journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery Research and Practice

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573170/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-the-elderly-an-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-western-nepal
#1
Tika Ram Bhandari, Sudha Shahi, Rajeev Bhandari, Rajesh Poudel
BACKGROUND: The incidence of gallstone increases with increasing age. No studies have been reported in the elderly population with laparoscopic cholecystectomy from developing nations. The aim of this study was to compare perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic cholecystectomy between the elderly (≥60 years old) and the young (<60 years old). METHODS: From July 2015 to June 2016, a retrospective review of medical records of 78 elderly patients (≥60 years old) and 164 young patients (<60 years old) who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy was done...
2017: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492062/intraoperative-injection-of-technetium-99m-sulfur-colloid-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-single-institution-experience
#2
Julian Berrocal, Lawrence Saperstein, Baiba Grube, Nina R Horowitz, Anees B Chagpar, Brigid K Killelea, Donald R Lannin
Background. Most institutions require a patient undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy to go through nuclear medicine prior to surgery to be injected with radioisotope. This study describes the long-term results using intraoperative injection of radioisotope. Methods. Since late 2002, all patients undergoing a sentinel lymph node biopsy at the Yale-New Haven Breast Center underwent intraoperative injection of technetium-99m sulfur colloid. Endpoints included number of sentinel and nonsentinel lymph nodes obtained and number of positive sentinel and nonsentinel lymph nodes...
2017: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492061/viability-of-airborne-tumor-cells-during-excision-by-ultrasonic-device
#3
Masakazu Hashimoto, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Hirotaka Tashiro, Shintaro Kuroda, Yoshihiro Mikuriya, Tomoyuki Abe, Yuka Tanaka, Hideki Ohdan
Background. Laparoscopic surgery has become more widely used, but peritoneal dissemination and port-site metastasis have been reported to occur in these surgeries. One reason for these problems is the ultrasonically activated scalpel (UAS) used for laparoscopic surgery. This study aimed to investigate the viability of airborne cells released during cancer dissection using a UAS. Methods. Flank tumors measuring about 2 cm were induced in male NOD-Cg-Rag1(tm1Mom)IL2rg(tm1wjl/SzJ) mice by subcutaneous injection of 1 × 10(6) HepG2 cells...
2017: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386584/clinical-study-on-the-etiology-of-postthyroidectomy-skin-sinus-formation
#4
Shan Jin, Wuyuntu Bao, Oyungerel Borkhuu, Yun-Tian Yang
Background. Thyroidectomy is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures worldwide. Despite technical advances and high experience of thyroidectomy of specialized centers, it is still burdened by a significant rate of postoperative complications. Among them, the skin sinus formation is an extremely rare postthyroidectomy complication. Here, we first report the incidence of the skin sinus formation after thyroidectomy to identify the causes for skin sinus formation after thyroidectomy and to discuss its prevention and treatment options...
2017: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367493/diagnosis-symptoms-and-outcomes-of-hirschsprung-s-disease-from-the-perspective-of-gender
#5
Christina Granéli, Eero Dahlin, Anna Börjesson, Einar Arnbjörnsson, Pernilla Stenström
Background/Aim. Hirschsprung's disease (HD) has a skewed gender distribution, with a female to male ratio of 1 : 4. This study aims to examine differences between boys and girls with HD regarding preoperative features and postoperative treatment and outcome. Method. The first part of the study was conducted as a retrospective review of all HD patients who underwent transanal endorectal pull-through (TERPT). Pre-, peri-, immediate post-, and first-year postoperative data were collected. The second part was conducted as an observational cross-sectional study by comparing bowel function scores (BFS) determined by structured interviews of patients 4 years old and older...
2017: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194430/mesh-inguinal-hernia-repair-and-appendectomy-in-the-treatment-of-amyand-s-hernia-with-non-inflamed-appendices
#6
Emin Kose, Abdullah Sisik, Mustafa Hasbahceci
Amyand's hernia is defined as protrusion of the vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac. It is a rare entity with variable clinical presentation from normal vermiform appendix to abscess formation due to perforation of acute appendicitis. Although surgical treatment includes appendectomy and hernia repair, appendectomy in the absence of an inflamed appendix and use of a mesh in cases of appendectomy remain to be controversial. The aim of this study was to review the experience of mesh inguinal hernia repair plus appendectomy performed for Amyand's hernia with noninflamed appendices...
