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Health Psychology Research

Abdul-Rahman Hassan, Michael Huen Sum Lam, Susanna Ku, William Ho Cheung Li, Ka Yiu Lee, Eva Ho, Stuart W Flint, Anthony Siu Wo Wong
Dropout of sport is an issue in sport and public health domains. The aim of this study was to identify the potential dropout reasons of school athletes and to examine if their perception of dropout was affected by the previous dropout experience. There were 50 subjects who were divided into two groups based on their previous dropout experience (Dropout Group=22, No Dropout Group=28). They filled a questionnaire about potential dropout reasons of the current sport. Coach and teammates were two predominated reasons of dropout; Influence of parent and training seemed to affect the termination of the sport to a lesser extent...
May 16, 2017: Health Psychology Research
Victoria Alikari, Vasiliki Matziou, Maria Tsironi, Natasa Kollia, Paraskevi Theofilou, Adamantia Aroni, Evangelos Fradelos, Sofia Zyga
Non-adherence to the therapeutic regimen is an increasingly growing problem especially among patients undergoing hemodialysis. The aim of this study was to modify the Greek version of Simplified Medication Adherence Questionnaire (GR-SMAQ) for patients undergoing hemodialysis (GR-SMAQ-HD) and explore its validity and reliability. Between June 2016 and November 2016 a group of patients undergoing hemodialysis (N=107) completed the Greek version of SMAQ. The study was carried out in three Dialysis Units of Hospitals of Athens and Peloponnese region, Greece...
May 16, 2017: Health Psychology Research
Louise M Hanssen, Nicola S Schutte, John M Malouff, Elissa S Epel
This meta-analysis examined the association between the level of childhood psychosocial stressors and telomere length, an important health biomarker. The meta-analysis, including 27 samples and 16,238 participants, found a significant association of -0.08 between a higher level of childhood stressors and shorter telomere length at a mean age of 42 across studies. Moderator analyses showed a trend in the direction of effect sizes being significantly larger with shorter times between the stressors and telomere measurement...
May 16, 2017: Health Psychology Research
Kathryn Bould, Blanaid Daly, Stephen Dunne, Suzanne Scott, Koula Asimakopoulou
People might be more likely to attend for health screening if they are told their individual risk of an illness. The way this risk of ill-health is communicated might have an effect on screening uptake or its psychological proxies. It is possible that the format, presentation, and details of the information as well as the complexity of an intervention and use of psychological theory to inform the intervention may impact the effectiveness of individual risk communication. This systematic review collates, analyses and synthesizes the evidence for effectiveness of these aspects of individual risk communication...
December 9, 2016: Health Psychology Research
Jessica E Cornick, Cambridge Teter, Andrew K Thaw
Over the past 40 years, obesity rates in the United States have grown significantly; these rates have not grown uniformly across the United States (18 of the 20 counties with the highest obesity rates are located in the South). Obesity increases cardiovascular disease risk factors and new research has highlighted the negative psychological effects of obesity, known as weight stigma, including decreased selfcontrol resources, over eating, and exercise avoidance. The primary objective of this study was to determine if weight stigma concerns varied regionally and if social behaviors influenced this variation...
December 9, 2016: Health Psychology Research
Michael Huen Sum Lam, Angela Yee-Man Leung
Health literacy is the first step to self-management of type II diabetes mellitus, of which physical activity is the least compliant behavior. However, no reviews have summarized the effect and the process of interventions of health literacy oriented programs on physical activity behavior among middle aged and older adults with type II diabetes mellitus. This article is the first to examine the effectiveness of health literacy oriented programs on physical activity behavior among middle aged and older adults with type II diabetes mellitus...
June 23, 2016: Health Psychology Research
Helene Berglund, Henna Hasson, Katarina Wilhelmson, Anna Dunér, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
It has been shown that frailty is associated with low levels of well-being and life satisfaction. Further exploration is needed, however, to better understand which components constitute life satisfaction for frail older people and how satisfaction is related to other life circumstances. The aim of this study was to examine relationships between frail older people's life satisfaction and their socioeconomic conditions, social networks, and health-related conditions. A cross-sectional study was conducted (n=179)...
June 23, 2016: Health Psychology Research
Carolyn Heckman, Susan Darlow, Jessye Cohen-Filipic, Jacqueline Kloss
Indoor tanning (IT) has been linked with psychiatric and addictive symptoms, and frequent tanning may indicate tanning dependence (addiction). The current study evaluated the effects of an IT episode on mood states and the association of these effects with psychiatric and addictive symptoms among young adult female indoor tanners. One-hundred thirty-nine female university students aged 18-25 years who had indoor tanned completed an online survey including the Positive and Negative Affects Scales and a standardized psychiatric interview (the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview) via telephone...
June 23, 2016: Health Psychology Research
Vitor Silva Mendonça, Eda Marconi Custódio
Medical error stems from inadequate professional conduct that is capable of producing harm to life or exacerbating the health of another, whether through act or omission. This situation has become increasingly common in Brazil and worldwide. In this study, the aim was to understand what being the victim of medical error is like and to investigate the circumstances imposed on this condition of victims in Brazil. A semi-structured interview was conducted with twelve people who had gone through situations of medical error in their lives, creating a space for narratives of their experiences and deep reflection on the phenomenon...
June 23, 2016: Health Psychology Research
Angelos P Kassianos, Monique M Raats, Heather Gage
The aim of this study is to explore the information needs of men with prostate cancer and their partners retrospectively at various points in the treatment process. An online questionnaire was used to collect information from men with prostate cancer and their partners about information needs, and when these developed. Readers of a Prostate Care Cookbook and members of a Prostate Cancer Charity were invited to participate: 73 men with prostate cancer and 25 partners completed the questionnaire. Responses showed that participants develop their information needs close to diagnosis...
