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BMC Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859685/an-umbrella-review-of-the-literature-on-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-for-pain-reduction
#1
Georgios Markozannes, Eleni Aretouli, Evangelia Rintou, Elena Dragioti, Dimitrios Damigos, Evangelia Ntzani, Evangelos Evangelou, Konstantinos K Tsilidis
BACKGROUND: Psychological interventions are widely implemented for pain management and treatment, but their reported effectiveness shows considerable variation and there is elevated likelihood for bias. METHODS: We summarized the strength of evidence and extent of potential biases in the published literature of psychological interventions for pain treatment using a range of criteria, including the statistical significance of the random effects summary estimate and of the largest study of each meta-analysis, number of participants, 95% prediction intervals, between-study heterogeneity, small-study effects and excess significance bias...
August 31, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841921/growing-up-hiv-positive-in-uganda-psychological-immunodeficiency-a-qualitative-study
#2
Birthe Loa Knizek, James Mugisha, Joseph Osafo, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: This study is part of a longitudinal study among children and adolescents with HIV in both urban and rural Uganda: 'Mental health among HIV infected CHildren and Adolescents in KAmpala and Masaka, Uganda (CHAKA)'. METHOD: The study is constructed of both quantitative and qualitative components. In this article we report a qualitative study on the experiences of 21 adolescents (twelve to seventeen years) living with HIV in Uganda. The purpose of the study was to investigate both the protective and the risk factors in HIV-infected adolescents' care environment in order to understand what might contribute to negative outcomes and what might provide a protective buffer against harmful life events...
August 25, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784179/testing-the-impact-of-a-social-skill-training-versus-waiting-list-control-group-for-the-reduction-of-disruptive-behaviors-and-stress-among-preschool-children-in-child-care-the-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#3
Sylvana M Côté, Marie-Pier Larose, Marie Claude Geoffroy, Julie Laurin, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Isabelle Ouellet-Morin
BACKGROUND: Most preschoolers growing up in western industrialized countries receive child care services (CCS) during the day, while their parents are at work. Meta-analytic data suggest that CCS represent a stressful experience for preschoolers. This may be because preschoolers have not yet developed the social skills necessary to cope with the new and rapidly fluctuating social contexts of CCS. We tested the effectiveness of a child care-based social skill training program aiming to improve children's social behaviors and reduce the stress they experience...
August 7, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778213/the-effect-of-recall-reproduction-and-restudy-on-word-learning-a-pre-registered-study
#4
Saloni Krishnan, Kate E Watkins, Dorothy V M Bishop
BACKGROUND: Certain manipulations, such as testing oneself on newly learned word associations (recall), or the act of repeating a word during training (reproduction), can lead to better learning and retention relative to simply providing more exposure to the word (restudy). Such benefit has been observed for written words. Here, we test how these training manipulations affect learning of words presented aurally, when participants are required to produce these novel phonological forms in a recall task...
August 4, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768547/assisting-an-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-person-with-gambling-problems-a-delphi-study
#5
Kathy S Bond, Katrina M Dart, Anthony F Jorm, Claire M Kelly, Betty A Kitchener, Nicola J Reavley
BACKGROUND: Gambling problems appear to be more prevalent in the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population than in the non-Indigenous population. Although gambling harms can be significant, treatment-seeking rates are low. The Delphi expert consensus method was used to develop a set of guidelines on how a family or community member can assist an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander person with gambling problems. METHODS: Building on a previous systematic review of websites, books and journal articles a questionnaire was developed that contained items about the knowledge, skills and actions needed for supporting an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander person with gambling problems...
August 2, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768522/exploring-the-reliability-and-acceptability-of-cognitive-tests-for-indigenous-australians-a-pilot-study
#6
Kylie M Dingwall, Allison O Gray, Annette R McCarthy, Jennifer F Delima, Stephen C Bowden
BACKGROUND: Reliable cognitive assessment for Indigenous Australians is difficult given that mainstream tests typically rely on Western concepts, content and values. A test's psychometric properties should therefore be assessed prior to use in other cultures. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the reliability and acceptability of four cognitive tests for Australian Aboriginal people. METHODS: Participants were 40 male and 44 female (N = 84) Aboriginal patients from Alice Springs Hospital...
