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Intestinal Research

Hiroshi Nakase, Bora Keum, Byong Duk Ye, Soo Jung Park, Hoon Sup Koo, Chang Soo Eun
[This corrects the article on p. 231 in vol. 14, PMID: 27433145.].
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Hyun Il Seo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Se Hui Noh, Byong Duk Ye, Hoonsub So, Yu Seok Kim, Dong Jin Suh, Sang Nam Yoon
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a rare cause of bowel obstruction that is characterized by the encasement of the small bowel by a thick, whitish, and fibrous membrane. The pathophysiology of SEP is poorly understood and preoperative diagnosis is difficult. Previous reports suggest that SEP may be linked to the chronic use of β-adrenergic blockers. A 46-year-old man with liver cirrhosis and end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis presented with recurrent abdominal pain and borborygmi. He had been taking propranolol to prevent bleeding from gastroesophageal varices for the past 15 years...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Seung Hyun Lee, Jong Wook Kim, Se Jin Park, Ju Yeol Heo, Woo Hyun Paik, Won Ki Bae, Nam-Hoon Kim, Kyung-Ah Kim, June Sung Lee
A 57-year-old man with chronic kidney disease and a history of using numerous herbal medications visited Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital for abdominal pain and vomiting. An abdominal radiograph showed diffuse small bowel distension containing multiple air-fluid levels and extensive calcifications along the colon. Computed tomography showed colon wall thickening with diffuse calcification along the colonic mesenteric vein and colonic wall. Colonoscopy, performed without bowel preparation, showed bluish edematous mucosa from the transverse to the distal sigmoid colon, with multiple scar changes...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
K Arivarasan, Vaishali Bhardwaj, Sukrit Sud, Sanjeev Sachdeva, Amarender Singh Puri
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an uncommon extra-intestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Despite limited published literature, biologics have caused a paradigm shift in the management of this difficult-to-treat skin condition. The clinical data and outcomes of three patients with active ulcerative colitis and concurrent PG treated with biologics (infliximab two and adalimumab one) are reviewed in this report. Biologics were added because of the sub-optimal response of the colonic symptoms and skin lesions to parenteral hydrocortisone therapy...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Eun Kyoung Kim, Dong Soo Han, Youngouk Ro, Chang Soo Eun, Kyo-Sang Yoo, Young-Ha Oh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) allows removal of colorectal epithelial neoplasms en bloc regardless of size. Colorectal ESD is a difficult procedure because of technical difficulties and risks of complications. This study aimed to assess the relationship between ESD outcome and degree of submucosal fibrosis. METHODS: Patients with colorectal tumors undergoing ESD and their medical records were reviewed retrospectively. The degree of submucosal fibrosis was classified into three types...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Jung Min Lee, Yu Jin Kang, Eun Soo Kim, Yoo Jin Lee, Kyung Sik Park, Kwang Bum Cho, Seong Woo Jeon, Min Kyu Jung, Hyun Seok Lee, Eun Young Kim, Jin Tae Jung, Byung Ik Jang, Kyeong Ok Kim, Yun Jin Chung, Chang Hun Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Establishment of a colonoscopy reporting system is a prerequisite to determining and improving quality. This study aimed to investigate colonoscopists' opinions and the actual situation of a colonoscopy reporting system in a clinical practice in southeastern area of Korea and to assess the factors predictive of an inadequate reporting system. METHODS: Physicians who performed colonoscopies in the Daegu-Gyeongbuk province of Korea and were registered with the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (KSGE) were interviewed via mail about colonoscopy reporting systems using a standardized questionnaire...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Vinay G Zanwar, Sunil V Pawar, Pravir A Gambhire, Samit S Jain, Ravindra G Surude, Vinaya B Shah, Qais Q Contractor, Pravin M Rathi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The existence of non-celiac gluten sensitivity has been debated. Indeed, the intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms of many patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) but without celiac disease or wheat allergy have been shown to improve on a gluten-free diet. Therefore, this study set out to evaluate the effects of gluten on IBS symptoms. METHODS: We performed a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled rechallenge trial in a tertiary care hospital with IBS patients who fulfilled the Rome III criteria...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Joo Hyun Lim, Seung Ho Choi, Changhyun Lee, Ji Yeon Seo, Hae Yeon Kang, Jong In Yang, Su Jin Chung, Joo Sung Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A percutaneous gastrostomy can be placed either endoscopically (percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, PEG) or radiologically (radiologically-inserted gastrostomy, RIG). However, there is no consistent evidence of the safety and efficacy of PEG compared to RIG. Recently, 30-day mortality has become considered as the most important surrogate index for evaluating the safety and efficacy of percutaneous gastrostomy. The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the 30-day mortality rates between PEG and RIG...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Qiao Yu, Ren Mao, Lei Lian, Siew Chien Ng, Shenghong Zhang, Zhihui Chen, Yanyan Zhang, Yun Qiu, Baili Chen, Yao He, Zhirong Zeng, Shomron Ben-Horin, Xinming Song, Minhu Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The past decades have seen increasing incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in China. This article aimed to summarize the current status and characteristics of surgical management for IBD in China. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Chinese databases from January 1, 1990 to July 1, 2014 for all relevant studies on the surgical treatment IBD in China. Eligible studies with sufficient defined variables were further reviewed for primary and secondary outcome measures...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Satoshi Hiyama, Hideki Iijima, Syoichiro Kawai, Akira Mukai, Eri Shiraishi, Shuko Iwatani, Toshio Yamaguchi, Manabu Araki, Yoshito Hayashi, Shinichiro Shinzaki, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Masahiko Tsujii, Tetsuo Takehara
