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Intestinal Research

Jaeyoung Chun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Hyung Ku Chon, Ik Sang Shin, Sang Wook Kim, Soo Teik Lee
Endoscopic treatments have emerged as an alternative to surgery, in the treatment of benign colorectal stricture. Unlike endoscopic balloon dilatation, there is limited data on endoscopic electrocautery incision therapy for benign colorectal stricture, especially with regards to safety and long-term patency. We present a case of a 29-year-old female with Crohn's disease who had difficulty in defecation and passing thin stools. A pelvic magnetic resonance imaging scan, gastrograffin enema, and sigmoidoscopy showed a high-grade anorectal stricture...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Hyungil Seo, Sang Hyoung Park, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Chang Gok Woo, Seung-Mo Hong, Kiju Chang, Hoonsub So, Minseob Kwak, Wan Soo Kim, Jeong-Mi Lee, Dong-Hoon Yang, Kyung-Jo Kim, Byong Duk Ye, Seung-Jae Myung, Suk-Kyun Yang
As mast cells have been highlighted in the pathogenesis of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome, a new term "mastocytic enterocolitis" was suggested by Jakate and colleagues to describe an increase in mucosal mast cells in patients with chronic intractable diarrhea and favorable response to treatment with antihistamines. Although it is not an established disease entity, two cases have been reported in the English medical literature. Here, for the first time in Asia, we report another case of chronic intractable diarrhea caused by gastrointestinal mastocytosis...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Ji Yeon Seo, Seung Ho Choi, Jaeyoung Chun, Changhyun Lee, Ji Min Choi, Eun Hyo Jin, Sung Wook Hwang, Jong Pil Im, Sang Gyun Kim, Joo Sung Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The efficacy and safety of endoscopic resection of colorectal cancer derived from sessile serrated adenomas or traditional serrated adenomas are still unknown. The aims of this study were to verify the characteristics and outcomes of endoscopically resected early colorectal cancers developed from serrated polyps. METHODS: Among patients who received endoscopic resection of early colorectal cancers from 2008 to 2011, cancers with documented pre-existing lesions were included...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Sawan Bopanna, Maitreyee Roy, Prasenjit Das, S Dattagupta, V Sreenivas, V Pratap Mouli, Saurabh Kedia, Rajan Dhingra, Rajesh Pradhan, N Suraj Kumar, Dawesh P Yadav, Govind Makharia, Vineet Ahuja
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent data suggest that the incidence of ulcerative colitis (UC) related colorectal cancer (CRC) in India is similar to that of West. The optimum method for surveillance is still a debate. Surveillance with random biopsies has been the standard of care, but is a tedious process. We therefore undertook this study to assess the yield of random biopsy in dysplasia surveillance. METHODS: Between March 2014 and July 2015, patients of UC attending the Inflammatory Bowel Disease clinic at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences with high risk factors for CRC like duration of disease >15 years and pancolitis, family history of CRC, primary sclerosing cholangitis underwent surveillance colonoscopy for dysplasia...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Ho-Su Lee, Jaewon Choe, Hyo Jeong Lee, Sung Wook Hwang, Sang Hyoung Park, Dong-Hoon Yang, Kyung-Jo Kim, Byong Duk Ye, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Seung-Jae Myung, Yong Sik Yoon, Chang Sik Yu, Jin-Ho Kim, Suk-Kyun Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Accurately diagnosing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains a challenge, but is crucial for providing proper management for affected patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of change in diagnosis in Korean patients who were referred to our institution with a diagnosis of IBD. METHODS: We enrolled 1,444 patients diagnosed with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 1,452 diagnosed with Crohn's disease (CD), who had been referred to the Asan Medical Center between January 2010 and December 2014...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Chun-Chi Lin, Shu-Chen Wei, Been-Ren Lin, Wen-Sy Tsai, Jinn-Shiun Chen, Tzu-Chi Hsu, Wei-Chen Lin, Tien-Yu Huang, Te-Hsin Chao, Hung-Hsin Lin, Jau-Min Wong, Jen-Kou Lin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: With the recent progress in medical treatment, surgery still plays a necessary and important role in treating ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. In this study, we analyzed the surgical results and outcomes of UC in Taiwan in the recent 20 years, via a multi-center study through the collaboration of Taiwan Society of IBD. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of surgery data of UC patients from January 1, 1995, through December 31, 2014, in 6 Taiwan major medical centers was conducted...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Hye Kyung Song, Kang-Moon Lee, Sung-Ae Jung, Sung Noh Hong, Dong Soo Han, Suk-Kyun Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The quality of care in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been systematically estimated. The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of quality of IBD care in Asian countries. METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted between March 2014 and May 2014. The questionnaire was adopted from "An adult inflammatory bowel disease physician performance measure set" developed by the American Gastroenterological Association. If the respondent executed the performance measure in more than 70% of patients, the measure was regarded as well performed...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Hiroshi Nakase, Bora Keum, Byoung Duk Ye, Soo Jung Park, Hoon Sup Koo, Chang Soo Eun
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management guidelines have been released from Western countries, but no adequate data on the application of these guidelines in Asian countries and no surveys on the treatment of IBD in real practice exist. Since there is a growing need for a customized consensus for IBD treatment in Asian countries, Asian Organization of Crohn's and Colitis performed a multinational survey of medical doctors who treat IBD patients in Asian countries. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed between August 2013 and November 2013...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Eun Soo Kim, Minhu Chen, Jun Lee, Chang-Kyun Lee, You Sun Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: As the number of Asian patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has increased recently, there is a growing need to improve IBD care in this region. This study is aimed at determining how Asian countries are currently dealing with their IBD patients in terms of diagnosis. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed by the organizing committee of Asian Organization for Crohn's and Colitis, for a multinational web-based survey conducted between March 2014 and May 2014...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Shu Chen Wei
