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Annals of Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158895/a-journey-through-liposuction-and-liposculture-review
#1
REVIEW
Elisa Bellini, Michele P Grieco, Edoardo Raposio
Introduction: Nowadays, liposuction is the most frequently performed aesthetic surgery procedure in Western Countries. This technique has had rapid development since the 1970s, when it was experimented for the first time by A. and G. Fischer. It is currently widely used in clinical practice for many different situations in aesthetic, reconstructive and functional fields. Materials and methods: This review aims to describe the historical evolution of liposuction by analyzing the transformation of the method in function of the introduction of innovative ideas or instruments...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158894/career-planning-for-future-surgeons
#2
Sharaf Sheik-Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123656/off-label-use-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#3
REVIEW
Francesco Simonacci, Nicolò Bertozzi, Edoardo Raposio
Background: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have a broad range of clinical applications. The ease of cell harvest and high yield with minimal donor-site morbidity makes adipose tissue an ideal source of stem cells. Further, the multi-lineage potential of these cells present significant opportunities within the field of tissue engineering, with studies successfully demonstrating their ability to produce a range of tissue types. Materials and methods: Literature review of publications on the use of ASCs, in the context of current European and US regulations...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123655/does-surgeon-volume-affect-the-outcome-of-total-knee-arthroplasties-in-a-developing-country-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Azeem Tariq Malik, Syed Hamza Mufarrih, Arif Ali, Shahryar Noordin
Introduction: Recent studies have shown that in addition to patient factors, surgeon volume has influenced total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcomes greatly. With recent propositions of regionalization of arthroplasties to higher volume centers, the need for further evidence is warranted. Materials and methods: Retrospective Cohort Study done at Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan from January 2007 to December 2015. High Volume (HV) group was set as at least 50 TKAs/year and Low Volume (LV) was set as at most 25 TKAs/year...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123654/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-comparison-of-early-outcome-of-classical-ponseti-and-modified-ponseti-post-tenotomy-in-clubfoot-management
#5
Joseph Olorunsogo Mejabi, Oluwadare Esan, Olayinka Oladiran Adegbehingbe, Joseph Effiong Asuquo, Akinyele Lawrence Akinyoola
Introduction: Ponseti method has become the main treatment modality for the management of clubfoot producing good long-term results. However, variation in cast application post tenotomy has not been evaluated. Methods: A prospective cohort study involving 40 patients with 67 clubfeet were randomized into two groups: 32 above knee cast (AKC) and 35 below knee cast (BKC) after percutaneous tenotomy. All had foot abduction brace after post tenotomy cast. The median age was 21 weeks (range: 1-104 weeks) and 1...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071068/the-ligament-of-parks-as-a-key-anatomical-structure-for-safer-hemorrhoidectomy-anatomic-study-and-a-simple-surgical-note
#6
Menelaos Zoulamoglou, Ioannis Kaklamanos, Maria Zarokosta, Ioannis Flessas, Vasileios Bonatsos, Theodoros Piperos, Panagiotis Theodoropoulos, Georgia Barla, Ioanna Stathopoulou, Theodoros Mariolis-Sapsakos
Hemorrhoids are a common anal disorder which affects both men and women of all ages. One out of ten patients with hemorrhoidal disease, requires surgical treatment. Unfortunately though, hemorrhoidectomy is closely related to complications that can be present early or late postoperatively. In the present manuscript, the safe surgical technique which emphasizes to the identification of the key anatomical structure of the ligament of Parks (Trietz's muscle) is adequately described. A total of 200 patients with grades III and IV hemorrhoids, underwent Milligan-Morgan or Ferguson's hemorrhoidectomy...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062482/ocular-tuberculosis-in-hospital-universiti-sains-malaysia-a-case-series
#7
M Shahidatul-Adha, E Zunaina, A T Liza-Sharmini, W H Wan-Hazabbah, I Shatriah, I Mohtar, Y Azhany, H Adil
INTRODUCTION: Ocular tuberculosis (TB) encompasses a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations affecting different structures of the eye. It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a great ancient organism that induces various types of diseases and unfavorable outcomes if unrecognized and not well treated. PURPOSE: To report the clinical profile of 34 ocular TB cases observed during 6 years period in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). METHOD: A retrospective review of medical records from 34 patients diagnosed with ocular TB in HUSM from January 2011 until December 2016...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062481/surgical-and-nonsurgical-outcomes-for-treating-a-cohort-of-empyema-thoracis-patients-a-monocenteric-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Mohsen Sokouti, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Massoud Sokouti, Babak Sokouti
