journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Life Sciences, Society and Policy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447286/the-body-as-constitutive-element-phenomenology-and-psychoanalysis-on-our-view-of-ourselves-and-others
#1
Paulina Monjaraz Fuentes, María Del Carmen Rojas Hernández, Stefano Santasilia, Fernanda Monjaraz Fuentes
The aim of this manuscript is to highlight that from the phenomenology and psychoanalysis point of view, the meaning of the notion of the body is different from the medical biologicist discourse. In psychoanalysis, the body is an erogenized body. It is constituted as an object for another self. Similarly, in phenomenology, the body is an own body in first instance. It is the body of a self, rather than a living body and a material body. Both positions enable us to understand how this conceptualization of the body is essential in any human field...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444626/towards-new-human-rights-in-the-age-of-neuroscience-and-neurotechnology
#2
Marcello Ienca, Roberto Andorno
Rapid advancements in human neuroscience and neurotechnology open unprecedented possibilities for accessing, collecting, sharing and manipulating information from the human brain. Such applications raise important challenges to human rights principles that need to be addressed to prevent unintended consequences. This paper assesses the implications of emerging neurotechnology applications in the context of the human rights framework and suggests that existing human rights may not be sufficient to respond to these emerging issues...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260172/the-oblique-perspective-philosophical-diagnostics-of-contemporary-life-sciences-research
#3
Hub Zwart
This paper indicates how continental philosophy may contribute to a diagnostics of contemporary life sciences research, as part of a "diagnostics of the present" (envisioned by continental thinkers, from Hegel up to Foucault). First, I describe (as a "practicing" philosopher) various options for an oblique (or symptomatic) reading of emerging scientific discourse, bent on uncovering the basic "philosophemes" of science (i.e. the guiding ideas, the basic conceptions of nature, life and technology at work in contemporary life sciences research practices)...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255668/product-not-process-explaining-a-basic-concept-in-agricultural-biotechnologies-and-food-safety
#4
Giovanni Tagliabue
Most life scientists have relentlessly recommended any evaluative approach of agri-food products to be based on examination of the phenotype, i.e. the actual characteristics of the food, feed and fiber varieties: the effects of any new cultivar (or micro-organism, animal) on our health are not dependent on the process(es), the techniques used to obtain it.The so-called "genetically modified organisms" ("GMOs"), on the other hand, are commonly framed as a group with special properties - most frequently seen as dubious, or even harmful...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247250/a-paedophile-scan-to-prevent-child-sexual-abuse-in-child-care-a-thought-experiment-to-problematize-the-notion-of-alignment-in-responsible-research-and-innovation
#5
Irja Marije de Jong, Frank Kupper, Corine de Ruiter, Jacqueline Broerse
Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is a science policy concept that gained traction from 2000 onwards in the EU and US, in which alignment on purposes and values between different stakeholders is a key aspect. This thought experiment problematizes this particular notion: ethically acceptable and societally desirable outcomes are not necessarily achieved when alignment is a consequence of early closure. To argue this point, we took the example of the potential development of scanning technology for the detection of paedophilia among job applicants, for which indicators of broad societal support were found in an RRI project on neuroimaging...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092013/sharpening-the-cutting-edge-additional-considerations-for-the-uk-debates-on-embryonic-interventions-for-mitochondrial-diseases
#6
Erica Haimes, Ken Taylor
In October 2015 the UK enacted legislation to permit the clinical use of two cutting edge germline-altering, IVF-based embryonic techniques: pronuclear transfer and maternal spindle transfer (PNT and MST). The aim is to use these techniques to prevent the maternal transmission of serious mitochondrial diseases. Major claims have been made about the quality of the debates that preceded this legislation and the significance of those debates for UK decision-making on other biotechnologies, as well as for other countries considering similar legislation...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921274/evaluating-determinants-of-rural-villagers-engagement-in-conservation-and-waste-management-behaviors-based-on-integrated-conceptual-framework-of-pro-environmental-behavior
#7
Piyapong Janmaimool, Chaweewan Denpaiboon
This study aims to evaluate determinants of villagers' engagement in pro-environmental behavior (PEB), including ecological conservation behavior (ECB) and waste management behavior (WMB). An integrated exploratory model representing the proposed relationship between villagers' engagement in ECB/WMB and their determinants was created based on the integration of the theory of planned behavior (TPB), the Stern's value belief norm (VBN) theory, environmental education and psychosocial characteristic perspectives...
