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BMC Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29976252/systematic-review-of-resilience-enhancing-universal-primary-school-based-mental-health-promotion-programs
#1
Amanda Fenwick-Smith, Emma E Dahlberg, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Wellbeing and resilience are essential in preventing and reducing the severity of mental health problems. Equipping children with coping skills and protective behavior can help them react positively to change and obstacles in life, allowing greater mental, social and academic success. This systematic review studies the implementation and evaluation of universal, resilience-focused mental health promotion programs based in primary schools. METHODS: A systematic review of literature used five primary databases: PsycINFO; Web of Science; PubMed; Medline; Embase and The Cochrane Library; and keywords related to (a) health education, health promotion, mental health, mental health promotion, social and emotional wellbeing; (b) school health service, student, schools, whole-school; (c) adolescent, child, school child, pre-adolescent; (d) emotional intelligence, coping behavior, emotional adjustment, resilienc*, problem solving, to identify relevant articles...
July 5, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914566/a-protocol-for-a-three-arm-cluster-randomized-controlled-superiority-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-two-pedagogical-methodologies-in-swedish-preschool-settings-on-language-and-communication-executive-functions-auditive-selective-attention-socioemotional
#2
Tove Gerholm, Thomas Hörberg, Signe Tonér, Petter Kallioinen, Sofia Frankenberg, Susanne Kjällander, Anna Palmer, Hillevi Lenz Taguchi
BACKGROUND: During the preschool years, children develop abilities and skills in areas crucial for later success in life. These abilities include language, executive functions, attention, and socioemotional skills. The pedagogical methods used in preschools hold the potential to enhance these abilities, but our knowledge of which pedagogical practices aid which abilities, and for which children, is limited. The aim of this paper is to describe an intervention study designed to evaluate and compare two pedagogical methodologies in terms of their effect on the above-mentioned skills in Swedish preschool children...
June 19, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914574/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-post-natal-depression-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
George Stamou, Azucena García-Palacios, Cristina Botella
BACKGROUND: Post-natal Depression (PND) is a depressive disorder that causes significant distress or impairment on different levels in the individual's life and their families. There is already evidence of the efficacy of psychological treatments for PND. We conducted a narrative review and researched the literature for identifying systematic reviews and studies for the best psychological treatments of PND, and examined what parameters made those treatments successful. METHODS: We searched 4 electronic databases...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884233/validity-and-reliability-of-the-greek-translation-of-the-job-satisfaction-survey-jss
#4
Andreas Tsounis, Pavlos Sarafis
BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction is fundamental to employee well-being and successful operation of an organization. The use of effective tools for assessing it is imperative for management research. Our main purpose was to translate and adapt the Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) questionnaire to the Greek language and to test its psychometric properties. METHODS: The tool was translated into Greek and then back into English by different bilingual translators. The Greek JSS was tested with a sample of 239 employees of various specialties in drug addiction treatment...
June 8, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871664/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-german-and-turkish-versions-of-the-phq-9-an-irt-approach
#5
Hanna Reich, Winfried Rief, Elmar Brähler, Ricarda Mewes
BACKGROUND: The Patient Health Questionnaire's depression module (PHQ-9) is a widely used screening tool to assess depressive disorders. However, cross-linguistic and cross-cultural validation of the PHQ-9 is mostly lacking. This study investigates whether scores on the German and Turkish versions of the PHQ-9 are comparable. METHODS: Data from Germans without a migration background (German version, n = 1670) and Turkish immigrants in Germany (either German or Turkish version, n = 307) were used...
June 5, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792226/treatment-of-depression-and-or-anxiety-outcomes-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-tree-theme-method%C3%A2-versus-regular-occupational-therapy
#6
A Birgitta Gunnarsson, Petra Wagman, Katarina Hedin, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders are a major concern in western countries, and because these often have a negative affect on everyday life interventions based on activities in everyday life are needed. The Tree Theme Method® (TTM) is a client-centred occupational therapy intervention designed to increase the ability to cope with, and to enhance satisfaction with, everyday life, both at home and at work. The aim of this study was to compare the short term outcomes of the TTM intervention with regular occupational therapy treatment for people with depression and/or anxiety disorders...
