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BMC Psychology

Joshua Patras, Kristin Dagmar Martinsen, Solveig Holen, Anne Mari Sund, Frode Adolfsen, Lene-Mari Potulski Rasmussen, Simon-Peter Neumer
BACKGROUND: High levels of anxiety and depression are common psychological symptoms among children and adolescents. These symptoms affect young people in multiple life domains and are possible precursors of long-term psychological distress. Despite relatively high prevalence, few children with emotional problems are referred for clinical treatment, indicating the need for systematic prevention. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate an indicated preventive intervention, EMOTION Coping Kids Managing Anxiety and Depression (EMOTION), to reduce high levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms...
September 26, 2016: BMC Psychology
Hannah Maike Albers, Sanjay Kinra, K V Radha Krishna, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Hannah Kuper
BACKGROUND: Migration is a major life event, which may also be a risk factor for depression. However, little is known regarding the relationship between these phenomena in low and middle income settings. This study explores the frequency and severity of depressive symptoms among rural-to-urban migrants compared to permanent rural and to urban residents in India. METHODS: We assessed 884 subjects; urban non-migrants (n = 159), urban migrants (n = 461) and rural non-migrants (n = 264) in Hyderabad, India, in 2009-2010...
2016: BMC Psychology
Anthony Lyons, Wendy Heywood, Tomas Rozbroj
BACKGROUND: Mental health outcomes among HIV-positive gay men are generally poorer than in the broader population. However, not all men in this population experience mental health problems. Although much is known about factors associated with depression and anxiety among HIV-positive gay men, little is known about factors associated with positive mental health. Such knowledge can be useful for optimizing well-being support programs for HIV-positive gay men. METHODS: In this study, we examined flourishing, which broadly covers most aspects of positive mental health...
2016: BMC Psychology
Kristin D Martinsen, Simon-Peter Neumer, Solveig Holen, Trine Waaktaar, Anne Mari Sund, Philip C Kendall
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depressive symptoms are common in childhood, however problems in need of intervention may not be identified. Children at risk for developing more severe problems can be identified based on elevated symptom levels. Quality of life and self-esteem are important functional domains and may provide additional valuable information. METHODS: Schoolchildren (n = 915), aged 9-13, who considered themselves to be more anxious or sad than their peers, completed self-reports of anxiety (Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for children (MASC-C), depression (The Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire; SMFQ), quality of life (Kinder Lebensqualität Fragebogen; KINDL) and self-esteem (Beck self-concept inventory for youth (BSCI-Y) at baseline of a randomized controlled indicative study...
2016: BMC Psychology
Lars-Gunnar Lundh, Terese Petersson, Martin Wolgast
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the best methodology for studying the efficacy of psychotherapy. Optimally an RCT design makes it possible to conclude that if one treatment has a better outcome than another, this is due to the treatment package (TP) as it was implemented in this particular context, rather than other factors beyond the treatment (= high internal validity). Strong internal validity does not, however, provide evidence for the treatment model (TM) that provides the theoretical basis of the TP, because the TP that is tested may differ from the comparison condition in a number of other ways that suggest alternative explanations for the effects...
2016: BMC Psychology
Charlotte Reedtz, Sihu Klest
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to evaluate whether the effects of a short, six session version of an evidence-based parent training programme (The Incredible Years), delivered in a non-clinical community sample in the northern Norway, are maintained 4 years following the initial intervention. METHOD: Data were collected primarily from mothers in a randomized controlled trial (N = 117). Children's mean age at 4 year follow-up was 7.5 years. RESULTS: A mixed model analyses of linear change with a time by condition interaction revealed that statistically significant differences were maintained between the parent training and control groups for several outcomes...
2016: BMC Psychology
Virginia Hagger, Steven Trawley, Christel Hendrieckx, Jessica L Browne, Fergus Cameron, Frans Pouwer, Timothy Skinner, Jane Speight
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes is a complex and demanding condition, which places a substantial behavioural and psychological burden on young people and their families. Around one-third of adolescents with type 1 diabetes need mental health support. Parents of a child with type 1 diabetes are also at increased risk of psychological distress. A better understanding of the motivators, behaviours and psychological well-being of young people with diabetes and their parents will inform improvement of resources for supporting self-management and reducing the burden of diabetes...
2016: BMC Psychology
Nataly Bovopoulos, Anthony F Jorm, Kathy S Bond, Anthony D LaMontagne, Nicola J Reavley, Claire M Kelly, Betty A Kitchener, Angela Martin
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common in the workplace, but workers affected by such problems are not always well supported by managers and co-workers. Guidelines exist for the public on how to provide mental health first aid, but not specifically on how to tailor one's approach if the person of concern is a co-worker or employee. A Delphi consensus study was carried out to develop guidelines on additional considerations required when offering mental health first aid in a workplace context...
2016: BMC Psychology
Philipp Röthlin, Daniel Birrer, Stephan Horvath, Martin Grosse Holtforth
BACKGROUND: Struggling to deliver performance in competitions is one of the main reasons why athletes seek the advice of sport psychologists. Psychologists apply a variety of intervention techniques, many of which are not evidence-based. Evidence-based techniques promote quality management and could help athletes, for example, to increase and maintain functional athletic behavior in competitions/games (i.e., being focused on task relevant cues and executing movements and actions in high quality)...
2016: BMC Psychology
Monique van Bruggen-Rufi, Annemieke Vink, Wilco Achterberg, Raymund Roos
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease with autosomal dominant inheritance, characterized by motor disturbances, cognitive decline and behavioral and psychological symptoms. Since there is no cure, all treatment is aimed at improving quality of life. Music therapy is a non-pharmacological intervention, aiming to improve the quality of life, but its use and efficacy in patients with Huntington's disease has hardly been studied. In this article, a protocol is described to study the effects of music therapy in comparison with a control intervention to improve quality of life through stimulating expressive and communicative skills...
