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Mental Illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748060/a-case-of-attempted-bilateral-self-enucleation-in-a-patient-with-bipolar-disorder
#1
Hannah Muniz Castro, John Alvarez, Robert G Bota, Marc Yonkers, Jeremiah Tao
Attempted and completed self-enucleation, or removal of one's own eyes, is a rare but devastating form of self-mutilation behavior. It is often associated with psychiatric disorders, particularly schizophrenia, substance induced psychosis, and bipolar disorder. We report a case of a patient with a history of bipolar disorder who gouged his eyes bilaterally as an attempt to self-enucleate himself. On presentation, the patient was manic with both psychotic features of hyperreligous delusions and command auditory hallucinations of God telling him to take his eyes out...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748059/realizing-the-promises-of-telepsychiatry-in-special-populations
#2
EDITORIAL
Candace B Borders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748058/electroconvulsive-therapy-hasn-t-negative-effects-on-short-term-memory-function-as-assessed-using-a-bedside-hand-held-device
#3
Helge H O Müller, Mareen Reike, Simon Grosse-Holz, Mareike Röther, Caroline Lücke, Alexandra Philipsen, Johannes Kornhuber, Teja W Grömer
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective in the treatment of treatment-resistant major depression. The fear of cognitive impairment after ECT often deters patients from choosing this treatment option. There is little reliable information regarding the effects of ECT on overall cognitive performance, while short-term memory deficits are well known but not easy to measure within clinical routines. In this pilot study, we examined ECT recipients' pre- and post-treatment performances on a digital ascending number tapping test...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748057/beliefs-about-the-cause-of-schizophrenia-among-caregivers-in-midwestern-nigeria
#4
Osayi Igberase, Esther Okogbenin
Schizophrenia is a devastating illness with a chronic and relapsing course. While Western countries may endorse, biological and psychosocial causes more commonly than supernatural causes, non-western cultures like Nigeria in contrast, tend to endorse supernatural causes. Belief in supernatural causes has been reported to have consequences for treatment seeking behavior. This study aimed to examine the causes of schizophrenia reported by family members of outpatients with schizophrenia in a neuropsychiatric hospital in Midwestern Nigeria...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479973/social-cognition-in-schizophrenia
#5
Thammanard Charernboon, Jayanton Patumanond
Impairments in social cognitions in schizophrenia are increasingly reported in the last decade but only a few studies have come from Asia. The objective of the study was to evaluated emotion perception, theory of mind and social knowledge in people with schizophrenia compared to healthy controls. Participants were 36 clinically stable outpatients with schizophrenia and 36 normal controls with comparable age and level of education. We administered general neurocognition test (the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination), emotion perception (the Faces Test), theory of mind (the Eyes Test) and social knowledge (the Situational Features Recognition Test; SFRT)...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479972/medication-adherence-among-nigerians-with-schizophrenia-correlation-between-clinico-demographic-factors-and-quality-of-life
#6
Oluseun P Ogunnubi, Andrew T Olagunju, Olatunji F Aina, Njideka U Okubadejo
Medication adherence contributes significantly to symptom remission, recovery and wellbeing in mental illnesses. We evaluated how medication adherence correlates with clinico-demographic factors and quality of life (QoL) in a sample of Nigerians with schizophrenia. This descriptive cross-sectional study involved 160 randomly selected participants with confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia based on MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Data on socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of participants were collected with a questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479971/reliability-validity-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-greek-translation-of-the-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-scale
#7
Konstantinos Kontoangelos, Sofia Tsiori, Garyfalia Poulakou, Konstantinos Protopapas, Ioannis Katsarolis, Vissaria Sakka, Dimitra Kavatha, Antonios Papadopoulos, Anastasia Antoniadou, Charalambos C Papageorgiou
The Greek version of the Davidson Trauma Scale (DTS) was developed to respond to the need of Greek-speaking individuals. The translated questionnaire was administered to 128 HIV outpatients (aged 37.1±9.1) and 166 control patients (aged 32.4±13.4). In addition to the DTS Greek scale, subjects were assessed with two other scales useful for assessing validity. For each factor analyses two components were extracted, based on Cattell's scree test. The two components solution accounted for 55.34% of the total variation in case of frequency variables and 61...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435648/quality-of-life-in-persons-with-schizophrenia
#8
EDITORIAL
Zack Cernovsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217274/what-influences-treatment-satisfaction-in-patients-with-personality-disorders-a-naturalistic-investigation-in-a-hospitalization-setting
#9
Stefan Gebhardt, Martin Tobias Huber
Treatment satisfaction of different mental disorders is still poorly understood, but of high clinical interest. Inpatients of a general psychiatric care hospital were asked to fill out questionnaires on satisfaction and clinical variables at admission and discharge. On the basis of an exploratory approach, differences in treatment satisfaction among diagnostic groups were examined by means of one-way analysis of variance. Potential associated clinical and socio-demographic variables were studied using multi/univariate tests...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217273/mental-health-literacy-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-saudi-tertiary-institution-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Mohamed S Mahfouz, Abdulwahab Aqeeli, Anwar M Makeen, Ramzi M Hakami, Hatim H Najmi, Abdullkarim T Mobarki, Mohammad H Haroobi, Saeed M Almalki, Mohammad A Mahnashi, Osayd A Ageel