2017: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168215/incidence-and-etiology-of-surgical-site-infections-among-emergency-postoperative-patients-in-mbarara-regional-referral-hospital-south-western-uganda
#7
Abubaker Lubega, Bazira Joel, Najjuka Justina Lucy
Background. This prospective hospital based study was conducted to determine the incidence, risk factors, and causative agents of surgical site infection their susceptibility to among 114 emergency postoperative patients at the Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital between September 2014 and January 2015. Methods. Consented patients were consecutively enrolled and their preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were collected. Follow-ups were done in the surgical outpatient clinics. Wound specimens were collected and processed as per Sops; susceptibility testing was done using the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion technique...
2017: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975081/laparoscopic-treatment-of-adrenal-tumors-a-single-center-experience-with-58-patients
#8
Aziz Ari, Kenan Buyukasik, Cihad Tatar, Ozgur Segmen, Feyzullah Ersoz, Soykan Arikan, Feray Gunver, Serkan Sari
Background. The aim of this study is to discuss the laparoscopic approach and assess the immunohistochemical expression profiles of synaptophysin, Ki-67, and inhibin and patient outcomes in adrenal masses through a series of cases treated at our institution. Method. The study was conducted on 58 patients who were diagnosed with adrenal masses. All cases were operated on laparoscopically for adrenal masses. Results. Both inhibin and synaptophysin were found positive in 45 patients (77,6%). Ki-67 was negative in 11 patients, whereas it was found positive in 42 with a rate of 1%...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872897/physiotherapy-practice-patterns-for-management-of-patients-undergoing-thoracic-surgeries-in-india-a-survey
#9
Sagarika Sultanpuram, Gopala Krishna Alaparthi, Shyam Krishnan Krishnakumar, Zulfeequer C P Ottayil
Aim. The aim of the current study is to determine the practice patterns of physiotherapists for patients undergoing thoracic surgeries in India. Materials and Methodology. A cross-sectional survey was conducted across India in which 600 questionnaires were sent in emails to physiotherapists. The questionnaire addressed assessment and treatment techniques of thoracic surgery. Results. A total of 234 completed questionnaires were returned with a response rate of 39%, with the majority of responses received from Telangana, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747272/laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-in-complicated-appendicitis-in-children-less-than-5-years-old-a-six-year-single-centre-experience
#10
R Guanà, L Lonati, S Garofalo, N Tommasoni, L Ferrero, A Cerrina, R Lemini, C Dallan, J Schleef
Introduction. Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical emergency in the pediatric population. The peak incidence occurs in the first decade of life, while it is uncommon to face appendicitis in children younger than 5 years of age. Laparoscopy is now demonstrated to be the optimal approach also to treat complicated appendicitis, but in very young children this standardized operation is not always easy to perform. Material and Methods. From January 2009 to December 2015 we operated on 525 acute appendicitis, with 120 patients less than 5 years of age...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722200/laparoscopic-versus-open-omental-patch-repair-for-early-presentation-of-perforated-peptic-ulcer-matched-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Daniel Jin Keat Lee, MaDong Ye, Keith Haozhe Sun, Vishalkumar G Shelat, Aaryan Koura
Introduction. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes between laparoscopic and open omental patch repair (LOPR versus OR) in patients with similar presentation of perforated peptic ulcer (PPU). The secondary aim was to evaluate the outcomes according to the severity of peritonitis. Methods. All patients who underwent omental patch repair at two university-affiliated institutes between January 2010 and December 2014 were reviewed. Matched cohort between LOPR and OR groups was achieved by only including patients that had ulcer perforation <2 cm in size and symptoms occurring <48 hours...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704039/a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-on-orthopaedic-and-anaesthetic-registrars-performing-femoral-nerve-block-on-patients-with-an-acute-hip-fracture
#12
Åsa Thelaus, Tobias Pettersson, Max Gordon, Ferid Krupic, Olof Sköldenberg
We investigated if a femoral nerve block (FNB) for patients with a proximal femoral fracture (PFF) and administered by an orthopaedic registrar (OR) instead of an anaesthesiology registrar (AR) lowers the lead time to block and reduces the total amount of rescue analgesics during the preoperative phase. 205 patients were included in a prospective observational cohort study. The main outcome variable was rescue analgesics as total intravenous morphine prior to surgery. All results were adjusted for confounding using age, sex, cognitive dysfunction, and ASA classification...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648469/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-a-single-high-volume-surgical-oncology-unit-details-matter
#13
Timothy L Fitzgerald, Catalina Mosquera, Nicholas J Koutlas, Nasreen A Vohra, Kimberly V Edwards, Emmanuel E Zervos
