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Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256118/treadmill-exercise-ameliorates-the-regulation-of-energy-metabolism-in-skeletal-muscle-of-nse-ps2m-transgenic-mice-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Jang-Soo Yook, Joon-Yong Cho
Purpose: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is classified as a progressive neurological disorder, which not only causes cognitive impairment but also abnormal weight loss, with a reduction of muscle mass related to the accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) in skeletal muscle. Thus, we investigated the effect of treadmill exercise on Aβ deposition, and p-AMPK, p-ACC, BDNF, and GLUT4 protein levels the regulation of muscle energy metabolism using an AD mouse. Methods: At 13 months of age, NSE/PS2m mice (Tg) and control mice (non-Tg) were assigned to non-exercise control (Con) and exercise groups (Exe)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239998/effects-of-colostrum-serum-on-the-serotonergic-system-in-the-dorsal-raphe-nuclei-of-exercised-rats
#2
Tae-Woon Kim, Chang-Ju Kim, JinHee Seo
Purpose: The central fatigue hypothesis suggests that exhaustion, or the maximum level of exercise, induces excessive stress and increases serotonin concentrations in the brain, which in turn decreases central nervous system (CNS) function and induces fatigue. Our aim was to determine the effects of colostrum serum on the serotonergic system in the dorsal raphe nuclei during exhaustive exercise. Methods: Animals were randomly divided into five groups: control, exercise, exercise and treatment with 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg of colostrum serum...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239997/effects-of-different-doses-of-silk-peptide-on-energy-metabolism-during-exercise-in-mice
#3
JiSu Kim, JongHoon Park, BokYung Kim, Chi-Ho Lee, KiWon Lim, HeaJung Suh
Purpose: This study was carried out to determine the optimal dose of silk peptide for enhancing fat metabolism during exercise. Methods: Fifty male ICR mice were randomly divided into five groups: Sed, SP0, SP200, SP400, and SP800. All SP mice underwent training by running on a treadmill 5 times a week for 2 weeks (20 m/min, 8° slope, 50 min/day for the first week and 25 m/min, 8° slope, 50 min/day at about 70-75% of maximum oxygen uptake for the second week)...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190304/effects-of-an-integrated-health-care-program-for-children
#4
Ok Hyun Kim, Jin Kyung Park
Purpose: This study examined the effects of an integrated health care program in elementary school students. Methods: The integrated program comprised exercises (3-4 times/week) and six sessions on nutritional and psychological education. Anthropometric measurements were recorded before the intervention. Additionally, physical fitness, dietary habits, nutrition knowledge, and psychological changes were assessed before and after the program. Results: In total, 29% of the subjects were overweight and obese before the intervention (32% boys and 26% girls)...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190305/jaeumganghwa-tang-a-traditional-herbal-formula-improves-muscle-function-and-attenuates-muscle-loss-in-aged-mice
#5
Yun Mi Lee, Ohn Soon Kim
Purpose: Jaeumganghwa-Tang (JGT), a traditional herbal formula composed of 12 medicinal herbs, is used for the treatment of age-related diseases. In the present study, we investigated the effects of JGT on muscle mass and function in aged mice. Methods: Young (5-month-old) and old (19-month-old) male C57BL/6 mice were divided into two groups each; one group received JGT (75 mg/d) and the other group received the vehicle for 6 weeks. At the end of the experimental period, muscle strength was examined using the wire hang test, and the tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius muscles were weighed...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150478/effects-of-silk-peptides-administration-on-fat-utilization-over-a-whole-day-in-mice
#6
Jisu Kim, Jonghoon Park, Bokyung Kim, Chi-Ho Lee, Kiwon Lim, Heajung Suh
Purpose: The aim of the present narrative review was to consider the evidence on the timing, optimal dose and intake duration of the main dietary supplements β-alanine, nitrate, caffeine, creatine, sodium bicarbonate, carbohydrate and protein. Methods: This review article will focuses on timing, optimal dose and intake duration of main dietary supplements for consuming. Results: This paper reviewed the evidence to determine the optimal time, efficacy doses and intake duration for sports supplements verified by scientific evidence that report a performance enhancing effect in both situation of laboratory and training settings...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150477/red-ginseng-as-an-ergogenic-aid-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-trials
#7
REVIEW
Nan Hee Lee, Hyun Chul Jung, SukHo Lee
