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Journal of Medical Engineering

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230404/experimental-gait-analysis-to-study-stress-distribution-of-the-human-foot
#1
Vidya K Nandikolla, Robin Bochen, Steven Meza, Allan Garcia
Researchers and clinicians are increasingly using plantar pressure and force measurement system to evaluate foot functions. This research evaluates the quality and reliability of a Tekscan HR mat to study the plantar pressures and forces acting during walking, running, jumping, and standing of healthy subjects. The following regions of the foot were investigated: heel, mid foot, metatarsophalangeal joint, hallux, and the toes. The arches of both feet of the three healthy subjects in the gait analysis were presented which addresses the balancing issues of the body during locomotion...
2017: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214158/optical-coherence-tomography-basic-concepts-and-applications-in-neuroscience-research
#2
REVIEW
Mobin Ibne Mokbul
Optical coherence tomography is a micrometer-scale imaging modality that permits label-free, cross-sectional imaging of biological tissue microstructure using tissue backscattering properties. After its invention in the 1990s, OCT is now being widely used in several branches of neuroscience as well as other fields of biomedical science. This review study reports an overview of OCT's applications in several branches or subbranches of neuroscience such as neuroimaging, neurology, neurosurgery, neuropathology, and neuroembryology...
2017: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717644/optimization-of-a-functionally-graded-material-stem-in-the-femoral-component-of-a-cemented-hip-arthroplasty-influence-of-dimensionality-of-fgm
#3
Abdellah Ait Moussa, Rohan Yadav
The longevity of hip prostheses is contingent on the stability of the implant within the cavity of the femur bone. The cemented fixation was mostly adopted owing to offering the immediate stability from cement-stem and cement-bone bonding interfaces after implant surgery. Yet cement damage and stress shielding of the bone were proven to adversely affect the lifelong stability of the implant, especially among younger subjects who tend to have an active lifestyle. The geometry and material distribution of the implant can be optimized more efficiently with a three-dimensional realistic design of a functionally graded material (FGM)...
2017: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995133/comparison-of-the-lag-screw-placements-for-the-treatment-of-stable-and-unstable-intertrochanteric-femoral-fractures-regarding-trabecular-bone-failure
#4
Talip Celik, Ibrahim Mutlu, Arif Ozkan, Yasin Kisioglu
Background. In this study, the cut-out risk of Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) was investigated in nine different positions of the lag screw for two fracture types by using Finite Element Analysis (FEA). Methods. Two types of fractures (31-A1.1 and A2.1 in AO classification) were generated in the femur model obtained from Computerized Tomography images. The DHS model was placed into the fractured femur model in nine different positions. Tip-Apex Distances were measured using SolidWorks. In FEA, the force applied to the femoral head was determined according to the maximum value being observed during walking...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965972/a-hybrid-signal-processing-of-rr-intervals-from-qtc-variation-searching-arrhythmia-and-improving-heart-rate-variability-assessment-in-acute-large-artery-ischemic-stroke
#5
S Rangsungnoen, P Chanbenjapipu, N Mathuradavong, K Suwanprasert
Sudden death caused by abnormal QTc and atrial fibrillation (AF) has been reported in stroke. Heart rate variability (HRV) is reduced with missing beats of RRI during arrhythmic episode and abnormal QTc variation during acute stroke. In this study, we develop a hybrid signal processing by Pan Tompkins QRS detection and Kalman filter estimator for meaningful missing beats and searching AF with prolonged QTc. We use this hybrid model to investigate RRIs of Lead II ECG in thirty acute stroke patients with long QTc and AF (LQTc-AF) and normal QTc without AF (NQTc-nonAF) and then assess them by HRV...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872843/an-engineering-perspective-of-external-cardiac-loop-recorder-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Avvaru Srinivasulu, N Sriraam
External cardiac loop recorder (ELR) is a kind of ECG monitoring system that records cardiac activities of a subject continuously for a long time. When the heart palpitations are not the frequent and nonspecific character, it is difficult to diagnose the disease. In such a case, ELR is used for long-term monitoring of heart signal of the patient. But the cost of ELR is very high. Therefore, it is not prominently available in developing countries like India. Since the design of ELR includes the ECG electrodes, instrumentation amplifier, analog to digital converter, and signal processing unit, a comparative review of each part of the ELR is presented in this paper in order to design a cost effective, low power, and compact kind of ELR...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843937/assessment-of-optimized-electrode-configuration-for-electrical-impedance-myography-using-genetic-algorithm-via-finite-element-model
#7
Somen Baidya, Mohammad A Ahad
