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Annals of Medicine and Surgery

Luciano Tarantino, Aurelio Nasto, Giuseppina Busto, Vincenzo Iovino, Raffaele Fristachi, Sara Bortone
Introduction: Solid pseudopapillary Carcinoma (SPC) is a rare pancreatic Tumor with variable, usually low, malignancy potential. Howewer, several SPC are associated with aggressive behavior, local vascular infiltration, organ invasion, distant metastasis, and can be unresectable. Irreversible Electroporation (IRE) is an emerging non-thermal ablation technique for the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma. We report the results of four year disease-free follow-up in a case of locally advanced unresectable SPC treated with IRE...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Michael E Reschen, Andrea Mazzella, Edward Sharples
Background and aims: Dysfunction of a kidney transplant often requires histological sampling by percutaneous ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy. Transplant biopsy is more specialized than native kidney biopsy, the indications and complications are less well defined and in England are performed mainly by nephrologists. The aims of the study were to evaluate the adequacy and complication rate in living and deceased donor recipients according to training status of the nephrologist, assess the accuracy of physicians in predicting rejection, the threshold creatinine rise for biopsy, and the change in drug management post-biopsy...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Gustavo Heluani Antunes de Mesquita, Yuri Justi Jardim, Leandro Ryuchi Iuamoto, Fabio Yuji Suguita, Felipe Futema Essu, Lucas Torres Oliveira, Alberto Meyer, Alessandra Crescenzi, Vinícius Rocha-Santos, Flavio H F Galvão, Wellington Andraus, Eleazar Chaib, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque
Background: Islets of Langerhans transplantation is a promising alternative for glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes. The graft site is a factor that has large impact on the functioning of this transplant, and the stomach appears to be a promising location. Our objective is to describe a new experimental model for the grafting of Islets of Langerhans in rat stomachs. Methodology: Islets of Langerhans were extracted from 45 isogenic male rats of the Lewis lineage and transplanted into 9 isogenic rats of the Wistar lineage; 5 in the gastric body submucosa, and 4 in the gastric fundus submucosa...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Nicholas Farkas, Vasha Kaur, Arun Shanmuganandan, John Black, Chantal Redon, Adam E Frampton, Nicholas West
Introduction: Gallstone sigmoid ileus is a rare although serious complication of cholelithiasis resulting in large bowel obstruction. The condition accounts for 4% of all gallstone ileus patients. There are no recognized management guidelines currently. Management strategies range from minimally invasive endoscopy and lithotripsy to substantial surgery. We aim to identify trends when managing patients with gallstone sigmoid ileus to help improve outcomes. Methods: Literature searches of EMBASE, Medline and by hand were conducted...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Thomas S Zajonz, Michael Sander, Winfried Padberg, Andreas Hecker, Ruediger Hörbelt, Christian Koch, Emmanuel Schneck
Background: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) poses a widely used and accepted treatment option for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of gastrointestinal tumors. In contrast to the well-described risks and complications of intravenous cytostatic drugs, literature offers only scarce information of serious complications following HIPEC. To our knowledge no other description of rapid progressive pulmonary hypertension (PH) and consecutive respiratory failure following HIPEC have been described in current literature...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Stephen C Gale, JoAnn Peters, Jason S Murry, Jessica S Crystal, Viktor Y Dombrovskiy
Background: Late middle age (LMA), is a watershed between youth and old age, with unique physical and social changes and declines in vitality, but a desire to remain active despite increasing comorbidity. While post-injury outcomes in the elderly are well studied, little is known regarding LMA patients. We analyzed the injured LMA population admitted to a rural, regional Level 1 Trauma Center relative to outcomes for both younger and older patients. Materials and methods: Our registry was queried retrospectively for patients admitted 7/2008- 12/2015; they were divided into three cohorts: 18-54, 55-65, and >65 years...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Tom E F Abbott, Nicholas Cron, Nidhi Vaid, Dorothy Ip, Hew D T Torrance, Julian Emmanuel
Background: National Early Warning Score (NEWS) is increasingly used in UK hospitals. However, there is only limited evidence to support the use of pre-hospital early warning scores. We hypothesised that pre-hospital NEWS was associated with death or critical care escalation within the first 48 h of hospital stay. Methods: Planned secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study at a single UK teaching hospital. Consecutive medical ward admissions over a 20-day period were included in the study...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Masood Umer, Yasir Mohib, Muhammed Atif, Muhammad Nazim
Background: Renal cell carcinoma account for 3% of all cancers, with peak incidence between 60 and 70 years of age predominantly affecting male population. Renal carcinoma is the most common malignancy of kidney constitutes for 80-90% of renal neoplasm with an overall 45% five years survival rate. Majority are diagnosed incidentally during investigation for other disease process of abdomen. Classical triad of gross hematuria, pain and palpable mass in abdomen is rare accounting to only 6-10%...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Chee-Chee H Stucky, Kate D Cromwell, Rachel K Voss, Yi-Ju Chiang, Karin Woodman, Jeffrey E Lee, Janice N Cormier
