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Journal of the West African College of Surgeons

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181371/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-prostate-cancer-in-africans-and-africans-in-the-diaspora
#1
E D Yeboah, Ann W Hsing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181370/peer-reviewed-abstracts-of-scientific-paper-presentation-at-the-56th-annual-conference-of-the-west-african-college-of-the-surgeons-at-yaounde-cameroun-15th-19th-february-2016-contd
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181369/orbital-and-adnexal-lymphomas-among-adult-patients-in-ghana
#3
E Akuaku-Dogbe, I Ekem, B Mensah
Background: Non Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) present variously in different ethnic communities. Orbital and adnexal disorders have been reported among NHLs in Africa. They can involve the orbit, the eyelid, the conjunctiva, alone or in combinations. To our knowledge there are no reports in the literature about the clinical presentation of lymphomas in Ghana. Aim: To explored orbital and adnexal disorders among adult patients attending the Korle-Bu Teaching hospital, Accra...
October 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181368/cephalometric-assessment-of-hyoid-bone-position-in-nigerian-patients-with-bimaxillary-incisor-proclination
#4
B A Adesina, O D Otuyemi, B O Ogunbanjo, D O Otuyemi
Background: Hyoid bone though constitute a small proportion of the human skeleton, its importance in relation to other facial structures cannot be overemphasized. Several studies have reported on hyoid bone position in relation to various types of malocclusion, however, to our knowledge, there has been no study on the relationship between the hyoid bone and bimaxillary incisor proclination. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the relative position of hyoid bone in individuals with and without bimaxillary incisor proclination as well as other related demographic factors...
October 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181367/radiotherapy-treatment-of-keloids-in-ibadan
#5
A A Abdus-Salam, A A Orekoya, M A Jimoh, A A Olabumuyi
Background: The management of keloids has posed a difficult challenge to the patient, surgeon and radiation oncologist due to its high recurrence rate following treatment. Post-operative radiotherapy has been used to improve outcome of treatment by reducing recurrence. However, this is difficult in Africa where there are few Radiotherapy machines and some of those available are not the standard for the treatment for superficial tumours and lesions like keloids. Aim: To assess the pattern of presentation, treatment and outcomes in patients with keloids...
October 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181366/anaesthetists-attitudes-and-practice-of-informed-consent-in-nigeria
#6
J O Olatosi, O O Adekola, N C Anaegbu, A Adesida, M K Rotimi
Background: Informed consent is an integral part of a surgical and anaesthetic procedure, failure to obtain it may result in grave medico-legal implications. Aim: To determine the attitudes of Nigerian anaesthetists to informed consent. Methodology: The study population included physician anaesthetists who attended a continuous medical education programme in November 2015. The target was to cover over 50% of anaesthetists by convenience sampling...
October 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181365/a-community-based-prevalence-of-presbyopia-and-spectacle-coverage-in-southwest-nigeria
#7
H A Ajibode, V O Fakolujo, O O Onabolu, Ooa Jagun, T A Ogunlesi, O A Abiodun
Background: The use of population-based method to assess the prevalence of presbyopia and spectacle use is few even though it is more reliable compared to the commoner hospital based studies. This study was carried out to determine the need for spectacle services in our coverage area. Aim: To determine the prevalence of presbyopia among adults of 30 years old and above in Sagamu local government area of Ogun state, South-West, Nigeria. Design: The study was a population based descriptive and cross-sectional design...
October 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181364/management-of-prostate-cancer-in-accra-ghana
#8
E D Yeboah, A W Hsing, S Mante, J E Mensah, M Y Kyei, J Yarney, V Vanderpuye, K Beecham, Y Tettey, R B Biritwum, A A Adjei, R Gyasi, K Asante, K N Ampadu, G O Klufio, S Gepi-Attee, C Owoo, D Kwami, Ahiaku, R Pandra, M B Cook
Introduction: Africans living with prostate cancer in Africa face problems of early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Aim: To study the clinical incidence of prostate cancer, risk factors, TNM stage, their management and outcomes. Methods: A prospective study of Prostate Cancer cases managed at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital and hospitals in Accra, diagnosed by history, abnormal PSA/DRE, physical examination and histologically confirmed by biopsy from 2004 to 2013 was carried out...
October 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181363/prevalence-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-prostate-cancer-in-africans-and-africans-in-the-diaspora
#9
E D Yeboah
Background: There have been several publications on population or community prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer from various countries and races but few reports are from Africa on Africans. Aim: A review on the prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer in Africans and other races. Methodology: The current literature on prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostate cancer (PC), and benign prostatic hyperplasia co-existing with prostate cancer in Africans and other races is reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856130/histological-chorioamnionitis
#10
A S Sagay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856129/peer-reviewed-abstracts-of-scientific-paper-presentation-at-the-56th-annual-conference-of-the-west-african-college-of-the-surgeons-at-yaounde-cameroun-15th-19th-february-2016-contd
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856128/effect-of-varicocoelectomy-on-seminal-fluid-parameters
#12
C C Anyadike, O N Ekeke, N Eke
BACKGROUND: Infertility can be a source of anxiety and marital disharmony to a couple. The male factor traditionally contributes 40%. Varicocoeles are a significant cause of male infertility. AIM: To assess the effect of varicocoelectomy on seminal fluid analysis parameters in sub-fertile males. METHODOLOGY: This was a prospective study of fifty four patients who presented with infertility to the urology clinic of University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria between January 2015...
