Read by QxMD icon Read

Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports

Andreas Kirschbaum, Timm Greulich, Nikolas Mirow, Detlef K Bartsch
In a 28-year-old female, seven recurrent pneumothoraces occurred during a period of 2 years despite multiple thoracic interventions, all on the left thoracic side. Despite profound differential diagnostic analysis, the underlying cause remains unclear. An accumulation of conditions in this patient affecting only the left half of the body is remarkable: sinistral glaucoma as an infant, a sinistral pigmentation disorder, and a sinistral Bochdalek hernia.
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Andreas Boening, Heiko Burger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Bernd Panholzer, Katharina Huenges, Jochen Cremer, Assad Haneya
The persistent global shortage of organ donors is still a major limitation for transplantation. Experiences of heart transplantation from donors with extracorporeal support are rare. Here, we report from two cases of donors who were supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation due to acute circulatory failure. In both cases, the direct postoperative course was uneventful and free from major complications. The patients were discharged to a rehabilitation clinic. Our experience suggests that the use of heart organ from carefully selected donors with extracorporeal support is possible and may lead to an excellent outcome...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Felix Fleißner, Jan D Schmitto, Christian Napp, Issam Ismail
Background  A rupture of the free wall of the left ventricle is a rarely seen complication of myocardial infarction and represents an absolute cardiac emergency. Case Description  We hereby present a case of a 64-year-old patient with a rupture of the free left ventricular wall. The patient was treated in an emergent operation with a novel reconstruction method of the left ventricular wall and was discharged 30 days after the initial operation. Conclusion  Left ventricular free wall rupture is rarely described in the literature, which might be because of high mortality in underdiagnosed cases...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Joel L Ramirez, Anatoly Urisman, Jasleen Kukreja, Johannes R Kratz
Background  Pulmonary mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection that carries a high mortality. Given the rarity of this disease, its management has not been well established. Case Description  We report a 36-year-old female presenting with right middle and lower lobe pulmonary mucormycosis during the third trimester of pregnancy. Diagnosis was established using chest computed tomography followed by bronchoalveolar lavage and lung biopsy. Prompt initiation of amphotericin B and right middle and lower lobe lobectomy resulted in maternal survival and fetal viability...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Magdalena L Laux, Michael Erb, Frank Hoelschermann, Johannes M Albes
Background  Acute endovascular aneurysm repair with stent grafts (thoracic endovascular aortic repair [TEVAR]) is safe and feasible. Case Description  A 64-year-old female presented with a perforated aortic aneurysm of the thoracic descending aorta. Primary TEVAR resulted in good management of the perforation but a type Ib endoleakage remained postoperatively. To place another stent, abdominal debranching with saphenous vein bypass to the celiac trunk was required. In the same session, another endograft was inserted successfully...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Felix Fleißner, Ulrich Molitoris, Wiebke Rösler, Christian Kühn
Background  Pacemaker infections rates are high compared with the incidence of primary malignant cardiac tumors. However, they can look alike in diagnostics and patient presentation. Case Description  We hereby report a rare case of a suspected pacemaker endocarditis which in fact turned out to be a primary cardiac B cell lymphoma. The lymphoma was removed surgically. Conclusion  Sometimes we encounter the unexpected. Suboptimal preoperative diagnostics certainly lead to the faulty conclusion of an endocarditis...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Rosa G M Lammerts, Marc J van Det, Rob H Geelkerken, Ewout A Kouwenhoven
Anastomotic leakage of the gastric conduit following surgical treatment of esophageal cancer is a life-threatening complication. An important risk factor associated with anastomotic leakage is calcification of the supplying arteries of the gastric conduit. The patency of calcified splanchnic arteries cannot be assessed on routine computed tomography (CT) scans for esophageal cancer and, as such, in selected patients with known or assumed mesenteric artery disease, additional CT angiography of the abdominal arteries with 1 mm slices is strongly encouraged...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Ahmed F Elmahrouk, Tamer Hamouda, Mohamed F Ismail, Ahmed Jamjoom
Background  The coronary artery anatomy in patients with transposition of the great artery (TGA) is a contributing factor for outcome in arterial switch procedure. Case Presentation  A full-term, 7-day-old baby boy diagnosed as dextro-TGA (dTGA) with intact ventricular septum. Intraoperatively, the left coronary sinus had a blind indentation from which a firm cord-like left main coronary artery originates. Procedure completed as usual for a routine arterial switch operation. Conclusion  About 5% of patients with D-TGA have a single coronary artery...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Ahmed F Elmahrouk, Mohamed F Ismail, Abdulbadee Bugis, Nashwa Badawy, Hesham Mohamed Aboelghar, Tamer Hamouda, Ahmed Jamjoom
Background  Factor X deficiency (also known as Stuart-Prower factor deficiency) is an autosomal recessive extremely rare hereditary hematologic disorder, affecting around 1:1,000,000 of the general population. Case Presentation  This case report describes a patient with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and severe factor X deficiency, who underwent staged surgical palliation. From stage 1 Norwood palliation, through superior cavopulmonary anastomosis and ending with total cavopulmonary connection with satisfactory hemostasis and no significant perioperative bleeding complication...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Nawras Diab, Clarence Pingpoh, Matthias Siepe, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Ahmed Kharabish, Martin Czerny
A 63-year-old female with a history of kidney transplantation was admitted for emergency repair of a perforated mycotic aneurysm of the right subclavian artery (RSA) in combination with a paravertebral and posterior mediastinal abscess. After resection of the aneurysm and after radical local debridement, orthotopic repair was performed with a self-made pericardial tube graft from the brachiocephalic bifurcation to the thoracic outlet. The paravertebral and posterior mediastinal abscess was drained. The postoperative course was uneventful...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Torulv Holst, Thorsten Großwendt, Majd Makarious Laham, Mehdy Roosta-Azad, Afsaneh Zandi, Markus Kamler
Endovascular stent placement for chronic postthrombotic iliofemoral venous obstructive lesions is an effective therapeutic option and might be complicated by stent migration. We report a case of a venous stent that was lost from the iliac vein into the right ventricle rescued by emergent open-heart surgery.
