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BMC Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301561/exploring-narratives-of-resilience-among-seven-males-living-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study
#1
Anne Geard, Marit Kirkevold, Marianne Løvstad, Anne-Kristine Schanke
BACKGROUND: It is a challenge for both individuals and families when an illness or traumatic injury results in a severe spinal cord injury. The on-going physical impairments experienced by persons with spinal cord injury play themselves out over time. Few qualitative studies have explored how health, resilience and wellbeing interplay across time among persons living with the consequences of severe physical injuries. Thus, the aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of how individuals with spinal cord injury reflect upon the efforts, strategies and agency they perform to sustain long term resilience and wellbeing...
January 4, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284537/the-cogbias-longitudinal-study-protocol-cognitive-and-genetic-factors-influencing-psychological-functioning-in-adolescence
#2
Charlotte Booth, Annabel Songco, Sam Parsons, Lauren Heathcote, John Vincent, Robert Keers, Elaine Fox
BACKGROUND: Optimal psychological development is dependent upon a complex interplay between individual and situational factors. Investigating the development of these factors in adolescence will help to improve understanding of emotional vulnerability and resilience. The CogBIAS longitudinal study (CogBIAS-L-S) aims to combine cognitive and genetic approaches to investigate risk and protective factors associated with the development of mood and impulsivity-related outcomes in an adolescent sample...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258582/gain-1-or-avoid-1-validation-of-the-german-regulatory-focus-questionnaire-rfq
#3
Bjarne Schmalbach, Markus Zenger, Roy Spina, Ileana Steffens-Guerra, Sören Kliem, Michalis Michaelides, Andreas Hinz
BACKGROUND: The Regulatory Focus Questionnaire (RFQ) assesses regulatory promotion and prevention focus, which represent orientations towards gains or losses. The main objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the newly translated German version. METHODS: A sample of 1024 participants answered the questionnaire and several related instruments. We used an online survey tool to collect this data. Data analysis was conducted using methods of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis in SPSS and AMOS...
December 19, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246175/psychosocial-vulnerability-underlying-four-common-unhealthy-behaviours-in-15-16-year-old-swedish-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ulrica Paulsson-Do, Birgitta Edlund, Christina Stenhammar, Ragnar Westerling
BACKGROUND: Factors that influence unhealthy behaviours in adolescents may have different impacts in different sociocultural settings. There is lack of research on the association between psychosocial vulnerability and unhealthy behaviours in adolescents, particularly outside the United States. The aim was to investigate both direct and indirect relationships between psychosocial conditions (subjective well-being, social relationships and self-esteem) and four health-related behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, meal frequency and physical activity) in Swedish adolescents aged 15-16 years...
December 15, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233173/the-importance-of-health-behaviours-in-childhood-for-the-development-of-internalizing-disorders-during-adolescence
#5
Xiu Yun Wu, Sara F L Kirk, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health constitutes a considerable global public health burden with approximately half of all cases of poor mental health having their onset before the age of 14 years. The identification of modifiable risk factors early in life is therefore essential to prevention, however, there are presently very few longitudinal studies on health behaviours for mental health to inform public health decision makers and to justify preventive action. We examined the importance of diet quality, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours in childhood for internalizing disorder throughout adolescence...
December 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122005/memories-of-paternal-relations-are-associated-with-coping-and-defense-mechanisms-in-breast-cancer-patients-an-observational-study
#6
Chiara Renzi, Giada Perinel, Paola Arnaboldi, Sara Gandini, Valeria Vadilonga, Nicole Rotmensz, Angela Tagini, Florence Didier, Gabriella Pravettoni
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer diagnosis and treatment represent stressful events that demand emotional adjustment, thus recruiting coping strategies and defense mechanisms. As parental relations were shown to influence emotion regulation patterns and adaptive processes in adulthood, the present study investigated whether they are specifically associated to coping and defense mechanisms in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: One hundred and ten women hospitalized for breast cancer surgery were administered questionnaires assessing coping with cancer, defense mechanisms, and memories of parental bonding in childhood...
November 9, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078801/resilience-or-hope-incremental-and-convergent-validity-of-the-resilience-scale-for-adults-rsa-and-the-herth-hope-scale-hhs-in-the-prediction-of-anxiety-and-depression
#7
Roxanna Morote, Odin Hjemdal, Karolina Krysinska, Patricia Martinez Uribe, Jozef Corveleyn
BACKGROUND: Hope and resilience protect against inner vulnerabilities or harsh life circumstances; they explain individual differences in physical or mental health outcomes under high stress. They have been studied in complementary or competing theoretical frameworks; therefore, the study of measures of hope and resilience should be undertaken prior to explore if they are truly value-added for research. This study investigates the convergent and incremental validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) and the Herth Hope Scale (HHS), in the prediction of anxiety and depression (HSCL-25)...
