Adrian Guthals, Fabricio K Marchini, Felipe V Leprevost, Valmir C Barbosa, Andrea Senff-Ribeiro, Paulo C Carvalho
Venoms are a rich source for the discovery of molecules with biotechnological applications, but their analysis is challenging even for state-of-the-art proteomics. Here we report on a large-scale proteomic assessment of the venom of Loxosceles intermedia, the so-called brown spider. Venom was extracted from 200 spiders and fractioned into two aliquots relative to a 10 kDa cutoff mass. Each of these was further fractioned and digested with trypsin (4 h), trypsin (18 h), pepsin (18 h), and chymotrypsin (18 h), then analyzed by MudPIT on an LTQ-Orbitrap XL ETD mass spectrometer fragmenting precursors by CID, HCD, and ETD...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675383/a-web-platform-for-landuse-climate-demography-hydrology-and-beach-erosion-in-the-black-sea-catchment
#18
Anthony Lehmann, Yaniss Guigoz, Nicolas Ray, Emanuele Mancosu, Karim C Abbaspour, Elham Rouholahnejad Freund, Karin Allenbach, Andrea De Bono, Marc Fasel, Ana Gago-Silva, Roger Bär, Pierre Lacroix, Gregory Giuliani
The Black Sea catchment (BSC) is facing important demographic, climatic and landuse changes that may increase pollution, vulnerability and scarcity of water resources, as well as beach erosion through sea level rise. Limited access to reliable time-series monitoring data from environmental, statistical, and socio-economical sources is a major barrier to policy development and decision-making. To address these issues, a web-based platform was developed to enable discovery and access to key environmental information for the region...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675382/an-ab-initio-electronic-transport-database-for-inorganic-materials
#19
Francesco Ricci, Wei Chen, Umut Aydemir, G Jeffrey Snyder, Gian-Marco Rignanese, Anubhav Jain, Geoffroy Hautier
Electronic transport in materials is governed by a series of tensorial properties such as conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, and effective mass. These quantities are paramount to the understanding of materials in many fields from thermoelectrics to electronics and photovoltaics. Transport properties can be calculated from a material's band structure using the Boltzmann transport theory framework. We present here the largest computational database of electronic transport properties based on a large set of 48,000 materials originating from the Materials Project database...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675381/matched-computed-tomography-segmentation-and-demographic-data-for-oropharyngeal-cancer-radiomics-challenges
#20
(no author information available yet)
Cancers arising from the oropharynx have become increasingly more studied in the past few years, as they are now epidemic domestically. These tumors are treated with definitive (chemo)radiotherapy, and have local recurrence as a primary mode of clinical failure. Recent data suggest that 'radiomics', or extraction of image texture analysis to generate mineable quantitative data from medical images, can reflect phenotypes for various cancers. Several groups have shown that developed radiomic signatures, in head and neck cancers, can be correlated with survival outcomes...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Data
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