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Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences

Mohamed Khaldoun Badawy, Matthew Scott, Omar Farouque, Mark Horrigan, David J Clark, Robert K Chan
INTRODUCTION: Coronary angiogram, while a powerful diagnostic tool in coronary artery disease, is not without an associated risk from ionising radiation. There are a number of factors that influence the amount of radiation the patient receives during the procedure, some of which are under the control of the operator. One of these is an adjustment of the fluoroscopic pulse rate. This study aims to assess the feasibility of using ultra-low pulse rate (3 pulses per second(pps)) fluoroscopy during routine diagnostic coronary angiogram procedures and the effect it has on fluoroscopy time, diagnostic clarity and radiation dose...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Daniel Sapkaroski, Marilyn Baird, John McInerney, Matthew R Dimmock
INTRODUCTION: An immersive virtual reality (VR) simulation clinic with dynamic patient interaction and communication was developed to facilitate the training of medical radiation science students. The software "CETSOL VR Clinic" was integrated into the Medical Imaging programme at Monash University in 2016 in order to benchmark student experiences against existing simulation techniques (Shaderware™). METHODS: An iterative approach to development, based on two cycles of user feedback, was used to develop and refine the simulated clinical environment...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Kamarul A Abdullah, Warren Reed
Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has demonstrated a huge potential for the future of medicine. Since its introduction, it has been used in various areas, for example building anatomical models, personalising medical devices and implants, aiding in precision medical interventions and the latest development, 3D bioprinting. This commentary is provided to outline the current use of 3D printing in medical imaging and its future directions for advancing the healthcare services.
July 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Dale Sheehan, Tracy M de Bueger, Joanna Thorogood, Sharon Sitters, Arun Deo
INTRODUCTION: Medical imaging is a profession where technology and practice is moving forward at a fast pace, while also being situated within rapidly evolving models of healthcare delivery. This requires capabilities in our graduates beyond the competencies to undertake the role. This study used an existing Professional Capability Framework as the foundation for the development of a survey tool to identify those capabilities most valued by the health services that provide placement opportunities for students...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Kelly L Elsner, Diana Naehrig, Georgia K B Halkett, Haryana M Dhillon
INTRODUCTION: Up to one third of radiation therapy patients are reported to have unmet psychosocial needs. Radiation therapists (RTs) have daily contact with patients and can provide daily psychosocial support to reduce patient anxiety, fear and loneliness. However, RTs vary in their values, skills, training, knowledge and involvement in providing psychosocial support. The aims of this study were to: (1) develop an online survey instrument to explore RT values, skills, training and knowledge regarding patient anxiety and psychosocial support, and (2) pilot the instrument with RT professionals to assess content validity, functionality and length...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Gordon T W Mander, Lorraine Reynolds, Aiden Cook, Marcella M Kwan
INTRODUCTION: Appointment non-attendance contributes added cost to the healthcare sector through wasted resource allocations. Medical imaging departments commonly schedule appointments for most modalities; however, no study has quantified patient attendance rates in the Australian regional setting. This is despite evidence that regional, rural and remote Australians tend to demonstrate poorer health than metropolitan counterparts. This study aims to identify the factors that influence appointment non-attendance at a teaching hospital in regional Australia...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Nick Woznitza, Rebecca Steele, Keith Piper, Stephen Burke, Susan Rowe, Angshu Bhowmik, Sue Maughn, Kate Springett
INTRODUCTION: Diagnostic capacity and time to diagnosis are frequently identified as a barrier to improving cancer patient outcomes. Maximising the contribution of the medical imaging workforce, including reporting radiographers, is one way to improve service delivery. METHODS: An efficient and effective centralised model of workplace training support was designed for a cohort of trainee chest X-ray (CXR) reporting radiographers. A comprehensive schedule of tutorials was planned and aligned with the curriculum of a post-graduate certificate in CXR reporting...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Kamarul A Abdullah, Mark F McEntee, Warren Reed, Peter L Kench
INTRODUCTION: An ideal organ-specific insert phantom should be able to simulate the anatomical features with appropriate appearances in the resultant computed tomography (CT) images. This study investigated a 3D printing technology to develop a novel and cost-effective cardiac insert phantom derived from volumetric CT image datasets of anthropomorphic chest phantom. METHODS: Cardiac insert volumes were segmented from CT image datasets, derived from an anthropomorphic chest phantom of Lungman N-01 (Kyoto Kagaku, Japan)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Andrew W Beavis
The use of computer simulation is arguably more widespread in other industries than in medicine. However, it has filtered into mainstream use in radiation therapy via a commercial product born from collaborative research partnership based in a radiation therapy department .The benefits and potentials of simulation training is discussed in this editorial from the perspective of an experienced radiation therapy physicist.
