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Indian Journal of Dentistry

Rekha Ravikumar, Rakesh Manohar, Sneha Magatha Latha, Julius Xavier Scott
Acute leukemia is the most common malignant disorder of childhood. Acute leukemia is characterized by marrow failure due to the replacement of marrow elements by leukemic blasts. Gingival hypertrophy (GH) due to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in a child is extremely rare. Here, we report a case of AML (subtype M5 of FAB classification) in a 3-year-old male child wherein the disease primarily presented as GH.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Sankalp Sancheti, Jiten N Singh, Akshat Malik, Kalpana Th Devi, Shivani Jain
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular neoplasm of borderline or low-grade malignant potential uncommonly seen in head and neck region and has not been reported in the hypopharynx. We present here a case of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma arising from the hypopharynx in a young female patient who presented with progressive dysphagia for 1-year and difficulty in breathing for 1-month. This is first reported case in published English literature to the best of our knowledge. Recognition of this borderline entity is necessary because of its potential for malignant transformation and recurrence...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Ravinder Solanki, Monika Khangwal, Davender Kumar, Mahesh Goel
Displacement of tooth or root in submandibular or parapharyngeal spaces is one of the serious complications while extracting mandibular third molar by the general practitioners. Possibilities enhance in cases with extremely thin lingual plates. Moreover, there are no posterior fascial borders limiting the sublingual and submandibular spaces. In addition, no fascial border separates these spaces from the inferior parapharyngeal space. Thus, there is free communication between these spaces and tooth easily may dislodge into further spaces and lead to serious complications ahead...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Rahul Srivastava, Bhuvan Jyoti, Manorama Bihari, Shobhit Pradhan
The word scleroderma comes from two Greek words, "sclero" meaning hard and "derma" meaning skin. Scleroderma or progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS), a rare condition, was first characterized as a single condition in 1752 by Curzio of Naples. It generally affects woman between 30 and 50 years of age and has a low prevalence. Scleroderma is a disease of the immune system, blood vessels, and connective tissue. Dermal manifestations include stiff, tight, and shiny skin usually of the hands and feet due to swelling and thickening of the connective tissue as they become fibrotic or scarred...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Bhushan Sharma, George Koshy, Shekhar Kapoor
Calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) was first described and classified by Gorlin et al. It is defined as a cystic lesion in which the epithelial lining shows a well defined basal layer of columnar cells, an overlying layer that often resemble stellate reticulum and masses of ghost cells that may be in the epithelial cystic lining or in the fibrous capsule. The lesion generally occurs in the region anterior to maxillary and mandibular molars and either intraosseous or extraosseus. This entity might present as a cystic or solid lesion...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Yuvika Mittal, Govind Jindal, Sandeep Garg
The use of dental implants for the rehabilitation of missing teeth has broadened the treatment options for patients and clinicians equally. As a result of advances in research in implant design, materials, and techniques, the use of dental implants has increased dramatically in the past two decades and is expected to expand further in the future. Success of dental implants depends largely on the quality and quantity of the available bone in the recipient site. This however may be compromised or unavailable due to tumor, trauma, periodontal disease, etc...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Parimala Kulkarni, Suchi Agrawal, Arpana Bansal, Ankur Jain, Utkarsh Tiwari, Ayushi Anand
CONTEXT: The use of nickel-containing alloys in dentistry has been questioned because of the biological liabilities of nickel and the release of nickel ions from dental appliances into the oral cavity. The potential health hazards of nickel and chromium and their compounds have been the focus of attention for more than 100 years. It has established that these metals could cause hypersensitivity. AIMS: To assess the nickel release from various dental appliances used in pediatric dentistry...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Manjit Talwar, Amrit Tewari, H S Chawla, Vinod Sachdev
OBJECTIVE: To assess the availability of fluoride concentration in saliva following the use of fluoride mouthrinse and dentifrice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiment was carried out in 7-15 year-old school children of Chandigarh (n = 90). The children were nonfluoride users. Baseline saliva samples were collected. The subjects were exposed to two test agents, i.e., fluoride mouthrinse (0.05%, 225 ppm F) and dentifrice (1000 ppm F) for 7 days and on the day 8, saliva samples were collected over a 20 hrs period...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Naseem Shah, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Vartika Kathuria, Tanupriya Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Prevention of oral diseases can be achieved by preventive measures. There is an educational component associated to the preventive aspect. Health education is a cornerstone to the success of a preventive programme. Health education has always been regarded as a primary tool in imparting awareness, bringing changes in healthy behaviors and improved life. AIM: To assess the effectiveness of an Educational Video in improving oral health knowledge of subjects in a hospital setting...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Rachninder Kaur, Anand C Kumar, Ranjana Garg, Sugandha Sharma, Trisha Rastogi, Vivek Vijay Gupta
BACKGROUND: The impaction rate is higher for the third molars than for any other tooth in modern human population. This study was conducted with the aim to evaluate the validity of linear and angular measurements on the digital panoramic radiograph as a reference for early prediction of mandibular third molar eruption/impaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Digital panoramic radiographs of 200 subjects were selected based on their status of eruption of mandibular third molars; fully erupted (Group A), partially erupted (Group B), fully developed but not erupted (Group C) and partially developed groups (Group D)...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Davender Kumar, Vinay Dua, Rajat Mangla, Ravinder Solanki, Monika Solanki, Rekha Sharma
