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Annals of Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515906/measurement-accuracy-of-total-cell-volume-by-automated-dialyzer-reprocessing-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Chatchai Kreepala, Aroonchai Sangpanich, Phirudee Boonchoo, Warit Rungsrithananon
INTRODUCTION: Dialyzer reprocessing machines have replaced human labor in preparing re-usable dialyzers. It also made the process of total cell volume (TCV) measurement become faster. Nevertheless, there has been a lack of data on efficacy of weight evaluation on TCV by machine compared to volume evaluation by the conventional method. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of TCV measurement performed by Kidney-Kleen(®) reprocessing machine, produced by MEDITOP Company in Thailand, compared to that of the conventional method...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507732/conquering-the-deadly-stroke-perspective-on-a-surgeon-s-odyssey
#2
Bibek Aryal, Teruo Komokata, Yutaka Imoto
•An odyssey of a Japanese surgeon, who survived a life-threatening hemorrhagic stroke.•Self-motivation and adherence to work ethics displayed by the surgeon to return to work is admirable.•Passion is a detrimental factor that enables surgeons to overcome a roadblock to their career.
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480036/a-survey-of-doctors-at-a-uk-teaching-hospital-to-assess-understanding-of-recent-changes-to-consent-law
#3
J W O'Brien, M Natarajan, I Shaikh
BACKGROUND: The UK Supreme Court recently ruled that when consenting patients for treatments or procedures, clinicians must also discuss any associated material risks. We surveyed medical staff at a large UK teaching hospital in order to ascertain knowledge of consent law and current understanding of this change. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Email survey sent to medical staff in all specialities at Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital in February 2016. RESULTS: 245 responses (141 Consultants and 104 junior doctors, response rate 32%)...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458883/serological-evidence-of-human-cystic-echinococcosis-and-associated-risk-factors-among-general-population-in-mazandaran-province-northern-iran
#4
Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi, Mahdi Fakhar, Bahman Rahimi Esboei, Masoud Soosaraei, Abozar Ghorbani, Naeim Nabyan, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi
The aim of the present study was to determine the seroprevalence of CE among human referring to Health Centers in Mazandaran Province, northern Iran and to identify the risk factors involved in spreading the disease. Between 2013 and 2014, the serum samples were taken randomly from 600 subjects referring to health centers in Mazandaran Province. After obtaining informed consent for each participant, a questionnaire including demographic characteristics and associated risk factors was filled for each individual...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443189/intraoperative-dislocation-of-the-trial-bipolar-cup-into-the-pelvis-during-bipolar-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#5
Takahito Miyake, Akio Kanda, Itaru Morohashi, Osamu Obayashi, Atsuhiko Mogami, Kazuo Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar hip arthroplasty is a good option for treating femoral neck fractures, although some contraindications have been indicated. We report a case of intraoperative dislocation of the trial bipolar cup into the pelvis during bipolar hip arthroplasty. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old woman underwent bipolar hip arthroplasty for a femoral neck fracture (AO31-B2). She was placed in a lateral decubitus position, and a direct lateral approach was used...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487765/the-long-term-prognosis-of-induction-chemotherapy-followed-by-surgery-for-n2-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-retrospective-case-series-study
#6
Naohiro Taira, Hidenori Kawasaki, Tomonori Furugen, Takaharu Ichi, Kazuaki Kushi, Tomofumi Yohena, Tsutomu Kawabata
INTRODUCTION: The long-term prognosis of induction chemotherapy followed by surgery for N2 non-small lung cell cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data and assessed the prognosis of 31 N2-NSCLC patients who underwent induction chemotherapy followed by surgery at our institution between January 1999 and December 2013. Potential prognostic factors, such as age, gender, tumor histology, tumor marker levels, tumor size, the number of N2 lymph nodes, the time from the last induction chemotherapy to the date of surgery, induction chemotherapy, RECIST response, downstaging status, pathological stage, adjuvant chemotherapy, and EF, were analyzed...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443188/intestinal-obstruction-induced-by-peach-stone-in-stenosis-of-sigmoid-colon-by-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Argos Soares de Matos Filho, Clarissa Santos Neto, Andreia Souto da Motta, Isabela de Alencar E Lombardi, Ronielly Araújo Rocha
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal obstruction is the second among the most frequent acute abdominal conditions of the non-traumatic surgical pathologies. It is Found in 20% of patients admitted to the emergency care services with acute abdominal pain. It often results in high morbidity and mortality. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a foreign body resulting in a colon obstruction, concomitant with the diagnosis of a sigmoid cancer in a 47-year-old female. DISCUSSION: There are only a few cases of Intestinal Obstruction Induced by Peach Stone in Stenosis of Sigmoid Colon by Adenocarcinoma reported in the world literature...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417001/minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-according-to%C3%A2-the-location-of-the-tumor-experience-of-251-patients
