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Annals of Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326815/case-series-with-literature-review-surgical-approach-to-megarectum-and-or-megasigmoid-in-children-with-unremitting-constipation
#1
James G Glasser, James M Nottingham, Martin Durkin, Michael E Haney, Sean Christensen, Riley Stroman, Tyler Hammett
Background: The role of surgery in treating children with functional constipation (FC) is controversial, because of the efficacy of bowel management programs. This case series is comprised of failures: 43 children, spanning 25 years' practice, who had megarectosigmoid (MRS) and unremitting constipation. Purpose: To determine whether these children were helped by surgery, and to contribute to formulating a standard of care for children with megarectum (MR) and/or redundancy of the sigmoid colon (MS) who fail medical management...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321920/impact-of-medial-to-lateral-vs-lateral-to-medial-approach-on-short-term-and-cancer-related-outcomes-in-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Anwar Hussain, Fahad Mahmood, Andrew W Torrance, Achilleas Tsiamis
Background: Laparoscopic surgery is the favoured method of colorectal cancer resections. It is surgeon expertise and discretion to choose whether to mobilize colon lateral-to-medial or medial-to-lateral. We aim to identify the advantage of one approach over the other in short-term and cancerrelated outcomes. Methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of all laparoscopic colorectal resections with curative-intent, in a single unit, from March 2013 to October 2014...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#3
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326813/surgical-treatment-of-aggressive-vertebral-hemangioma-causing-progressive-paraparesis
#4
M Dobran, F Mancini, D Nasi, M Gladi, S Sisti, M Scerrati
Vertebral hemangioma is a benign vascular lesion that may onset with neurologic symptoms due to spinal cord compression by epidural extension. Surgical procedure, embolization and radiotherapy are the gold standard for the treatment of this disease. We present a case of a 84 years old woman admitted at our department with worsening paraparesis and urinary retention. Her magnetic resonance images (MRI) showed a lesion involving both anterior and posterior vertebral element of D5, with extension into epidural space and spinal cord compression...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326812/endovascular-laser-treatment-of-incompetent-saphenous-veins-using-the-1470%C3%A2-nm-diode-laser-and-radial-fiber
#5
Georgios Vourliotakis, Georgios Sahsamanis, Paschalis Evagelidis, Christina Aivatidi
Objectives: To assess the technical success, complications, and patients' quality of life (QoL) after treatment of chronic venous disease (CVD) using the 1470 nm radial fiber laser. Methods: A total of 170 patients with chronic venous disease, classified as C2 to C4 according to CEAP classification, were treated for incompetent greater (GSV) and small (SSV) saphenous veins, using the 1470 nm radial fiber laser and application of tumescent anesthesia. Additional phlebectomies were performed through stab microincisions, while 11 patients further underwent sclerotherapy intraoperatively...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326811/impact-of-liver-volume-and-liver-function-on-posthepatectomy-liver-failure-after-portal-vein-embolization-a-multivariable-cohort-analysis
#6
Patrick H Alizai, Annabel Haelsig, Philipp Bruners, Florian Ulmer, Christian D Klink, Cornelis H C Dejong, Ulf P Neumann, Maximilian Schmeding
Background: Liver failure remains a life-threatening complication after liver resection, and is difficult to predict preoperatively. This retrospective cohort study evaluated different preoperative factors in regard to their impact on posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) after extended liver resection and previous portal vein embolization (PVE). Methods: Patient characteristics, liver function and liver volumes of patients undergoing PVE and subsequent liver resection were analyzed...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321919/addressing-the-recruitment-shortfall-in-surgery-how-do-we-inspire-the-next-generation
#7
Jonathan Bartlett
•Application rates to surgery by medical students have declined in recent years.•More hands-on experience, information and mentorship is needed in medical schools.•Within surgery, gendered stereotyping of roles and environments must be challenged.•Reform of the current systems of outcome reporting is necessary.
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255603/violence-against-doctors-a-serious-concern-for-healthcare-organizations-to-ponder-about
#8
Farah Ahmed, Muhammad Khizar Memon, Sidra Memon
Background: Aggression and Violence against primary care physicians is reportedly common in Pakistan but there is no any documented study to-date on this burning issue. Methods: A formed written questionnaire was distributed among 769 primary care physicians aged 31 ± 7.68 years. Apart from the demographic data, the questionnaire included questions regarding the level of safety that primary care physicians felt during their work setups and on-call duties, along with the experience of aggression against them by the perpetrators & the support provided by the hospital management in such cases...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255602/streamlined-manuscript-submission-guidelines-beyond-overdue
#9
Zain A Sobani, Joel Horovitz, Stephan Kamholz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276586/postoperative-enterocutaneous-fistula-principles-in-non-operative-approach
#10
E A Sule, M A Nzegwu, J C Okolo, R U Onyemekheia
Introduction: Postoperative enterocutaneous fistulae could constitute a challenge when they occur following an abdominal surgery. Astute application of correct principles in its management is essential for good outcomes. Methods: A retrospective review of records of patients with enterocutaneous fistulas managed non-operatively was done. Clinical assessment, anatomic and physiologic classification of fistula, fluid resuscitation, electrolyte correction, parenteral/enteral nutrition, antibiotic use and fistula effluent monitoring, formed the basis of management...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276585/intestinal-perforation-and-peritonitis-due-to-taenia-saginata-a-case-report-from-iran
#11
Masoud Soosaraei, Shahriar Alizadeh, Mahdi Fakhar, Elham Sadat Banimostafavi, Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi
