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BioMedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806590/population-based-cohort-study-examining-the-association-between-weight-loss-and-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-adults
#1
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Little research is currently available on the relationship between weight loss and pulmonary tuberculosis in Taiwan. This study aimed to evaluate whether weight loss is an early clinical feature of pulmonary tuberculosis in Taiwan. METHOD: This population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program database. There were 6051 subjects aged 20 to 84 years with newly diagnosed weight loss from 2000 to 2012 as the weight loss group, and 24081 randomly selected subjects without weight loss from the same period as the non-weight loss group...
June 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806589/the-relationship-between-health-promoting-lifestyle-and-sleep-quality-in-postmenopausal-women
#2
Asieh Moudi, Ali Dashtgard, Hamid Salehiniya, Maryam Sadat Katebi, Mohammad Reza Razmara, Mohammad Reza Jani
BACKGROUND: Menopausal women are widely reported to have poor sleep quality and sleep problems. It is not clear whether increases in sleep disturbance are brought about by hormone changes associated with menopause or due to psychosocial and physical problems. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 600 menopausal women aged between 40 and 60 without any known severe illnesses in the city of Qaen, Iran, from April 2015 to May 2016. Data were collected by Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
June 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806588/content-of-nitric-oxide-and-glycative-compounds-in-cured-meat-products-negative-impact-upon-health
#3
Ya-Chen Yang, Zhi-Hong Wang, Mei-Chin Yin
The content of nitric oxide (NO), 3-nitrotyrosine, advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and trans fatty acids (TFAs) in 16 kinds of cured meat products was examined. Results showed that NO and 3-nitrotyrosine levels were in the range of non-detectable to 4.6 μM/mg protein, and non-detectable to 0.49 nmol/mg protein, respectively. Carboxymethyllysine could be detected in 13 kinds of cured meat products; its content was in the range of 48-306 μg/100 g meat. Pentosidine was found in 14 kinds of meat products, in the range of 109-631 μg/100 g meat...
June 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806587/the-incidence-of-kidney-cancer-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Soheil Hassanipour, Gholamreza Namvar, Mohammad Fathalipour, Hamid Salehiniya
BACKGROUND: The incidence of kidney cancer from different areas of Iran was reported. Nevertheless, there is no available systematic reviews in this regard. Therefore, the present systematic review carried out to estimate the incidence rate of kidney cancer among Iranian people. METHOD: This systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) in September 2017. A search was concluded using Medline/ PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Google scholar for international papers and four national databases (Scientific Information Database, MagIran, IranMedex, and IranDoc) for Persian papers...
June 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806586/a-screening-of-growth-inhibitory-activity-of-iranian-medicinal-plants-on-prostate-cancer-cell-lines
#5
Majid Asadi-Samani, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Zahra Lorigooini, Hedayatollah Shirzad
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer has been known as one of the most common malignancy in the men and it is therefore very important to prevent and treat this cancer. In this study, the anticancer effects of 20 species of medicinal plants in Iran, especially those grown in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, were investigated on prostate cancer cell lines to identify potential natural alternatives for the development of prostate cancer anticancer drugs. METHODS: The plants were gathered from Chaharmahal va Bakhtyari and their aerial parts extracted through maceration method using ethanol 70%...
June 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806585/effectiveness-of-low-level-laser-therapy-for-treating-male-infertility
#6
Sergey Vladimirovich Moskvin, Oleg Ivanovich Apolikhin
In half of the cases, the infertility of the couple is due to the disorder of the male fertility. The leading factors that cause male infertility are urogenital infections, disorders of the immune system, testicular and prostate pathology, as well as endocrine disorders. Low level laser therapy (LLLT) is a very effective physical therapy method, used in many areas of medicine, including obstetrics and gynaecology, andrology and urology; and it is recommended as an integral part of the complex treatment of infertility...