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Nicole Harnett, Kate Bak, Elizabeth Lockhart, Michelle Ang, Laura Zychla, Eric Gutierrez, Padraig Warde
INTRODUCTION: The Clinical Specialist Radiation Therapist (CSRT), is a new advanced practice (AP) role for radiation therapists (RTTs). Following training, education and evaluation, the CSRT performs specific duties in autonomous ways, making advanced clinical decisions in their area of specialization. This case study examines the CSRT's impact on quantity (i.e., increasing capacity), improving quality and stimulating research and innovation. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2016, 23 CSRTs worked in 10 cancer centres in various AP position...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Yobelli A Jimenez, Sarah J Lewis
The Virtual Environment for Radiotherapy Training (VERT) system is a recently available tool for radiation therapy education. The majority of research regarding VERT-based education is focused on students, with a growing area of research being VERT's role in patient education. Because large differences in educational requirements exist between students and patients, focused resources and subsequent evaluations are necessary to provide solid justification for the unique benefits and challenges posed by VERT in a patient education context...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Bronwyn Hilder, Pieter VanDam, Kathleen Doherty
The purpose of this scoping review is to examine the literature regarding the development, implementation, scope and extent of Advanced Practice Radiation Therapist (APRT) roles in Australia in peer reviewed journals, government reports, conference proceedings and reports. A search was undertaken of PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL, the ASMIRT website and, and Google Scholar to identify relevant documents. Combinations of keywords with Boolean operators ((advanced practice) OR (advanced practitioner) OR (specialist)) AND ((radiation therapist) OR (radiation therapy)) were used...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Andrew Murphy, Michael Neep
INTRODUCTION: A Radiographer Abnormality Detection System (RADS), such as the 'red dot system', involves radiographers highlighting the presence of potential acute abnormalities on radiographs in the emergency setting. The literature suggests little additional training is required of radiographers to participate in such a system, posing little impact on current workflow while remaining a cost-effective, easy-to-implement program. However, its use outside the United Kingdom is sporadic...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Trakis Stami, Fernandez Ritin, Parrish Dominique
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary health care services are more productive and successful when their health professionals have emotional intelligence (EI). The objective of this study was to explore the demographic predictors of EI among radiation therapists working in cancer care centres in NSW, Australia. METHODS: Data were collected using a cross-sectional self-administered survey. Emotional intelligence was measured using the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire- Short version (TEIQue - SF)...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Christopher J Jansen, Paul C Yielder
Sonography of the male inguinal canal for hernia is a common request. There is debate about the accuracy and even need for sonographic assessment of inguinal hernia. A clear, concise method is presented, with correlated diagrams and sonographic images, which aims to improve the ability of sonographers to easily identify inguinal herniae.
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Paul Kane
Simulation has a long history in medical and health science training and education. The literature describing this history is extensive. The role simulation plays in many health disciplines has evolved, as has the focus of the literature around it. The Virtual Environment for Radiotherapy Training (VERT) system is a relative newcomer to radiation therapy education and, similar to the literature around radiation therapy (RT) education, is still in its infancy. This narrative review sets the scene of simulation-based education within the health sciences and considers the lessons learned from published work on VERT to date...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Amy Nguyen, Robin Hart
Non-accidental injury (NAI) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Fractures are the second most common findings of NAI, after cutaneous lesions such as bruises and contusions. Imaging in NAI remains a controversial issue with little agreement concerning how, when and what imaging modalities should be used in the investigation of suspected cases. This review addresses the radiological investigations and findings of NAI, and the differential diagnoses of these findings. Adherence to the international guidelines for skeletal survey imaging is recommended...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Darren Hunter, Emily Mauldon, Nigel Anderson
Recent technological advances in radiation therapy have allowed for greater accuracy in planning and treatment delivery. The development of hypofractionated radiation treatment regimens is an example, and has the potential to decrease the cost per episode of care, relative to conventional treatments. Our aim was to analyse published literature on the cost-effectiveness and budgetary implications of hypofractionated radiation therapy. As such, this article will quantify the projected health care cost savings and address the optimal means of treatment delivery, associated patient outcomes, and implications arising from an increased use of hypofractionated regimens...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Aidan Leong, Patries Herst, Paul Kane
INTRODUCTION: The ability to understand treatment plan dosimetry and apply this understanding clinically is fundamental to the role of the radiation therapist. This study evaluates whether or not the Virtual Environment for Radiotherapy Training (VERT) contributes to teaching treatment planning concepts to a cohort of first-year radiation therapy students. METHODS: We directly compared a custom-developed VERT teaching module with a standard teaching module with respect to the understanding of treatment planning concepts using a cross-over design...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Yobelli A Jimenez, David I Thwaites, Prabhjot Juneja, Sarah J Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional education (IPE) involves two or more professions engaged in learning with, from and about each other. An initiative was undertaken to explore IPE for radiation therapy (RT) and medical physics (MP) students through a newly developed workshop based around simulated learning. The aims of this study were to explore RT and MP students' perceptions of working as part of a collaborative team and of their own and the other group's professional roles. Student perceptions of the simulation education tool, the virtual environment for radiotherapy training (VERT) system, were also investigated...
June 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
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