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ACG Case Reports Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008414/endoscopic-tattooing-from-blue-to-black
#1
Tony S Brar, Peter V Draganov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008413/gastrointestinal-symptoms-from-left-ventricular-assist-device-external-compression-of-the-gastric-lumen
#2
Jorge Suarez, Dennis Yang
A 74-year-old man with a left-ventricular assist device (LVAD) as destination therapy for end-stage ischemic cardiomyopathy presented with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Other symptoms included chronic early satiety, intermittent nausea, and non-specific abdominal discomfort since LVAD implantation 3 years ago. An actively bleeding duodenal arteriovenous malformation was successfully treated with endoscopic coagulation. There was also evidence of moderate external compression of the anterior gastric wall from the LVAD pump with luminal narrowing in the antrum...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008412/prophylactic-total-gastrectomy-for-hereditary-diffuse-gastric-cancer
#3
Benjamin Shepard, Leon Yoder, Cynthia Holmes
Germline mutations in the CDH1 gene that produces E-cadherin have been implicated in the development of early-onset diffuse gastric cancer, termed hereditary diffuse gastric cancer. The mean age of gastric cancer diagnosis in affected individuals is 37 years. By age 80, CDH1 mutation carriers who fulfill the clinical criteria for hereditary diffuse gastric cancer have an estimated lifetime risk of gastric cancer development of 67% for men and 83% for women. Data suggest that endoscopic surveillance for mutation carriers is largely ineffective...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008411/purulent-proctitis-caused-by-prevotella-bivia-in-a-homosexual-male
#4
Maen Masadeh, Sarah Hossain, Jeffrey Dunkelberg, Henning Gerke
A 32-year-old homosexual male presented with suprapubic pain. Computed tomography showed rectal wall thickening. Flexible sigmoidoscopy showed small pockets of pus that were opened with mucosal biopsies, and additional pus was diffusely expressed from the rectal wall by applying blunt pressure with the biopsy forceps. Cultures from the pus grew Prevotella bivia. Symptoms resolved after treatment with doxycycline and metronidazole. Proctitis due to P. bivia was not previously reported.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008410/non-meckel-s-small-bowel-diverticular-bleeding-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Gabriel Mansouraty, Daniel Wild
Gastrointestinal bleeding from non-Meckel's small bowel diverticulosis is uncommon. Depending on the diverticulum's location, a patient's presentation can suggest either an upper or lower gastrointestinal source. We present two cases of bleeding from non-Meckel's small bowel diverticula. One patient was managed successfully with endoscopic therapy, and the second required surgical resection after two failed attempts at achieving hemostasis endoscopically.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008409/a-concurrent-case-of-m%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-trier-s-disease-and-signet-ring-carcinoma
#6
Anderson H Kuo, Nicholas Martinez, Laura Rosenkranz
Ménétrier's disease, also known as hyperplastic protein-losing gastropathy, is a rare, idiopathic, acquired, premalignant condition associated with gastric carcinoma. Its association with signet ring cell cancer of the stomach has been previously reported only twice. We present the third case of histologically confirmed concurrent Ménétrier's disease with signet ring carcinoma of the stomach, interrogated by esophagogastroduodenoscopy and endoscopic ultrasound.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008408/sarcoidosis-causing-mid-esophageal-traction-diverticulum
#7
Shady Guirguis, Sulaiman Azeez, Sarwat Amer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008407/severe-hepatopulmonary-syndrome-in-an-adolescent-patient-with-non-cirrhotic-portal-fibrosis
#8
Vikrant Sood, S Rajesh, Bikrant Bihari Lal, Dinesh Rawat, Seema Alam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008406/dietary-creatine-as-a-possible-novel-treatment-for-crohn-s-ileitis
#9
Abhik Roy, David Lee
Creatine, a commonly used dietary supplement, plays an important role in maintaining gut barrier function. Given that dysregulation of the intestinal epithelial barrier is a hallmark of inflammatory bowel disease, it is plausible that creatine supplementation may attenuate disease severity. We present a patient with Crohn's ileitis who responded to creatine supplementation with both symptomatic and endoscopic improvement in disease activity.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008405/renal-vein-and-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-a-rare-extrasplanchnic-complication-of-acute-pancreatitis
#10
Ruchir Patel, Dhaval Choksi, Alisha Chaubal, Nirav Pipaliya, Meghraj Ingle, Prabha Sawant
Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder often associated with various complications. Approximately one fourth of patients with acute pancreatitis develop vascular complications, of which venous thrombosis forms a major group. Extrasplanchnic venous thrombosis is less common, and simultaneous renal vein and inferior vena cava thrombosis is reported only twice. We report a case of alcohol-related acute pancreatitis complicated by simultaneous renal vein and inferior vena cava thrombosis.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008404/inverted-meckel-s-diverticulum-with-intussusception-and-ulceration-diagnosed-after-rectal-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#11
Suliman Al-Shankiti, Brendan Halloran, Dante D'Urbano, Sergio Zepeda-Gómez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008403/endoscopic-ultrasound-as-a-diagnostic-tool-in-a-case-of-obscure-hemobilia