December 2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812855/-mr-cummings-clearly-does-not-understand-the-science-of-genetics-and-should-maybe-go-back-to-school-on-the-subject-an-exploratory-content-analysis-of-the-online-comments-beneath-a-controversial-news-story
#8
Madeline Crosswaite, Kathryn Asbury
An article published in the UK Guardian on 11/10/2013 with the headline 'Genetics outweighs teaching, Gove advisor tells his boss' reported a leaked document written by special advisor Dominic Cummings to the then UK Secretary of State for Education, Michael Gove. The article generated 3008 on-line reader comments from the public. These reader comments offer a naturalistic opportunity to understand public opinion regarding Cummings' controversial suggestions and ideas. We conducted a content analysis of n = 800 reader comments, coding them on the basis of level of agreement with the ideas and opinions expressed in the article...
December 2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558392/mars-ain-t-the-kind-of-place-to-raise-your-kid-ethical-implications-of-pregnancy-on-missions-to-colonize-other-planets
#9
Haley Schuster, Steven L Peck
The colonization of a new planet will inevitably bring about new bioethical issues. One is the possibility of pregnancy during the mission. During the journey to the target planet or moon, and for the first couple of years before a colony has been established and the colony has been accommodated for children, a pregnancy would jeopardize the safety of the crew and the wellbeing of the child. The principal concern with a pregnancy during an interplanetary mission is that it could put the entire crew in danger...
December 2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465504/integrated-assessment-of-emerging-science-and-technologies-as-creating-learning-processes-among-assessment-communities
#10
Ellen-Marie Forsberg, Barbara Ribeiro, Nils B Heyen, Rasmus Øjvind Nielsen, Erik Thorstensen, Erik de Bakker, Lars Klüver, Thomas Reiss, Volkert Beekman, Kate Millar
Emerging science and technologies are often characterised by complexity, uncertainty and controversy. Regulation and governance of such scientific and technological developments needs to build on knowledge and evidence that reflect this complicated situation. This insight is sometimes formulated as a call for integrated assessment of emerging science and technologies, and such a call is analysed in this article. The article addresses two overall questions. The first is: to what extent are emerging science and technologies currently assessed in an integrated way...
December 2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294490/continental-philosophical-perspectives-on-life-sciences-and-emerging-technologies
#11
EDITORIAL
Hub Zwart, Laurens Landeweerd, Pieter Lemmens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237829/diy-bio-economic-epistemological-and-ethical-implications-and-ambivalences
#12
Jozef Keulartz, Henk van den Belt
Since 2008, we witness the emergence of the Do-It-Yourself Biology movement, a global movement spreading the use of biotechnology beyond traditional academic and industrial institutions and into the lay public. Practitioners include a broad mix of amateurs, enthusiasts, students, and trained scientists. At this moment, the movement counts nearly 50 local groups, mostly in America and Europe, but also increasingly in Asia. Do-It-Yourself Bio represents a direct translation of hacking culture and practicesfrom the realm of computers and software into the realm of genes and cells...
December 2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233648/turning-the-tide-or-surfing-the-wave-responsible-research-and-innovation-fundamental-rights-and-neoliberal-virtues
#13
Simone Arnaldi, Guido Gorgoni
The notion of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) has increasingly attracted attention in the academic literature. Up until now, however, the literature has focused on clarifying the principles for which research and innovation are responsible and on examining the conditions that account for managing them responsibly. Little attention has been reserved to exploring the political-economic context in which the notion of RRI has become progressively more prominent. This article tries to address this aspect and suggests some preliminary considerations on the connections between the specific understanding of responsibility in RRI and the framing of responsibility in what has been synthetically defined as 'neoliberalism'...
