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Veterinary Research Forum

Ali Parchami, Mahdi Salimi, Mehrdad Khosravi
The aim of this study was to investigate the dorsal surface of the long-eared hedgehog tongue using scanning electron microscopy. The tongue of the long-eared hedgehog is rectangular-shaped with an elongated body and a widened root and a marked deep median groove can be seen on its dorsal surface. A characteristic feature of the lingual root is presence of two huge laterally situated folds. These anatomical structures have never been described with regard to other small mammals studied so far. According to their anatomical appearances, the lingual papillae can be distinguished as filiform, conical, fungiform, circumvallate and foliate papillae...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Akbar Asadi, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Mahmoud Jamshidian, Reza Ghanbarpour
Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) are responsible for wide ranges of extra-intestinal diseases in poultry including colibacillosis, cellulitis, coligranuloma and yolk sac infection. Numbers of virulence are considered important in the pathogenicity of these diseases. The aims of the present study were phylogenetic typing and virulence genes detection in Escherichia coli isolates from colibacillosis and cellulitis of broiler chickens in poultry slaughterhouses of Shahrbabak region, Kerman, Iran. A total number of eighty three E...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Abdollah Derakhshandeh, Fatemeh Namazi, Elmira Khatamsaz, Vida Eraghi, Zahra Hemati
In the present study, Mycobacterium avium subsp . paratuberculosis (MAP) was investigated in goats slaughtered in Shiraz abattoir using histopathological examinations and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Ilium and mesenteric lymph node samples from 66 suspected goat carcasses to Johne's disease were collected. Among 66 examined slaughtered goats, nine (13.63%) goats were positive for MAP in both histopathological and PCR examinations. Eight goats were positive in PCR method while no lesion related to Johne's disease was observed in their histopathological sections...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Mohammad Farajli Abbasi, Mohammad Mahdi Molaei, Reza Kheirandish, Ali Mostafavi
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of subcutaneous administration of synthetic eugenol (EG) for disbudding of goat kids, as a new chemical method. Thirty apparently healthy Raieni (Cashmere) goat kids (five-day-old) were divided randomly into six groups (n = 5). In the pathology (P) groups (P3 , P8 and P60 according to the sample collection day after injection) an amount of 0.10 mL of EG was subcutaneously administrated in both horn buds. In the disbudding 1 and 2 (DB1 , DB2 ) groups, 0.10 mL of EG, and in the control (C) group 0...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Ghasem Farjanikish, Omid Dezfoulian, Hossein Mohammadi
A four-year-old male Persian cat was referred with three weeks history of progressive lameness due to a rigid osseous mass with 3.50×2.50×2.00 cm in dimensions in his left arm. In the histopathological evaluation of bone biopsy, two distinct populations of cells including multinucleated giant cells and oval cells which embedded in a fibro-osseous stroma and surrounded by lamellar bone trabeculae were observed. At necropsy, multiple metastatic nodules with different sizes unveiled in the liver and spleen. Microscopically, those tumor cells which already described in the bone lesion were also infiltrated to the liver and spleen...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Mohammad Khezri, Mojtaba Moharrami, Hossain Modirrousta, Maryam Torkaman, Saleh Salehi, Babak Rokhzad, Homan Khanbabai
Nosema disease is one of the most important diseases of adult honey bees worldwide. It is known as silent killer because there are no characteristic symptoms. The aim of the present study was to determine prevalence of Nosema species in various towns of Kurdistan province in Iran. A multiplex polymerase chain reaction (multiplex-PCR) was performed for identification of Nosema species infecting European honeybee, Apis mellifera . A total of 100 samples were collected from apiaries (870 hives) in 10 counties of Kurdistan province, located in the west of Iran...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Alireza Kabirian, Rooz Ali Batavani, Siamak Asri-Rezaei, Ali Soleimanzadeh