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Peyer's patches (PPs) are aggregates of lymphoid follicles that are mainly located in the distal ileum; they play a major role in mucosal immunity. We recently reported that patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) have alterations in PPs that can be detected using narrow-band imaging with magnifying endoscopy (NBI-ME). However, the usefulness of NBI-ME in UC treatment as a whole is still unknown. METHODS: We collected NBI-ME images of PPs from 67 UC patients who had undergone ileocolonoscopy...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Hui Won Jang, Hyun Sook Kim, Soo Jung Park, Sung Pil Hong, Tae Il Kim, Won Ho Kim, Jae Hee Cheon
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Several studies have found that the measurement of fecal calprotectin is useful for the early diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We compared the effectiveness of three different fecal calprotectin kits for initial diagnosis in patients with suspected IBD. METHODS: We enrolled 31 patients with IBD (18 Crohn's disease [CD], 11 ulcerative colitis [UC], and two intestinal Behçet's disease), five with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and five with other colitis (four infectious colitis and one intestinal tuberculosis)...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Rafiz Abdul Rani, Raja Affendi Raja Ali, Yeong Yeh Lee
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a common gastrointestinal disorder involving the gut-brain axis, and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a chronic relapsing inflammatory disorder, are both increasing in incidence and prevalence in Asia. Both have significant overlap in terms of symptoms, pathophysiology, and treatment, suggesting the possibility of IBS and IBD being a single disease entity albeit at opposite ends of the spectrum. We examined the similarities and differences in IBS and IBD, and offer new thoughts and approaches to the disease paradigm...
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Yoon Jae Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Shu Chen Wei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Intestinal Research
Jaeyoung Chun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Hyung Ku Chon, Ik Sang Shin, Sang Wook Kim, Soo Teik Lee
Endoscopic treatments have emerged as an alternative to surgery, in the treatment of benign colorectal stricture. Unlike endoscopic balloon dilatation, there is limited data on endoscopic electrocautery incision therapy for benign colorectal stricture, especially with regards to safety and long-term patency. We present a case of a 29-year-old female with Crohn's disease who had difficulty in defecation and passing thin stools. A pelvic magnetic resonance imaging scan, gastrograffin enema, and sigmoidoscopy showed a high-grade anorectal stricture...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Hyungil Seo, Sang Hyoung Park, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Chang Gok Woo, Seung-Mo Hong, Kiju Chang, Hoonsub So, Minseob Kwak, Wan Soo Kim, Jeong-Mi Lee, Dong-Hoon Yang, Kyung-Jo Kim, Byong Duk Ye, Seung-Jae Myung, Suk-Kyun Yang
As mast cells have been highlighted in the pathogenesis of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome, a new term "mastocytic enterocolitis" was suggested by Jakate and colleagues to describe an increase in mucosal mast cells in patients with chronic intractable diarrhea and favorable response to treatment with antihistamines. Although it is not an established disease entity, two cases have been reported in the English medical literature. Here, for the first time in Asia, we report another case of chronic intractable diarrhea caused by gastrointestinal mastocytosis...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Ji Yeon Seo, Seung Ho Choi, Jaeyoung Chun, Changhyun Lee, Ji Min Choi, Eun Hyo Jin, Sung Wook Hwang, Jong Pil Im, Sang Gyun Kim, Joo Sung Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The efficacy and safety of endoscopic resection of colorectal cancer derived from sessile serrated adenomas or traditional serrated adenomas are still unknown. The aims of this study were to verify the characteristics and outcomes of endoscopically resected early colorectal cancers developed from serrated polyps. METHODS: Among patients who received endoscopic resection of early colorectal cancers from 2008 to 2011, cancers with documented pre-existing lesions were included...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Sawan Bopanna, Maitreyee Roy, Prasenjit Das, S Dattagupta, V Sreenivas, V Pratap Mouli, Saurabh Kedia, Rajan Dhingra, Rajesh Pradhan, N Suraj Kumar, Dawesh P Yadav, Govind Makharia, Vineet Ahuja
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent data suggest that the incidence of ulcerative colitis (UC) related colorectal cancer (CRC) in India is similar to that of West. The optimum method for surveillance is still a debate. Surveillance with random biopsies has been the standard of care, but is a tedious process. We therefore undertook this study to assess the yield of random biopsy in dysplasia surveillance. METHODS: Between March 2014 and July 2015, patients of UC attending the Inflammatory Bowel Disease clinic at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences with high risk factors for CRC like duration of disease >15 years and pancolitis, family history of CRC, primary sclerosing cholangitis underwent surveillance colonoscopy for dysplasia...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
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