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ACG Case Reports Journal

Sakolwan Suchartlikitwong, Pakpoom Tantrachoti, Thammasak Mingbunjerdsuk, Passisd Laoveeravat, Ariwan Rakvit
Light-chain amyloidosis is caused by deposition of immunoglobulin light chains within multiple organs, including the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Gastrointestinal hemorrhage is a less frequent presentation. Endoscopic findings are nonspecific, and bleeding mucosal polyps are rare. We report a 59-year-old Hispanic woman with a history of gastric polyps who presented with recurrent GI hemorrhage from mucosal polyps. She had periorbital purpura and macroglossia. Biopsy of the gastric polyp confirmed amyloid deposition...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Zahava C Farkas, Lavneet Chawla, Shalom Frager, Edward Esses, Yasmin Yusuf, Brad Dworkin
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-induced pseudotumors, or mass-like lesions in the colon, are a rare entity. We report a case of CMV-related spindle cell pseudotumor in an immunocompetent patient with a left ventricular assist device. This case highlights the importance of considering CMV-induced inflammatory pseudotumor when evaluating tumorous lesions in the colon, as well as the importance of appropriate diagnostic work-up, including proper biopsy technique and meticulous review of the pathology.
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Brian P H Chan, Martin Hyrcza, Jennifer Ramsay, Frances Tse
Gastric duplication cysts are rare congenital anomalies, and malignant transformation has only been reported in 11 cases. A healthy 57-year-old woman presented with abdominal discomfort, and computed tomography revealed a 5.8 × 6.6 × 8.2 cm mass at the gastric fundus. On endoscopic ultrasound, the mass was mostly hypoechoic with anechoic cystic cavities arising from the submucosal layer. Fine-needle aspiration was suspicious for adenocarcinoma. Surgical pathology confirmed high-grade adenocarcinoma, clear cell cytology arising from a foregut duplication cyst...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Manoj Kumar, Gilad Shapira, Alex Wiles, Caitline Marshall, Divya Nadella, Meir Mizrahi
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided transluminal drainage of obstructed bile duct with conventional metal and plastic stents has been in practice for several years, but this modality carries its own potential complications and obstacles. Nevertheless, the novel Hot AXIOS stent (Boston Scientific Corp., Marlborough, MA) has been shown to overcome some of those factors, which justifies its application in a variety of clinical indications, such as EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS) for biliary drainage after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Pradeep Kathi, Maher Tama, Vivek Reddy, Shankerdas Kundumadam, Omar Al-Subee, Murray N Ehrinpreis
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous disorder with decreased production of immunoglobulins that presents with recurrent and serious infections in ∼90% of cases. Review of the literature showed only 12 cases of gastrointestinal infection of cytomegalovirus in patients with CVID. We present an unusual case of a CVID patient presenting with new-onset hematochezia. With proper clinical suspicion and endoscopic evaluation, cytomegalovirus colitis was diagnosed and acute bleeding was successfully treated endoscopically...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Yuchen Wang, Seema Gandhi, Anupam Basu, Anthonia Ijeli, Paula Kovarik, Marin Sekosan, Melchor Demetria
A pancreatic collision tumor is a rare entity that can be challenging to diagnose. We present a very rare case of a pancreatic collision tumor composed of both a neuroendocrine tumor and a ductal adenocarcinoma. Preoperative diagnosis was clinically challenging because both the radiology and fine-needle biopsy were consistent with a typical neuroendocrine mass. However, gross examination of the mass postoperatively revealed neuroendocrine cells with rare foci of ductal adenocarcinoma without a transition zone...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Eiko Okimoto, Norihisa Ishimura, Mayumi Okada, Hironobu Mikami, Hiroki Sonoyama, Nahoko Ishikawa, Asuka Araki, Naoki Oshima, Junko Hirai, Shunji Ishihara, Riruke Maruyama, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
We successfully treated a 22-year-old woman with eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) using a multiple food-elimination diet. The patient was diagnosed with EGE based on histopathological findings and initially treated with oral prednisolone. The symptoms immediately improved, although they recurred when prednisolone was tapered to a low dose. We then treated her with a multiple food-elimination diet, including milk, soy, eggs, wheat, nuts, seafood, and rice. During dietary treatment, we identified dairy products and eggs as causative foods of the symptoms, and we ceased prednisolone...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Arif Ahmad Wani, Mohd Ilyas, Irfan Robbani, Sayar Ahmad Taley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Michael W Winter, Amr Dokmak, Zachary Marnoy, Shweta Sinagare, Alexander N Levy
Signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is an adenocarcinoma characterized by mucin-producing cells and most commonly arises in the stomach. Colonic SRCC can share features of colitis, including long segments of concentric bowel wall thickening and ulcerated mucosa with regions of sparing. We describe a rare case of metastatic gastric SRCC mimicking Crohn's disease. Our patient underwent 2 colonoscopies, and biopsies revealed chronic active inflammation with no evidence of malignancy. The diagnosis of SRCC was only made after colectomy was performed for recurrent bowel obstruction...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Soros Anuchapreeda, Patduangpuk Phengsuthi, Prapimphan Aumpansub, Naruemon Wisedopas, Thawee Ratanachuek
A 15-year-old adolescent boy presented with chronic constipation, difficulty in defecation, and episodic bloody stools. A rectal mass lesion was digitally palpated. Colonoscopy showed a large circumferential polypoid lesion of the mid-rectum. Snare polypectomy was performed, and histopathology confirmed a diagnosis of benign inflammatory cap polyposis. At 3-month follow-up, sigmoidoscopy showed multiple recurrences of polyps at the site of the previous rectal polypectomy, which were removed by combined hot snare polypectomy and argon plasma coagulation...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Yaseen Alastal, Basmah Khalil, Surendra Singh, Sameh B Almadani