August 2, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743291/theory-based-interventions-for-caries-related-sugar-intake-in-adults-systematic-review
#7
Said Hartih Al Rawahi, Koula Asimakopoulou, Jonathon Timothy Newton
BACKGROUND: Theories of behavior change are essential in the design of effective behaviour change strategies. No studies have assessed the effectiveness of interventions based on psychological theories to reduce sugar intake related to dental caries. The study assessed the effect of interventions based on Social Congition Models (SCMs) on sugar intake in adults, when compared with educational interventions or no intervention. METHODS: A range of papers were considered: Systematic review Systematic Reviews with or without Meta Analyses; Randomised Controlled Trials; Controlled Clinical Trials and Before and after studies, of interventions based on Social Cognition Models aimed at dietary intake of sugar in adults...
July 25, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679446/illness-beliefs-among-patients-with-chronic-widespread-pain-associations-with-self-reported-health-status-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-impact-of-pain
#8
P Järemo, M Arman, B Gerdle, B Larsson, K Gottberg
BACKGROUND: Chronic widespread pain (CWP) is a disabling condition associated with a decrease in health. Illness beliefs are individual and are acquired during life. Constraining beliefs may prevent patients from regaining health. Understanding these patients' illness beliefs may be a way to improve the health care they are offered. The aim of this study was to describe illness beliefs among patients with CWP and associations with self-reported health, anxiety and depressive symptoms, and impact of pain...
July 5, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673334/population-levels-of-wellbeing-and-the-association-with-social-capital
#9
A W Taylor, G Kelly, E Dal Grande, D Kelly, T Marin, N Hey, K J Burke, J Licinio
BACKGROUND: This research investigates wellbeing at the population level across demographic, social and health indicators and assesses the association between wellbeing and social capital. METHOD: Data from a South Australian monthly chronic disease/risk factor surveillance system of randomly selected adults (mean age 48.7 years; range 16-99) from 2014/5 (n = 5551) were used. Univariable analyses compared wellbeing/social capital indicators, socio-demographic, risk factors and chronic conditions...
July 3, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645298/neurodevelopmental-profile-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#10
Shannon Lange, Joanne Rovet, Jürgen Rehm, Svetlana Popova
BACKGROUND: In an effort to improve the screening and diagnosis of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), research has focused on the identification of a unique neurodevelopmental profile characteristic of this population. The objective of this review was to identify any existing neurodevelopmental profiles of FASD and review their classification function in order to identify gaps and limitations of the current literature. METHODS: A systematic search for studies published up to the end of December 2016 reporting an identified neurodevelopmental profile of FASD was conducted using multiple electronic bibliographic databases...
June 23, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629428/study-protocol-evaluation-of-an-online-father-inclusive-universal-parenting-intervention-to-reduce-child-externalising-behaviours-and-improve-parenting-practices
#11
Lucy A Tully, Patrycja J Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Kathleen S Mairet, David J Hawes, Eva R Kimonis, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Caroline Moul, Vicki Anderson, Paul J Frick, Mark R Dadds
BACKGROUND: Parenting interventions that focus on enhancing the quality and consistency of parenting are effective for preventing and reducing externalising problems in children. There has been a recent shift towards online delivery of parenting interventions in order to increase their reach and impact on the population prevalence of child externalising problems. Parenting interventions have low rates of father participation yet research suggests that father involvement may be critical to the success of the intervention...
June 19, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629402/erratum-to-social-capital-a-mixed-blessing-for-women-a-cross-sectional-study-of-different-forms-of-social-relations-and-self-rated-depression-in-moscow
#12
Sara Ferlander, Andrew Stickley, Olga Kislitsyna, Tanya Jukkala, Per Carlson, Ilkka Henrik Mäkinen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619103/effects-of-muscle-dysmorphia-social-comparisons-and-body-schema-priming-on-desire-for-social-interaction-an-experimental-approach
#13
Catharina Schneider, Maria Agthe, Takuya Yanagida, Martin Voracek, Kristina Hennig-Fast
BACKGROUND: Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a relatively young diagnosis referring to the desire for a high degree in lean muscle mass, while simultaneously believing that one is insufficiently muscular, mostly found in men. It goes along with a risk for social withdrawal to maintain rigid exercise and dietary regimen. The aim of the current study was thus, to explore differences in men with and without a risk for muscle dysmorphia regarding their desire for social interaction. Furthermore, we investigated potential effects of individual social comparison tendencies (the tendency to compare oneself with persons who are perceived to be superior or inferior to oneself on a certain dimension) and of one's own body schema on the desire for social interaction...
