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Veterinary Research Forum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326797/congenital-lumbar-vertebrae-agenesis-in-a-lamb
#1
Mohammad Farajli Abbasi, Bahador Shojaei, Omid Azari
Congenital agenesis of lumbar vertebrae was diagnosed in a day-old female lamb based on radiology and clinical examinations. There was no neurological deficit in hindlimb and forelimb associated with standing disability. Radiography of the abdominal region revealed absence of lumbar vertebrae. Necropsy confirmed clinical and radiographic results. No other anomaly or agenesis was seen macroscopically in the abdominal and thoracic regions as well as vertebral column. Partial absence of vertebral column has been reported in human and different animal species, as an independent occurrence or associated with other organs anomalies...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326796/effect-of-different-levels-of-dietary-vitamin-e-on-reproductive-and-productive-performances-in-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#2
Parvin Abedi, Saleh Tabatabaei Vakili, Morteza Mamouei, Ali Aghaei
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary vitamin E on reproductive and productive parameters in Japanese quails. A total number of 240 female and 80 male Japanese quail were divided into five treatments with four replications in a completely randomized design. Experimental diets were zero control, 30, 60, 120 and 240 mg kg-1 of vitamin E. Fertility and total hatchability were not affected by treatments. But, the lowest hatch of fertile eggs and the highest embryonic death were observed in control group (p < 0...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326795/molecular-detection-of-ehrlichia-spp-in-blood-samples-of-dogs-in-southern-iran-using-polymerase-chain-reaction
#3
Noushin Derakhshandeh, Hassan Sharifiyazdi, Mohammad Abbaszadeh Hasiri
Ehrlichiosis is a zoonotic disease which has been reported from some regions of Iran. This study was aimed to determine the presence and prevalence of ehrlichiosis in suspected dogs referred to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Blood samples were collected from 98 suspected dogs with at least one of the five following findings: thrombocytopenia, anemia (hematocrit < 37.00%), gastrointestinal signs and respiratory and/or central nervous system diseases...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326794/effects-of-bisphenol-s-low-concentrations-on-oxidative-stress-status-and-in-vitro-fertilization-potential-in-mature-female-mice
#4
Alireza Nourian, Ali Soleimanzadeh, Ali Shalizar Jalali, Gholamreza Najafi
Bisphenol-S (BPS) is a new bisphenol-A substitute widely used in many plastic products. Bisphenol-A as a main member of bisphenol family has been known as an endocrine system disrupter chemical compound. Like other members of bisphenol family, there is public health concern about the toxic effects of BPS on reproductive system, thus, we examined BPS effects on in vitro fertilization (IVF) potential and oxidative stress status in a murine model. Adult female mice (n = 70) were randomly divided into control and BPS-treated groups...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326793/european-pond-turtle-emys-orbicularis-persica-as-a-biomarker-of-environmental-pollution-in-golestan-and-mazandaran-provinces-iran
#5
Somayeh Namroodi, Annalisa Zaccaroni, Hassan Rezaei, Seyyedeh Malihe Hosseini
Anthropogenic environmental changes are hypothesized as main reasons for animal species population declines. Heavy metals contamination is one of the worst threats to animals among human-caused threats. As most of the heavy metals bioaccumulate in organisms, analyzing concentrations of heavy metals in long living animals, such as turtles, would be very useful for biomonitoring of environmental quality. The European pond turtle is classified as a Near Threatened in the red list of International Union for Conservation of Nature...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326792/florfenicol-pharmacokinetics-following-intravenous-and-oral-administrations-and-its-elimination-after-oral-and-bath-administrations-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#6
Abdolhossein Jangaran Nejad, Rahim Peyghan, Hossein Najafzadeh Varzi, Ali Shahriyari
The aim of this study was to evaluate pharmacokinetic profiles of florfenicol after a single dose of intravenous (5.00 mg kg-1 body weight) and oral (40.00 mg kg-1 body weight) administrations in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). The residue depletion of florfenicol was also investigated after oral administration (10.00 mg kg-1 body weight) and bath treatment (5.00 mg L-1) for 10 consecutive days. Pharmacokinetics of florfenicol in plasma after a single dose administration, at 10 time points (0.50, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 72, 120 and 168 hr) and florfenicol concentrations in tissues (plasma, liver and muscle) at three time points (1, 7 and 14 days) after 10 consecutive days, were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326791/effect-of-chlorpyrifos-on-sperm-characteristics-and-testicular-tissue-changes-in-adult-male-rats
#7
Mojtaba Babazadeh, Gholamreza Najafi
Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is a broad spectrum organophosphate pesticide used for agricultural health purposes. Its principal mechanism of toxicity is the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase. The purpose of present study was to investigate the effects of CPF on testicular tissue and sperm parameters in male rats. Thirty-two healthy male rats were divided into two groups: a CPF-exposed group and a control-sham group. Control-sham group received corn oil (0.20 mL per day). The CPF was administered orally to male rats at 37 mg kg-1 BW for 45 days to evaluate the reproductive toxicity...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326790/microbiological-biochemical-and-organoleptic-properties-of-fermented-probiotic-drink-produced-from-camel-milk
