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Journal of Frailty & Aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244559/high-versus-low-load-resistance-training-the-effect-of-24-weeks-detraining-on-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-in-older-adults
#1
L Nuvagah Forti, E Van Roie, R Njemini, W Coudyzer, I Beyer, C Delecluse, I Bautmans
BACKGROUND: Previously we showed that 12 weeks of mixed-low resistance training (LOW+) significantly increased circulating BDNF in older male individuals. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of 24 weeks detraining on circulating BDNF. DESIGN: Randomized intervention study. SETTING: Community-dwelling older adults. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Forty-seven out of 56 participants stopped training (detraining) after 12 weeks of resistance exercise (3x/week) at either HIGH-resistance (5 Males, 5 Females, 2x10-15 repetitions at 80%1RM), LOW-resistance (6 Males, 7 Females, 1x80-100 repetitions at 20%1RM), or mixed-low LOW+-resistance (6 Males, 8 Females, 1x60 repetitions at 20%1RM followed by 1x10-20 repetitions at 40%1RM), of whom 37 (aged 68±5 years) provided sufficient serum samples for BDNF analysis at baseline, 12 week and at 36 weeks (24 weeks detraining)...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244558/assessing-the-appropriateness-of-oral-anticoagulation-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-advanced-frailty-use-of-stroke-and-bleeding-risk-prediction-models
#2
R O'Caoimh, E Igras, A Ramesh, B Power, K O'Connor, R Liston
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common among frail older adults. Oral anticoagulation (OAC) is particularly challenging for these due to overlapping stroke and bleeding risk factor profiles. OBJECTIVE: To compare the utility of stroke and haemorrhage risk-prediction instruments in the treatment of AF among frail older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: Frail residents in four nursing homes with a Clinical Frailty Scale score ≥5 (median 7±0)...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244557/goal-setting-instruments-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#3
R van Seben, L Reichardt, S Smorenburg, B Buurman
This systematic review summarizes the psychometric properties of goal-setting instruments that are applied within geriatric rehabilitation. PubMed Medline and Embase were systematically searched for eligible articles. Studies were included if they were conducted in a somatic or neurological rehabilitation setting, included patients aged ≥55 years and provided data on instruments' psychometric properties (validity, reliability, responsiveness), utility and/or feasibility. Eleven studies were included. Seven studies, all conducted by one research group, evaluated Goal-Attainment Scaling (GAS), two studies assessed the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and one study the Self-Identified Goals Assessment (SIGA), which is based on the COPM...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244556/relationship-between-fear-of-falling-and-preceived-difficulty-with-grocery-shopping
#4
C S Johnson, K M McLeod
Fear of falling is associated with self-imposed restrictions of basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL/IADL), leading greater risk for functional decline and falls. The inability to independently grocery shop, a food-related IADL, negatively affects nutritional status and survival among seniors. Thus, this study examined the relationship between the fear of falling and difficulty with grocery shopping among seniors (n=98, mean age=82, 83% female), taking into account their functional capacity...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244555/identifying-frailty-levels-and-associated-factors-in-a-population-living-in-the-context-of-poverty-and-social-vulnerability
#5
M S Zazzetta, G A O Gomes, F S Orlandi, A C M Gratão, F A Vasilceac, K Gramani-Say, M A Ponti, P C Castro, S C I Pavarini, A L C Menezes, C M C Nascimento, M R Cominetti
This study aimed to investigate a vulnerable population living in the context of poverty in a Brazilian municipality, in order to identify the factors that are associated with frailty syndrome in elderly people. From the total population living in the area, a random sample of 363 community-dwelling people, 60 years and older, age and gender-stratified, was selected to participate in the research. After losses, a sample of 304 older adults was classified as non-frail, pre-frail and frail. According to the Fried frailty criteria, the prevalence was 12...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244554/body-mass-index-and-its-relationship-with-disability-chronic-diseases-and-frailty-in-older-people-a-comparison-of-the-lipschitz-and-who-classifications
