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Scientific Data

Yin Zhang, Guidong Miao, Qingyang Wu, Fan Lin, Cuihong You, Shuqi Wang, Jude Juventus Aweya, Hongyu Ma
Crab culture has gained prominence in the last decade due to the large global market demand for live crabs and crab products. Portunus sanguinolentus is one of the economically important crab species in the Indo-Pacific region, with distinct differences in growth and size between male and female crabs, thus, leading to huge difference in their market values. The culture of P. sanguinolentus is still in its infancy, with crab supplies heavily dependent on wild catch. In order to unravel the molecular differences between male and female crabs, we generated a comprehensive transcriptomic dataset for P...
July 10, 2018: Scientific Data
Kathie L Dionisio, Katherine Phillips, Paul S Price, Christopher M Grulke, Antony Williams, Derya Biryol, Tao Hong, Kristin K Isaacs
Quantitative data on product chemical composition is a necessary parameter for characterizing near-field exposure. This data set comprises reported and predicted information on more than 75,000 chemicals and more than 15,000 consumer products. The data's primary intended use is for exposure, risk, and safety assessments. The data set includes specific products with quantitative or qualitative ingredient information, which has been publicly disclosed through material safety data sheets (MSDS) and ingredient lists...
July 10, 2018: Scientific Data
Emanuele Giachetta, Sean D Willett
The plan-form structure of the world's river basins contains extensive information regarding tectonic, paleo-geographic and paleo-climate conditions, but interpretation of this structure is complicated by the need to disentangle these processes from the autogenic behavior of fluvial processes. One method of interpreting this structure is by integrating channel length and drainage area as characterized by the scaling relationship between slope and area, resulting in a characteristic length parameter, referred to in recent studies as χ...
July 10, 2018: Scientific Data
Justin A Brantley, Trieu Phat Luu, Sho Nakagome, Fangshi Zhu, Jose L Contreras-Vidal
Human locomotion is a complex process that requires the integration of central and peripheral nervous signalling. Understanding the brain's involvement in locomotion is challenging and is traditionally investigated during locomotor imagination or observation. However, stationary imaging methods lack the ability to infer information about the peripheral and central signalling during actual task execution. In this report, we present a dataset containing simultaneously recorded electroencephalography (EEG), lower-limb electromyography (EMG), and full body motion capture recorded from ten able-bodied individuals...
July 10, 2018: Scientific Data
Çağatay Tavşanoğlu, Juli G Pausas
Functional trait databases are emerging as crucial tools for a wide range of ecological studies across the world. Here, we provide a database of functional traits for vascular plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. The database includes 25,764 individual records of 44 traits from 2,457 plant taxa distributed in 119 taxonomic families. This database (BROT 2.0) is an updated and enlarged version of a previous database (BROT 1.0; 8,263 records, 14 traits, 952 taxa). Trait data were obtained from a comprehensive literature review, plus some field and experimental observations...
July 10, 2018: Scientific Data
Pierre Laurent, Florent Mouillot, Chao Yue, Philippe Ciais, M Vanesa Moreno, Joana M P Nogueira
Vegetation fires are intrinsic ecosystem disturbances of the Earth system. Global burned area products have been delivered from several space-borne instruments, and have recently provided pixel-level information underpinning fire spread processes. Here we present FRY, a global database of fire patches with morphology-based functional traits reconstructed from pixel-based burned areas derived from the MODIS and MERIS imagery using a flood-fill algorithm. Each fire patch is characterized by the geo-location of its center, area, perimeter, the features of the ellipse fitted over its pixel's spatial distribution, and different indices of patch complexity...
July 10, 2018: Scientific Data
K Homewood, K Schreckenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2018: Scientific Data
Jevgeniy Bluwstein, Katherine Homewood, Jens Friis Lund, Martin Reinhardt Nielsen, Neil Burgess, Maurus Msuha, Joseph Olila, Sironka Stephen Sankeni, Supuku Kiroiya Millia, Hudson Laizer, Filemon Elisante, Aidan Keane
Since the 2000s, Tanzania's natural resource management policy has emphasised Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), designed to promote wildlife and biodiversity conservation, poverty alleviation and rural development. We carried out a quasi-experimental impact evaluation of social impacts of WMAs, collecting data from 24 villages participating in 6 different WMAs across two geographical regions, and 18 statistically matched control villages. Across these 42 villages, we collected participatory wealth ranking data for 13,578 households...