#8
Saideh Saljooghi, Ladan Mansouri-Najand, Hadi Ebrahimnejad, Farideh Doostan, Nasrin Askari
The microbiological and biochemical changes occurred during the fermentation of camel milk inoculated by three selected bacterial starter, were investigated as well as the sensory evaluation of the product. Milk samples were collected from camel herds of southeastern of Iran. Chr. Hansen ABT-10 starter including Lactobacillus acidophillus, Biphidobacterum biphidum and Sterptococcus thermophilus in ratio of 0.50 g per 100 mL of camel milk was added. This fermented product was examined at the 0, 3rd, 6th and 9th days for microbiological, biochemical and sensory evaluations...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326789/production-and-purification-of-polyclonal-antibody-against-f-ab-2-fragment-of-human-immunoglobulin-g
#9
Hadi Nasiri, Zahra Valedkarimi, Leili Aghebati-Maleki, Jalal Abdolalizadeh, Tohid Kazemi, Mojghan Esparvarinha, Jafar Majidi
Antibodies are essential tools of biomedical and biochemical researches. Polyclonal antibodies are produced against different epitopes of antigens. Purified F(ab')2 can be used for animal's immunization to produce polyclonal antibodies. Human immunoglobulin G (IgG) was purified by ion exchange chromatography method. In all stages verification method of the purified antibodies was sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Purified IgG was digested by pepsin enzyme and F(ab')2 fragment was purified by gel filtration separation method...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326788/a-molecular-study-on-babesia-spp-in-cattle-and-ticks-in-west-azerbaijan-province-iran
#10
Sepideh Rajabi, Bijan Esmaeilnejad, Mousa Tavassoli
A total number of 450 blood samples were collected from 45 different randomly selected cattle herds. Light microscopic examination of blood smears revealed Babesia spp. infection in 4.2%, while 8.9% of blood samples were positive using PCR. Upon multiplex-PCR (mPCR), B. bigemina and B. bovis infections were detected in 37/40 (92.5%) and 3/40 (7.5%) samples, respectively. 530 ticks of 10 Ixodid species were collected from the same cattle. Hyalomma anatolicum was the most prevalent tick species (19.9%). An expected 520 bp fragment of Babesia spp...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326787/molecular-detection-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-mycoplasma-gallisepticum-from-backyard-and-commercial-turkey-flocks-in-iran
#11
Saeed Rasoulinezhad, Mohammad Hassan Bozorgmehrifard, Hossein Hosseini, Nariman Sheikhi, Saeed Charkhkar
Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is economically important pathogen of poultry causes airsacculitis and frequently infraorbital sinusitis in turkeys. Infections may remain without clinical signs, but they can make birds susceptible to secondary infections. This study was carried out for molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of MG infections in commercial and backyard turkey flocks in some parts of Iran. A total number of 600 swab samples were collected from 18 commercial and 31 backyard turkey flocks. The PCR technique was performed for detecting 16S rRNA gene in the samples...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326786/molecular-identification-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-chronic-bee-paralysis-virus-in-iran
#12
Mohammadreza Ghorani, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Omid Madadgar, Mohammadreza Rezapanah, Sedigheh Nabian, Reza Khaltabadi Farahani, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Mohammad Forsi, Hamed Abdollahi, Hesameddin Akbarein
Chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV) is an unclassified polymorphic single-stranded RNA virus. Among the viruses infecting honeybees, CBPV is known to induce significant losses in honeybee colonies. In this study, a total number of eighty-nine suspected apiaries from four regions of Iran (including Mazandaran, Khorasan Razavi, Hormozgan, and Kurdistan) were sampled and submitted for molecular identification. Three positive samples were detected by RT-PCR. All positive samples were confirmed by sequencing. The phylogenetic tree which displays the molecular relationship between the viruses of different Iranian geographic regions and references isolates was constructed...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326785/effect-of-satureja-khuzestanica-essential-oil-against-fertility-disorders-induced-by-busulfan-in-female-mice
#13
Abbas Ahmadi, Saleh Bamohabat Chafjiri, Rajab Ali Sadrkhanlou
Busulfan is an alkylating agent affects ovarian follicles growth by oxidative stress induction. Satureja khuzestanica has antioxidant effects. The aim of this study was to examine whether S. khuzestanica essential oil (SKEO) exhibits protective effects on busulfan-induced ovarian failure. Eighty-four adult female mice were divided into six groups including dimethyl sulfoxide (control), SKEO 225.00 mg kg-1 (orally), busulfan 3.00 mg kg-1 (orally), busulfan 36.00 mg kg-1 (intraperitoneally), busulfan 3.00 mg kg-1 and SKEO and busulfan 36...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326784/auto-transplantation-of-whole-rat-ovary-in-different-transplantation-sites
#14
Somayeh Tavana, Mojtaba Rezazadeh Valojerdi, Hussein Eimani, Naeimeh Sadat Abtahi, Rouhollah Fathi
