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Intestinal Research

Harshal S Mandavdhare, Jimil Shah, Kaushal K Prasad, Roshan Agarwala, Vikas Suri, Savita Kumari, Usha Dutta, Vishal Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: Intestinal Research
Silvio Danese, Rupa Banerjee, Jr Fraser Cummings, Iris Dotan, Paulo G Kotze, Rupert W Leong, Kristine Paridaens, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Glyn Scott, Gert Van Assche, Jan Wehkamp, Jesús K Yamamoto-Furusho
Symptomatic ulcerative colitis (UC) can be a chronic, disabling condition. Flares in disease activity are associated with many of the negative impacts of mild-to-moderate UC. Rapid resolution of flares can provide benefits to patients and healthcare systems. i Support Therapy-Access to Rapid Treatment (iSTART) introduces patient-centered care for mild-to-moderate UC. iSTART provides patients with the ability to self-assess symptomology and self-start a short course of second-line treatment when necessary. An international panel of experts produced consensus statements and recommendations...
October 16, 2018: Intestinal Research
Hyeon-A Kim, Hyo-Rim Suh, Ben Kang, Byung-Ho Choe
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rapidly increasing worldwide. Indigo naturalis is known to have an antiinflammatory effect. Indigo naturalis has been traditionally used in the treatment of IBD in China and Japan. Currently, it is used as a primary or adjunctive drug in patients with ulcerative colitis. There are some reports of the effects of indigo naturalis when used in patients with ulcerative colitis. However, its usage has been associated with adverse events, including liver dysfunction, headache, gastrointestinal disturbance, and pulmonary hypertension...
October 16, 2018: Intestinal Research
Eun Ae Kang, Seung Jun Han, Jaeyoung Chun, Hyun Jung Lee, Hyunsoo Chung, Jong Pil Im, Sang Gyun Kim, Joo Sung Kim, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim, Dong Ho Lee, Hyun Chae Jung
Background/Aims: Spontaneous intramural small bowel hematoma (SISBH) is an extremely rare complication of anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy. We assessed the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with SISBH according to the anatomical location of the hematoma. Methods: From January 2003 to February 2016, medical records for all patients hospitalized for SISBH at 2 tertiary referral hospitals were retrospectively reviewed. The primary outcome was requirement for surgery...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Sampan Attri, Rishi Mahajan, Gunjan Goel
Background/Aims: The initial microbial colonization is a crucial step for the healthy development of an infant. Previous studies from India reported the dominance of target microbial species among Indian infants without any analysis on the diversity of target groups. This is the first study from India with an objective to investigate the establishment and diversity of lactic acid producing bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria in vaginally delivered, full term, breastfed infants for the first 4 months after birth...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Young-Hoon Jeong, Jun Lee, Sang-Wook Kim, Geom-Seog Seo, Hyun-Soo Kim, Young-Eun Joo
Background/Aims: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an advanced technique that can be used to treat precancerous and early colorectal neoplasms by facilitating en bloc resection regardless of tumor size. In our study, we investigated the clinicopathological feature and the treatment outcome of patients with colorectal laterally spreading tumors (LSTs) that were treated by ESD. Methods: The study enrolled all of 210 patients with colorectal LSTs who underwent ESD...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Peter Irving, Johan Burisch, Richard Driscoll, Mats Olsson, John R Fullarton, Barry S Rodgers-Gray, Simon Pl Travis
Background/Aims: IBD2020 is a global forum for standards of care in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of the IBD2020 survey was to identify and describe variations in quality care of IBD. Methods: Patients with IBD from Finland, Italy, France, Canada, Germany, UK, Spain and Sweden were surveyed during 2013 to 2014, covering: disease characteristics; impact on life and work; organization and perceived quality of care. Results: Seven thousand five hundred and seven patients participated (median age, 39 years [range, 10-103 years]; 2,354 male [31...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Jae Ho Choi, Jae Myung Cha, Jin Young Yoon, Min Seob Kwak, Jung Won Jeon, Hyun Phil Shin
