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BioMedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480801/late-onset-of-biliopleural-fistula-following-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-a-case-report
#1
Edward Yi-Yung Yu, Fei-Shih Yang, Yu-Jen Chiu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Chi-Cheng Lu, Jai-Sing Yang
Biliopleural fistula (BF) and formation of biliopleural effusion is a rare complication following percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). It occurs when the pleura is traversed by the catheter before entering the bile duct. Biliopleural fistula should be suspected when right side pleural effusion develops following the PTBD procedure. The diagnosis of biliopleural fistula is made when greenish pleural fluid with high concentration of bilirubin is aspirated. Here we present a case where a patient develops a biliopleural fistula following PTBD due to obstructive jaundice caused by neuroendocrine tumor of pancreas...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480800/association-between-oral-corticosteroid-use-and-pyogenic-liver-abscesses-in-a-case-control-study
#2
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are no epidemiological studies focusing on the association between oral corticosteroid use and pyogenic liver abscesses. The aim of the study was to assess whether oral corticosteroid use is associated with increased odds of pyogenic liver abscesses in adults in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective population-based case-control study was conducted to analyze the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program from 2000 to 2013. Subjects aged 20 to 84 years with their first episode of pyogenic liver abscesses were assigned as the cases (n = 881)...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480799/rsf-1-overexpression-determines-cancer-progression-and-drug-resistance-in-cervical-cancer
#3
Xiangyu Wang, Jim Jinn-Chyuan Sheu, Ming-Tsung Lai, Cherry Yin-Yi Chang, Xiugui Sheng, Ling Wei, Yongsheng Gao, Xingwu Wang, Naifu Liu, Wenli Xie, Chih-Mei Chen, Wendy Y Ding, Li Sun
BACKGROUND: Remodeling spacing factor 1 (RSF-1/HBXAP) has been linked to a variety of cancer types, however, its roles and the therapeutic potential are not clear in cervical cancer. METHODS: RSF-1 expression in cancer tissues was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining followed by statistical analysis with SPSS. Anti-RSF-1 studies were performed by treating cells with specific siRNA or a dominant mutant form (RSF-D4). RESULTS: RSF-1 expression correlates with cancer progression that strongly-positive staining can be found in 67...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480798/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-bmi-and-quality-of-life-in-iranian-primary-school-students-in-tehran-iran
#4
Mostafa Farajpour Kh, Mohadeseh PishgahRoodsari, Hamid Salehiniya, Fahimeh Soheilipour
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and quality of life in primary school students in Tehran. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study 829 primary school children and their parents participated. Healthrelated quality of life (HROOL) was evaluated with the Persian version of Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™ 4.0) questionnaire. According to objective measures of height and weight, children BMI computed, and adapted for age and gender...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480797/prevalence-of-integrons-1-2-3-associated-with-antibiotic-resistance-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-from-northwest-of-iran
#5
Shahram Mobaraki, Mohammad Aghazadeh, Mohammad Hossein Soroush Barhaghi, Mohammad Yousef Memar, Hamid Reza Goli, Pourya Gholizadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil
BACKGROUND: The presence of Class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with multi-drug resistance phenotype has rendered the organism as a new concern. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in multi-drug resistant clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa collected from hospitals in the city of Tabriz Materials and Methods: A total of 200 P. aeruginosa non-duplicated clinical isolates were collected from inpatients and outpatients in different wards of hospitals from May to November 2016...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480796/the-molecular-mechanism-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-cin-and-its-link-to-in-vitro-studies-on-iodinated-contrast-media-cm
#6
Jai-Sing Yang, Yan-Ru Peng, Shih-Chang Tsai, Yeu-Sheng Tyan, Chi-Cheng Lu, Hong-Yi Chiu, Yu-Jen Chiu, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Yuh-Feng Tsai, Ping-Chin Lin, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Iodinated contrast media (iodinated CM) have increased ability to absorb x-rays and to visualize structures that normally are impossible to observe in a radiological examination. The use of iodinated CM may destory renal function, commonly known as contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), which can result in acute renal failure (ARF). This review article mainly focuses on the following areas: (1) classifications of iodinated CM: ionic or non-ionic, high-osmolarity contrast media (HOCM), low-osmolarity contrast media (LOCM) and iso-osmolarity contrast media (IOCM); (2) an introduction to the physical and chemical properties of the non-ionic iodinated CM; (3) the management of anaphylactic reaction by iodinated CM; (4) a suggested single injection of adult doses and maximum dose for non-ionic iodinated CM; (5) the molecular mechanism of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN); (6) In vitro studies on iodinated CM...