Taenia saginata (T. saginata) is one of the most common cestode in human. We report a case of intestinal perforation caused due to T. saginata infection. The patient, 54-year-old female, had intermittent abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting on referral. Intestinal obstruction and perforation leading to necrosis, and volvulus due to an impacted tapeworm was observed. Histopathological examinations showed acute inflammation with mucosal ulceration, and luminal exudates accompanied by an elongated and flattened segment of the helminth...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204274/clinical-use-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-european-legislative-issues
#12
Edoardo Raposio, RosaGemma Ciliberti
Objective: With this study we analyse the current European legislation in order to provide guidance for regenerative medicine professionals on correct Adipose-derived Stem Cells (ASCs) isolation and use protocols for clinical applications. Materials and Methods: The European Medicines Agency (EMA) considers that ASCs does not fall within the definition of an advanced therapy medicinal product if the cells have not been subjected to a substantial manipulation, and the mode of action of the cells (contribute to and enhance tissue renewal and turnover of the subcutaneous tissue) is considered to be homologous to the donor fat tissue...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188051/the-science-behind-autologous-fat-grafting
#13
REVIEW
Elisa Bellini, Michele P Grieco, Edoardo Raposio
Introduction: Adipose grafting has undergone significant changes over time. Many different techniques have been followed by trying to improve the quality of the lipoaspirate and the survival of the fat graft after implantation. Material and methods: The purpose of this review is to analyse the historical evolution of the surgical harvesting and implant technique, describing the changes that have brought significant improvements, revolutionizing the aesthetic and functional results obtainable...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158895/a-journey-through-liposuction-and-liposculture-review
#14
REVIEW
Elisa Bellini, Michele P Grieco, Edoardo Raposio
Introduction: Nowadays, liposuction is the most frequently performed aesthetic surgery procedure in Western Countries. This technique has had rapid development since the 1970s, when it was experimented for the first time by A. and G. Fischer. It is currently widely used in clinical practice for many different situations in aesthetic, reconstructive and functional fields. Materials and methods: This review aims to describe the historical evolution of liposuction by analyzing the transformation of the method in function of the introduction of innovative ideas or instruments...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158894/career-planning-for-future-surgeons
#15
Sharaf Sheik-Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123656/off-label-use-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#16
REVIEW
Francesco Simonacci, Nicolò Bertozzi, Edoardo Raposio
Background: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have a broad range of clinical applications. The ease of cell harvest and high yield with minimal donor-site morbidity makes adipose tissue an ideal source of stem cells. Further, the multi-lineage potential of these cells present significant opportunities within the field of tissue engineering, with studies successfully demonstrating their ability to produce a range of tissue types. Materials and methods: Literature review of publications on the use of ASCs, in the context of current European and US regulations...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123655/does-surgeon-volume-affect-the-outcome-of-total-knee-arthroplasties-in-a-developing-country-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Azeem Tariq Malik, Syed Hamza Mufarrih, Arif Ali, Shahryar Noordin
Introduction: Recent studies have shown that in addition to patient factors, surgeon volume has influenced total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcomes greatly. With recent propositions of regionalization of arthroplasties to higher volume centers, the need for further evidence is warranted. Materials and methods: Retrospective Cohort Study done at Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan from January 2007 to December 2015. High Volume (HV) group was set as at least 50 TKAs/year and Low Volume (LV) was set as at most 25 TKAs/year...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123654/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-comparison-of-early-outcome-of-classical-ponseti-and-modified-ponseti-post-tenotomy-in-clubfoot-management
#18
Joseph Olorunsogo Mejabi, Oluwadare Esan, Olayinka Oladiran Adegbehingbe, Joseph Effiong Asuquo, Akinyele Lawrence Akinyoola
Introduction: Ponseti method has become the main treatment modality for the management of clubfoot producing good long-term results. However, variation in cast application post tenotomy has not been evaluated. Methods: A prospective cohort study involving 40 patients with 67 clubfeet were randomized into two groups: 32 above knee cast (AKC) and 35 below knee cast (BKC) after percutaneous tenotomy. All had foot abduction brace after post tenotomy cast. The median age was 21 weeks (range: 1-104 weeks) and 1...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071068/the-ligament-of-parks-as-a-key-anatomical-structure-for-safer-hemorrhoidectomy-anatomic-study-and-a-simple-surgical-note
#19
Menelaos Zoulamoglou, Ioannis Kaklamanos, Maria Zarokosta, Ioannis Flessas, Vasileios Bonatsos, Theodoros Piperos, Panagiotis Theodoropoulos, Georgia Barla, Ioanna Stathopoulou, Theodoros Mariolis-Sapsakos
Hemorrhoids are a common anal disorder which affects both men and women of all ages. One out of ten patients with hemorrhoidal disease, requires surgical treatment. Unfortunately though, hemorrhoidectomy is closely related to complications that can be present early or late postoperatively. In the present manuscript, the safe surgical technique which emphasizes to the identification of the key anatomical structure of the ligament of Parks (Trietz's muscle) is adequately described. A total of 200 patients with grades III and IV hemorrhoids, underwent Milligan-Morgan or Ferguson's hemorrhoidectomy...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062482/ocular-tuberculosis-in-hospital-universiti-sains-malaysia-a-case-series
#20
M Shahidatul-Adha, E Zunaina, A T Liza-Sharmini, W H Wan-Hazabbah, I Shatriah, I Mohtar, Y Azhany, H Adil
INTRODUCTION: Ocular tuberculosis (TB) encompasses a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations affecting different structures of the eye. It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a great ancient organism that induces various types of diseases and unfavorable outcomes if unrecognized and not well treated. PURPOSE: To report the clinical profile of 34 ocular TB cases observed during 6 years period in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). METHOD: A retrospective review of medical records from 34 patients diagnosed with ocular TB in HUSM from January 2011 until December 2016...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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