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Annals of Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649379/is-transoral-robotic-surgery-a-safe-and-effective-multilevel-treatment-for-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-obese-patients-following-failure-of-conventional-treatment-s
#1
George Garas, Anthousa Kythreotou, Christos Georgalas, Asit Arora, Bhik Kotecha, Floyd C Holsinger, David G Grant, Neil Tolley
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether TransOral Robotic Surgery (TORS) is a safe and effective multilevel treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) in obese patients following failure of conventional treatment(s). A total of 39 papers were identified using the reported searches of which 5 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, date, journal, study type, population, main outcome measures and results are tabulated...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649378/knot-free-technique-for-laparoscopic-ventral-mesh-rectopexy
#2
Hammad Zaidi, Ajay Gupta, Niraj Khetan, Khalid Habib
AIM: The aim of our study was to describe and assess a new method of mesh fixation using clips in Laparoscopic Ventral Mesh Rectopexy (VMR). This technique avoids knots while suturing in pelvis and saves time. METHOD: A systematic search of the literature (PUBMED, EMBASE) was done to find out alternate ways to fix the mesh over the anterior surface of rectum. This technique has not been used before. We performed five operations using this technique. Indication for surgery was full thickness rectal prolapse in all of them...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649377/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-the-citation-classics-of-acute-appendicitis
#3
REVIEW
Manvydas Varzgalis, Dermot J Bowden, Ciaran K Mc Donald, Michael J Kerin
INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis is one of the most commonly encountered emergency surgical conditions. An understanding of the most highly cited research works in this field is key to good evidence based clinical practice. AIMS: To perform a bibliometric analysis on the 100 most frequently cited articles in the field of acute appendicitis. METHODS: The database of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science Expanded citation index was searched to identify the 100 most frequently cited articles in the field of acute appendicitis...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626581/carcinosarcoma-of-the-maxillary-sinus-a-rare-case-report
#4
Jawad Hasnaoui, Said Anajar, Mohammed Tatari, Reda Abada, Sami Rouadi, Mohammed Roubal, Mohammed Mahtar
INTRODUCTION: Carcinosarcoma is a highly malignant tumor characterized by dual malignant histologic differentiation of epithelial and mesenchymal components. The tumor is extremely rare in the sinonasal tract, with only 13 cases reported since 1957 in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 55-year-old man with right-sided face pain revealed a mass in the right maxillary sinus and nasal cavity. A large incisional biopsy from the nasal cavity concluded the diagnosis of carcinosarcoma...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626580/hernias-is-it-a-primary-defect-or-a-systemic-disorder-role-of-collagen-iii-in-all-hernias-a-case-control-study
#5
Sam Koruth, Y V Narayanaswamy Chetty
INTRODUCTION: The need of this study is to assess the role of collagen III in all hernias which include primary inguinal hernias ventral and recurrent abdominal hernias. Collagen type III represents the mechanically instable, less cross-linked collagen synthesized during the early days of wound healing. Quantitative assessment of collagen III in scar tissue on transversalis fascia as tissue obtained from cases operated for various hernias and compared to that of patients operated for abdominal surgeries for indications other than hernia was compared...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616223/clinical-outcomes-of-self-expandable-metal-stent-sems-placement-as-palliative-treatment-for-malignant-colorectal-obstruction-a-single-center-study-from-japan
#6
Toshikatsu Nitta, Jun Kataoka, Masato Ohta, Kensuke Fujii, Tomo Tominaga, Yoshihiro Inoue, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Takashi Ishibashi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the efficacy of self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) implantation as palliative treatment for malignant colorectal obstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with malignant colorectal obstruction who underwent SEMS insertion as palliative treatment in our hospital between March 2013 and December 2016. We analyzed demographic, clinical, and operative characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 13 patients (8 males, 5 females; median age, 80...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616222/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-cause-of-postoperative-leg-pain-after-posterior-lumbar-fusion
#7
R Daureeawoo, S Baliga, W Mohahmed, E B Ahmed
