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Syuan-Yu Hong, I-Ching Chou, Wei-De Lin, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS), caused by a TCF4 gene mutation, is a condition characterized by intellectual disability and developmental delay, breathing anomalies, epilepsy, and distinctive facial dysmorphism [1]. Its diverse clinical appearance causes pediatricians to confuse it with Angelman syndrome, which is considered one of the family members of Angelman-like syndrome. Herein, we report on a 4 y/o boy with PTHS and discuss its similarities and differences with Angelman syndrome. In doing so we hope to provide a feasible pathway to diagnose rare diseases, especially Angelman-like syndrome...
December 2016: BioMedicine
Shen Mei-Ling, Liao Kuan-Fu, Tsai Sung-Mao, Lin Ms Cheng-Li, Lai Shih-Wei
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the paper was to explore the relationship between herpes zoster and pyogenic liver abscesses in Taiwan. METHODS: This was a nationwide cohort study. Using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program, there were 33049 subjects aged 20-84 years who were newly diagnosed with herpes zoster from 1998 to 2010 that were selected for our study, and they were our herpes zoster group. 131707 randomly selected subjects without herpes zoster were our non-herpes zoster group...
December 2016: BioMedicine
Kao-Chi Cheng, Tsung-Lin Lee, Yen-Ju Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Shih-Wei Lai
INTRODUCTION: Turnover of physicians might be responsible for reducing patients' trust and affecting hospital performance. This study aimed to understand physicians' psychological status regarding their hospital work environment and the resources of independent practitioners. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study with 774 physicians who had resigned from hospitals and were now practicing privately in clinics in Taichung City as its study population. A mail survey with a multidimensional questionnaire was sent to each subject...
December 2016: BioMedicine
Anastasia A Zheltova, Maria V Kharitonova, Igor N Iezhitsa, Alexander A Spasov
Magnesium deficiency (MgD) has been shown to impact numerous biological processes at the cellular and molecular levels. In the present review, we discuss the relationship between MgD and oxidative stress (OS). MgD is accompanied by increased levels of OS markers such as lipid, protein and DNA oxidative modification products. Additionally, a relationship was detected between MgD and a weakened antioxidant defence. Different mechanisms associated with MgD are involved in the development and maintenance of OS...
December 2016: BioMedicine
Yuh-Fung Chen, Kuo-Jen Wu, Wei-Shih Huang, Yow-Wen Hsieh, Yu-Wen Wang, Huei-Yann Tsai, Ming-Ming Lee
BACKGROUND: Risks of stroke link with complications of hyperglycemia. Gueichih-Fuling-Wan (GFW), according to Chinese Medical Code literature, has the promotion of blood circulation and attenuates the swollen plot. Recent pharmacological studies have pointed out its efficacy in patients with cerebral ischemia or diabetes. Therefore, this study determined whether GFW has the protection against cerebral ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) injury in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemic rats and LPS-induced inflammation in BV-2 microglial cells...
December 2016: BioMedicine
Sabrina N Campbell, Deepa Lala, Edmundo Rubio
Broncholithiasis is the presence of calcific material within the tracheobronchial tree. Asymptomatic patients can be managed with observation only, whereas symptomatic disease requires surgery, rigid or flexible bronchoscopic removal. Recent reports have shown that flexible bronchoscopy can be a safe and effective option for removal of loose in addition to partially imbedded broncholiths. We present a case of a 65-yearold man with chronic cough that underwent successful cryotherapy assisted bronchoscopic removal of an imbedded broncholith...
December 2016: BioMedicine
Te-Chun Hsieh, Yu-Chin Wu, Shung-Shung Sun, Kuo-Yang Yen, Chia-Hung Kao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a disease usually diagnosed in its advanced-stage, and is frequently not amenable to curative surgical treatment. Also, HCC is resistant to chemotherapy and less vulnerable to radiation therapy compared to normal hepatic parenchyma. Both of these facts render the efficacy of adjuvant and palliative treatments problematic. Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) with (90)Y-bearing microspheres is characterized by preferentially delivering substantially high doses of radiation to a liver tumor dose simultaneously limiting the damage to its non-tumorous cells, providing an opportunity for effective local tumor control and even tumor regression therapy...
November 2016: BioMedicine
Kao-Chi Cheng, Wen-Yuan Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Hsueh-Chou Lai, Shih-Wei Lai
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A metric that predicts the presence of cancer-related liver disease would allow early implementation of treatment. We compared the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with no evidence of liver disease, with a cancer-associated liver disease, and with a liver disease not associated with cancer. METHODS: Retrospective, hospital-based, cross-sectional study which reviewed the medical records of subjects who underwent health examinations at a Taiwanese hospital from 2000 to 2004 and who had normal levels of amino transaminases...