#6
F P A S Pessanha, L P Lustosa, J A O Carneiro, K Pfrimer, P G Fassini, N M C Alves, T L Pontes, J C Moriguti, N K C Lima, E Ferriolli
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric parameters are closely associated with the pathophysiology of frailty and with clinic and functional parameters assessed for its diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible association of the nutritional status of older people as assessed by Body Mass Index (BMI) and functional disability, self-reported chronic diseases and frailty, comparing the use of two different classifications of BMI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244553/prevalence-of-concomitant-bone-and-muscle-wasting-in-elderly-women-from-the-sarcophage-cohort-preliminary-results
#7
M Locquet, C Beaudart, J-Y Reginster, J Petermans, S Gillain, A Quabron, J Slomian, F Buckinx, O Bruyère
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that bone and muscle wasting are closely interconnected. OBJECTIVE: The aim was of this study is to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis in a population of women diagnosed with sarcopenia. Participants, setting and design: We analyzed cross-sectional data of women, aged 65 years and above, for whom bone mineral density was available at the time of inclusion in the SarcoPhAge (Sarcopenia and Physical impairment with advancing Age) cohort, an ongoing prospective study with the aim to assess consequences of sarcopenia...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244552/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-in-community-dwelling-chilean-elders-according-to-an-adapted-version-of-the-european-working-group-on-sarcopenia-in-older-people-ewgsop-criteria
#8
L Lera, C Albala, H Sánchez, B Angel, M J Hormazabal, C Márquez, P Arroyo
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is the progressive loss of mass and skeletal muscle strength and has serious consequences on older people's health. The Chilean older population has a high life-expectancy, but the prevalence of functional dependence is also high. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sarcopenia in Chilean older adults and its relationship with age, gender, and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244551/circulating-cd34-positive-cells-are-associated-with-handgrip-strength-in-japanese-older-men-the-nagasaki-islands-study
#9
H Yamanashi, Y Shimizu, J Koyamatsu, M Nagayoshi, K Kadota, M Tamai, T Maeda
BACKGROUND: Handgrip strength is a simple measurement of overall muscular strength and is used to detect sarcopenia. It also predicts adverse events in later life. Many mechanisms of sarcopenia development have been reported. A hypertensive status impairs endothelial dysfunction, which might deteriorate skeletal muscle if vascular angiogenesis is not maintained. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated muscle strength and circulating CD34-positive cells as a marker of vascular angiogenesis...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244550/public-health-impact-of-frailty-role-of-physical-therapists
#10
A M Gustavson, J R Falvey, C M Jankowski, J E Stevens-Lapsley
Frailty is an emerging and immediate public health concern given the growing aging population. The condition of frailty is characterized by a reduction in physiologic reserve, which places frail older adults at considerable risk for further functional decline, hospitalization, institutionalization, and death. Recent research suggests that frailty may be reversible, which could result in significant improvement in public health. Thus, a strong impetus exists to develop strategies for frail older adults that achieve the Triple Aim through better promotion of population health, optimization of patient experiences, and delivery of high-quality care at minimal cost...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883172/can-an-intervention-with-testosterone-and-nutritional-supplement-improve-the-frailty-level-of-under-nourished-older-people
#11
O Theou, I Chapman, L Wijeyaratne, C Piantadosi, K Lange, V Naganathan, P Hunter, I D Cameron, K Rockwood, R Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a testosterone and a high calorie nutritional supplement intervention can reduce frailty scores in undernourished older people using multiple frailty tools. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: 53 community-dwelling, undernourished men and women aged >65 years from South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales. INTERVENTION: Intervention group received oral testosterone undecanoate and a high calorie supplement (2108-2416 kJ/day) whereas the control group received placebo testosterone and low calorie supplement (142-191 kJ/day)...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883171/frailty-in-postmenopausal-african-american-and-hispanic-hiv-infected-women
