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Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205937/experience-with-an-abdominal-compression-band-for-radiotherapy-of-upper-abdominal-tumours
#1
Rebecca Van Gelder, Shelley Wong, Andrew Le, Alexander Podreka, Adam Briggs, Carol Haddad, Nicholas Hardcastle
INTRODUCTION: Radiotherapy outcomes are influenced by treatment delivery geometric accuracy and organ-at-risk dose. The location of abdominal structures such as the liver, kidneys and tumour volumes can be strongly influenced by respiratory motion. This increases geometric uncertainty and dose to organs-at-risk. One common method of minimising respiratory motion is abdominal compression (AC). METHODS: Fifteen patients being treated for radiotherapy to upper abdominal tumours were analysed...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130645/distributed-decision-making-in-action-diagnostic-imaging-investigations-within-the-bigger-picture
#2
Chandra R Makanjee, Anne-Marie Bergh, Willem A Hoffmann
INTRODUCTION: Decision making in the health care system - specifically with regard to diagnostic imaging investigations - occurs at multiple levels. Professional role players from various backgrounds are involved in making these decisions, from the point of referral to the outcomes of the imaging investigation. The aim of this study was to map the decision-making processes and pathways involved when patients are referred for diagnostic imaging investigations and to explore distributed decision-making events at the points of contact with patients within a health care system...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083106/not-just-a-bump-on-the-head-ultrasound-as-first-line-imaging-in-a-boy-with-pott-s-puffy-tumour
#3
Tristan Reddan, Patricia Connor
While computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have established roles in evaluating Pott's puffy tumour, ultrasound can play a valuable role in identifying the condition, particularly in children. We present the case of a boy with a fluctuant forehead lump and headaches, where ultrasound was the first-line imaging modality and expedited further investigations.
October 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205919/we-can-and-do-make-a-difference-by-improving-medical-radiation-services-in-rural-and-remote-locations
#4
EDITORIAL
Tony Smith
This is an editorial referring to the benefits that medical radiation practitioners can provide to the communities they live and work in.
December 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205918/acknowledging-the-peer-reviewers-of-journal-of-medical-radiation-sciences-october-2016-september-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030912/the-development-and-implementation-of-a-performance-appraisal-framework-for-radiation-therapists-in-planning-and-simulation
#6
Jillian Becker, Pete Bridge, Elizabeth Brown, Janet Ferrari-Anderson, Ryan Lusk
It is a challenge for radiation therapists (RTs) to keep pace with changing planning technology and techniques while maintaining appropriate skills levels. The ability of individual RTs to meet the demands of this constantly changing practice can only be assured through establishing clearly defined standards for practice and a systematic process for providing feedback on performance. Investigation into existing models for performance appraisal produced minimal results so a radiation therapy-specific framework was developed...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879689/patient-safety-is-everyone-s-business
#7
EDITORIAL
Catherine Mandel
This editorial addresses the importance of incident reporting, checklists and a just culture to patient safety.
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879688/building-a-learning-culture-and-prevention-of-error-to-near-miss-or-not
#8
EDITORIAL
Anthony Arnold
This editorial provides an insight into learning and prevention of error through near miss event reporting.
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440052/doctoral-profile-of-the-medical-radiation-sciences-a-baseline-for-australia-and-new-zealand
#9
Ernest U Ekpo, Beverly Snaith, Martine A Harris, Mark F McEntee
INTRODUCTION: Research is critical to evidence-based practice, and the rapid developments in technology provide opportunities to innovate and improve practice. Little is known about the research profile of the medical radiation science (MRS) profession in Australia and New Zealand (NZ). This study provides a baseline of their doctoral activity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of MRS professionals in Australia and NZ holding a doctorate or undertaking doctoral studies, was performed using an online tool (Bristol Online Survey(®) , Bristol, UK)...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374502/the-role-of-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-in-the-breast-assessment-clinic-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Suneeta Mall, Sarah Lewis, Patrick Brennan, Jennie Noakes, Claudia Mello-Thoms
Mammography has long been considered as the primary technique in breast cancer detection and assessment. Despite low specificity, mammography has been preferred over other contemporary techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography (US) due to superior sensitivity and significant health economic benefits. The development of a new technique, a limited angle cone beam pseudo-three-dimensional tomosynthesis, digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), has gained momentum...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271639/first-australian-experience-of-treating-localised-prostate-cancer-patients-with-cyberknife-stereotactic-radiotherapy-early-psa-response-acute-toxicity-and-quality-of-life
#11
Ashutosh Dixit, Colin Tang, Sean Bydder, Mary-Anne Kedda, Eva Vosikova, Chrianna Bharat, Suki Gill
INTRODUCTION: This study is to evaluate biochemical response, acute toxicity and health-related quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes among prostate cancer patients following stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in the first Australian CyberKnife facility. METHODS: Forty-five consecutive patients with clinically localised prostate cancer were treated with SBRT using CyberKnife technology and enrolled in this study. Protocol treatment consisted of 36.25 Gy in five fractions...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258633/a-longitudinal-evaluation-of-early-anatomical-changes-of-parotid-gland-in-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients-with-parapharyngeal-space-involvement
#12
Yingting Zhang, Chengguang Lin, Jianhua Wu, Xiaobo Jiang, Shara W Y Lee, Shing-Yau Tam, Vincent W C Wu
INTRODUCTION: Radiotherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with parapharyngeal space (PPS) involvement may deliver high dose to the parotid gland. This study evaluated parotid gland changes during and up to 3 months after radiotherapy. METHODS: Kilovoltage computed tomography (CT) scans of head and neck region of 39 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with PPS involvement were performed at pre-radiotherapy, 10th, 20th and 30th fractions and 3 months after treatment...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188698/justification-of-radiographic-examinations-what-are-the-key-issues
