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International Journal of Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30594907/factors-affecting-senior-medical-students-career-choice
#1
Sophie Querido, Sjoukje van den Broek, Marlies de Rond, Lode Wigersma, Olle Ten Cate
Objectives: To gain insight into factors affecting career preference and career choice during the final phase of medical school, above and beyond a model that was presented by Bland and colleagues in 1995 (the "Bland model"). Methods: A qualitative study was conducted. One-hour semi-structured interviews were conducted with final-year medical students about career preference and the factors influencing preference and choice. The interviews were transcribed and a thematic analysis was applied, to identify patterns and interrelationships in the data and to compare and contrast these with the Bland model...
December 27, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30589414/relation-of-clinical-context-to-accuracy-of-simulator-based-blood-pressure-measurement-by-first-year-medical-students
#2
Yuka Yamazaki, Iku Hiyamizu, Kyoko Joyner, Yukie Abe
Objectives: To explore the association between clinical contexts and accuracy of manikin blood pressure readings by first-year medical students after first Simulation-Based-Education training. Methods: This cross-sectional study, in controlled simulation settings, was comprised of 121 first-year medical student participants after their first Simulation-Based-Education training. Divided into three groups (n = 39, 42 and 40), participants measured blood pressure on three simulator arms assigned different clinical contexts: healthy young male, young female with hypotension, and elderly male with hypertension and diabetes...
December 21, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30588915/pediatric-residents-knowledge-of-epidemiology-and-statistics
#3
LETTER
Darnna Banks, Pamela Botchway, Simi Akintorin, Rosibel Arcia, Kenneth Soyemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30504525/validity-of-the-motivated-strategies-for-learning-questionnaire-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Salman Bin Dayel, Abdurrahman Al Diab, Adel Abdelaziz, Amira Farghaly, Ahmed Al Ansari
Objectives: To assess the construct validity and reliability of the motivation section of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study using the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) was conducted.  The MSQL has essentially two sections: a motivation section and a learning strategies section.  The motivation section, which consists of 31 items, was used.  A total of 146 medical students who were all male completed the questionnaire...
November 30, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30504524/associations-between-learning-community-engagement-and-burnout-quality-of-life-and-empathy-among-medical-students
#5
Sean Tackett, Scott Wright, Jorie Colbert-Getz, Robert Shochet
Objectives: To inform evidence-based design and implementation of medical school learning communities (LCs) by investigating which LC components medical students at one school with a multi-component LC were most valued and which were associated with desirable outcomes. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all Johns Hopkins School of Medicine (JHSOM) students were surveyed in Spring 2016 regarding perceived value of LC components (peers, faculty advisors, Clinical Foundations of Medicine (CFM) clinical skills course, quarterly reflective discussion sessions, social activities, and LC rooms) with learning environment (LE) perceptions, quality of life, burnout, and empathy assessed as outcomes...
November 30, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30481160/depressive-symptoms-burnout-and-declining-medical-career-interest-among-undergraduate-pre-medical-students
#6
Matthew K Grace
Objectives: To investigate the relationship between mental health issues and medical career interest among undergraduate premedical students, and to explore whether this association varies by gender. Methods: A longitudinal survey of freshman and sophomore premedical students at Indiana University was conducted during the 2015-16 academic year. Survey data were collected from 390 respondents via an online questionnaire (response rate=14%) in September 2015, and 292 of these respondents participated in the follow-up survey in April 2016 (retention rate=75%)...
November 26, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30457974/do-students-achieve-the-desired-learning-goals-using-open-book-formative-assessments
#7
Stefan P Minder, David Weibel, Bartholomäus Wissmath, Felix M Schmitz
Objectives: The present study aimed to examine whether medical students benefit from an open-book online formative assessment as a preparation for a practical course. Methods: A between-subjects experimental design was used: participants - a whole cohort of second-year medical students (N=232) - were randomly assigned to either a formative assessment that covered the topic of a subsequent practical course (treatment condition) or a formative assessment that did not cover the topic of the subsequent course (control condition)...
November 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380524/uk-physician-associate-primary-care-placements-staff-and-student-experiences-and-perceptions
#8
Rhiannon Hoggins, Wesley Scott-Smith, Michael Okorie
Objectives: To provide an insight into the experiences and perceptions of physician associate students and primary care staff involved in primary care educational placements in the United Kingdom. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted. Data were collected from focus groups and semi-structured interviews with eight first year physician associate students and six primary care staff in two general practice surgeries in East Sussex, United Kingdom. Recruitment was via purposeful sampling...
October 31, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368488/health-sciences-cultural-safety-education-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Donna Lee Marie Kurtz, Robert Janke, Jeanette Vinek, Taylor Wells, Pete Hutchinson, Amber Froste
Objectives: To review the research literature on cultural safety education within post-secondary health science programs. Methods: We conducted health and social science database searches from 1996-2016, using combined keywords: cultural competence or safety; teaching or curriculum; universities, polytechnics or professional programs; and Aboriginal or Indigenous. In dyads, authors selected, and reviewed studies independently followed by discussion and consensus to identify thematic linkages of major findings...