May 23, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#7
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784047/memory-related-subjective-cognitive-symptoms-in-the-adult-population-prevalence-and-associated-factors-results-of-the-life-adult-study
#8
Tobias Luck, Susanne Roehr, Francisca S Rodriguez, Matthias L Schroeter, A Veronica Witte, Andreas Hinz, Anja Mehnert, Christoph Engel, Markus Loeffler, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Subjectively perceived memory problems (memory-related Subjective Cognitive Symptoms/SCS) can be an indicator of a pre-prodromal or prodromal stage of a neurodegenerative disease such as Alzheimer's disease. We therefore sought to provide detailed empirical information on memory-related SCS in the dementia-free adult population including information on prevalence rates, associated factors and others. METHODS: We studied 8834 participants (40-79 years) of the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724234/an-empirical-examination-of-the-conceptualization-of-companion-animals
#9
Ruben Hoffmann, Carl Johan Lagerkvist, Malin Hagberg Gustavsson, Bodil S Holst
BACKGROUND: The extensive keeping of companion animals and the substantial monetary amount we spend on these animals indicate that they are highly valued. Although the benefits humans derive from keeping cats and dogs have been extensively studied, how we conceptualize these animals has received limited attention. How people conceptualize cats and dogs is important as it influences human behavior and the well-being of humans as well as animals. The objective of this paper was to examine the conceptual meaning of dogs and cats and the relative importance of meanings assigned to these species...
May 4, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724228/randomized-control-trial-of-computer-based-training-targeting-alertness-in-older-adults-the-alert-trial-protocol
#10
Thomas VanVleet, Michelle Voss, Sawsan Dabit, Alex Mitko, Joseph DeGutis
BACKGROUND: Healthy aging is associated with a decline in multiple functional domains including perception, attention, short and long-term memory, reasoning, decision-making, as well as cognitive and motor control functions; all of which are significantly modulated by an individual's level of alertness. The control of alertness also significantly declines with age and contributes to increased lapses of attention in everyday life, ranging from minor memory slips to a lack of vigilance and increased risk of falls or motor-vehicle accidents...
May 3, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720255/enhanced-early-visual-processing-in-response-to-snake-and-trypophobic-stimuli
#11
Jan W Van Strien, Manja K Van der Peijl
BACKGROUND: Trypophobia refers to aversion to clusters of holes. We investigated whether trypophobic stimuli evoke augmented early posterior negativity (EPN). METHODS: Twenty-four participants filled out a trypophobia questionnaire and watched the random rapid serial presentation of 450 trypophobic pictures, 450 pictures of poisonous animals, 450 pictures of snakes, and 450 pictures of small birds (1800 pictures in total, at a rate of 3 pictures/s). The EPN was scored as the mean activity at occipital electrodes (PO3, O1, Oz, PO4, O2) in the 225-300 ms time window after picture onset...
May 2, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716660/a-blended-psychosocial-support-program-for-partners-of-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-progressive-muscular-atrophy-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jessica de Wit, Anita Beelen, Constance H C Drossaert, Ruud Kolijn, Leonard H van den Berg, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Carin D Schröder
BACKGROUND: Informal caregivers of patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or Progressive Muscular Atrophy (PMA) face stressful demands due to severe impairments and prospect of early death of the patients they care for. Caregivers often experience feelings of psychological distress and caregiver burden, but supportive interventions are lacking. The objective of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of a psychosocial support program aimed at enhancing feelings of control over caregiving tasks and reducing psychological distress...
May 2, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716654/psychological-health-is-associated-with-knee-pain-and-physical-function-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study
#13
Hirotaka Iijima, Tomoki Aoyama, Naoto Fukutani, Takuya Isho, Yuko Yamamoto, Masakazu Hiraoka, Kazuyuki Miyanobu, Masashi Jinnouchi, Eishi Kaneda, Hiroshi Kuroki, Shuichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are a major comorbidity in older adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, the type of activity-induced knee pain associated with depression has not been examined. Furthermore, there is conflicting evidence regarding the association between depression and performance-based physical function. This study aimed to examine (i) the association between depressive symptoms and knee pain intensity, particularly task-specific knee pain during daily living, and (ii) the association between depressive symptoms and performance-based physical function, while considering other potential risk factors, including bilateral knee pain and ambulatory physical activity...
May 2, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699574/a-longitudinal-study-on-how-implicit-attitudes-and-explicit-cognitions-synergistically-influence-physical-activity-intention-and-behavior
#14
Carolin Muschalik, Iman Elfeddali, Math J J M Candel, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Strategies to promote physical activity (PA) focus mainly on changing or fostering explicit cognitions and are only modestly effective. Contemporary studies suggest that, as well as explicit cognitions, implicit cognitions influence health behavior, such as PA, and that implicit processes interact with the intention to be active. Relatively little is known about whether implicit processes interact with other explicit cognitions which determine PA intention and behavior, i...
