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Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217430/giant-left-atrial-myxoma-cause-for-position-dependent-nocturnal-dyspnea-and-cardiac-murmur
#1
Julia Hillebrand, Sven Martens, Andreas Hoffmeier
Primary tumors of the heart are rare. The majority of them are benign, the left atrial myxoma being the most frequent one. Clinical appearance varies from unapparent to life-threatening complications such as stroke, acute heart failure, or even sudden death. Diagnosis and consecutive surgical treatment strongly depend on the clinical symptoms, but their extent does not correlate with the risk for serious complications. Therefore, patients with variable clinical presentation can be especially endangered. Consequent diagnostic and immediate operative therapy is essential...
January 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018835/open-access-publishing-a-remark-on-quality-control
#2
EDITORIAL
Andreas Böning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018834/detailed-measurement-of-wall-strain-with-3d-speckle-tracking-in-the-aortic-root-a-case-of-bionic-support-for-clinical-decision-making
#3
Sebastian Vogt, Konstantinos Karatolios, Andreas Wittek, Christopher Blasé, Anette Ramaswamy, Nikolas Mirow, Rainer Moosdorf
Three-dimensional (3D) wall motion tracking (WMT) based on ultrasound imaging enables estimation of aortic wall motion and deformation. It provides insights into changes in vascular compliance and vessel wall properties essential for understanding the pathogenesis and progression of aortic diseases. In this report, we employed the novel 3D WMT analysis on the ascending aorta aneurysm (AA) to estimate local aortic wall motion and strain in case of a patient scheduled for replacement of the aortic root. Although progression of the diameter indicates surgical therapy, at present we addressed the question for optimal surgical time point...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018833/aneurysmal-bone-cyst-arising-from-the-first-rib-a-rare-cause-of-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#4
Manuel Medina, Subroto Paul
Aneurysmal bone cyst is a rare benign cystic bone lesion with an incidence of only 0.14 per 100,000 individuals and most commonly affects the metaphyses of long bones, spine, and pelvis. We present a very rare case of a 17-year-old boy with a rapidly expanding aneurysmal bone cyst arising from the first rib, resulting in neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome secondary to its compression of the brachial plexus. The patient's symptoms resolved after en bloc resection. To our knowledge there have been no other reports in the literature of thoracic outlet syndrome due to aneurysmal bone cyst arising from the first rib...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018832/limited-distal-arch-open-stenting-for-type-b-aortic-dissection-with-an-enlarged-ulcer-like-projection-complicated-by-abdominal-aortic-occlusion
#5
Mitsumasa Hata, Kenji Akiyama, Yukihiko Orime
A 79-year-old man underwent bifurcated graft replacement for abdominal aortic aneurysm, but the graft was totally occluded owing to an acute type B aortic dissection. We could not have access to the root for performing endovascular stenting for dissecting aneurysm. Furthermore, it was difficult to remove the aneurysm via a left thoracotomy because it was impossible to perfuse the lower body with blood from the femoral artery and also a left axillary arterial cannulation was unusable. Herein, we report a patient who was successfully treated with open surgical aortic stenting for an enlarged ulcer-like projection complicated by a type B aortic dissection...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018831/endovascular-and-operative-treatment-of-the-aortic-arch-in-a-high-risk-marfan-patient
#6
Marwan Hamiko, Matthias Endlich, Wolfgang Schiller, Armin Welz, Georg Nickenig, Chris Probst
In this case, we describe a combined endovascular and operative management for aortic arch repair in a 57-year-old Marfan patient with complex aortic arch geometry previously treated with several open surgeries for acute type A dissection. The patient, who was presented to our department with dorsal pain, deemed to be at high operative risk for another open aortic surgery due to massive aortic calcification. It is an unusual method of placing a custom-made stent-graft system in the false aortic lumen with operative and endovascular treatment of the supra-aortic vessels...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018830/chronic-perforation-of-the-aortic-arch-by-kirschner-wires
#7
T Dung Nguyen, Tim Sandhaus, Torsten Doenst
Perforation of the heart or great vessels by orthopedic wires is a rare complication that mostly results in severe or even lethal organ injury. Therefore, such conditions mostly require immediate surgical removal of the wires. However, in some individual cases, a conservative approach may be preferable. We describe a case of a 70-year-old woman whose aortic arch has been penetrated by two Kirschner wires used for fixation of a right clavicle fracture 13 years ago. Notably, the complication was an incidental finding during computed tomography angiography for clarification of transient nonspecific neurological symptoms...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018829/long-range-real-migration-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-lead