March 2018: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130451/population-based-cohort-study-investigating-the-association-between-weight-loss-and-pyogenic-liver-abscesses
#7
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Few systematic studies focus on the association between weight loss and pyogenic liver abscesses. The objective of the study was to assess the association between weight loss and pyogenic liver abscesses in adults in Taiwan. METHODS: This population-based cohort study utilized the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program. Totally, 8453 subjects aged 20 to 84 years with newly diagnosed weight loss between 2000 and 2012 were assigned as the weight loss group, and 33777 randomly selected subjects without weight loss were assigned as the non-weight loss group...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130450/lower-risk-of-end-stage-renal-disease-in-diabetic-nurse
#8
Cheng-Chin Pan, Hsiu-Ling Huang, Ming-Chih Chen, Chuan-Yu Kung, Pei-Tseng Kung, Wen-Yu Chou, Wen-Chen Tsai
OBJECTIVES: As professional medical caregivers, nurses have extensive medical knowledge and information than general population. However, they may use their professional knowledge and networks to seek prompt health services. In this study, we aimed to determine susceptibility of nurses with diabetes to developing end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis compared to diabetes patients in the general population. METHODS: This retrospective longitudinal study extracted data of nurses with newly diagnosed diabetes and general patients with diabetes from the National Health Insurance Database between 1998 and 2006 and follow-up to December 2009, satisfied the participant inclusion criteria was 518,058...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130449/the-antioxidant-activity-and-nitric-oxide-production-of-extracts-obtained-from-the-leaves-of-chenopodium-quinoa-willd
#9
Hsiao-Ling Chen, Xiang-Zhen Lan, Yan-Yi Wu, Yu-Wen Ou, Tsung Chi Chen, Wen-Tzu Wu
BACKGROUND: Most reports have indicated the antioxidant capacity of quinoa seeds. However, the leaves of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) are usually worthless and little known about their biological activities. In this study, the antioxidant and immunomodulatory potential of the quinoa leaf extracts were explored. METHODS: The crude leaf extracts of quinoa were extracted using water, 50% ethanol or 95% ethanol as solvent, denoted WQL, 50% EQL and 95% EQL, respectively...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130448/a-review-on-the-effects-of-current-chemotherapy-drugs-and-natural-agents-in-treating-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Chih-Yang Huang, Da-Tong Ju, Chih-Fen Chang, P Muralidhar Reddy, Bharath Kumar Velmurugan
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide, and this makes it an attractive disease to review and possibly improve therapeutic treatment options. Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, targeted treatments, and immunotherapy separate or in combination are commonly used to treat lung cancer. However, these treatment types may cause different side effects, and chemotherapy-based regimens appear to have reached a therapeutic plateau. Hence, effective, better-tolerated treatments are needed to address and hopefully overcome this conundrum...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130447/only-lasers-can-be-used-for-low-level-laser-therapy
#11
Sergey Vladimirovich Moskvin
The question of lasers' exclusivity, as well as the degree of influence of special properties of low-intensity laser illumination (LILI), such as coherence, polarity and monochromaticity, on the effectiveness of low level laser therapy (LLLT) continues to cause arguments. The study analyzes publications from 1973 to 2016, in which laser and conventional light sources are compared, and the following conclusions are drawn. First, there are a lot of publications with incorrect comparison or unfounded statements...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130446/the-role-of-mucin-educated-platelet-activation-in-tumor-invasiveness-an-unfolding-concern-in-the-realm-of-cancer-biology
#12
EDITORIAL
Akbar Shoukat Ali, Arzoo Ajaz
Metastasis is a complex and well-coordinated phenotypic transformation of cancer cells governed by aberrant genetic and molecular pathways. It has been approved as the most consistent cause of cancer death. With emerging insight into the genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics, progress has been made and reasonably large number of molecular pathways of metastasis has been forwarded, but our understanding of precise underlying molecular mechanisms remains largely scarce. It has been well-known for around a decade and more that platelets are intriguingly contributing to the cancer metastasis...
December 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840834/risk-of-contracting-pneumonia-among-patients-with-predialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#13
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to investigate the association between predialysis chronic kidney disease and contracting pneumonia in Taiwan. METHODS: We employed a population-based, retrospective cohort design using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) Program. There were 18807 subjects aged 20-84 years who were newly diagnosed with predialysis chronic kidney disease between 2000 to 2012 as the predialysis chronic kidney disease group and 18807 randomly selected subjects without chronic kidney disease as the non-chronic kidney disease group...