Benefits of ERAS protocol have been well documented; however, it is unclear whether the improvement stems from the protocol or shifts in expectations. Interdisciplinary educational seminars were conducted for all health professionals. However, one test surgeon adopted the protocol. 394 patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery from June 2013 to April 2015 with a median age of 63 years were included. The implementation of ERAS protocol resulted in a decrease in the length of stay (LOS) and mortality, whereas the difference in cost was found to be insignificant...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642630/role-of-epidural-analgesia-within-an-eras-program-after-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-studies
#14
REVIEW
Giuseppe Borzellino, Nader Kamal Francis, Olivier Chapuis, Evguenia Krastinova, Valérie Dyevre, Michele Genna
Introduction. Epidural analgesia has been a cornerstone of any ERAS program for open colorectal surgery. With the improvements in anesthetic and analgesic techniques as well as the introduction of the laparoscopy for colorectal resection, the role of epidural analgesia has been questioned. The aim of the review was to assess through a meta-analysis the impact of epidural analgesia compared to other analgesic techniques for colorectal laparoscopic surgery within an ERAS program. Methods. Literature research was performed on PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635414/laparoscopic-transabdominal-preperitoneal-inguinal-hernia-repair-using-memory-ring-mesh-a-pilot-study
#15
Takeshi Matsutani, Tsutomu Nomura, Nobutoshi Hagiwara, Akihisa Matsuda, Yoshimune Takao, Eiji Uchida
Purpose. To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repair using a memory-ring patch (Polysoft™ mesh). Patients and Methods. Between April 2010 and March 2013, a total of 76 inguinal hernias underwent TAPP repair using Polysoft mesh in 67 adults under general anesthesia. Three different senior resident surgeons performed TAPP repair under the instruction of a specialist surgeon. Nine patients had bilateral hernias. The 76 hernias included 37 indirect inguinal hernias, 29 direct hernias, 1 femoral hernia, 1 pantaloon hernia (combined direct/indirect inguinal hernia), and 8 recurrent hernias after open anterior hernia repair...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504486/future-perspectives-of-eras-a-narrative-review-on-the-new-applications-of-an-established-approach
#16
REVIEW
Dario Bugada, Valentina Bellini, Andrea Fanelli, Maurizio Marchesini, Christian Compagnone, Marco Baciarello, Massimo Allegri, Guido Fanelli
ERAS approach (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) is a multimodal, perioperative pathway designed to achieve early recovery after surgery. ERAS has shown documented efficacy in elective surgery, and the concept of "multimodal" and "multidisciplinary" approach seems still to be of higher importance than each single item within ERAS protocols. New perspectives include the use of ERAS in emergency surgery, where efficacy and safety on outcome have been documented, and flexibility of traditional items may add benefits for traditionally high-risk patients...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500743/comment-on-surgically-resected-gall-bladder-is-histopathology-needed-for-all
#17
COMMENT
Savio George Barreto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413775/improving-surgical-access-in-rural-africa-through-a-surgical-camp-model
#18
M Galukande, O Kituuka, E Elobu, J Jombwe, J Sekabira, Elissa Butler, J Faulal
Introduction. Surgical camps are preplanned activities where volunteer surgical teams congregate at specified place(s) and perform a wide range of mostly elective procedures for a limited period of time. This is usually at no cost to the patients, who belong to vulnerable (poor and hard to reach) communities. We describe a surgical camp model and its challenges as a means of improving access to surgical services. Methods. A cross-sectional descriptive study. Data from a recent Association of Surgeons of Uganda surgical camp were collected and analyzed for demographics, costs, procedure types, and rates and, in addition, challenges encountered and solutions...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379255/the-onstep-method-for-inguinal-hernia-repair-operative-technique-and-technical-tips
#19
REVIEW
Jacob Rosenberg, Kristoffer Andresen
Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common surgical procedures and several different surgical techniques are available. The Onstep method is a new promising technique. The technique is simple with a number of straightforward steps. This paper provides a full description of the technique together with tips and tricks to make it easy and without complications.
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314062/through-thick-and-thin-identifying-barriers-to-bariatric-surgery-weight-loss-maintenance-and-tailoring-obesity-treatment-for-the-future
#20
REVIEW
Donevan Westerveld, Dennis Yang
More than one-third of the adults in the United States are obese. This complex metabolic disorder is associated with multiple comorbidities and increased all-cause mortality. Bariatric surgery has been shown to be more effective than medical therapy and has been associated with weight loss maintenance and decreased mortality. In spite of these well-established benefits, less than 1% of candidates undergo surgery due to multiple factors, such as patient and physician perceptions and attitudes, patient-physician interaction, lack of resources, and cost burden...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
journal
journal
49283
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"