July 3, 2018: Scientific Data
Boris F Ochoa-Tocachi, Wouter Buytaert, Javier Antiporta, Luis Acosta, Juan D Bardales, Rolando Célleri, Patricio Crespo, Paola Fuentes, Junior Gil-Ríos, Mario Guallpa, Carlos Llerena, Dimas Olaya, Pablo Pardo, Gerver Rojas, Marcos Villacís, Mauricio Villazón, Paúl Viñas, Bert De Bièvre
This article presents a hydrometeorological dataset from a network of paired instrumented catchments, obtained by participatory monitoring through a partnership of academic and non-governmental institutions. The network consists of 28 headwater catchments (<20 km2 ) covering three major biomes in 9 locations of the tropical Andes. The data consist of precipitation event records at 0.254 mm resolution or finer, water level and streamflow time series at 5 min intervals, data aggregations at hourly and daily scale, a set of hydrological indices derived from the daily time series, and catchment physiographic descriptors...
July 3, 2018: Scientific Data
Nir Goren, James Avery, Thomas Dowrick, Eleanor Mackle, Anna Witkowska-Wrobel, David Werring, David Holder
Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive imaging technique, which has the potential to expedite the differentiation of ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke, decreasing the time to treatment. Whilst demonstrated in simulation, there are currently no suitable imaging or classification methods which can be successfully applied to human stroke data. Development of these complex methods is hindered by a lack of quality Multi-Frequency EIT (MFEIT) data. To address this, MFEIT data were collected from 23 stroke patients, and 10 healthy volunteers, as part of a clinical trial in collaboration with the Hyper Acute Stroke Unit (HASU) at University College London Hospital (UCLH)...
July 3, 2018: Scientific Data
Christian Klepp, Simon Michel, Alain Protat, Jörg Burdanowitz, Nicole Albern, Marvin Kähnert, Andrea Dahl, Valentin Louf, Stephan Bakan, Stefan A Buehler
OceanRAIN-the Ocean Rainfall And Ice-phase precipitation measurement Network-provides in-situ along-track shipboard data of precipitation, evaporation and the resulting freshwater flux at 1-min resolution over the global oceans from June 2010 to April 2017. More than 6.83 million minutes with 75 parameters from 8 ships cover all routinely measured atmospheric and oceanographic state variables along with those required to derive the turbulent heat fluxes. The precipitation parameter is based on measurements of the optical disdrometer ODM470 specifically designed for all-weather shipboard operations...
July 3, 2018: Scientific Data
Anja Nohe, Carolien Knockaert, Annelies Goffin, Elien Dewitte, Karien De Cauwer, Xavier Desmit, Wim Vyverman, Lennert Tyberghein, Ruth Lagring, Koen Sabbe
The Belgian Phytoplankton Database (BPD) is a comprehensive data collection comprising quantitative phytoplankton cell counts from multiple research projects conducted since 1968. The collection is focused on the Belgian part of the North Sea, but also includes data from the French and the Dutch part of the North Sea. The database includes almost 300 unique sampling locations and more than 3,000 sampling events resulting in more than 86,000 phytoplankton cell count records. The dataset covers two periods: 1968 to 1978 and 1994 to 2010...
July 3, 2018: Scientific Data
Andrew Reid Bell, Patrick S Ward, Lawrence Mapemba, Zephania Nyirenda, Wupe Msukwa, Edwin Kenamu
Conservation agriculture (CA) is a management paradigm in which soil is covered outside of cropping seasons, minimally disturbed, and recharged with nitrogen-fixing legumes. Finding effective ways to encourage CA is a centuries-old problem playing out acutely today in Sub-Saharan Africa. To better understand this issue, we have collected data on rural livelihoods and CA adoption during a two-year intervention in southern Malawi. The intervention evaluated rates of CA adoption under two different structures of payment and three levels of monitoring...