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Georg Schlachtenberger, Stephen Gerfer, Axel Kröner, Thorsten Wahlers
Background  Primary cardiac tumors are rare, and many diagnosed tumors are benign with an incidence of 0.001% to 0.03%. The primary angiosarcoma is one of the malignant entities. Discussion  We discuss a case report of a 76-year-old male who underwent a preoperative diagnosis for an upcoming shoulder operation when his cardiologist diagnosed a large cardiac tumor. The patient was referred to our department where he received further diagnostics. The transesophageal echocardiography and the cardiac-magnetic resonance imaging showed a massive tumor with a dimension of 8...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Michael John Paisley, Zachary Deboard, Donald Thomas
Background  The rare complication of mitral valve rupture from blunt trauma is certainly not at the top of the differential of shock. Case Description  We report the case of a 56-year-old woman who sustained numerous injuries after a 30-m fall with cardiogenic shock secondary to mitral valve rupture causing severe mitral valve regurgitation. Management included successful primary leaflet repair, annuloplasty, and single vessel coronary artery bypass. Conclusion  Valvular repair in the setting of polytrauma is a complex decision that requires careful balance of risks and benefits relative to patient stability...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Najah Khan, Vid Fikfak, Edward Y Chan, Min P Kim
Background  Technology has evolved to facilitate pulmonary resection. The latest technological advances in computer-aided surgery (Da Vinci Xi) allow for more control during pulmonary resection. Case Description  A 59-year-old woman presented with two primary tumors of the left upper and lower lung. After induction chemotherapy, patient had a "five on a dice" port placement and technique was used to perform successful robot-assisted pneumonectomy. The patient was discharged home on postoperative day 3 without any complications...
January 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
H Edward Garrett
Background  The Cor-Knot device is a titanium fastener which is widely used in cardiac valve procedures. Adverse events associated with use of the device have been rare. Case Description  A patient underwent robotic mitral valve repair using the Cor-Knot fastener. Five years later, he suffered a cerebral vascular accident secondary to embolization of a metallic foreign body. He had had no other medical procedures which could account for a source of metallic embolization. Conclusion  Long-term surveillance after use of the Cor-Knot fastener is limited...
January 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Marco Gennari, Piero Trabattoni, Antonio L Bartorelli, Marco Agrifoglio
No consensus exists on the timing, safety, and efficacy of treating severe symptomatic aortic and carotid stenosis. In the older population and in the presence of multiple comorbidities that arise during the surgery, a less invasive transcatheter treatment may be the only reasonable option. We discuss this topic by analyzing a case of an 84-year-old man who underwent a combined single-stage transcatheter procedure.
January 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Stanislav Tsvelodub, Léon M Putman, Andrea Gieselmann, Hans-Hinrich Sievers
Background  Nutcracker phenomenon (NCP) can occur due to various anatomical anomalies. Anterior and posterior NCP are defined in the literature. Posterior NCP combined with left atrial isomerism is a rare condition. Case description  We present a rare case of an asymptomatic posterior NCP involving the azygos vein in a patient with a complex cardiovascular pathology with left atrial isomerism, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, interrupted inferior vena cava, and azygos continuation. Conclusion  Detection of the NCP especially involving such a rare anatomical anomaly as an azygos continuation has a crucial importance for diagnostic and surgical procedures...
January 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Sebastian Paul Pleger, Nadine Nink, Andreas Böning, Ahmed Koshty
Background  Endograft infections (EIs) are rare complications after endovascular procedures in the thoracic and abdominal aortas. The challenging treatment encloses antibiotic and surgical therapies. Case Description  A 74-year-old male patient developed an EI after an endovascular procedure (thoracic endovascular aortic repair [TEVAR]). Despite a long-term oral antibiotic therapy, the clinical symptoms showed no falling trend. Because of the expanded infection from above the celiac trunk up to the aortic arch, we decided to remove the infected endograft and to implant an extra-anatomic ascendobifemoral bypass...
January 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Daniel Reichart, Niklas Schofer, Florian Deuschl, Andreas Schaefer, Stefan Blankenberg, Hermann Reichenspurner, Ulrich Schaefer, Lenard Conradi
Background  Transcatheter heart valve (THV) therapies have shown to be an alternative to surgical valve replacement, especially in high-risk patients requiring redo surgery. However, reports of transcatheter-based interventions in tricuspid valve position are scarce. Case Description  Here, we report a case of successful concomitant transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve (ViV) and tricuspid valve-in-ring (ViR) procedures using a 23-mm CoreValve Evolut R THV (Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States) in aortic position and a 29-mm SAPIEN3 (Edwards Lifesciences, Inc...
January 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"