Cyclophosphamide is a chemotherapy drug for the treatment of cancer. Chicken embryo amniotic fluid, vitamin C and coenzyme Q10 have anti-oxidant properties. Total of 70 adult female mice were selected and divided into seven groups. The first group that received 2 ml kg-1 of inactivated amniotic fluid subcutaneously. The second group treated with 75 mg kg-1 of cyclophosphamide by intraperitoneal injection. Third to fifth groups received 1, 2, and 4 ml kg-1 of chicken embryo amniotic fluid, respectively. The sixth group received vitamin C at a dose of 0...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Hamed Mansoor Lakooraj, Mahmood Ahmadi-Hamedani, Omid Dezfoulian, Masoud Selk Ghaffari
A 10-year-old, male Rottweilerdog was presented to Small Animal Hospital of Tehran University with a history of lethargy, anorexia, weight loss, vomiting, polyuria, polydipsia and blindness. The dog showed symptoms of depression, high body temperature (39.2 ˚C), tachypnea (40 breaths min-1 ) and cachexia. In ophthalmic examination, bilateral hyphema (hemmorrahge in anterior chamber of the eye) and blindness were detected. The pulse of the animal was normal (90 beats min-1 ) and obvious general lymphadenopathy was determined...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Ali Soleimanzadeh, Leila Mohammadnejad, Abbas Ahmadi
Busulfan is known to cause several adverse effects including reproductive toxicity in humans. Garlic (Allium sativum) , a widely distributed medicinal plant, is highly regarded for its medicinal activities including antioxidant property. This study was conducted to assess whether garlic extract could serve as protective agents against testicular toxicity during busulfan treatment in a mice model. Seventy-two adult male mice were randomly divided into nine groups. In groups 1,2 and 3, distilled water, busulfan, and dimethyl sulfoxide and in the treatment groups hydro-alcoholic extract of garlic was administered orally at different doses per day (groups 4, 5 and 6; 200, 400, 800 mg kg-1 respectively)...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Farnam Azad, Vahid Nejati, Ali Shalizar-Jalali, Gholamreza Najafi, Fatemeh Rahmani
This study evaluated the possible protective effect of royal jelly (RJ) on sperm parameters and sperm malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration and in vitro fertilizing potential in nicotine (NIC) exposed male mice. Thrtiy-six male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6). Group 1 received normal saline, group 2 received 100 mg kg-1 per day RJ, groups 3 and 4 received NIC at doses of 0.50 and 1.00 mg kg-1 per day, respectively and groups 5 and 6 received NIC at doses of 0.50 and 1.00 mg kg-1 per day, respectively plus RJ...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Baharak Mohammadian, Saied Bokaie, Mojtaba Moharrami, Sedighe Nabian, Mohammad Forsi
‎ Nosemosis is one of the most prevalent bee diseases in the world causing significant ‎economic losses in the global bee-keeping industry. This cross-sectional study was conducted during April-September, 2016 to investigate the prevalence of nosemosis in different climatic regions of Iran. A total of 183 ‎apiaries were selected based on cluster sampling and the climate of apiaries under study was classified using Domarten method. In each apiary, five percent of the colonies were ‎ randomly sampled...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Mohammad Reza Rahimi, Younes Ali Alijoo, Rasoul Pirmohammadi, Masoud Alimirzaei
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feeding of Qizil fattening lambs with different levels of broiler litter (BL) on their weight gain, dry matter intake (DMI), nutrient digestibility, selected blood metabolites and husbandry economics. During an eight-weeks experimental period, 28 male lambs (an average of 42.21 ± 5.63 kg and ages of 7-8 months) were allocated randomly to one of four dietary treatments, including; control diet with no litter (NL, n = 7), diet containing 5% BL (LL, n = 7), diet with 10% BL (ML, n = 7) and diet containing 15...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Zahra Boroomand, Ramezan Ali Jafari, Mansour Mayahi