Purpose: This systematic review was performed to summarize clinical trials assessing the effect of Red Ginseng (RG) supplementation on exercise performance and fatigue recovery. Methods: Two English databases (PUBMED, MEDLINE) and two Korean databases (KISS, RISS) were used as systematic searching engines. We included only articles written in the English and Korean languages. Clinical trials, which evaluated exercise performance and recovery variables with RG supplementation, were included in this review...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150476/nitrate-containing-beetroot-juice-reduces-oxygen-consumption-during-submaximal-exercise-in-low-but-not-high-aerobically-fit-male-runners
#8
Colin R Carriker, Roger A Vaughan, Trisha A VanDusseldorp, Kelly E Johnson, Nicholas M Beltz, James J McCormick, Nathan H Cole, Ann L Gibson
Purpose: to examine the effect of a 4-day NO3- loading protocol on the submaximal oxygen cost of both low fit and high fit participants at five different exercise intensities. Methods: participants were initially assigned to a placebo (PL; negligible NO3-) or inorganic nitrate-rich (NR; 6.2 mmol nitrate/day) group; double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover. Participants completed three trials (T1, T2 and T3). T1 included a maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) treadmill test...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150475/relationship-between-fat-cd36-protein-in-skeletal-muscle-and-whole-body-fat-oxidation-in-endurance-trained-mice
#9
Jisu Kim, Kiwon Lim
Purpose: We investigated the effects of endurance training on the expression of long-chain fatty acid transport proteins in the skeletal muscle and whole-body fat oxidation during endurance exercise. Methods: Seven-week-old male ICR mice (n = 12) were divided into 2 groups, namely, Sed (sedentary; non-trained) and Tr (endurance-trained) groups. The Tr group was adapted to treadmill training at a fixed intensity (15 m/min, 8° slope) for 3 days. Next, the exercise intensity was increased while maintaining the 8° slope...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150474/combined-effects-of-phytochemicals-and-exercise-on-fatty-acid-oxidation
#10
REVIEW
Jong-Hee Kim, Yoonjung Park
Purpose: The purpose of this review is to discuss current views regarding the acute effects of phytochemicals, exercise, and exercise plus phytochemicals on fatty acid oxidation. Methods: Data acquired from human and animal studies were comprehensively assessed to determine the single and combined effects of phytochemicals and exercise on fatty acid oxidation. In addition, underlying mechanisms associated with those conditions that may contribute to the regulation of fat metabolism are discussed...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150473/correlation-between-salivary-alpha-amylase-anxiety-and-game-records-in-the-archery-competition
#11
In Soo Lim
Purpose: This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between psychological and physiological changes and performance in archery, which is strongly influenced by psychological factors including concentration, tension, anxiety, and stress. Methods: A total of 19 athletes from women's colleges who participated in the 30 m individual competition at the 34th President's Cup National Archery Competition in July 2016 were included in this study. The anxiety levels of the participants were assessed on a 10-point Likert scale, with 1 corresponding to "not at all" and 10 to "extremely anxious...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150472/timing-optimal-dose-and-intake-duration-of-dietary-supplements-with-evidence-based-use-in-sports-nutrition
#12
REVIEW
Alireza Naderi, Erick P de Oliveira, Tim N Ziegenfuss, MarkE T Willems
Purpose: The aim of the present narrative review was to consider the evidence on the timing, optimal dose and intake duration of the main dietary supplements β-alanine, nitrate, caffeine, creatine, sodium bicarbonate, carbohydrate and protein. Methods: This review article will focuses on timing, optimal dose and intake duration of main dietary supplements for consuming. Results: This paper reviewed the evidence to determine the optimal time, efficacy doses and intake duration for sports supplements verified by scientific evidence that report a performance enhancing effect in both situation of laboratory and training settings...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150471/the-effect-of-4-weeks-fixed-and-mixed-intermittent-hypoxic-training-iht-on-respiratory-metabolic-and-acid-base-response-of-capillary-blood-during-submaximal-bicycle-exercise-in-male-elite-taekwondo-players
#13
Hun-Young Park, Sub Sunoo, Sang-Seok Nam
Purpose: The purpose of our study was to determine the effectiveness of 4 weeks fixed and mixed intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) and its difference from exercise training at sea-level on exercise load, respiratory metabolic and acid-base response of capillary blood during 80% maximal heart rate (HRmax) bicycle exercise in male elite Taekwondo players. Methods: Male elite Taekwondo players (n = 25 out of 33) were randomly assigned to training at sea-level (n = 8, control group), training at 16...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150470/jakyakgamcho-tang-and-its-major-component-paeonia-lactiflora-exhibit-potent-anti-glycation-properties
#14
Junghyun Kim, Chan-Sik Kim, Young Sook Kim, Ik Soo Lee, Jin Sook Kim