#8
Lei Chen, Xi Liu, Rong Wang, Yuncang Wang, Tao Zhang, Dewei Gao, Linggen Gao
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is increasingly used for the treatment of esophageal cancer. However, the ideal approach of MIE is not yet standardized. We explore the ideal approach of MIE according to the location of the tumor and compare the clinical outcomes between patients with cancer arising in the upper third of the esophagus and those with tumors involving the middle and lower third of the esophagus. METHODS: We included patients with esophageal carcinoma and had clear indications for MIE...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408988/sutureless-functional-end-to-end-anastomosis-using-a-linear-stapler-with-polyglycolic-acid-felt-for-intestinal-anastomoses
#9
Masanori Naito, Hirohisa Miura, Takatoshi Nakamura, Takeo Sato, Takahiro Yamanashi, Atsuko Tsutsui, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal anastomosis remains associated with a considerable burden of morbidity and, in some cases, mortality. Functional end-to-end anastomosis, whilst extremely efficient, is vulnerable to increased intestinal pressure in the immediate postoperative period, which may predispose to development of anastomotic leakage or bleeding. Therefore, there is a requirement for new techniques that facilitate safe and efficacious anastomotic procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined the clinical application of functional end-to-end anastomosis with a stapler that automatically applies a bioabsorbable polyglycolic acid sheet (Endo GIA™ Reinforced Reload with Tri-Staple™ Technology)...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408987/saving-from-unnecessary-pancreaticoduodenectomy-brunner-s-gland-hamartoma-case-report-on-a-rare-duodenal-lesion-and-exhaustive-literature-review
#10
Andrea Peloso, Jacopo Viganò, Alessandro Vanoli, Tommaso Dominioni, Sandro Zonta, Dario Bugada, Carlo Maria Bianchi, Francesco Calabrese, Ilaria Benzoni, Marcello Maestri, Paolo Dionigi, Lorenzo Cobianchi
INTRODUCTION: Brunner's gland hamartoma (BGH) is an infrequently encountered, benign, polypoid proliferation of Brunner's glands. Usually these lesions are asymptomatic, just only occasionally presenting with duodenal obstruction or bleeding signs and mimicking a tumoral lesion. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old male, referred for recurrent vomiting and epigastralgia, was investigated and all preoperative findings were suggestive of a tumour of the duodenum. During the scheduled pancreaticoduodenectomy a mass, resultant to a polyp, was palpatory felt inside the duodenum and then successfully and completely resected through a duodenotomy avoiding surgical overtreatment and connected postoperative morbidities...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408986/pain-management-using-acetaminophen-throughout-postoperative-course-of-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-case-matched-control-study
#11
Masanori Naito, Takeo Sato, Takatoshi Nakamura, Takahiro Yamanashi, Hirohisa Miura, Atsuko Tsutsui, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUD: The main advantage of laparoscopic surgery is that it is minimally invasive because of the use of small incisions. An approach using small incisions offers many benefits including attenuation of surgical wound pain. However, the presence of postoperative pain may undermine the advantages of laparoscopic surgery as a minimally invasive technique. In addition, perioperative pain management is an important factor affecting recovery after surgery. This study investigated the usefulness of a multimodal approach to postoperative pain management with acetaminophen as a baseline analgesic after minimally invasive laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392915/case-series-report-of-navigation-based-in%C3%A2-vivo-knee-kinematics-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-with-a-gradually-reducing-femoral-radius-design
#12
Hiroshi Takagi, Soshi Asai, Atsushi Sato, Masahiko Maekawa, Humiyoshi Kawashima, Koji Kanzaki
BACKGROUND: Simulations show that paradoxical anterior femoral slide in conventional dual radius total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is initiated by sudden reduction of the femoral radius from distal to posterior. Therefore, we hypothesized that a new TKA prosthesis design with a gradually reducing femoral radius may minimize the anterior slide in navigation-based in vivo knee kinematics. The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematics of TKA in vivo using a prosthesis with a gradually reducing radius, in comparison with the conventional dual radius design...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392914/the-use-of-super-selective-mesenteric-embolisation-as-a-first-line-management-of-acute-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#13
Bryan Soh, Steven Chan
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aim to assess the efficacy and safety of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and super-selective mesenteric artery embolisation in managing lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) at a multi-centre health service in Melbourne (Australia). METHOD: A retrospective case series of patients with LGIB treated with superselective embolisation in our area health service. Patients with confirmed active LGIB, on either radionuclide scintigraphy (RS) or contrast-enhanced multi-detector CT angiography (CE-MDCT), were referred for DSA, and subsequently endovascular intervention...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392913/low-molecular-weight-heparin-versus-unfractionated-heparin-in-the-management-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Anjum Qureshi, Andrea Perera
