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Tze Chao Wee, Jennifer O'Riordan
We report on a patient who had neurological deterioration attributed to C5 palsy post C3-C6 posterior decompression and instrumented fusion. A 60-year old man was admitted after a fall from an electric scooter. MRI of the cervical spine confirmed severe cervical spondylosis causing cord compression at C4/5 with associated cord oedema. He underwent posterior cervical decompressive surgery, and he remained neurologically stable post operatively. However, he subsequently developed acute left upper limb weakness limited to the C5 myotome 1 week after surgery whilst undergoing inpatient rehabilitation...
September 2018: BioMedicine
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Little research is available on the relationship between weight loss and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Taiwan. We hope to evaluate whether weight loss could be an early clinical feature of undiagnosed HIV infection in Taiwan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) Program. There were 4748 male subjects aged 1-84 with newly diagnosed weight loss as the weight loss group from 1998-2012 and 18982 age-matched male subjects without weight loss as the non-weight loss group...
September 2018: BioMedicine
Zohre Momenimovahed, Hamid Salehiniya
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a common cancer among women around the world. Due to the geographical differences in incidence, mortality and risk factors of cervical cancer, it is necessary to conduct different studies in different countries. This review study is aimed to investigate the most important aspects of cervical cancer in Iran. METHODS: Reviewing papers without time limitation was conducted with the keywords cervical cancer, Cervix uteri cancer and Iran in their title or abstract...
September 2018: BioMedicine
Samira Foji, Manijeh Yousefi Moghadam, Hosein TabasiAsl, Milad Nazarzadeh, Hamid Salehiniya
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of ENTONOX inhalation and spinal injection on the reduction of labor pain, the Apgar score of the neonates, and their side effects on new-born children and pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present clinical trial study is conducted among the pregnant women in the maternity ward of a child delivery hospital in Iran. All Participants were divided in two groups ENTONOX Inhalation and Spinal Anesthesia...
September 2018: BioMedicine
Miramir Aghdashi, Mahsa Behnemoon, Jila Mahmoodi Rad, Masoumeh Rabiepour
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a life-threatening multisystem inflammatory condition affected any organ system. Considering the role of uric acid as a pro-inflammatory compound in high pulmonary arterial pressure, serum levels of uric acid and its relation to severity and duration of the disease were assessed in SLE patients. METHODS: As a cross-sectional study, 75 patients with SLE were enrolled in Imam Khomeini Hospital and Sahand Clinic. Serum uric acid level was measured by pars azmoon kit...
September 2018: BioMedicine
Chiu-Fang Lee, Ni-Na Chiang, Yao-Hua Lu, Yu-Syuan Huang, Jai-Sing Yang, Shih-Chang Tsai, Chi-Cheng Lu, Fu-An Chen
Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC), a component of dietary food, possesses a powerful anticancer activity. Previous studies have shown that BITC produces a large number of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increases intracellular Ca2+ release from endoplasmic reticulum (ER), leading to the activation of the apoptotic mechanism in tumor cells. However, there is not much known regarding the inhibitory effect of BITC on cisplatin-resistant oral cancer cells. The purpose of this study was to examine the anticancer effect and molecular mechanism of BITC on human cisplatin-resistant oral cancer CAR cells...
September 2018: BioMedicine
Eve Helena Rogers, Vanja Pekovic-Vaughan, John Alan Hunt
In the body, mesenchymal progenitor cells are subjected to a substantial amount external force from different mechanical stresses, each potentially influences their behaviour and maintenance differentially. Tensile stress, or compression loading are just two of these forces, and here we examine the role of cyclical or dynamic mechanical loading on progenitor cell proliferation and differentiation, as well as on other cellular processes including cell morphology, apoptosis and matrix mineralisation. Moreover, we also examine how mechanical stretch can be used to optimise and ready biomaterials before their implantation, and examine the role of the circadian rhythm, the body's innate time keeping system, on biomaterial delivery and acceptance...
September 2018: BioMedicine
Zaira Fernanda Martinho Nicolau, Sergio Tufik, Helena Hachul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: BioMedicine
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Little research is currently available on the relationship between weight loss and pulmonary tuberculosis in Taiwan. This study aimed to evaluate whether weight loss is an early clinical feature of pulmonary tuberculosis in Taiwan. METHOD: This population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program database. There were 6051 subjects aged 20 to 84 years with newly diagnosed weight loss from 2000 to 2012 as the weight loss group, and 24081 randomly selected subjects without weight loss from the same period as the non-weight loss group...
June 2018: BioMedicine
Asieh Moudi, Ali Dashtgard, Hamid Salehiniya, Maryam Sadat Katebi, Mohammad Reza Razmara, Mohammad Reza Jani
BACKGROUND: Menopausal women are widely reported to have poor sleep quality and sleep problems. It is not clear whether increases in sleep disturbance are brought about by hormone changes associated with menopause or due to psychosocial and physical problems. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 600 menopausal women aged between 40 and 60 without any known severe illnesses in the city of Qaen, Iran, from April 2015 to May 2016. Data were collected by Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
June 2018: BioMedicine
Ya-Chen Yang, Zhi-Hong Wang, Mei-Chin Yin
The content of nitric oxide (NO), 3-nitrotyrosine, advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and trans fatty acids (TFAs) in 16 kinds of cured meat products was examined. Results showed that NO and 3-nitrotyrosine levels were in the range of non-detectable to 4.6 μM/mg protein, and non-detectable to 0.49 nmol/mg protein, respectively. Carboxymethyllysine could be detected in 13 kinds of cured meat products; its content was in the range of 48-306 μg/100 g meat. Pentosidine was found in 14 kinds of meat products, in the range of 109-631 μg/100 g meat...