Purpose: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetes and other age-related diseases. AGE inhibitors or breakers, such as aminoguanidine and alagebrium, have been proposed as therapeutic agents for AGE-related disorders. Jakyakgamcho-tang (JGT) is a well-known traditional herbal formula, which consists of the radix of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas (PR) and the radix and rhizome of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch (GR). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory and breaking activities of JGT, PR, and GR against AGEs...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757387/the-reliability-and-validity-of-gait-speed-with-different-walking-pace-and-distances-against-general-health-physical-function-and-chronic-disease-in-aged-adults
#15
Hee-Jae Kim, Ilhyoek Park, Hyo Joo Lee, On Lee
PURPOSE: Gait speed is an important objective values associated with several health-related outcomes including functional mobility in aging people. However, walking test methodologies and descriptions are not standardized considering specific aims of research. This study examine the reliability and validity of gait speed measured at various distances and paces in elderly Koreans. METHODS: Fifty-four female participants ≥70 years of age were recruited from a local retirement community...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757386/effects-of-high-intensity-swimming-training-on-the-bones-of-ovariectomized-rats
#16
Taewoong Oh, Sakura Tanaka, Tatsuki Naka, Shoji Igawa
PURPOSE: This study was performed to assess the effects of high-intensity intermittent swimming training(HIT) on bone in ovariectomized rats. METHODS: Six-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to either sham operation or bilateral ovariectomy. After surgery, they were divided into the following four groups: 1) sham-operated sedentary (S), 2) sham-operated exercise training (SE), 3) OVX sedentary (O), 4) OVX exercise training (OE) 5) OVX given 17β-estradiol (OE2) and 6) OVX exercise training and given 17β-estradiol (OEE)...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757385/the-effect-of-pueraria-lobata-rehmannia-glutinosa-and-exercise-on-fatty-acid-transporters-expression-in-ovariectomized-rats-skeletal-muscles
#17
Hye Jin Kim, Hae Min Yoon, Oran Kwon, Won Jun Lee
PURPOSE: Pueraria lobata/rehmannia glutinosa (PR) and exercise have been receiving a lot of attention from postmenopausal women, as a result of the side effects of estrogen replacement therapy. However, the effects of PR and exercise on fatty acid transporters (FATPs), which play essential role in fatty acid transport, have not been studied. In this study, we evaluated the effects of PR and aerobic exercise on FATP1, FABPpm and FAT/CD36 expression in ovariectomized rat skeletal muscles...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757383/effects-of-voluntary-exercise-on-apoptosis-and-cortisol-after-chronic-restraint-stress-in-mice
#18
Hyobin Seo, Chun-Hyung Park, Seokrip Choi, Woocheol Kim, Byung-Duk Jeon, Seungpil Ryu
PURPOSE: To determine whether voluntary exercise (wheel running) has the potential of relieving stress. METHODS: In this study, restraint stress with or without voluntary wheel running was performed for mice housed in individual cages. A total of 21 ICR male mice were assigned into control (CON), restraint stress with voluntary exercise (RSVE), or restraint stress (RS) without voluntary exercise groups (n = 7 each). RESULTS: No significant difference in body weight increase was found among the three groups, although CON and RS groups had a tendency of having smaller body weight increase compared to the RSVE group...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757382/the-effects-of-exercise-training-and-type-of-exercise-training-on-changes-in-bone-mineral-denstiy-in-korean-postmenopausal-women-a-systematic-review
#19
Jung Eun Kim, Hwasil Moon, Haeng Mi Jin
PURPOSE: To systematically review the effects of exercise training and the type of exercise training on changes in bone mineral density (BMD) in Korean postmenopausal women. METHODS: Korean studies Information Service System (KISS) and PubMed were searched and 17 randomized control trials were selected. Changes in BMD of lumbar spine (LS), femur neck (FN), Ward's triangle (WT), and trochanter (Tro) were chosen as major outcomes. RESULTS: Exercise training increased BMD of LS, FN, WT, and Tro...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757381/echinacea-supplementation-does-it-really-improve-aerobic-fitness
#20
Cory W Baumann, Dongmin Kwak
PURPOSE: Echinacea is an herbal supplement used by endurance athletes for its performance boosting properties. It is thought that Echinacea improves the blood's oxygen carrying capacity by increasing production of erythropoietin (EPO), a glycoprotein that regulates red blood cell formation. Subsequently, these changes would lead to an overall improvement in maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and running economy (RE), two markers of aerobic fitness. The purpose of this review is to briefly discuss the physiological variables associated with distance running performance and how these variables are influenced by Echinacea supplementation...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
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