journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BMC Psychology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#1
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784047/memory-related-subjective-cognitive-symptoms-in-the-adult-population-prevalence-and-associated-factors-results-of-the-life-adult-study
#2
Tobias Luck, Susanne Roehr, Francisca S Rodriguez, Matthias L Schroeter, A Veronica Witte, Andreas Hinz, Anja Mehnert, Christoph Engel, Markus Loeffler, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Subjectively perceived memory problems (memory-related Subjective Cognitive Symptoms/SCS) can be an indicator of a pre-prodromal or prodromal stage of a neurodegenerative disease such as Alzheimer's disease. We therefore sought to provide detailed empirical information on memory-related SCS in the dementia-free adult population including information on prevalence rates, associated factors and others. METHODS: We studied 8834 participants (40-79 years) of the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724234/an-empirical-examination-of-the-conceptualization-of-companion-animals
#3
Ruben Hoffmann, Carl Johan Lagerkvist, Malin Hagberg Gustavsson, Bodil S Holst
BACKGROUND: The extensive keeping of companion animals and the substantial monetary amount we spend on these animals indicate that they are highly valued. Although the benefits humans derive from keeping cats and dogs have been extensively studied, how we conceptualize these animals has received limited attention. How people conceptualize cats and dogs is important as it influences human behavior and the well-being of humans as well as animals. The objective of this paper was to examine the conceptual meaning of dogs and cats and the relative importance of meanings assigned to these species...
May 4, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724228/randomized-control-trial-of-computer-based-training-targeting-alertness-in-older-adults-the-alert-trial-protocol
#4
Thomas VanVleet, Michelle Voss, Sawsan Dabit, Alex Mitko, Joseph DeGutis
BACKGROUND: Healthy aging is associated with a decline in multiple functional domains including perception, attention, short and long-term memory, reasoning, decision-making, as well as cognitive and motor control functions; all of which are significantly modulated by an individual's level of alertness. The control of alertness also significantly declines with age and contributes to increased lapses of attention in everyday life, ranging from minor memory slips to a lack of vigilance and increased risk of falls or motor-vehicle accidents...
May 3, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720255/enhanced-early-visual-processing-in-response-to-snake-and-trypophobic-stimuli
#5
Jan W Van Strien, Manja K Van der Peijl
BACKGROUND: Trypophobia refers to aversion to clusters of holes. We investigated whether trypophobic stimuli evoke augmented early posterior negativity (EPN). METHODS: Twenty-four participants filled out a trypophobia questionnaire and watched the random rapid serial presentation of 450 trypophobic pictures, 450 pictures of poisonous animals, 450 pictures of snakes, and 450 pictures of small birds (1800 pictures in total, at a rate of 3 pictures/s). The EPN was scored as the mean activity at occipital electrodes (PO3, O1, Oz, PO4, O2) in the 225-300 ms time window after picture onset...
May 2, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716660/a-blended-psychosocial-support-program-for-partners-of-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-progressive-muscular-atrophy-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jessica de Wit, Anita Beelen, Constance H C Drossaert, Ruud Kolijn, Leonard H van den Berg, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Carin D Schröder
BACKGROUND: Informal caregivers of patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or Progressive Muscular Atrophy (PMA) face stressful demands due to severe impairments and prospect of early death of the patients they care for. Caregivers often experience feelings of psychological distress and caregiver burden, but supportive interventions are lacking. The objective of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of a psychosocial support program aimed at enhancing feelings of control over caregiving tasks and reducing psychological distress...
May 2, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716654/psychological-health-is-associated-with-knee-pain-and-physical-function-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study
#7
Hirotaka Iijima, Tomoki Aoyama, Naoto Fukutani, Takuya Isho, Yuko Yamamoto, Masakazu Hiraoka, Kazuyuki Miyanobu, Masashi Jinnouchi, Eishi Kaneda, Hiroshi Kuroki, Shuichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are a major comorbidity in older adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, the type of activity-induced knee pain associated with depression has not been examined. Furthermore, there is conflicting evidence regarding the association between depression and performance-based physical function. This study aimed to examine (i) the association between depressive symptoms and knee pain intensity, particularly task-specific knee pain during daily living, and (ii) the association between depressive symptoms and performance-based physical function, while considering other potential risk factors, including bilateral knee pain and ambulatory physical activity...
