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BMC Psychology

Nuwan Darshana Wickramasinghe, Devani Sakunthala Dissanayake, Gihan Sajiwa Abeywardena
BACKGROUND: With ever increasing educational expectations and demands, burnout has emerged as a major problem negatively affecting the wellbeing of different student populations. Even though the validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) is widely assessed across the globe, there is a paucity of related literature in the South Asian settings. Hence, this study was aimed at assessing the factorial structure, validity, and reliability of the MBI-SS among collegiate cycle students in Sri Lanka...
November 12, 2018: BMC Psychology
Anne H Buitenhuis, Marrit A Tuinman, Mariët Hagedoorn
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the largest preventable cause of death. Smoking cessation interventions that use implementation intentions show promising results. Implementation intentions are if-then plans that specify a certain behaviour within a situational context. This study will examine whether involving a non-smoking partner could improve planning interventions, and whether and which partner interactions underlie this effectiveness. METHODS: This single-blind randomized controlled trial has a longitudinal design with a baseline questionnaire, end-of-day measurements for three weeks starting on the quit date, and a follow-up questionnaire after three months...
November 12, 2018: BMC Psychology
Matthew D Burkey, Ramesh P Adhikari, Lajina Ghimire, Brandon A Kohrt, Lawrence S Wissow, Nagendra P Luitel, Emily E Haroz, Mark J D Jordans
BACKGROUND: Obtaining accurate and valid measurements of disruptive behavior disorders remains a challenge in non-Western settings due to variability in societal norms for child behavior and a lack of tools developed outside of Western contexts. This paper assesses the reliability and construct validity of the Disruptive Behavior International Scale - Nepal version (DBIS-N)-a scale developed using ethnographic research in Nepal-and compares it with a widely used Western-derived scale in assessing locally defined child behavior problems...
November 3, 2018: BMC Psychology
Connie Olwit, Maureen Mugaba, Charles Peter Osingada, Rose Chalo Nabirye
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, sickle cell disease is recognized as one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality. Caregivers and patients with such chronic illnesses experience economic, physical, social and psychological distresses which may lead to chronic sorrow. Chronic sorrow is viewed as a normal reaction to loss, however it can progress to a pathological state such as depression if the coping styles are ineffective. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the existence of chronic sorrow, triggers and coping with grief related feelings among caretakers of children with sickle cell disease...
October 20, 2018: BMC Psychology
Richard B Lopez, Julia M Salinger, Todd F Heatherton, Dylan D Wagner
BACKGROUND: Media multitasking (MMT)-using and switching between unrelated forms of media-has been implicated in altered processing of extraneous stimuli, resulting in performance deficits. Here, we sought to extend our prior work to test the hypothesis that MMT might be associated with enhanced processing of incidental environmental cues during person perception. METHOD: We tested the relationship between individual differences in MMT and person perception, by experimentally manipulating the relevance of environmental cues that participants could use to make trait and personality judgements of an unfamiliar social target...
October 11, 2018: BMC Psychology
L W Te Brinke, H D Schuiringa, A T A Menting, M Deković, B O de Castro
BACKGROUND: Interventions for adolescents with externalizing behavior problems are generally found to be only moderately effective, and treatment responsiveness is variable. Therefore, this study aims to increase intervention effectiveness by examining effective approaches to train emotion regulation, which is considered to be a crucial mechanism involved in the development of externalizing behavior problems. Specifically, we aim to disentangle a cognitive and behavioral approach to emotion regulation training...
October 10, 2018: BMC Psychology
Fredrik Falkenström, Manasi Kumar, Aiysha Zahid, Mary Kuria, Caleb Othieno
BACKGROUND: There is no generic psychotherapy outcome measure validated for Kenyan populations. The objective of this study was to test the acceptability and factor structure of the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measure in patients attending psychiatric clinics at two state-owned hospitals in Nairobi. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-five patients filled out the CORE-OM after their initial therapy session. Confirmatory and Exploratory Factor Analysis (CFA/EFA) were used to study the factor structure of the CORE-OM...
October 1, 2018: BMC Psychology
Dina Weindl, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster
BACKGROUND: A broad range of psychopathological sequelae was found in adult survivors of institutional childhood maltreatment (IM). Childhood maltreatment is also associated with lower self-esteem (SE). In previous qualitative research, adult survivors of IM reported feelings of worthlessness and self-doubts, but research on IM and its associations with SE is still scarce. METHOD: To investigate the emotional facet of SE in 46 adult survivors of IM in foster care settings provided by the City of Vienna we used the Emotional SE subscale of the Multidimensional Self-Esteem Scale ('Multidimensionale Selbstwertskala', MSWS) and applied a semi-structured interview with open-ended questions...
September 17, 2018: BMC Psychology
Oskar Lundgren, Peter Garvin, Margareta Kristenson, Lena Jonasson, Ingela Thylén
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress with symptoms of depression and anxiety is common and unrecognized in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Efforts have been made to treat psychological distress in CAD with both conventional methods, such as antidepressant drugs and psychotherapy, and non-conventional methods, such as stress management courses. However, studies focusing on the experiences of mindfulness training in this population are still scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore immediate experiences of mindfulness practice among CAD patients with depressive symptoms...
September 13, 2018: BMC Psychology
Susan Andersen, Morten Hulvej Rod, Teresa Holmberg, Liselotte Ingholt, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup
BACKGROUND: Lack of formal education is an important social determinant of health inequality and represents a public health problem. School dropout is particularly common in vocational education; however few prevention programs targeting dropout in the vocational school setting have been evaluated. The purpose of the present study was to test the effect on school dropout of a settings-based intervention program (named Shaping the Social) that targeted the school organization in order to create social and supportive learning environments...