#12
P Young, J Shah, C Zhang, D C Ferris, I Colon, M Bucovsky, M Punyanitya, D J McMahon, E Shane, M T Yin
Studies suggest frailty occurs earlier in HIV-infected individuals, but data in postmenopausal HIV-infected women are lacking. We assessed the prevalence of frailty and association with anthropometric measures in HIV-infected and uninfected postmenopausal women. Fried's frailty phenotype was measured in HIV-infected and uninfected Hispanic and African American postmenopausal women participating in a study of bone metabolism; fat and lean mass were measured by whole body dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883170/macvia-lr-fighting-chronic-diseases-for-active-and-healthy-ageing-in-languedoc-roussillon-a-success-story-of-the-european-innovation-partnership-on-active-and-healthy-ageing
#13
J Bousquet, R Bourret, T Camuzat, P Augé, J Bringer, M Noguès, O Jonquet, J E de la Coussaye, J Ankri, M Cesari, O Guérin, B Vellas, H Blain, S Arnavielhe, A Avignon, B Combe, G Canovas, C Daien, G Dray, A Dupeyron, C Jeandel, I Laffont, D Laune, C Marion, E Pastor, J Y Pélissier, B Galan, J Reynes, J C Reuzeau, A Bedbrook, S Granier, P A Adnet, M Amouyal, B Alomène, P L Bernard, C Berr, D Caimmi, P G Claret, D J Costa, J P Cristol, P Fesler, D Hève, J Millot-Keurinck, D Morquin, G Ninot, M C Picot, N Raffort, F Roubille, A Sultan, J Touchon, V Attalin, C Azevedo, M Badin, K Bakhti, B Bardy, M P Battesti, X Bobia, C Boegner, S Boichot, H Y Bonnin, S Bouly, C Boubakri, J L Bourrain, G Bourrel, V Bouix, V Bruguière, S Cade, W Camu, V Carre, G Cavalli, G Cayla, R Chiron, P Coignard, F Coroian, P Costa, J Cottalorda, B Coulet, A L Coupet, M C Courrouy-Michel, P Courtet, V Cros, F Cuisinier, M Danko, P Dauenhauer, M Dauzat, M David, J M Davy, D Delignières, P Demoly, J Desplan, P Dujols, G Dupeyron, O Engberink, M Enjalbert, C Fattal, J Fernandes, M Fouletier, P Fraisse, P Gabrion, M Gellerat-Rogier, A Gelis, C Genis, N Giraudeau, A Y Goucham, F Gouzi, F Gressard, J C Gris, B Guillot, D Guiraud, V Handweiler, M Hayot, C Hérisson, C Heroum, D Hoa, S Jacquemin, S Jaber, D Jakovenko, C Jorgensen, P Kouyoudjian, R Lamoureux, L Landreau, M Lapierre, D Larrey, C Laurent, M S Léglise, J M Lemaitre, A Le Quellec, F Leclercq, S Lehmann, B Lognos, Cj M Lussert, A Makinson, K Mandrick, P Mares, P Martin-Gousset, A Matheron, G Mathieu, M Meissonnier, G Mercier, P Messner, C Meunier, M Mondain, R Morales, J Morel, D Mottet, P Nérin, P Nicolas, F Nouvel, D Paccard, G Pandraud, M P Pasdelou, J L Pasquié, K Patte, S Perrey, Y M Pers, F Portejoie, J L E Pujol, X Quantin, I Quéré, S Ramdani, J Ribstein, I Rédini-Martinez, S Richard, K Ritchie, J P Riso, F Rivier, J M Robine, C Rolland, E Royère, D Sablot, J L Savy, L Schifano, P Senesse, R Sicard, Y Stephan, D Strubel, G Tallon, M Tanfin, H Tassery, I Tavares, K Torre, V Tribout, A Uziel, P Van de Perre, F Venail, C Vergne-Richard, G Vergotte, L Vian, F Vialla, F Viart, M Villain, E Viollet, M Ychou, J Mercier
The Région Languedoc Roussillon is the umbrella organisation for an interconnected and integrated project on active and healthy ageing (AHA). It covers the 3 pillars of the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP on AHA): (A) Prevention and health promotion, (B) Care and cure, (C) and (D) Active and independent living of elderly people. All sub-activities (poly-pharmacy, falls prevention initiative, prevention of frailty, chronic respiratory diseases, chronic diseases with multimorbidities, chronic infectious diseases, active and independent living and disability) have been included in MACVIA-LR which has a strong political commitment and involves all stakeholders (public, private, patients, policy makers) including CARSAT-LR and the Eurobiomed cluster...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883169/association-between-continuous-wearable-activity-monitoring-and-self-reported-functioning-in-assisted-living-facility-and-nursing-home-residents
#14
J Merilahti, I Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Physical functioning is a key factor in independent living, and its preclinical state assessment and monitoring during the subject's normal life would be beneficial. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to analyse associations between ambulatory measured physical activity behaviour and sleep patterns (wrist actigraphy) and self-reported difficulties in performing activities of daily living. Participants, setting and design: 36 residents in assisted living facilities and nursing homes (average age=80...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883168/exercise-interventions-for-preserving-physical-function-among-cancer-survivors-in-middle-to-late-life