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The cost of caring for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is high. Without government support, the cost burden will unavoidably rest on the patients and their family. However, the government providing full support will place a large financial burden on the health-care systems of a country. The aim of this study is to understand the current status of public medical insurance systems in caring for IBD patients among Asian countries. METHODS: Questionnaires inquiring about the availability of public health systems; medical, diagnostic, and endoscopy costs; and coverage rate of biologics use were designed and sent to IBD experts in each of the Asian countries studied...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Mikang Kim, Hyun Joo Jang
Endoscopy has a crucial role in the diagnosis, management, and surveillance of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It contributes in supporting the diagnosis of IBD with the clinical history, physical examination, laboratory findings, and targeted biopsies. Furthermore, endoscopy has a significant role in assessing disease activity and distribution in treatment efficacy evaluation, post-surgical recurrence risk, and cancer surveillance in patients with long-lasting illness. Endoscopy also provides therapeutic potential for the treatment of IBD, especially with stricture dilatation and treatment of bleeding...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Ruben J Colman, David T Rubin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ulcerative colitis (UC) patients are at greater risk for the development of colorectal neoplasia. Several individual studies have demonstrated associations between severity of histologic inflammation and colorectal neoplasia. However, a comprehensive systematic review has not been completed. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the relationship between histologic inflammation and risk for neoplasia among available observational studies. METHODS: Three databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library) were systematically searched...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Ji Won Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Intestinal Research
Jen-Wei Chou, Ken-Sheng Cheng, Shih-Chieh Chuang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Intestinal Research
In Seub Shin, Hyeri Seok, Yeong Hee Eun, You-Bin Lee, Seung-Eun Lee, Eun Ran Kim, Dong Kyung Chang, Young-Ho Kim, Sung Noh Hong
Micronutrient deficiencies in Crohn's disease (CD) patients are not uncommon and usually result in a combination of reduced dietary intake, disease-related malabsorption, and a catabolic state. Decreased serum thiamine levels are often reported in patients with CD. Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a severe form of thiamine deficiency that can cause serious neurologic complications. Although WE is known to occur frequently in alcoholics, a number of non-alcoholic causes have also been reported. Here, we report two cases of non-alcoholic WE that developed in two severely malnourished CD patients who were supported by prolonged total parenteral nutrition without thiamine supplementation...
April 2016: Intestinal Research
Jen-Wei Chou, Ken-Sheng Cheng
Acute cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection occurs commonly in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients, but is usually asymptomatic in the latter. Vascular events associated with acute CMV infection have been described, but are rare. Hence, such events are rarely reported in the literature. We report a case of pulmonary embolism secondary to acute CMV colitis in an immunocompetent 78-year-old man. The patient presented with fever and diarrhea. Colonic ulcers were diagnosed based on colonoscopy findings, and CMV was the proven etiology on pathological examination...
April 2016: Intestinal Research
Jatinderpal Singh, Amarender S Puri, Sanjeev Sachdeva, Puja Sakhuja, Kulandaivelu Arivarasan
Tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors are now considered as standard therapy for patients with severe inflammatory bowel disease who do not respond to corticosteroids, but they carry a definite risk of reactivation of tuberculosis. We present a case in which a patient with inflammatory bowel disease developed a de novo tuberculosis infection after the start of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α treatment despite showing negative results in tuberculosis screening. Although there are many case reports of pleural, lymph nodal and disseminated tuberculosis following infliximab therapy, we present the first case report of rectal tuberculosis following infliximab therapy...
April 2016: Intestinal Research
Hyun Il Seo, Dae Sung Lee, Eun Mi Yoon, Min-Jung Kwon, Hyosoon Park, Yoon Suk Jung, Jung Ho Park, Chong Il Sohn, Dong Il Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To prevent the transmission of pathogens by endoscopes, following established reprocessing guidelines is critical. An ideal reprocessing step is simple, fast, and inexpensive. Here, we evaluated and compared the efficacy and safety of two disinfectants, a tertiary amine compound (TAC) and ortho-phthalaldehyde (OPA). METHODS: A total of 100 colonoscopes were randomly reprocessed using two same automated endoscope reprocessors, according to disinfectant...
April 2016: Intestinal Research
Hee Sook Lee, Younjeong Choi, Ja Young Jung, Young-Jun Sung, Dong Won Ahn, Ji Bong Jeong, Byeong Gwan Kim, Kook Lae Lee, Seong-Joon Koh, Ji Won Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of colorectal neoplasia in subjects with fundic gland polyps (FGPs) and the relationship between FGPs and colorectal neoplasia in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed 128 consecutive patients with FPGs who underwent colonoscopy between January 2009 and December 2013. For each case, age- (±5 years) and sex-matched controls were identified from among patients with hyperplastic polyps, gastric neoplasms, and healthy controls...
April 2016: Intestinal Research
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