#12
Monica A Konerman, Zishu Zhang, Cyrus Piraka
Hemobilia represents an uncommon cause of gastrointestinal bleeding that can present both diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The evaluation of hemobilia typically involves cross-sectional imaging and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). There is limited data regarding the diagnostic utility of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in the evaluation of hemobilia. We present a case of a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm as the etiology of hemobilia that was detected via EUS only. We conclude that EUS can serve as an important diagnostic tool in the evaluation of obscure hemobilia, especially in cases where imaging, ERCP, and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography have been unsuccessful or inconclusive...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008402/dapagliflozin-induced-acute-on-chronic-liver-injury
#13
Joshua A Levine, Amy Ann Lo, Amisha Wallia, Melinda Rogers, Lisa B VanWagner
Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors are a new class of oral hypoglycemic agents, and thus safety data are limited. We present a 48-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus and Child's Class A cirrhosis secondary to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis presenting with jaundice and acute cholestatic liver injury. Other than starting dapagliflozin, she reported no medication changes or supplement use. Before treatment, her total bilirubin was 1.2 mg/dL. On admission, her liver values were elevated and liver biopsy was consistent with drug-induced liver injury...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008401/rectal-blue-nevus-distinguishing-features-of-a-rare-entity
#14
Neena Mohan, Christina Tofani, Peter McCue, Daniel Quirk
A 26-year-old African American man with a history of depression and tuberculosis presented to the gastroenterology department after several months of rectal pain with bowel movements. Colonoscopy revealed hyperpigmentation in the distal rectum and internal hemorrhoids, which resulted in a diagnosis of blue nevi. This is only the third known description of a blue nevus involving the gastrointestinal mucosa.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008400/obscure-overt-gastrointestinal-bleeding-secondary-to-ventral-hernioplasty-mesh-small-bowel-perforation-visualized-with-video-capsule-endoscopy
#15
Yumi Mendez-Ishizaki, Javier L Parra
We report a case of a 79-year-old female presenting with hematemesis and melena 9 years after ventral hernioplasty with mesh. After initial normal endoscopy and colonoscopy, video capsule endoscopy revealed a metallic wire mesh perforating the jejunum. Abdominal computed tomography did not identify a perforation although metallic mesh was visualized close to the small bowel. We present the first ventral hernia mesh perforation diagnosed via video capsule endoscopy. Such a finding emphasizes the importance of a complete diagnostic workup when approaching a patient with obscure overt gastrointestinal bleeding...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921065/rapidly-progressive-muscle-paralysis-and-acute-respiratory-failure-following-endoscopic-botulinum-toxin-injection
#16
Geoffrey You, Ahmed Khan, Julia Shor, Gary P Forester
Botulism toxin injection (BTI) is a well-known and relatively safe endoscopic treatment for achalasia. We report a case of a 90-year-old female diagnosed with achalasia who subsequently underwent BTI with symptomatic relief. The therapy was complicated by systemic botulism, however, leading to progressive muscle paralysis with diaphragmatic involvement requiring mechanical ventilation support. This is the first reported case of BTI for achalasia causing systemic botulism.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921064/over-the-scope-clip-closure-of-a-colon-perforation-caused-by-an-ingested-wooden-toothpick
#17
Sebastian Luense, Peter Simon, Claus-Dieter Heidecke, Anne Glitsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921063/migration-and-erosion-of-cervical-spine-hardware-into-the-esophageal-lumen-causing-odynophagia-and-dysphagia
#18
Neal Mehta, Sajan Jiv Singh Nagpal, Bradley Confer, John Vargo, Amit Bhatt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921062/long-qt-syndrome-and-duodenal-ampullary-adenoma-a-new-association
#19
F N U Asad-Ur-Rahman, Laura Hughes, Muhammad Talha Khan, Muhammad Khalid Hasan, Irteza Inayat
KCNQ1 gene mutation has a well-known association with long QT syndrome (LQTS). However, recent studies suggest that it may be implicated in intestinal neoplasia. We present a 27-year-old Hispanic man with a known history of LQTS secondary to KCNQ1 mutation, who presented with painless jaundice. Endoscopic retrograde pancreatic cholangiography revealed a prominent ampulla, with histology consistent with ampullary adenoma with high-grade dysplasia. Further endoscopic studies did not suggest familial adenomatous polyposis...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921061/acute-liver-failure-secondary-to-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-during-pregnancy
#20
Jeanne-Marie Giard, Kerry A Decker, Jennifer C Lai, Ryan M Gill, Aaron C Logan, Oren K Fix
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a syndrome of excessive immune activation that mimics and occurs with other systemic diseases. A 35-year-old female presented with signs of viral illness at 13 weeks of pregnancy and progressed to acute liver failure (ALF). We discuss the diagnosis of HLH and Kikuchi-Fujimoto (KF) lymphadenitis in the context of pregnancy and ALF. HLH may respond to comorbid disease-specific therapy, and more toxic treatment can be avoided.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
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