#15
C W Daum, S K Cochrane, J D Fitzgerald, L Johnson, T W Buford
The purpose of this review was to evaluate randomized controlled trials aiming to preserve the functional status, i.e. physical capabilities, of middle-aged and older cancer survivors through a structured, physical exercise intervention. The study team performed a thorough search of the literature using six online databases. This literature search limited included studies to randomized controlled trials which implemented a structured physical activity intervention for middle- and older-aged adults diagnosed with cancer...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883167/frailty-is-a-geriatric-syndrome-characterized-by-multiple-impairments-a-comprehensive-approach-is-needed
#16
L-K Chen, A-C Hwang, L-K Liu, W-J Lee, L-N Peng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of frailty and the associated multimorbidity and functional impairments among community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly people in Taiwan. DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. SETTING: communities in I-Lan County of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 1839 community-dwelling people aged 50 years and older. INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS: Frailty defined by Fried's criteria, Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI), Functional Autonomy Measurement System (SMAF), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Mini-Nutrition Assessment (MNA), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Short Form-12 quality of life questionnaire...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883166/effect-of-low-dose-rapamycin-on-senescence-markers-and-physical-functioning-in-older-adults-with-coronary-artery-disease-results-of-a-pilot-study
#17
M Singh, M D Jensen, A Lerman, S Kushwaha, C S Rihal, B J Gersh, A Behfar, T Tchkonia, R J Thomas, R J Lennon, L R Keenan, A G Moore, J L Kirkland
Rapamycin, an mTOR inhibitor affects senescence through suppression of senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). We studied the safety and feasibility of low-dose rapamycin and its effect on SASP and frailty in elderly undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (CR). 13 patients; 6 (0.5mg), 6 (1.0mg), and 1 patient received 2mg oral rapamycin (serum rapamycin <6ng/ml) daily for 12 weeks. Median age was 73.9±7.5 years and 12 were men. Serum interleukin-6 decreased (2.6 vs 4.4 pg/ml) and MMP-3 (26 vs 23.5 ng/ml) increased...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883165/-move-on-against-frailty-time-to-raise-awareness-about-frailty-and-prevention-of-disability-in-the-community
#18
M Inzitari, D Ruiz, J Martos, S Santaeugenia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883164/sarcopenia-trials-in-specific-diseases-report-by-the-international-conference-on-frailty-and-sarcopenia-research-task-force
#19
B Vellas, R Fielding, S Bhasin, F Cerreta, B Goodpaster, J M Guralnik, S Kritchevsky, V Legrand, C Forkin, J Magaziner, J E Morley, L Rodriguez-Manas, R Roubenoff, S Studenski, D T Villareal, M Cesari
Muscle atrophy occurs as a consequence of a number of conditions, including cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes mellitus, heart failure, and other chronic diseases, where it is generally a predictor of poor survival. It also occurs as a consequence of disuse and an age-related loss of muscle mass and strength (sarcopenia). The aims of the 2016, International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research (ICFSR) Task Force were to examine how these specific chronic conditions have been employed in treatment trials thus far and how future trials using these patient groups might be designed for efficient identification of effective sarcopenia interventions...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554321/cocoa-theobroma-cacao-polyphenol-rich-extract-increases-the-chronological-lifespan-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#20
I Baiges, L Arola
BACKGROUND: Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a model organism with conserved aging pathways. Yeast chronological lifespan experiments mimic the processes involved in human non-dividing tissues, such as the nervous system or skeletal muscle, and can speed up the search for biomolecules with potential anti-aging effects before proceeding to animal studies. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a cocoa polyphenol-rich extract (CPE) in expanding the S. cerevisiae chronological lifespan in two conditions: in the stationary phase reached after glucose depletion and under severe caloric restriction...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
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