The issue of mental health literacy has been widely studied in developed countries, with few studies conducted in Arab countries. In this study we aimed to investigate mental health literacy and attitudes towards psychiatric patients among students of Jazan University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A crosssectional study was conducted among undergraduate students using a validated Arabicversion questionnaire. A total of 557 students were recruited from different Jazan university colleges. The majority of students (90...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217272/disability-among-attendees-with-schizophrenia-in-a-nigerian-hospital-further-evidence-for-integrated-rehabilitative-treatment-designs
#11
Andrew Toyin Olagunju, Dapo Adebowale Adegbaju, Richard Uwakwe
Evidence-based rehabilitative treatment is constrained due to limited knowledge about disability and its related factors among individuals with schizophrenia across West Africa. This study aims to investigate the pattern of disability, and the associated factors among individuals with schizophrenia. One hundred consecutively recruited consenting participants were subjected to designed questionnaire to inquire about their demographic and illness-related variables. This was followed by the administration of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale to confirm the diagnosis of schizophrenia and rate severity of symptoms respectively in them...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217271/no-health-without-mental-health
#12
EDITORIAL
Cristina Vladu, Andrei Novac, Adrian Preda, Robert G Bota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994835/delirium-caused-by-suspending-treatment-of-hypothyroidism
#13
Alejandro Hernández-Sandí, David Quirós-Baltodano, Michelle Oconitrillo-Chaves
Delirium, or acute confusional syndrome, is a set of symptoms whose care involves not only psychiatry, but also many other medical specialties. Being as how the syndrome is caused by multiple factors, it is important to recognize each risk factor affecting the patient in order to anticipate and prevent it. In case of diagnosis, identifying and treating the root cause that triggered is important, given that it has a high rate of comorbidity and an elevated cost of medical care. We describe a case where a patient with hypothyroidism began suffering from delirium due to an abrupt discontinuation of levothyroxine treatment...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994834/lady-with-erotic-preference-for-diapers
#14
Zack Cernovsky, Yves Bureau
A patient in her 20s was referred to us for psychological assessment due to her depression and suicide attempts. She mentioned being anorgasmic except when diapered and emphasized her erotic preference for diapers. Her childhood included maternal deprivation in an impecunious family headed by an irritable physically disabled father on social assistance. Given the maternal deprivation in childhood, her erotic fixation on diapers parallels the emotional attachment to diapers observed by Harlow in mother deprived infant monkeys...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994833/a-case-of-mania-presenting-with-hypersexual-behavior-and-gender-dysphoria-that-resolved-with-valproic-acid
#15
Michelle R Heare, Maria Barsky, Lawrence R Faziola
Hypersexuality and gender dysphoria have both been described in the literature as symptoms of mania. Hypersexuality is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 as part of the diagnostic criteria for bipolar disorder. Gender dysphoria is less often described and its relation to mania remains unclear. This case report describes a young homosexual man presenting in a manic episode with co-morbid amphetamine abuse whose mania was marked by hypersexuality and the new onset desire to be a woman...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403279/a-link-between-maternal-thyroid-hormone-and-sexual-orientation
#16
Jeffrey Mullen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403278/psychiatric-disorders-associated-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#17
Orsola Gambini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403277/tennis-enhances-well-being-in-university-students
#18
Ahmet Bulent Yazici, Mine Gul, Esra Yazici, Gazanfer Kemal Gul
Sports and physical activity are widely recommended, both as guidelines and in clinical practice, because of their broad range of positive effects on health, depression, anxiety, and psychological well-being. While several studies have examined the anti-depressive and anxiolytic effects of physical activity in clinical populations, and fewer studies have focused on the nonclinical populations, the relationship between tennis and well-being has not been clearly investigated. This study was carried out with 76 student volunteers from Kocaeli University (Turkey) who had chosen tennis lessons as their University...
May 18, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403276/risks-and-benefits-of-rapid-clozapine-titration
#19
Jeannie D Lochhead, Michele A Nelson, Alan L Schneider
Clozapine is often considered the gold standard for the treatment of schizophrenia. Clinical guidelines suggest a gradual titration over 2 weeks to reduce the risks of adverse events such as seizures, hypotension, agranulocytosis, and myocarditis. The slow titration often delays time to therapeutic response. This raises the question of whether, in some patients, it may be safe to use a more rapid clozapine titration. The following case illustrates the potential risks associated with the use of multiple antipsychotics and rapid clozapine titration...
May 18, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403275/the-effects-of-symptoms-diagnostic-labels-and-education-in-psychiatry-on-the-stigmatization-towards-schizophrenia-a-questionnaire-survey-among-a-lay-population-in-japan
#20
Asami Matsunaga, Toshinori Kitamura
This questionnaire survey was conducted to study the determinants of stigmatization toward schizophrenia in Japan. A total of 1003 persons living in Kumamoto Prefecture (mean age 25.5; SD=14.1) participated in this study through convenience sampling. They read one of four case vignettes about a person with mental illness and answered questions about their attitudes toward the case. Vignettes varied in terms of descriptions of symptoms (schizophrenia vs. depression) and presentation of the diagnostic label of schizophrenia (yes or no)...
May 18, 2016: Mental Illness
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