October 25, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368487/interprofessional-communication-in-the-emergency-department-residents-perceptions-and-implications-for-medical-education
#10
Marleen Olde Bekkink, Susan E Farrell, James Kimo Takayesu
Objectives: Objectives of the current study were to: i) assess residents' perceptions of barriers and enablers of interprofessional (IP) communication based on experiences and observations in their clinical work environments, ii) investigate how residents were trained to work in IP collaborative practice, iii) collect residents' recommendations for training in IP communication to address current needs. Methods: Focus group study including fourteen Emergency Medicine (EM) residents, who participated in four focus groups, facilitated by an independent moderator...
October 25, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30278431/faculty-perspectives-on-the-use-of-standardized-versus-non-standardized-oral-examinations-to-assess-medical-students
#11
Natasha Johnson, Holly Khachadoorian-Elia, Celeste Royce, Carey York-Best, Katharyn Atkins, Xiaodong P Chen, Andrea Pelletier
Objectives: To determine if faculty perceive standardized oral examinations to be more objective and useful than the non-standardized format in assessing third-year medical students' learning on the obstetrics and gynecology rotation. Methods: Obstetrics and gynecology faculty at three teaching hospitals were sampled to complete a survey retrospectively comparing the standardized oral examination (SOE) and non-standardized or traditional oral examinations (TOE)...
September 29, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30269110/physician-professionalism-definition-from-a-generation-perspective
#12
Wirachin Hoonpongsimanont, Preet K Sahota, Yanjun Chen, Mayuri Patel, Tanawat Tarapan, Deena Bengiamin, Krongkarn Sutham, Intanon Imsuwan, Ar-Aishah Dadeh, Tanyaporn Nakornchai, Khuansiri Narajeenron
Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to determine whether consensuses on the definition of emergency physician professionalism exist within and among four different generations. Our secondary objective was to describe the most important characteristic related to emergency physician professionalism that each generation values. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey study, using a card-sorting technique, at the emergency departments of two university-based medical centers in the United States...
September 28, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30269109/cognitivism-and-psychomotor-skills-in-surgical-training-from-theory-to-practice
#13
David Shaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244237/the-relationship-between-empathy-and-emotional-intelligence-among-iranian-nursing-students
#14
Fatemeh Hajibabaee, Mansoureh A Farahani, Zahra Ameri, Tahmineh Salehi, Fatemeh Hosseini
Objectives: To determine the relationship between empathy and emotional intelligence among Iranian nursing students. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive-correlational study that was conducted on three hundred and twenty eligible students, selected using stratified random sampling. Participants were mainly nursing students at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Data gathering was done using The Jefferson Scale of Empathy and The Schutte Self Report Emotional Intelligence Test...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244236/pecha-kucha-presentations-by-medical-students-in-spain
#15
LETTER
José Manuel Ramos-Rincón, Teresa Sempere-Selva Sempere-Selva, Mónica Romero-Nieto, Jorge Peris-García, Guillermo Martínez-de la Torre, Meggan Harris, Javier Fernández-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30171811/characteristics-and-perceptions-of-twice-weekly-webinars-for-primary-care-physicians-in-japan-a-qualitative-study
#16
Shinji Kimura, Hirotaka Onishi, Minori Kawamata
Objectives: To explore the characteristic features and perceived value of free twice-weekly webinars predominantly focusing on the continuing professional development of primary care physicians in Japan. Methods: In this qualitative study, we conducted a focus group of the webinars' participants (n=6, a purposive sample). The discussion was recorded, with the recording subsequently transcribed, separated into meaningful segments and then open-coded until thematic saturation was reached...
August 31, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148714/the-use-of-exemplars-and-student-discussion-to-improve-performance-in-constructed-response-assessments
#17
Fiza Rashid-Doubell, Paul A O'Farrell, Salim Fredericks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144389/assessment-of-attitudes-and-targeted-educational-needs-for-refugee-care-providers-in-a-ugandan-hospital
#18
Achille Bapolisi, Katherine Crabtree, Jana Jarolimova, Caitrin Kelly, Katherine Kentoffio, Palka Patel, Geren Stone, Vincent Batwala
Objectives: To evaluate medical trainees' attitudes toward refugee patients in a refugee host country, and to identify educational needs. Methods: A 54-question cross-sectional questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of 81 post-graduate medical trainees at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda, in 2016. Descriptive statistics on medical trainees' attitudes and educational needs regarding care for refugees were calculated. One-way ANOVA was used to assess relationships between an attitude scale and respondent characteristics...
August 24, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121638/is-there-a-relationship-between-personal-reflection-ability-and-moral-reasoning-ability-in-indonesian-medical-students
#19
Eti N Sholikhah, Yoga P Susani, Yayi S Prabandari, Gandes R Rahayu
Objectives: To determine the relationship of personal reflection ability and moral reasoning ability of medical students of the Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by distributing questionnaires to 293 medical students in Year-3 at the Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing after obtaining their agreement to participate in this research by signing an informed consent form. Personal reflection ability was measured by the Groningen Reflective Ability Scale (GRAS) questionnaire; moral reasoning ability was measured by the Defining Issues Test (DIT) questionnaire...
August 17, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121637/the-effect-of-incentives-on-residents-board-certification-passage-rate
#20
Peter Nguyen, Rotendo Nkomo, Rosibel Arcia, Kenneth Soyemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
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