Background/Aims: Little is known for the capacity and quality of colonoscopy, and adherence to colonoscopy surveillance guidelines in Korea. This study aimed to investigate the present and potential colonoscopic capacity, colonoscopic quality, and adherence to colonoscopy surveillance guidelines in Korea. Methods: We surveyed representative endoscopists of 72 endoscopy units from June to August 2015, using a 36-item questionnaire regarding colonoscopic capacity, quality, and adherence to colonoscopy surveillance guidelines of each hospitals...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Shu Chen Wei, Chien-Chih Tung, Meng-Tzu Weng, Jau-Min Wong
Background/Aims: Fecal calprotectin (fC) level is a predictive marker of mucosal healing for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Home fC tests are now available. We evaluated the performance of the smartphone-based IBDoc home testing system in patients with IBD and obtained their feedback as an objective patient-reported outcome. Methods: This prospective study enrolled consecutive patients with IBD in clinical remission. fC in the same stool sample was assessed by using both the laboratory test (Quantum Blue calprotectin test) and home test (IBDoc)...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Kyoung Ho Ko, You Sun Kim, Bo Kyung Lee, Jong Hyun Choi, Yong Moon Woo, Jin Young Kim, Jeong Seop Moon
Background/Aims: Previous data suggest that vitamin D has a significant role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We investigated the incidence of vitamin D deficiency in Korean patients with IBD and the correlation between serum vitamin D level and disease activity. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients with IBD whose serum vitamin D levels were checked. Deficiency of 25-hydroxyvitamin D was defined as <20 ng/mL. Disease activity was evaluated using the partial Mayo score for ulcerative colitis (≥2 defined as active disease) and Harvey-Bradshaw index for Crohn's disease (≥4 defined as active disease)...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Shiro Nakamura, Hirotsugu Imaeda, Hiroki Nishikawa, Masaki Iimuro, Minoru Matsuura, Hideo Oka, Junsuke Oku, Takako Miyazaki, Hirohito Honda, Kenji Watanabe, Hiroshi Nakase, Akira Andoh
Background/Aims: Noninvasive objective monitoring is advantageous for optimizing treatment strategies in patients inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Fecal calprotectin (FCP) is superior to traditional biomarkers in terms of assessing the activity in patients with IBD. However, there are the differences among several FCP assays in the dynamics of FCP. In this prospective multicenter trial, we investigated the usefulness of fecal FCP measurements in adult Japanese patients with IBD by reliable enzyme immunoassay using a monoclonal antibody...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Jung Won Park, Tae Il Kim, Jae Hee Cheon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Dong Ju Kim, Yoon Mi Jeoun, Dong-Won Lee, Ja Seol Koo, Sang Woo Lee
Background/Aims: Ulcerative colitis undergoes periods of exacerbation and remission. Fecal calprotectin levels increase with gut inflammation and correlate with endoscopic disease activity in ulcerative colitis. Intestinal blood loss and fecal immunochemical test levels also correlate with endoscopic disease activity. This study statistically evaluated the usefulness of fecal calprotectin, fecal immunochemical test, and C-reactive protein (CRP) as markers of disease activity. Methods: A total 106 ulcerative colitis patients who underwent endoscopy and fecal calprotectin, fecal immunochemical test, and CRP testing, from March 2015 to August 2016, were retrospectively reviewed...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Jun Miyoshi, Katsuyoshi Matsuoka, Atsushi Yoshida, Makoto Naganuma, Tadakazu Hisamatsu, Tomoharu Yajima, Nagamu Inoue, Susumu Okamoto, Yasushi Iwao, Haruhiko Ogata, Fumiaki Ueno, Toshifumi Hibi, Takanori Kanai
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is one of the major clinical phenotypes of inflammatory bowel diseases. Although 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is widely used for UC and its efficacy and safety have been demonstrated, a few patients paradoxically develop a severe exacerbation of colitis by 5-ASA administration. It is crucial to know clinical features including endoscopic findings in this condition for making a correct diagnosis and a prompt decision to withdraw the medication. Here, we report case series with UC exacerbated by 5-ASA...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Jonathan Perry, Andy Chen, Viraj Kariyawasam, Glen Collins, Chee Choong, Wei Ling Teh, Nikola Mitrev, Friedbert Kohler, Rupert Wing Loong Leong