April 25, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678202/using-ryff-s-scales-of-psychological-well-being-in-adolescents-in-mainland-china
#15
Jie Gao, Ros McLellan
BACKGROUND: Psychological well-being in adolescence has always been a focus of public attention and academic research. Ryff's six-factor model of psychological well-being potentially provides a comprehensive theoretical framework for investigating positive functioning of adolescents. However, previous studies reported inconsistent findings of the reliability and validity of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-being (SPWB). The present study aimed to explore whether Ryff's six-factor model of psychological well-being could be applied in Chinese adolescents...
April 20, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665851/psychological-distress-increases-the-risk-of-falling-into-poverty-amongst-older-australians-the-overlooked-costs-of-illness
#16
Emily J Callander, Deborah J Schofield
BACKGROUND: This paper aimed to identify whether high psychological distress is associated with an increased risk of income and multidimensional poverty amongst older adults in Australia. METHODS: We undertook longitudinal analysis of the nationally representative Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australian (HILDA) survey using modified Poisson regression models to estimate the relative risk of falling into income poverty and multidimensional poverty between 2010 and 2012 for males and females, adjusting for age, employment status, place of residence, marital status and housing tenure; and Population Attributable Risk methodology to estimate the proportion of poverty directly attributable to psychological distress, measured by the Kessler 10 scale...
April 17, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631618/agreement-between-parent-and-child-report-of-physical-activity-sedentary-and-dietary-behaviours-in-9-12-year-old-children-and-associations-with-children-s-weight-status
#17
Maaike Koning, Astrid de Jong, Elske de Jong, Tommy L S Visscher, Jacob C Seidell, Carry M Renders
BACKGROUND: To date, population based surveys aimed at gaining insight in health related behaviour of children have often used either child self-reports or parent proxy reports. It remains unclear however, if surveys using different sources of information from either parents or children are comparable. In addition, (over)weight status of children can lead to under- and over reporting by parents and children as a result of social desirability bias. We aimed at gaining insight in the level of agreement between parents and child reports regarding aspects of certain dietary, physical activity and sedentary behaviours, and whether there are differences in agreement between parents and child reports in healthy-weight and overweight children...
April 10, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622047/a-randomised-active-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effects-of-an-online-mindfulness-intervention-on-executive-control-critical-thinking-and-key-thinking-dispositions-in-a-university-student-sample
#18
Chris Noone, Michael J Hogan
BACKGROUND: Arguments for including mindfulness instruction in higher education have included claims about the benefits of mindfulness practice for critical thinking. While there is theoretical support for this claim, empirical support is limited. The aim of this study was to test this claim by investigating the effects of an online mindfulness intervention on executive function, critical thinking skills and associated thinking dispositions. METHOD: Participants recruited from a university were randomly allocated, following screening, to either a mindfulness meditation group or a sham meditation group...
April 5, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615136/promoting-psychosocial-well-being-following-stroke-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Marit Kirkevold, Line Kildal Bragstad, Berit A Bronken, Kari Kvigne, Randi Martinsen, Ellen Gabrielsen Hjelle, Gabriele Kitzmüller, Margrete Mangset, Sanne Angel, Lena Aadal, Siren Eriksen, Torgeir B Wyller, Unni Sveen
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major public health threat globally. Psychosocial well-being may be affected following stroke. Depressive symptoms, anxiety, general psychological distress and social isolation are prevalent. Approximately one third report depressive symptoms and 20% report anxiety during the first months or years after the stroke. Psychosocial difficulties may impact significantly on long-term functioning and quality of life, reduce the effects of rehabilitation services and lead to higher mortality rates...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587884/effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-people-with-long-term-conditions-rapid-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#20
Niall Anderson, Gozde Ozakinci
BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions may negatively impact multiple aspects of quality of life including physical functioning and mental wellbeing. The rapid systematic review aimed to examine the effectiveness of psychological interventions to improve quality of life in people with long-term conditions to inform future healthcare provision and research. METHODS: EBSCOhost and OVID were used to search four databases (PsychInfo, PBSC, Medline and Embase). Relevant papers were systematically extracted by one researcher using the predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria based on titles, abstracts, and full texts...
March 27, 2018: BMC Psychology
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