2016: BMC Psychology
Dennis G Dyck, Douglas L Weeks, Sarah Gross, Crystal Lederhos Smith, Hilary A Lott, Aimee J Wallace, Sonya M Wood
BACKGROUND: Over 12,000 individuals suffer a spinal cord injury (SCI) annually in the United States, necessitating long-term, complex adjustments and responsibilities for patients and their caregivers. Despite growing evidence that family education and support improves the management of chronic conditions for care recipients as well as caregiver outcomes, few systematic efforts have been made to involve caregivers in psycho-educational interventions for SCI. As a result, a serious gap exists in accumulated knowledge regarding effective, family-based treatment strategies for improving outcomes for individuals with SCI and their caregivers...
2016: BMC Psychology
Sara Ferlander, Andrew Stickley, Olga Kislitsyna, Tanya Jukkala, Per Carlson, Ilkka Henrik Mäkinen
BACKGROUND: Depression is a major health problem worldwide, especially among women. The condition has been related to a number of factors, such as alcohol consumption, economic situation and, more recently, to social capital. However, there have been relatively few studies about the social capital-depression relationship in Eastern Europe. This paper aims to fill this gap by examining the association between different forms of social capital and self-rated depression in Moscow. Differences between men and women will also be examined, with a special focus on women...
2016: BMC Psychology
Anna Lena Münch, Christina Hunger, Jochen Schweitzer
BACKGROUND: This study examined relationships between attachment style, eating disorders (EDs), personality variables and family functioning. METHODS: In our study, 253 women (M = 25.72 years, SD = 8.73) were grouped into one of four categories either according to self-reported ED diagnosis or by exceeding cut-offs for a clinical diagnosis on the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) or Short Evaluation of Eating Disorders (SEED): anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), other eating disorder (O-ED), no eating disorder (Non-ED)...
2016: BMC Psychology
Alexander Miething, Ylva B Almquist, Viveca Östberg, Mikael Rostila, Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren
BACKGROUND: The importance of supportive social relationships for psychological well-being has been previously recognized, but the direction of associations between both dimensions and how they evolve when adolescents enter adulthood have scarcely been addressed. The present study aims to examine the gender-specific associations between self-reported friendship network quality and psychological well-being of young people during the transition from late adolescence to young adulthood by taking into account the direction of association...
2016: BMC Psychology
Salla-Maarit Volanen, Maarit Lassander, Nelli Hankonen, Päivi Santalahti, Mirka Hintsanen, Nina Simonsen, Anu Raevuori, Sari Mullola, Tero Vahlberg, Anna But, Sakari Suominen
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has shown positive effects on mental health, mental capacity and well-being among adult population. Among children and adolescents, previous research on the effectiveness of mindfulness interventions on health and well-being has shown promising results, but studies with methodologically sound designs have been called for. Few intervention studies in this population have compared the effectiveness of mindfulness programs to alternative intervention programs with adequate sample sizes...
2016: BMC Psychology
Saskia Euser, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Bianca G van den Bulk, Mariëlle Linting, Rani C Damsteegt, Claudia I Vrijhof, Ilse C van Wijk, Eveline A Crone, Marinus H van IJzendoorn
BACKGROUND: Intervention programs with the aim of enhancing parenting quality have been found to be differentially effective in decreasing negative child outcomes such as externalizing behavioral problems, resulting in modest overall effect sizes. Here we present the protocol for a randomized controlled trial to examine the efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline for Twin Families (VIPP-Twins) on parenting quality and children's behavioral control and social competence...
2016: BMC Psychology
John A Chalmers, James A J Heathers, Maree J Abbott, Andrew H Kemp, Daniel S Quintana
BACKGROUND: Individuals with anxiety disorders display reduced resting-state heart rate variability (HRV), although findings have been contradictory and the role of specific symptoms has been less clear. It is possible that HRV reductions may transcend diagnostic categories, consistent with dimensional-trait models of psychopathology. Here we investigated whether anxiety disorders or symptoms of anxiety, stress, worry and depression are more strongly associated with resting-state HRV...
2016: BMC Psychology
Bjørn Grinde, Kristian Tambs
BACKGROUND: Most people in industrialized societies grow up in core (parents only) families with few if any siblings. Based on an evolutionary perspective, it may be argued that this environment reflects a mismatch, in that the tribal setting offered a larger number of close affiliates. The present project examined whether this mismatch may have a negative impact on mental health. METHODS: We used data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), which includes 114 500 children...
2016: BMC Psychology
Keith R Laws
Modern psychology is apparently in crisis and the prevailing view is that this partly reflects an inability to replicate past findings. If a crisis does exists, then it is some kind of 'chronic' crisis, as psychologists have been censuring themselves over replicability for decades. While the debate in psychology is not new, the lack of progress across the decades is disappointing. Recently though, we have seen a veritable surfeit of debate alongside multiple orchestrated and well-publicised replication initiatives...
2016: BMC Psychology
Theresa H M Kim, Juan Pascual-Leone, Janice Johnson, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Tai Chi practice has some fitness, wellness, and general cognitive effects in older adults. However, benefits of Tai Chi on specific mental-attentional executive processes have not been investigated previously. We studied older Canadian adults of Chinese and non-Chinese origin and from low socioeconomic areas. METHODS: Sixty-four adults (51-87 years old) took part in a 16-week Tai Chi program. There were two groups: Chinese-background (n = 35) and Non-Chinese-background (n = 29)...
2016: BMC Psychology
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