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BioMedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612712/subcutaneous-injection-induced-cellulites
#1
Kao-Chi Cheng, Po-Tsung Huang, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin
In the hospice ward where patients are in the terminal stages of cancer, it is common practice to give them a subcutaneous injection of pain relievers to reduce their pain and make them more comfortable. Most of these patients are elderly and have low blood pressure or poor veins, which often makes it difficult to inject them because of the calcification at previous injection sites. Thus, subcutaneous injections are a convenient way to maintain analgesia and patient comfort. Our patient, a 73-year-old aboriginal woman, was diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma and peritoneal carcinomatosis in March, 2004...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612711/alleviative-effects-from-boswellic-acid-on-acetaminophen-induced-hepatic-injury-corrected-and-republished-from-biomedicine-taipei-2016-jun-6-2-9-doi-10-7603-s40681-016-0009-1pmcid-pmc4864770
#2
Lung-Che Chen, Li-Hong Hu, Mei-Chin Yin
Protective effects of boswellic acid (BA) against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity in Balb/ cA mice were examined. BA, at 0.05 or 0.1%, was supplied for 4 weeks. Acute liver injury was induced by APAP treatment. Results showed that BA intake increased hepatic BA bioavailability. APAP treatment decreased glutathione (GSH) level, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) production; and lowered activity and protein expression of glutathione reductase (GR) and heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in liver...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612710/yc-1-induces-g0-g1-phase-arrest-and-mitochondria-dependent-apoptosis-in-cisplatin-resistant-human-oral-cancer-car-cells
#3
Miau-Rong Lee, Chingju Lin, Chi-Cheng Lu, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Je-Wei Tsao, Yu-Ning Juan, Hong-Yi Chiu, Fang-Yu Lee, Jai-Sing Yang, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Oral cancer is a serious and fatal disease. Cisplatin is the first line of chemotherapeutic agent for oral cancer therapy. However, the development of drug resistance and severe side effects cause tremendous problems clinically. In this study, we investigated the pharmacologic mechanisms of YC-1 on cisplatin-resistant human oral cancer cell line, CAR. Our results indicated that YC-1 induced a concentration-dependent and time-dependent decrease in viability of CAR cells analyzed by MTT assay. Real-time image analysis of CAR cells by IncuCyte™ Kinetic Live Cell Imaging System demonstrated that YC-1 inhibited cell proliferation and reduced cell confluence in a time-dependent manner...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612709/potential-phytoestrogen-alternatives-exert-cardio-protective-mechanisms-via-estrogen-receptors
#4
Marthandam Asokan Shibu, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chia-Hua Kuo, Cecilia-Hsuan Day, Chia-Yao Shen, Li-Chin Chung, Chao-Hung Lai, Lung-Fa Pan, V Vijaya Padma, Chih-Yang Huang
The 17 beta-estradiol (E2) is a sex hormone that is most abundant and most active estrogen in premenopausal women. The importance of E2 in providing cardioprotection and reducing the occurrence of heart disease in women of reproductive age has been well recognized. There are three subtype of estrogen receptors (ERs), including ERα, ERβ and GPR30 have been identified and accumulating evidence reveal their roles on E2-mediated genomic and nongenomic pathway in cardiomyocytes against various cardiac insults...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612708/contribution-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-1-genotypes-to-gastric-cancer-susceptibility-in-taiwan
#5
Mei-Due Yang, Kuo-Cheng Lin, Meng-Chun Lu, Long-Bin Jeng, Chieh-Lun Hsiao, Te-Cheng Yueh, Chun-Kai Fu, Hsin-Ting Li, Shiou-Ting Yen, Chia-Wen Lin, Cin-Wun Wu, Su-Yi Pang, Da-Tian Bau, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1), an interstitial collagenase regulating the extracellular matrix, plays a major role in carcinogenesis of gastric cancer, a leading cause of death worldwide. In literature, the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) promoter -1607 1G/2G (rs1799750) at the MMP1 gene promoter has been reported to alter its own transcription level. While the importance's of the genotype of MMP1 promoter -1607 has not yet been studied in gastric cancer in Taiwan, our aim was to investigate MMP1 promoter -1607 genotypes and gastric cancer (GC) susceptibility in central Taiwan population...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612707/genetic-characteristic-of-class-1-integrons-in-proteus-mirabilis-isolates-from-urine-samples
#6
Chih-Ming Chen, Chih-Ho Lai, Hwa-Jene Wu, Lii-Tzu Wu
