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Journal of the West African College of Surgeons

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951471/impalement-head-injuries
#1
EDITORIAL
O P Binitie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951470/peer-reviewed-abstracts-of-scientific-paper-presentation-at-the-57th-annual-conference-of-the-west-african-college-of-surgeons-at-ougadougou-burkina-faso-26th-february-4th-march-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951469/clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-impalement-craniocerebral-injuries-a-case-series
#3
A S Yusuf, M R Mahmud, J D Alfin, N A Adeleke
Non-missile, low-velocity penetrating craniocerebral injuries are uncommon among civilians and unlike missile injuries, are associated with localized brain injury and subsequent good outcome if managed appropriately. Penetrating injuries to the brain caused by a retained, relatively blunt or sharp object that perforate the brain along its longitudinal axis producing a wound track corresponding to its length of penetration, are called impalement injuries. Most of the impalement craniocerebral injuries are accidental and varying objects have been reported...
April 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951468/a-cephalometric-analysis-of-the-morphology-and-size-of-sella-turcica-in-nigerians-with-normal-and-bimaxillary-incisor-protrusion
#4
O D Otuyemi, A D Fadeju, B A Adesina, D O Otuyemi
Background: It has been suggested that bimaxillary protruded anterior teeth may be related to the sella turcica anatomically and embryologically through their common progenitors. Aim: This study assessed the morphological variations and linear dimensions of sella turcica in a Nigerian population with normal and bimaxillary protruded teeth. Methodology: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of orthodontic patients were assessed. Sixty-five randomly selected radiographs of patients with bimaxillary proclination were compared with 52 radiographs of normal incisor relationship subjects...
April 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951467/modic-changes-in-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-north-central-nigeria
#5
O I Oyinloye, J O Bamidele, G O Popoola
Background: Modic changes in the endplates of the vertebral bodies have been associated with low back pain. There is however paucity of information on the pattern of Modic changes in the lumbosacral spine in Nigerians with low back pain. Aim: To determine the prevalence of Modic changes in patients with chronic low back pain in our environment. Design of study: Cross-sectional longitudinal study. Settings: University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria...
April 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951466/experience-with-ponseti-protocol-and-achilles-tenotomy-in-the-management-of-clubfoot-at-the-lagos-state-university-teaching-hospital-lagos-nigeria
#6
A Adewole, O M Williams, M O Shoga, M O Kayode, S O Giwa
Background: Achilles tenotomy is very frequently performed to correct persistent equinus deformity in Ponseti clubfoot management worldwide. Aim: To review the frequency of Achilles tenotomy and outcome of treatment of idiopathic clubfoot using the Ponseti method. Setting: Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. Design of the study: Prospective observational study. Methodology: All the patients with idiopathic clubfoot treated using the Ponseti protocol in the clubfoot clinic between June 2013 and October 2015 were recruited...
April 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951465/reasons-for-loss-of-the-permanent-teeth-in-patients-in-kano-north-western-nigeria
#7
O D Osunde, A A Efunkoya, K U Omeje
Background: Loss of permanent dentition is often of great concern to patients, apart from the aesthetic consequences in the anterior region of the mouth, such loss has no natural form of replacement. Aim: To determine the pattern of tooth loss among patients attending the Dental Clinic at a Nigerian teaching hospital. Material and Methods: The case files of patients who attended the Dental Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano between January and December 2012 with one or more missing tooth were retrospectively analyzed...
April 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951464/surgical-and-orthodontic-treatment-methods-in-patients-with-bimaxillary-protrusion-a-systematic-review
#8
O K Ogundipe, O D Otuyemi
Background: The acceptable goal of treatment of bimaxillary protrusion is the retraction of maxillary and mandibular incisors with a resultant decrease in soft tissue convexity. This can be achieved by both surgical and orthodontic treatment methods. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review on the outcome of either method and other associated factors. Methodology: Electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane, Medline) were searched to identify studies that assessed hard and soft tissues changes in patients treated for bimaxillary protrusion with surgery or orthodontics...
April 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951463/hearing-dynamics-in-patients-with-traumatic-tympanic-membrane-perforation
#9
O A Sogebi, E A Oyewole, T O Manifah, O Ogunbanwo
Background: Hearing distortions from trauma to the ear could occur by direct perforation of the tympanic membrane. Aim: To characterize hearing thresholds in patients with traumatic tympanic membrane perforation and changes in hearing occurring in the course of treatment. Study design: Prospective analytical study. Setting: Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria. Methodology: We prospectively entered in a proforma the demographics of 60 patients with traumatic tympanic membrane perforation at the teaching hospital in Sagamu, Nigeria over a period of five years as well as their hearing assessment with pure tone audiometry at initial contact and six weeks post-injury...
April 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951462/marginal-microleakage-properties-of-activa-bioactive-restorative-and-nanohybrid-composite-resin-using-two-different-adhesives-in-non-carious-cervical-lesions-an-in-vitro-study
#10
M Kaushik, M Yadav
Background: In clinical practice, the restoration of non-carious cervical lesions is a challenge, because most of the time the cervical margin is located in cementum or dentin. This characteristic makes the cervical margin more susceptible to microleakage, causing cavosurface stains, postoperative sensitivity and also favours the incidence of carious lesions. Aim: To compare and evaluate the microleakage in class V lesions restored with Activa Bioactive restorative and nanohybrid composite resin using two different bonding agents...