Infectious bronchitis (IB) is a highly contagious disease involving mostly upper respiratory tract in chickens, leading to significant economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. One of the major concerns regarding to IB is the emergence of new types of infectious bronchitis viruses (IBVs). The purpose of this study was to identify the IBVs isolated from Iranian broiler chickens with respiratory symptoms. Twenty-five broiler flocks around Ahwaz (southwest of Iran) were examined for IBV. The specimens including trachea, lung, liver, kidney, and ceacal tonsil, were collected from diseased birds and inoculated into chicken embryonated eggs...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Mohammad Reza Khalili, Amin Hossein Amini, Mohammad Abbaszadeh Hasiri, Effat Baghaei Moghaddam, Masoomeh Eghtedari, Mohammad Azizzadeh, Mousa Zare, Masood Yasemi
The objective of the present study was to investigate the clinical and histopathological effects of intravitreal injection of pentoxifylline (PTX) the management of an experimental model of uveitis. Fifty-two rabbits were divided randomly into six intravitreal treated groups as below: 1) Balanced salt solution (BSS), 2) Salmonella typhimurium lipopolysaccharide endotoxin (LPS) + BSS, 3) LPS + PTX 100 μg, 4) LPS + PTX 500 μg, 5) BSS + PTX 100 μg and 6) BSS + PTX 500 μg. Inflammation was evaluated by clinical examinations using slit lamp on days 1, 3, 5 and 7 post injections and histopathological examinations were also performed at the end of the study...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Zahra Nikousefat, Mohammad Hashemnia, Moosa Javdani, Ali Ghashghaii
Feline lower urinary tract diseases are known to be life threatening conditions in cats, especially when they occur as obstructive diseases in males. Early diagnosis and treatment is necessary, otherwise it may lead to death. A 3-year-old male Persian cat was referred to the clinic with a history of anuria, lethargy, loss of appetite and exploratory cystotomy 6 months ago due to urethral obstruction following urolithiasis. Urinary bladder was enlarged and painful on palpation and urine accumulation was observed in ultrasonography...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Hiwa Baraz, Hossein Jahani-Azizabadi, Osman Azizi
Two trials were conducted to investigate the effects of disodium fumarate (DSF; 0.00, 8.00, 10.00 and 12.00 mM) and thyme essential oil (TEO; 0.00, 100.00, 200.00, 300.00 and 400.00 µL L-1 ) solely and simultaneously (10.00 mM DSF along with 100.00, 200.00, 300.00 and 400 µL L-1 TEO) on in vitro ruminal fermentation of a 50:50 alfalfa hay to concentrate diet. The DSF and TEO did not affect crude protein disappearance, gas production, microbial crude protein synthesis and hydrogen recovery. The DSF addition linearly increased partitioning factor (PF) and molar proportion of propionate and decreased acetate: propionate ratio and methane production...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Gholam Hossein Farjah, Masoumeh Mohammad Pour, Mohammad Hassan Khadem-Ansari, Mojtaba Karimipour, Bagher Pourheidar
Operation on the thoraco-abdominal aorta may lead to paraplegia or paraparesis is after spinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of the spinach extract on spinal cord I/R injury. Thirty-five male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: Intact, sham surgery, normal saline (NS), low dose spinach extract (20 mg kg-1 ), high dose spinach extract (50 mg kg-1 ). Neurological function, biochemical and histological evaluations were performed in 72 hr after ischemia...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Mohammadreza Taghdiri, Guiti Karim, Shahabeddin Safi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Abbasali Motalebi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Soghra Abbaszadeh, Farhad Farrokhi-Ardabili, Hassan Malekinejad, Iraj Bernousi
This study was aimed to investigate the effects of 17
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Kareem Morsy, Mohammed Shazly, Mahrashan Abdel-Gawad, Nahed Saed
Monogenea is one of the most species-rich groups of parasitic flatworms worldwide with many species described from African freshwater fish. Little is known about the diversity and geographic distribution of monogenean parasites infesting the Red Sea fishes in Egypt. In the present study, a total of 45 specimens of the brushtooth lizardfish Saurida undosquamis (family: Synodontidae) and 35 specimens of the red porgy seabream Pagrus pagrus (family: Sparidae) was examined for monogenean infestation. Samples were collected from water locations at Hurghada coasts along the Red Sea in Egypt...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
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