This study was carried out to assess the different ovarian transplantation sites after short-time autografting. Female rats were randomized into five groups, with six rats in each group, including control (intact), cervical subcutaneous transplanted (CST), back subcutaneous transplanted (BST), subfascial transplanted (SFT) and intramuscular transplanted (IMT) groups. In all experimental groups, the right ovary was removed and transplanted into different sites. After three weeks, ovaries were removed for morphology assessment, follicular counting and the rates of corpus luteum (CL) and cyst formation...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085617/cerebral-astrocytoma-in-a-sheep
#15
Ghasem Farjanikish, Azizollah Khodakaram-Tafti, Omid Dezfoulian
Astrocytoma as one of the most common central nervous system (CNS) tumors is rarely reported in veterinary literature. A 7-year-old Persian Lori-Bakhtiari ewe was presented to the clinic with a two months history of progressive blindness, nystagmus to the right, bilaterally decreased pupillary reflexes, head pressing and paddling. At necropsy, a whitish well-circumscribed mass with dimensions of 3.50×2.50×1.50 cm was observed in the dorsal parietal lobe of the left cerebral hemisphere. Microscopically, the mass was well-circumscribed and highly cellular, consisted of round to elongated cells with scant and vacuolated cytoplasm with few, flaccid processes...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085616/extraskeletal-osteoma-in-a-canary-serinus-canaria
#16
Moosa Javdani, Mohammad Hashemnia, Zahra Nikousefat, Mohammad Ghasemi
Osteoma is an uncommon bone tumor in avian species and other animals. A 2-year-old male canary (Serinus canaria) with a history of an oval mass in the left wing for several months was examined. Radiographs showed a radio-opaque mass. Upon the bird's owner request, the canary was euthanatized and submitted for necropsy. The histopathologic examination revealed numerous trabeculae consisting of both woven and lamellar bone covered by one to several rows of normal osteoblasts. The trabeculae were closely packed, having only small intertrabecular spaces which contained proliferating osteoblasts, sinusoids and myeloid tissue...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085615/effects-of-supplemental-chromium-picolinate-and-chromium-nanoparticles-on-performance-and-antibody-titers-of-infectious-bronchitis-and-avian-influenza-of-broiler-chickens-under-heat-stress-condition
#17
Farhad Hajializadeh, Hasan Ghahri, Alireza Talebi
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of different levels chromium picolinate (CrPic) and chromium nanoparticles (nano-Cr) on the performance and immune function of broilers under heat stress condition. A total of 320 Ross 308 broiler chicks (from 21 to 42 days) were assigned randomly into eight treatment groups (four replicates per treatment, and 10 chicks per replicate) and be reared at either thermoneutral (21 ˚C) or heat stress (36 (◦)C). The treatments were control (T1) group without supplementation and heat stress, T2 as a heat stress group without supplementation, T3, T4 and T5 groups which were supplemented with 500, 1000 and 1500 ppb CrPic in diet with heat stress, respectively and T6, T7 and T8 groups which were supplemented with 500, 1000 and 1500 ppb nano-chromium in diet under heat stress, respectively...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085614/involvement-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors-in-the-estradiol-production-of-ovine-sertoli-cells
#18
Hossein Hassanpour, Valiallah Khalaji-Pirbalouty, Manoochehr Adibi, Hassan Nazari
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear receptors of transcription factors composed of three family members: PPARα, PPARβ/δ and PPARγ. This study was aimed to evaluate the role of PPARs in the estradiol production via follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in the ovine Sertoli cells. At the first step, transcripts of PPARα, PPARβ /δ and PPARγ were evaluated by quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) in the ovine Sertoli cells in vitro after FSH treatment. PPARγ transcript was increased in FSH-treated cells while PPARα and PPAR β /δ transcripts were unchanged...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085613/function-of-vitrified-mouse-ovaries-tissue-under-static-magnetic-field-after-autotransplantation
#19
Vida Sadat Kazemein Jasemi, Firooz Samadi, Hussein Eimani, Saeed Hasani, Rouhollah Fathi, Abdolhossein Shahverdi, Fatemeh Shahi Sadrabadi
This study was designed to investigate the effects of applying 1 mT static magnetic field (SMF) during the vitrification process, on the viability of ovarian follicles after vitrification-warming and autotransplantation. The study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, ovaries of female NMRI mice (6 to 8 weeks old) were randomly divided into three groups: 1- Freshly isolated ovaries fixed in Bouin solution (control group), 2- Ovaries vitrified-warmed without exposure to magnetic field (V1 group) and 3- Ovaries exposed to magnetic field during equilibration step of the vitrification process (V2 group)...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085612/anatomical-and-morphometrical-study-of-middle-ear-ossicles-in-2-to-3-month-old-makouei-sheep-fetuses
#20
Naeimeh Simaei, Farhad Soltanalinejad, Gholamreza Najafi, Ali Shalizar Jalali
The middle ear ossicles are important due to transmission of sound to the inner ear leading to sound understanding. The aim of present study was to determine the anatomical and morphometrical aspects of middle ear ossicles in Makouei sheep fetuses. For this experimental study, eight sheep fetuses at the age of 2 to 3 months were provided from public slaughterhouse; their middle ear ossicles were removed from tympanic cavity subsequently and assessed anatomically using stereomicroscope. For statistical analysis, one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test were used...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
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