June 2018: BioMedicine
Soheil Hassanipour, Gholamreza Namvar, Mohammad Fathalipour, Hamid Salehiniya
BACKGROUND: The incidence of kidney cancer from different areas of Iran was reported. Nevertheless, there is no available systematic reviews in this regard. Therefore, the present systematic review carried out to estimate the incidence rate of kidney cancer among Iranian people. METHOD: This systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) in September 2017. A search was concluded using Medline/ PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Google scholar for international papers and four national databases (Scientific Information Database, MagIran, IranMedex, and IranDoc) for Persian papers...
June 2018: BioMedicine
Majid Asadi-Samani, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Zahra Lorigooini, Hedayatollah Shirzad
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer has been known as one of the most common malignancy in the men and it is therefore very important to prevent and treat this cancer. In this study, the anticancer effects of 20 species of medicinal plants in Iran, especially those grown in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, were investigated on prostate cancer cell lines to identify potential natural alternatives for the development of prostate cancer anticancer drugs. METHODS: The plants were gathered from Chaharmahal va Bakhtyari and their aerial parts extracted through maceration method using ethanol 70%...
June 2018: BioMedicine
Sergey Vladimirovich Moskvin, Oleg Ivanovich Apolikhin
In half of the cases, the infertility of the couple is due to the disorder of the male fertility. The leading factors that cause male infertility are urogenital infections, disorders of the immune system, testicular and prostate pathology, as well as endocrine disorders. Low level laser therapy (LLLT) is a very effective physical therapy method, used in many areas of medicine, including obstetrics and gynaecology, andrology and urology; and it is recommended as an integral part of the complex treatment of infertility...
June 2018: BioMedicine
Edward Yi-Yung Yu, Fei-Shih Yang, Yu-Jen Chiu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Chi-Cheng Lu, Jai-Sing Yang
Biliopleural fistula (BF) and formation of biliopleural effusion is a rare complication following percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). It occurs when the pleura is traversed by the catheter before entering the bile duct. Biliopleural fistula should be suspected when right side pleural effusion develops following the PTBD procedure. The diagnosis of biliopleural fistula is made when greenish pleural fluid with high concentration of bilirubin is aspirated. Here we present a case where a patient develops a biliopleural fistula following PTBD due to obstructive jaundice caused by neuroendocrine tumor of pancreas...
March 2018: BioMedicine
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are no epidemiological studies focusing on the association between oral corticosteroid use and pyogenic liver abscesses. The aim of the study was to assess whether oral corticosteroid use is associated with increased odds of pyogenic liver abscesses in adults in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective population-based case-control study was conducted to analyze the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program from 2000 to 2013. Subjects aged 20 to 84 years with their first episode of pyogenic liver abscesses were assigned as the cases (n = 881)...
March 2018: BioMedicine
Xiangyu Wang, Jim Jinn-Chyuan Sheu, Ming-Tsung Lai, Cherry Yin-Yi Chang, Xiugui Sheng, Ling Wei, Yongsheng Gao, Xingwu Wang, Naifu Liu, Wenli Xie, Chih-Mei Chen, Wendy Y Ding, Li Sun
BACKGROUND: Remodeling spacing factor 1 (RSF-1/HBXAP) has been linked to a variety of cancer types, however, its roles and the therapeutic potential are not clear in cervical cancer. METHODS: RSF-1 expression in cancer tissues was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining followed by statistical analysis with SPSS. Anti-RSF-1 studies were performed by treating cells with specific siRNA or a dominant mutant form (RSF-D4). RESULTS: RSF-1 expression correlates with cancer progression that strongly-positive staining can be found in 67...
March 2018: BioMedicine
Mostafa Farajpour Kh, Mohadeseh PishgahRoodsari, Hamid Salehiniya, Fahimeh Soheilipour
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and quality of life in primary school students in Tehran. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study 829 primary school children and their parents participated. Healthrelated quality of life (HROOL) was evaluated with the Persian version of Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™ 4.0) questionnaire. According to objective measures of height and weight, children BMI computed, and adapted for age and gender...
March 2018: BioMedicine
Shahram Mobaraki, Mohammad Aghazadeh, Mohammad Hossein Soroush Barhaghi, Mohammad Yousef Memar, Hamid Reza Goli, Pourya Gholizadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil
BACKGROUND: The presence of Class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with multi-drug resistance phenotype has rendered the organism as a new concern. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in multi-drug resistant clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa collected from hospitals in the city of Tabriz Materials and Methods: A total of 200 P. aeruginosa non-duplicated clinical isolates were collected from inpatients and outpatients in different wards of hospitals from May to November 2016...
March 2018: BioMedicine
Jai-Sing Yang, Yan-Ru Peng, Shih-Chang Tsai, Yeu-Sheng Tyan, Chi-Cheng Lu, Hong-Yi Chiu, Yu-Jen Chiu, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Yuh-Feng Tsai, Ping-Chin Lin, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Iodinated contrast media (iodinated CM) have increased ability to absorb x-rays and to visualize structures that normally are impossible to observe in a radiological examination. The use of iodinated CM may destory renal function, commonly known as contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), which can result in acute renal failure (ARF). This review article mainly focuses on the following areas: (1) classifications of iodinated CM: ionic or non-ionic, high-osmolarity contrast media (HOCM), low-osmolarity contrast media (LOCM) and iso-osmolarity contrast media (IOCM); (2) an introduction to the physical and chemical properties of the non-ionic iodinated CM; (3) the management of anaphylactic reaction by iodinated CM; (4) a suggested single injection of adult doses and maximum dose for non-ionic iodinated CM; (5) the molecular mechanism of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN); (6) In vitro studies on iodinated CM...
March 2018: BioMedicine
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