May 2, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699574/a-longitudinal-study-on-how-implicit-attitudes-and-explicit-cognitions-synergistically-influence-physical-activity-intention-and-behavior
#8
Carolin Muschalik, Iman Elfeddali, Math J J M Candel, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Strategies to promote physical activity (PA) focus mainly on changing or fostering explicit cognitions and are only modestly effective. Contemporary studies suggest that, as well as explicit cognitions, implicit cognitions influence health behavior, such as PA, and that implicit processes interact with the intention to be active. Relatively little is known about whether implicit processes interact with other explicit cognitions which determine PA intention and behavior, i...
April 25, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678202/using-ryff-s-scales-of-psychological-well-being-in-adolescents-in-mainland-china
#9
Jie Gao, Ros McLellan
BACKGROUND: Psychological well-being in adolescence has always been a focus of public attention and academic research. Ryff's six-factor model of psychological well-being potentially provides a comprehensive theoretical framework for investigating positive functioning of adolescents. However, previous studies reported inconsistent findings of the reliability and validity of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-being (SPWB). The present study aimed to explore whether Ryff's six-factor model of psychological well-being could be applied in Chinese adolescents...
April 20, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665851/psychological-distress-increases-the-risk-of-falling-into-poverty-amongst-older-australians-the-overlooked-costs-of-illness
#10
Emily J Callander, Deborah J Schofield
BACKGROUND: This paper aimed to identify whether high psychological distress is associated with an increased risk of income and multidimensional poverty amongst older adults in Australia. METHODS: We undertook longitudinal analysis of the nationally representative Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australian (HILDA) survey using modified Poisson regression models to estimate the relative risk of falling into income poverty and multidimensional poverty between 2010 and 2012 for males and females, adjusting for age, employment status, place of residence, marital status and housing tenure; and Population Attributable Risk methodology to estimate the proportion of poverty directly attributable to psychological distress, measured by the Kessler 10 scale...
April 17, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631618/agreement-between-parent-and-child-report-of-physical-activity-sedentary-and-dietary-behaviours-in-9-12-year-old-children-and-associations-with-children-s-weight-status
#11
Maaike Koning, Astrid de Jong, Elske de Jong, Tommy L S Visscher, Jacob C Seidell, Carry M Renders
BACKGROUND: To date, population based surveys aimed at gaining insight in health related behaviour of children have often used either child self-reports or parent proxy reports. It remains unclear however, if surveys using different sources of information from either parents or children are comparable. In addition, (over)weight status of children can lead to under- and over reporting by parents and children as a result of social desirability bias. We aimed at gaining insight in the level of agreement between parents and child reports regarding aspects of certain dietary, physical activity and sedentary behaviours, and whether there are differences in agreement between parents and child reports in healthy-weight and overweight children...
April 10, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622047/a-randomised-active-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effects-of-an-online-mindfulness-intervention-on-executive-control-critical-thinking-and-key-thinking-dispositions-in-a-university-student-sample
#12
Chris Noone, Michael J Hogan
BACKGROUND: Arguments for including mindfulness instruction in higher education have included claims about the benefits of mindfulness practice for critical thinking. While there is theoretical support for this claim, empirical support is limited. The aim of this study was to test this claim by investigating the effects of an online mindfulness intervention on executive function, critical thinking skills and associated thinking dispositions. METHOD: Participants recruited from a university were randomly allocated, following screening, to either a mindfulness meditation group or a sham meditation group...
April 5, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615136/promoting-psychosocial-well-being-following-stroke-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Marit Kirkevold, Line Kildal Bragstad, Berit A Bronken, Kari Kvigne, Randi Martinsen, Ellen Gabrielsen Hjelle, Gabriele Kitzmüller, Margrete Mangset, Sanne Angel, Lena Aadal, Siren Eriksen, Torgeir B Wyller, Unni Sveen
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major public health threat globally. Psychosocial well-being may be affected following stroke. Depressive symptoms, anxiety, general psychological distress and social isolation are prevalent. Approximately one third report depressive symptoms and 20% report anxiety during the first months or years after the stroke. Psychosocial difficulties may impact significantly on long-term functioning and quality of life, reduce the effects of rehabilitation services and lead to higher mortality rates...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587884/effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-people-with-long-term-conditions-rapid-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#14
Niall Anderson, Gozde Ozakinci
BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions may negatively impact multiple aspects of quality of life including physical functioning and mental wellbeing. The rapid systematic review aimed to examine the effectiveness of psychological interventions to improve quality of life in people with long-term conditions to inform future healthcare provision and research. METHODS: EBSCOhost and OVID were used to search four databases (PsychInfo, PBSC, Medline and Embase). Relevant papers were systematically extracted by one researcher using the predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria based on titles, abstracts, and full texts...