Electrical Impedance Myography (EIM) is a noninvasive neurophysiologic technique to diagnose muscle health. Besides muscle properties, the EIM measurements vary significantly with the change of some other anatomic and nonanatomic factors such as skin fat thickness, shape and thickness of muscle, and electrode size and spacing due to its noninvasive nature of measurement. In this study, genetic algorithm was applied along with finite element model of EIM as an optimization tool in order to figure out an optimized EIM electrode setup, which is less affected by these factors, specifically muscle thickness variation, but does not compromise EIM's ability to detect muscle diseases...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843936/the-biomechanics-and-optimization-of-the-needle-syringe-system-for-injecting-triamcinolone-acetonide-into-keloids
#8
Anthony Vo, Marc Doumit, Gloria Rockwell
Purpose. Injecting triamcinolone acetonide (TA) into a keloid is physically challenging due to the density of keloids. The purpose was to investigate the effects of various syringe and needle combinations on the injection force to determine the most ergonomic combination. Materials and Methods. A load cell was used to generate and measure the injection force. Phase 1: the injection force of 5 common syringes was measured by injecting water into air. The syringe that required the lowest injection force was evaluated with various needle gauges (25, 27, and 30 G) and lengths (16, 25, and 38 mm) by injecting TA (40 mg/mL) into air...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822467/a-kinect-based-physiotherapy-and-assessment-platform-for-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#9
Ioannis Pachoulakis, Nikolaos Xilourgos, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Anastasia Analyti
We report on a Kinect-based, augmented reality, real-time physiotherapy platform tailored to Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. The platform employs a Kinect sensor to extract real-time 3D skeletal data (joint information) from a patient facing the sensor (at 30 frames per second). In addition, a small collection of exercises practiced in traditional physiotherapy for PD patients has been implemented in the Unity 3D game engine. Each exercise employs linear or circular movement patterns and poses very light-weight processing demands on real-time computations...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446943/gradient-artefact-correction-and-evaluation-of-the-eeg-recorded-simultaneously-with-fmri-data-using-optimised-moving-average
#10
José L Ferreira, Yan Wu, René M H Besseling, Rolf Lamerichs, Ronald M Aarts
Over the past years, coregistered EEG-fMRI has emerged as a powerful tool for neurocognitive research and correlated studies, mainly because of the possibility of integrating the high temporal resolution of the EEG with the high spatial resolution of fMRI. However, additional work remains to be done in order to improve the quality of the EEG signal recorded simultaneously with fMRI data, in particular regarding the occurrence of the gradient artefact. We devised and presented in this paper a novel approach for gradient artefact correction based upon optimised moving-average filtering (OMA)...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433470/possibilities-of-preoperative-medical-models-made-by-3d-printing-or-additive-manufacturing
#11
Mika Salmi
Most of the 3D printing applications of preoperative models have been focused on dental and craniomaxillofacial area. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the possibilities in other application areas and give examples of the current possibilities. The approach was to communicate with the surgeons with different fields about their needs related preoperative models and try to produce preoperative models that satisfy those needs. Ten different kinds of examples of possibilities were selected to be shown in this paper and aspects related imaging, 3D model reconstruction, 3D modeling, and 3D printing were presented...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110556/potential-of-m-wave-elicited-by-double-pulse-for-muscle-fatigue-evaluation-in-intermittent-muscle-activation-by-functional-electrical-stimulation-for-motor-rehabilitation
#12
Naoto Miura, Takashi Watanabe
Clinical studies on application of functional electrical stimulation (FES) to motor rehabilitation have been increasing. However, muscle fatigue appears early in the course of repetitive movement production training by FES. Although M-wave variables were suggested to be reliable indices of muscle fatigue in long lasting constant electrical stimulation under the isometric condition, the ability of M-wave needs more studies under intermittent stimulation condition, because the intervals between electrical stimulations help recovery of muscle activation level...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019846/identification-of-premature-ventricular-cycles-of-electrocardiogram-using-discrete-cosine-transform-teager-energy-operator-model
#13
Vallem Sharmila, K Ashoka Reddy
An algorithm based on the ability of TEO to track the changes in the envelope of ECG signal is proposed for identifying PVCs in ECG. Teager energy is calculated from DCT coefficients of ECG signal. This method can be considered as computationally efficient algorithm when compared with the well-known DCT cepstrum technique. EPE is derived from the teager energy of DCT coefficients in DCT-TEO method and from the cepstrum of DCT coefficients in the existing method. EPE determines the decay rate of the action potential of ECG beat and provides sufficient information to identify the PVC beats in ECG data...
