Read by QxMD icon Read


Kao-Chi Cheng, Wen-Yuan Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Hsueh-Chou Lai, Shih-Wei Lai
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A metric that predicts the presence of cancer-related liver disease would allow early implementation of treatment. We compared the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with no evidence of liver disease, with a cancer-associated liver disease, and with a liver disease not associated with cancer. METHODS: Retrospective, hospital-based, cross-sectional study which reviewed the medical records of subjects who underwent health examinations at a Taiwanese hospital from 2000 to 2004 and who had normal levels of amino transaminases...
August 2016: BioMedicine
Chen-Sheng Lin, Cheng-Wen Lin
A subclavian artery-esophageal fistula usually occurs on the right side of an aberrant subclavian artery. It also rarely appears in the site between a non-aberrant subclavian artery and the esophagus due to the ingestion of a foreign body. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the case of a subclavian artery-esophageal fistula is rare but often fatal. Here, we report on a 62-year-old male patient with a left subclavian arteryesophageal fistula complicated by hemorrhagic shock. He swallowed a foreign body at a birthday party...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Yuan-Man Hsu, Mei-Chin Yin
BACKGROUND: Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6) upon fatty acid composition, oxidative and inflammatory factors and aging proteins in brain of d-galactose (DG) treated aging mice were examined. METHODS: Each fatty acid at 7 mg/kg BW/week was supplied for 8 weeks. Brain aging was induced by DG treatment (100 mg/kg body weight) via daily subcutaneous injection for 8 weeks. RESULTS: DG, EPA and DHA treatments changed brain fatty acid composition...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Ming-Chei Maa, Tzeng-Horng Leu
As an evolutionarily conserved mechanism, innate immunity controls self-nonself discrimination to protect a host from invasive pathogens. Macrophages are major participants of the innate immune system. Through the activation of diverse Toll-like receptors (TLRs), macrophages are triggered to initiate a variety of functions including locomotion, phagocytosis, and secretion of cytokines that requires the participation of tyrosine kinases. Fgr, Hck, and Lyn are myeloid-specific Src family kinases. Despite their constitutively high expression in macrophages, their absence does not impair LPS responsiveness...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Chien-Yi Chan, Chia-Hsien Lien, Ming-Fen Lee, Chun-Yin Huang
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with aberrant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is often associated with a poor prognosis and a low survival rate. Hence, efficient inhibition of the EGFR signaling-mediated malignancy would improve survival rate. In a previous study, we demonstrated that quercetin appears to be a potent anti-tumorigenic agent through its inhibition of the EGFR/Akt pathway in oral cancer, but its anti-metastatic potential in HNSCC remains unclear [1]. Here, we have hypothesized that quercetin might be effective in metastatic inhibition in EGFR-overexpressing HNSCC cells...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Hean Ooi
Bedside pleuroscopy can be used in daily practice by medical pulmonologists if a patient cannot tolerate either general anesthesia or being moved to an operating or endoscopy room due to their critical condition. It is a simple and safe technique that rarely has complications. The aim of this review is to summarize recent literatures about bedside pleuroscopy and share our experiences with using it in Taiwan.
June 2016: BioMedicine
Chung-Chieh Hung, Chieh-Hsin Lin, Hsien-Yuan Lane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: BioMedicine
Hsien-Feng Lin, Shih-Wei Lai, Wen-Yuan Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Ching-Mei Chang
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and explore its related factors in Central Taiwan. METHODS: The study employed a retrospective design. The study selected a sample of 5,550 subjects between the years 2000 to 2004. The indivduals undergoing health examinations in a medical center in Central Taiwan were enrolled as subjects for this research. The patients' demographics, smoking and drinking habits, laboratory findings, and abdominal ultrasound results were collected and analyzed...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Lung-Che Chen, Li-Hong Hu, Mei-Chin Yin
Protective effects of boswellic acid (BA) against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity in Balb/ cA mice were examined. BA, at 0.05 or 0.1%, was supplied for 4 weeks. Acute liver injury was induced by APAP treatment. Results showed that BA intake increased hepatic BA bioavailability. APAP treatment decreased glutathione (GSH) level, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) production; and lowered activity and protein expression of glutathione reductase (GR) and heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in liver...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Wei-Ching Lin, Chien-Heng Lin
The accurate diagnosis of pediatric acute abdominal pain is one of the most challenging tasks in the emergency department (ED) due to its unclear clinical presentation and non-specific findings in physical examinations, laboratory data, and plain radiographs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of abdominal multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) performed in the ED on pediatric patients presenting with acute abdominal pain. A retrospective chart review of children aged <18 years with acute abdominal pain who visited the emergency department and underwent MDCT between September 2004 and June 2007 was conducted...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Shih-Wei Lai
Zolpidem is a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic drug commonly used for the treatment of insomnia. However, to date, extensive evidence has shown that zolpidem use is a factor associated with certain clinical conditions, not that it treats these conditions. The aim of this review is to summarize current published articles on the risks and benefits of zolpidem use.