BACKGROUND: Proteus mirabilis is an opportunistic pathogen, commonly associated with complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs). UTIs caused by multidrug-resistant Proteus mirabilis have increased worldwide. Multidrug-resistance of Gram-negative enteric bacteria is usually associated with class 1 integrons. PURPOSES: To investigate the prevalence and characterize gene cassettes of class 1 integrons in multidrug-resistant P. mirabilis Methods: From 2006 to 2008, 314 P...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612706/autophagy-and-its-link-to-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Jai-Sing Yang, Chi-Cheng Lu, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Yuan-Man Hsu, Shih-Chang Tsai, Shih-Yin Chen, Yng-Tay Chen, Ying-Ju Lin, Yu-Chuen Huang, Chao-Jung Chen, Wei-De Lin, Wen-Lin Liao, Wei-Yong Lin, Yu-Huei Liu, Jinn-Chyuan Sheu, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Autophagy, a double-edged sword for cell survival, is the research object on 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Autophagy is a molecular mechanism for maintaining cellular physiology and promoting survival. Defects in autophagy lead to the etiology of many diseases, including diabetes mellitus (DM), cancer, neurodegeneration, infection disease and aging. DM is a metabolic and chronic disorder and has a higher prevalence in the world as well as in Taiwan. The character of diabetes mellitus is hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474583/correction-notice-to-alleviative-effects-from-boswellic-acid-on-acetaminophen-induced-hepatic-injury-biomedicine-taipei-2016-jun-6-2-9-doi-10-7603-s40681-016-0009-1
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474582/delayed-extensive-lumbar-sub-dural-effusion-following-discectomy-clinical-imaging-and-case-report
#9
Arun-Kumar Kaliya-Perumal, Meng-Ling Lu, Fu-Cheng Kao, Chi-Chien Niu
Incidental durotomy during lumbar spine surgery is a commonly reported complication. Those presenting with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak are usually recognized and repaired intraoperatively. In some circumstances, it may either be unrecognised or occur as a delayed complication. Such delayed occurrences cannot be predicted and its management remain a challenge to the surgeon, especially when it presents as a subdural effusion. We report a 55-year-old man who underwent mini open lumbar discectomy through left side for a prolapsed L4-L5 disc...
March 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474581/presentations-and-management-of-different-causes-of-chylothorax-in-children-one-medical-center-s-experience
#10
Chien-Heng Lin, Wei-Ching Lin, Jeng-Sheng Chang
BACKGROUND: Chylothorax in children is a relatively rare cause of pleural effusion. However, it is usually a common complication of cardiothoracic operations like open-heart surgery. Other etiologies for chylothorax, such as trauma or malignancy, occur more common in adults and rare in children. To explore the etiologies of chylothorax in children, this study analyzed the pediatric patients that were admitted in to onea medical center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the pediatric patients that were admitted to this tertiary transfer center with a diagnosis of chylothorax during the period of 1995 to 2005...
March 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474580/etodolac-and-the-risk-of-acute-pancreatitis
#11
Kuan-Fu Liao, Kao-Chi Cheng, Cheng-Li Lin, Shih-Wei Lai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the association between etodolac use and acute in Taiwan. DESIGN: We designed a case-control study using the database of Taiwan's National Health Insurance. SUBJECTS: In all, 7577 subjects aged 20 years or older with newly diagnosed acute pancreatitis were defined as cases, and 27032 sex-matched and age-matched subjects without acute pancreatitis were defined as controls. The period considered for this study was from 1998 to 2011...
March 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474579/effects-of-swimming-exercise-on-nerve-regeneration-in-a-rat-sciatic-nerve-transection-model
#12
Chien-Fu Liao, Tse-Yen Yang, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Chun-Hsu Yao, Tzong-Der Way, Yueh-Sheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Swimming is commonly considered to be an efficient rehabilitation exercise to treat peripheral nerve injury. However, the most effective resistance level and exercise duration is still unclear. We investigated the effects and mechanisms of swimming at various exertion levels in a rat sciatic nerve transection model. METHODS: Sciatic nerve transection rats were randomized into the following four groups based on swimming duration (from the 7th day to the 28th day post-surgery): sedentary control group (SC), S10 group (10 min/3 times/week), S20 group (20 min/3 times/week), and S30 group (30 min/3 times/week) (n = 10 each)...
March 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474578/kuei-lu-er-xian-jiao-extract-enhances-bmp-2-production-in-osteoblasts
#13
Min-Huan Wu, Ting-Hsuan Lee, Hsiang-Ping Lee, Te-Mao Li, I-Tee Lee, Po-Chuen Shieh, Chih-Hsin Tang
Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disorder, resulting from an imbalance in bone resorption relative to formation. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) is a key regulator in bone formation and osteoblastic differentiation. Hence, compounds that promote BMP expression may be suitable candidates for osteoporosis treatment. This study examined the effects of the traditional Chinese medicinal agent, Kuei-Lu-Er-Xian-Jiao (KLEXJ), on BMP-2 production in osteoblasts. We found that KLEXJ extract promoted osteoblastic differentiation marker ALP activity and increased BMP-2 production; pretreatment with PI3K and Akt inhibitors, or small interfering RNA (siRNA), reduced these effects...