Ectopic pancreas is an uncommon finding in the stomach. Complications are rare but can lead to significant morbidity and even mortality. We report a 49-year-old man who presented with upper abdominal pain, vomiting, and weight loss and was found to have a gastric wall abscess that developed a few weeks after endoscopic biopsy of a gastric ulcer. After medical treatment failed to resolve his symptoms, he underwent distal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy. Postoperatively, the gastric wall abscess was determined to have derived from a focus of ectopic pancreatic tissue with evidence of ectopic chronic pancreatitis...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Daniel Hughes, James Kynaston, David Messenger, Efstratios Alexandridis, Andrew Strickland, A J Portal
Large bowel obstruction secondary to colonic gallstone impaction is rare. We report an elderly patient who presented with colonic obstruction secondary to impaction of a gallstone in a diverticular segment of his sigmoid colon. He had severe comorbidities that precluded surgery, and it was not possible to remove the gallstone using standard endoscopic techniques. Endoscopic electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL) was performed to fracture the gallstone, and fragments were successfully removed. For comorbid patients who are not fit for general anesthesia, endoscopic stone retrieval should be considered...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Isabel A Hujoel, Alberto Rubio-Tapia, Linda N Dao, Luis F Porrata, Sunanda V Kane
Immunosuppressive medications, frequently used to treat inflammatory bowel disease, have been linked to the development of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD). We describe a case of an EBV-positive mucocutaneous ulcer involving the palate in an elderly woman with inactive Crohn's disease. This patient had been on high-dose azathioprine for a decade. Following diagnosis of her LPD and discontinuation of azathioprine, her oral ulcers resolved completely.
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Jagannath M Sherigar, Yoness Darouichi, Debra Guss, Smruti R Mohanty
Glycogenic hepatopathy is a rare and under-recognized complication of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. We report a patient who presented with predominant elevation in alkaline phosphatase and liver biopsy showing bridging fibrosis, which is an unusual presentation of glycogenic hepatopathy. This case emphasizes the fact that glycogenic hepatopathy can also present with a cholestatic pattern of liver abnormality and with liver fibrosis, which warrants further study because severe fibrosis can progress to cirrhosis...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Mohamed Barakat, Steven Hernandez, Janeeka Benoit, Seyedmohammad Pourshahid, Yusufal Mamoon, George T Martin
Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is the result of portal vein pyemia, which usually originates from the hepatobiliary system or the gastrointestinal tract. Gram-negative organisms are the most common causative pathogens in PLA. Clostridium tertium is an anaerobic gram-positive, low-virulence organism that most commonly affects neutropenic patients with hematological malignancy and has not been reported to cause PLA. We report an unusual presentation of a C. tertium infection as a PLA in a previously healthy, immunocompetent patient with no identifiable source of portal pyemia...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Andrew Zanazanian, Amir Kalani, James H Tabibian
Pseudocirrhosis is an infrequently reported clinico-radiologic complication that primarily occurs in a subset of patients with a history of breast carcinoma metastatic to the liver that has been treated with systemic chemotherapy, particularly capecitabine, gemcitabine, trastuzumab, and/or paclitaxel. Even less common are cases of pseudocirrhosis secondary to other (i.e., non-breast) carcinomas. We describe a 43-year-old woman with a history of metastatic ovarian carcinoma treated several years prior with systemic chemotherapy who presented with progressive dysphagia and was found to have gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma and, incidentally, pseudocirrhosis...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Hampton W Collins, Jeanetta W Frye
Interstitial lung disease is a rare but increasingly recognized extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease that can have devastating consequences if left untreated. We report a case of ulcerative colitis-associated interstitial lung disease presenting with acute hypoxic respiratory failure during an ulcerative colitis flare. Gastroenterologists and pulmonologists should be aware of the numerous bronchopulmonary signs and symptoms that can suggest systemic illness in inflammatory bowel disease...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Anup Shah, Praneet Korrapati, Jerome Siegel, Franklin Kasmin
Pancreatic cancer commonly metastasizes to the liver, lungs, stomach, bone, and bowel, but rarely does it spread to the bladder. We describe a case of a 66-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus who presented with abnormal liver function laboratory tests, abdominal discomfort, unintentional weight loss, and no urinary symptoms. Abdominal CT revealed a pancreatic and bladder mass. Pathology of the bladder mass confirmed metastatic adenocarcinoma of pancreaticobiliary origin. To our knowledge, this is only the third case of metastatic pancreatic cancer spreading to the bladder since 1953...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Nanae Takatori, Derek Patel
Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms are a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding with a high mortality rate. We report a case of a 37-year-old woman who presented with massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage and was found to have an arterioenteric fistula from a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a 1.5-cm ulcer overlying a large mucosal bulge that compressed the lumen of the duodenal bulb. A vascular stent graft was placed successfully over the pseudoaneurysm neck. We report the first case of the unique intraluminal appearance of an enteric fistula related to a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Shilpa Lingala, Andrew Moore, Siri Kadire, Sridhar Shankar, Kanak Das, Colin W Howden
We present a unique case of duodeno-duodenal intussusception from a duodenal bulb ulcer. A 38-year-old man presented with nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Computed tomography showed duodenal intussusception. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showed a linear gastric ulcer and a duodenal bulb ulcer with an overlying blood clot. Helicobacter pylori status was positive. Intussusception resolved spontaneously without intervention. He completed treatment for H. pylori infection, and repeat EGD showed ulcer healing...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
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