Background/Aims: Medication non-adherence is common in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The short-term consequences of non-adherence include increased disease relapse but the long-term impact upon patients in terms of daily functional impairment are less well characterized. Identifying negative outcomes, such as disability, may encourage adherence. Methods: Consecutive ambulatory IBD subjects completed the Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS; non-adherence defined as ≤16), Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Disability Index (IBD-DI; disability: <3...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Saya Tsuda, Reiko Kunisaki, Jun Kato, Mayu Murakami, Masafumi Nishio, Tsuyoshi Ogashiwa, Takeichi Yoshida, Hideaki Kimura, Masayuki Kitano
Background/Aims: In clinical practice, colonoscopy has been regarded as the gold standard for the evaluation of disease severity as well as mucosal healing in ulcerative colitis (UC). Some activity indices incorporating patient symptoms as parameters have been shown to reflect the endoscopic activity of UC. The aim of this study was to examine whether self-reported symptoms with visual analog scales (VAS) can predict endoscopic activity. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 150 UC patients who underwent colonoscopy with submission of VAS scores of 4 symptoms: general condition, bloody stools, stool form, and abdominal pain (0: no symptoms, 10: the most severe symptoms)...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Ashish Agarwal, Saurabh Kedia, Saransh Jain, Vipin Gupta, Sawan Bopanna, Dawesh P Yadav, Sandeep Goyal, Venigalla Pratap Mouli, Rajan Dhingra, Govind Makharia, Vineet Ahuja
Background/Aims: The data on the risk of tuberculosis (TB) reactivation with infliximab (IFX) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) from TB endemic countries, like India, is limited. The risk of TB reactivation on IFX and its predictors in patients with IBD was assessed. Methods: This retrospective review included consecutive patients with IBD who received IFX, and were on follow-up from January 2005 to November 2017. The data was recorded on age/disease duration, indications for IFX, screening for latent tuberculosis (LTB) before IFX, response to IFX, incidence and duration when TB developed after IFX, and type of TB (pulmonary [PTB]/extra-pulmonary [EPTB]/disseminated)...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Ji Young Chang, Sung-Ae Jung, Chang Mo Moon, Seong-Eun Kim, Hye-Kyung Jung, Ki-Nam Shim
Background/Aims: Testing for hepatitis B virus (HBV) serologic markers and appropriate vaccination are required in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. We evaluated immunogenicity for HBV in IBD patients and the response to the HBV vaccination. Methods: From May 2014 to August 2016, patients diagnosed with IBD were prospectively included and evaluated for anti-HBs antibody, anti-HBc antibody, and HBs antigen. Among the 73 patients who were confirmed with nonimmunity to HBV, 44 patients who had completed the 3-dose HBV vaccination series received a single booster vaccination, while 29 patients who had not completed the vaccinations series or were unsure of receiving the vaccination received a full vaccination series...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Shinichiro Shinzaki, Toshimitsu Fujii, Shigeki Bamba, Maiko Ogawa, Taku Kobayashi, Masahide Oshita, Hiroki Tanaka, Keiji Ozeki, Sakuma Takahashi, Hiroki Kitamoto, Kazuhito Kani, Sohachi Nanjo, Takeshi Sugaya, Yuko Sakakibara, Toshihiro Inokuchi, Kazuki Kakimoto, Akihiro Yamada, Hisae Yasuhara, Yoko Yokoyama, Takuya Yoshino, Akira Matsui, Misaki Nakamura, Taku Tomizawa, Ryosuke Sakemi, Noriko Kamata, Toshifumi Hibi
Background/Aims: The influences of Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy on the disease course of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are still unclear. We therefore conducted a multicenter, retrospective cohort study to evaluate the safety of H. pylori eradication therapy for IBD patients. Methods: IBD patients with H. pylori eradication from 2005 to 2015 (eradication group) and control patients (non-eradication group; 2 paired IBD patients without H. pylori eradication matched with each eradicated patient) were included...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
Kenichiro Takahashi, Shigeki Bamba, Masahiro Kawahara, Atsushi Nishida, Osamu Inatomi, Masaya Sasaki, Tomoyuki Tsujikawa, Ryoji Kushima, Mitsushige Sugimoto, Katsuyuki Kitoh, Akira Andoh
The objective of this study was to evaluate the magnified endoscopic findings in the diagnosis of follicular lymphoma in the small intestine in comparison with those of intestinal follicular lymphoma and lymphangiectasia. Four patients with follicular lymphoma and 3 with lymphangiectasia in the small intestine were retrospectively analyzed. A prototype magnifying singleballoon enteroscope was used. The findings of the intestinal follicular lymphoma and lymphangiectasia were retrospectively analyzed to determine the magnified endoscopic findings of follicular lymphoma in the small intestine...
October 10, 2018: Intestinal Research
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