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Sleep Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966747/sleep-associated-monitoring-on-awakening-mediates-the-relationship-between-cutaneous-body-image-dissatisfaction-and-insomnia-symptoms
#1
Umair Akram
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the relationship between dissatisfaction with cutaneous body image and insomnia symptoms, incorporating the mediating role of monitoring for signs of poor-sleep on awakening and throughout the day. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-one participants completed The Insomnia Severity Index, Cutaneous Body Image Scale, and subscales of the Sleep Associated Monitoring Index. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that insomnia symptoms were significantly associated with a greater dissatisfaction with cutaneous body image...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966746/lower-limb-warming-improves-sleep-quality-in-elderly-people-living-in-nursing-homes
#2
Chika Oshima-Saeki, Yuiko Taniho, Hiromi Arita, Etsuko Fujimoto
Sleep disturbances are common in older people. This study was conducted to examine the effects of a hot pack, which was used to warm the lower limbs, on the sleep of elderly people living in a nursing home. This is a prospective cohort involving seven elderly women. Subjects aged 74-93 years old were treated by warming the lower limbs for 40 minutes using hot packs every night over 8 weeks. A hot pack made of a dense polymer and warmed in a microwave oven was used as a warming device. In the first and last week, the subjects were required to wear an activity monitor to determine their sleep-awake status...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966745/heart-rate-variability-in-restless-legs-syndrome-and-periodic-limb-movements-of-sleep
#3
Daniel A Barone, Matthew R Ebben, Miles DeGrazia, David Mortara, Ana C Krieger
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between the autonomic nervous system and restless legs syndrome (RLS) and periodic limb movements of sleep (PLMS) consists of varied and somewhat conflicting reports. In order to further elucidate these complexities, a retrospective analysis of polysomnography (PSG) records and clinical data was performed. METHODS: Records from 233 adult subjects were randomly selected and organized into one of four groups ("non-RLS/PLMS" [n=61], "RLS" [n=60], "PLMS" [n=58], and "RLS/PLMS" [n=54])...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966744/human-hypocretin-deficient-narcolepsy-aberrant-food-choice-due-to-impaired-taste
#4
Giselle de Martin Truzzi, Renata Carvalho Cremaschi, Fernando Morgadinho Coelho
Authors demonstrate that patients with narcolepsy type 1 (N1) have more tendency of eat salty snacks after satiety than health volunteers. A few mechanisms to explain the weight gain have been discussed in narcolepsy. The hypocretin-1 deficiency can influence the olfactory system. The olfactory system should be modulated through hypocretin-1 via connections from the hypothalamic to other brain regions. Likewise, hypocretin-1 can be synthesized locally in our olfactory mucosa with possible private role modulating the olfactory...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966743/agreement-between-two-different-approaches-to-assess-parent-reported-sleep-bruxism-in-children
#5
Joyce Duarte, Júnia Maria Serra-Negra, Fernanda Morais Ferreira, Saul Martins Paiva, Fabian Calixto Fraiz
INTRODUCTION: Parents' report is the most used method for the study of sleep bruxism (SB) in children, especially in research with large samples. However, there is no consensus about the questions used to assess SB, what may difficult the comparisons between studies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to evaluate the agreement between two different approaches to assess possible sleep bruxism (PSB) in children using parents' report. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 201 parents/caregivers...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966742/effect-of-yoga-and-aerobics-exercise-on-sleep-quality-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Mohsen Ebrahimi, Tayebe Nazari Guilan-Nejad, Abbas Foroughi Pordanjani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was investigating the effect of 12 weeks of yoga and aerobic exercise (running on a treadmill) on the sleep quality in women with Type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 39 diabetic women were selected from Semnan city with the mean age of 46.85±3.35 years, weight of 69.79±17.18 kg, height of 155.03±5.00, BMI of 29.64±5.00 kg/m(2) who had a background of diabetes for 6.46±2.69 years. They were then randomly divided into yoga exercise (n=15), aerobic exercise (n=13), and control group (n=11)...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966741/electrolyte-imbalance-and-sleep-problems-during-anti-retroviral-therapy-an-under-recognized-problem
#7
Md Dilshad Manzar, Peter Sony, Mohammed Salahuddin, Abera Kumalo, Mathewos Geneto, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Adam Moscovitch, Ahmed S BaHammam
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and the anti-retroviral therapy (ART) associated complications necessitate that the medical care system keeps evolving for proper management of this group of patients. Electrolyte imbalance and sleep problems are common in patients on ART. Both of these conditions are associated with increased morbidity (such as acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, low CD4 count, non-adherence and depression) and mortality. Therefore, screening for both sleep problems and electrolytes imbalance may help to decrease the risk of complications in patients on ART...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966740/acceptance-and-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa-in-a-southeast-asian-privately-funded-healthcare-system
#8
Cheah Hooi Ken Lee, Leong Chai Leow, Pei Rong Song, HuiHua Li, Thun How Ong
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on long term Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) adherence in Southeast Asian countries. This is a prospective study on CPAP adherence among Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients in a Southeast Asian privately funded healthcare system. METHODS: Patients with moderate-severe OSA who had been initiated on CPAP at least one year previously were contacted for a scripted telephone interview to assess compliance and factors associated with CPAP adherence...
