journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Respirology Case Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321937/marijuana-bong-pseudomonas-lung-infection-a-detrimental-recreational-experience
#1
Agni Nhirmal Kumar, Chun Ian Soo, Boon Hau Ng, Tidi Hassan, Andrea Yu-Lin Ban, Roslina Abdul Manap
The use of Cannabis sativa, also known as marijuana, is believed to have dated back to thousands of years B.C. More than 200 decades later, it remains a popular recreational psychoactive substance that can be smoked through a water pipe. We report a case of marijuana smoking via a "bong" device, which has resulted in severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa necrotizing pneumonia treated with conservative medical therapy. This case highlights the importance of recognizing that life-threatening pneumonia can potentially be linked to marijuana and "bong" usage...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321936/low-voltage-electricity-induced-lung-injury
#2
Thai Truong, Thuong Vu Le, David L Smith, Stephen P Kantrow, Van Ngoc Tran
We report a case of bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and haemoptysis following low-voltage electricity exposure in an agricultural worker. A 58-year-old man standing in water reached for an electric watering machine and sustained an exposure to 220 V circuit for an uncertain duration. The electricity was turned off by another worker, and the patient was asymptomatic for the next 10 h until he developed haemoptysis. A chest radiograph demonstrated bilateral infiltrates, and chest computed tomography (CT) revealed ground-glass opacities with interstitial thickening...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321935/desquamative-interstitial-pneumonia-complicated-by-diffuse-alveolar-haemorrhage
#3
Ayako Matsuo, Nobuhiro Matsumoto, Akiko Kitamura, Hironobu Tsubouchi, Shigehisa Yanagi, Masamitsu Nakazato
We report a rare case of desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) with diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH). A 56-year-old man diagnosed with DIP by surgical lung biopsy 2 years ago was admitted to our hospital because of severe acute respiratory failure. The DIP had progressed despite smoking cessation. On admission, the patient appeared extremely ill, and physical examination revealed respiratory distress. The patient required mechanical ventilation. High-resolution computed tomography showed diffuse ground glass opacity in both lungs...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321934/an-elderly-woman-with-a-mediastinal-granulosa-cell-tumour-a-rare-presentation
#4
Garrett M Harp, Gregory N Matwiyoff, Steven J Escobar, Keith E Thompson, Addie Alkhas, Alfredo R Ramirez
Mediastinal lesions occur in a wide variety of clinical conditions. Metastatic granulosa cell tumour (GCT) in the mediastinum is a rare occurrence. We report a case of a woman who had a metastatic (GCT) in her mediastinum 40 years after treatment of the initial neoplasm. Surgical resection of the mediastinal mass revealed a low-grade epithelioid neoplasm with coffee bean-shaped nuclei and immunohistochemical stains that were consistent with metastatic GCT.
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321933/acute-progression-of-aspergillosis-in-a-patient-with-lung-cancer-receiving-nivolumab
#5
Naohiro Uchida, Kohei Fujita, Koichi Nakatani, Tadashi Mio
A 65-year-old man with chronic progressive pulmonary aspergillosis (CPPA) was admitted for the treatment of lung adenocarcinoma while receiving an immune checkpoint inhibitor, nivolumab. The tumour responded well to the therapy, but the cavity of CPPA became large in contrast to the tumour after 20 courses of therapy. He was diagnosed as having exacerbation of CPPA and successfully and concurrently treated with an antifungal agent and nivolumab. Since there was absence of obvious immunosuppression and the presence of a drastic effect on tumour remission during nivolumab therapy, this phenomenon suggested that the trigger of CPPA progression was dependent not on immunosuppression but on a hyperreaction to microorganisms, which was similar to the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome caused by nivolumab...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321932/acute-onset-of-ulcerative-colitis-during-chemoradiotherapy-for-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-positive-lung-adenocarcinoma
#6
Kohei Fujita, Yoshinori Mizumoto, Koki Moriyoshi, Norio Araki, Tadashi Mio
We report a case of acute onset of ulcerative colitis (UC) during chemoradiotherapy in a patient with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive lung adenocarcinoma. A 46-year-old male patient with an abnormal chest shadow was referred to our hospital. He was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma, clinical stage T1aN3M0 and stage IIIB. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy was selected for his initial therapy. After two cycles of cisplatin and vinorelbine administration, he experienced persistent diarrhoea and anorexia...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321931/novel-hybrid-cryo-radial-method-an-emerging-alternative-to-ct-guided-biopsy-in-suspected-lung-cancer-a-prospective-case-series-and-description-of-technique
#7
Samantha Herath, Elaine Yap
In diagnosing peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPL), radial endobronchial ultrasound (R-EBUS) is emerging as a safer method in comparison to CT-guided biopsy. Despite the better safety profile, the yield of R-EBUS remains lower (73%) than CT-guided biopsy (90%) due to the smaller size of samples. We adopted a hybrid method by adding cryobiopsy via the R-EBUS Guide Sheath (GS) to produce larger, non-crushed samples to improve diagnostic capability and enhance molecular testing. We report six prospective patients who underwent this procedure in our institution...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321930/a-case-of-pulmonary-cyst-and-pneumothorax-after-bronchial-thermoplasty
