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New Microbes and New Infections

D Yamamoto, A Tandoc, E Mercado, F Quicho, S Lupisan, M Obata-Saito, M Okamoto, A Suzuki, R Tamaki, L Sombrero, R Olveda, H Oshitani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
T Weitzel, J Cabrera, R Rosas, L M Noriega, G Schiappacasse, V Vollrath, L Porte
Invasive amoebiasis is a life-threatening infection requiring immediate detection and treatment. However, diagnosis is challenging because conventional methods such as light microscopy and serology are unreliable. Molecular techniques are therefore considered the new diagnostic reference standard, but most of the developed assays are research tools and not widely available. Recently commercial multiplex PCR panels have been introduced which permit the simultaneous detection of multiple enteric pathogens including Entamoeba histolytica in stool samples...
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
S-L Zhai, T Lin, Y-W Chen, R Liu, D-H Lv, X-H Wen, X-L Zhu, D Wang, F Li, W-K Wei
We obtained the first full-length genome sequence of canine bocavirus 2 (CBoV2) from the faeces of a healthy dog in Guangzhou city, Guangdong province, mainland China. The genome of GZHD15 consisted of 5059 nucleotides. Sequence analysis suggested that GZHD15 was close to a previously circulated Hong Kong isolate.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
N Dione, J Rathored, E Tomei, J-C Lagier, S Khelaifia, C Robert, F Bretelle, D Raoult, P-E Fournier, F Fenollar
Strain ND3(T) was isolated from the genital tract of a 28-year-old woman with bacterial vaginosis. This strain exhibited a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 92.4% with Sutterella wadsworthensis, the phylogenetically closest species with standing in nomenclature. Strain ND3(T) was a strictly anaerobic Gram-negative rod and member of the family Sutterellaceae. It exhibited a genome of 2 476 884 bp containing 2175 protein-coding and 62 RNA genes. On the basis of these data, we propose the creation of 'Dakarella massiliensis' sp...
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
D A Collins, M H Gasem, T H Habibie, I G Arinton, P Hendriyanto, A P Hartana, T V Riley
Clostridium difficile has not been studied in detail in Asia, particularly Southeast Asia. We thus performed a prevalence study across four hospitals in Central Java province, Indonesia. Stool samples were collected from patients with diarrhoea and tested by enzyme immunoassay for glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and toxin A/B (C DIFF QUIK CHEK COMPLETE, TechLab). Specimens were cultured and molecular typing was performed. In total, 340 samples were tested, of which 70 (20.6%) were GDH positive, with toxin detected in 19 (5...
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
A Taylor-Brown, A Polkinghorne
Until recently, our knowledge of the host range and diversity of members of the Chlamydiaceae, obligate intracellular bacterial pathogens of humans and animals, was thought to be nearly complete. Aided by advances in molecular diagnostics, a new picture is emerging, however, that the host barriers may be looser than previously thought for many chlamydial species. While cross-host transmission of chlamydial species is a concern for animal health, new reports highlight an emerging zoonotic risk for several species associated with intensification of farming and the widespread popularity of companion animals...
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
S Ndongo, C Andrieu, P-E Fournier, J-C Lagier, D Raoult
We report the main characteristics of 'Actinomyces provencensis' strain SN12(T) sp. nov., 'Corynebacterium bouchesdurhonense' strain SN14(T) sp. nov., 'Corynebacterium provencense' strain SN15(T) sp. nov. and 'Xanthomonas massiliensis' strain SN8(T) sp. nov., which were all isolated from stool samples from obese French patients.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
O Cusack, M Drancourt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
M Ikeda, T Kobayashi, T Suzuki, Y Wakabayashi, Y Ohama, S Maekawa, S Takahashi, Y Homma, K Tatsuno, T Sato, S Okugawa, K Moriya, H Yotsuyanagi
Propionimicrobium lymphophilum is an anaerobic Gram-positive bacillus that exists in human skin and urinary tract. The pathogenicity is, however, not well known. Only two cases of urinary tract infection have been described recently. In the case presented here, the bacterium was isolated, concomitant with Actinotignum schaalii, from blood culture of a patient with fever and difficulty of urination. The bacteria were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and 16S rRNA sequencing...
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
K Diop, A Morand, J C Dubus, P-E Fournier, D Raoult, F Fenollar
Herein we report the main characteristics of 'Arcanobacterium urinimassiliense' strain Marseille-P3248(T) (=CSUR P3248) isolated from a urine sample of a 54-day-old girl with rotavirus gastroenteritis.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
C Gabrielsen, N I Kols, C Øye, K Bergh, J E Afset
The coagulase-negative bacterium Staphylococcus condimenti and closely related species are commonly isolated from or found in starter cultures of fermented sausage as well as fish and soy sauces, and have traditionally been considered nonpathogenic. Recently, however, a case of catheter-related bacteraemia caused by S. condimenti was reported. In the present study we identified and characterized a strain of S. condimenti isolated from a patient with a severe soft tissue infection, comparing it to S. condimenti and S...