March 27, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562932/rethinking-the-treatment-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-reanalysis-and-evaluation-of-findings-from-a-recent-major-trial-of-graded-exercise-and-cbt
#15
Carolyn E Wilshire, Tom Kindlon, Robert Courtney, Alem Matthees, David Tuller, Keith Geraghty, Bruce Levin
BACKGROUND: The PACE trial was a well-powered randomised trial designed to examine the efficacy of graded exercise therapy (GET) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for chronic fatigue syndrome. Reports concluded that both treatments were moderately effective, each leading to recovery in over a fifth of patients. However, the reported analyses did not consistently follow the procedures set out in the published protocol, and it is unclear whether the conclusions are fully justified by the evidence...
March 22, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548301/psychological-issues-and-construction-of-the-mother-child-relationship-in-women-with-cancer-during-pregnancy-a-perspective-on-current-and-future-directions
#16
Federica Ferrari, Flavia Faccio, Fedro Peccatori, Gabriella Pravettoni
BACKGROUND: Cancer during pregnancy is a rare event. However, knowledge about treatment has progressed in recent years with improved maternal and neonatal outcomes. The number of women who decide to continue their pregnancy and undergo cancer treatment is increasing. MAIN BODY: Women face two critical events simultaneously; oncological illness and pregnancy, with different and conflicting emotions. In addition, the last trimester of gestation sets the ground for construction of the mother-child relationship, which is of great importance for the child's development...
March 16, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530067/the-effectiveness-of-chance-uk-s-mentoring-programme-in-improving-behavioural-and-emotional-outcomes-in-primary-school-children-with-behavioural-difficulties-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Laura Whybra, Georgina Warner, Gretchen Bjornstad, Tim Hobbs, Lucy Brook, Zoe Wrigley, Vashti Berry, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Justin Matthews, Rod Taylor, Tim Eames, Angeliki Kallitsoglou, Sarah Blower, Nick Axford
BACKGROUND: There is a need to build the evidence base of early interventions to promote children's health and development in the UK. Chance UK is a voluntary sector organisation based in London that delivers a 12-month mentoring programme for primary school children identified by teachers and parents as having behavioural and emotional difficulties. The aim of the study is to determine the effectiveness of the programme in terms of children's behaviour and emotional well-being; this is the primary outcome of the trial...
March 12, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510762/the-norwegian-healthy-body-image-programme-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-school-based-intervention-to-promote-positive-body-image-and-prevent-disordered-eating-among-norwegian-high-school-students
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Christine Sundgot-Borgen, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Kethe M E Engen, Gunn Pettersen, Oddgeir Friborg, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Elin Kolle, Niva Piran, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Jan H Rosenvinge
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating raise the risk for eating disorders. In the prevention of eating disorders, many programmes have proved partly successful in using cognitive techniques to combat such risk factors. However, specific strategies to actively promote a positive body image are rarely used. The present paper outlines a protocol for a programme integrating the promotion of a positive body image and the prevention of disordered eating. METHODS AND DESIGN: Using a cluster randomized controlled mixed methods design, 30 high schools and 2481 12th grade students were allocated to the Healthy Body Image programme or to a control condition...
March 6, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499738/personal-wellbeing-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-association-with-ptsd-symptoms-during-and-following-treatment
#19
David Berle, Dominic Hilbrink, Clare Russell-Williams, Rachael Kiely, Laura Hardaker, Natasha Garwood, Anne Gilchrist, Zachary Steel
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear to what extent treatment-related gains in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms translate to improvements in broader domains of personal wellbeing, such as community connectedness, life achievement and security. We sought to determine whether: 1. personal wellbeing improves during the course of a treatment program and 2. changes in core symptom domains (PTSD, anxiety and depression) were associated with improvements in overall personal wellbeing...
March 2, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467036/the-living-dead-perception-of-persons-in-the-unresponsive-wakefulness-syndrome-in-germany-compared-to-the-usa
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Inga Steppacher, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: The extent to which people ascribe mind to others has been shown to predict the extent to which human rights are conferred. Therefore, in the context of disorders of consciousness (DOC), mind ascription can influence end of life decisions. A previous US-American study indicated that participants ascribed even less mind to patients with unresponsive-wakefulness-syndrome (UWS) than to the dead. Results were explained in terms of implicit dualism and religious beliefs, as highly religious people ascribed least mind to UWS...
February 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
journal
journal
49278
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"