#13
REVIEW
Jason Vom, Imelda Williams
Justification of radiographic examinations is the practice of evaluating requested radiological examinations to assess for clinical merit and appropriateness based on clinical notes and patient information. This implies that justification in radiography requires the evaluation of requested examinations, the justification of exposures being applied and determining whether patients fit the recommended criteria for the procedure. Medico-legal requirements by the professional registration body, the Medical Radiation Practice Board of Australia (MRPBA), identify justification as an advocated and obligatory practice for radiographers...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160448/reduced-patient-anxiety-as-a-result-of-radiation-therapist-led-psychosocial-support-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Kelly Elsner, Diana Naehrig, Georgia K B Halkett, Haryana M Dhillon
Up to 49% of patients attending radiation therapy appointments may experience anxiety and distress. Anxiety is heightened during the first few visits to radiation oncology. Radiation therapists (RT) are the only health professionals in direct daily contact with patients during treatment, placing them in a unique position to explore patients' psychosocial needs. This review aims to synthesise literature regarding the effect of RT-led psychosocial support on patient anxiety. In May 2015, we searched the following electronic databases: Medline, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL, PubMed and Cochrane library...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145071/clinical-and-dosimetric-predictors-of-late-rectal-bleeding-of-prostate-cancer-after-tomotherapy-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy
#15
Ryoko Katahira-Suzuki, Motoko Omura, Shoko Takano, Kengo Matsui, Hideyuki Hongo, Wataru Yamakabe, Hironori Nagata, Harumitsu Hashimoto, Ichiro Miura, Tomio Inoue
INTRODUCTION: Rectal bleeding after radiotherapy impacts the quality of life of long-term surviving prostate cancer patients. We sought to identify factors associated with late rectal bleeding following intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) using TomoTherapy for prostate cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 82 patients with localised prostate cancer treated with TomoTherapy. Most patients (95.1%) received neoadjuvant and concurrent hormone therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134483/salute-to-the-sun-a-new-dawn-in-yoga-therapy-for-breast-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Melissa Galliford, Stephanie Robinson, Pete Bridge, MaryAnn Carmichael
INTRODUCTION: Interest in the application of yoga for health benefits in western medicine is growing rapidly, with a significant rise in publications. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine whether the inclusion of yoga therapy to the treatment of breast cancer can improve the patient's physical and psychosocial quality of life (QoL). METHODS: A search of peer reviewed journal articles published between January 2009 and July 2014 was conducted. Studies were included if they had more than 15 study participants, included interventions such as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or yoga therapy with or without comparison groups and had stated physical or psychological outcomes...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054474/recommendations-for-radiographers-and-radiation-therapists-drawn-from-an-analysis-of-errors-on-australian-radiation-incident-registers
#17
Gary Denham, Nicole Page
INTRODUCTION: The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) collect reported incidents for inclusion in the Australian Radiation Incident Register (ARIR), a database of radiation incident reports that occur within Australia. While the information on previous radiation incidents is available, there is little information on the lessons that can be learned from those past incidents to help prevent the same errors reoccurring. The aims of the study were to investigate what radiation incident registers are publicly available in Australia and to utilise the information contained within the ARIR and any other state or territory radiation protection authority registers to make recommendations for radiographers and radiation therapists to prevent future adverse events...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851033/reducing-radiotherapy-waiting-times-for-palliative-patients-the-role-of-the-advanced-practice-radiation-therapist
#18
Mary Job, Tanya Holt, Anne Bernard
INTRODUCTION: Palliative radiotherapy is effective in reducing symptom burden and improving quality of life in patients with symptomatic metastatic cancer and should be delivered in a timely manner. The aim of this study was to determine whether referring patients directly to a Palliative Advanced Practice Radiation Therapist (APRT) improves access to palliative radiotherapy and reduces time from referral to treatment. METHODS: At Radiation Oncology Mater Center (ROMC) in Brisbane, Australia a new referral pathway was developed which involved patients requiring palliative radiotherapy, being referred directly to the APRT from a single external hospital medical oncology and palliative care departments...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805047/outcomes-of-post-prostatectomy-radiotherapy-at-a-regional-cancer-centre
#19
Luke Nicholls, Amber Winter, Ashley Harwood, Ashley Plank, Preeti Bagga, Winnie Wong, Eric Khoo
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the efficacy and toxicity of radiation therapy (RT) after radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer at Radiation Oncology Centres, Toowoomba. METHODS: The electronic medical records of 130 consecutive patients with histologically proven prostate adenocarcinoma who underwent post-prostatectomy RT between January 2008 and December 2014 were analysed. Primary endpoint was Biochemical Recurrence (BCR) after RT. BCR was defined by PSA > 0...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786219/rectal-protection-in-prostate-stereotactic-radiotherapy-a-retrospective-exploratory-analysis-of-two-rectal-displacement-devices
#20
Lee Wilton, Matthew Richardson, Sarah Keats, Kimberley Legge, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Sankar Arumugam, Perry Hunter, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Mark Sidhom, Jarad Martin
INTRODUCTION: High rectal doses are associated with increased toxicity. A rectal displacement device (RDD) reduces rectal dose in prostate stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). This study investigates any dosimetric difference between two methods of rectal displacement (Rectafix and SpaceOAR) for prostate SBRT. METHODS: Rectal dosimetry of 45 men who received SBRT within the PROMETHEUS trial was retrospectively examined, across two radiation therapy centres using the two RDD's...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
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