October 27, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058642/the-effectiveness-of-universal-parenting-programmes-the-canparent-trial
#8
Geoff Lindsay, Vasiliki Totsika
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence for the efficacy and effectiveness of targeted parenting programmes but much less evidence regarding universal parenting programmes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the CANparent Trial of 12 universal parenting programmes, which were made available to parents of all children aged 0-6 years in three local authorities in England. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of universal parenting programmes on this scale...
October 23, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978357/association-between-baseline-psychological-attributes-and-mental-health-outcomes-after-soldiers-returned-from-deployment
#9
Yu-Chu Shen, Jeremy Arkes, Paul B Lester
BACKGROUND: Psychological health is vital for effective employees, especially in stressful occupations like military and public safety sectors. Yet, until recently little empirical work has made the link between requisite psychological resources and important mental health outcomes across time in those sectors. In this study we explore the association between 14 baseline psychological health attributes (such as adaptability, coping ability, optimism) and mental health outcomes following exposure to combat deployment...
October 5, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978353/usefulness-and-engagement-with-a-guided-workbook-intervention-workplan-to-support-work-related-goals-among-cancer-survivors
#10
Lauren Schumacher, Maria Armaou, Pauline Rolf, Steven Sadhra, Andrew John Sutton, Anjali Zarkar, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
BACKGROUND: Returning to work after cancer is associated with improved physical and psychological functioning, but managing this return can be a challenging process. A workbook based intervention (WorkPlan) was developed to support return-to-work among cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to explore how participants using the workbook engaged with the intervention and utilised the content of the intervention in their plan to return-to-work. METHODS: As part of a feasibility randomised controlled trial, 23 participants from the intervention group were interviewed 4-weeks post intervention...
October 4, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938897/consequences-of-child-emotional-abuse-emotional-neglect-and-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-critical-review
#11
Melissa Kimber, Jill R McTavish, Jennifer Couturier, Alison Boven, Sana Gill, Gina Dimitropoulos, Harriet L MacMillan
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment and eating disorders are significant public health problems. Yet, to date, research has focused on the role of child physical and sexual abuse in eating-related pathology. This is despite the fact that globally, exposure to emotional abuse, emotional neglect and intimate partner violence are the three of the most common forms of child maltreatment. The objective of the present study is to systematically identify and critically review the literature examining the association between child emotional abuse (EA), emotional neglect (EN), and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and adult eating-disordered behavior and eating disorders...
September 22, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859685/an-umbrella-review-of-the-literature-on-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-for-pain-reduction
#12
Georgios Markozannes, Eleni Aretouli, Evangelia Rintou, Elena Dragioti, Dimitrios Damigos, Evangelia Ntzani, Evangelos Evangelou, Konstantinos K Tsilidis
BACKGROUND: Psychological interventions are widely implemented for pain management and treatment, but their reported effectiveness shows considerable variation and there is elevated likelihood for bias. METHODS: We summarized the strength of evidence and extent of potential biases in the published literature of psychological interventions for pain treatment using a range of criteria, including the statistical significance of the random effects summary estimate and of the largest study of each meta-analysis, number of participants, 95% prediction intervals, between-study heterogeneity, small-study effects and excess significance bias...
August 31, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841921/growing-up-hiv-positive-in-uganda-psychological-immunodeficiency-a-qualitative-study
#13
Birthe Loa Knizek, James Mugisha, Joseph Osafo, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: This study is part of a longitudinal study among children and adolescents with HIV in both urban and rural Uganda: 'Mental health among HIV infected CHildren and Adolescents in KAmpala and Masaka, Uganda (CHAKA)'. METHOD: The study is constructed of both quantitative and qualitative components. In this article we report a qualitative study on the experiences of 21 adolescents (twelve to seventeen years) living with HIV in Uganda. The purpose of the study was to investigate both the protective and the risk factors in HIV-infected adolescents' care environment in order to understand what might contribute to negative outcomes and what might provide a protective buffer against harmful life events...