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
K Diop, F Bretelle, D Raoult, F Fenollar
Here we describe briefly 'Corynebacterium fournierii' strain Marseille P2948 (= CSUR P2948 = DSM103271), a new bacterium that was isolated from the vaginal sample of a 21-year-old woman with bacterial vaginosis.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
E Guilhot, J C Lagier, D Raoult, S Khelaifia
Here we report the main characteristics of 'Prevotella ihumii' sp. nov., CSUR-P3385(T) and 'Varibaculum timonense' sp. nov., CSUR-P3369(T) isolated in September 2016 from a fresh stool sample of healthy French volunteer woman.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
F Schaumburg, R Dieckmann, T Schmidt-Bräkling, K Becker, E A Idelevich
Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens belongs to the normal flora of cats and dogs and can rarely infect humans. Here, we report the first case of an A. succiniciproducens prosthetic joint infection.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
S-L Zhai, X Zhou, T Lin, H Zhang, X-H Wen, X-R Zhou, C-L Jia, D Tu, X-L Zhu, Q-L Chen, W-K Wei, D-H Lv
Previously, we identified three porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) strains in buffalo meat samples from southern China. In this study, we confirmed the reappearance of those buffalo-origin-like PCV2 strains in swine herds in this region, which supported the possible cross-species infection of PCV2 between buffalos and pigs under field conditions.
May 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
A Takamatsu, M Kawaguchiya, B Chang, M Ito, Y Hirano, S Katsuta, S Matsuzaka, Y Serizawa, N Kobayashi
Serotype 23B Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from a 67-year-old Japanese patient with meningitis. This isolate was susceptible to penicillin G, while genotyped as gPISP with a mutation in a penicillin-binding motif in PBP2b. The 23B isolate was assigned to ST11996 that is related to CC439, a dominant group among serotype 23B.
May 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
S Ndongo, F Cadoret, G Dubourg, J Delerce, P-E Fournier, D Raoult, J-C Lagier
Here we report of summary of the characteristics of 'Collinsella phocaeensis' strain Marseille-P3245(T) sp. nov., 'Clostridium merdae' strain Marseille-P2953(T), 'Sutterella massiliensis' strain Marseille-P2435(T) sp. nov., 'Sutturella timonensis' strain Marseille-P3282(T) sp. nov., 'Enorma phocaeensis' Marseille-P3242(T) sp. nov., 'Mailhella massiliensis' strain Marseille-P3199(T) gen. nov., sp. nov., 'Mordavella massiliensis' strain Marseille-P3246(T) sp. nov. and 'Massiliprevotella massiliensis' strain Marseille-P2439(T) sp...
May 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
T-P-T Pham, F Cadoret, M Tidjani Alou, S Brah, B Ali Diallo, A Diallo, C Sokhna, J Delerce, P-E Fournier, M Million, D Raoult
We report here the main characteristics of five new species 'Urmitella timonensis' strain Marseille-P2918(T) (CSUR P2918), 'Blautia marasmi' strain Marseille-P2377(T) (CSUR P2377), 'Lachnoclostridium pacaense' strain Marseille-P3100(T) (CSUR P3100), 'Bacillus marasmi' strain Marseille-P3556(T) (CSUR P3556) and 'Anaerotruncus rubiinfantis' strain MT15(T) (CSUR P2276), which were isolated recently from stool samples taken from undernourished children in Niger and Senegal using microbial culturomics.
May 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
K D Mlaga, R Lotte, H Montaudié, J-M Rolain, R Ruimy
We propose the main characteristics of a new bacterium species named Nissabacter archeti strain 2134 (CSURP3445 = LT631518), isolated from pustule scalp of a 29-year-old man at hospital Archet 2, Nice, south of France.
May 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
C Pichler, M Büchsel, J W Rossen, M Vavra, S Reuter, W V Kern, R Thimme, A Mischnik
We report a case of severe infection with liver abscess and endophthalmitis caused by a hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae strain in an immunocompetent German male patient without travel history to Asia. Phenotypic and molecular characterization showed high similarity to the reference genome NTUH-K2044 isolated in Asia. The isolate was assigned as ST2398 (clonal complex 66). The findings underline global spread of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae strains to Europe.
May 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
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