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Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering

A Shafe, S M J Mortazavi, A Joharnia, Gh H Safaeyan
Accidental or intentional release of radioactive materials into the living or working environment may cause radioactive contamination. In nuclear medicine departments, radioactive contamination is usually due to radionuclides which emit high energy gamma photons and particles. These radionuclides have a broad range of energies and penetration capabilities. Rapid detection of radioactive contamination is very important for efficient removing of the contamination without spreading the radionuclides. A quick scan of the contaminated area helps health physicists locate the contaminated area and assess the level of activity...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
M Mehrpour, A Shakeri-Zadeh, P Basir, B Jamei, H Ghaheri, M B Shiran
BACKGROUND: Low intensity ultrasound (US) has some well-known bio-effects which are of great importance to be considered. Objective: We conducted the present study to investigate the effects of low intensity continuous ultrasound on blood cells count in rat. METHODS: Rats were anesthetized and blood samples were collected before US exposure. Then, they were exposed to US with nominal intensity of 0.2 W/cm2 at frequency of 3 MHz for a period of 10 minutes and this protocol was repeated for 7 days...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
Z Abed, J Beik, S Khoee, S Khoei, A Shakeri-Zadeh, M B Shiran
BACKGROUND: Drug nano-carriers are one of the most important tools for targeted cancer therapy so that undesired side effects of chemotherapy drugs are minimized. In this area, the use of ultrasound can be helpful in controlling drug release from nanoparticles to achieve higher treatment efficiency. OBJECTIVE: Here, we studies the effects of ultrasound irradiation on the release profile of 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) loaded magnetic poly lactic co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanocapsules...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
A Tavakoli Golpaygani, M M Movahedi, M Reza
INTRODUCTION: Modern medicine employs a wide variety of instruments with different physiological effects and measurements. Periodic verifications are routinely used in legal metrology for industrial measuring instruments. The correct operation of electrosurgical generators is essential to ensure patient's safety and management of the risks associated with the use of high and low frequency electrical currents on human body. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The metrological reliability of 20 electrosurgical equipment in six hospitals (3 private and 3 public) was evaluated in one of the provinces of Iran according to international and national standards...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
A Rezaeyan, R Fardid, G H Haddadi, M A Takhshid, M Hosseinzadeh, M Najafi, A Salajegheh
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis and progression of γ-irradiation-induced cellular damage, Lung is a radiosensitive organ and its damage is a dose-limiting factor in radiotherapy. The administration of dietary antioxidants has been suggested to protect against the succeeding tissue damage. The present study aimed to evaluate the radioprotective efficacy of Hesperidin (HES) against γ-irradiation-induced tissue damage in the lung of male rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty two rats were divided into four groups...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
F Shekoohi-Shooli, S M J Mortazavi, M B Shojaei-Fard, S Nematollahi, M Tayebi
BACKGROUND: The use of devices emitted microwave radiation such as mobile phones, wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) routers, etc. is increased rapidly. It has caused a great concern; the researchers should identify its effects on people's health. We evaluated the protective role of Vitamin C on the metabolic and enzymatic activities of the liver after exposure to Wi-Fi routers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 70 male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were randomly divided into 7 groups (10 rats in each group)...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
B Farhood, M T Bahreyni Toossi, H Vosoughi, S Khademi, C Knaup
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the leading global cause of cancer death among women worldwide. Radiotherapy plays a significant role in treatment of breast cancer and reduces locoregional recurrence and eventually improves survival. The treatment fields applied for breast cancer treatment include: tangential, axillary, supraclavicular and internal mammary fields. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, due to the presence of sensitive organ such as thyroid inside the supraclavicular field, thyroid dose and its effective factors were investigated...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
M Alavi, S Taeb, M A Okhovat, M Atefi, F Negahdari
BACKGROUND: Hormesis is defined as the bio-positive response of something which is bio-negative in high doses. In the present study, the effect of radiation hormesis was evaluated on the survival rate of immunosuppressed BALB/c mice by Cyclosporine A. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used 75 consanguine, male, BALB/c mice in this experiment. The first group received Technetium-99m and the second group was placed on a sample radioactive soil of Ramsar region (800Bq) for 20 days...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
T Verma, N K Painuly, S P Mishra, M Shajahan, N Singh, M L B Bhatt, N Jamal, M C Pant
BACKGROUND: Inclusion of inhomogeneity corrections in intensity modulated small fields always makes conformal irradiation of lung tumor very complicated in accurate dose delivery. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, the performance of five algorithms via Monte Carlo, Pencil Beam, Convolution, Fast Superposition and Superposition were evaluated in lung cancer Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy planning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Treatment plans for ten lung cancer patients previously planned on Monte Carlo algorithm were re-planned using same treatment planning indices (gantry angel, rank, power etc...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