We report the case of a 36-year old man who underwent elective posterior lumbar spinal fusion after presenting with bilateral leg pain with associated back pain. He had undergone a L5/S1 discectomy in 2001, which provided good symptomatic relief. On this admission, he underwent elective L4-S1 posterolateral fusion and bilateral L4/5 and L5/S1 decompression. Intra-operatively a pedicle screw had to be re-inserted after fluoroscopy confirmed a lateral breech. The patient had no major postoperative complications until the sixth day when the patient re-presented with acute leg pain and weakness...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603612/exposure-to-the-drug-company-marketing-in-greece-interactions-and-attitudes-in-a-non-regulated-environment-for-medical-students
#8
Magdalini Filippiadou, Dimitrios Kouvelas, Georgios Garyfallos, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Dimitrios Tzachanis, Dimitrios Spachos, Georgios Papazisis
BACKGROUND: Medical students are targeted by the pharmaceutical industry and are exposed to their marketing strategies even in the preclinical years of study. The marketing strategies used by pharmaceutical companies with physicians are also applied to students, affecting their future prescribing behaviour, and include low-cost non-educational gifts, travel expenses and conferences registration fees. In Greece, there are no national or institutional regulations and guidelines concerning drug company-medical student interactions...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603611/subtotal-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-influences-the-rate-of-conversion-in-patients-with-difficult-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-case-series
#9
W E Abdelrahim, Kamal E Elsiddig, A A Wahab, M Saad, H Saeed, E A G Khalil
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to show that subtotal laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SLC) is a safe procedure that reduces the rate of conversion in patients with difficult laporoscopic cholecystectomies in resource-meagre settings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Following informed consent, patients with gallstones reporting to Atbara Medical Centre, Atbara, Northern Sudan from February 2012 to July 2013 were managed laparoscopically except those with choledocholithiasis. SLC was done for patients with difficult cholecystectomy and obscured Callot's triangle...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603610/does-additional-reconstruction-of-the-anterolateral-ligament-during-a-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-affect-tibial-rotational-laxity-a-case-series
#10
Rohi Shah, Runveer Singh, Clodagh Dugdale, Guido Geutjens
BACKGROUND: The current evidence suggests that rotational stability in not restored in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures, despite reconstructive surgery. The graded pivot-shift is a useful clinical test to delineate extent of ligamentous laxity within the knee. Given its lateralised position, we hypothesized that reconstruction of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) would provide restraint to excessive internal rotation, restoring rotational stability. METHODS: 10 patients with MRI confirmed diagnosis of an isolated ACL rupture were included...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560035/completeness-in-clerking-the-surgical-admissions-proforma
#11
Kunal Bhanot, Jordan Abdi, Prashant Bamania, Maria Samuel, Josef Watfah
BACKGROUND: The accessibility of surgical patient data is a key safety concern, and relies on efficient clerking and handovers. This project assessed whether the introduction of a surgical clerking proforma improved the recording of patient information in the surgical admissions unit (SAU) at Northwick Park Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Existing patient notes were assessed on content and ease of access, using two independent surveys conducted over a 5-day period...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560034/spontaneous-temporomandibular-joint-herniation-into-the-external-auditory-canal-through-a-patent-foramen-of-huschke-a-case-report
#12
Kyeong Hwa Ryu, Hye Jin Baek, Dong Gu Hur
Temporomandibular joint herniation (TMJ) can be caused by inflammation, trauma, tumor, or otologic procedures. However, spontaneous TMJ herniation can also occur as a result of a congenital bony defect in the external auditory canal (EAC), known as the patent foramen of Huschke (PFH), and occurs in 0.4% of the population. Herein, the authors present a case of spontaneous TMJ herniation through the PFH with clicking tinnitus. The patient underwent the surgical repair of bony defect in the EAC with placement of titanium mesh, and the symptom disappeared after surgery...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560033/comparison-of-outcome-of-vlcp-versus-pkef-in-the-treatment-of-ao-type-c2-3-distal-radial-fractures
#13
Zhibing Tang, Jinlian Liu, Huilin Yang
PURPOSES: Fractures of the distal radius are extremely common in adults. However, the optimal management remains controversial, especially in AO type C2-3 (Type23 C2 or C3 of distal radial fracture, according to AO classifications). The purpose of this study was to compare the results of the volar locking compression plate (VLCP) and percutaneous Kirschner-wires combined with external fixation (PKEF) in the treatment of the AO type C2-3 fractures. METHODS: From July 2012 to June 2015, 62 patients with AO type C2-3 fractures, treated by VLCP or PKEF, were included in this retrospective study...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560032/transauricular-intra-arterial-and-intravenous-digital-subtraction-angiography-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-imaging-in-a-rabbit-model
#14