April 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966739/new-challenges-for-sleep-apnea-research-simple-diagnostic-tools-biomarkers-new-treatments-and-precision-medicine
#9
EDITORIAL
Luciano F Drager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966738/olfactory-impairment-is-related-to-rem-sleep-deprivation-in-rotenone-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Mariana F Aurich, Lais S Rodrigues, Adriano D S Targa, Ana Carolina D Noseda, Flávia D W Cunha, Marcelo M S Lima
INTRODUCTION: Olfactory dysfunction affects about 85-90% of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with severe deterioration in the ability of discriminate several types of odors. In addition, studies reported declines in olfactory performances during a short period of sleep deprivation. Besides, PD is also known to strongly affect the occurrence and maintenance of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. METHODS: Therefore, we investigated the mechanisms involved on discrimination of a social odor (dependent on the vomeronasal system) and a non-social odor (related to the main olfactory pathway) in the rotenone model of PD...
January 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966737/neurocognitive-game-between-risk-factors-sleep-and-suicidal-behaviour
#11
Faustin Armel Etindele Sosso
INTRODUCTION: Sleep and lifestyles interact to allow the appropriate development of cerebral structures, and prevention of mood disorders. But just a hand of articles identified a precise relationship between these two above, and the probability to develop a suicidal behaviour. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore how the suicidal behaviour is associated in simultaneous with sleep components, psychological stress, depression, anxiety, well-being, addiction, and global health of participants; and if it is also influenced by the sociodemographic profile of each subject...
January 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966736/respiratory-polygraphy-monitoring-of-intensive-care-patients-receiving-non-invasive-ventilation
#12
Eduardo Borsini, Glenda Ernst, Magalí Blanco, Miguel Blasco, Martín Bosio, Alejandro Salvado, Carlos Nigro
INTRODUCTION: Patients that started on Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) need to define several parameters selected on the basis of diurnal arterial blood gas and underlying disease. We hypothesize that respiratory polygraphy (RP) could be useful to monitor NIV. This retrospective work describes RP findings and their impact on the setting of continuous flow ventilators from patients on NIV of Intensive Care Unit (ICU). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient's data on NIV from at the ICU of Hospital Británico were included in this study...
January 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966735/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-is-it-a-route-for-infection-in-those-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#13
Liam Mercieca, Richard Pullicino, Kyra Camilleri, Rodianne Abela, Sean Apap Mangion, Julian Cassar, Matthew Zammit, Christine Gatt, Christopher Deguara, Christopher Barbara, Peter Fsadni, Stephen Montefort
INTRODUCTION: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the standard treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), with limited data about the prevalence of respiratory infections and microbial colonization in these patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if CPAP use is associated with respiratory infections and to identify the organisms that colonize or infect these patients. METHOD: A retrospective, case-controlled study in patients diagnosed with OSA was carried out...
January 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966734/current-and-future-treatment-options-for-narcolepsy-a-review
#14
Jackie Bhattarai, Scott Sumerall
Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological sleep disorder with potentially disabling symptoms ranging from occupational concerns to mental health difficulties. Recent advances related to the neurobiological basis of narcolepsy have led to newer pharmacological treatment options and adjunctive behavioral techniques that support symptom management. This article outlines evidence-based pharmacologic therapies, behavioral techniques, and psychosocial costs related to narcolepsy. Psychosocial factors, although frequently acknowledged, deserve further attention and awareness from researchers and providers...