#8
Akifumi Funatsu, Konomi Kobayashi, Motoyasu Iikura, Satoru Ishii, Shinyu Izumi, Haruhito Sugiyama
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a bronchoscopic treatment for severe asthma using thermal energy to reduce smooth muscle in the bronchial wall. A 47-year-old man underwent BT for uncontrolled severe asthma despite maximal pharmacological treatment. After a third procedure, he experienced hypoxaemia because of complete bilateral upper lobe atelectasis. A pulmonary cyst suddenly emerged in to the right middle lobe, associated with the pneumothorax on postoperative day 6, and a chest drainage tube was inserted...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321929/pleuritis-associated-with-primary-sjogren-syndrome
#9
Chiaki Hosoda, Yusuke Hosaka, Kai Ryu, Akira Kinoshita, Keisuke Saito, Kazuyoshi Kuwano
We herein present a case of a 71-year-old woman with primary Sjogren's syndrome (SjS), who developed bilateral pleural effusion and ground glass opacity during treatment with low-dose prednisolone. The pleural effusion and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid revealed elevation of lymphocytes. Thoracoscopic pleural biopsy showed infiltration of lymphocytes with no evidence of other diseases, confirming SjS-related pleuritis. Therefore, we initiated 20 mg prednisolone and pleural effusion was rapidly resolved. Our results indicate that SjS can be rarely complicated with pleuritis...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321928/lung-cancer-development-in-the-patient-with-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-during-long-term-treatment-with-cyclophosphamide-first-documented-case
#10
Midori Toriyama, Etsuko Tagaya, Tomoko Yamamoto, Mitsuko Kondo, Yoji Nagashima, Jun Tamaoki
A 65-year-old man was diagnosed with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) at the age of 47, when cytoplasmic anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (C-ANCA) serology was positive, and he had multiple nodular shadows in both lungs. He had been treated with prednisolone, cyclophosphamide (CPA) and plasma exchange. At the age of 64, a nodular shadow was newly detected in the right lower lung field and serum tumour marker increased. Subsequent positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan demonstrated accumulations of fluorodexyglucose (FDG) in the same area, mediastinum lymph nodes, thoracic wall, right iliac bone, and right retroperitoneum...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321927/pulmonary-nocardiosis-in-a-patient-with-idiopathic-cd4-t-lymphocytopenia
#11
Vivek Jayaschandran, Sandra Gjorgova-Gjeorgjievski, Haamid Siddique
Idiopathic CD4 T-lymphocytopenia (ICL) is a rare immunodeficiency characterized by low CD4 T-lymphocyte count, which usually manifests with opportunistic infections. Nocardia as an opportunistic pathogen infecting patients with this condition has rarely been reported. Here, we describe the case of a 46-year-old male who presented with lung mass and respiratory and systemic symptoms and was eventually diagnosed with pulmonary nocardiosis. A workup for predisposing immunodeficiencies suggested a picture of ICL...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321926/lung-injury-associated-with-electronic-cigarettes-inhalation-diagnosed-by-transbronchial-lung-biopsy
#12
Masayuki Itoh, Kazutetsu Aoshiba, Yoriko Herai, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Tamiko Takemura
A 46-year-old healthy man developed respiratory distress, night sweats, fever, and weight loss after using electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) for approximately 1 month. He presented to the hospital when the symptoms worsened 2 months after onset. The findings of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid examination and the following transbronchial lung biopsy examination led to the diagnosis of acute alveolitis: intra-alveolar fibrosis accompanied with exudate containing abundant lipid-laden macrophages, eosinophils, and neutrophils...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321925/lupus-pneumonitis-presenting-with-high-titre-of-anti-ro-antibody
#13
Mei-Chuan Chen, Yueh-Lin Wu, Kai-Ling Lee, Kevin S Lai, Chi-Li Chung
Lupus pneumonitis carries high mortality and is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, it is difficult to diagnose and is often mistaken as pneumonia, alveolar haemorrhage, or organizing pneumonia. Previous studies demonstrated that serum anti-Ro antibodies are elevated more frequently in SLE patients with pneumonitis than in those without. We report a 21-year-old female who was newly diagnosed as having SLE with nephritis and who suddenly developed right lung opacity and rapidly progressed to severe hypoxaemia despite the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321924/lung-mycobacterium-avium-developed-after-removing-an-acupuncture-needle-from-the-lung
#14
Mikihito Saito, Hajime Kasai, Kengo Shimazu, Takashi Urushibara, Tomohiko Iida, Toshihide Shinozaki
Acupuncture needles can cause non-tuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM) infection on the skin, but there are no reports that acupuncture needles inserted into the lung have caused lung NTM infection. A 63-year-old woman, who underwent removal of a broken acupuncture needle inserted into the lung nine years ago, was admitted with nodules in the right lung. The shadow was positioned where the needle had existed. Partial lung resection of the right lower lobe was performed, and the resected area showed caseous necrosis histopathologically...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321923/idiopathic-pulmonary-vein-thrombosis
#15
Timothy J Barreiro, Venkateswara K Kollipara, David J Gemmel
Idiopathic pulmonary vein thrombosis (PVT) is a rare disease which is likely under-diagnosed because of nebulous presentations. Accurate diagnosis is essential to prevent complications.