December 2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207685/towards-a-phronetic-space-for-responsible-research-and-innovation
#14
Emanuele Bardone, Marianne Lind
The term Responsible Research and Innovation has recently gained currency, as it has been designated to be a key-term in the European research framework Horizon 2020. At the level of European research policy, Responsible Research and Innovation can be viewed as an attempt to reach a broader vision of research and innovation as a public good. The current academic debate may be fairly enriched by considering the role that phronesis may have for RRI. Specifically, in this paper we argue that the current debate might be fruitfully enriched by making a categorial shift...
December 2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091475/a-strategic-stakeholder-approach-for-addressing-further-analysis-requests-in-whole-genome-sequencing-research
#15
Bradley Steven O Thornock
Whole genome sequencing (WGS) can be a cost-effective and efficient means of diagnosis for some children, but it also raises a number of ethical concerns. One such concern is how researchers derive and communicate results from WGS, including future requests for further analysis of stored sequences. The purpose of this paper is to think about what is at stake, and for whom, in any solution that is developed to deal with such requests. To accomplish this task, this paper will utilize stakeholder theory, a common method used in business ethics...
2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968989/the-moral-concerns-of-biobank-donors-the-effect-of-non-welfare-interests-on-willingness-to-donate
#16
Raymond G De Vries, Tom Tomlinson, H Myra Kim, Chris D Krenz, Kerry A Ryan, Nicole Lehpamer, Scott Y H Kim
Donors to biobanks are typically asked to give blanket consent, allowing their donation to be used in any research authorized by the biobank. This type of consent ignores the evidence that some donors have moral, religious, or cultural concerns about the future uses of their donations - concerns we call "non-welfare interests". The nature of non-welfare interests and their effect on willingness to donate to a biobank is not well understood.In order to better undersand the influence of non-welfare interests, we surveyed a national sample of the US population (in June 2014) using a probability-based internet panel...
2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26886684/erratum-to-islet-xeno-transplantation-and-the-risk-of-contagion-local-responses-from-canada-and-australia-to-an-emerging-global-technoscience
#17
Myra Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26790860/parental-perspectives-on-consent-for-participation-in-large-scale-non-biological-data-repositories
#18
Kiran Pohar Manhas, Stacey Page, Shawn X Dodd, Nicole Letourneau, Aleta Ambrose, Xinjie Cui, Suzanne C Tough
BACKGROUND: Data sharing presents several challenges to the informed consent process. Unique challenges emerge when sharing pediatric or pregnancy-related data. Here, parent preferences for sharing non-biological data are examined. METHODS: Groups (n = 4 groups, 18 participants) and individual interviews (n = 19 participants) were conducted with participants from two provincial, longitudinal pregnancy cohorts (AOB and APrON). Qualitative content analysis was applied to transcripts of semi-structured interviews...
2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26694481/ethical-acceptability-of-research-on-human-animal-chimeric-embryos-summary-of-opinions-by-the-japanese-expert-panel-on-bioethics
#19
Hiroshi Mizuno, Hidenori Akutsu, Kazuto Kato
Human-animal chimeric embryos are embryos obtained by introducing human cells into a non-human animal embryo. It is envisaged that the application of human-animal chimeric embryos may make possible many useful research projects including producing three-dimensional human organs in animals and verification of the pluripotency of human ES cells or iPS cells in vivo. The use of human-animal chimeric embryos, however, raises several ethical and moral concerns. The most fundamental one is that human-animal chimeric embryos possess the potential to develop into organisms containing human-derived tissue, which may lead to infringing upon the identity of the human species, and thus impairing human dignity...
2015: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26630883/unexpected-tissue-and-the-biobank-that-closed-an-exploration-of-value-and-the-momentariness-of-bio-objectification-processes
#20
Neil Stephens, Rebecca Dimond
Unanticipated situations can arise in biobanking. This paper empirically documents unexpected situations at the anonymous biobank 'Xbank'. Firstly, Xbank received an unexpected and significant quantity of tissue from the historical archive of a hospital network. Secondly, Xbank had its funding withdrawn before the designated end date for the grant, meaning the bank needed to either re-house or destroy its holdings. This paper articulates and uses the theoretical frameworks of bio-objectification and tissue economies to analyse the experiences of Xbank and draw out further implications of the potential precariousness of biobanking practice...
2015: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
journal
journal
49182
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"