BACKGROUND: There are several studies reporting high success rates for surgical and nonsurgical treatments of empyema separately. The aim of current retrospective cohort study is to find the best treatment in low socio-economic areas. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 149 patients were treated in the referring hospital from January 2002 to December 2008. The current retrospective cohort study was carried out by nonsurgical (medically & thoracenthesis & chest tube drainage with or without fibrinolytic agents) and surgical (VATS &open thoracotomy decortication methods) procedures in single center performed in thoracic and respiratory medicine wards...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062480/in-hospital-surgical-treatment-for-haemorrhage-after-aesthetic-mandibular-osteotomy-performed-as-an-office-based-day-surgery-a-case-report
#9
Kosuke Kanke, Takahiro Abe, Masanobu Abe, Yoshiyuki Mori, Kazuto Hoshi, Tsuyoshi Takato
In East Asia, a square face is considered unattractive, and mandibular contouring surgery is commonly used to give a smooth contour to the lower jaw. Mandibular contouring surgery occasionally involves not only osteotomy of the mandibular angle but also resection of the masseter muscle via an intraoral approach. This type of mandibular contouring surgery poses a risk of injury to the premasseteric branch of the facial artery and massive haemorrhage. Here we report a patient who presented to our hospital with severe haemorrhage, swelling and airway constriction after bilateral mandibular angle and plane osteotomy with resection of the masseter muscle performed elsewhere as an office-based day surgery...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062479/murine-genotype-impacts-pancreatitis-severity-and-systemic-inflammation-an-experimental-study
#10
Gabriel J Seifert, Karoline C Sander, Sabine Richter, Uwe A Wittel
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the impact of host response in acute pancreatitis. Here, we induce murine necrotizing pancreatitis in 9 different mouse strains. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 9 different mouse strains: Balb/CB4J, C3H/HEJ, NOD/SHILT, A/J, AKR/J, C57BI/6J, DBA/2J, FVB/NJ, 129S1/SvlmJ. 10 animals per strain were randomly allotted to two groups. Sterile necrotizing pancreatitis was induced by injection of taurocholate into the common bile duct...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062478/mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-human-meniscal-regeneration-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Ernest Chew, Rohan Prakash, Wasim Khan
BACKGROUND: Stem cell regeneration is the holy grail of meniscal tissue repair. Currently, the best treatment is to preserve the original meniscus but if it fails, a partial meniscectomy is indicated to delay the onset of osteoarthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors present a systematic review to determine the up-to-date evidence underlying the use of mesenchymal stem cells for meniscal regeneration in humans. A search was conducted using the electronic databases of MEDLINE/Pubmed, Google scholar, and the Cochrane Collaboration...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062477/bartholin-s-gland-abscess-in-a-prepubertal-female-a-case-report
#12
Veerabhadra Radhakrishna, Rachit Goel, Gaurav Parashar, Ramesh Santhanakrishnan
Bartholin's gland abscess is one of the common inflictions of vulva seen in females of reproductive age group with a recurrence rate of up to 38%. Although it's encountered by many Paediatric Surgeons, it's very rarely reported in prepubertal age. Till date, only six cases have been reported to the best of our knowledge. A seven-year-old female child presented with a recurrent labial abscess. She was found to have Bartholin's gland abscess and was treated with partial excision of cyst wall along with the overlying mucosa and drainage...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098077/surgical-assessment-clinic-one-stop-emergency-out-patient-clinic-for-rapid-assessment-reduced-admissions-and-improved-acute-surgical-service-a-quality-improvement-study
#13
Christina A W Macano, George C Kirby, Blossom Lake, Sitaramachandra M Nyasavajjala, Robert Clarke
Background: There is increasing pressure on emergency services within the NHS requiring efficient, rapid assessment and management of patients. A subsequent reduction in hospital admissions reduces overall costs with an aim to improve quality of care. At the Royal Shrewsbury Hospital we run a one stop emergency surgical clinic. With strict criteria for admission to this clinic we have established a care pathway for those patients requiring urgent surgical review but not necessarily hospital admission...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098076/intraluminal-ileal-tumour-after-right-hemicolectomy-for-cancer-an-implantation-recurrence-or-a-new-cancer-a-case-report
#14
Marco Clementi, Sara Colozzi, Mario Schietroma, Federico Sista, Andrea Della Penna, Alessandro Chiominto, Stefano Guadagni