Yonghua Bi, Zepeng Yu, Ke Xu, Hongshan Zhong, Gang Wu, Xinwei Han
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate transauricular digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as an alternative to conventional intra-arterial DSA for rabbit abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: AAA models were created in 8 New Zealand white rabbits by sewing vein patch. The diameters of aortic arteries were measured by DSA via ear vein and ear central artery. The common carotid artery (CCA) was exposed and cannulated for DSA as conventional angiography...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515906/measurement-accuracy-of-total-cell-volume-by-automated-dialyzer-reprocessing-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Chatchai Kreepala, Aroonchai Sangpanich, Phirudee Boonchoo, Warit Rungsrithananon
INTRODUCTION: Dialyzer reprocessing machines have replaced human labor in preparing re-usable dialyzers. It also made the process of total cell volume (TCV) measurement become faster. Nevertheless, there has been a lack of data on efficacy of weight evaluation on TCV by machine compared to volume evaluation by the conventional method. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of TCV measurement performed by Kidney-Kleen(®) reprocessing machine, produced by MEDITOP Company in Thailand, compared to that of the conventional method...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507732/conquering-the-deadly-stroke-perspective-on-a-surgeon-s-odyssey
#16
Bibek Aryal, Teruo Komokata, Yutaka Imoto
•An odyssey of a Japanese surgeon, who survived a life-threatening hemorrhagic stroke.•Self-motivation and adherence to work ethics displayed by the surgeon to return to work is admirable.•Passion is a detrimental factor that enables surgeons to overcome a roadblock to their career.
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480036/a-survey-of-doctors-at-a-uk-teaching-hospital-to-assess-understanding-of-recent-changes-to-consent-law
#17
J W O'Brien, M Natarajan, I Shaikh
BACKGROUND: The UK Supreme Court recently ruled that when consenting patients for treatments or procedures, clinicians must also discuss any associated material risks. We surveyed medical staff at a large UK teaching hospital in order to ascertain knowledge of consent law and current understanding of this change. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Email survey sent to medical staff in all specialities at Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital in February 2016. RESULTS: 245 responses (141 Consultants and 104 junior doctors, response rate 32%)...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458883/serological-evidence-of-human-cystic-echinococcosis-and-associated-risk-factors-among-general-population-in-mazandaran-province-northern-iran
#18
Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi, Mahdi Fakhar, Bahman Rahimi Esboei, Masoud Soosaraei, Abozar Ghorbani, Naeim Nabyan, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi
The aim of the present study was to determine the seroprevalence of CE among human referring to Health Centers in Mazandaran Province, northern Iran and to identify the risk factors involved in spreading the disease. Between 2013 and 2014, the serum samples were taken randomly from 600 subjects referring to health centers in Mazandaran Province. After obtaining informed consent for each participant, a questionnaire including demographic characteristics and associated risk factors was filled for each individual...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443189/intraoperative-dislocation-of-the-trial-bipolar-cup-into-the-pelvis-during-bipolar-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#19
Takahito Miyake, Akio Kanda, Itaru Morohashi, Osamu Obayashi, Atsuhiko Mogami, Kazuo Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar hip arthroplasty is a good option for treating femoral neck fractures, although some contraindications have been indicated. We report a case of intraoperative dislocation of the trial bipolar cup into the pelvis during bipolar hip arthroplasty. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old woman underwent bipolar hip arthroplasty for a femoral neck fracture (AO31-B2). She was placed in a lateral decubitus position, and a direct lateral approach was used...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487765/the-long-term-prognosis-of-induction-chemotherapy-followed-by-surgery-for-n2-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-retrospective-case-series-study
#20
Naohiro Taira, Hidenori Kawasaki, Tomonori Furugen, Takaharu Ichi, Kazuaki Kushi, Tomofumi Yohena, Tsutomu Kawabata
INTRODUCTION: The long-term prognosis of induction chemotherapy followed by surgery for N2 non-small lung cell cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data and assessed the prognosis of 31 N2-NSCLC patients who underwent induction chemotherapy followed by surgery at our institution between January 1999 and December 2013. Potential prognostic factors, such as age, gender, tumor histology, tumor marker levels, tumor size, the number of N2 lymph nodes, the time from the last induction chemotherapy to the date of surgery, induction chemotherapy, RECIST response, downstaging status, pathological stage, adjuvant chemotherapy, and EF, were analyzed...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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