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BMC Psychology

Federica Ferrari, Flavia Faccio, Fedro Peccatori, Gabriella Pravettoni
BACKGROUND: Cancer during pregnancy is a rare event. However, knowledge about treatment has progressed in recent years with improved maternal and neonatal outcomes. The number of women who decide to continue their pregnancy and undergo cancer treatment is increasing. MAIN BODY: Women face two critical events simultaneously; oncological illness and pregnancy, with different and conflicting emotions. In addition, the last trimester of gestation sets the ground for construction of the mother-child relationship, which is of great importance for the child's development...
March 16, 2018: BMC Psychology
Laura Whybra, Georgina Warner, Gretchen Bjornstad, Tim Hobbs, Lucy Brook, Zoe Wrigley, Vashti Berry, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Justin Matthews, Rod Taylor, Tim Eames, Angeliki Kallitsoglou, Sarah Blower, Nick Axford
BACKGROUND: There is a need to build the evidence base of early interventions to promote children's health and development in the UK. Chance UK is a voluntary sector organisation based in London that delivers a 12-month mentoring programme for primary school children identified by teachers and parents as having behavioural and emotional difficulties. The aim of the study is to determine the effectiveness of the programme in terms of children's behaviour and emotional well-being; this is the primary outcome of the trial...
March 12, 2018: BMC Psychology
Christine Sundgot-Borgen, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Kethe M E Engen, Gunn Pettersen, Oddgeir Friborg, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Elin Kolle, Niva Piran, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Jan H Rosenvinge
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating raise the risk for eating disorders. In the prevention of eating disorders, many programmes have proved partly successful in using cognitive techniques to combat such risk factors. However, specific strategies to actively promote a positive body image are rarely used. The present paper outlines a protocol for a programme integrating the promotion of a positive body image and the prevention of disordered eating. METHODS AND DESIGN: Using a cluster randomized controlled mixed methods design, 30 high schools and 2481 12th grade students were allocated to the Healthy Body Image programme or to a control condition...
March 6, 2018: BMC Psychology
David Berle, Dominic Hilbrink, Clare Russell-Williams, Rachael Kiely, Laura Hardaker, Natasha Garwood, Anne Gilchrist, Zachary Steel
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear to what extent treatment-related gains in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms translate to improvements in broader domains of personal wellbeing, such as community connectedness, life achievement and security. We sought to determine whether: 1. personal wellbeing improves during the course of a treatment program and 2. changes in core symptom domains (PTSD, anxiety and depression) were associated with improvements in overall personal wellbeing...
March 2, 2018: BMC Psychology
Inga Steppacher, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: The extent to which people ascribe mind to others has been shown to predict the extent to which human rights are conferred. Therefore, in the context of disorders of consciousness (DOC), mind ascription can influence end of life decisions. A previous US-American study indicated that participants ascribed even less mind to patients with unresponsive-wakefulness-syndrome (UWS) than to the dead. Results were explained in terms of implicit dualism and religious beliefs, as highly religious people ascribed least mind to UWS...
February 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
Rebecca Guest, Yvonne Tran, Bamini Gopinath, Ian D Cameron, Ashley Craig
BACKGROUND: Physical injury and psychological disorder following a motor vehicle crash (MVC) is a public health concern. The objective of this research was to determine rates of major depressive disorder (MDD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults with MVC-related injury engaged in compensation, and to determine the capacity (e.g. sensitivity and specificity) of two psychometric scales for estimating the presence of MDD and PTSD. METHODS: Participants included 109 adults with MVC-related injury engaged in compensation during 2015 to 2017, in Sydney, Australia...
February 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
Nick Axford, Georgina Warner, Tim Hobbs, Sarah Heilmann, Anam Raja, Vashti Berry, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Justin Matthews, Tim Eames, Angeliki Kallitsoglou, Sarah Blower, Tom Wilkinson, Luke Timmons, Gretchen Bjornstad
BACKGROUND: There is a need to build the evidence base of early interventions promoting children's health and development in the UK. Malachi Specialist Family Support Services ('Malachi') is a voluntary sector organisation based in the UK that delivers a therapeutic parenting group programme called Inspiring Futures to parents of children identified as having behavioural and emotional difficulties. The programme comprises two parts, delivered sequentially: (1) a group-based programme for all parents for 10-12 weeks, and (2) one-to-one sessions with selected parents from the group-based element for up to 12 weeks...