April 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951461/arthroscopic-menisectomy
#11
S O Giwa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951460/peer-reviewed-abstracts-of-scientific-paper-presentation-at-the-57th-annual-conference-of-the-west-african-college-of-surgeons-at-ougadougou-burkina-faso-26th-february-4th-march-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951459/morning-glory-syndrome-in-a-nigerian-a-case-report
#13
V B Osaguona, R O Momoh
Morning glory syndrome is an uncommon congenital excavated optic disc anomaly that can impair vision and may be associated with ocular and non-ocular abnormalities. It has a characteristic fundoscopic appearance which consists of a large excavated disc with radial vessels and a central turf of glial tissue situated within a funnel shaped excavation of the posterior fundus. It is more common in Caucasians than in blacks. We report a case of this uncommon congenital anomaly of the optic disc in a Nigerian male...
January 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951458/the-correlation-between-body-mass-index-on-the-length-from-skin-to-lumbar-epidural-space-in-nigerian-adults
#14
M B Adegboye, B O Bolaji, G H Ibraheem
Background: One of the factors that determine success of an epidural anaesthetic is correctly locating the epidural space. Being able to predict the skin to lumbar epidural space distance can serve as a guide to performing epidural anaesthesia and in turn increase the success rate. Aim: To determine the correlation between the BMI, gender and age on SLESD of adults scheduled for elective surgical procedure under lumbar epidural anaesthesia. Design of Study: It was across sectional descriptive study carried out on consenting patients scheduled for elective surgery under lumbar epidural anaesthesia...
January 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951457/long-term-outcomes-of-augmented-trabeculectomy-with-5-fluorouracil-in-nigeria
#15
O O Olawoye, A O Ashaye
Background: Glaucoma in sub-Saharan Africa has been described as a surgical disease because of the high cost of medical treatment, poor compliance and unavailability of medications. Aim: This study reports the long-term outcomes and complication rates following trabeculectomy with 5-fluorouracil in a case series of Nigerians. Design of study: This was a retrospective, observational, non-comparative case series. Setting: University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria...
January 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951456/pattern-of-agenesis-and-morphologic-variation-of-the-maxillary-lateral-incisors-in-nigerian-orthodontic-patients
#16
T A Yemitan, V E Adediran, B O Ogunbanjo
Background: Congenitally missing or aberrant morphology of maxillary lateral incisors may cause aesthetic and functional impairment of the affected individual. There is however paucity of information on its prevalence and pattern of presentation among Nigerians. Aim: To determine the prevalence of agenesis, peg and small maxillary lateral incisors in Nigerian orthodontic patients in Lagos, Nigeria. Study Design: A retrospective study. Setting: Orthodontic Unit, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria...
January 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951455/efficacy-of-topical-sucralfate-versus-silver-sulfadiazine-in-the-management-of-burns-a-1-year-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
A S Godhi, P Ram, R Powar
Background: Several medications and topical agents have been used for burn injuries. Among them, 1% silver sulfadiazine is the most commonly used topical agent for partial thickness burns. Recent studies have reported that the healing of burns is delayed by silver sulfadiazine. Search for the ideal topical agent for burn injuries is an ongoing research. The current study is undertaken with sucralfate as topical agent for dressing of burn injuries. Aim: To compare the efficacy of topical sucralfate with silver sulfadiazine in the healing of second degree superficial burns...
January 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951454/an-audit-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-procedures-under-general-anaesthesia-at-the-university-college-hospital-ibadan-nigeria
#18
A A Olusanya, T O Aladelusi, B B Osinaike, S Akinloye, J T Arotiba
Background: Operating theatre time management is a constant source of tension among the healthcare professionals responsible for the use of the facility. It is important that all effort should be geared at optimal utilization of available resources and minimization of waste. Aim: To appraise time management, frequency and duration of surgical procedures, frequency and determinants of blood transfusion in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Design of the study: Prospective clinical study...
January 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951453/the-distribution-histologic-profile-and-clinical-presentation-of-gastrointestinal-malignancies-in-lagos-nigeria
#19
M Y Habeebu, O Salako, P T Okediji, B Mabadeje, O M Awofeso, A T Ajekigbe, F B Abdulkareem
Background: Gastrointestinal malignancies have continued to record higher incidence and therefore pose significant public health burden in terms of morbidity and mortality. Aim: To evaluate the sociodemographic, histologic and clinical distribution of patients with gastrointestinal malignancies diagnosed between July 2009 and March 2016. Setting: Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, south-west Nigeria. Methodology: Using a retrospective study design, all the patients with histologic diagnosis of gastrointestinal malignancies were recruited and their bio-data, clinical, histologic and treatment data were extracted from their hospital records...
January 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951452/arthroscopic-partial-meniscectomy-short-term-clinical-outcome-in-an-orthopaedic-center-in-southwestern-nigeria
#20
O R Babalola, A E Laiyemo, S E Itapke, C Madubueze, O Shodipo, F Okanu, K Alatise
Background: Meniscal tears are one of the common causes of knee pain. Aim: To evaluate the early clinical results of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy in the treatment of meniscal tears. Study Design: This was a prospective study in which consecutive patients presenting with meniscal injury, who met the inclusion criteria were recruited for the study. Setting: National Orthopaedic Hospital, Lagos. Methodology: Biodemographic data and clinical findings were obtained...
January 2017: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
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