2015: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019845/an-irregularity-measurement-based-cardiac-status-recognition-using-support-vector-machine
#14
Poulami Banerjee, Ashok Mondal
An automated robust feature extraction technique is proposed in this paper based on inherent structural distribution of heart sound to analyze the phonocardiogram signal in presence of environmental noise and interference of lung sound signal. The structural complexity of the heart sound signal is estimated in terms of sample entropy using a nonlinear signal processing framework. The effectiveness of the feature is evaluated using a support vector machine under two different circumstances which include Gaussian noise and pulmonary perturbation...
2015: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006940/labview-based-ecg-patient-monitoring-system-for-cardiovascular-patient-using-smtp-technology
#15
Om Prakash Singh, Dawit Mekonnen, M B Malarvili
This paper leads to developing a Labview based ECG patient monitoring system for cardiovascular patient using Simple Mail Transfer Protocol technology. The designed device has been divided into three parts. First part is ECG amplifier circuit, built using instrumentation amplifier (AD620) followed by signal conditioning circuit with the operation amplifier (lm741). Secondly, the DAQ card is used to convert the analog signal into digital form for the further process. Furthermore, the data has been processed in Labview where the digital filter techniques have been implemented to remove the noise from the acquired signal...
2015: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006939/electrical-bioimpedance-analysis-a-new-method-in-cervical-cancer-screening
#16
Lopamudra Das, Soumen Das, Jyotirmoy Chatterjee
Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer worldwide and a disease of concern due to its high rate of incidence of about 500,000 women annually and is responsible for about 280,000 deaths in a year. The mortality and morbidity of cervical cancer are reduced through mass screening via Pap smear, but this technique suffers from very high false negativity of around 30% to 40% and hence the sensitivity of this technique is not more than 60%. Electrical bioimpedance study employing cytosensors over a frequency range offers instantaneous and quantitative means to monitor cellular events and is an upcoming technique in real time to classify cells as normal and abnormal ones...
2015: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006938/detection-and-classification-of-cancer-from-microscopic-biopsy-images-using-clinically-significant-and-biologically-interpretable-features
#17
Rajesh Kumar, Rajeev Srivastava, Subodh Srivastava
A framework for automated detection and classification of cancer from microscopic biopsy images using clinically significant and biologically interpretable features is proposed and examined. The various stages involved in the proposed methodology include enhancement of microscopic images, segmentation of background cells, features extraction, and finally the classification. An appropriate and efficient method is employed in each of the design steps of the proposed framework after making a comparative analysis of commonly used method in each category...
2015: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066496/kaczmarz-iterative-projection-and-nonuniform-sampling-with-complexity-estimates
#18
Tim Wallace, Ali Sekmen
Kaczmarz's alternating projection method has been widely used for solving mostly over-determined linear system of equations A x = b in various fields of engineering, medical imaging, and computational science. Because of its simple iterative nature with light computation, this method was successfully applied in computerized tomography. Since tomography generates a matrix A with highly coherent rows, randomized Kaczmarz algorithm is expected to provide faster convergence as it picks a row for each iteration at random, based on a certain probability distribution...
2014: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006937/image-segmentation-and-analysis-of-flexion-extension-radiographs-of-cervical-spines
#19
Eniko T Enikov, Rein Anton
We present a new analysis tool for cervical flexion-extension radiographs based on machine vision and computerized image processing. The method is based on semiautomatic image segmentation leading to detection of common landmarks such as the spinolaminar (SL) line or contour lines of the implanted anterior cervical plates. The technique allows for visualization of the local curvature of these landmarks during flexion-extension experiments. In addition to changes in the curvature of the SL line, it has been found that the cervical plates also deform during flexion-extension examination...
2014: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006936/a-digital-model-to-simulate-effects-of-bone-architecture-variations-on-texture-at-spatial-resolutions-of-ct-hr-pqct-and-%C3%AE-ct-scanners
#20
T Lowitz, O Museyko, V Bousson, W A Kalender, J-D Laredo, K Engelke
The quantification of changes in the trabecular bone structure induced by musculoskeletal diseases like osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and others by means of a texture analysis is a valuable tool which is expected to improve the diagnosis and monitoring of a disease. The reaction of texture parameters on different alterations in the architecture of the fine trabecular network and inherent imaging factors such as spatial resolution or image noise has to be understood in detail to ensure an accurate and reliable determination of the current bone state...
2014: Journal of Medical Engineering
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