September 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840833/the-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-glycative-effects-of-rosmarinic-acid-in-the-livers-of-type-1-diabetic-mice
#14
Yu-Ju Wen, Mei-Chin Yin
BACKGROUND: Rosmarinic acid (RA) is a polyphenol present in members of the Lamiaceae family. In this study, yhe anti-inflammatory and anti-glycative effects of RA in the livers of type 1 diabetic mice were examined. METHODS: The diabetic mice were divided into three groups: diabetic mice with 0, low dose RA (25 mg/ml), and high dose RA (50 mg/ml). One group of non-diabetic mice was used as a control for comparison. RA was supplied via daily 200 μL oral injections for 9 weeks...
September 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840832/torenia-concolor-lindley-var-formosana-yamazaki-extracts-improve-inflammatory-response-and-lipid-accumulation-via-ppars-activation
#15
Yu-Chia Liang, Jun-Cheng Hu, Pei-Ying Li, Guan-Jhong Huang, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Che-Yi Chao
Background/Introduction: At present, human diet is replete with sugar and fat. Abnormal metabolism and hyperglycemia or hyperlipidemia in the body induces the development of an overactive and continuous inflammatory response, resulting in obesity and metabolic syndromes, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and insulin resistance. Torenia concolor Lindley var. formosana Yamazaki (TC), a perennial creeping herbaceous plant, is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb widely used for the treatment of heat stroke, aching muscles and bones, cold, dysentery, and ambustion...
September 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840831/fluvastatin-use-and-risk-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#16
Kuan-Fu Liao, Po-Tsung Huang, Ching-Chun Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Shih-Wei Lai
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between fluvastatin use and acute pancreatitis in Taiwan. METHODS: Using the database from the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) Program, we designed a case-control study which consisted of 3501 individuals aged 20-84 with new at-the-time diagnoses acute pancreatitis as the case group and 8373 randomly selected individuals without acute pancreatitis as the control group during the period of 1998-2011. Both groups were matched for sex, age, and index year of being diagnosed with acute pancreatitis...
September 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840830/mesh-materials-and-hernia-repair
#17
Santhini Elango, Sakthivel Perumalsamy, Krishnakumar Ramachandran, Ketankumar Vadodaria
Hernia incidence has been observed since ancient time. Advancement in the medical textile industry came up with the variety of mesh materials to repair hernia, but none of them are without complications including recurrence of hernia. Therefore individuals once developed with the hernia could not lead a healthy and comfortable life. This drawn attention of surgeons, patients, researchers and industry to know the exact mechanism behind its development, complications and recurrence. Recent investigations highlighted the role of genetic factors and connective tissue disorders being the reason for the development of hernia apart from the abnormal pressure that is known to develop during other disease conditions...
September 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840829/transglutaminase-2-in-human-diseases
#18
Zsuzsa Szondy, Ilma Korponay-Szabó, Robert Király, Zsolt Sarang, Gregory J Tsay
Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is an inducible transamidating acyltransferase that catalyzes Ca(2+)-dependent protein modifications. In addition to being an enzyme, TG2 also serves as a G protein for several seven transmembrane receptors and acts as a co-receptor for integrin β1 and β3 integrins distinguishing it from other members of the transglutaminase family. TG2 is ubiquitously expressed in almost all cell types and all cell compartments, and is also present on the cell surface and gets secreted to the extracellular matrix via non-classical mechanisms...
September 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612712/subcutaneous-injection-induced-cellulites
#19
Kao-Chi Cheng, Po-Tsung Huang, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin
In the hospice ward where patients are in the terminal stages of cancer, it is common practice to give them a subcutaneous injection of pain relievers to reduce their pain and make them more comfortable. Most of these patients are elderly and have low blood pressure or poor veins, which often makes it difficult to inject them because of the calcification at previous injection sites. Thus, subcutaneous injections are a convenient way to maintain analgesia and patient comfort. Our patient, a 73-year-old aboriginal woman, was diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma and peritoneal carcinomatosis in March, 2004...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612711/alleviative-effects-from-boswellic-acid-on-acetaminophen-induced-hepatic-injury-corrected-and-republished-from-biomedicine-taipei-2016-jun-6-2-9-doi-10-7603-s40681-016-0009-1pmcid-pmc4864770
#20
Lung-Che Chen, Li-Hong Hu, Mei-Chin Yin
Protective effects of boswellic acid (BA) against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity in Balb/ cA mice were examined. BA, at 0.05 or 0.1%, was supplied for 4 weeks. Acute liver injury was induced by APAP treatment. Results showed that BA intake increased hepatic BA bioavailability. APAP treatment decreased glutathione (GSH) level, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) production; and lowered activity and protein expression of glutathione reductase (GR) and heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in liver...
June 2017: BioMedicine
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