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the frictional forces generated by five different orthodontic brackets when used in combination with stainless steel (SS), titanium molybdenum alloy (TMA), and nickel-titanium (NiTi) archwires in dry conditions at physiological temperature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five different types of maxillary upper right side self-ligating brackets (SLBs) (Damon 3MX, Smart Clip and Carriere LX) and conventional SS brackets (Mini 2000, Optimum Series and Victory Series) with a slot size 0...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Inder Kumar Pandit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Gopi Naveen Chander, C Sasikala, B Mutukumar, N Dhanasekar
A method of formulating a reinforcement lithium disilicate ceramic ingot was proposed. The ceramic ingot was broken manually with a mallet to finer particles. The sectioned ingot is ball milled along with 10% of nano zirconia by weight to obtain the desired powder. The reinforced powder is condensed in a 5 ml disposable syringe by powder slurry technique. The compacted ceramic were sintered at 900°C to obtain ceramic ingots. The reinforced ceramic ingots were used in pressable ceramic machines to obtain the desired advantages of zirconia reinforcement and pressable ceramic system...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Sumit Bahl, Vandana Shah, Sonal Anchlia, Siddharth Vyas
Cystic hygroma is a benign congenital malformation of the lymphatic system that occurs in infant or children younger than 2 years of age. Although cystic hygroma is well recognized in pediatric practice, it seldom presents de novo in adulthood. These are commonly present in head and neck but can be present anywhere. Cystic hygroma is very rare in adults, but it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of adult neck swellings. Patients presenting with a painless, soft, fluctuant, and enlarging neck mass should have a careful history and physical examination along with radiological imaging to assist with diagnosis...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Karim Poorsattar Bejeh Mir, Arash Poorsattar Bejeh Mir, Morvarid Poorsattar Bejeh Mir, Sina Haghanifar
The premise of complete ossification of midpalatal suture in early adulthood still has its popularity, though conflicting data are emerging in the literature. A 49-year-old male and a 54-year-old female Iranian patient, both dentulous, were referred to a Maxillofacial Radiology Center to be evaluated for implant insertion. In cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) evaluation, an in-ossified suture was found in anterior two-third of midpalatal region of both individuals. The application of clinical vignettes from CBCT findings for maxillofacial orthodontic and orthopedic purposes is of value...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
B S Manjunatha, Sharad Purohit, Sheetal Kiran, V Naga Mahita
Juvenile ossifying fibroma (JOF) is a rare fibro-osseous lesion of the jaw occurs at the early age of onset frequently under 15 years with a propensity to recur. It appears as a unilobulated/multilobulated lesion at an early stage followed by radiopaque appearance surrounded by radiolucent rimming at advanced stages. The psammomatous type of JOF (PsJOF) principally involves the bones of the orbit and paranasal sinuses. However in some cases, maxilla or rarely the mandible may be pretentious. Here, we report a challenging case of PsJOF in a 6-year-old child with a complaint of swelling imitating a cystic lesion in left back region of the lower jaw for 2 months...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Amisha A Shah, Amit Sangle, Smita Bussari, Ajit V Koshy
Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is a rare and uncommon jaw bone cyst of odontogenic origin described in 1987 by Gardener et al. as a distinct entity. It is a cyst having an unpredictable, potentially aggressive behavior, and has the propensity to grow in large size with relatively high recurrence rate. It poses a diagnostic challenge as it can be clinically and histopathologically confused with lateral periodontal cyst, botryoid odontogenic cyst, radicular and residual cysts with mucous metaplasia, and low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Supreet Kaur, Vishakha Grover, Harkiran Kaur, Ranjan Malhotra
Forty years ago Marshal R. Urist discovered a substance in bone matrix that had inductive properties for the development of bone and cartilage, until date, at least 20 bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have been identified, some of which have been shown in vitro to stimulate the process of stem cell differentiation into osteoblasts in human and animal models. The purpose of this paper is to give a brief overview of BMPs and to review critically the clinical data currently available on the use of BMPs in various periodontal applications...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Shams Ul Nisa, Tajinder Kaur Saggu
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of 0.1% tacrolimus with Colgate Oraguard-B paste for the treatment of patients with oral lichen planus (OLP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty patients with symptomatic OLP participated in the study, who had clinically and histopathologically proven OLP. In this study, patients were provided with 0.1% tacrolimus ointment with Colgate Oraguard-B paste as the study medication. Patients were asked to use the medication over the areas three times a day until resolution of the lesion...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Nidhi Khajuria, Rashmi Metgud, Smitha Naik, Sahul Lerra, Priya Tiwari, Mamta, Payal Katakwar, Anirudh Tak
BACKGROUND: Cyst and tumors arise from tissue remains of odontogenesis, these interactions have been considered to play an important role in the tumorigenesis of odontogenic lesions. The connective tissue stroma has an essential role in the preservation of epithelial tissues and minor alterations in the epithelium are followed by corresponding changes in the stroma, such as angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is considered the first factor which maintains its position as the most critical driver of vascular formation and is required to initiate the formation of immature vessels, with this aim, present study was executed to evaluate VEGF expression in kertocystic odontogenic tumor, dentigerous cyst and radicular cyst (RC)...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
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