June 2016: BioMedicine
Shih-Yin Chen, Yuan-Man Hsu, Ying-Ju Lin, Yu-Chuen Huang, Chao-Jung Chen, Wei-De Lin, Wen-Lin Liao, Yng-Tay Chen, Wei-Yong Lin, Yu-Huei Liu, Jai-Sing Yang, Jinn-Chyuan Sheu, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most feared complications of diabetes and is a leading cause of acquired blindness in working adults. The prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes in Taiwan is about 4%, and the annual incidence of T2D (Type 2 Diabetes) in Taiwan is 1.8% following the 1985 WHO criteria. Multiple mechanisms have been shown in T2DR with some signaling pathways, including the polyol pathway, PKC pathway, AGEs pathway, and MAPK pathway. However, the cause of vision loss in diabetic retinopathy is complex and remains incompletely understood...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Kai-Po Chang, Chi-Ping Huang, Han Chang
Solitary renal metastasis of esophageal cancer is rare clinically, with only 14 cases being reported in the literature. The authors here report a case of a 53-year-old man with a metachronous hypopharyngeal and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who developed a solitary renal metastasis after complete chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer, and subsequently received a left nephrectomy. The metastatic esophageal cancer was indistinguishable from primary renal neoplasm in the computed tomography but showed the histopathologic characteristic of esophageal cancer in directly invading the renal artery, and the tumor spreading in the kidney...
March 2016: BioMedicine
Chia-Cherng Yu, Chiang-Ting Chien, Tzu-Ching Chang
Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity leaded to apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells (ECs) and tubulointerstitial fibrosis through ROS stress and inflammatory cytokines. Tubulointerstitial fibrosis caused by cisplatin might be via activation of resident fibroblasts and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of tubular ECs. Inflammatory niche was crucial for progression of fibroblast activation or EMT. It had been reported that M1/M2 macrophage polarization regulated pro-inflammation or pro-resolving phase in damage repairing...
March 2016: BioMedicine
Wen-Shin Chang, Liang-Chih Liu, Chieh-Lun Hsiao, Chen-Hsien Su, Hwei-Chung Wang, Hong-Xue Ji, Chia-Wen Tsai, Ming-Chei Maa, Da-Tian Bau
The tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are a family of multifunctional proteins which have been shown to be upregulated in various types of cancers. However, the contribution of TIMPs in breast cancer is not fully understood, not to mention triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). This study's aim was to evaluate the contribution of TIMP-1 rs4898, rs6609533, and rs2070584 genotypes to the risk of breast cancer, especially the subtype of TNBC. The contributions of these TIMP-1 genotypes to cancer risk were examined among 1232 breast cancer patients and 1232 healthy controls, and several clinicopathologic factors were also analyzed...
March 2016: BioMedicine
Ling-Chu Chang, Yung-Luen Yu
Carcinogenesis is a complicated process that involves the deregulation of epigenetics resulting in cellular transformational events, such proliferation, differentiation, and metastasis. Epigenetic machinery changes the accessibility of chromatin to transcriptional regulation through DNA modification. The collaboration of epigenetics and gene transcriptional regulation creates a suitable microenvironment for cancer development, which is proved by the alternation in cell proliferation, differentiation, division, metabolism, DNA repair and movement...
March 2016: BioMedicine
Yi-Ping Huang, Nai Wen Chang
Metabolic reprogramming plays a crucial role in the development of cancer. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of fenofibrate, an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), on gene expression profiles of mitochondrial energy metabolism. Our results showed that PPARα expression was negatively correlated with tumor progression in an oral cancer mouse model. Activation of PPARα through fenofibrate suppressed migration of oral cancer cells. Differential protein profiling demonstrated that expressions of genes related to mitochondrial energy metabolism were either up-regulated (Atp5g3, Cyc1, Ndufa5, Ndufa10, and Sdhd) or down-regulated (Cox5b, Ndufa1, Ndufb7, and Uqcrh) through PPARα activation and response...
March 2016: BioMedicine
Hsiao-Fan Chen, Kou-Juey Wu
Hypoxia in tumors is primarily a pathophysiologic consequence of structurally and functionally disturbed microcirculation with inadequate supply of oxygen. Tumor hypoxia is strongly associated with tumor propagation, malignant progression, and resistance to therapy. Aberrant epigenetic regulation plays a crucial role in the process of hypoxia-driven malignant progression. Convert of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) by ten-eleven translocation (TET) family enzymes plays important biological functions in embryonic stem cells, development, aging and disease...
March 2016: BioMedicine
Chung-Chieh Hung, Yung-Wen Ku
Art therapy has been considered a guideline treatment for schizophrenia. Due to difficulty in the outcome measurement, the research is difficult and controversial. Here, we presented two schizophrenic patients receiving the regular art group therapy. We compared their characteristics and different outcome. Art therapy is difficult to quantify. However, we could qualify the improvement from the individual case. Further study might be focus on how to make appropriate qualification of art therapy and individualized difference instead of enrollment of huge data bank...
December 2015: BioMedicine
Selvaraj Dhivya, Viswanadha Vijaya Padma, Elango Santhini
Wound healing is a dynamic and complex process which requires suitable environment to promote healing process. With the advancement in technology, more than 3000 products have been developed to treat different types of wounds by targeting various aspects of healing process. The present review traces the history of dressings from its earliest inception to the current status and also discusses the advantage and limitations of the dressing materials.
December 2015: BioMedicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"