INTRODUCTION: There are two main choices of anti-coagulation in cerebral venous thrombosis: Unfractionated heparin versus low molecular weight heparin. A consensus is yet to be reached regarding which agent is optimal. Therefore the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to identify which agent is most effective in treating CVT. METHODS: Databases Pubmed (MEDLINE), Google Scholar and hand-picked references from papers of interest were reviewed. Studies comparing the use of low molecular weight heparin and unfractionated heparin in adult patients with a confirmed diagnosis of cerebral vein thrombosis were selected...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386396/letter-to-the-editor-child-maltreatment-between-knowledge-attitude-and-beliefs-among-saudi-pediatricians-pediatric-residency-trainees-and-medical-students
#15
Mohamad Al-Othman, Mohamad-Hani Temsah, Fatima Al-Haidar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386395/outcome-of-surgery-for-primary-and-recurrent-desmoid-type-fibromatosis-a-retrospective-case-series-of-174-patients
#16
Panagiotis Tsagozis, Jonathan Daniel Stevenson, Robert Grimer, Simon Carter
BACKGROUND: The best management of relapsing desmoid-type fibromatosis, a benign but locally infiltrative soft-tissue tumour, is largely undecided. Our aim was to investigate the incidence and the factors influencing local relapse after surgery for primary and recurrent disease of the trunk and extremities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 174 patients who had surgical treatment for desmoid-type fibromatosis. The quality of the surgical margins and use of adjuvant radiotherapy or chemotherapy were analysed regarding local recurrences in primary and recurrent disease...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377802/an-observational-study-on-the-association-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-metabolic-syndrome-with-gall-stone-disease-requiring-cholecystectomy
#17
Farah Ahmed, Qamaruddin Baloch, Zahid Ali Memon, Iqra Ali
OBJECTIVE: Recognition of Non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic syndrome in patients with gallstones undergoing laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy, along with it we will also study the life style of patients with gall stones. BACKGROUND: Patients with gallstones have associated NAFLD, with concurrent metabolic syndrome and these ailments share similar factors for example obesity, hypertriglyceridemia and diabetes mellitus. Factors like body mass index, gender, raised lipid levels, use of contraceptives and alcohol and having diabetes, physical inactiveness, multiparous women, water with excessive iron content, metabolic syndrome, and NAFLD are accountable factors for gallstones formation...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348733/complications-after-implantation-of-subcutaneous-central-venous-ports-powerport-%C3%A2
#18
Takatoshi Nakamura, Jiichiro Sasaki, Yasushi Asari, Takeo Sato, Shinzo Torii, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was revised as follows: to clarify the postoperative complications of multifunctional central venous ports and the risk factors for such complications to promote the safe use of the PowerPort system in the hospital. METHODS: The study group comprised 132 patients in whom implantable central venous access ports (PowerPort(Ⓡ)) were placed in our hospital from March 2014 through December 2015. The approach used for port placement was the subclavian vein in 43 patients (33%), the internal jugular vein in 87 patients (66%), and the femoral vein in 2 patients (1%)...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413632/is-in-vivo-laparoscopic-simulation-learning-a-step-forward-in-the-undergraduate-surgical-education
#19
Panteleimon Pantelidis, Michail Sideris, Georgios Tsoulfas, Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou, Ismini Tsagkaraki, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Georgios Stagias, Nikolaos Psychalakis, Parmenion Tsitsopoulos, Thanos Athanasiou, Georgios Zografos, Apostolos Papalois
BACKGROUND: Essentials Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases - ESMSC is an International Combined Applied Surgical Science and Wet Lab course addressed at the Undergraduate level. Laparoscopic Skills is a fundamental element of Surgical Education and various Simulation-Based Learning (SBL) models have been endorsed. This study aims to explore if there is any significant difference in delegates' performance depending on whether they completed In Vivo module prior to the equivalent in the laparoscopic simulator...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386394/surgical-treatment-of-post-infarction-left-ventricular-pseudoaneurysm-case-series-highlighting-various-surgical-strategies
#20
Edvin Prifti, Massimo Bonacchi, Arben Baboci, Gabriele Giunti, Altin Veshti, Aurel Demiraj, Merita Zeka, Edlira Rruci, Ervin Bejko
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (LVP) is rare, the surgical experience is limited and its surgical treatment remains still a challenge with an elevated mortality. Herein, it is presented a retrospective analysis of our experience with acquired post infarct LVP over a10-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2006 through August 2016, a total of 13 patients underwent operation for post infarct pseudoaneurysm of the left ventricle...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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