June 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480801/late-onset-of-biliopleural-fistula-following-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-a-case-report
#7
Edward Yi-Yung Yu, Fei-Shih Yang, Yu-Jen Chiu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Chi-Cheng Lu, Jai-Sing Yang
Biliopleural fistula (BF) and formation of biliopleural effusion is a rare complication following percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). It occurs when the pleura is traversed by the catheter before entering the bile duct. Biliopleural fistula should be suspected when right side pleural effusion develops following the PTBD procedure. The diagnosis of biliopleural fistula is made when greenish pleural fluid with high concentration of bilirubin is aspirated. Here we present a case where a patient develops a biliopleural fistula following PTBD due to obstructive jaundice caused by neuroendocrine tumor of pancreas...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480800/association-between-oral-corticosteroid-use-and-pyogenic-liver-abscesses-in-a-case-control-study
#8
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are no epidemiological studies focusing on the association between oral corticosteroid use and pyogenic liver abscesses. The aim of the study was to assess whether oral corticosteroid use is associated with increased odds of pyogenic liver abscesses in adults in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective population-based case-control study was conducted to analyze the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program from 2000 to 2013. Subjects aged 20 to 84 years with their first episode of pyogenic liver abscesses were assigned as the cases (n = 881)...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480799/rsf-1-overexpression-determines-cancer-progression-and-drug-resistance-in-cervical-cancer
#9
Xiangyu Wang, Jim Jinn-Chyuan Sheu, Ming-Tsung Lai, Cherry Yin-Yi Chang, Xiugui Sheng, Ling Wei, Yongsheng Gao, Xingwu Wang, Naifu Liu, Wenli Xie, Chih-Mei Chen, Wendy Y Ding, Li Sun
BACKGROUND: Remodeling spacing factor 1 (RSF-1/HBXAP) has been linked to a variety of cancer types, however, its roles and the therapeutic potential are not clear in cervical cancer. METHODS: RSF-1 expression in cancer tissues was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining followed by statistical analysis with SPSS. Anti-RSF-1 studies were performed by treating cells with specific siRNA or a dominant mutant form (RSF-D4). RESULTS: RSF-1 expression correlates with cancer progression that strongly-positive staining can be found in 67...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480798/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-bmi-and-quality-of-life-in-iranian-primary-school-students-in-tehran-iran
#10
Mostafa Farajpour Kh, Mohadeseh PishgahRoodsari, Hamid Salehiniya, Fahimeh Soheilipour
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and quality of life in primary school students in Tehran. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study 829 primary school children and their parents participated. Healthrelated quality of life (HROOL) was evaluated with the Persian version of Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™ 4.0) questionnaire. According to objective measures of height and weight, children BMI computed, and adapted for age and gender...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480797/prevalence-of-integrons-1-2-3-associated-with-antibiotic-resistance-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-from-northwest-of-iran
#11
Shahram Mobaraki, Mohammad Aghazadeh, Mohammad Hossein Soroush Barhaghi, Mohammad Yousef Memar, Hamid Reza Goli, Pourya Gholizadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil
BACKGROUND: The presence of Class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with multi-drug resistance phenotype has rendered the organism as a new concern. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in multi-drug resistant clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa collected from hospitals in the city of Tabriz Materials and Methods: A total of 200 P. aeruginosa non-duplicated clinical isolates were collected from inpatients and outpatients in different wards of hospitals from May to November 2016...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480796/the-molecular-mechanism-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-cin-and-its-link-to-in-vitro-studies-on-iodinated-contrast-media-cm
#12
Jai-Sing Yang, Yan-Ru Peng, Shih-Chang Tsai, Yeu-Sheng Tyan, Chi-Cheng Lu, Hong-Yi Chiu, Yu-Jen Chiu, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Yuh-Feng Tsai, Ping-Chin Lin, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Iodinated contrast media (iodinated CM) have increased ability to absorb x-rays and to visualize structures that normally are impossible to observe in a radiological examination. The use of iodinated CM may destory renal function, commonly known as contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), which can result in acute renal failure (ARF). This review article mainly focuses on the following areas: (1) classifications of iodinated CM: ionic or non-ionic, high-osmolarity contrast media (HOCM), low-osmolarity contrast media (LOCM) and iso-osmolarity contrast media (IOCM); (2) an introduction to the physical and chemical properties of the non-ionic iodinated CM; (3) the management of anaphylactic reaction by iodinated CM; (4) a suggested single injection of adult doses and maximum dose for non-ionic iodinated CM; (5) the molecular mechanism of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN); (6) In vitro studies on iodinated CM...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130451/population-based-cohort-study-investigating-the-association-between-weight-loss-and-pyogenic-liver-abscesses
#13