September 12, 2018: BMC Psychology
Mirjam Stieger, Marcia Nißen, Dominik Rüegger, Tobias Kowatsch, Christoph Flückiger, Mathias Allemand
BACKGROUND: This protocol describes a study that will test the effectiveness of a 10-week non-clinical psychological coaching intervention for intentional personality change using a smartphone application. The goal of the intervention is to coach individuals who are willing and motivated to change some aspects of their personality, i.e., the Big Five personality traits. The intervention is based on empirically derived general change mechanisms from psychotherapy process-outcome research...
September 4, 2018: BMC Psychology
M E S Loevaas, A M Sund, J Patras, K Martinsen, O Hjemdal, S-P Neumer, S Holen, T Reinfjell
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of anxiety and depression are prevalent and highly comorbid in children, contributing to considerable impairment even at a subclinical level. Difficulties with emotion regulation are potentially related to both anxious and depressive symptoms. Research looking at maternal contributions to children's mental health dominates the literature but ignores the potentially important contributions of fathers. METHOD: The present study is part of the Coping Kids study in Norway, a randomized controlled study of a new indicated preventive intervention for children, EMOTION...
August 20, 2018: BMC Psychology
Rosie Perkins, Sarah Yorke, Daisy Fancourt
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated that making music can enhance positive emotions as well as support positive psychological functioning. However, studies tend to be limited by lack of comparison with other psychosocial interventions. This study builds on a three-arm randomised controlled trial (RCT) that demonstrated that group singing for mothers and babies, but not group creative play, can lead to faster recovery from moderate-severe symptoms of postnatal depression than usual care...
August 17, 2018: BMC Psychology
Madeleine Stevens
BACKGROUND: Many childhood risk factors are known to be associated with children's future antisocial and criminal behaviour, including children's conduct disorders and family difficulties such as parental substance abuse. Some families are involved with many different services but little is known about what middle childhood factors moderate the risk of poor outcomes. This paper reports the quantitative component of a mixed methods study investigating what factors can be addressed to help families improve children's outcomes in the longer term...
August 10, 2018: BMC Psychology
John Brodersen, Volkert Siersma, Hanne Thorsen
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer screening will inevitably lead to unintentional harmful effects e.g. detection of indolent pathological conditions defined as overdetection or overdiagnosis. Overdiagnosis often leads to overutilisation, overtreatment, labelling and thereby negative psychosocial consequences. There is a lack of adequate psychosocial measures when it comes to measurement of the harms of medical screening. However, the Consequences of Screening questionnaire (COS) has been found relevant and comprehensive with adequate psychometric properties in breast and lung cancer screening...
August 10, 2018: BMC Psychology
Sally Flynn, Chris Noone, Kiran M Sarma
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported on positive and negative psychological outcomes associated with the use of social networking sites (SNSs). Research efforts linking Facebook use with depression and low self-esteem have indicated that it might be the manner in which people engage with the site that makes its use problematic for some people. The aim of the current study was to test a theoretical model of problematic Facebook use, using adult attachment style as the predictor variable of interest...
August 10, 2018: BMC Psychology
Nikita K Schoemaker, Gabrine Jagersma, Marije Stoltenborgh, Athanasios Maras, Harriet J Vermeer, Femmie Juffer, Lenneke R A Alink
BACKGROUND: Foster children are at higher risk of the development of behavior and emotional problems, which can contribute to the development of insecure attachment bonds with their foster parents and (subsequently) to placement breakdown. Sensitive parenting might minimize the adverse effects of the behavior and emotional problems. Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline in Foster Care (VIPP-FC) is an adaptation of the evidence-based Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) and aims at increasing sensitive parenting and the use of sensitive discipline strategies of foster parents...
August 3, 2018: BMC Psychology
Gillian Murphy, Kath Peters, Lesley Wilkes, Debra Jackson
BACKGROUND: Individuals who have lived with childhood parental mental illness are at increased risk of developing mental health concerns. Yet there is limited knowledge about how a person's childhood experiences of parental mental illness may influence their subsequent parenting roles. METHODS: This narrative study generated parenting narratives of adult children who had lived with childhood parental mental illness. Interviewees included 10 women and three men. Inductive thematic analysis was used to establish themes and sub-themes from the narratives...
July 27, 2018: BMC Psychology
E C A Mertens, M Deković, M van Londen, E Reitz
BACKGROUND: Students following a low education track have an increased risk for developing problem behaviors. Rock and Water is a widespread, but still poorly evaluated, intervention that aims to improve students' socio-emotional adjustment and social safety. The aims of this study are to evaluate (1) the effectiveness of Rock and Water on socio-emotional adjustment (i.e., psychosocial wellbeing, sexual autonomy, and resilience) and social safety (i.e., perceived social security in the classroom, aggression, and bullying) and to examine (2) moderators and (3) mediators of its effects...
July 25, 2018: BMC Psychology
Adela A Mwakanyamale, Dickson P Wande, Yu Yizhen
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is becoming predominantly multi-type in nature. Studies report that multi-type child maltreatment is associated with low self-esteem in adolescence and adulthood. There is a lack of published studies in Tanzania regarding multi-type child maltreatment and its relationship with self-esteem in adolescence. This study investigates the prevalence of multi-type child maltreatment and its relationship with self-esteem among secondary school students in Tanzania...
July 24, 2018: BMC Psychology
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