August 25, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784179/testing-the-impact-of-a-social-skill-training-versus-waiting-list-control-group-for-the-reduction-of-disruptive-behaviors-and-stress-among-preschool-children-in-child-care-the-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#14
Sylvana M Côté, Marie-Pier Larose, Marie Claude Geoffroy, Julie Laurin, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Isabelle Ouellet-Morin
BACKGROUND: Most preschoolers growing up in western industrialized countries receive child care services (CCS) during the day, while their parents are at work. Meta-analytic data suggest that CCS represent a stressful experience for preschoolers. This may be because preschoolers have not yet developed the social skills necessary to cope with the new and rapidly fluctuating social contexts of CCS. We tested the effectiveness of a child care-based social skill training program aiming to improve children's social behaviors and reduce the stress they experience...
August 7, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778213/the-effect-of-recall-reproduction-and-restudy-on-word-learning-a-pre-registered-study
#15
Saloni Krishnan, Kate E Watkins, Dorothy V M Bishop
BACKGROUND: Certain manipulations, such as testing oneself on newly learned word associations (recall), or the act of repeating a word during training (reproduction), can lead to better learning and retention relative to simply providing more exposure to the word (restudy). Such benefit has been observed for written words. Here, we test how these training manipulations affect learning of words presented aurally, when participants are required to produce these novel phonological forms in a recall task...
August 4, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768547/assisting-an-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-person-with-gambling-problems-a-delphi-study
#16
Kathy S Bond, Katrina M Dart, Anthony F Jorm, Claire M Kelly, Betty A Kitchener, Nicola J Reavley
BACKGROUND: Gambling problems appear to be more prevalent in the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population than in the non-Indigenous population. Although gambling harms can be significant, treatment-seeking rates are low. The Delphi expert consensus method was used to develop a set of guidelines on how a family or community member can assist an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander person with gambling problems. METHODS: Building on a previous systematic review of websites, books and journal articles a questionnaire was developed that contained items about the knowledge, skills and actions needed for supporting an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander person with gambling problems...
August 2, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768522/exploring-the-reliability-and-acceptability-of-cognitive-tests-for-indigenous-australians-a-pilot-study
#17
Kylie M Dingwall, Allison O Gray, Annette R McCarthy, Jennifer F Delima, Stephen C Bowden
BACKGROUND: Reliable cognitive assessment for Indigenous Australians is difficult given that mainstream tests typically rely on Western concepts, content and values. A test's psychometric properties should therefore be assessed prior to use in other cultures. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the reliability and acceptability of four cognitive tests for Australian Aboriginal people. METHODS: Participants were 40 male and 44 female (N = 84) Aboriginal patients from Alice Springs Hospital...
August 2, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743291/theory-based-interventions-for-caries-related-sugar-intake-in-adults-systematic-review
#18
Said Hartih Al Rawahi, Koula Asimakopoulou, Jonathon Timothy Newton
BACKGROUND: Theories of behavior change are essential in the design of effective behaviour change strategies. No studies have assessed the effectiveness of interventions based on psychological theories to reduce sugar intake related to dental caries. The study assessed the effect of interventions based on Social Congition Models (SCMs) on sugar intake in adults, when compared with educational interventions or no intervention. METHODS: A range of papers were considered: Systematic review Systematic Reviews with or without Meta Analyses; Randomised Controlled Trials; Controlled Clinical Trials and Before and after studies, of interventions based on Social Cognition Models aimed at dietary intake of sugar in adults...
July 25, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679446/illness-beliefs-among-patients-with-chronic-widespread-pain-associations-with-self-reported-health-status-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-impact-of-pain
#19
P Järemo, M Arman, B Gerdle, B Larsson, K Gottberg
BACKGROUND: Chronic widespread pain (CWP) is a disabling condition associated with a decrease in health. Illness beliefs are individual and are acquired during life. Constraining beliefs may prevent patients from regaining health. Understanding these patients' illness beliefs may be a way to improve the health care they are offered. The aim of this study was to describe illness beliefs among patients with CWP and associations with self-reported health, anxiety and depressive symptoms, and impact of pain...
July 5, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673334/population-levels-of-wellbeing-and-the-association-with-social-capital
#20
A W Taylor, G Kelly, E Dal Grande, D Kelly, T Marin, N Hey, K J Burke, J Licinio
BACKGROUND: This research investigates wellbeing at the population level across demographic, social and health indicators and assesses the association between wellbeing and social capital. METHOD: Data from a South Australian monthly chronic disease/risk factor surveillance system of randomly selected adults (mean age 48.7 years; range 16-99) from 2014/5 (n = 5551) were used. Univariable analyses compared wellbeing/social capital indicators, socio-demographic, risk factors and chronic conditions...
July 3, 2017: BMC Psychology
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