#8
Andreas Keyser, Harald Brodoefel, Christof Schmid
The need for pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) lead revisions and extractions is steadily increasing. Despite the lack of representative studies, the risk of lead extraction is frequently considered to be lower than leaving nonfunctional leads in situ. We report the case of a patient who was referred to our institution for exchange of a malfunctioning ICD lead. The diagnostic work-up revealed a long-segment transmural migration of the ICD lead at the site of the subclavian and innominate vein...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018828/paradoxical-embolus-stuck-in-a-patent-foramen-ovale
#9
Zaki Kohistani, Chris Probst
In-hospital mortality rate of an embolus in transit is as high as 44.7%. In some cases, a paradoxical embolus can get stuck in a patent foramen ovale. Because of the high mortality rate, this condition should be considered as an emergency case. Echocardiography has been established as the gold standard method for the diagnosis. A negative echocardiography, however, does not rule out an embolus in transit. To rule out pulmonary embolisms, a computed tomography scan of the chest should also be performed. A cardiothoracic surgeon should be consulted immediately upon diagnosis of an embolus in transit...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018827/redo-operation-of-recurrent-giant-coronary-artery-aneurysm-optimizing-surgical-strategy
#10
Julia Hillebrand, Andreas Rukosujew, Sven Martens, Dirk Boese
Background Giant coronary artery aneurysms (GCAA) are extremely rare, but they can cause life-threatening complications. Indications for surgical intervention are the occurrence of complications such as fistulas, compression, embolization, or rapid enlargement. The optimal therapeutic approach is still under debate. Until now, there are no publications dealing with the follow-up after surgical treatment. Moreover, the surgical strategy in redo operations has not been described yet. Case Description We report on surgery in a 50-year-old man with a recurrent GCAA after previous dissection and reduction...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018826/hemopericardium-due-to-idiopathic-coronary-artery-rupture-treated-with-saphenous-vein-patch-plasty
#11
Benedikt Mayr, Stefan Buchholz, Christian Hagl, Maximilian Pichlmaier
We report a case of an idiopathic coronary artery rupture in a 41-year-old male patient who was admitted to the hospital with cardiac tamponade. On opening the chest via a median sternotomy and establishing cardiopulmonary bypass the hemopericardium's cause could be identified as a perforation of the right posterior descending coronary artery which was treated with a saphenous vein patch plasty. With idiopathic coronary artery rupture being a rare diagnosis, one should always consider it in a young patient presenting with cardiac tamponade...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018825/late-clinical-presentation-of-inferior-vena-cava-deviation-into-the-left-atrium-following-atrial-septal-defect-repair-in-the-childhood
#12
Ali El-Sayed Ahmad, Peter Kleine, Thomas Lehnert, Anton Moritz
A 19-year-old woman underwent ASD closure with patch in the childhood. Fifteen years later, she presented with severe cyanosis and dyspnea on exertion. Clinical diagnostics revealed a dislocation of the patch resulting in a right-to-left shunt (RLS) that was compensated in the past years by a recurrent ASD allowing a left-to-right shunt (LRS). The existing balance between interatrial shunts vanished by the growth of the patient leading to the clinical deterioration. After successful redo surgery, the patient was discharged home 8 days postoperatively...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018824/pericarditis-in-a-child-with-an-intrapericardial-bronchogenic-cyst
#13
Tim Attmann, Christina Grothusen, Carsten Rickers, Peter Dütschke, Hans-Heiner Kramer, Jens Scheewe
Background An intrapericardial bronchogenic cyst (IBC) is a rare congenital malformation seemingly asymptomatic in most subjects. Case Description A 9-year-old boy presented with persistent chest pain and fever. Imaging revealed a large pericardial effusion with a tumor located at the left atrial appendage extending behind the great vessels. Mass rupture with scattered mucoid debris was found intra-operatively. The tumor was excised and the IBC was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. A postcardiotomy syndrome occurred four weeks post-operative...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018823/3d-heart-model-and-4d-flow-mri-20-years-after-spiral-arterial-switch-operation
#14
Hans-Hinrich Sievers, Arash Kheradvar, Hans-Heiner Kramer, Carsten Rickers
Case of a patient is presented here 20 years after spiral direct anastomosis of the great arteries in an arterial switch operation. Three-dimensional model of the heart combined with four-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging presents a novel comprehensive way to assess surgical results.