August 2016: BioMedicine
Chen-Sheng Lin, Cheng-Wen Lin
A subclavian artery-esophageal fistula usually occurs on the right side of an aberrant subclavian artery. It also rarely appears in the site between a non-aberrant subclavian artery and the esophagus due to the ingestion of a foreign body. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the case of a subclavian artery-esophageal fistula is rare but often fatal. Here, we report on a 62-year-old male patient with a left subclavian arteryesophageal fistula complicated by hemorrhagic shock. He swallowed a foreign body at a birthday party...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Yuan-Man Hsu, Mei-Chin Yin
BACKGROUND: Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6) upon fatty acid composition, oxidative and inflammatory factors and aging proteins in brain of d-galactose (DG) treated aging mice were examined. METHODS: Each fatty acid at 7 mg/kg BW/week was supplied for 8 weeks. Brain aging was induced by DG treatment (100 mg/kg body weight) via daily subcutaneous injection for 8 weeks. RESULTS: DG, EPA and DHA treatments changed brain fatty acid composition...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Ming-Chei Maa, Tzeng-Horng Leu
As an evolutionarily conserved mechanism, innate immunity controls self-nonself discrimination to protect a host from invasive pathogens. Macrophages are major participants of the innate immune system. Through the activation of diverse Toll-like receptors (TLRs), macrophages are triggered to initiate a variety of functions including locomotion, phagocytosis, and secretion of cytokines that requires the participation of tyrosine kinases. Fgr, Hck, and Lyn are myeloid-specific Src family kinases. Despite their constitutively high expression in macrophages, their absence does not impair LPS responsiveness...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Chien-Yi Chan, Chia-Hsien Lien, Ming-Fen Lee, Chun-Yin Huang
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with aberrant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is often associated with a poor prognosis and a low survival rate. Hence, efficient inhibition of the EGFR signaling-mediated malignancy would improve survival rate. In a previous study, we demonstrated that quercetin appears to be a potent anti-tumorigenic agent through its inhibition of the EGFR/Akt pathway in oral cancer, but its anti-metastatic potential in HNSCC remains unclear [1]. Here, we have hypothesized that quercetin might be effective in metastatic inhibition in EGFR-overexpressing HNSCC cells...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Hean Ooi
Bedside pleuroscopy can be used in daily practice by medical pulmonologists if a patient cannot tolerate either general anesthesia or being moved to an operating or endoscopy room due to their critical condition. It is a simple and safe technique that rarely has complications. The aim of this review is to summarize recent literatures about bedside pleuroscopy and share our experiences with using it in Taiwan.
June 2016: BioMedicine
Chung-Chieh Hung, Chieh-Hsin Lin, Hsien-Yuan Lane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: BioMedicine
Hsien-Feng Lin, Shih-Wei Lai, Wen-Yuan Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Ching-Mei Chang
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and explore its related factors in Central Taiwan. METHODS: The study employed a retrospective design. The study selected a sample of 5,550 subjects between the years 2000 to 2004. The indivduals undergoing health examinations in a medical center in Central Taiwan were enrolled as subjects for this research. The patients' demographics, smoking and drinking habits, laboratory findings, and abdominal ultrasound results were collected and analyzed...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Lung-Che Chen, Li-Hong Hu, Mei-Chin Yin
Protective effects of boswellic acid (BA) against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity in Balb/ cA mice were examined. BA, at 0.05 or 0.1%, was supplied for 4 weeks. Acute liver injury was induced by APAP treatment. Results showed that BA intake increased hepatic BA bioavailability. APAP treatment decreased glutathione (GSH) level, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) production; and lowered activity and protein expression of glutathione reductase (GR) and heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in liver...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Wei-Ching Lin, Chien-Heng Lin
The accurate diagnosis of pediatric acute abdominal pain is one of the most challenging tasks in the emergency department (ED) due to its unclear clinical presentation and non-specific findings in physical examinations, laboratory data, and plain radiographs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of abdominal multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) performed in the ED on pediatric patients presenting with acute abdominal pain. A retrospective chart review of children aged <18 years with acute abdominal pain who visited the emergency department and underwent MDCT between September 2004 and June 2007 was conducted...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Shih-Wei Lai
Zolpidem is a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic drug commonly used for the treatment of insomnia. However, to date, extensive evidence has shown that zolpidem use is a factor associated with certain clinical conditions, not that it treats these conditions. The aim of this review is to summarize current published articles on the risks and benefits of zolpidem use.
June 2016: BioMedicine
Shih-Yin Chen, Yuan-Man Hsu, Ying-Ju Lin, Yu-Chuen Huang, Chao-Jung Chen, Wei-De Lin, Wen-Lin Liao, Yng-Tay Chen, Wei-Yong Lin, Yu-Huei Liu, Jai-Sing Yang, Jinn-Chyuan Sheu, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most feared complications of diabetes and is a leading cause of acquired blindness in working adults. The prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes in Taiwan is about 4%, and the annual incidence of T2D (Type 2 Diabetes) in Taiwan is 1.8% following the 1985 WHO criteria. Multiple mechanisms have been shown in T2DR with some signaling pathways, including the polyol pathway, PKC pathway, AGEs pathway, and MAPK pathway. However, the cause of vision loss in diabetic retinopathy is complex and remains incompletely understood...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Kai-Po Chang, Chi-Ping Huang, Han Chang
Solitary renal metastasis of esophageal cancer is rare clinically, with only 14 cases being reported in the literature. The authors here report a case of a 53-year-old man with a metachronous hypopharyngeal and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who developed a solitary renal metastasis after complete chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer, and subsequently received a left nephrectomy. The metastatic esophageal cancer was indistinguishable from primary renal neoplasm in the computed tomography but showed the histopathologic characteristic of esophageal cancer in directly invading the renal artery, and the tumor spreading in the kidney...
March 2016: BioMedicine
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