Introduction: Extra-anastomotic intraluminal recurrence of the colon cancer after curative surgery was rarely reported but intraluminal ileal relapse has not been described to date.We report a case of intraluminal ileal tumor arising after curative right hemicolectomy that could be ascribed to an implantation of exfoliated cancer cells. Case report: A 71-years old man was admitted with no metastatic stenotic adenocarcinoma of the hepatic flexure and submitted, without preoperative bowel preparation, to right hemicolectomy using a "no-touch" technique...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071067/the-birmingham-experience-of-high-pressure-methylene-blue-dye-test-during-primary-and-revisional-bariatric-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
G C Kirby, C A W Macano, S M Nyasavajjala, M Sahloul, R Nijjar, M Daskalakis, M Richardson, R Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Leak following bariatric surgery continues to be associated with morbidity and rarely mortality. With improvement in surgical techniques and stapler design, leak rates have reduced drastically. Intra-operative high pressure Methylene blue leak test (HPMB) is one of the techniques employed to confirm integrity of anastomoses and staple lines. Despite this, evidence for its use remains limited. We evaluated the role of HPMB in detecting and preventing leaks. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of consecutive patients who underwent primary or revisional Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) or Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass (RYGB) under the care of five surgeons in three centres across Birmingham, UK, between 2012 and 2016 were assessed...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034092/choosing-the-uterine-preservation-surgery-for-placental-polyp-determined-by-blood-flow-evaluation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Sumire Sorano, Tatsuya Fukami, Maki Goto, Sakiko Imaoka, Miho Ando, Yoko To, Sumie Nakamura, Hiroko Yamamoto, Fuyuki Eguchi, Hiroshi Tsujioka
BACKGROUND: A placental polyp is an intrauterine polypoid mass or pedunculated mass occurring from residual trophoblastic tissue following abortion, cesarean section or vaginal delivery. Recently uterine preservation surgery represented by transcervical resection (TCR) has been performed for placental polyps. However TCR without intravascular intervention, including uterine artery embolization (UAE) may cause profound bleeding which necessitate emergency laparotomy. METHODS: Seventeen cases of placental polyp were retrospectively examined...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021898/a-case-report-and-approach-to-management-in-pneumatosis-intestinalis
#17
Manon Jenkins, Hannah Courtney, Emma Pope, James Williamson
Pneumatosis Intestinalis (PI) is an uncommon condition in which there is gas present within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. PI is usually found in the large bowel, but can less commonly occur in the small bowel, and gas may be present in either the subserosal or submucosal layer of the intestine. Its unfamiliarity often means it is under-recognised and not considered as a differential diagnosis when assessing a patient with abdominal symptoms. The spectrum of conditions that produce PI is varied and ranges from the non-urgent to life-threatening...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021897/patient-outcome-of-emergency-laparotomy-improved-with-increasing-number-of-surgeons-on-call-in-a-university-hospital-audit-loop
#18
Anwar Hussain, Fahad Mahmood, Chui Teng, Sadaf Jafferbhoy, David Luke, Achilleas Tsiamis
AIM: Emergency laparotomy is a commonly performed high-mortality surgical procedure. The National Emergency Laparotomy Network (NELA) published an average mortality rate of 11.1% and a median length of stay equivalent to 16.3 days in patients undergoing emergency laparotomy. This study presents a completed audit loop after implementing the change of increasing the number of on-call surgeons in the general surgery rota of a university hospital. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of emergency laparotomy in a single UK tertiary centre after addition of one more consultant in the daily on-call rota...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970942/predisposing-factors-for-seroma-formation-in-patients-undergoing-thyroidectomy-cross-sectional-study
#19
Ali Ramouz, Seyed Ziaeddin Rasihashemi, Faeze Daghigh, Esmaeil Faraji, Shahin Rouhani
INTRODUCTION: Seroma is defined as collection of fluid within the surgical site during postoperative period that causes several complications. Recognition of predisposing risk factors can lead to avoid seroma formation after thyroidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out during a 3-year period and 678 patients were enrolled the study. We recorded demographic data, past medical history and the type of thyroidectomy were for all patients...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951780/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-combining-with-immunohistochemistry-and-genotype-in-lung-cancer-a-single-center-55-cases-retrospective-study
#20
Aiqun Liu, Liwen Qian, Yi Zhong, Xiaoling Lu, Yongxiang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of EBUS-TNA for mediastinal mass or suspected lung cancer patients with mediastinal or hilar lymph node enlarged. Further to investigate the clinical value of EBUS-TBNA combining with immunohistochemistry and genotype in lung cancer. METHODS: A total of 55 patients with mediastinal, and/or hilar lymphadenopathy, and/or mediastinal mass previously detected by CT or PET/CT scan and who underwent EBUS-TBNA...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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