Background: Many surgeons experience work-related pain and musculoskeletal symptoms; however, comprehensive reporting of surgeon ailments is lacking in the literature. We sought to evaluate surgeons' work-related symptoms, possible causes of these symptoms, and to report outcomes associated with those symptoms. Materials and methods: Five major medical indices were queried for articles published between 1980 and 2014. Included articles evaluated musculoskeletal symptoms and ergonomic outcomes in surgeons...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Masoud Soosaraei, Ali Akbar Khasseh, Mahdi Fakhar, Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi
Background: Leishmaniasis is an extremely relevant tropical disease, with global distribution. It still remains a main public health concern in low-income countries, and it is necessary to support more research on this common disease. Thus, a bibliometric analysis of the global scientific production on leishmaniasis was carried out. Methods: All the articles registered in Web of Science with the subject of leishmaniasis between 2006 and 2015 were analysed, using Pajek and VOS viewer as tools...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Mustafa Seyhan, Olcay Guler, Mahir Mahirogullari, Ferdi Donmez, Arel Gereli, Serhat Mutlu
Objectives: Intramedullary nailing is the treatment of choice for fractures of the tibial shaft, which might necessitate the nail removal due to complications in the long-term. Although considered as a low-risk procedure, intramedullary nail removal is also associated with certain complications. Here, we compared the most commonly used stainless steel and titanium nails with respect to the complications during removal and clinical outcome for intramedullary nailing of diaphyseal fractures of the tibia...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
James G Glasser, James M Nottingham, Martin Durkin, Michael E Haney, Sean Christensen, Riley Stroman, Tyler Hammett
Background: The role of surgery in treating children with functional constipation (FC) is controversial, because of the efficacy of bowel management programs. This case series is comprised of failures: 43 children, spanning 25 years' practice, who had megarectosigmoid (MRS) and unremitting constipation. Purpose: To determine whether these children were helped by surgery, and to contribute to formulating a standard of care for children with megarectum (MR) and/or redundancy of the sigmoid colon (MS) who fail medical management...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Anwar Hussain, Fahad Mahmood, Andrew W Torrance, Achilleas Tsiamis
Background: Laparoscopic surgery is the favoured method of colorectal cancer resections. It is surgeon expertise and discretion to choose whether to mobilize colon lateral-to-medial or medial-to-lateral. We aim to identify the advantage of one approach over the other in short-term and cancerrelated outcomes. Methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of all laparoscopic colorectal resections with curative-intent, in a single unit, from March 2013 to October 2014...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
M Dobran, F Mancini, D Nasi, M Gladi, S Sisti, M Scerrati
Vertebral hemangioma is a benign vascular lesion that may onset with neurologic symptoms due to spinal cord compression by epidural extension. Surgical procedure, embolization and radiotherapy are the gold standard for the treatment of this disease. We present a case of a 84 years old woman admitted at our department with worsening paraparesis and urinary retention. Her magnetic resonance images (MRI) showed a lesion involving both anterior and posterior vertebral element of D5, with extension into epidural space and spinal cord compression...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Georgios Vourliotakis, Georgios Sahsamanis, Paschalis Evagelidis, Christina Aivatidi
Objectives: To assess the technical success, complications, and patients' quality of life (QoL) after treatment of chronic venous disease (CVD) using the 1470 nm radial fiber laser. Methods: A total of 170 patients with chronic venous disease, classified as C2 to C4 according to CEAP classification, were treated for incompetent greater (GSV) and small (SSV) saphenous veins, using the 1470 nm radial fiber laser and application of tumescent anesthesia. Additional phlebectomies were performed through stab microincisions, while 11 patients further underwent sclerotherapy intraoperatively...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Patrick H Alizai, Annabel Haelsig, Philipp Bruners, Florian Ulmer, Christian D Klink, Cornelis H C Dejong, Ulf P Neumann, Maximilian Schmeding
Background: Liver failure remains a life-threatening complication after liver resection, and is difficult to predict preoperatively. This retrospective cohort study evaluated different preoperative factors in regard to their impact on posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) after extended liver resection and previous portal vein embolization (PVE). Methods: Patient characteristics, liver function and liver volumes of patients undergoing PVE and subsequent liver resection were analyzed...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Jonathan Bartlett
•Application rates to surgery by medical students have declined in recent years.•More hands-on experience, information and mentorship is needed in medical schools.•Within surgery, gendered stereotyping of roles and environments must be challenged.•Reform of the current systems of outcome reporting is necessary.
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Farah Ahmed, Muhammad Khizar Memon, Sidra Memon
Background: Aggression and Violence against primary care physicians is reportedly common in Pakistan but there is no any documented study to-date on this burning issue. Methods: A formed written questionnaire was distributed among 769 primary care physicians aged 31 ± 7.68 years. Apart from the demographic data, the questionnaire included questions regarding the level of safety that primary care physicians felt during their work setups and on-call duties, along with the experience of aggression against them by the perpetrators & the support provided by the hospital management in such cases...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Zain A Sobani, Joel Horovitz, Stephan Kamholz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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