June 23, 2016: Health Psychology Research
Zoe Morou, Georgios N Lyrakos, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos, Nikolaos Douladiris, Athina Tatsioni, Ioannis D K Dimoliatis
The aim of the study is to determine the reliability and validity of the Greek version of the Food Allergy Quality of life Questionnaire-Child Form (FAQLQ-CF). After linguistic validation, the Greek FAQLQ-CF, Food Allergy Independent Measure (FAIM) and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™) were used by a physician to interview children diagnosed with food allergy and aged 8-12 via telephone. Cronbach's alpha was used to evaluate reliability, and factor analysis to assess construct validity. The correlation between FAQLQ-CF and FAIM was moderate (rho=0...
June 23, 2016: Health Psychology Research
Eran Ben-Arye, Yotam Ben-Arye, Yael Barak
Music therapy is a significant modality in the treatment of patients with cancer, who suffer emotional and spiritual distress as well as chemotherapy side effects that impair their quality of life. In this article, we present a case study of a patient challenged with recurrent ovarian cancer who received, concomitant with chemotherapy, a special form of music therapy based on anthroposophic medicine (AM) aimed at alleviating anxiety and improving her general well-being. AM-centered music therapy goals are discussed in regard to two modes of treatment: receptive listening and clinical composition...
November 30, 2015: Health Psychology Research
P Vas József
The author suggests that the origin of musicality is implied in an implicit musical language every human being possesses in uterus due to a resonance and attunement with prenatal environment, mainly the mother. It is emphasized that ego-development and evolving implicit musical language can be regarded as parallel processes. To support this idea a lot of examples of musical representations are demonstrated by the author. Music is viewed as a tone of ego-functioning involving the musical representations of bodily and visceral senses, cross-modal perception, unity of sense of self, individual fate of ego, and tripolar and bipolar musical coping codes...
November 30, 2015: Health Psychology Research
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Giorgio Ratto, Nicola Dalle Luche, Tiziana Canfori, Claudio Proietti, Giovanni Del Puente
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2015: Health Psychology Research
Efrosini Kalyva, Erika Melonashi
Epilepsy adversely affects the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children living with it. Even though almost 80% of children with epilepsy live in developing countries very little research has been conducted with the specific population. The present study took place in Albania and aimed to investigate parental perceptions of the HRQoL of their children with epilepsy. Considering the well-defined gender roles in the Albanian traditional family it was expected that mothers and fathers reports of their children's HRQoL would differ...
September 30, 2015: Health Psychology Research
Huiting Xie, Peng Yuan, Song Song Cui, Melissa Sng Siok Yen
This study will explore the relationships among strengths self-efficacy, resourcefulness, stigma experience and mental health recovery in community-dwelling adults with serious mental illnesses. Mental health practices have focued on psychopathphysiology. Stigma heavily plagued clients with mental illnesses and is one of the greatest barriers to mental health recovery. Personal strengths like strengths self-efficacy, people's confidence in using their personal strengths, and resourcefulness, the ability to carry out daily activities, have been linked to positive mental health...
September 30, 2015: Health Psychology Research
Maria Ypofanti, Vasiliki Zisi, Nikolaos Zourbanos, Barbara Mouchtouri, Pothiti Tzanne, Yannis Theodorakis, Georgios Lyrakos
Goldberg's International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) big-five personality factor markers currently lack validating evidence. The structure of the 50-item IPIP was examined in two different adult samples (total N=811), in each case justifying a 5-factor solution, with only minor discrepancies. Age differences were comparable to previous findings using other inventories. One sample (N=193) also completed additionally another personality measure (the TIPI Short Form). Conscientiousness, extraversion and emotional stability/neuroticism scales of the IPIP were highly correlated with those of the TIPI (r=0...
September 30, 2015: Health Psychology Research
Evangelia-Ioanna Gerontoukou, Sofia Michaelidoy, Maria Rekleiti, Maria Saridi, Kyriakos Souliotis
The health of an individual depends on both his/her physical and psychological condition. In recent years it has been observed that chronic patients have frequently an affected psycho-emotional state. The purpose of this study is to investigate anxiety and depression in patients with chronic diseases and the correlation of the results with daily physical activity levels and individual health levels, as well comorbidity. This study included patients with chronic diseases that were treated in a local general hospital or were visiting often outpatient clinics of the same hospital due to their condition...
September 30, 2015: Health Psychology Research
Ajay Singh, Chia Jung Yeh, Nidhi Verma, Ajay Kumar Das
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a complex disorder, which can be seen as a disorder of life time, developing in preschool years and manifesting symptoms (full and/or partial) throughout the adulthood; therefore, it is not surprising that there are no simple solutions. The aim of this paper is to provide a short and concise review which can be used to inform affected children and adults; family members of affected children and adults, and other medical, paramedical, non-medical, and educational professionals about the disorder...
September 30, 2015: Health Psychology Research
Barry J Gurland, William Page, Brent Small, John J McArdle, Brenda L Plassman
The aim of this study is to estimate heritability of incident limitations on personally desired activities within the eighth decade of life. We measured self-rated ability to perform ten personally desired activities in 1606 male veteran twin pairs at baseline and four years later. At follow-up, 33% of the cohort reported more limitations in desired activities. Among twins who completed both assessments, there were no statistically significant differences in incidence rates of limitations as a function of zygosity...
September 30, 2015: Health Psychology Research
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