July 3, 2018: Scientific Data
Chris Funk, Sharon E Nicholson, Martin Landsfeld, Douglas Klotter, Pete Peterson, Laura Harrison
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2015.50.
July 3, 2018: Scientific Data
Kathryn M Kauffman, Julia M Brown, Radhey S Sharma, David VanInsberghe, Joseph Elsherbini, Martin Polz, Libusha Kelly
Viruses are highly discriminating in their interactions with host cells and are thought to play a major role in maintaining diversity of environmental microbes. However, large-scale ecological and genomic studies of co-occurring virus-host pairs, required to characterize the mechanistic and genomic foundations of virus-host interactions, are lacking. Here, we present the largest dataset of cultivated and sequenced co-occurring virus-host pairs that captures ecologically representative fine-scale diversity. Using the ubiquitous and ecologically diverse marine Vibrionaceae as a host platform, we isolate and sequence 251 dsDNA viruses and their hosts from three time points within a 93-day time-series study...
July 3, 2018: Scientific Data
Fiona M Jones, Campbell Allen, Carlos Arteta, Joan Arthur, Caitlin Black, Louise M Emmerson, Robin Freeman, Greg Hines, Chris J Lintott, Zuzana Macháčková, Grant Miller, Rob Simpson, Colin Southwell, Holly R Torsey, Andrew Zisserman, Tom Hart
Automated time-lapse cameras can facilitate reliable and consistent monitoring of wild animal populations. In this report, data from 73,802 images taken by 15 different Penguin Watch cameras are presented, capturing the dynamics of penguin (Spheniscidae; Pygoscelis spp.) breeding colonies across the Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland Islands and South Georgia (03/2012 to 01/2014). Citizen science provides a means by which large and otherwise intractable photographic data sets can be processed, and here we describe the methodology associated with the Zooniverse project Penguin Watch, and provide validation of the method...
June 26, 2018: Scientific Data
Mark D Wilkinson, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Erik Schultes, Peter Doorn, Luiz Olavo Bonino da Silva Santos, Michel Dumontier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2018: Scientific Data
Elia Gatti, Elena Calzolari, Emanuela Maggioni, Marianna Obrist
The human emotional reactions to stimuli delivered by different sensory modalities is a topic of interest for many disciplines, from Human-Computer-Interaction to cognitive sciences. Different databases of stimuli eliciting emotional reaction are available, tested on a high number of participants. Interestingly, stimuli within one database are always of the same type. In other words, to date, no data was obtained and compared from distinct types of emotion-eliciting stimuli from the same participant. This makes it difficult to use different databases within the same experiment, limiting the complexity of experiments investigating emotional reactions...
June 26, 2018: Scientific Data
Likhitha Kolla, David S Heo, Daniel P Rosenberg, Sara A Barlow, Anna A Maximova, Emily E Cassio, William J Buchser
Forms of selective autophagy have now been recognized to regulate flux in many intracellular processes. Specific pathways and functions have been identified for mitophagy, ERphagy, and other selective autophagies; yet there is no consensus in whether and how autophagy regulates protein maintenance in and around the nucleus. Such processes are of interest for potential degradation of DNA and nuclear envelope proteins in various disease states. The mechanistic details of such nucleus-related autophagic processes remain elusive due to the lack of chemical or genetic regulators to manipulate and follow the process in vitro...
June 26, 2018: Scientific Data
Harvey Davis, Emma N Bardsley, David J Paterson
The course of hypertension remains poorly understood, although impairment of the sympathetic nervous systems is thought to play a role in its aetiology. In this study, RNA-sequencing (RNAseq) was used to identify transcriptomal differences in the sympathetic stellate ganglia between 16-week-old normotensive Wistar rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Sequencing quality was assessed by FastQC and quasi-mapping rate by Salmon. Differential expression results were confirmed by real time reverse transcriptase Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR)...
June 26, 2018: Scientific Data
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