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Few systematic studies focus on the association between weight loss and pyogenic liver abscesses. The objective of the study was to assess the association between weight loss and pyogenic liver abscesses in adults in Taiwan. METHODS: This population-based cohort study utilized the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program. Totally, 8453 subjects aged 20 to 84 years with newly diagnosed weight loss between 2000 and 2012 were assigned as the weight loss group, and 33777 randomly selected subjects without weight loss were assigned as the non-weight loss group...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130450/lower-risk-of-end-stage-renal-disease-in-diabetic-nurse
#14
Cheng-Chin Pan, Hsiu-Ling Huang, Ming-Chih Chen, Chuan-Yu Kung, Pei-Tseng Kung, Wen-Yu Chou, Wen-Chen Tsai
OBJECTIVES: As professional medical caregivers, nurses have extensive medical knowledge and information than general population. However, they may use their professional knowledge and networks to seek prompt health services. In this study, we aimed to determine susceptibility of nurses with diabetes to developing end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis compared to diabetes patients in the general population. METHODS: This retrospective longitudinal study extracted data of nurses with newly diagnosed diabetes and general patients with diabetes from the National Health Insurance Database between 1998 and 2006 and follow-up to December 2009, satisfied the participant inclusion criteria was 518,058...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130449/the-antioxidant-activity-and-nitric-oxide-production-of-extracts-obtained-from-the-leaves-of-chenopodium-quinoa-willd
#15
Hsiao-Ling Chen, Xiang-Zhen Lan, Yan-Yi Wu, Yu-Wen Ou, Tsung Chi Chen, Wen-Tzu Wu
BACKGROUND: Most reports have indicated the antioxidant capacity of quinoa seeds. However, the leaves of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) are usually worthless and little known about their biological activities. In this study, the antioxidant and immunomodulatory potential of the quinoa leaf extracts were explored. METHODS: The crude leaf extracts of quinoa were extracted using water, 50% ethanol or 95% ethanol as solvent, denoted WQL, 50% EQL and 95% EQL, respectively...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130448/a-review-on-the-effects-of-current-chemotherapy-drugs-and-natural-agents-in-treating-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Chih-Yang Huang, Da-Tong Ju, Chih-Fen Chang, P Muralidhar Reddy, Bharath Kumar Velmurugan
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide, and this makes it an attractive disease to review and possibly improve therapeutic treatment options. Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, targeted treatments, and immunotherapy separate or in combination are commonly used to treat lung cancer. However, these treatment types may cause different side effects, and chemotherapy-based regimens appear to have reached a therapeutic plateau. Hence, effective, better-tolerated treatments are needed to address and hopefully overcome this conundrum...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130447/only-lasers-can-be-used-for-low-level-laser-therapy
#17
Sergey Vladimirovich Moskvin
The question of lasers' exclusivity, as well as the degree of influence of special properties of low-intensity laser illumination (LILI), such as coherence, polarity and monochromaticity, on the effectiveness of low level laser therapy (LLLT) continues to cause arguments. The study analyzes publications from 1973 to 2016, in which laser and conventional light sources are compared, and the following conclusions are drawn. First, there are a lot of publications with incorrect comparison or unfounded statements...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130446/the-role-of-mucin-educated-platelet-activation-in-tumor-invasiveness-an-unfolding-concern-in-the-realm-of-cancer-biology
#18
EDITORIAL
Akbar Shoukat Ali, Arzoo Ajaz
Metastasis is a complex and well-coordinated phenotypic transformation of cancer cells governed by aberrant genetic and molecular pathways. It has been approved as the most consistent cause of cancer death. With emerging insight into the genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics, progress has been made and reasonably large number of molecular pathways of metastasis has been forwarded, but our understanding of precise underlying molecular mechanisms remains largely scarce. It has been well-known for around a decade and more that platelets are intriguingly contributing to the cancer metastasis...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840834/risk-of-contracting-pneumonia-among-patients-with-predialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#19
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to investigate the association between predialysis chronic kidney disease and contracting pneumonia in Taiwan. METHODS: We employed a population-based, retrospective cohort design using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) Program. There were 18807 subjects aged 20-84 years who were newly diagnosed with predialysis chronic kidney disease between 2000 to 2012 as the predialysis chronic kidney disease group and 18807 randomly selected subjects without chronic kidney disease as the non-chronic kidney disease group...
September 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840833/the-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-glycative-effects-of-rosmarinic-acid-in-the-livers-of-type-1-diabetic-mice
#20
Yu-Ju Wen, Mei-Chin Yin
BACKGROUND: Rosmarinic acid (RA) is a polyphenol present in members of the Lamiaceae family. In this study, yhe anti-inflammatory and anti-glycative effects of RA in the livers of type 1 diabetic mice were examined. METHODS: The diabetic mice were divided into three groups: diabetic mice with 0, low dose RA (25 mg/ml), and high dose RA (50 mg/ml). One group of non-diabetic mice was used as a control for comparison. RA was supplied via daily 200 μL oral injections for 9 weeks...
September 2017: BioMedicine
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