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018822/catheter-insertion-via-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-cannula-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#15
Elmar W Kuhn, Navid Madershahian, Tanja K Rudolph, Maximilian Scherner, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Thorsten Wahlers
Background Patients referred to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) present with multiple risk factors for intraprocedural complications. Case Description We describe a TAVI procedure with sudden hemodynamic collapse and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Therefore, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulas were immediately implanted via vessels of the groin. A Y-connector was inserted into the arterial line of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenator using an additional sheath facilitating to insert a pigtail catheter to guide the further valve implantation...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018821/pimobendan-in-chronic-right-heart-failure-in-a-left-ventricular-assist-device-patient
#16
Maximilian Kreibich, Michael Berchtold-Herz, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Georg Trummer
We report the case of a 76-year-old patient who developed chronic right heart failure 1 year after left ventricular assist device implantation due to ischemic cardiomyopathy. Initial recompensation was achieved through dobutamin, sildenafil, and levosimendan treatment. Yet, discharge was successful only after the off-label use of the oral calcium sensitizer pimobendan. Ten months after discharge, the patient presents with no clinical signs of right heart failure and significantly improved right heart function without any impairment in quality of life...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018820/acute-pulmonary-artery-obstruction-as-the-primary-manifestation-of-a-rapidly-growing-intimal-sarcoma-in-a-54-year-old-patient
#17
Sumi Westhofen, Christian Kugler, Hermann Reichenspurner, Tobias Deuse
Pulmonary artery sarcoma is a rare malignant neoplasm that is often misdiagnosed and most often only recognized postmortem during the autopsy. We present the case of a male patient with a rapidly progressive pulmonary tumor who underwent urgent pneumonectomy for increasing symptoms of chest pain and septic clinical picture. Histological analysis revealed the diagnosis of a pulmonary artery sarcoma. Despite an R1-resection and adjuvant chemotherapy, the patient is in good clinical health and free of tumor relapse 1 year after the surgery...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018819/a-technical-modification-for-establishing-selective-antegrade-cerebral-perfusion-during-pulmonary-endarterectomy
#18
Martin Czerny, Patrick von Samson, Bernward Passlick, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Johannes Kroll
Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) due to chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is mainly performed in deep hypothermic circulatory arrest without additional cerebroprotective means. A 49-year-old man was treated by PEA for CTEPH by using selective antegrade cerebral perfusion by advancing the tip of the systemic perfusion cannula into the brachiocephalic trunk. The postoperative course was uneventful.
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018818/surgical-myectomy-after-failed-ablation-for-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy
#19
Ioannis Bougioukas, Uta Hoppe, Bernhard Danner, Friedrich A Schoendube
Background Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disease of the myocardial sarcolemma characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy. When obstruction to the left ventricular outflow tract is present and symptoms are refractory to medication, surgical myectomy or alcohol septal ablation is indicated. Case Description We report a case of a patient presented for myectomy due to recurrence only 1 year after alcohol ablation. Interesting findings were a firm subaortic membrane and a direct insertion of the papillary muscle into the mitral valve...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018817/transcatheter-valve-unable-to-cure-patient-prosthesis-mismatch-of-mosaic-bioprosthesis
#20
Daniela Serio, Andreas Zierer, Mirko Doss, Anton Moritz
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been recently established as a less invasive alternative to conventional aortic valve replacement (CAVR) in patients presenting with expected high procedural risk. The rapid technologic advances and the recent improvement of clinical outcomes with TAVI have made it possible to treat degenerated bioprosthesis using the valve-in-valve implantation concept (Walther T, Simon P, Dewey T, et al. Transapical minimally invasive aortic valve implantation: multicenter experience...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
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