J Beik, A R Mehdizadeh, A Shakeri-Zadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
M Rismanchi
Diastolic phase of cardiac function is associated with lower arterial flow and hence higher concentration of intra arterially injected drug is achieved at the site of injection. It is herein postulated that drugs show higher efficacy when injected during the diastolic phase of cardiac function. It is also postulated that this benefit cannot be achieved when the drug is injected with higher rates thus producing the same high concentration at the site of injection. Pulsed intra arterial injection also benefits from the delayed therapeutic effect of the decaying drug before the next shot of injection resaturates the targeted tissue...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
H Ashrafi, M Shariyat
INTRODUCTION: Nano-indentation has recently been employed as a powerful tool for determining the mechanical properties of biological tissues on nano and micro scales. A majority of soft biological tissues such as ligaments and tendons exhibit viscoelastic or time-dependent behaviors. The constitutive characterization of soft tissues is among very important subjects in clinical medicine and especially, biomechanics fields. Periodontal ligament plays an important role in initiating tooth movement when loads are applied to teeth with orthodontic appliances...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
Javadpour A, Mohammadi A
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of right diagnosis in medical applications, various methods have been exploited for processing medical images solar. The method of segmentation is used to analyze anal to miscall structures in medical imaging. OBJECTIVE: This study describes a new method for brain Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) segmentation via a novel algorithm based on genetic and regional growth. METHODS: Among medical imaging methods, brains MRI segmentation is important due to high contrast of non-intrusive soft tissue and high spatial resolution...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
Kh Rezaee, E Azizi, J Haddadnia
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a severe disorder of the central nervous system that predisposes the person to recurrent seizures. Fifty million people worldwide suffer from epilepsy; after Alzheimer's and stroke, it is the third widespread nervous disorder. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, an algorithm to detect the onset of epileptic seizures based on the analysis of brain electrical signals (EEG) has been proposed. 844 hours of EEG were recorded form 23 pediatric patients consecutively with 163 occurrences of seizures...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
K Ghazikhanlou-Sani, S M P Firoozabadi, L Agha-Ghazvini, H Mahmoodzadeh
INTRODUCTION: There is many ways to assessing the electrical conductivity anisotropy of a tumor. Applying the values of tissue electrical conductivity anisotropy is crucial in numerical modeling of the electric and thermal field distribution in electroporation treatments. This study aims to calculate the tissues electrical conductivity anisotropy in patients with sarcoma tumors using diffusion tensor imaging technique. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 3 subjects were involved in this study...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
D Khoshdel-Navi, A Shabestani-Monfared, M R Deevband, R Abdi, M Nabahati
BACKGROUND: The most efficient application of ionizing radiation is serving medical purposes and using this radiation has caused people to learn that artificial sources of radiation exposure among these resources can be of highest exposure rate. OBIECTIVE: The present study is aimed at initially establishing a baseline for local-reference dose level in Mazandaran, Iran in 12 projections of the most conventional x-ray examination. METHODS: In this study, 13 public hospitals in Mazandaran province were selected for review and required data collected for ten adult patients with mean weight of 70±10kg in each projection...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
M T Bahreyni Toosi, N Mohamadian, M Ghorbani, F Khorshidi, F Akbari, C Knaup
OBJECTIVE: Radiochromic EBT3 film is a later generation of radiochromic films. The aim of this study is to compare EBT and EBT3 radiochromic films in radiotherapy fields of breast cancer. METHODS: A RANDO phantom was irradiated by a 6 MV Siemens Primus linac with medial and lateral fields of radiotherapy of breast cancer. Dosimetry was performed in various points in the fields using EBT and EBT3 films. Films were scanned by a Microtek color scanner. Dose values from two films in corresponding points were compared...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
Mohammadi A, Mehdizadeh A R
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
Gh Mortazavi, M Haghani, N Rastegarian, S Zarei, S M J Mortazavi
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), factors such as growing electricity demand, ever-advancing technologies and changes in social behaviour have led to steadily increasing exposure to man-made electromagnetic fields.  Dental amalgam fillings are among the major sources of exposure to elemental mercury vapour in the general population. Although it was previously believed that low levels are mercury (i.g. release of mercury from dental amalgam) is not hazardous, now numerous data indicate that even very low doses of mercury cause toxicity...
March 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
M Abdi, M Navidbakhsh, A Razmkon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Numerical modeling of biological structures would be very helpful tool to analyze hundreds of human body phenomena and also diseases diagnosis. One physiologic phenomenon is blood circulatory system and heart hemodynamic performance that can be simulated by utilizing lumped method. In this study, we can predict hemodynamic behavior of one artery of circulatory system (anterior cerebral artery) when disease such as internal carotid artery occlusion is occurred...
March 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
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