June 15, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602159/micro-drinking-behaviours-and-consumption-of-wine-in-different-wine-glass-sizes-a-laboratory-study
#14
Z Zupan, R Pechey, D L Couturier, G J Hollands, T M Marteau
BACKGROUND: Tableware size may influence how much food and non-alcoholic drink is consumed. Preliminary evidence of the impact of glass size on purchasing of alcoholic drinks shows an increase in wine sales of almost 10% when the same portion of wine is served in a larger glass. The primary aim of the current study is to test if micro-drinking behaviours act as a mechanism that could underlie this effect, through an increase in drinking rate, sip duration and/or number of sips from a larger glass...
June 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595651/psychometric-limitations-of-the-13-item-sense-of-coherence-scale-assessed-by-rasch-analysis
#15
Anners Lerdal, Randi Opheim, Caryl L Gay, Bjørn Moum, May Solveig Fagermoen, Anders Kottorp
BACKGROUND: A person's sense of coherence (SOC) reflects their perception that the world is meaningful and predictable, and impacts their ability to deal with stressors in a health-promoting manner. A valid, reliable, and sensitive measure of SOC is needed to advance health promotion research based on this concept. The 13-item Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) is widely used, but we reported in a previous evaluation its psychometric limitations when used with adults with morbid obesity...
June 8, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499409/in-your-face-the-biased-judgement-of-fear-anger-expressions-in-violent-offenders
#16
Martin Wegrzyn, Sina Westphal, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: Why is it that certain violent criminals repeatedly find themselves engaged in brawls? Many inmates report having felt provoked or threatened by their victims, which might be due to a tendency to ascribe malicious intentions when faced with ambiguous social signals, termed hostile attribution bias. METHODS: The present study presented morphed fear-anger faces to prison inmates with a history of violent crimes, a history of child sexual abuse, and to matched controls form the general population...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494817/comparison-of-cognitive-functioning-as-measured-by-the-ruff-figural-fluency-test-and-the-cogstate-computerized-battery-within-the-lifelines-cohort-study
#17
Jisca S Kuiper, Richard C Oude Voshaar, Floor E A Verhoeven, Sytse U Zuidema, Nynke Smidt
BACKGROUND: The Ruff Figural Fluency Test (RFFT; a pencil and paper test) and the CogState (a computerized cognitive test battery) are well-validated and suitable tests to evaluate cognitive functioning in large observational studies at the population level. The LifeLines Cohort Study includes the RFFT as baseline measurement and incorporated the CogState as replacement for the RFFT at follow-up. It is unknown how these two tests relate to each other. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the correlation between the RFFT and the CogState and the impact of demographic characteristics on this association...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454588/a-case-matched-study-examining-the-reliability-of-using-impact-to-assess-effects-of-multiple-concussions
#18
Trevor Barker, Stephen A Russo, Gaytri Barker, Mark A Rice, Mary G Jeffrey, Gordon Broderick, Travis J A Craddock
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.8 million sport and recreational concussions occur per year, creating a need for accurate diagnosis and management of concussions. Researchers and clinicians are exploring the potential dose-response cumulative effects of concussive injuries using computerized neuropsychological exams, however, results have been mixed and/or contradictory. This study starts with a large adolescent population and applies strict inclusion criteria to examine how previous mild traumatic brain injuries affect symptom reports and neurocognitive performance on the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) computerized tool...
April 28, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446229/expanding-protection-motivation-theory-investigating-an-application-to-animal-owners-and-emergency-responders-in-bushfire-emergencies
#19
Rachel Westcott, Kevin Ronan, Hilary Bambrick, Melanie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) was developed by Rogers in 1975, to describe how individuals are motivated to react in a self-protective way towards a perceived health threat. Rogers expected the use of PMT to diversify over time, which has proved true over four decades. The purpose of this paper is to explore how PMT can be used and expanded to inform and improve public safety strategies in natural hazards. As global climate change impacts on the Australian environment, natural hazards seem to be increasing in scale and frequency, and Emergency Services' public education campaigns have necessarily escalated to keep pace with perceived public threat...
April 26, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376928/-these-people-you-just-guide-them-until-they-become-these-people-learning-to-become-a-frequent-indoor-tanner
#20
Jerod L Stapleton, Benjamin F Crabtree
BACKGROUND: Many young women experiment with using indoor tanning beds with some becoming regular users. There is a dearth of research focused on factors related to the development of regular tanning. This study was designed to gain an in-depth understanding of the experiences of a regular indoor tanning bed user for the purpose of discovering working hypotheses related to the development of this behavior. The article thesis is that initial interactions with tanning salon employees transmit insider knowledge that serves to encourage the regular use of indoor tanning beyond experimentation...
April 4, 2017: BMC Psychology
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