February 20, 2018: BMC Psychology
Tanya R Berry, Kelvin E Jones, Kerry S Courneya, Kerry R McGannon, Colleen M Norris, Wendy M Rodgers, John C Spence
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this research was to examine the relationships of self-reported physical activity to involvement with messages that discuss the prevention of heart disease and breast cancer through physical activity, the explicit believability of the messages, and agreement (or disagreement) with specific statements about the messages or disease beliefs in general. METHODS: A within subjects' design was used. Participants (N = 96) read either a breast cancer or heart disease message first, then completed a corresponding task that measured agreement or disagreement and confidence in the agreement or disagreement that 1) physical activity 'reduces risk/does not reduce risk' of breast cancer or heart disease, 2) that breast cancer or heart disease is a 'real/not real risk for me', 3) that women who get breast cancer or heart disease are 'like/not like me', and 4) that women who get breast cancer or heart disease are 'to blame/not to blame'...
January 18, 2018: BMC Psychology
Anne Geard, Marit Kirkevold, Marianne Løvstad, Anne-Kristine Schanke
BACKGROUND: It is a challenge for both individuals and families when an illness or traumatic injury results in a severe spinal cord injury. The on-going physical impairments experienced by persons with spinal cord injury play themselves out over time. Few qualitative studies have explored how health, resilience and wellbeing interplay across time among persons living with the consequences of severe physical injuries. Thus, the aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of how individuals with spinal cord injury reflect upon the efforts, strategies and agency they perform to sustain long term resilience and wellbeing...
January 4, 2018: BMC Psychology
Charlotte Booth, Annabel Songco, Sam Parsons, Lauren Heathcote, John Vincent, Robert Keers, Elaine Fox
BACKGROUND: Optimal psychological development is dependent upon a complex interplay between individual and situational factors. Investigating the development of these factors in adolescence will help to improve understanding of emotional vulnerability and resilience. The CogBIAS longitudinal study (CogBIAS-L-S) aims to combine cognitive and genetic approaches to investigate risk and protective factors associated with the development of mood and impulsivity-related outcomes in an adolescent sample...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychology
Bjarne Schmalbach, Markus Zenger, Roy Spina, Ileana Steffens-Guerra, Sören Kliem, Michalis Michaelides, Andreas Hinz
BACKGROUND: The Regulatory Focus Questionnaire (RFQ) assesses regulatory promotion and prevention focus, which represent orientations towards gains or losses. The main objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the newly translated German version. METHODS: A sample of 1024 participants answered the questionnaire and several related instruments. We used an online survey tool to collect this data. Data analysis was conducted using methods of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis in SPSS and AMOS...
December 19, 2017: BMC Psychology
Ulrica Paulsson-Do, Birgitta Edlund, Christina Stenhammar, Ragnar Westerling
BACKGROUND: Factors that influence unhealthy behaviours in adolescents may have different impacts in different sociocultural settings. There is lack of research on the association between psychosocial vulnerability and unhealthy behaviours in adolescents, particularly outside the United States. The aim was to investigate both direct and indirect relationships between psychosocial conditions (subjective well-being, social relationships and self-esteem) and four health-related behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, meal frequency and physical activity) in Swedish adolescents aged 15-16 years...
December 15, 2017: BMC Psychology
Xiu Yun Wu, Sara F L Kirk, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health constitutes a considerable global public health burden with approximately half of all cases of poor mental health having their onset before the age of 14 years. The identification of modifiable risk factors early in life is therefore essential to prevention, however, there are presently very few longitudinal studies on health behaviours for mental health to inform public health decision makers and to justify preventive action. We examined the importance of diet quality, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours in childhood for internalizing disorder throughout adolescence...