March 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474577/association-of-inflammatory-cytokines-with-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#14
Yao-Lung Liu, Jiung-Hsiun Liu, I-Kuan Wang, Shu-Woei Ju, Tung-Min Yu, I-Ru Chen, Yu-Ching Liu, Chung-Ming Huang, Shih-Yi Lin, Chiz-Tzung Chang, Chiu-Ching Huang
AIMS: Previous study on association between pro-inflammatory cytokines and mortality in PD population is limited. We aimed to investigate here. METHODS: Total 50 patients who underwent incident PD were enrolled in this study. We measured the titers of pro-inflammatory cytokines Interleukin-18(IL-18), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), and Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß). Study outcomes were all-cause mortality, cardiovascular-related mortality, and infection-caused mortality. Cox-regression model was used...
March 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864810/a-case-of-pitt-hopkins-syndrome-presented-with-angelman-like-syndromic-phenotypes
#15
Syuan-Yu Hong, I-Ching Chou, Wei-De Lin, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS), caused by a TCF4 gene mutation, is a condition characterized by intellectual disability and developmental delay, breathing anomalies, epilepsy, and distinctive facial dysmorphism [1]. Its diverse clinical appearance causes pediatricians to confuse it with Angelman syndrome, which is considered one of the family members of Angelman-like syndrome. Herein, we report on a 4 y/o boy with PTHS and discuss its similarities and differences with Angelman syndrome. In doing so we hope to provide a feasible pathway to diagnose rare diseases, especially Angelman-like syndrome...
December 2016: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854050/herpes-zoster-correlates-with-pyogenic-liver-abscesses-in-taiwan
#16
Shen Mei-Ling, Liao Kuan-Fu, Tsai Sung-Mao, Lin Ms Cheng-Li, Lai Shih-Wei
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the paper was to explore the relationship between herpes zoster and pyogenic liver abscesses in Taiwan. METHODS: This was a nationwide cohort study. Using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program, there were 33049 subjects aged 20-84 years who were newly diagnosed with herpes zoster from 1998 to 2010 that were selected for our study, and they were our herpes zoster group. 131707 randomly selected subjects without herpes zoster were our non-herpes zoster group...
December 2016: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854049/facility-evaluation-of-resigned-hospital-physicians-managerial-implications-for-hospital-physician-manpower
#17
Kao-Chi Cheng, Tsung-Lin Lee, Yen-Ju Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Shih-Wei Lai
INTRODUCTION: Turnover of physicians might be responsible for reducing patients' trust and affecting hospital performance. This study aimed to understand physicians' psychological status regarding their hospital work environment and the resources of independent practitioners. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study with 774 physicians who had resigned from hospitals and were now practicing privately in clinics in Taichung City as its study population. A mail survey with a multidimensional questionnaire was sent to each subject...
December 2016: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854048/magnesium-deficiency-and-oxidative-stress-an-update
#18
Anastasia A Zheltova, Maria V Kharitonova, Igor N Iezhitsa, Alexander A Spasov
Magnesium deficiency (MgD) has been shown to impact numerous biological processes at the cellular and molecular levels. In the present review, we discuss the relationship between MgD and oxidative stress (OS). MgD is accompanied by increased levels of OS markers such as lipid, protein and DNA oxidative modification products. Additionally, a relationship was detected between MgD and a weakened antioxidant defence. Different mechanisms associated with MgD are involved in the development and maintenance of OS...
December 2016: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854047/neuroprotection-of-gueichih-fuling-wan-on-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-streptozotocin-induced-hyperglycemic-rats-via-the-inhibition-of-the-cellular-apoptosis-pathway-and-neuroinflammation
#19
Yuh-Fung Chen, Kuo-Jen Wu, Wei-Shih Huang, Yow-Wen Hsieh, Yu-Wen Wang, Huei-Yann Tsai, Ming-Ming Lee
BACKGROUND: Risks of stroke link with complications of hyperglycemia. Gueichih-Fuling-Wan (GFW), according to Chinese Medical Code literature, has the promotion of blood circulation and attenuates the swollen plot. Recent pharmacological studies have pointed out its efficacy in patients with cerebral ischemia or diabetes. Therefore, this study determined whether GFW has the protection against cerebral ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) injury in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemic rats and LPS-induced inflammation in BV-2 microglial cells...
December 2016: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848115/cryotherapy-a-viable-tool-to-remove-broncholiths-under-flexible-bronchoscopy
#20
Sabrina N Campbell, Deepa Lala, Edmundo Rubio
Broncholithiasis is the presence of calcific material within the tracheobronchial tree. Asymptomatic patients can be managed with observation only, whereas symptomatic disease requires surgery, rigid or flexible bronchoscopic removal. Recent reports have shown that flexible bronchoscopy can be a safe and effective option for removal of loose in addition to partially imbedded broncholiths. We present a case of a 65-yearold man with chronic cough that underwent successful cryotherapy assisted bronchoscopic removal of an imbedded broncholith...
December 2016: BioMedicine
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