January 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966733/sleep-melatonin-and-the-menopausal-transition-what-are-the-links
#15
Shazia Jehan, Giardin Jean-Louis, Ferdinand Zizi, Evan Auguste, Seitikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Ravi Gupta, Hrayr Attarian, Samy I McFarlane, Rüdiger Hardeland, Amnon Brzezinski
The pineal hormone Melatonin plays an important role in the regulation of the circadian sleep/wake cycle, mood, and perhaps immune functions, carcinogensis and reproduction. The human circadian rhythm of melatonin release from the pineal gland is tightly synchronized with the habitual hours of sleep. Peri- and postmenopausal women often complain of difficulties initiating and/or maintaining sleep, with frequent nocturnal and early morning awakenings. In this review we discuss the pathophysiology of melatonin function as it relates to sleep disorders in menopausal women, highlighting the potential use of exogenous melatonin during the menopausal transition and beyond...
January 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966732/restless-legs-syndrome-in-adolescents-relationship-with-sleep-quality-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-body-fat
#16
Christoforos D Giannaki, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, George Aphamis, Marios Pantzaris, Giorgos K Sakkas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition and sleep quality in a sample of adolescents. METHODS: One hundred fifty seven volunteer adolescents (16.6 ± 0.7 yrs) participated in the study. Sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburg sleep quality index. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by the 20 m shuttle run test and body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis...
January 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966731/clinicals-and-upper-airway-characteristics-in-obese-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Eli O Martinelli, Fernanda Louise M Haddad, Renato Stefanini, Gustavo A Moreira, Priscila B Rapoport, Luis Carlos Gregório, Sérgio Tufik, Lia Rita A Bittencourt
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a factor that is strongly related to the occurrence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults, although this association remains controversial for children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and upper airway charactheristics, obtained by questionnaires, physical examination and laboratory tests, among obese children with and without OSA. METHOD: This was aprospective cohort study. 44 obese children (body mass index above the 95th percentile) were included in the study...
January 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154744/environmental-factors-influencing-biological-rhythms-in-newborns-from-neonatal-intensive-care-units-to-home
#18
Clarissa Bueno, Luiz Menna-Barreto
Photic and non-photic environmental factors are suggested to modulate the development of circadian rhythms in infants. Our aim is to evaluate the development of biological rhythms (circadian or ultradian) in newborns in transition from Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) to home and along the first 6 months of life, to identify masking and entraining environment factors along development. Ten newborns were evaluated in their last week inside the NICU and in the first week after being delivered home; 6 babies were also followed until 6 months of corrected age...
October 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154743/effects-of-physical-activity-at-work-and-life-style-on-sleep-in-workers-from-an-amazonian-extractivist-reserve
#19
Andressa Juliane Martins, Suleima Pedroza Vasconcelos, Debra Jean Skene, Arne Lowden, Claudia Roberta de Castro Moreno
Physical activity has been recommended as a strategy for improving sleep. Nevertheless, physical effort at work might not be not the ideal type of activity to promote sleep quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of type of job (low vs. high physical effort) and life-style on sleep of workers from an Amazonian Extractivist Reserve, Brazil. A cross-sectional study of 148 low physical activity (factory workers) and 340 high physical activity (rubber tappers) was conducted between September and November 2011...
October 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154742/loss-of-melatonin-daily-rhythmicity-is-asociated-with-delirium-development-in-hospitalized-older-adults
#20
Manuel Ángeles-Castellanos, Fátima Ramírez-Gonzalez, Laura Ubaldo-Reyes, Oscar Rodriguez-Mayoral, Carolina Escobar
Delirium is associated with circadian rhythm disruption. In this study we have explored whether circadian variation of melatonin is an indicator for delirium. Melatonin levels were determined from the first day of hospitalization and up to three days after the onset of delirium. Patients who did not developed delirium exhibited a daily melatonin rhythm, while in patients that developed delirium, the melatonin rhythm was lost and mean melatonin levels were found decreased as early as three days before the diagnosis of delirium, indicating that on arrival to the hospital circadian melatonin disruption can be used as an indicator of delirium...
October 2016: Sleep Science
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