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075498/a-saccular-superior-vena-cava-aneurysm-with-unique-diagnostic-computed-tomography-findings
#16
Tetsuya Yokoyama, Taro Setoguchi, Kazuo Sakamoto, Shun Mashimoto, Daisuke Eto, Hiroshi Wataya
A saccular superior vena cava aneurysm is a rare venous aneurysm that presents as mediastinal mass lesions. An evaluation using contrast-enhanced computed tomography is indispensable for the diagnosis.
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075497/traumatic-left-main-bronchial-rupture-delayed-but-successful-outcome-of-robotic-assisted-reconstruction
#17
Hu-Lin C Wang, Cheng-Hung How, Heng-Fu Lin, Jang-Ming Lee
Tracheobronchial injuries are rare but life-threatening conditions in patients with blunt thoracic trauma. The diagnosis and management of such injury may often be delayed due to other concomitant severe injuries. No reported case of a robotic-assisted bronchial reconstruction has ever been performed for a traumatic bronchial injury. A 23-year-old male suffered from traumatic left main bronchial (LMB) rupture with an initial presentation of pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum that eventually progressed to left main bronchus fibrosis and total obstruction, which led to left lung atelectasis and consolidation...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046807/pulmonary-schistosomiasis-mimicking-igg4-related-lung-disease
#18
Timothy Baird, Caroline L Cooper, Richard Wong, Naomi Runnegar, Gregory Keir
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic fibroinflammatory disease characterized by tumefactive lesions in various organ systems, including the lungs. Clinical and radiological manifestations of IgG4-RD are relatively non-specific, and we report a case highlighting the importance of histopathological confirmation in cases of suspected IgG4-related lung disease. A 44-year-old male with significantly elevated serum IgG4 levels, patchy consolidation on thoracic CT imaging, and cough was referred with suspected IgG4-related lung disease...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093818/the-novel-19g-endobronchial-uss-ebus-needle-samples-processed-as-tissue-core-biopsies-facilitate-pd-l1-and-other-biomarker-testing-in-lung-cancer-specimens-case-report-and-the-view-point-from-the-respiratory-physician-and-the-pathologist
#19
Samantha Herath, Wendy A Cooper
The immunohistochemical expression of Programmed Death Ligand (PD-L1) predicts responses to PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PD-L1 testing is currently only recommended on tissue specimens; however, in many patients, cytology samples are the only specimens available. The introduction of the novel 19G "core-biopsy" needle has revolutionized the utility of endobronchial USS-guided biopsy (EBUS) by providing solid tissue "microbiopsies" rather than traditional liquid cytology samples...
November 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026608/diffuse-idiopathic-pulmonary-neuroendocrine-cell-hyperplasia-diagnosed-by-tranbronchoscopic-cryoprobe-biopsy-technique
#20
Ravi Patel, Carolina Collazo-Gonzalez, Arthur Andrews, Jean Johnson, Mark Rumbak, Maxwell Smith
Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) remains a poorly understood clinical entity. It is currently classified as a premalignant condition by the World Health Organization (WHO). Symptoms are similar to those associated with obstructive lung disease, including breathlessness and cough. The presentation is often initially ascribed to other diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Here, we present what we believe is the first described case of DIPNECH diagnosed by transbronchoscopic cryoprobe biopsy...
November 2017: Respirology Case Reports
journal
journal
49315
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"