December 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
Chiara Renzi, Giada Perinel, Paola Arnaboldi, Sara Gandini, Valeria Vadilonga, Nicole Rotmensz, Angela Tagini, Florence Didier, Gabriella Pravettoni
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer diagnosis and treatment represent stressful events that demand emotional adjustment, thus recruiting coping strategies and defense mechanisms. As parental relations were shown to influence emotion regulation patterns and adaptive processes in adulthood, the present study investigated whether they are specifically associated to coping and defense mechanisms in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: One hundred and ten women hospitalized for breast cancer surgery were administered questionnaires assessing coping with cancer, defense mechanisms, and memories of parental bonding in childhood...
November 9, 2017: BMC Psychology
Roxanna Morote, Odin Hjemdal, Karolina Krysinska, Patricia Martinez Uribe, Jozef Corveleyn
BACKGROUND: Hope and resilience protect against inner vulnerabilities or harsh life circumstances; they explain individual differences in physical or mental health outcomes under high stress. They have been studied in complementary or competing theoretical frameworks; therefore, the study of measures of hope and resilience should be undertaken prior to explore if they are truly value-added for research. This study investigates the convergent and incremental validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) and the Herth Hope Scale (HHS), in the prediction of anxiety and depression (HSCL-25)...
October 27, 2017: BMC Psychology
Geoff Lindsay, Vasiliki Totsika
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence for the efficacy and effectiveness of targeted parenting programmes but much less evidence regarding universal parenting programmes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the CANparent Trial of 12 universal parenting programmes, which were made available to parents of all children aged 0-6 years in three local authorities in England. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of universal parenting programmes on this scale...
October 23, 2017: BMC Psychology
Yu-Chu Shen, Jeremy Arkes, Paul B Lester
BACKGROUND: Psychological health is vital for effective employees, especially in stressful occupations like military and public safety sectors. Yet, until recently little empirical work has made the link between requisite psychological resources and important mental health outcomes across time in those sectors. In this study we explore the association between 14 baseline psychological health attributes (such as adaptability, coping ability, optimism) and mental health outcomes following exposure to combat deployment...
October 5, 2017: BMC Psychology
Lauren Schumacher, Maria Armaou, Pauline Rolf, Steven Sadhra, Andrew John Sutton, Anjali Zarkar, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
BACKGROUND: Returning to work after cancer is associated with improved physical and psychological functioning, but managing this return can be a challenging process. A workbook based intervention (WorkPlan) was developed to support return-to-work among cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to explore how participants using the workbook engaged with the intervention and utilised the content of the intervention in their plan to return-to-work. METHODS: As part of a feasibility randomised controlled trial, 23 participants from the intervention group were interviewed 4-weeks post intervention...
October 4, 2017: BMC Psychology
Melissa Kimber, Jill R McTavish, Jennifer Couturier, Alison Boven, Sana Gill, Gina Dimitropoulos, Harriet L MacMillan
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment and eating disorders are significant public health problems. Yet, to date, research has focused on the role of child physical and sexual abuse in eating-related pathology. This is despite the fact that globally, exposure to emotional abuse, emotional neglect and intimate partner violence are the three of the most common forms of child maltreatment. The objective of the present study is to systematically identify and critically review the literature examining the association between child emotional abuse (EA), emotional neglect (EN), and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and adult eating-disordered behavior and eating disorders...
September 22, 2017: BMC Psychology
Georgios Markozannes, Eleni Aretouli, Evangelia Rintou, Elena Dragioti, Dimitrios Damigos, Evangelia Ntzani, Evangelos Evangelou, Konstantinos K Tsilidis
BACKGROUND: Psychological interventions are widely implemented for pain management and treatment, but their reported effectiveness shows considerable variation and there is elevated likelihood for bias. METHODS: We summarized the strength of evidence and extent of potential biases in the published literature of psychological interventions for pain treatment using a range of criteria, including the statistical significance of the random effects summary estimate and of the largest study of each meta-analysis, number of participants, 95% prediction intervals, between-study heterogeneity, small-study effects and excess significance bias...
August 31, 2017: BMC Psychology
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