July 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856127/causes-of-low-vision-and-their-management-at-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-accra-ghana
#13
E M Ackuaku-Dogbe, B Abaidoo, Z I Braimah, G Afenyo, S Asiedu
BACKGROUND: Provision of low vision services to the visually impaired is vital in blindness intervention programs. Such services are avenues for low vision patients to utilize their residual vision in carrying out daily tasks. AIM: To review the causes of low vision and services provided to low vision patients at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODOLOGY: Study subjects were low vision patients who had been referred by ophthalmologists and optometrists from all over Ghana for low vision services...
July 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856126/prevalence-and-pattern-of-presbyopia-in-a-rural-nigerian-community
#14
T S Obajolowo, Jfa Owoeye, F G Adepoju
BACKGROUND: Presbyopia is an age related loss of accommodation that results in the inability to focus at near distances. Few population-based studies exist on the prevalence of presbyopia among people living in developing countries. AIM: To determine the prevalence of presbyopia, presbyopia correction coverage and identify barriers to spectacle usage in individuals aged 35years and above. DESIGN: Cross sectional descriptive survey. SETTING: Esie, a rural community in Kwara State, Nigeria...
July 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856125/pattern-of-assault-related-maxillofacial-injuries-treated-at-the-general-hospital-lagos-nigeria
#15
Aco Olojede, O M Gbotolorun, O M Ogundana, I C Emeka, M M Emmanuel, Sab Oluseye, O Runsewe
BACKGROUND: The human face often constitutes the first point of contact in various human interactions and it is frequently the preferred target for blows in assault cases. AIM: To analyze the pattern of assault-related maxillofacial injuries treated at the General Hospital, Lagos over a period of one year. METHODOLOGY: This is one year prospective study of assault-related maxillofacial injuries treated at the Department of Oral-Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Centre, General Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria...
July 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856124/determinants-of-the-use-of-traditional-eye-medication-in-a-semi-urban-community-in-southern-nigeria
#16
D H Kayoma, C U Ukponmwan
BACKGROUND: The use of traditional eye medication is still practised in some communities in Nigeria. AIM: To assess the determinants of the use of traditional eye medication (TEM) by adults in Ekiadolor community. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study on the determinants of the use of traditional eye medication among adults was done between the months of September and November 2011 in Ekiadolor community in Edo state, Nigeria. RESULTS: Out of the 430 participants in this study, 57...
July 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856123/measurement-of-testicular-volume-in-healthy-nigerian-newborns-at-ibadan-nigeria-using-the-prader-orchidometer
#17
O O Ogundoyin, D I Olulana, T A Lawal, A Ajao
BACKGROUND: Determining the normal testicular volume in the newborn at birth is essential in the assessment of the degree of virilization of the external genitalia since abnormal development of the genitalia is closely related to the testicular volume in the male newborns. OBJECTIVES: To establish a standard testicular volume (TV) for male newborn Nigerians using the Prader Orchidometer and determine the relationship between the testicular volume in the newborn and the age of the newborns at birth, the birth weight, the maternal age at delivery and the maternal parity...
July 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856122/dental-caries-and-nutritional-status-of-school-children-in-lagos-nigeria-a-preliminary-survey
#18
A A Adeniyi, O A Oyapero, O O Ekekezie, M O Braimoh
BACKGROUND: Studies have highlighted the direct impact of caries on the nutritional status of children; few studies in Nigeria have examined the association between the two parameters. AIM: To determine the association between caries and the nutritional status of in-school children. Design of the study: A cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Two private and two public schools in Lagos state. METHODOLOGY: A total of 973 children were assessed for dental caries using the WHO diagnostic criteria...
July 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856121/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-histological-chorioamnionitis
#19
A N Ocheke, I E Ocheke, P A Agaba, G E Imadde, O A Silas, O I Ajetunmobi, Eche John Godwins, C Ekere, A Sendeht, J Bitrus, E I Agaba, A S Sagay
BACKGROUND: Clinical Chorioamnionitis contributes to maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality but the effect of histological chorioamnionitis is sparse in our environment. AIM: To determine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of histological chorioamnionitis amongst pregnant women and their babies. DESIGN OF THE STUDY: Cross sectional longitudinal study. SETTING: Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH), Jos, Nigeria...
July 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344953/editorial-human-bite-injuries
#20
B T Ugwu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
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